(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Lancashire : biographies, Rolls of Honour"

^■i^k. 



M. ti 



942.7201 
L22t ^ 

1358088 



GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNT r PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 00727 7343 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2009 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/lancashirebiograOOIanc 



The Counties' Who's Who Series 



LANCASHIRE 



COPYRIGHT 



WESTMINSTER PUBLISHING COMPANY 
J. W. T. and M. A. ROSS 



LANCASHIRE 

BIOGRAPHIES 
ROLLS OF HONOUR 



INTRODUCTION BY 



W. RALPH HALL CAINE 

Author of 

" Annals of the Magic Isle," " The Mananan Myth," 

"The Cruise of the Port Kingston," &?c. 




LONDON 
PUBLISHED BY RICHARD J. JAMES 

AT 10 11-12 IVY LANE, PATERNOSTER ROW 

1917 



1358088 



Editor's Note. 

The Editor desires to thank his many correspondents for the 
assistance they have rendered him in the compilation of the facts 
recorded in this volume, and begs the indulgence of his Lancashire 
friends for any errors of omission, or commission, which may be 
noted. It is scarcely to be expected that a County Biographical 
Dictionary of this magnitude can be wholly free from reproach, 
prepared, as it has been, in times presenting peculiar difficulties, 
and under circumstances which have entailed much delay, and 
unusual labour, in completing the work as it stands. 



Suggestions for further Biographical 
works ; Local or County Histories ; 
Rolls of Honour ; Trade, Manufac- 
turing, or Technical Publications ; 
or volumes of Artistic or Literary 
character, are invited. They will be 
carefully considered. All such com- 
munications should be addressed : 
Editor (Personal), Westminster 
Publishing Company, 10, 11, 12, Ivy 
Lane, Paternoster Row, London, E.C. 



Contents. 



PAGE 

HONOURS LIST vi. 

NEW COUNTY MAGISTRATES vi. 

INTRODUCTION ix. 

BIOGRAPHIES (Alphabetical) ----- 3 

ASSOCIATION OF LANCASTRIANS IN LONDON - - 420 

ROLLS OF honour- 
Liverpool University - - - - - 425 
Liverpool College - - - - - -451 

Manchester University (Summary of List, with 

Honours Awarded) ----- 462 

Manchester Grammar School - - - - 463 

Merchant Taylors' School . . - - 4^^ 

RossALL School ------ 513 

Royal Grammar School (Lancaster) • - - 565 



RECENT HONOURS 

AsHTON, Thomas., J. P., Ashton Old Road, Manchester — Privy Councillor. 

AspiNALL, John Audley F., Railway Manager, Associate Prof, of Engineer- 
ing, Liverpool University — Knight. 

Barton, W., M.P., Oldham, and Calico Printer, Manchester — Knight. 

Cain, W., Liverpool — Knight. 

Fraser, John Foster, F.J.L (formerly of Manchester) — Knight. 

Hall, E, Marshall, K.C, (formerly Lancashire M.P.) — Knight. 

Leach, Jos. Bithell, J. P., Southport — Knight. 

Lever, Sir W. H., Bart. — Now Baron Leverhulme. 

Smith, D. Stewart, K.C. — Knight. 

Smith, Sir Frederick, Bart., J.P. (born Salford) — Baron. 

Stanley, Lord — Returned M.P. for Abercromby Division, Liverpool, June, 
1917. 

Wood, Ed. Graham, Ocean Ironworks, Salford, a former High Sheriff of 
Lancashire — Knight . 

NEW COUNTY MAGISTRATES 

Atherton, Samuel, Daisy Bank, 4, Outwood Road, Radcliffe. 

Barton, Sir William, M.P., 53, George Street, Manchester, and Wybers- 

legh Hall, High Lane, near Stockport. 
Boardman, John, Murray House, Rainford, St. Helens. 
Cocker, James, Inglewood, Whitehall Road, Darwen. 
EccLES, Harold, Sykes Holt, near Blackburn. 
FuRNEss, William, Fern Lea, Park Road, Great Sankey. 
Grimshaw, Edward, Victoria Terrace, Church Street, Radcliffe. 
HoYLE, William, Wesley Place, Tottington, Bury. 
Kellett, James, Beech Lawn, Stamford Road, Audenshaw. 
Leigh, Richard, Craigmore, South Drive, St. Annes-on-the-Sea. 
Lund, James Henry, 14, Outwood Road, Radcliffe. 
Macklin, Judge Albert Romer, Steepways, Ilkley, Yorkshire. 
McGuRK John, 13, Phoenix Street, Bury. 
Pearce, John, Ashfield House, 53, Higher Road, Urmston. 
Robinson, W. C, Spring Bank, 237, Manchester Road, Bury. 
Sames, George G., Dingfield, Preston New Road, Blackburn. 
ScARR, Dr. George, Beech House, Radcliffe. 
ScHOLFiELD, ARTHUR Y., Enncnda, Urmston. 
Seddon, Charles R., Beechwood, Whitefield. 
Smith, Thomas, Old Brook Hall, Bold, near Widnes. 
SwiTHENBANK, Edwin, Pleasley, Knowsley Road, Whitefield. 
Wood, William, Loughrigg, Guest Road, Prestwich. 
Yates, George, Woodlands, Darwen. 



LANCASHIRE. 



OF the counties of England, Lancashire stands first in population, second 
in rateable value, and sixth in area. These are merely figures of 
comparison. The pre-eminence of Lancashire can be stated in 
more arrestive terms. 
As an industrial centre, Lancashire has many competitors but no rival. 
Within what we call " the Manchester area," which occupies the south-eastern 
corner and includes sections of adjoining counties, we have a gathering of 
people larger than is found assembled in any other locality in the world. 
Every year London is adding to her numbers a population roughly equal to 
that of a town of average size, but even London, despite her long start and 
peculiar advantages, as capital of the Empire and her proximity to the 
Continent, does not now provide occupation and sustenance for such an 
immense army of workers as can be counted within a twenty or thirty mile 
radius of Manchester. New York has no family of like proportions ; Paris, 
Berlin, Rome, and Buenos Ayres are still further in the rear.* 

Iron, coal, cotton, and ships ! By these agencies of man's energy, discovery, 
and constructive skill, and within a period of considerably less than a couple 
of centuries, Lancashire has positively leapt into a position of unexampled 
activity, prosperity, and influence. 

"What Lancashire thinks to-day " 



Save when her trade has been imperilled, Lancashire has been too agreeably 
occupied making money to bother much with politics, either as a career 
for her youth or as an occupation for her " Captains of Industry " of mature 
age. Her proudest plea has been to be left alone. Having regard,therefore, 
to the numbers of her population, she has given fewer sons to the tortuous, 
often unavailing (and be it admitted in a whisper, the largely unremunerative), 
processes of shaping Governments and making laws, than many a less important 
county. 

Exceptions, of course, there have been — recent and conspicuous exceptions 
hke those of Gladstone and Bright, to make mention of only two belonging 
to the trading classes ; but even these great names, to which those of Lord 
Morley, of Blackburn, and the Prime Minister (Mr, David Lloyd George, M.P.)t 
may now, not inappropriately, be added, only prove the rule regarding a 
gathering of people so large as to be counted by the milhon. 

And yet, with representation or without representation in the highest 
councils of the State, Lancashire money and Lancashire brains have constituted 

* I wonder how many Englishmen are fully conscious of this amazing growth of 
Lancashire. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, one in rather more than every 
twenty-four persons living in England was a resident of Lancashire ; at the close of the 
century the figures were, roughly, one in eight. If it were humanly possible for the county 
to maintain " the lightning advance " there would be, at the close of the present epoch, 
one-third of the entire population of England settled in Lancashire. 

t In claiming Mr. Lloyd George as a Lancashire man, it is worth remembering that, 
apart from any question as to place of birth, a large proportion of the place-names of Lan- 
cashire are insoluble without reference to the native, or Celtic speech, of his Welsh pro- 
genitors. There have been four Lancashire-born Premiers since 1832, viz.. Sir Robert 
Peel, the Earl of Derby (the ''Rupert of Debate"), Mr. Gladstone, and Mr. Lloyd 
George, covering in all about twenty-two years out of eighty-five. 



IHE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 



for many years past the sheet anchor of British politics. Never has England 
had occasion to regret a decision, based upon the homely wisdom and sterling 
common sense of her Lancashire advisers. 

Why ? Whence ? 

The questions frame themselves — Why is so large a share of England's 
industrial activities concentrated in Lancashire ? Who are these people ? 
And what is the ancestry of the men and women (the sexes have a call for 
independent mention because no otherwhere have the women made a more 
substantial contribution to the common purse) who have turned Nature 
from ways of slothful indolence, and converted an ancient land, consisting 
largely of scrub, forest, moss (or what we more generally call marsh), and 
sand dunes, into a hive of industry, intersected with highways, waterways, 
and railways ? 

For answer, let the pages of this book tell their own tale, and the two 
thousand or more biographies inscribed herein be their own witness to the 
truth. 



THE term " Lancashire," meaning the shire, share, or division of Great 
Britain of which the principal or county town is Lancaster, has a 
restricted significance, inasmuch as no shire court was ever held. 
As a Duchy and County Palatine, Lancashire possessed for many centuries 
its own special courts. Certain of these tribunals were lost to us, as recently 
as the passing of the Judicature Acts of 1873-1876. But courts still survive — 
of which the Court of the Passage of Liverpool may be quoted as a con- 
venient example — to which I venture to attribute a history that links us, in 
all probability, to the Danish-Norwegian settlement of, say, the tenth century, 
or roughly, four hundred years earlier than the mandate of Edward IIL to his 
son, John o' Gaunt. 

The Origin of the Name. 

The question as to the origin of the place-name "Lancaster" has been 
responsible for a rich crop of speculation. The last gathering is as follows : — 

" Lone, loaely, and alone come from ' i laun,' which means banishment, and those 
thus outlawed formed the brigands of the hill districts. We thus get Lunesdale. Lune, 
and Lancaster " (S. W. Partington, " The Danes in Lancashire and Yorkshire," 1909, 
P- 55)- 

Mr. Partington has written a book that deserves to be much better 
known; it ought to find a place in every Lancastrian's Ubrary. In his 
enthusiasm, however, for the Scandinavian adventurers, who came to plunder 
us, but from whom we got, as a free gift, more than we ever lost in battle, 
inasmuch as they brought us a spirit of daring, and notions of government 
of the highest order of excellence — in short, quaUties of blood which their 
own country could ill afford to lose — he has entirely overlooked our earlier 
dependence upon another dominant people — the Brythonic branch of the 
Celtic race. 

The " caster " or " castre " is a legacy of our Roman conquerors, meaning 
a military camp, a fortified place and, towards the end of their occupation, a 
castle. For the rest, we must tura for light to our Celtic studies. 

*' Naming " was Creation. 

At one time all settlements were made on the banks of a river. When 
the settlement became a town, it took its name from the river, because the 
river had an identity in priority to the town. Our ancestors conferred a 
name on everything that dominated their intelligence — earth, sea, air, and sky. 



LANCASHIRE xi. 



The mountain was " named," the river was " named," most of all, the death- 
dealing stone hammer or sword of a valiant in battle was " named." To 
" name " a thing, was to call it into a living, or spiritual existence. A mountain 
did not become the depository of any super-human, or supernatural agency, 
until it was named. An upstanding stone possessed no active, or living 
presence, until that presence was, by approved ritual, conferred thereon. To 
suggest that our far-away forefathers " worshipped " stones, under the con- 
viction that the stone had ceased to be a stone, and had become a god, is the 
veriest trash and nonsense. 

The calling of things into existence, by conferring upon them names, is 
exemplified in the Bible narrative of the creation : " And God called the light 
Day, and the darkness He called Night " (Genesis i. 5, et seq.). " And 
Adam gave names " (ii. 19). In the ritual of baptism we confer upon a child 
a name, and it is the teaching of the Church, that the infant ceases to be a frail 
creature of the flesh, on becoming the depositary of an immortal spirit. In 
Egypt, the ceremony of the Sun-God Ra accepting, and acknowledging the 
Queen's baby, as of divine origin and blood, was practised by the priests of 
Heliopolis, with appropriate prayers and obvious material advantages to 
themselves, several thousand years before the present era. 

The " naming " and thereby conferring thereon creation, or spiritual 
existence, is, in truth, world-old and world-wide. There is no branch of the 
human family that has not yielded to the doctrine. 

The Fragrance of Metaphor. 

Locke, the English scholar, penetrated the fundamental idea with startling 
astuteness, though the discovery was not recognised until long afterwards. He 
was the first to show that names are not the signs of the things themselves, 
but always the signs of our concepts of them. It has also been prettily said, 
that our language is crowded with metaphors, which shed a poetic fragrance 
over the simplest form of speech. " Man transfers his own circumstances, 
relations, and properties to inanimate nature " (Curtius, " Principles of Greek 
Etymology, translated by Wilkins and England," 1886, Vol. I., p. 128). 

The Soul of the Silvery Stream. 

There are several rivers named Lune, Whether the Celts imparted the 
flavour of their own poetic minds, or yielded to the superstition of a still earlier 
people, we do not know. We may never know. We suspect that the Celt 
in his westward flight, at about the period of the dawn of history, learned as 
much as he ever taught. He was, in his very soul, extremely susceptible to 
the play of magic art. At fall of night, when the rain was beating heavily 
against the door, the wind whistling in fierce anger under the thatch, and the 
embers of the fire in the chollagh were burning low, his superstitious nature 
fell an easy victim to a woman's wiles. Any old wife's tale was good enough 
for him, so long as it presumed to reveal facts, which his own stout heart and 
valour in battle could not disprove. 

The Goddess of the White Waters. 

That " Lune " is our abbreviation of " Aw-lune" or "Alauna," meaning 
white water, does not bring us to the secret of the concept. Our ancestors meant 
more than " silvery stream " would imply, because it was an age when there 
was hardly a person, a place, or a thing, of which the essential part might not 
be mentally detached, and feared, or adored as a god. 

The moon was personified in the name Luna, and all mythology, with its 
common source of origin, shows us that the sacred orb of night was identified 
with various goddesses, and that the white, pale, or silvery light was an emblem 
of coldness or chastity. 

h 



xii. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

Boundaries. 

Lancashire is one of the six northern counties of England, and in relation 
to these neighbours, with whom it existed at one time in close organic unity, 
occupies the south-western corner. Furness, or " Lancashire across the 
sands," is bounded on the north and east by the counties of Cumberland and 
Westmorland and the waters of Lake Windermere, Morecambe Bay lying 
to the south and the Irish Sea on the west. The West Riding of Yorkshire 
and the southernmost ridges of the Pennine Range form, in general detail, 
the eastern boundary of the county. On the south Ues the county of Chester, 
the River Mersey constituting the dividing line for nearly fifty miles. The 
coast on the west (for the most part low-lying and fiat for a considerable 
distance inland) is washed by the Irish Sea. 

The greatest length of the county, from north-west to south-east, measures 
eighty-six miles. The extreme breadth is obtained in the south by a line 
drawn from west to east, extending to about forty-five miles. From Formby 
Point to the boundary line at Oldham we register forty-three miles. 

Area. 

Various figures are given as to the acreage. Some estimates are as high 
as 1,299,816, others as low as 1,055,395 ; the discrepancy being due to the 
difference in the area included in the calculation, the inclusion, or non-inclusion, 
of foreshore, rivers, fresh-water lakes, and what is called " the registration 
area." 

Population. 

The population according to the last estimate gives a total of 4,767,832 
compared with 4,437,518 five years before, but as the increase is calculated 
on the basis of a natural progression based on the average of the last decade, 
the figures now current are subject to the correction of the next Census in 1921. 

Divisions and Representation. 

The great divisions of the county are the six hundreds — Lonsdale (north 
and south of the sands), Amoundemess, Leyland, Blackburn, Salford, and 
West Derby. The ecclesiastical parishes or districts, wholly or in part within 
the county, number 787. There are sixteen Parliamentary cities, towns 
and boroughs, represented in the House of Commons by thirty-five members. 
The county divisions, which have twenty-three seats allotted to them, bring 
up the Parhamentary representation of the county to fifty-eight. 

Three Sections. 

Geographically, the county is formed of two, or possibly three, distinct 
areas : — 

ist. The large industrial area lying between the Mersey and the Ribble, 

2nd. The more distinctly agricultural land lying between the Ribble 
and Morecambe Bay, and then 

3rd. That kind of " after-thought " or " make weight " across the sands. 

These distinctions frequently obtrude upon our notice when we come to 
trace the history from an ethnological, a commercial, a political, and an 
ecclesiastical point of view. 

In the Beginning. 

Geology is only a new science. In its modern aspect it dates from 1830, 
when Sir Charles Lyell produced his " Principles " of the new learning. The 
service which geology is rendering to mankind has one remarkable expression — 
the call it makes upon almost all other sciences, to render it aid, in grappling 
with the variety of problems which it encounters, in an examination of the 



LANCASHIRE xiii. 



crust on earth, on which we move, and have our being. Hence geology as 
" the borrowing science." 

Nowhere does geology reveal a greater tale of wonder han in Lancashi e. 
For instance, far inland and at elevations high up from the level of the sea, 
we find, in the rocks, the evidence of forms of life that could only have existed 
in the bosom of great waters. There was a time, therefore, when most of 
the land we denominate Lancashire, must have been below the level of 'he 
sea. " The borrowing science " proves to us, that all that was then visible, 
above the chill and often frozen waters, were a few of the higher elevations, 
and that these were usually covered with snow. 

Then, down by the edge of the sea, we encounter facts which appear to 
tell quite a different story. Here is the evidence that at some period of our 
history, the land must have been at least fifty feet higher than it is to-day — 
the remains of great forests on the seashore, below high-water level, between 
Preston and Liverpool, and again at Leasowe, between the Mersey and he 
Dee, on the Wirral peninsula. 

Neither phenomenon, however, is a whit more remarkable than that other 
one to which we rightly trace all our prosperity, viz., that far down beneath 
our feet, there should be " fields," now of coal, but fields upon which, in lieu 
of the impenetrable darkness, in which they now lie, the sun once shone in 
all his splendour. 

The truth is, that we are only beginning to realise the immense age of 
the earth, that many millions of years have been necessary to produce the 
changes of which geology has made us aware, and that what we regard, at a 
first glance, as evidence of nature in confusion, has reference to widely separat d 
epochs. 

The Early Man. 

Man has existed in England for tens of thousands of years. In Kent 
we have gathered up out of the sand on the banks of the Medway, the remains 
of a human being who walked this England of ours, not less than seventy 
thousand years ago. In Lancashire we have proof of man's existence at a 
period when he had no other weapon of offence, or defence, than implements 
of unpolished stone. From the fact that the early neolithic man has left his 
flint clippings on floors varying in depth from one to ten feet, on sit s of high 
elevation, and at the eastern limits of the county, we conclude that he came 
westward, possibly under the pressure of an adversary, armed vnth the war 
spear and the polished stone axe. 

Many a Trackless Morass. 

The early man may have chosen these high elevations for his habitation 
and workshop for no other reason than this — because the valleys were no 
better than veritable swamps. The balance of probability, however, favours 
the idea that he chose the hills because they were better observation posts, 
the enemy being both man and beast. 

West of the Pennines was many a trackless morass, interspersed >vith 
great stretches of land covered wth forests and low-lying scrub. The brown 
bear, wild boar, stag, wolf, and reindeer found shelter (and to a con- 
siderable extent their food) in the forest, and man had to replenish his larder 
by trapping these wild animals by his superior cunning, rather than by the 
character of his weapons of offence, or the strength of his arm. 

*' The Children of the Night." 

Who was this nameless adventurer in our land ? What were his mental 
and physical characteristics ? 

Many ethnologists attach high value to these questions, holding that 
his influence upon our temperament, ways of thought, and stamina, were more, 



xiv. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

rather than less, than that of either, or both of the two immensely powerful 
Celtic invasions in which he was destined to be overwhelmed, and finally 
absorbed. In various parts of Great Britain (particularly in Derbyshire), 
and in Ireland (particularly in the westernmost counties), the scientific observer 
in pursuit of dolichocephalous types, has been struck by the survival of these 
characteristics — a people dark-skinned, dark-haired, dark-eyed, small in 
stature (perhaps no more than five feet two inches in the males, and four feet 
ten inches in the females), heads of a long, narrow shape, " strangely foreign 
looking." These were the distinguishing characteristics of the people, who 
were in sole occupation of Britain, at the period of the Stone Age. 

Ethnologically they are termed " Iberians." " We have found reasons 
to believe that the Iberians formed the primary stock from which the 
existing inhabitants of Great Britain and the West of Europe are derived " 
(Macnamara, "The Origin and Character of the British People," 1900, p. 60). 

In Lancashire, despite all the crossing, and intermixture, of the intervening 
years, the presence of these non-Aryan elements is affirmed, and it is assumed 
that they are recurring survivals, or reassertions, of the ancient stock, remnants 
of that short, and swarthy people, whose tribal names were equivalent, according 
to the ancient tales of Erin, to " Darkness," " Night," or " Mist." 

The Birth of CiviUsation. 

The people of the second great advance belonged to the Bronze Age. 
The men were tail, and fair, and large-hmbed. The women were well nourished. 
Their faces were distinguished by a heavy jaw, and a prominent chin. The 
skuU was of a round, short shape. Altogether, the new arrivals were of a type 
" that still prevails so largely among the modern inhabitants of Denmark 
and in the Wendish and Slovonian countries " (Elton, " Origins of English 
History," 1890, p. 140). 

Judging from the contents of their burial places in Yorkshire, their 
invasion of British territory was not regarded, by the earlier people in possession, 
as a disaster. The round barrows of this age, contain an almost equal propor- 
tion of long-shaped, and short-shaped skulls, while the evidence of inter-marriage, 
is found in the presence of skuUs that combine the features of both peoples. 

This second invasion of Britain is sometimes called " the van of the 
Aryan army," as combining elements of Scandinavian and Low German 
descent. But it is not a matter of any certainty that this second invasion 
was Aryan at all. If the earlier invasion suggested a link with the people 
who now inhabit the Basque provinces, this second invasion provided elements 
of affinity with the Finnic tribes, who were separated in history, blood, and 
speech from the bulk of the inhabitants of Europe. 

The question, however, cannot be discussed here. My purpose is largely 
served if, in the face of some of our historians, I show that, at the period of 
the Bronze Age, the people settled in the northern counties of England, were 
not mere savages, or a gathering of hunters and fishers, or yet a people in the 
pastoral or migratory stage. 

We have abundant evidence to show that they grew some kind of grain, 
lived in regular villages, owned flocks and herds, and knew enough about 
weaving to fabricate clothes of linen and wool. In a word, they had advanced 
towards the refinements of civilised life thus far, long years before either the 
descent of the Celtic hordes, or the arrival of the Romans. 

Waves of Invasion. 

The pressure always came from the east, or south-east. The people 
of Yorkshire, vanquished in their own territory, became the explorers and 
new settlers in Lancashire. 

At first the invader was probably of hke blood to his brother in possession. 



LANCASHIRE 



xr. 



He was the conqueror for no better reason than this — he had crossed " sand 
bridge " and sea, " burnt his boat," and must make himself a home. Then 
tlie invader was of wholly different race ; he came with the will to rule and 
the power to strike. Weapons of stone gave place to those of keener edge, 
of polished stone, of bronze, and lastly of iron. 

Nothing could withstand this new race, whose attack was made strong, 
not merely by a superiority of tools of conquest, but by a certain genius for 
military strategy, of which unity of action and the wild, sudden, tempestuous 
onrush upon one vulnerable point, were conspicuous features. 

The Coming of the Celt. 

The dominating stranger, who came with such a magnificent appreciation 
of his own proud destiny, was a Celt. Whether the westward trend of his 
footsteps was dictated by the superstition that was ripening in his blood, that 
he must ultimately reach the land where the Sun reposed at fall of day (just 
as other peoples sought his cradle in the east), whether he was animated by 
a love of conquest or adventure, or merely by curiosity (always in him a 
marked characteristic), or whether he moved westward because he m\i-,t 
move somewhere, and this was the line of the least resistance, it is not necessary 
here to attempt any enquiry or to hazard any guess. 

We are dealing with a period largely prior to the rise of authenticated 
history. What we do know is, that from the moment the Celts emerge into 
the light of history, their collective trend, omitting diversions southwards 
into Italy and Spain and one backward move when they established the little 
state of the Galatians in Asia Minor, was ever towards the west. "Going 
West " is a phrase still familiar on our tongue. It means now, what it meant 
then, a journey into realms unknown. 

The Fight for Existence. 

The fight for existence was insistent. The changing character of the 
animals, with which man had to do battle in that early day, is revealed in 
a passage of Poseidonius of Apamea, the most learned and influential Stoic. 
He is supposed to have visited Britain about lOO B.C. After saying that 
" we slept on the ground and took our meals seated on straw," he goes on 
regarding the inhabitants : " They live chiefly on milk and all kinds of flesh, 
that of the swine, which they eat both fresh and salted, being the most common. 
Their swine are kept in the fields and are of remarkable height, strength, and 
swiftness ; to persons unaccustomed to approach them, they are almost as 
dangerous as wolves." 

The Pig. 

In a savage state, the pig found his food round the feet of the great oak 
and among the scrub where the deadly rattlesnake lay in wait. A diet of 
acorns purifies and enriches the flesh, both the fat and the lean. The pig's 
swiftness in attack, his weight, length of leg and great strength enable us to 
appreciate the dangers of the chase, when man was equipped with no other 
weapon of attack than a stone hammer ; whilst his astonishing capacity for 
digesting, as a dainty morsel, that which would poison any other animal, 
helps us to realise the basis of that mingling of hostility and veneration for 
the pig which we find in all religions. That the flesh of the pig should be 
taboo in some families (" Black Pig " being another name for the devil), whilst 
with most people he should yield the most appetising diet (pork being the 
food of heroes and kings), can only be explained as one more link of common 
origin with the far-away East. 

The Tale of the Phoenician Sailors. 

Homer makes no mention of the Celts, but he provides another clue to 
the extent of his knowledge. Both the Greeks and the Romans were disposed 



xvi. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

to designate a people by the metal which their territory produced. The 
Greeks did not then know of " Britain," but the Phoenician sailors had made 
them acquainted with the Cassj terides, or " Tin Islands," and as this use of 
a Celtic word and reference to tin occurs both in the Homeric epic and in the 
name of many Celtic tribes, we have strong testimony pointing in one direction. 

The evidence, therefore, " seems to justify the view that in the ninth 
century B.C. the Gadhelic branch of the Celtic family was established in the 
British Isles and engaged in the production of tin " (Dinan, " Monumenta 
Historica Celtica," 1911, p. 3). 

We are in a region largely of guesswork when we attempt to determine 
the period when either of the two branches of the family of Celtica began to 
explore and conquer other parts of the Kingdom. There is not much reason 
to suppose that the Celts penetrated Lancashire, until several centuries after 
they had made their important conquests and discoveries in Cornwall, and the 
SciUy Isles. 

History is beginning to lift the veil from the past, when about the first 
century of the present era, we have the knowledge of Ptolemy, the geographer, 
that certain tribes of the numerous Brigantes had settlements on the upper 
banks of our three great waterways — the Mersey (called the Estuarj' Belisama 
from the name of a Gaulish goddess), the Ribble (Haven of the Setantii), and 
the Estuary Moricambe. 

Roman Strategy. 

The first Roman invasion of Britain was in 55 B.C., but not till nearly a 
century later did the subjugation of our people become a definite project. 
In Lancashire, the conquest was the work of Agricola, who, making use of the 
great estuaries, achieved successes, solely by reason of the mobility which our 
waterways gave him. 

Extolling the Roman. 

Historians full of enthusiasm for classic lore and strangely indifferent to 
the conspicuous heritage of their own blood, devote many eloquent pages to 
the beneficent work performed by the Romans in England. Never a word, 
however, regarding the reverse of the shield, the degrading laws affecting the 
status of woman for instance, which disfigured the statute book of our realm 
down to the last quarter of the Nineteenth Century, and of which even now, 
the spirit and often the letter of the old enactments remain. 

" The part played by the Celtic race . . . has been unduly obscured in 
popular thought." says Mr. T. W. Rolleston in his " Myths and Legends of 
the Celtic Race" (1911, p. vii.). How far that part has been "unduly 
obscured " a couple of examples from " popular thought " will show. 

Depreciating the Celt. 

James Croston, F.S.A., in a contribution to Richard Wright Procter's 
"Memorials of Manchester Streets" (1874), writes of "the half-savage 
dwellers of the ancient Mancenion " and of " the undisciplined valour " of men 
" who, if they knew not how to fight, knew at least how valiant men should die." 

Not know how to fight ! This, of a race whose genius for war was such, 
that at one time their territory extended from the Black Sea to the Atlantic 
Ocean, from the Baltic to the Straits of Gibraltar, a people who had formed 
an alliance with Alexander the Great in Greece, conquered the Etruscans in 
Italy, sacked Rome, and driven the Carthaginians from Spain ! 

The Celt's Fatal Deficiency. 

The Celt has grave deficiencies of character ; undisciplined valour, 
however, has never been one of them. The long and oft repeated folly of 



LANCASHIRE 



xvii. 



the Celt has been at least twofold — first, lack of cohesion in the hour of 
triumph, and second, a slavish dependence upon priestly counsels. Human 
nature could not have evolved two more deadly enemies, and again and again 
they have proved his undoing. If the Celt cannot trace the outline of an 
enemy on any horizon, he soon discovers (or fancies he has discovered) one 
within the circle of his own dun. And he has no armoury against the shaft 
of cunning — call it mysticism, wonder, charm, or superstition, as you will. 

The Old Tale Retold. 

Then we have Lieut. -Col. Henry Fishwick, in his otherwise admirable 
summary, " A History of Lancashire," adopting the time-honoured disparage- 
ment of the Celt. 

He tells us that Agricola made efforts to accustom the conquered race 
to the comforts and luxuries of Roman citizens, to build temples, houses, and 
baths. He sees Roman tradition in the beating of the parish bounds, the 
May Day festival, the marriage ring, the veil, the wedding gift, and even 
the cake. " Our funeral customs are also Roman — the cypress and the yew, 
the sprinkling of dust on the cof6n, the flowers on the grave, and the wearing 
of black clothes" (for which E. Sanderson's " History of England," p. 19, is 
quoted as authority). 

For nearly four centuries the Romans were in occupation, and at the 
close of that period, the Lancashire people " must have been a very different 
race, to those half-naked barbarians, who fought so desperately to defend 
their soil against the invading legions" (pp. 39, 40). And then, as a last 
shot, " although the ancient Briton was not quite an untutored savage," 
still, the Romans showed us how to make roads, build houses of stone, and 
much else besides. 



Conflicting Testimony. 

The contrast to this picture is found in the pages of those writers who, 
in repelling an outrageous libel, are in grave danger of lapsing into exaggeration, 
or positive error, on the other side. The fact is, we have no native record of 
Britain either prior to, or contemporaneous with, the Roman occupation. 
We must glean our information, therefore, from the pages of our enemy. 
Surely he will not be tempted to exalt us above our due ! 

Broken Swords from Celtic Cemeteries. 

Polybius, writing about 150 B.C., makes a great point of the inferior 
quality of the Celtic sword (a contradiction appears in his pages elsewhere, 
but this cannot be from the same hand). He, apparently, based his opinion 
on the information provided him by the Romans, who in ransacking Celtic 
cemeteries, dating in Cisalpine from 1000 B.C., were chagrined to find only 
bent swords. But bent swords have been dug up from Celtic graves in all 
parts of Europe, and archaeologists have proved them to be of excellent metal, 
the handles and lower portion of the blade being often decorated with beautiful 
enamels, a form of work quite unknown to the Romans. But why did the 
Celts inter a bent sword with their dead ? Probably for the same reason as 
required the Greeks to place broken vases beside their dead (Reinach, 
" L'Anthropologie," igo6, pp. 321-336), 

Our Priestly Masters. 

Caesar shows that in Britain we had judges and priests, and that these 
were our masters. They educated our youth, decided all controversies, public 
and private, and determined all questions of peace and war. Books wore 
used for every purpose, except — the exception is very noteworthy in relation 
to another aspect of our study — for the setting down of priestly precepts. 



xviii. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 



These were of too sacred a character to be recorded in any volume. The 
youth of Gaul came to Britain for Druidical learning. 

Extensive forests, mosses, and lakes impeded the Roman plans of conquest, 
but the conqueror found a people not only in the practice of agriculture along 
the sea front and far inland from the great watercourses, but shepherds 
tending their flocks on the mountain-side. 

*' Not quite a Savage " ! 

The " half-naked barbarian " had his kingdom divided into sections, 
which covered twenty-six of the present counties of England, together with 
smaller holdings, of which the boundaries were as well-known as " the marches 
of land " of a later day. 

And the " not quite a savage " was such an efficient mechanic, that he 
could put into the field as many as four thousand war chariots at one time. 
The war chariot, with its death-dealing revolving scythe, had an axle of yew, 
turned in a lathe and polished, while the ends were studded with precious 
stones. 

The Ritual of Great Days. 

It is true that our Celtic ancestor often discarded all clothing in prepara- 
tion for battle, but this course was dictated as much by ancient ritual, as far 
freedom of movement, amid our undergrowth of brambles. In times of peace, 
he wore a long sleeved waistcoat, trousers, and shoes ; his dress being completed 
by a loose robe called a saik, held by buttons about the neck, and round the 
body by a decorated girdle. 

Poseidonius was impressed with " the singularity " of the Celtic dress, 
particularly by the variegated flowers wrought on the tunics and the striped 
cloaks, richly ornamented with diamond-shaped floral patterns. He does 
not seem to have observed that we had not developed " stockens." Our 
need, however, was not so urgent. Not for a long time did we take to breeches 
that ended at the knee. 

Rings and Gold Chains. 

Men of station were distinguished by long gold chains, hanging from the 
neck and over the chest, and by rings which were worn on the middle or second 
finger of both hands. The hair was turned back over the crown of the head, 
where it fell in long curls below the neck. Beards were generally eschewed, 
but he moustache was permitted to grow to an inordinate length. A weirdly 
savage expression was thereby imparted to the face, and therein the fashion 
fulfilled its purpose. 

The Social Distinctions of Celtica. 

When, however, we are told that the ancient Briton lived in a mean hut, 
or cabin, constructed of hurdles, liberally daubed with clay and lime, Caesar's 
testimony is worthy of remembrance. He found the dwellings of as good a 
standard as those of Gaul. Both Caesar and Strabo recognised in all Celtic 
communities the existence of a sharp social distinction between the priests 
and the nobles on the one hand, and the common people on the other — between 
the true Celts, and the aboriginal populations subdued by them. 

The great houses were constructed of stone, arched timbers, and a heavy 
thatch. If there were any " meanness," therefore, it was only by contrast 
with the lavish splendour of the palaces of the City of the Seven Hills. 

The Romans had drinking vessels of silver and gold. The Briton made 
his of tin, or brass lined with tin. To the Romans, butter was a revelation 
of the cunning of the British dairy, a substance " of the nature of oil." The 
quern, or hand-mill, for grinding corn, was famiUar to the Briton, but not so 



LANCASHIRE »x. 



the water-wheel which the Romans introduced. The grinding of corn was 
the occupation of women. Cakes were baked on hot stones called gredioh, 
or griddles. There is reason for believing that every village had its public 
odyen, or oven, for the baking of loaves. 

The Site of a Great City. 

In Lancashire, the big centres of population stand to-day very near the 
spots where they stood before the first Roman set foot on the land. A chief- 
tain's house was usually established on an elevated situation, overlooking a 
river lying to the south — the elevation as a look-out station, the river as an 
impediment to attack, looking towards the south, in order that the sun, 
casting its rays through the wide open casement, should heat the earthen 
floor, and leave an atmosphere of warmth for the succeeding night. The 
junction of two streams was a highly appreciated site for a settlement — hence 
Manchester " a spacious, rich, and populous Inland Town. . . . Situate upon 
a Rocky Clif, at the confluence of the Rivers Irk, and Irwell," to quote the 
legend at the foot of the panoramic view prepared by the Messrs. Samuel 
and Nathaniel Buck, and dated 1728.* 

Where Authorities Differ. 

Where authorities differ, the dispassionate reader usually concludes 
that the truth lies somewhere midway between the two extremes. In this 
instance, I venture to think, he will be wider of the mark than either of those 
whom he would thus correct. 

The Roman testimony is indisputable. When it is in apparent conflict, 
two entirely different grades of social life in Britain are meant. The proba- 
bihty is that the culture and comfort of the dominating Celt were as repre- 
sented, and that the mean conditions, under which the subject people lived, 
were not seriously exaggerated. 

The Development of Spiritual Faith. 

The principle of evolution is that development is a process so gradual 
as to be practically imperceptible. Changes are never violent. The old 
gives place to the new. Only when we come to compare results from widely 
separated epochs are we made conscious of the operation of the inevitable 
law of progression. I am satisfied that the principle which governs evolution 
in the organic world operates with equal force in the more or less impalpable 
world of faith and morals. 

The Right Hon. J. M. Robertson says : "No historical principle is better 
established than this, that all historic religions run into and derive from some 
other religions ; the creeds of all mankind being simply phases of a continuous 
evolution " (" Pagan Christs," 1911, p. 284). 

Orthodoxy, on the other hand, looks usually for a definite cleavage — a 
date, in short, for the breaking away of the new from the old. Thus : " The 
exact date of the introduction of Christianity into Lancashire is unknown " 
(Fishwick, ibid., p. 17). 

The Tradition of Apostolic Men in Britain. 

Dean Spence (Jones), of Gloucester, in his " History for the People," 
alludes to the strange obstinacy of the tradition of the Church, that the faith 
first reached Britain at the hands of " men who came from Jerusalem or 
Ephesus — from men who had listened to the voice of John " (" The Church 

* If the site is old, the name suggests a venerable antiquity. Mancenion, "the place 
of tents on the plain," or " the place of encampment at the beginning of the plain," 
i.e. a plain that, beginning here, covers a large portion of South Lancashire and the 
adjoining territory of Cheshire, became, under Latin influence, Mancunium or 
Mamucium, converted by the Saxons into Manige-ceaster, whence our present name. 



XX. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

of England," 1897, Vol. I., p. 15). There is, however, no evidence to support 
the " strangely obstinate " tradition, and in the opinion of scholars like Haddan 
and Stubbs, " the statements respecting apostles or apostolic men preaching 
in Britain in the first century, rest upon guess, mistake, or fable " (" Councils," 
I., 22). The plea for British Christianity is also pronounced unhistorical. 
Not till the third century have we any sure ground. Then we find that Mello, 
a British Christian, was Bishop of Rouen, between the years 256 and 314, 
and that in the latter year, the Council of Aries was attended by Bishops 
from York, London, and Cserleon. In the year 325 the British Church assented 
to the conclusions of the Council of Nicaea. 

The historians of Lancashire assume that they are on safe ground, 
therefore, in beginning their religious narrative with the martyrdom of St. 
Alban, in the year 304, though it be true that, not till after the year 386, do 
we find records of an established Christian Church in Britain, " holding the 
Catholic Faith and keeping up an intercourse with Rome and Palestine " 
{ibid., I., 10). 

The Alliance with Druidism. 

The " historical principle," however, to which Mr. Robertson alludes, 
nowhere finds a better illustration than in Britain, where Paganism and 
Christianity were originaUy linked in close organic unity. To quote Dean 
Spence again ; " Another curious and interesting fact in connection with 
these early memories of the Church in Britain is its cordial alliance with the 
native Druidism — that strange, mystic faith with which the first missionaries 
must have come into daily contact. A kind of alliance seems to have existed 
between Christianity and Druidism ; the Christian teachers evidently took 
possession of the holy places of the island, consecrating them to a new and 
better worship " {ibid., p. 15). 

Mithraism. 

The confusion, of which Dean Spence is only partly conscious, becomes 
the worse confounded when we pick up out of the historic dust of Lancashire,* 
Cumberland, and Yorkshire (not to mention the discoveries in other parts of 
the country), the evidence of the worship of Mithra in Roman Britain. The 
alliance of Druidism with Christianity, to which he bears witness, is not a 
whit more remarkable than the affinity of Mithraism to Christianity. 

In the worship of Mithra, Sunday was " the Lord's Day." Christmas 
and Easter were occasions of high festival. The Last Supper was an honoured 
celebration. The Resurrection, the " Rock," the judgment of the dead, the 
limitation of the priesthood to one marriage, were features of the faith. In 
truth, the likenesses were so persistent, that the passions of Justin Martyr 
and TertuUian were inflamed. The religion which came out of Persia, and 
showed an inspiration from Mesopotamia and India, they described as the 
work of " wicked devils." 

How great, or how sHght, the hold Mithraism had attained upon the men 
of the higher command in Roman Lancashire, it is almost impossible for us 
now to hazard more than a guess, though Elton learns " from sculptured 
tablets, and from inscriptions and symbols on tombs, that Mithraism, at 
one time, prevailed extensively in this country " (Elton, ibid., p. 337). 

** A Sort of Freemasonry." 

The cult, however, was never destined to survive conflict with Chris- 
tianity. Its esoteric character rendered it unintelligible to the masses ; besides, 
it was, as Mr. Robertson has said, " a sort of Freemasonry," not knowing, 
at the moment of penning that apt description, that Renan had already so 

* See Canon (Bishop) Hicks' " Mithras Worship," 1909. Reprinted from " The 
Roman Fort at Manchester." 



LANCASHIRE xxi. 



expressed himself. Freemasonry does not leave behind any open page 
recording numbers, progress, or influence. It is not, however, an unfair 
assumption from the facts before us (first), that Mithraism and Druidism 
left an abiding impression upon classes of the highest rank, and (second), 
accustomed the minds of the people to doctrines, festivals, and ritual, that 
were no longer novel, or remarkable, when the first recognised Christian 
bishops began their work in Britain. 

The Recognition of Christianity. 

" Christianity was not recognised as the religion of the State until the 
proclamation in a.d. 324, by which Constantine exhorted his subjects to 
follow their Emperor's example in abandoning the error of paganism ; but 
it had been tolerated, with few intermissions, from the time when Hadrian 
had found a kindly excuse for the Christians by confusing them with the 
worshippers of his favourite Serapis " (Elton, ibid., p. 335). 

The Roman Decline. 

The decline of the Roman power began to be definitely experienced in 
Lancashire about the middle of the fourth century. The supposedl}' impas- 
sable barriers, erected by Agricola, Hadrian, and Severus, consisting of a 
ditch lying between an earthen rampart and a stone wall, and extending from 
sea to sea, did not stem the invading hosts of Caledonia. By a.d. 368 the 
Picts and Scots had reached the Metropolis. 

Fresh Roman legions were sent hither, and, under Theodosius, the invaders 
were driven back north of the Clyde. As the country was re-conquered, 
fortresses on the line of march were repaired. This success afforded only 
temporary relief. The moment the Imperial troops slackened their grip upon 
the land, the Caledonians renewed their attack in force, and by the year 410, 
when Rome had called back all her troops, and with them the flow^er of native 
manhood enlisted under her banners, the British were at the mercy of their 
enemies. 

The Saxon Invasion. 

The Britons, in their extremity, besought the aid of certain Teutonic 
tribes, known to the Romans as the Jutes, the Saxons, and the Angles. The 
help was forthcoming, but the Britons found, all too soon, that they had but 
changed their conquerors. The Teutons, who spoke of themselves as English- 
men, accomplished a double task — they subdued both Briton and Caledonian. 
Lancashire fell into the hands of the invaders, the Angles presumably, about 
A.D. 488, with the seizure of the fortress at Castlefield, Manchester, 

King Arthur in Lancashire. 

To this conflict between the Briton and the foreign usurper belongs the 
gracious and winning story of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round 
Table. King Arthur is supposed to have united many British tribes, and in 
resisting the invaders to have fought no fewer than twelve great battles on 
the River Douglas, near Wigan. 

Alas ! the Saxon Chronicle is silent, not merely as to the King's valour 
in battle, but even as to his existence. What we do find, however, is the 
legend of a noble champion among all the peoples of the Brithonic branch of 
the Celtic race, extending from the Lowlands of Scotland in the north, to 
Brittany in the south, but most of all, among the people of Wales and Cornwall. 
Everywhere the god, king, knight, or champion fulfils exactly parallel functions 
to those of Finn and Ossian among the Goidelic, or Gaelic branch of the Celtic 
race inhabiting Ireland, Man, and the West Highlands of Scotland. 



xxij. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 



Myth is an Expression of Fact. 

The conclusion is irresistible. Every myth is an expression of fact, the 
moment we possess the key to the mystery. The legend of King Arthur is not 
history, as we understand the term, and yet, it is a tale of historic significance, 
as well as an enrichment of our literature. 

The Arthur of Wales had no more corporeal existence than say Cuchulainn 
of Ireland, or Mananan of Man. Each conception had a common genesis, 
the personality of the god and the abilities of the warrior being moulded, from 
age to age, by the habits, character, experiences, aspirations, and the con- 
figuration of the country of the people bearing the burden of the tale in their 
blood. 

i^thelburga*s Missionary Zeal. 

The spoil was to the victors. In the redistribution of the land the fate 
of Lancashire is obscure. Some historians adduce reasons for the belief that 
the kingdom of Strathclyde extended southward to the Mersey, and possibly 
as far as the Dee. Equally sound reasons might be quoted to show that 
Lancashire was within the kingdom of Deira. The truth probably is that 
the boundaries were not very clearly defined and that even when they were 
known, authority weakened as it reached the limits. 

There is no doubt, however, that at about the beginning of the seventh 
century, Lancashire was included in the kingdom of Northumbria. The fact 
has a special significance inasmuch as it was ^thelburga, a Queen in North- 
umbria, a daughter of Bertha, the spouse of Athelbert, King of Kent, who, 
sharing the zeal of her mother, introduced Christianity into these northern 
lands. A conquest was made of the King and then, the Queen's missionary 
efforts being sustained by the earnestness of her father-confessor, Paulinus, a 
follower of Augustine, the King's Council were won over. Ultimately, North- 
umbria became " the literary centre of the Christian world in Western 
Europe " (Green, " History of the English People," pp. 36-39). 

Upon the success of ^thelburga's well-laid plans, conflict ensued — with 
the friend within, with the stranger without, and victory fell now to the pagan, 
now to the Christian. For years we have " only a wild story of lawlessness 
and bloodshed." 

The Viking Invasion. 

Egbert came to an arrangement with the Northumbrian nobles in 827, 
and this compact gave some promise of settled government. The ostensible 
unity of the land, from the British Channel to the Forth, into one kingdom, 
did not prevail, however, against the marauding expeditions of an immense 
fleet of sea-pirates hailing from Denmark. The object and plan of these 
forays bore a strong resemblance to the attacks made by the Frisians, begin- 
ning in the sixth century and extending down to the middle of the eighth 
century. The decline of the Frisians was apparently the signal for the rising 
of the Danes. Not, however, until a date later than the middle of the ninth 
century did the much-daring, Scandinavian sea-dogs establish, on the basis 
of their successes, any actual claim to the ownership of English soil. 

A Viking expedition to France in 841, ravaged the valley of the Seine 
as far as Rouen. In 866, Charles the Bald bribed a large Danish force to leave 
him in peace. The adventurers sailed away, and after making " England's 
Nose," they determined upon another field of conquest and revenge. They 
established themselves in East Anglia, and next year, as soon as the conditions 
favoured the operations, they crossed the Humber and achieved a notable 
victory near the City of York, the quarrels of /Elle and Osberht as to the 
kingship of Northumbria making their conquest the easier. Adversity healing 
the differences of rival kings with no throne, the two claimants made common 



LANCASHIRE xxiii. 



cause against the intruders. Their opportunity, however, had passed ; the 
Danes under Ivarr, the Boneless, and Ubbi, held possession of the field at 
the end of the day. 

With Northumbria in their hands, Mercia made submission. The Danes 
next met the forces of Edmund in East Anglia, but whether the King was 
slain in battle, or suffered a later martyrdom is uncertain ; all the same 
Europe rang with the cruel infamy of Ivarr as the aggressor. 

The Ransom of London. 

Success followed upon the heels of success, and London was compelled to 
ransom itself at a price. Meanwhile, other Scandinavian forces were at work 
on the Western coast. From the Orkneys to Dubhn Bay, " the Sea Kings " 
were in possession. In England, Alfred commenced his heroic struggle imme- 
diately he possessed the power (871). By " the Peace of Wedmore," 
Gunthrum, the King of the Danes in East Anglia, agreed to respect the 
boundary line of Alfred's kingdom which ran from the estuary of the Thames 
along the River Lea to Bedford, and thence to Stony Stratford, 

We are not so closely concerned with the subsequent era of warfare. 
Sufficient for us is the outstanding fact that not until the male line in descent 
from Cnut (Old Norse, Kniitr) became extinct, in 1042, was Danish rule in 
England ended. In the Battle of Stamford Bridge in 1066 there died the 
last hope of a Scandinavian kingship either in, or over, any part of England. 

The Black and White Strangers in Lancashire. 

For two hundred years the invaders had been a great force in the land, 
and it is interesting to observe how, in the passage of time, they had come 
to identify themselves closely with the main current of English interests. 
On occasion they could be more English than the English themselves. The 
Scandinavian kingdom of Northumbria may have extended no further south 
than the Wyre. AH the same, South Lancashire was included in the conquest, 
and the only question is, whether the Viking warriors who had established their 
authority further south were of Norse or Danish blood — or even Icelandic,, 
as is, sometimes, rather fancifully suggested. 

Robbers AU. 

The old monkish chroniclers made no attempt at distinguishing between 
the Dane and the Norwegian. To them the invaders were, one and all, pagans 
and robbers ; nay, worse, inasmuch as they ruthlessly destroyed every Christian 
emblem and institution which came their way. Now, on the other hand, 
the Irish annalists were clear in their definition of the two peoples. The 
Dane was a Dubh-Gael, that is, a dark or black stranger, or foreigner ; the 
Norwegian a Finn-Gael, a fair or white stranger, or foreigner. Upon what 
was this distinction based ? Not upon any ethnographical difference. Perhaps 
it had some reference to their armour, their equipment, the colour of the sails 
they bore on their ships, or to some device emblazoned thereon. Further 
than that we cannot go. 

Following upon " the Peace of Wedmore," Northumbrian coins have 
come down to us bearing both inscriptions, " Elfred rex " and " Cnut rex," 
suggesting that the Danes recognised the over-lordship of Alfred. From the 
Preston hoard, however, we have other coins telling quite a different tale. 
These lead us to suppose that at this same period the Norsemen in the Kingdom 
of DubUn were successfully asserting their predominance. We cannot say, 
therefore, which of the two branches of the invading host was paramount in 
Lancashire. 



xxiv. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

The Gift of Government. 

What matter ? It would be easy to exaggerate the value of any distinc- 
tion drawn between two peoples bearing the closest racial affinity. " North- 
men " we called them all, and robbers, by the ways of the sea, they were, 
•without exception. And yet, though they could relinquish agriculture when 
the sea called and a love of adventure prompted, returning, admittedly, " to 
piracy as a fish to the sea," we are bound to recognise, that once firmly estab- 
lished in the seat of authority, they displayed a gift for government of the 
very highest order. 

The inspiration of all their acts was found in an immense wealth of 
religious tradition and mythical lore, all of which made for that " rude greatness 
of soul," of which Carlyle so ecstatically speaks (" On Heroes and Hero 
Worship," 1840). Daring was idolised, women were elevated to a high niche, 
children were brought up in ways that made for beauty and courage. If the 
priest fared badly at their hands, regard him for a moment from their point 
of view. They were not to be estranged from the ways of their fathers at 
the sight of a hooded figure, the sound of a bell, and the vision of a flickering 
taper. Land and sea and a woman's heart, afforded them the only conquests 
of which they knew, or cared — the scent of the soil, the swish of the sea. the 
secret of a sigh. 

The Spiritual Compromise. 

Towards the close of the Viking period, however, a compromise was 
becoming inevitable. The sea warriors accepted baptism, sometimes more 
than once, and yet they yielded not one iota of their faith in Thor. They 
simply showed their willingness to add one more god to their, by no means 
empty, Pantheon. A profession of Christianity did not alter the Viking's 
way of life. A bargain had been struck. Upon enlistment under the banner 
of a Christian king, the sign of the Cross was made over him. The process of 
priestly sanctification was once an offence, met by a blow, or the spilling of 
blood. A middle course was found ; the pagan salved his conscience by 
expressing his determination to adhere to that God which proved himself the 
most powerful in battle. 

War, however, has many vicissitudes, and sometimes the heads of two 
armies, ranged in bitter conflict, were of the same faith, though each might 
accuse the other. A real compromise was reached by the subtlety of Christian 
saints. By it the Northern pagan accepted the White Christ without any 
further demur, though no diminution in the status of Thor was expressed or 
implied thereby ; the Christian accepted the pagan's Sun festivals without 
any weakening of grace, by virtue of the sacrifice of the Cross. 

Perhaps the Christian made the better bargain. He embraced the 
shadow, a mere date, but rejected the substance — that for which the date 
stood. For instance, while his pagan neighbour was holding high festival 
on the anniversary of the Goddess Estre, as symbolical of the uprising of all 
nature at the birth of new life in spring, the Christian was celebrating the 
anniversary of the Resurrection of Jesus from the dead. Consciences on both 
sides were appeased, though perhaps none were satisfied by this cunning 
but transparent device. By it, however, we have a permanent memorial 
of the Scandinavian occupation of Britain, engrafted upon our Christian 
calendar. 

The Northman's Code of Honour. 

The Northmen had a very definite code of honour. They might pillage 
the homes of a people whom they had conquered and scattered, but it 
remained a grievous fault on the part of any man to come in secret and steal 
his neighbour's goods, or take his wife and children prisoners. 



LANCASHIRE xxv. 



No warrior must show fear. He must never turn his back on an assailant 
of hke power and hke arms. He must never bind a wound till the same hour 
of the day next following. He must slander no man by a word he would 
hesitate to publish before his face. A brother's cause must be his own. 
Charity was a custom, rather than a virtue. 

♦' Wapentake." 

In the Isle of Man there reaches us across a period of a thousand years 
the flavour of a great personality, Godred Crovan, called Orry, or Gorry the 
King. This line of " Kings of Man and the Isles," which began in the ninth 
century, did not terminate till 1266. In Lancashire, the inspiration of a great 
hero is missing ; instead, we think we can discern, through the haze of years — 
is it more than a fancy ? — a government of our ancient " Hundreds," upright 
in character, broad in sympathy, democratic in essential spirit. The vague 
impression that floats down the ages, that Lancashire enjoyed, thus early 
in its history, a civil procedure approximating to that established under 
Edward III., is sustained in the fact (first) that the use of the Danish term 
" Wapentake," as appHed to the Court of the hundred, or shire, was continued 
with us long after the Conquest, and (second) that the JudicatureActs of 1873-1876 
left us such ancient tribunals as the Borough Court of Preston, the Court 
of Passage of Liverpool, and the Hundred Court of Salford. (By the same 
measure the Court of Common Pleas at Lancaster and the Admiralty Court 
at Liverpool were transferred to London.) 

The Court of Passage. 

In estimating our indebtedness to the Scandinavian invasion, the history' 
and constitution of the Court of Passage of Liverpool, i.e. the Court of the Passage 
from England to Ireland, is not unworthy of more detailed mention, inasmuch as 
the tribunal appears to owe its origin to a date long anterior to the grant by 
King John of the Charter of 1207 ; probably to the era of the Norse kingdom 
of Dublin. Originally the presiding justice appears to have been the elder 
man. At the creation of the borough, the office naturally devolved upon 
the Mayor for the time being. With the growth of the trade of the port with 
Ireland, technicalities arose touching questions of liability, navigation, etc. 
Two assistants were appointed to help the Mayor. Then one assessor was 
found sufficient and the Mayor attended only at the opening and close of a 
cause. Next the assessor was a lawyer and the Mayor attended only at the 
opening of the court each day. Before many years this perfunctory observ- 
ance was limited to one attendance, viz., at the first sitting of the court m 
every year. And now, this shadow of the historic past has disappeared, and 
the lawyer-assessor is " presiding judge." 

The area of jurisdiction includes the town of Liverpool (there is a slight 
element of doubt if it covers an extended boundary) and the limits of high 
water. Warrington might be included under this definition, but custom has 
been long satisfied \nth Runcorn as the boundary line inland, and the Red 
Stones, at Hoylake, seawards. The Lord Mayor still includes in his regalia 
a silver oar as one of the svinbols of his office. 

Our Everyday Speech Enriched. 

The evidences of the Scandinavian settlement in Lancashire are to be 
found, also, in many of our place-names. The termination by meaning town, 
or village, is Danish rather than Norse. Dale meaning valley, is not so sure 
a guide, but bee meaning brook, fell meaning mountain, force meaning 
waterfall, ghyl or gill meaning glen with a stream, or tarn meaning small 
lake, are sure guides. 

Our everyday speech would become stilted if not impossible. Prof. Alien 



xxvi. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 



Mawer, M.A., in a scholarly treatise, points out : "To Scandinavian influence 
we owe the pronouns tfiey, them and their, the adjectives same and both, the 
fro, in to and fro, and possibly the auxiliary are and the preposition till. These 
last are found in the Northumbrian dialect of Old Enghsh,but their widespread 
use is probably due to Scandinavian influence. In addition to these we may 
note the following : — 

"Verbs: Bait, bask, batten, call, cast, dawn, droop, drown, gain, gabble, 
ransack, scare, scour, scrape, skim, skip, squeal, stint, take. 

" Nouns : Anger, billow, boon, dusk, fellow, gait, grime, haven, husband, 
husk, husting, scull, scurf, skill, skin, skirt, sky, window. 

" Adjectives : Awkward, ill, odd, rotten, scant, sly, ugly, weak, and a good 
many words in which Scandinavian forms have replaced the cognate Enghsh 
ones, e.g. aloft, athwart, awe, birth, egg, get, gift, give, guest, raid, sister, swain, 
Thursday " (" The Vikings," 1913, pp. 130-131). 

Better, however, than any list of words is the first clause of the Lord's 
Prayer, as showing what our English tongue looked hke at about the beginning 
of the ninth century : — 

"Faeder ure thu the eart in heofenum. Si thin nama gehalgod, 
to-be-come thin rice. Geweorhte thin willa on eorthan, swa 
swa on heofenum." 

This was the precious foundation which Alfred preserved to us, and 
upon which Enghshmen, during ten centuries, have reared so noble a 
structure. 

The Norman Conques^. 

The Norman Conquest which next followed (1066) affected Lancashire 
from above, rather than from below, in the ownership of the soil, the aspect 
of government, and the status, rather than the actual blood, of the people. 
Our speech was smoothed and beautified, but we showed our usual eagerness 
for the short cut, by snapping up a number of dialect words. The higher 
ranks of our Norman conquerors had preserved, like a legacy of Denmark, 
their home land, these appellatives, of which abet, baggage, elope, equip, jolly, 
rubbish, scoop, and strife are examples of present-day utility. 

No ** Lancashire " in Domesday. 

The name Lancashire does not appear in the Domesday Survey ; the 
land south of the Ribble was included in the County of Chester, while all 
north of that dividing line was linked up with Cumberland, Westmorland, 
and Yorkshire. 

The Palatine Earldom of Chester was one of the four great creations of 
William on the frontiers. Cheshire included not only the large and important 
shce of the lands north of the Mersey, which we now denominate " Industrial 
Lancashire," but, in addition, the lower parts of Flint and Denbigh, as far 
as the Conway River. Cheshire, indeed, was like a little kingdom, both in 
area and government. It had its own Courts and its own Parliament. Writs 
ran in the name of the Earl, and offences were against the peace of the Earl, 
not of the King. Not till three centuries later did Lancashire attain anything 
approaching like government. By this time the privileges of Chester were 
largely merged in the Crown. 

The Birth of the County. 

At the time of the great survey, Roger de Poictu had lost his lands to 
the King. In subsequent years, however, he not only regained his lands, but 
succeeded in adding to them so substantially, that for a certain period he 
owned all that we now know as Lancashire. In 1102 he forfeited his possessions 



LANCASHIRE xxviL 



to Henry I. Sixteen years later the King created the honour of Lancaster 
and, adding escheated manors in Nottingham, Derby, and Lincoln thereto, 
together with certain royal manors, conferred the dignity upon his nephew 
Stephen. 

The natural geographical division of Lancashire obtrudes itself in nearly 
all these transactions. David, King of the Scots, received Cumberland, most 
of Westmorland, the whole of Furness, and possibly all Lancashire north of 
the Ribble ; the Earl of Chester attaining to all south of that line. 

The Earldom of Lancaster. 

Henry H. next gave the honour to William, but it was once more in the 
King's hands from 1164 till 1189, when Richard L made gift to his brother 
John. On John's rebellion, five years later, the Crown again took possession, 
and the honour so remained till 1267. The crown demesne, south of the 
Ribble, was vested in the Earl of Chester from 1229 till 1232. On the death 
of the Earl, it passed to William Ferrers, Earl of Derby, in right of his wife 
Agnes, but on the Earl's rebellion, Henry HL created his son Edmund, Earl 
of Lancaster (1267). 

By the marriage of Thomas, the second Earl, with Alice, the heiress of 
Henry de Lacy, the Earldom of Lincoln became merged in the greater house 
of Lancaster, and with it all the rich lands of the Lacy family in Lancashire. 

The First Duke of Lancaster. 

Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, was executed for treason at Pontefract (1322). 
He was succeeded by his brother Henry, whose son Henry (called Wryneck) 
became, in acknowledgment of his great military sf 'ices, the first Duke of 
Lancaster (1351). 

Blanche, the daughter of the first Duke, married on the 19th of May, 
1359, her cousin, John of Gaunt, the fourth son of Edward HL There was 
an elder daughter of " the good Duke of Lancaster." She married the Duke 
of Bavaria. Upon the death of the Duchess, John of Gaunt came into pos- 
session of the united estates of his father-in-law, and in the right of his \nfe 
he became Earl of Lancaster (1361). In the succeeding year the King cele- 
brated his fiftieth birthday. He marked the event by advancing John to the 
dignity of Duke of Lancaster (1362). Lionel, the King's third son and John's 
elder brother, was made Duke of Clarence. Thus was estabUshed the rival 
houses of Lancaster and York, out of which ultimately arose contending 
claimants to the throne. 

The son of the union of Blanche, daughter of the tirst Duke, with John 
of Gaunt, was Henry of Bolingbroke. His first marriage was with Mary, one 
of the co-heiresses of the de Bohuns of Hereford, Essex, and Northampton. 
Upon the accession of Henry IV., the estates of the Duke of Lancaster became 
the possession of the king, but were to be held as a separate inheritance and 
were not to be merged in the possessions of the Crown. Edward IV. made 
this final and absolute by an Act of 1461. 

The Rise of the Towns. 

The ebb and flow of the fortune of the governing caste have a very direct 
bearing upon this slender ethnological study. The dates next foUo^ving 
bear witness. The rise of the towns dates from the close of the twelfth century. 
Cartmel is believed to have had its market under Henry II. Preston was 
probably a free borough some years before King John made his grant to 
Lancaster in 1199. Thereafter followed : Liverpool,* 1207 ; Salford, 1230 ; 

* Lyrpole, Lirpoole, Lyverpole, Litherpoole, Leorpool, Lerpoole, Leverpole, and 
Leverpoole. Many explanations are given of the origin and meaning : from liverwort, 
or seaweed, a hepatic drug ; from liver, a bird that is supposed to have frequented the 
" pool," which extended, at one time, from the foot of Shaws Brow or William Brown 



xxviii. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

Wigan, 1246 ; Manchester, 1301. Further charters were granted by Henry III. 
to Preston and Liverpool in 1227. 

Origin of the Palatinate. 

The tradition of courts before the Conquest has been alluded to. 
Edward III. either transformed these traditions into a vivid reality, or made 
an entirely new precedent, when, in 135 1, the Duke of Lancaster received power 
to issue writs under his own seal and the office of Chancellor was called into 
being. The Palatinate was originally for the period of his son John of Gaunt's 
life (1377). These privileges were next extended and settled in perpetuity on 
the Dukes of Lancaster (1396). The Chancery dates from 1376 (or earlier), 
the Duchy court from 1407, each with its own seal. The Chancery of the 
Duchy, in which is vested all matters touching the revenue and dignities of 
the Duchy, has fallen into desuetude, and is now practically obsolete. 

The Black Death. 

The development of the county has encountered many a serious set-back. 
The persistent warfare between England and Scotland, which began under 

Street, by way of Whitechapel, Paradise Street, and the Custom House to the river ; 
from Litherpoole, meaning lower-pool as Litherland means lower-land. Two of these 
definitions do not embrace the tradition of the bird, and the definition which does so has 
resort to a species that is extinct. In fact, we can find no trace that any such bird ever 
did exist. I revert, therefore, to the accent, sound, and spelling for the key, to custom 
for confirmation. 

In Liverpool all pepper-corn rents due to the Corporation, are payable on the Festival 
of St. John. The name John was given to the Baptist in accordance with Divine 
direction ; it was probably assumed by the Evangelist, in lieu of his birth name, as a 
token of his sacred call. The rule of taking a name is part of the ritual of Christian 
baptism, and the custom also flourishes amongst the adherents of Mohammed. 

" The word John combines the idea of the sun, of the dove, and the tenderness of a 
loving mother " (Inman, " Ancient Faiths," Vol. I., pp. 26-30). 

In art, the Evangelist is represented in lines of beauty, usually with little or no trace 
of a beard, always in association with a bird, presumably a dove. Many painters have 
portrayed him as the favoured apostle, resting his head on the shoulder of the Master. 
In old age the Evangelist bears a beard, and the bird is an eagle (see Revelation iv. 7 ; 
also Dr. Budge, " The Gods of the Egyptians " Vol. I., p. 5). Confusion between the 
Baptist and the Evangelist, by reason of the significance of their common name, seems 
to have been inevitable. For instance, the Evangelist was given the appellation of 
" Divine," inasmuch as he was cherished above all other apostles, yet, to the Baptist 
was given the Midsummer Festival, June 24th, the most important date of the pagan 
calendar, next after December 25th, the first day of the New Year. 

Throughout Europe we have the old pagan legend of a great King bemoaning the fate 
of his four children, who, under the spell of enchantment, are required to pass centuries 
in the form of swans. Grimm recounts a Teutonic version ; it is a treasured feature of 
Irish mythology. The symbolism to the Sun and the four quarters of the year is 
sufficiently obvious. 

In Lancashire, the Druids made us familiar with the festival of the King of the 
Heavens, and celebrated it on June 24th, or July 5th, by the present calendar (see Hone's 
" Every Day Book "). Celtic mythology told us the legend of Lyr (Lir. or Ler — Lear 
is the Shakesperian spelling), the Ocean God, whose four daughters (or three daughters 
and one son, i.e. " Mananan mac y Lyr " according to another version of the same tale) 
were required by a stepmother to bathe in a pool, whereupon she struck the water with 
a rod of enchantment, and, lo! the children of the King were all swans. The old super- 
stition against killing a swan (lest it should incorporate the living presence of Fionnula, 
Aodh, Fiacra, or Conn) is recognised throughout Europe to this day. The name Lyr-pool 
may sustain, therefore, one of the oldest traditions in the world. The eagle and the dove, 
seem to have been combined to represent either equally, while the sprig of clover born© 
in the bill, may be no more than a comparatively recent borrowing from the incident of 
Noah and the Ark. All the evidence points in one direction and, it is not without 
significance, that the church which stood on the high ground at the head of the " Pool," 
wcis dedicated to St. John (see paragraphs headed " Robbers All," " Wapentake," and 
*' The Court of Passage " ; also Elton's " Origins," p. 279 ; D'Arbois de Jubainville's 
" Irish Mythological Cycle " ; Dr. Douglas Hyde's " Story of Early Gaelic Literature" ; 
Standish O'Grady's " History," p. 109, etc. Further, before the church was built la 
1783, the site was a great holiday or fair ground, often called "The Great Heath." 



LANCASHIRE 



XXIX. 



Edward I. in 1296, and continued through a considerable portion of the 
succeeding century, is a page of general history. The tax upon the manhood 
of the country, particularly of the northern counties, was nowhere more 
seriously felt than in Lancashire. The Black Death, particularly the 
pestilence of 1349-1350, completed the desolation of the country-side. 

Edward III. and France. 

The Crusades, too, were responsible for an ingathering of men from 
Lancashire. Many men. also, fell in the conflict which ensued upon the 
claim of Edward IIL to the French throne. There was, however, another 
side to the picture of loss. 

The Flemish Invasion. 

A peaceful invasion of Lancashire is attributed to the reign of Edward IIL 
If the invasion took place, probably no one, the far-sighted King included, 
was gifted with such prevision as to foresee its ultimate importance ; if it did 
not take place, not only is a pretty story lost to us, but the historian is hard 
pressed to find an answer to that question with which I began — " Why is so 
large a share of England's industrial activities centred in Lancashire ? " 

Curiously enough, the reputed invaders were again Celts — descendants of 
like blood to those Belgic tribes that invaded Britain before the present era. 
No armed host ever accomplished half so much. This is the story : — 

Naboth's Vineyard. 

Beginning about the tenth century, successive Counts of Flanders had 
promoted both religion and trade among their people, and the country was 
now gathering a rich harvest from the field of their rulers' discriminating 
sowing. Ghent, Arras, Courtrai, Rousselaere, Valenciennes, Cassel, Tournai, 
Lille, St. Omer, Ypres, and Bruges were the centre of the wool-weaving and 
fulling industry of Europe. 

Under Baldwin's daughters, Johanna (1206-1243), Margaret (1243-1278), 
and the latter's son,Guy of Dampiere (i278-i305),not fewer than 40,000 looms 
for weaving cloth could be counted in one city. Guy spent a considerable 
portion of his life as a prisoner in France. The feud was old standing. The 
territory in dispute formed a rich prize. As Flanders advanced in prosperity, 
successive Kings of France pushed their claims with greater urgency. 
Ultimately the cities broke into open revolt, and in 1336, Jacob Van Artevelde, 
a high-born brewer of Ghent, interpreting the will of his fellow-countrymen, 
became the great national leader and hero. He concluded a treaty with 
Edward III. of England, and to the alliance thus formed is traced a substantial 
factor in the fortunes of Lancashire. 

Thomas Fuller, the divine, historian and wit, vivifies for us this page 
of our history. Writing four hundred years after the event, he tells us that 
Edward III. sent an invitation to certain disaffected Flemings to come over to 
England. The King was fishing in troubled waters, but how shrewdly he 
baited his hook is best shown in Fuller's quaint and homely directness of 
address. 

Baiting the Hook. 

The Flemings were told that they would " feed on fat beef and mutton, 
till nothing but their fulness should stint their stomachs ; their beds should 
be good, and their bed-fellows better, seeing the richest yeomen in England 
would not disdain to marry their daughters to them, and such was the beauty 
of the English maidens that the most envious foreigners could not but commend 
them." 

Surely the love and noble endeavour of Cuchulainn, the Irish Achilles, 



XXX. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

were not more cunningly sought by Fand when she, " the Pearl of Beauty," 
lured the champion out of Ireland into the Shining Land, there to take up 
her just cause against the so-called Three Kings of Evil, in return " for her 
love, silver and gold, and an abundance of wine to drink." 

Where Cuchulainn was a victim, the young and ardent Fleming could 
not be insensible to temptation. Is it a matter for any wonder, then, that we 
have the persistent legend of a Flemish colony settled on the banks of the 
Irwell, and that in succeeding years the weavers, fullers, and dyers mating 
with Lancashire women spread themselves up the valleys north, west, and east ? 

The King's Fostering Hand. 

The King was as good as his word to one John Kempe, in 1331, and his 
royal will was expressed in the Act of 1337. He fostered the industry, and 
wool became the foundation of a great and ever-growing trade in many parts 
of the country. The Woolsack in the House of Lords is a persistent reminder 
of an unquestioned fact. That progress was made, may be inferred from an 
Act of the succeeding reign — that of Richard II. The eighteen Commis- 
sioners, to whom the powers of Parliament were now delegated, voted the 
subsidy on wool, woolfells, and leather to the King for life (" Rolls of Parlia- 
ment," Vol. III., p. 368). 

Whether the invaders were few or many, it would certainly appear that 
the Flemish wool weavers did not merely establish in England an old trade 
on new hues (a trade which still remains one of high importance to Lancashire 
and to the counties touching her south-eastern border), but seem to have 
called into being a population skilled in the manufacture, as well as the use, 
of tools and machinery (now another of the staple industries of Lancashire), 
besides a large body of people ready to hand when, in a later century, cotton 
cloth became an article of world-wide, commercial utility. 

The Grounds for Doubt. 

When doubt is cast upon the ancient legend, because " the trade of these 
districts did not at, or soon after, this time rapidly develop, neither is there 
any marked influx of foreign names such as would naturally have followed 
such an invasion," I am disposed to examine, with some little misgiving, 
the grounds upon which the ancient legend is so curtly dismissed. 

To look for Flemish names in our current directories, after a lapse of 
nearly six hundred years, is to search for a needle in a haystack ; nay, worse, to 
turn a bhnd eye on the changes inevitably wrought in almost all foreign names. 

It is the testimony of everyone bearing a surname, foreign in origin, 
singular in spelling, or awkward in pronunciation, that it is nearly impossible 
to preserve against the attack of all, and sundry, the merest resemblance of 
the ancient sound, or spelling. As an intensely practical people we cut down 
all impediments to our easy progress, and only where a family has a very 
definite link with land ownership, is the old form of spelling preserved. The 
doubting Thomas ignores, too, the vicissitudes of fortune of which the male 
line of every notable family in Lancashire, hving or defunct, is a witness. 

A Parallel. 

When I look elsewhere, all I can find is at best a shadowy outline. Wilt- 
shire, for instance, by reason of its Downs, was, from time immemorial, a 
great sheep-rearing county, but Calne, as the centre of the clothiers' trade 
(long since extinct), dates its era of prosperity from the days of Edward III, 
and the arrival of the Flemings. Yet all that now sustains the foreign link 
is found in the place name of " Flanders," which forms part of a farm on 
the north of the town and a tithing in HiJmarton, called " New Zealand " ! 



LANCASHIRE xxxi. 



Yet here is preserved an abundance of native records. Calne was a 
place of consequence before tiie present bacon-curing business was ever thought 
of. It returned two representatives to Parliament as far back as 1295, and 
continued to do so up to 1832, when Manchester had none. Thomas Babington 
Macaulay was one of the last pair. Fifteen burgesses in Calne, of whom the 
Daily family alone numbered eleven, and therefore sufficiently strong to 
intimidate Lord Lansdowne in the choice of his nominees, were of greater power 
in the councils of the state than many a hundred thousand people in Lancashire 
(A. E. W. Marsh. " A History of the Borough and Town of Calne," 1903, p. 120). 

The Ghosts of Ardent Lovers. 

All that the archives of the ancient borough provide us with, however, 
are a tiny group of family names — Brabant, Goddard, Maslin, Jordan 
(Jourdiane?) and Parfitt — mere ghosts (and doubtful ones at that) of that 
group of Flemish weavers and ardent lovers who came to England in the 
fourteenth century, thinking, probably, only of their stomachs, their beds, 
and those English maidens " that the envious foreigners could not but com- 
mend," and nothing at all of that skill in trade which they bore in their hands. 
Yet that skill was more precious to us than sacks full of rubies. 

There is one further point — the Lancashire clog is common to all 
factory workers. From whence came it, if not from the sabois of 
Flanders ? 

Lastly, remembering what Caxton accomplished practically single-handed 
in the art of printing, the use of movable types and the wooden press, which 
he set up at Westminster in 1476, directly as a result of his apprenticeship 
in Flanders, what might not a mere handful of men, say half a dozen, accom- 
plish in Lancashire ? 

Until, therefore, the old legend has been scattered to the four winds of 
heaven for better reasons than any of those I have hitherto encountered, and 
to which generations of historians have lent their countenance. I hesitate to 
repudiate the pretty tale to which Fuller has imparted so human a touch. 

The Wars of the Roses. 

The conflict between the House of Lancaster (Red Rose) and the House 
of York (White Rose), which began with the battle of St. Albans, on the 
23rd May, 1455, and ended with the battle of Bosworth Field, on the 22nd 
August, 1485, was responsible for a great drain upon the manhood of Lanca- 
shire, though none of the battles were fought within the boundaries of the 
county. 

Boy and Girl Marriages. 

Under the Tudors, Lancashire made considerable advances. County 
families began to arise. There was a widespread desire to own land, to add 
field to field, and to entrench a family in the soil by a marriage that was a 
linking-up of broad acres, rather than a union born of affection and regard. 
In this way, children of tender years were sealed in matrimony at an age when 
" the husband " was a mere boy attending school, and " the vdie" a girl no 
more than seven years of age. 

Many well-known halls belong to this period, among which may be 
named : Speke, Ordsall, Little Mitton, Ince, Cleworth, Smithells, Lostock, 
Lydiate, Rufford, Belfield, Rawcliffe, Rossall (Grange), etc. 

The Lancashire Witches. 

In a spirit of admiration, a man may call the woman of his heart, " a 
Lancasliire witch," and she hears the term with ill-concealed delight — 
granted that he is the man of her choice. Other days, other ways. In 



xxxii. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

the seventeenth century no more damning accusation could have passed 
any man's hps. Torture and death fell in the wake of the terrible words. 

To-day we stand humbled and amazed that our common sense did not 
rise up in revolt, but, alas ! our whole history is soured by episodes, belonging 
particularly to the years 1612 and 1634, that touch our pride to the quick ; 
in truth, they put our humanity to shame. Every encyclopaedia makes record 
of our folly ; the article " Witchcraft," in " Chambers's Encyclopaedia," is par- 
ticularly good, but those readers who desire a fuller narrative of the subject 
as a whole, cannot do better than turn to Mrs. Lynn Linton's handy volume, 
" Witch Stories," in the Mayfair Library. 

" Superstition dies hard," writes the gifted lady in a vein of profound 
sadness, " or rather so far as we have yet gone, it does not die at all," and 
she proceeds to assail us because superstition, ignorance, and credulity are as 
strong with us as ever. 

All that we in Lancashire can plead against our twentieth-century accusers 
is (first) our remorse, (second) in England, elsewhere, witchfinding ran to 
greater lengths of obscene and merciless cruelty, and (third) that on the 
Continent, hundreds of thousands of women and little children were massacred 
to vindicate the honour and glory of God, while we were satisfied with no 
more than a dozen, hapless, old women at a time — poor creatures, who should 
have evoked our charity, rather than our unreasoning vengeance. 

Voices in Protest. 

Voices were heard in protest, but they fell on deaf ears. Reginald Scot's 
efforts are remembered chiefly because they met with a kingly rebuke in 
1597. In the succeeding century two Chief Justices — North (1637-1685) and 
Holt (1642-1710) — courageously stemmed the outcry. The last trial for 
witchcraft in England was in 1712. 

But, so late as 1768, we find John Wesley vehemently decrying men who 
regarded all accounts of witches and apparitions " as mere old wives' fables." 
He enters his " solemn protest " to an outcry that is " in direct opposition 
to the Bible," and, as though hungering after the old scenes of bloodshed, the 
divine concludes " that the giving up witchcraft is in effect giving up the 
Bible." 

Wesley had in mind, apparently, those passages which exalt celibacy 
and debase marriage, viz.. Genesis vi. 2 ; i Corinthians vii. 8, to which must 
be added the injunction against suffering a witch to live (Exodus xxii. 18). 
Here was Wesley's proof that witchcraft could be, and that the woman who 
practised it should die. 

How it Began. 

Monachism is an inversion of nature. To the disordered imagination 
of a monk, or a Churchman seeking the " higher " life, a woman, particularly 
a beautiful woman, is the natural depositary of the Devil on earth. A pretty, 
innocent, little girl was, I take it, the abode of a little Devil, or a Devil in 
miniature, or in process of growth. 

" The Paradise, or Garden of the Holy Fathers " (of which Dr. 
Walhs Budge, the Keeper of the Assyrian and Egyptian Antiquities 
at the British Museum, has given us a complete translation of the 
Syriac text of Athanasius, Archbishop of Alexandria; Palladius, Bishop 
of Helenopohs; St. Jerome, and others) (London, two vols., 1907), is 
one long advocacy of the single state, as it flourished with " holy men " in 
the desert, amid vermin, filth, dirt, and rags. The comparison picture in modem 
hfe, and under a regular ecclesiastical system, is to be found in Dr. Henry 
Lea's " History of Sacerdotal Celibacy in the Christian Church " (London : 
Revised Edition, two vols., 1907), one of the very best books that America 
has thus far produced. 



LANCASHIRE xxxiii. 



Reading these in the light of the texts above quoted, we are bound 

to realise that Wesley had both logic and consistency on his side ; of sense 
and humanity not one tiny scrap. 

Next, let us remember that the old women fared badly at the hands 
of the so-called " saints " and " divines," because in disposing of charms to 
heal sick cows, incantations to bring people " out of life," and all the rest of 
the ridiculous, superstitious nonsense, they were standing against an immensely 
powerful priesthood, jealous of intrusion upon what they regarded as their 
exclusive domain— the right either of controlhng, or interceding, with the 
powers of the unseen world. 

In a word, I cannot think of any fact in extenuation of our offence but 
one — abysmal ignorance of which fanatical superstition was a natural corollary. 

Slowly Evolving Prosperity. 

The humble position occupied by Lancashire, in the eyes of the State 
in the seventeenth century, is indicated in the assessment of the county, 
for the ship-money of Charles I. 

In 1636, the total imposition was one ship of 400 tons burthen, 160 men, 
and {i,ooQ. The relative importance of the towns is shown in the division 
of the tax. The contribution of Wigan was set down at ;^50, Preston £40, 
Lancaster £-^o, Liverpool £2^, Clitheroe £y los. Leeds was assessed at £200, 
and Hull at ;^i40. 

The Civil War. 

In the Civil War, which began, in Lancashire, with a Royalist attack 
upon Manchester, on Sunday, September 25th, 1642, the Parliament found 
its greatest support in the manufacturing towns ; the King, his adherents among 
the older class of landed gentry, and in centres coming under the influence of 
the old ecclesiastical settlements, the success of Charles giving the Catholics 
hope of a speedy relief from the laws of Archbishop Parker and the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth. 

Preston, Bolton, Hoghton, Wigan, Blackburn, Lancaster, Lathom, 
Liverpool, and Warrington figured largely in the bitter conflict, and there was 
much loss of blood, particularly at the taking of Bolton, where Prince Rupert 
gave the order of "no quarter." One account accuses the Cavaliers of 
" having killed, stripped, and spoiled " all the people they met with, regarding 
" neither the dolefull cries of the women nor children," and also of having 
brought out " some husbands on purpose to be slaine before their wives' 
faces." Not fewer than 1,500 lives were sacrificed. 

Manchester, however, never ceased to be the head- quarters of the Parlia- 
ment in Lancashire, and when Bolton suffered such cruel losses, Manchester 
lent the hand of succour to the families of those who had fallen in the people's 
cause. 

Waterways and Railways. 

The eighteenth century has left its mark on the face of Lancashire, in 
the canal, which the Duke of Bridgewater constructed, from Worsley to 
Salford, and Manchester, crossing the Irwell at Barton. 

The first railway was between Manchester and Liverpool. A landmark 
in national history was marred by the death of Wm. Huskisson, the states- 
man, from injuries sustained at the inauguration of the new iron roadway, 
on September 15th, 1830. 

Huskisson was one of the pioneers of Free Trade. By his policy, trade 
with the Colonies expanded, import duties were reduced, and the navigation 
laws relaxed. Lancashire has good reason to hold his memory in high esteem. 



xxxiv. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

The Primary Trade. 

If we would seek an origin to the rise of Lancashire, we must investigate 
other forms of industry than the manufacture of cotton. We must trace a piece 
of cloth wholly fabricated of cotton yarn, as we would organic life — through 
forms to which present-day manifestations reveal no clear line of historic 
development. 

Wool was the primary trade. In 1127 a group of Benedictine monks 
established a house a couple of miles from Barrow-in-Furness. They erected 
an Abbey, which is one of the finest examples of the transition Norman and 
English architecture in the kingdom. They remunerated their servitors by 
the proceeds of farming sheep on the surrounding hills. 

The Cistercians succeeded the Benedictines. Down to the Reformation, 
the Abbot of Furness, as the owner of many acres and the director of a great 
industry, enjoyed princely wealth. He held choice lands, too, across the 
water, in the Isle of Man ; and whilst mining for silver and lead flourished, he 
had a finger in every pie. 

Except for certain coarse fabrics, which were still woven at home, the 
wool of sheep feeding on the English hiUside was not worked up in England ; 
it was exported to the country of another Furnes, a town in West Flanders. 
Edward III. altered aU this, under the circumstances already detailed. 

By the middle of the sixteenth century there was a flourishing trade in 
worsted goods. And by the eighteenth century we had in our midst a class 
of clothiers {i.e. makers of cloth, not clothes) who kept their own sheep. 

Cotton. 

Cotton was familiar to the ancients. Mention of it is made in the annals 
of Egypt. Fabrics of cotton were worn in China before the Christian era. 

Cotton was imported into England as early as the thirteenth century, 
being then used for candle wicks and for admixture with flax or wool. In 
Lancashire it was applied to the manufacture of fustians, vermilions, and 
dimities, as early as 1641. The industry received its first impetus in 1733, 
when John Kay invented the fly shuttle. James Hargreaves followed with 
his spinning "Jenny"* in 1764, Richard Arkwright with his water- 
frame (spinning by rollers) in 1769, and Samuel Crompton with his mulef in 
1779. The savage hostility which these men encountered, by reason of their 
inventions, makes sorry reading for us to-day. 

The first piece of calico, i.e. a fabric all cotton, was not produced till 
1783 ; cotton yarn being hitherto used for weft only, the warp being of flax 
or wool. Machines were worked by water power. Many mills, of old standing, 
are still found in dales with verdure clad. Beauty seems loath to go. Steam 
was first applied in 1789. 

Thereafter, progress was along two lines of development — an augmentation 
of output and a reduction in the cost of production. In 1800 a yard of calico 
was worth as many shillings as it was worth in pence in 1900, an enormous 
growth of national wealth notwithstanding. 

Calico Printing. 

Calico printing was first practised in England by French refugees, living 

* " Jenny," supposedly, for ginny from gin, short for engine. Tlie term, however, 
was one of anger and contempt, and as the people believed that the machine was the 
instrument of the Devil, inasmuch as it would throw them out of work, probability points to 
" Jenny " for Jean, a name typical of all Scotswomen. At Edinburgh, Jean Weir was 
hanged in 1670 for employing the Devil to spin her lint, and at Paisley seven women 
suffered martyrdom for bewitching Christian Shaw, who later was the means of starting 
the thread industry. Many other interpretations are offered. 

t So called because the " mule " combined the characteristics of both the preceding 
inventions. 



LANCASHIRE xxxv. 



on the banks of the Thames, exiled by the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. 
The grandfather of the great Sir Robert Peel introduced the process into 
Lancashire ; " Parsley Peel " (from the parsley-leaf which formed a feature 
of the first design) established thereby the fortunes of his house. 

The Supply. 

Columbus tells us in the journal of his first voyage to the New World 
how he found cotton growing all over the West Indies. In 1790 these islands 
produced the great proportion of our supply. A hundred years later the 
Southern States of America provided the bulk, while the exports from the 
West Indies amounted to no more than a few hundred bales all told. 

The British Cotton Growing Association, headed first by the late Sir 
Alfred Jones, and now by Mr. J. A. Hutton, is engaged in a work of national 
importance — promoting the growth of cotton within the Empire, i.e. in India, 
Cyprus, Egypt, Uganda, West Africa, the West Indies, and elsewhere, in order 
that the mills of Lancashire may be, in the first place, independent of the 
market-rigging of America, and, in the second place, sufficiently supplied with 
cotton of improved quality.* 

The Lightning Advance. 

The great rise of industrial Lancashire is essentially a fact of recent 
history. In 1801 the population was only 673,486, equal, say, to one person 
to every two acres of the total area. The nineteenth century, therefore, saw 
the greatest of all invasions in our long history. 

The period of the Crimean War, which dates from 1854, was perhaps 
responsible for the most conspicuous accession to the population of the chief 
towns. The " wooden walls of England " were not, as yet, a mere figure of 
speech ; on the Mersey there were three jobs for every man who was a wood- 
worker. In the stress of the conflict, carpenters could easily earn £1 per day. 
On this high pay (far surpassed in certain skilled trades in Sheffield to-day), 
a carpenter often felt justified in requiring a cab to fetch him to his work. 

Such abounding prosperity as Liverpool and Manchester enjoyed in these 
years read like a tale from a fairy-book, to poor tillers of the soil and 
mechanics in country towns, earning a mere £1 per week. Labour was 
attracted from all quarters — from Wales, Scotland, Ireland, and even the little 
Isle of Man. 

The Housing Problem. 

The result was inevitable ; there were soon more people than there was 
accommodation. No satisfactory measures were adopted for grappling with 
the problem. Entire areas became insanitary by overcrowding. Ultimately, 
when disease and death descended upon a locality, and the health of the entire 
community was endangered, authorities were moved to action. It was then 
reahsed that in temporising, an expense was incurred greater than would be 
sufficient to rid a locality of the evil altogether, viz., by buying up an insanitary 
area, leveUing the old-fashioned tenements with the ground, and erecting 
upon the site thus cleared dwellings assured of a sufficiency of Ught and fresh 
air, wherein the people could live clean and decent lives. 

• India is producing at the present time from 300,000 to 500,000 bales per annum 
of the inch staple variety for use in her own mills, the market for the cloth being found 
in her own land, Japan, and elsewhere. What Lancashire wants is the staple first of all, 
and after that a substantial addition to her supply of fine cotton. For this last she has a 
steadily increasing demand. India can meet this demand for an improved quality and 
the Punjab Government is willing to co-operate. Here is Lancashire's opportunity. 
What is it that stops the way ? 



xxxvi. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

Peabody Dwellings. 

The fame of George Peabody, that " brave, honest, and noble-hearted 
friend of mankind," as Winthrop, the orator, called him, was about this time 
on everybody's tongue. But even a generous and far-sighted American 
millionaire, having at call all the financial skill that was his own, and all the 
technical advice of the best builders and most capable architects of both England 
and the United States, did not find any real solution of the problem. 

The Peabody dwellings for the people are familiar to every Londoner. 
They are an adaptation of an idea famihar to Scotland (Dundee in 
particular) for generations— an immense aggregation of independent fiats, 
each containing two, three, or more apartments, approached by a common 
stairway from the street level. 

Before the era of motor omnibuses, electric trams, and railways, buildings 
of this character were inevitable in London. Despite the high value of land, 
a workman must be near his work, and " nearness " is calculated on the basis 
of time, not the distance covered. In the Provinces, the difficulty of a 
prohibitive site value, did not operate with anything approaching like force. 
Nevertheless, in Liverpool the Corporation began by applying the same 
remedy. 

Insanitary dwellings were destroyed, as accommodation was provided 
elsewhere for the inhabitants. Thus far, the authorities brought to their 
task no more knowledge of the instincts of working people, than might 
have been expected from earthly humans engaged in preparing homes for 
hypothetical inhabitants of the moon. The buildings which they erected, at 
the north and south ends of the town, were hardly better than a cross between 
Kirkdale Jail and Brownlow Hill Workhouse Infirmary.* 

Liverpool Streets ** Paved with Gold." 

Shortly before i860 a poor Welshman arrived in Liverpool. His name 
was Owen Elias. As the perfidious Spaniard was attracted to Cuzco, the 
" Holy City " of the Empire of the Incas, in Peru, by a tale of streets literally 
paved with gold, so was the Welshman lured to Liverpool. 

He succeeded in getting a job with the Corporation, and ultimately was 
attached to a gang of pavers. Handling stone sets and bent over his work 
all day, I do not fancy that Owen Elias was long in penetrating the illusion 
as to the precise character of the metal with which the streets of Liverpool 
were paved. 

Never at any period of his life could he speak English with fluency, or 
even with schoolboy accuracy. In these first years of residence in Lancashire, 
he spoke English so badly, and Welsh so well, that he was jeered at, or 
" jerried " without mercy. 

" Aye ! Aye ! Don't come down this ladder because I have took it 
away," is a sentence attributed to him, but it may be apocryphal, but not 
" When did he went ? " or " Did you told him ? " 

Ehas's disabilities of speech made him a listener, rarely a speaker. 
Herein, lay the foundation of a considerable fortune. On every hand he heard 
the working-man " grousing." 

" Why is it," asked the men of Elias's gang; " that there are no small 
houses for labouring men ? " 

Even the newspapers touched on the question, but this was when an 
outbreak of fever had afflicted everybody with a sense of danger. Fifty years 

* Liverpool, however, has made — and is still makinc; — a splendid atonement for the lack of 
imagination originally brought to the solution of the problem. I gladly bear witness to the fact 
that nowhere in this kingdom has more money, deeper practical sympathy, and a higher grade of 
skill been brought to the task. The volumes entitled, "Report of the Housing Committee," 
1912 and 1914, recording the work done in recent years under Col. G. Kyffin-Taylor, Alderman 
Austin Harford, and Mr. F"lelcher T. Turton, Director of Housing, are a revelation. 



LANCASHIRE xxxvii. 



ago many newspapers showed grave hesitation in discussing any social 
question that had not been first ventilated in a pohce court, board room, or 
pubhc meeting. 

The Welshman's Solution. 

EHas grasped three plain facts :— (i) that the working-man wished to 
live " in a house," not a section of a jail-workhouse-infirmary kind of place ; 
(2) that the working-man's wife, who usually came from the country (where 
basements were unknown), was not content to spend her long, busy, and lonely 
day in a kitchen below ground; and (3) that 3s. 6d. per week was an outside 
figure for rent. The solution of the problem became almost self-evident, the 
moment this pavier had got these simple facts clearly established in his mind. 

The chapel is supposed to be to the Welshman what the Temple is reputed 
to be to the Freemason. Owen Elias had the luck to fall in with a fellow 
countryman named Roberts, the grandfather of the present Sir John Herbert 
Roberts, M.P. Roberts undertook to smooth away obvious difficulties and 
to provide timber and building material. Land was found — an arrangement 
with a landowner is not, as a rule, difficult when you propose to deposit a good 
deal of value on his property — and the first pair of houses were soon in process 
of construction. 

Each house consisted of a living-room or kitchen, a scullery, two bedrooms 
above, a front door on the level of the street, and a yard behind, all for 3s. 6d. 
per week. That first front door was not swinging on its hinges before the 
tenant was in, while other would-be tenants were daily clamouring for the 
right of entry to No. 3, and so on right up the pegged-out street. 

Good Work at a Discount. 

Owen Ehas besought assistance from the home country. Any Welshman, 
particularly any Carnarvonshire man, who could clap one brick upon another, 
or who could, in the alternative, strike a nail on the head with a hammer, was 
sure of a job. But Owen Elias did not make forfeit on the score of nationality. 
He showed his worldly wisdom by a sound grasp of small economies. 

To the newcomer of his own tongue and faith, Elias provided the site, 
the materials for construction, and the money to live on until such time as 
the premises were completed. Thus, every man worked under the conviction 
that he was his own employer, and, as his reward was based on work done, he 
toiled every hour of dayUght, from sunrise to dusk, he could spare from his 
bed. 

The need of more, and still more houses was urgent. The tenant, with 
his bride and a gathering of furniture, was, seemingly, waiting at every door. 
Good work was at a discount for two reasons : (i) because the rent which 
the tenant could pay was strictly limited by the wages of his grade or class ; 
(2) because the land was held on a lease, and site and building must revert to 
the owner of the soil in, say, seventy-five years. 

No wonder, then, that every labour-saving device was adopted in con- 
struction. Outside walls were nine inches thick, inside walls were sometimes 
half a brick (4I inches), more often they were of stiles, lath and plaster, 3 J 
inches from side to side. The term " jerry " was acquiring a fresh signifi- 
cance. 

The Corporation insisted upon the submission of properly prepared plans. 
Among the recruits, in this emergency, was one Richard Owen, a ^^'elshman, 
with some knowledge of drawing. Richard Owen brought in a relative of my 
own. A bargain was struck between architect and builder, by which Owen 
Elias agreed to discharge Richard Owen's architectural fees for a lump sum — 
2S. 6d. per house ! 

I leave the reader to guess which of the trio found the names for the 



xxxviii. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

new streets that were coming up like mushrooms. We have, in a bunch, 
names from Dickens : — Pickwick Street, Dombey Street, Dorrit Street, 
Weller Street, etc. Great names in modern Uterature are over the way : 
Thackeray Street, Tennyson Street, and Arnold Street, the latter for Matthew 
Arnold (for his glowing tribute to Wales in his " Study of Celtic Literature," 
at that time fresh in the public mind, from its appearance in a monthly review) . 
not the father. Dr. Arnold, of Rugb^''. But as a rule, the never-ceasmg call 
for new names for new streets was met by reference to the newspapers from 
day to day. 

Prohibition Areas. 

Owen Elias and his associates encircled the entire town, practically creating 
the districts now known as Kirkdale, Walton, Everton, Cabbage Hall, West 
Derby, and Toxteth Park.* They were responsible, also, for one noteworthy 
innovation. Finding that the Justices granted licences to the newly formed 
districts, and that the presence of a public-house at a street corner lowered 
the status of the whole neighbourhood, absorbing into itself the values torn 
from the surrounding property, the Welsh builders disposed of the menace, 
by introducing a new condition into their terms of sale. If the prohibition 
were dictated entirely by business considerations, it proved to be based in 
sound wisdom ; if it were prompted by reasons of conscience, it proved as 
beneficial in operation as it was good in motive. 

The Greatest Invasion of all History. 

I have dealt with so much detail upon this development of Liverpool, 
not by warrant of its vast concern to one locaUty, but (i) because it is typical 
of a movement which, starting in all the big towns about 1869, had attained 
the proportions of a revolution by 1872 — the boom year, following the close 
of the Franco-Prussian War. (2) Because the accession of population, of which 
this vast array of new dwellings was a witness, represents an invasion of Lanca- 
shire beside which that of Agricola pales in memory, while the Viking occupation 
seems no more than a tale from a book. 

Where did the People come from ? 

Where did all these people come from ? If for answer we turn to the 
directories of Liverpool and Manchester, and endeavour to pick up the clue 
of origin by mere name, we are not long left in much doubt. 

Wales makes an amazing showing. Between eighty and one hundred 
names appear in a column of the Liverpool Directory. No fewer than forty- 
seven columns are required to chronicle the whereabouts of the Jones family, 
a total of 4,230 separate households. (Not all are Welsh so far as living memory 
goes ; the exceptions, however, are negligible. ) The voting register contained 
at one time nearly five hundred entries of " John Jones." To establish a 
separate identity for each, as a protection against impersonation, was beyond 
the wit of all the registration agents of Lancashire combined, and the task 
was given up in despair. 

Other names common to Wales are as follows: Williams, 2,430 entries ; 
Roberts, 1,800 ; Hughes, 1,530. Oft-repeated English names make only a 
moderate showing by comparison (taking into account the greater English 

* A quaint old village existed in each of these districts from a period long prior to the 
ri>e of Liverpool, with the exception of that denominated " Cabbage Hall." The origin 
of this name is in danger of being lost. A Col. Townsend lived in a large house in the 
thoroughfare, now called Townsend Lane, and he decorated the entrance gates by a huge 
representation of a pinc-applc on either side. In that day children had no knowledge of 
pine-apples ; to them the things were cabbages, hence the great house so decorated, they 
described as " The Cabbage Hall." 



LANCASHIRE xxxix. 



population) : Smith, 2,070 ; Brown, 1,000 ; Robinson, 720 ; Wood, 450 ; 
Richardson, 360. 

In Manchester, where the Welsh infusion is hghter, we have the Smiths 
heading the hst with 1,520 entries. The Jones brotherhood make a fair showing 
with 1,330. Corresponding figures to those above given are : Williams, 760 ; 
Wood, 620 ; Robinson, 570 ; Roberts, 450 ; Hughes, 340 ; Richardson, 300. 

The Welsh Settler. 

The Welsh settler usually adopts an occupation connected with the 
construction and management of property. In Liverpool, he is a bricklayer, 
mason, joiner, plumber, or plasterer. But that relates only to the first genera- 
tion. The second generation makes claim to black clothes ; thus we have 
master builders, rent collectors, estate agents, architects, etc. In Manchester, 
the second generation finds entrance to some branch of the staple industry 
of the county. When the Welshman comes from the coast, particularly from 
Glamorgan, Carmarthen, and Pembroke, neither mill nor bricklaying has 
any attraction ; the call of the sea is in the blood. Many of the most efi&cient 
navigators in our mercantile marine are Welshmen. 

The Scotsman. 

The Scotsman is as strong in the two principal towns of Lancashire as 
in London. Abroad, the Scotsman is banker, auditor, accountant, merchant. 
In Lancashire we seem to have drawn upon another class : from the Lowlands 
more than the Highlands. He is a force in all departments of engineering, 
particularly marine engineering, a fact that would suggest that he usually 
hails from the Clyde. Shipping offices, too, are largely recruited from Scot- 
land. " Elder " and " Dempster " are both Scottish names, but it was a 
" Jones " that brought the concern indicated to the forefront. 

The value of a good groundwork by education, is nowhere more evident 
than among Lancashire's industrial recruits. It is a rare circumstance to find 
a Welshman, or a Scotsman, engaged in a purely labouring capacity, though 
neither arrives with more than the proverbial half-crown in his pocket. 

The Irishman. 

The Irishman brings broader sympathies, and readier wit, than either. 
He has in his blood a substantial quota of the natural refinement that belongs 
to the old heroic tales of his incomparable mythology, and yet, alas ! he is 
often utterly abased when required to write or spell his name ! The result is 
to be seen everywhere — the Irishman is ever the hewer of wood, and the drawer 
of water. The heavy task, the dirty job is the Irishman's cheerful fate. He 
can talk politics with any peer of the realm, sensibly, courteously, and \nthout 
a trace of presumption, which such liberty would inspire in the mind of the 
average Briton, but, unhappily, he cannot check his weekly wage by the hour- 
sheet. 

And yet those sons of Erin, who have been enabled to avail themselves of 
the education of the Dublin University, soon reveal the inherent depth of Irish 
culture. They are our ablest recruits to Surgery, our most eloquent pleaders 
at the Bar, our most efficient Journalists. 

The Manxman. 

The little Isle of Man which is represented in the two ports of Lancashire 
by a body of recruits, large out of all proportion to the tiny land from which 
they hail, is composed, as a rule, of bakers, sailors, and policemen. The joint 
faculty of ploughing land and sea is a Manxman's proper vocation. Many 
of the Island's sons are successful ofl&cers in the merchant shipping ; that 
more are not so reveals, as in the case of Ireland, the shortcomings of his own 



xl. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 



land, viz., the failure of the educational authorities to link up the elementary 
school to the after career. 

A few Manxmen enter the Wesleyan Methodist ministry ; few, or none 
at all enter upon a medical, or even a legal training, though the cunning of 
the Athol Street Advocate is acknowledged with suspicious enthusiasm. 

Lancashire — our Second Mother. 

In the face of this fact — that the population of Lancashire at the begin- 
ning of the nineteenth century was less than three-quarters of a million, at the 
end between four and five millions, an interesting speculation suggests itself — 
what will be the nature of the amalgam that is emerging from the union of 
peoples of such widely differing characteristics ? Will the Welshman in 
liberty and prosperity, first patronise, and finally abandon the chapel ? Will 
the Scotsman broaden ? Will the Irishman break the chains which a lack 
of school education imposes upon him ? Will the Manxman discard his 
puffed-up insularities ? 

Further Afield. 

So much relates to the union of people closely knit by one imperial 
tie. What of those others ? In the past, Manchester has opened her 
gates to an enormous horde of German-speaking peoples, chiefly of Jewish 
faith and Prussian and Polish nationality. Liverpool has recruited her sugar 
houses from Hungary and thereby introduced us to a distinct strain of Asiatic 
blood, kin to that of the Finns and the Basques. More recently a Mongolian 
amalgam has begun to appear by reason of the presence of thousands of Chinese 
laundrymen. 

The sea is always the Unk, mountains alone separate. I have found 
Liverpool and Manchester better known to the people of Malaga, Velez-Malaga, 
Ahcante, Valencia and Barcelona than the capital of the British Empire, 
solely by reason of the steamers which maintain regular sailings. In the 
Lancashire ports we have a substantial number of Spanish families engaged 
in the fruit and wine trades, while South American houses are responsible for a 
still larger infusion. 

Trade with Portugal and Brazil has accustomed us to the presence of 
the native-born Portuguese and the Portuguese-speaking Brazilian, in whom 
the racial traditions of the Jew and the Negro are still sufficiently obvious. 
Weekly sailings to West Africa have long made us familiar with one or other 
of the many tribes inhabiting Sierra Leone, the Gold Coast, Nigeria, etc. 
I have encountered men of the tribe of the Madinkahs, born in the region of 
Timbucto, who at the stride of one generation have absorbed our speech, 
Jhabits of mind and general civilisation to an amazing degree. A great deal 
of nonsense has been talked upon the negro question and I confess I have 
contributed more than my share thereto. My penitence is my only claim to 
absolution. 

Absorption. 

My own faith in the grit and character of Lancashire is so firm, that I 
believe she will digest her big meal of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries 
with comfort and ease. Climate, as a determining factor, is not to be com- 
pared in every case to the potency of money and environment. In America 
the Irishman, with a stout bundle of United States Treasury notes in his 
breast pocket, is indistinguishable ; he has not preserved one gracious trait 
of his ancestry. 

The process in operation in Lancashire is not invasion and conquest ; 
it is infiltration and absorption. 



LANCASHIRE xli. 



Manchester. 

Lancashire is the seat of the cotton manufacture of the world and Man- 
chester is the market-place of this immense trade — second only in national 
importance to agriculture. The principal towns engaged in the industry are 
(besides Manchester itself) : Bolton, Oldham, Preston, Accrington, Rochdale, 
Heywood, Bury, Wigan, Chorley, Blackburn, Burnley, Nelson and Colne. 

The rich coalfields lying around these towns show a total output about 
equal to that of Yorkshire, and second only to that of Durham. The manu- 
facture of machinery and tools for use in the cotton mills, and allied trades, 
viz., printing, bleaching, etc., is of itself a considerable industry. The 
opening of the Ship Canal in 1894 gave an impetus to engine construction in 
Manchester, to the development of the fruit trade with Spain and the West 
Indies, and the starting of many other activities directly arising out of the 
conversion of an inland town into a great port for sea-going vessels. 

Liverpool. 

Liverpool owes its prosperity to its natural facilities for carrying on a 
profitable import and export trade (in which cotton figures largely), to ship- 
yards (now chiefly on the Cheshire side of the Mersey) and to a dock system 
of the most complete character. 

The familiar jibe is that every brick in the old town is cemented in its 
holding with a negro's blood. The taint of participation in the West African 
slave trade is acknowledged ; some of the black holes in which black men and 
women — " images of God cut in ebony " was Fuller's fine tribute three hundred 
years ago — were held in chains, whilst awaiting trans-shipment, have only 
recently disappeared from the lower end of Duke Street. 

Sugar, flour, tobacco, whisky, British wines, tea, beer, cattle, bacon, lard, 
eggs, cream substitutes for cattle, agricultural manures (Chilian nitrate, etc.), 
writing and printing inks, matches, blacking, washing blue, etc., all represent 
profitable industries, though, obviously, they cannot all be classed as of local 
" manufacture " when, as in the case of tea, the article is sold to the consumer 
practically in the same state as it is received from abroad. The crushing of 
palm kernels yielding oil for margarine, which twenty-five years ago we 
allowed to drift to Germany, is a definite project. The manufacture of watches, 
"Harrington," "Wellington," and " Herculaneum " china has disappeared. 
Ships' bread (i.e. biscuits for sailing ships making long voyages) and sail 
cloth are drifting from view with the tendency of the wind-jammer to disappear 
from the trade routes of the sea. 

Other towns. 

Chemicals are produced at Widnes ; oil cloths and linoleums at Lan- 
caster ; glass at St. Helens ; soap at Preston and Warrington ; leather, doors 
and window frames at Warrington. The watch trade has died a natural death 
at Prescot, leaving no trace save tall factory buildings and a few workmen 
chiefly engaged in the manufacture of mathematical instrument " parts." A 
great industry has arisen in its stead, i.e. the manufacture ofi nsulated electric 
wires, in which thousands of people are engaged under the segis of one company 
-with a capital running into seven figures. The sea fisheries find naturad centres 
at Fleetwood and Liverpool. Since the beginning of the war. Barrow-in- 
Furness has grown in population to an extent that has surpassed the gift of 
prophets. Shipbuilding, iron smelting and coal getting, together with a few 
special incidental industries fitting to women, have drawn to the town an 
overflowing population. Nearly every centre of population has one or more 
breweries ; those of Warrington, Manchester, Liverpool and Knotty Ash are 
appreciated outside the immediate area of production. 



xlii. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 



Seaside Playgrounds. 

Blackpool, Southport, Lytham, St. Annes-on-Sea, Fleetwood, More- 
cambe, and Grange-over-Sands, are the seaside playgrounds of the county. 

Distinguished Families. 

" Burscough Priory," after the mitred houses of Furness and Whalley, 
"was one of the most considerable religious houses in Lancashire." Thus 
writes Mr. James Bromley, a learned archaeologist, in a privately printed 
account of excavations he carried out, at the cost of Lord Derby, in 1886. 

The pious founder was one Robert Fitz Henry de Lathom, who died in 
1174. His grandson married Katharine, daughter and heiress of Thomas de 
Knowsley (died 1325). The male line terminated in a grandson, Thomas 
de Lathom (died 1383). His sister Isabella inherited the estates and she 
married Sir John Stanley, Steward to the Household of Henry IV. and Lord 
of Man (1407). The Earldom of Derby dates from 1485. 

The Molyneuxes of Sephton (now Sefton) and Croxteth are presumed 
to be descended from William de Molines, who came to England with the 
Conqueror, and who is on the roll of Battle Abbey. Their story is the story 
of Lancashire, with Ireland added. The place-name Maghull, near Aintree, 
recalls the valour of a member of this family in warfare against " The Great 
Mogul." 

The Bootle Wilbrahams date from 1421 (or earlier). The union with the 
Wilbrahams of Cheshire took place in 1755. The head of the house was 
made Baron Skelmersdale in 1828, Earl of Lathom in 1880. 

The Lindsays of Crawford and Balcarres may be of Saxon origin. There 
was a Baron Lindsay of Crawford before 1143 ; of Balcarres in 1633. The 
Earldom, now held by the 27th of the line, dates from 1398. In Lancashire 
the family represents the Bradshaighs, of Haigh Hall, Wigan. 

The Gerards of Bryn are descended from an old Tuscan family. A 
collateral branch is the Gerards of Ince. The present Lord Gerard, of Gars- 
wood, Newton-le-Willows, is the third Baron (created 1876). 

Recent Elevations. 

Additions to the Peerage include the following : — 

Lord Cross, of Eccle Rigg, Broughton-in-Furness. The present holder 
of the title has a post in the Treasury. He is the grandson of the first Peer, 
who represented Preston in Parliament from 1857 *o 1862, South-West Lanca- 
shire from 1868, occupying the position of Home Secretary, 1874-1880, and 
1885-1886, when he was made a Viscount. In his later years he acted (so it 
was understood) as personal business adviser to Queen Victoria. 

Lord Crawshaw, of Crawshaw Hall, Rawtenstall. The founder of this 
house was John Brooks — the associate of Cobden, Bright, and ViUiers — 
whose son Thomas was created a Baronet in 1891, and a Peer in 1892. 

Lord Shuttleworth, of Gawthorpe Hall, Burnley, formerly the Right 
Hon. Sir Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth, P.C, LL.D., Chancellor of the 
Duchy of Lancaster, 1886, and Lord-Lieutenant, 1912. Lord Shuttleworth is 
the second Baronet (created 1849), and the first Peer (created 1902). 

Lord Ashton, of Ashton Hall, near Lancaster, formerly James Williamson, 
manufacturer, and Member of Parliament for the Lancaster Division, North- 
West Lancashire, 1886-1895, High Sheriff, 1885, was raised to the Peerage, 1859. 

Viscount Morley, of Blackburn, formerly the Right Hon. John Morley, P.C, 
O.M., M.A., F.R.S., LL.D., D.C.L., author of Lives of "Cobden" (1881) and 
" Gladstone " (1903), " Studies of Voltaire " (1871), " Rousseau" (1873), and 
" Cromwell " (1900), was created Viscount, 1908. 

Lord Mersey, of Toxteth, formerly the Right Hon. Sir John Charles 
Bigham, was created a Knight in 1897, a Privy Councillor in 1909, a Peer in 1910. 



LANCASHIRE xliii. 



Lord Rotherham, of Broaghton, formerly Sir Wm, Henry Holland, Bart., 
M.P. for North Salford (Lanes.), 1892-5 ; Rotherham (West Riding, Yorks.), 
1899-1910 ; was created a Knight in 1902, a Baronet in 1907, a Peer in 1910. 

Lord Rochdale, of Beechwood, Rochdale, formerly Sir George Kemp, 
Member of Parliament for Heywood, 1895-1906, North-West Manchester, 
1910-1912, was created a Knight in 1909, and a Peer in 1913. 

Lord Leverhulme, of Thornton Manor, Thornton Hough, Cheshire, for- 
merly Sir William Hesketh Lever ; Grand Officer of the Order of Leopold H., 
Hon. A.R.LB.A., was born at Bolton in 1851, and retains a seat at Rivington 
Pike. He sat in Parliament as member for Wirral, 1906-10, was created a 
Baronet in 1911, and a Peer in 1917. 

All the above recent elevations to the Peerage are of the rank of Barons, 
save where otherwise indicated. 

Honoured Names. 

It would be impossible for me, however, to attempt to recall even the 
foremost names, though a few come to mind as I write : Withington (with the 
names Thomas EUames always associated with the head of the house), Leigh 
(both John Shaw and John Gerard), Hoghton or Hoton (the place-name 
Aughton is a mis-spelling), Atherton,** Anderton, Tylesley, *Tildesley or 
Tyldsley, RadcUffe or Redy cliff e (common to the northern counties), Ireland- 
Blackburne, Weld Blundell, Ince Blundell, Townsend, Bold, Moore, Pilkington, 
Assheton, *Asheton or Ashton, *Greenhalgh, **Holt, **Stanley, *Girlington, 
♦Walmesley, Orrell, *Nowell, Preston, **Norris, ♦Fleetwood, *Farrington, 
Heywood, *Kirby, *Banastre, *Boteler, Rigby, *Ingleton, Hollingworth, 
Wroe, Horrocks or Horrox (the first was the spelling of the long cloth maker, 
the latter was that of Jeremiah, the astronomer). Additions to my list will 
occur to every reader, and if he would refresh his memory for others, let him 
turn to the pages next following and see how many of the old families still 
survive. 

An Ancient Link. 

The family affording a link with the remotest past is, possibly, that of 
Ireland-Blackburne. Johannes de Hibernia is the reputed founder. He 
came over with the Conqueror and settled at Hutt. Traces of the mansion 
house survive near the present Hale Hall, which has been in the occupation 
of the family since 1190 (or earlier). We are not in the domain of indisputable 
fact, however, till we come to 1308, when Adam de Ireland, of Hutt, married 
Avena, heiress of Sir Robert Holland, and thereby united two properties. 
Cromwell made Sir Gilbert Ireland Governor of Chester Castle. Sir Gilbert's 
niece, and heiress, married Thomas Blackburne, of Orford, a family whose 
descent has been traced from the Deans of Whalley, a genealogy, if estabhshed, 
older than the Norman Conquest by some 170 years, j 

* At the Restoration it was decided to distinguish these families by a special order 
of knighthood as a mark of Royal appreciation of loyalty to the House of Stuart, but 
Charles II. never carried the idea to completion. 

** Two families of the same surname with honours for both. 

See also " Lists of Esquires and Gentlemen in Cheshire and Lancashire who refused 
the order of Knighthood at the Coronation of Charles." Edited by J. P. Earwaker. 
Record Society. Vol. XII. 

During the eleven years of the personal government of Charles I. (1629-1640), the 
King resorted to many expedients to replenish his depleted exchequer, among them being 
a revival of the right of the Crown to impose knighthood upon the landed gentrj-. Heads 
of houses preferred to make terms with the King rather than accept so doubtful a 
distinction. 

t " The Childe of Hale." Sir Gilbert Ireland won immense fame by the posses- 
sion of a personal servant, who — granting that Goliath was of a height " four cubits and a 
span," and not " six and a half cubits " — was the tallest man who ever lived. John 



xUv. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

Our Own Peerage. 

Lancashire has her own peerage, and it is a peerage worthy of the work- 
shop of the world. No handle to their names could heighten the regard we 
all feel for those of honoured and historic name, who, happily, still with us, 
are sustaining the high tradition, not only of their individual families, but of 
the county as a whole. 

The Families of To-morrow. 

We are essentially a trading community to-day ; on that account we 
are prone to estimate a man's worth by what he has gathered, rather than 
by what he has given away ; by what he has made and held, rather than by 
what he has sought and dedicated to the pubhc service. I cannot imagine 
a more humbhng experience for the newly-rich of the purse-proud t3^e, than 
a glance at any old large scale map of the county. In vain they look for the 
merest hint of their name. Never an old time document is brought to the light 
of modern day, bearing a hint of their line. 

I do not wish, however, to exalt the dead at the cost of the living, to regard 
land as necessarily an ennobling trust and, on the other hand, a great steamer, 
or large factory, teeming with life, as an ignoble monument of a man's intelli- 
gent industry. It is true that Lancashire has lifted many men of humble state 
into positions of great prosperity, and left many men of an ancient line in 
positions of comparative poverty and obscurity. But we have no more right 
to regard wealth as the badge of advancement and refinement, than we have to 
regard gentle birth as the hall-mark of respectability or the palliative of 
idleness. All depends upon the use of our riches, whether those riches be of 
mind, or heart, or pocket. Let us judge (where we must judge), not by the 
wine drunk, but by the wine poured forth. 

Commercial life rarely provides an incident so arrestive to the eye that 
it can be signalised as an act of great bravery. Yet I venture to think that 
those qualities which, in the old days, went to make a courageous warrior and 
a gentle knight, are capable of as much expression to-day, as at any time in 
our long history. 

The Climate. 

Cold and damp are the distinguishing features. In localities lying open 
to the sun and sheltered from the bitter east wind and the tempestuous 
westerly gales, the cHmate can be both mild and genial. Along the coast, too, 
where the sea is warm (except in April and May), and where the rays of the sun 
are not impeded by the dense smoke of a countless host of factory chimneys, 
the chmate can be fairly agreeable, even in midwinter. But where a town backs 
on to a substantial elevation — Chorley, Bolton, Bury and Oldham for instance — 
the rainfall is heavy, the sunshine restricted, and the prevaihng temperature 
correspondingly low. The entire county provides, by reason of its westerly 
situation, an attraction to rain. At Rivington Pike, where Liverpool has a 

Middleton, the so-called " Childe of Hale," was nine feet three inches in height, compared 
with the eight feet nine inches of Goliath. James I. was so interested in this physical 
curiosity, that he commanded Sir Gilbert Ireland to exhibit the giant at Court. The 
King was vastly entertained by the great height, immense bulk, and many feats of 
strength which his mightiest subject was enabled to display before him. " The Childe " 
received twenty guineas, as a tribute to his bigness. The era was one of almost uninter- 
rupted peace, or this veritable son of Anak might have been afforded other opportunities of 
displaying his patriotism, and his prowess in conjunction. Sir Gilbert brought his body- 
guard home via Oxford, where the Lancashire students at Brasenose College made a 
great fuss of their fellow-countryman. They painted the Cbilde's portrait, marked his 
height on the wall, cut the shape of his foot on the cellar steps, and on the buttery wall 
marked the limits of his reach, and the shape of his hand. 

In the churchyard at Hale, the grave of the giant is a constant object of interest. 
The tombstone is inscribed : "HereLyeth the Bodie of Middleton, the Childe. Nine feet 
three. Born 1578, Dyede 1623" (see Dr. L6on in The Philomath, September, 1914). 



LANCASHIRE xlv. 



large reservoir, the fall is fully half as much again as the average for the county 
as a whole. The watershed of Thirlmere Lake, the reservoir of Manchester, 
is within a few miles from Lancashire's northern boundary. 

Agriculture. 

The great bulk of the land is still agricultural. On the hills hardy native 
sheep are reared ; on the lowlands, chiefly on permanent pasture, there are 
more cows (and perhaps more horses) than can be counted in any similar area 
in England. 

The amount of land under regular cultivation is very low. Of grain crops, 
oats take a first place, a fact that points to a light soil and a late chmate. The 
heavily manured fields of the Mersey basin, yield a good crop of vegetables, 
among which an early potato may be noted. We have also an excellent home- 
made cheese, chiefly from the Fylde district. 

A large area is wholly lost by rubbish from the coal pits, and waste-heaps 
from other industries. 

Agriculture in Lancashire presents many problems, certain of them are 
peculiar to the county. The whole subject calls for immediate attention. 

Ecclesiastical History. 

The slow development of the county is revealed in a few facts and dates 
from our ecclesiastical history. 

The whole of Lancashire is in the province of York, which became an 
Archiepiscopal See in 735. The Scandinavian invasion destroyed much of 
the church organisation of England ; the succession to the Sees became 
irregular and the precise area covered by a bishop's authority uncertam. 

Lancashire first comes definitely into view when, in 923, that part of 
the county lying between the Mersey and the Ribble was placed in the charge 
of the Bishop of Lichfield, in the archdeaconry of Chester. The county north of 
the Ribble belonged to the Archdeaconry of Richmond, in the diocese of York. 

In the eleventh century, the Church in England adopted a rule from the 
Continent, viz., that of placing the Bishop's seat in the largest or most 
important town of the diocese. Exeter was thus made in 1050 the seat of the 
Bishop of the united dioceses of Crediton and Cornwall, and twenty-five years 
later the Council of London sanctioned several such changes, including that 
of the removal of the See of Lichfield, first to Chester, and then to Coventry. 

The Bishopric of Manchester. 

When, in 1541, Chester was constituted a separate diocese, in lieu of the 
archdeaconry formerly existing, the whole of Lancashire was allocated to the 
new See. In the passage of time the anomaly became grotesque. By the 
year 1847, when the See of Manchester was founded, Lancashire was the home of 
an immense and ever-growing population. To the new diocese was apportioned 
all Lancashire, save certain parts of the hundred of West Derby. The busy 
and ever-expanding port of Liverpool, therefore, still remained linked to the 
quiet but picturesque little city of the Dee. Furness and Cartmel were 
detached from Manchester and added to Carlisle in 1856. 

Liverpool a Diocese. 

The diocese of Liverpool dates from 1878. Chester now lost, after more 
than eight centuries, all further concern with Lancashire — material or spiritual 
— ^while from the jurisdiction of the chief of the Manchester diocese there 
was subtracted a strip of territory lying to the east as far as Warrington. 

It is not a little remarkable that the most populous county of England 
should have been no more than an appanage of an outside Bishopric, until 
almost the middle of the nineteenth century, by which time the population 
included in the County Palatine was numbered by the million. 



xlvi. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 



Unitarianism and Quakerism. 

Among all religious bodies I find that Unitarianism is generally regarded 
as a great force in Lancashire, not by reason of the multiplicity of congregations, 
but by the eminence, influence and high-mindedness of the men and women 
professing attachment to the creedless church. In Manchester, Liverpool, 
Bolton and elsewhere, the Unitarians are in the forefront of every movement 
for the social well-being ; often they are large employers of labour. Historic 
Quakerism seems in process of absorption by two extremes — High Church- 
manship on the one hand, Unitarianism on the other, constituting the " warm " 
of emotionalism, and the " cold " of intellect. 

Roman Catholic and Nonconformist Churches. 

After the Church of England (whose strength and progress have been 
already indicated), Roman Catholicism takes a first place in particular centres 
like Preston and Liverpool. Wesleyanism is the strongest of all Nonconformist 
bodies ; thereafter must be counted the Congregational, Presbyterian, Baptist, 
Calvinist, Primitive Methodist, Pastor Russellite, Christian Scientist, 
Theosophists, and other religious organisations, too numerous for individual 
mention. Among some groups, the principle of an unpaid ministry is regarded 
as of vital importance. 

Early and Eastern Faiths. 

The Greek Church is fittingly represented in Liverpool. The only 
Armenian Church in the British Isles is in Manchester. The Jews have erected, 
of late years, many new synagogues in Manchester and Liverpool. Premature 
death closed the seemingly distinguished career awaiting the son of the late 
Chief Rabbi. The late Rev. Alfred Adler is a fragrant memory within and 
without the community. The second great faith of the world, after that 
of Buddhism, is Islam. There was an Islamite mission in Liverpool, but the 
Mosque is now established in permanence at Woking; to the Imam, the 
India Office delegated important functions, connected with the fallen heroes 
among our Indian troops, in the Great War. 

*• Fancy Religions." 

Antinomianism, a very old cult, has disappeared, I think, from Lanca- 
shire altogether, but only within living memory ; not so, however, the Latter 
Day Saints, who have long maintained their English headquarters in Liverpool, 
whence The Millennial Star, first edited and published in Liverpool, in 
1839, is regularly circulated. 

It is not a little remarkable that with all the hard-headedness of which 
Lancashire rightly makes boast, any and all religious cults find adherents. 
We may be able to turn a balance sheet inside out, but when it comes to a 
"proposition," as the Americans say, for which no documents are produced, 
we (or many of us) are easy captures. The Book of Mormon, Chapter II., 
" The Book of Jacob " (fifth European edition, 1854, p. 118) expressly 
prohibited polygamy. But of what concern is that fact, once the spirit 
of the convert is steeped in credulity ? 

Indifferentism. 

It would be manifestly unfair, however, to regard the continued existence 
of any more or less restricted cult as typical of the county as a whole. If I 
were asked to name the most conspicuous change in Lancashire life within 
the past twenty-five years, I would unhesitatingly say that it lay, not in the 
direction of any branch of orthodoxy, or ethical study, or humanism, or even 
of flagrant secularism, but in the direction of indifferentism, as distinct from 
indifference, i.e. a reasoned disregard, as distinct from mere apathy. 



LANCASHIRE xlvii. 



" Artifex " in a recent issue of the Manchester Guardian (October 5th, 
1916) comments on the humihation of having to preach a rehgion which few 
people take seriously. "If the majority of men repudiated Christianity 
altogether, and stoned the clergy for preaching it, the position would really 
be more tolerable. . . . But there is no hostility to Christianity to-day. 
Indeed, most people seem rather in favour of a little of it. ... It is only 
the idea that the doctrines of the Gospel are applicable in public or inter- 
national relations which seems to all level-headed business men and men of 
the world as obviously absurd and dangerous," 

*' When the Churches were full '* 



Another member of the cloth gave me, shortly before the War, his 
view of the situation. " If I am in any danger of being puffed up," he said, 
" by recalling favours of the past, when the church was crowded, and they 
had to bring in the chairs from the vestry, and fill up the aisles with forms 
from the schoolroom, in order to accommodate the large bodies of people 
who once waited upon my words, I have to remember how I was humbled 
to the dust as I passed away — the public-houses were equally congested. 
It was the same story everjrwhere ; when the churches were full, the jails 
were full. And now that the churches are empty, the public- houses are com- 
plaining of a great slackening of trade, and many jails have had to be pulled 
down because there was ' nothing doing,' and builders wanted the site for 
the erection of workmen's dwellings. I do not suggest that the crowded 
church, the congested public- house, and the full jail, were interdependent 
facts — God forbid. I merely draw attention to the fact that they were 
contemporaneous features, not merely of Lancashire history, but of English 
history as a whole. And that now, we have an equally amazing circum- 
stance : the empty church and the empty jail, are, similarly, features of our 
present day existence." 

The Rise of the Sunday School. 

The Sunday School was once the great " feeder " of the church. 
Originally, the education of the children was secular, as well as religious, 
and though the lessons, in writing and arithmetic, were of a very rudimentary 
character, it was usual to pay the teachers for their services. 

Oldham enjoys the distinction of being the first town in England to enUst 
the aid of honorary workers. For many years the assembly of the Sunday 
School, in the morning at 8, then 8.30, and latterly at 9.30 ; in the afternoon 
at 2.30, proved a great power in the land, particularly in relation to the work of 
Nonconformist churches and chapels. Many Lancashire men trace their moral 
worth and material gains to their enlistment under the Sunday School banner. 

In the southern, or agricultural, counties of England, the Sunday School 
was usually spoken of as " the ragged children's school," but in Lancashire, 
as in Ireland, where Protestantism is a great unifying force, the institution 
provided a common bond of fellowship. The schools were not attended 
solely by the young ; elder scholars did not leave even on reaching early 
manhood and womanhood. As teachers resigned their tasks, recruits to the 
teaching staff were found among the classes of the elder scholars. 

The association of young men and women in a common task of great 
usefulness, constantly led to friendship, and to marriage, and it was in the 
nature of things that the children of such unions should sustain the traditions 
of their parents' lives, by entering the Sunday School. 

Causes of the Decline. 

The decline is due to a variety of causes, (i) The Sunday School was 
never a very popular feature of the work of the Church of England, so long 



xlviii. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

as Church Day Schools flourished. The High Church movement introduced 
other agencies for " looking after the children " ; besides, the Anglican priest 
never had too kind an eye for the lay helper in the domain of spiritual instruc- 
tion. (2) The passing of the Elementary Education Act of 1870, by which 
the ability to read became the birthright of all. (3) The disposition of the 
old-time " elder scholar" to consider his own education first. He looks to 
Sunday, if wet, for his own reading of books, magazines, and Sunday news- 
papers (the latter frequently provide him with a diet of RationaHst thought 
and a chronicle of clerical delinquencies) ; if fine, to recreation in the open-air, 
if married, with his wife and bairns ; if unmarried, with the lady of his choice. 
(4) The facilities which motor omnibuses afford for a change of environment, 
music, and tea in the parks in the afternoon, a concert or " pictures " in the 
evening. (5) Many women are now engaged in factories, shops, and offices, 
or following professional careers. They hold to the idea that they have 
earned their day of rest, or recreation. In any case, since the advent of 
lawn tennis, bicycle, and golf clubs, they are no longer dependent upon the 
Sunday School for their friendships. (6) The widespread disposition to 
question the authority of the clergy, and to regard the Church merely as a 
useful moral agency for keeping " the lower orders " in subjection, civil to 
their " betters," and generally " good." 

Certain of these points have a wider significance, inasmuch as they 
explain, to some extent, the decline in church attendance and the progress of 
indifferentism. 

The Great Leveller. 

The widespread notion that indifference, or indifferentism, affects the 
Protestant community alone, is not based on fact. The leakage from Roman 
Catholicism is represented to me as being, proportionately, quite as high. 
Figures are unobtainable. A careful record is kept of converts to the faith, 
but it is manifestly impossible to set down in any book a slackening of interest, 
covering, perhaps, a long period, and only maturing in an acknowledged 
estrangement, after a lapse of many years. The tendency to drift is 
unmistakable, and though I may be indignantly assailed for saying so, the 
impression remains with those most competent to express an opinion. 

One test is easy. Do other communities with an equally strict code of 
observance fare any better ? Manifestly not. Among Jews, every trading 
instinct, and every social influence, seem to lure them from the faith of Israel. 
In Lancashire we see the first settler is strictly orthodox ; this is a very natural 
expression of his gratitude for escape from thraldom. His children, however, 
have no appreciation of penalties they have never suffered. Besides, social con- 
vention is strictly opposed to any religious display, particularly if it has not 
the sanction and prestige, of comfortable, respectable, well-to-do, English 
orthodoxy. The slackening hold of the synagogue is soon manifest ; the 
hardening process is only a matter of time. 

Lord Cromer has also testified to the fact that where the West comes into 
contact with the East, there is "an ever-increasing class of Moslems who are 
merely nominal believers in the faith of Islam, and who may be practically 
classed as Agnostics." 

Town life is the great leveller. A common environment produces a 
uniformity of outlook and education, and both make for that community of 
interest which breaks down every socially separating barrier. 

Dr. Adler, referring to what he regarded as a mental impossibility — a 
conversion from Judaism to the Cross — said to me : "A bad Jew makes a worse 
Christian, but he never ceases to be a Jew." I cannot imagine what that 
gentle and refined scholar would have said of the unmistakable growth of 
indifferentism. 



LANCASHIRE xiix. 



Not Irreligious. 

Yet the people of Lancashire are not irreligious in the wider sense of that 
term. 

No one can pass through the streets of any factory, or colliery district, 
on any Sunday evening, without noting the vast improvement in the habits, 
character, and comforts of the typical working-class house. 

The heart of the people is sound — never more so. Nowhere in the country 
is the response to the call of charity, or national honour, so quick as in Lanca- 
shire — it comes with the full of both hands, from cottage and hall. The 
radiating light of two great Universities is on education everywhere. The 
evidences of an advancing civihsation are visible on every hand — books, 
newspapers and pictures. Temperance has made giant strides. Every home 
has the taste, the aptitude and the faculty of a musical evening, or an hour 
at cards. Not a household that does not make provision for a week, or a 
couple of weeks, at the seaside, at least once in every year. 

In a word, Lancashire loves play as it loves work, and gratifies both 
ambitions with all its might. 

Lancashire's Lead. 

The pride of Lancashire, " What Lancashire says to-day, England will 
say to-morrow," would be vain without some support from modern history. 

Temperance. 

Whether the temperance movement started at Warrington, Bolton or 
Preston is a matter of some dispute, but there is no doubt that it was the 
action of " the Seven Men of Preston," who, in 1832, attached their signatures 
to a memorandum by which they pledged themselves to total abstinence, 
that gave the movement public importance. One of the seven was a connec- 
tion of my own family. The term, "teetotal," stands for "tee-tee-total." 
Over and over again this is represented as indicative of the stumbHng speech 
of one of the septette. As a matter of fact, Richard Turner, the man in 
question, was not a stutterer ; he simply toyed with the initial " t " in " total " 
very much as some men do, nowadays, with " absolute " and as some women 
do with " awful." Where the vocabulary is small, many people of limited 
scholarship resort to an unnatural emphasis of a word which they remember, 
and think they understand. By this means, they endeavour to enforce an 
argument by stress, drawl, emphasis, or mere reiteration. 

The progress of the temperance movement is one of the wonders of the 
age. With prohibition in force in Russia and France, the teetotal pledge of 
" the seven men of Preston " more than ever stands out as an example of 
Lancashire leading the way. Manchester may claim to be the home of the 
movements for Sunday Closing and for Prohibition. In the days of S. Pope, 
Q.C., and the late Sir Wilfrid Lawson, the United Kingdom Alliance made 
Prohibition a burning question. 

Free Trade and Freed Land. 

Cobden (I have already alluded to Bright) was not a Lancashire man, 
though I see him described, in one of the encyclopaedias, as " the representative 
man of the Manchester school." He was one of another septette, and out 
of the combination, formed in 1838, grew the Anti-Corn Law League. Backed 
by Cobden's tireless zeal for Free Trade in corn (and in land also, if possible), 
this body established, under Sir Robert Peel, the leading, or more urgently 
called-for principle in their programme, in 1846. 

Cobden was typical of the county in his devotion to trade. At a time when 
we are pillorying his theories, and arranging the basis of a commercial bond 
with our Allies in war, it is worth remembering that Cobden combated Russo- 



1. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 



phobia, as far back as 1836. He did this with an enthusiasm and far-sighted- 
ness that ought to have saved us from the folly of " backing the wrong horse " 
(to use Lord Salisbury's words) in the Crimean War. He also concluded a 
commercial treaty with France, in i860. 

Cobden's great dream, however, was of a freed land for the English, 
England for the English, or " Back to the Land," as we now call it, in order 
to sohdif}' at their source of origin our national strength and productiveness. 
We applied the Cobden salve, but forgot the Cobden medicine. 

Did Lancashire teach Cobden all that he ever knew ? In that event 
we have ground for claiming him as one of Lancashire's aptest pupils, and if 
he were not a Lancastrian in blood, he was in mind, and his biography has 
been written by that true and distinguished son of our soil, Lord Morley of 
Blackburn. 

Co-operation. 

Co-operation has made great strides since twenty-eight weavers. Socialists 
of the old Richard Owen and Chartist school, painfully collected ^^28 and 
started the Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers in 1844. Holyoake 
has told the story in his " History " (1875-1879) and " Self-Help " (1888). 
London has been a successful imitator: witness the many "Stores" estab- 
lished in public favour on the co-operative principle. 

Food Reform. 

The Vegetarian Society (established 1846), the oldest and most important 
society in England concerning itself with the question of food reform and 
the promulgation of the idea of the beauty of all Hfe to a pure mind in a clean 
body, has had its headquarters and its most active workers in Manchester for 
many years. 

Where the appeal to humanitarianism and the higher senses has failed, 
the evils attaching to a flesh diet have operated, with the result that a steadily 
increasing measure of success has attended the work of the society — which is 
international in its scope. 

Over the period of the last twenty-five years or more there has been a 
growing tendency among cultured people to restrict the consumption of flesh food. 
The suggestion that cancer, appendicitis, and other ills find an easy victim in 
the heavy flesh-eater, has proved a powerful lever in the progress of the cause. 

Since the beginning of the War, vegetarianism has made giant strides ; 
the semi-compulsory Lenten fast of 1917 has afforded grim satisfaction to 
the fathers of the movement in Lancashire. Where love could not induce, 
necessity drives. 

Friendly Societies. 

In the region of self-help we have the Manchester Unity of Oddfellows, 
to which my father devoted the larger half of a long hfe, and two immensely 
powerful organisations, the Royal Liver and the Liverpool Victoria Friendly 
Societies, Lancashire again leading the way. 

Reference and Lending Libraries. 

Humphrey Chetham established a great reference library in Manchester 
as far back as 1653. The collection was at one time the largest in the kingdom, 
those of London, Oxford, and Cambridge alone excepted. 

There is considerable doubt, however, as to the claim of the Chetham 
Library to priority. Dr. Alfred A. Mumford has recently shown that Man- 
chester possessed a town library several years earlier, and that as a result of 
the many facilities for scholarship, Manchester attained a high reputation 
for study in mathematics, natural philosophy, constitutional law, Hebrew, 
and theology. 



LANCASHIRE li. 



About the middle of the eighteenth century Liverpool established a 
proprietary library, and thereby laid the foundation of a local school of 
learning: witness William Roscoe (1753-1831), the author of "The Life of 
Lorenzo de Medici, called the Magnificent," and " The History of the Life 
and Pontificate of Leo X.." and Dr. James Currie {1756-1805). who 
published " The Works of Robert Burns with an account of his life, and a 
criticism on his writings" (printed and published in Liverpool, not London 
as so often represented, in four vols., 1800), a work undertaken by 
Dr. Currie solely for the purpose of benefiting the family of the poet. 

Still England lagged far behind the Continent in the provision of 
repositories for books. Even in the British Museum, Gibbon was so poorly served, 
tJhat he declared the greatest city of the world to be still destitute of a 
public library. The later volumes of the work which made him the 
first of all English historians, if not also the first of all historians, were written 
at Lausanne, amid a collection not more than six thousand volumes in extent. 

The need of libraries, to which the general public might have easy access, 
was urgent, and Lancashire led the way. William Ewart, who was born in 
Liverpool, and for some years represented his native city in the House of 
Commons (Wigan and Dumfries thereafter), got several bills through Parlia- 
ment advancing the cause of his dearly loved idea. The principal measure 
(1850) empowered local authorities to levy a rate of a halfpenny (in 1855 
increased to a penny) in the pound, for the upkeep of such institutions. 

A Neck and Neck Race. 

The great boroughs were spurred into activity. The keen rivalry of the 
two chief towns of Lancashire is proverbial. An encyclopaedia states that 
Manchester "led the way" in 1852 and that the library of Liverpool was not 
opened till i860. This conveys an entirely false impression. It was, as it 
ought to be always, a neck and neck race. 

The Liverpool Council pledged themselves by vote on the 14th of April, 
1850, and the date " 1850 " is borne on the first catalogue, as being the year 
in which the collection was first formed. On the i8th of October, 1852, the 
Library was opened in Duke Street, in premises formerly known as the Union 
News Room. An enlarged site was soon required, and Ewart's enthusiasm 
being shared by Sir Wm. Brown, his friend, fellow-townsman and legislative 
colleague, the latter made gift, in 1857, o^ :£40.ooo, for the purpose of a new 
building. This structure, which was opened on the i8th of October, i860, 
was made to include the Museum of Antiquities, presented by Joseph Mayer ; 
and (by virtue of a special Act of Parliament) the Museum of Natural History', 
presented by the 13th Earl of Derby ; to which there has since been conjoined 
the Picton Reading Room (so named to perpetuate the memory of Sir James 
Allanson Picton, the antiquarian and historian, who presided over the 
Library, Museum and Arts Committee for the greater part of a long life), 
built by the Corporation at a cost of about ;{25,ooo. 

Neither was the idea of free libraries of Scottish origin. It is true that 
Ewart was of Scottish extraction, but Brown was born at Ballymena, Co. 
Antrim. The two men were united by another bond of sympathy — the desire 
to see the estabhshment of the metric system, both as to our coinage, and to 
our bewildering scales of weight and measure. In the year of Brown's death 
(1864), Ewart got a bill through Parliament, legaUsing the metric system, 
but, ahead of his time by more than half a century, he died in 1869, without 
converting Lancashire to this simple expedient of promoting trade and 
education. 

Manchester has a priceless collection of books in the Rylands Library, 
of which the Spencer Library from Althorp, Northampton, is alone sufficient 
to distinguish it among the great book treasure houses of the world. 

Both cities are dotted with Lending Libraries, whereby " the man is made 



lii. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

a better mechanic, and the mechanic a better man." Nearly every town and 
village has its library. The result is always the same. Where there is a 
good library, and an earnest and efficient librarian, the whole tone of a 
community is raised by the ideals of our incomparable literature. 

The Suffrage for Women. 

The question of a woman's right to vote at elections to Parliament flits 
slyly across the page of history, as well it might, after the savage opposition 
men encountered in getting the franchise for themselves, and representation 
for great centres of wealth and population, like Manchester, Birmingham, 
Leeds, etc. Under such terms as " universal," " adult," and " household " 
suffrage, the franchise for women was from time to time hinted at, years 
even before Miss Lydia Becker was born. But to Lancashire in general, and 
to Miss Becker in particular, belong the distinction of initiating the move- 
ment as we know it to-day. 

The suitability of the soil was obvious. The familiar jibe, " a woman's 
place is in the home," is a foolish jest, in a land where so many thousands of 
women are necessary to the staple industry, and are thereby economically 
independent. Besides, until legislation intervened, we had women working 
in the coal-mines, as well as in the weaving-sheds. 

Lydia Ernestine Becker was born in 1827. Her father was a calico printer 
at Accrington, from 1838 to 1865, when the family moved to Manchester. In 
October, 1866, she attended the meeting of the Social Science Association, 
and heard the address of Madame Bodichon (Barbara Leigh-Smith). The 
enthusiasm of Miss Becker was kindled to an extraordinary degree. She 
formed a committee, wrote an article in the Contemporary Review for 
March, 1S67, and established a society pledged to the cause of women, all 
within a few months. By 1870 she was a member of the newly created School 
Board of Manchester, and Editor of, and chief contributor to. The Women's 
Suffrage Journal, probably the first periodical solely devoted to franchise 
reform for women. 

Miss Becker remained the fountain-head of the movement till her death 
in 1890. The mantle of reformer then fell to another Manchester lady, of 
Manx descent. The achievements of Mrs. Pankhurst, in the field of militant 
agitation, were the history of our daily newspaper, until the War called for a 
truce to internal strife. 

The Champion of Purity. 

Another aspect of the woman's cause was taken up by Lancashire, chiefly 
by Mrs. Josephine Butler, who settled in Liverpool in 1866. Refusing to 
recognise that standard of morality, by which thousands of women in seaport 
and garrison towns seemed destined to become the mere toy of men's passion, 
Mrs. Josephine Butler led the way in a movement wherein much still remains 
to be done, of which mid- Victorian ideas of morality took no ken. 

Mrs. Josephine Elizabeth Butler was born in 1828. In 1896 she published 
" Personal Reminiscences of a Great Crusade." She died in 1906. 

The atrium of the Lady Chapel of the new Liverpool Cathedral contains 
a reproduction of a drawing of Mrs. Butler in early life, with the inscription : 
" To Josephine Butler and all brave champions of purity." 

*♦ Save the Child." 

The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children owes its inception 
to Lancashire, and in particular to the Rev. Benjamin Waugh, of Southport, 
and for over twenty years Editor of the Sunday Magazine. I remember Hugh 
Stowell Brown, a famous Lancashire preacher in his day, sajdng, " It is a cynical 
tribute to our age that a society for the prevention of cruelty to children 



LANCASHIRE mi 



should, as it were, grow out of an organisation for the protection of dogs." 
The cynic, too, might have pointed to the wide gap in years between the 
estabhshment of the two agencies. 

The Liverpool Society was founded in 1883 ; the London Society in 1884. 
The consohdation of an organisation covering the whole country was a life 
work, and to it Waugh devoted all his energies. 

No one without some inside knowledge can form the least idea of the 
influence, persistency and ferocity of the opposition. In the later years of 
his life, I spent many a quiet hour with the " Children's Champion " in his garden 
at St. Alban's and had some opportunity of taking the measure of the man. 
My memory is enriched by a singularly quiet, gracious and winning personality. 
Waugh was tremendously in earnest, single-minded, determined. If he ever 
faltered in his task, opposition provided him with all the zest he required, 
ever holding to the watchword "Save the child"; a slight variation on 
"Save the Boy," first used, I think, by Monsignor Nugent, as a plea for 
support for his home for boys in St. Anne's Street, Liverpool. 

When his strength was overcome and his spirit was in danger of breaking, 
Waugh had one unfailing panacea — a fortnight in a kind of English Trappist 
monastery where no letters, telegrams, or newspapers are received, and no talk 
permitted, save for the indulgence of a few minutes in the late afternoon. 

The Act called " the Children's Charter " put extraordinarily wide powers 
within the Society's discretion ; it also saved the head of the Society from 
the machinations of rascally lawyers and other dangers. The " Children's 
Champion " was born in 1839, and died in 1908. Rosa V^'augh issued a 
biography of her father in 19 12. 

A Unique Library. 

The Hornby Library of fine art books, prints, and autographs, is housed 
in a building of classic design, adjoining the Picton Reading Room, at 
Liverpool, and is in charge of Mr. George T. Shaw, the chief librarian to the 
Corporation, 

In 1900 Hugh Frederick Hornby, a merchant of Liverpool, bequeathed his 
art library of books, prints, and autographs, together with ;f 10,000 " to assist 
the authorities to provide a building in which to store this collection, and in 
which the engravings, books, etc., may be exhibited to the public." The 
catalogue contains nearly 8,000 books, some of great rarity. In addition, 
there are about 8,500 prints, many of high value, and over 3^^000 autographs, 
all of lasting interest. There is also a very fine collection of the work of modern 
bookbinders. 

Child Life. 

Great attention is now being given to the reduction of infantile mortality, 
by the care of mothers, both before and after childbirth Sir William Hartley 
has set aside a large sum for the establishment of a pre-natal hospital on modem 
scientific hues, whilst the medical authority in every big town is stemming the 
waste by a pure milk supply, open spaces, and the destruction of breeding 
grounds for the common housefly. 

Lancashire in Literature. 

All librarians having charge of public collections devote great attention 
to the enrichment of those sections dealing with Lancashire as a whole, their 
own locality in particular. The catalogue of these institutions reveal an 
immense body of books, of which not one-hundredth part can obtain mention 
in these pages. Lieut. -Col. Henry Fishwick prepared a bibliography, entitled 
"The Lancashire Library" (1875). 

To these lists the reader must refer if he would know (i) the authority for 



liv. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

our history ; (2) gauge the contribution of Lancashire authors to the hterature 
of the county ; and (3) measure the activities of authors of Lancashire birth, 
education, or residence in other fields of learning. But as every house, making 
any claims to culture and refinement, has its library, and every library has its 
" Lancashire section," it is fitting that I should detail a few outstanding names 
and titles. 

Books of the Prehistoric Ages. 

A Lancashire library may begin with history before history began — 
with books by Sir Charles Lyell, Huxley, Lubbock, Greenwell, Rolleston, and 
Boyd Dawkins. The last-named has made a great reputation by his " Cave 
Hunting, Researches Respecting the Early Inhabitants of Europe " (1874) ; 
and "Early Man in Britain" (1880). Works hke Charles Isaac Elton's 
" Origins of English History " (1882), and Nottidge Charles Macnamara's 
slighter volume, " Origin and Character of the British People " (1900), both 
of which afford a digest of original research, may also find a place in such a 
collection. In this way, the prehistoric era is linked to the period for which 
we have something, more or less, remotely resembUng a contemporary record. 

The Era of Celtica. 

For the Celtic ages we have no sure guide, and only for vague and uncer- 
tain deduction do we turn to the pages of Irish, French, and Welsh scholars. 
An immense mass of manuscript material has come down to us from the pens 
of the Irish annalists — enough to fill 1,500 octavo volumes. Centuries 
will pass before these great stores have been turned over, deciphered, translated, 
and published. Meanwhile, we have recourse to work already done ; to 
books bearing the names of O'Donovan, O'Curry, Joyce, Wood-Martin, and a 
score more, for the light they throw, now directly, now obliquely, upon the tale 
of our uprising. In France we have the Celtic studies of H. D'Arbois de Jubain- 
ville, Renan, and many others ; in Wales, the rich legacy of Prof. Sir John 
Rhys (" Celtic Britain," 1882); and Prof. Edward Anwyl ("Celtic Rehgion," 
1906) — in truth, almost a whole nation that is devoted to the study of the past. 
Many place-names, for example, Lancaster (Lun-caster), Liverpool (Lyr's- 
pool), are inscrutable mysteries without reference to the springs of Celtic faith. 

Classic Travellers' Tales. 

For the period of the Roman occupation we turn to Caesar's " Com- 
mentaries," Strabo's tales of travel, etc. The scheme of " Monumenta 
Historica Celtica" (vol. i., 1911) is to present all the references to the 
Celts that are to be found scattered through the works of Greece and 
Rome from the tenth century B.C. to the fifth century a.d. Care, how- 
ever, is necessary in winnowing fact from fiction ; yet, without a trace of 
misgiving, much of our early history has been compounded hitherto of such 
imaginative stuff as travellers' tales are often made of. Certain Greek scribes 
had a tine taste in make-believe ; geography afforded an unrivalled field 
for the exercise of this alluring art. 

To the Venerable Bede we are, in common with the rest of Britain, 
indebted for the general outline of our history down to a.d. 731. Even when 
the land we now denominate " Lancashire" first comes definitely into view, 
we are still provoked by the prevalence of myth and shadow. Dr. Gaster 
and other learned folk-lorists have shown that King Arthur has many an exact 
counterpart in ancient story. 

Our Individual History. 

Our individual history is in process of development in " The Anglo-Saxon 
Chronicle," of which Benjamin Thorpe published a translation (1861). For 



LANCASHIRE Iv. 



the period of the Danish-Norwegian invasion and conquest, 795 to 104G, we 
have the poetic sagas of the northern invader, and such fragments of history 
as have come down to us from the monks, with whom the Scandinavians 
first waged a deadly quarrel, and ultimately estaVjlished a curious imitation 
of peace. Mr. S. W. Partington's " The Danes in Lancashire" (1909), is a 
useful addition to this department of our learning, though it makes no pretence 
to scientific scholarship, either in discovery of fact or presentment of idea. 
For the Norman Conquest we turn to the classic work of Freeman, and 
to the general page of history we refer for those years which marked the 
creation of a line of Earls of Lancaster, Dukes of Lancaster, the Palatinate, 
the Duchy, the Civil War, the Protectorate, and the Restoration. 

The First Lancashire Book. 

The first Lancashire made book is said to have been " A Guide to Heaven," 
dating from Manchester, 1664 ; but it is very doubtful if there were any press 
in the county thirty years earlier than 1694, when the censorship was 
abolished. 

•* Tim Bobbin." 

The eighteenth century was nearly half spent before the industrial rise 
had set in. The career of John Collier belongs to the years 1708-1786. He 
was a schoolmaster and a caricaturist, but made his reputation as a student 
of the dialect. He first used the pen-name " Tim Bobbin " in 1739. Of his 
" View of the Lancashire Dialect by way of Dialogue " (1746), there has been 
a never-ending stream of editions. 

John Corry, an Irishman and a journalist, wrote a memoir of " Tim 
Bobbin." He was the handyman in literature, author of lives of Wm. Cowper, 
the poet ; Joseph Priestly, the chemist and Rationalist ; and histories of Liver- 
pool, Bristol, and Macclesfield. His " History of Lancashire," 2 vols., 4 to, 
is dated 1825. 

Baines' History. 

Another " History of Lancashire " was also the work of a journalist. 
Edward Baines was a native, but passed most of his years in Leeds, where he 
brought up the Mercury to a position of great influence and prosperity. In 
1823 he produced a " History, Directory, and Gazetteer of the County of York." 
From a Liverpool press, in the year next following, he issued a similar work 
dealing with Lancashire. The material was subsequently rearranged and 
expanded, and then we had " The History of the County Palatine and Duchy of 
Lancashire," 4 vols., 4to, 1836. A " new, revised and improved edition," 
by J. Harland, 2 vols., 4to, appeared 1868-1870, and a further reissue, edited by 
James Croston, in 1888. 

Both Harland and Croston were enthusiastic antiquarians. The first 
named was a highly efficient shorthand writer in Hull when, in 1830, Tavlor, 
of the Manchester Guardian, brought him to Manchester. He became a 
student of Lancashire history, edited various volumes of the Chetham Society, 
and published " Ballads and Songs of Lancashire, chiefly older than the nine- 
teenth century " (1865) ; with T. T. Wilkinson, " Lancashire Folk Lore " 
(1867), and was identified with other publications of local concern. 

Roby's "Traditions." 

" The Traditions of Lancashire," of which John Roby was the author, 
was first published in 1829. The book, which is still in demand, had a strong 
appeal to so discriminating an antiquary as Sir Walter Scott, though we are 
not without a suspicion that Roby drew upon his own fancy in the adorning of 
a tale. 



Ivi. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

The Last Words in History. 

Besides histories of Kirkham and Rochdale, and the bibhography already 
referred to, Lieut. -Col. Henry Fishwick was the author of " A History of 
Lancashire " in a series of popular county histories (1894). County history 
has its fitting culmination in " The Victoria History of the Counties of 
England," where, within handsome volumes, all scarlet and gold, modern 
scholarship finds expression (1906-7). 

"The Encyclopaedia Britannica" (nth edition) contains an admirable 
summary covering several pages, and "Chambers' Encyclopaedia" produces a 
handy digest, supplemented by biographical and subject articles scattered 
through the ten volumes. 

Biographies of Worthies. 

Hartley Coleridge, the eldest son of the great poet, critic and philosopher, 
was living with Bingley, a publisher, in Leeds, when a large biographical work 
dealing with the great names of Lancashire and Yorkshire was projected. 
Thirteen lives had been written when Bingley failed. Subsequently, Coleridge's 
work, as far as it had gone, was published under the titles " Biographia Borealis " 
(1833) and " Worthies of Yorkshire and Lancashire" (1836). 

Francis Espinasse issued his well-known " Lancashire Worthies " in 1874, 
and a second series in 1877. " Lancashire Leaders " was the name given to 
two rather slender volumes that emerged from an Exeter press at the price 
of three guineas (1895). 

Famous Lancastrians fill a large amount of space in " The National Dictionary 
of Biography." Many men, whose fame is local, rather than national, are to 
be found in the old volumes of The Biograph, Men and Women of the Day, 
and like publications. Nearly every centre of population has its own local 
honours list, of which Benjamin Guiness Orchard's " Liverpool Legion of 
Honour " (1893) is, perhaps, the best example, though Orchard's own life 
contained more moving incident than any one of those whose career he set 
down with such care and fidelity. 

Birds, Churches, and Goblins. 

A large number of books must pass without any individual mention ; 
enough to indicate their general scope. They deal with the genealogy of the 
old families ; with the old halls in which those families were, or, happily, are 
housed ; with the geology, mythology, and topography of the county ; with 
the features of the Lancashire sea-coast ; with the ancient battle-fields ; with 
birds, churches, and goblins ; with gleanings from the country-side and the 
crowded city ; with domestic architecture and the size of the manufacturing 
towns ; with the blossoms of garden and moor ; with those flowers of our 
own inventive fancy that belong to our intellectual youth. Little has been 
wholly neglected ; a thousand pens have endeavoured to tell the tale. To a 
formidable gathering of books and tracts, must be added an entire library of 
Transactions of the various learned societies, wherein are to be found many 
papers of local historic interest. 

Histories of Localities. 

There is also an immense body of books dealing with the history of 
individual towns and particular localities. With these I cannot attempt any 
names in this survey of the literature of the county as a whole ; every corpora- 
tion library has its own list. 

The Record Society. 

The work of the Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, with which 
Mr. J. Paul Rylands and a group of earnest and able students of history and 



LANCASHIRE Ivii. 



archaeology are identified, calls for definite mention and cordial appreciation. 
" Lancashire and Cheshire Cases in the Court of Star Chambers," edited by 
Mr. Arnold Stewart Brown, is the latest addition to an illuminative series. 

The Roscoe Family. 

When I turn to the work of Lancashire authors in fields of learning outside 
the county, I can hazard no more than a few names. William Roscoe, 
the Italian scholar, historian, and abolitionist, has been already referred to. 
Henry wrote a life of his father. He married Maria, the granddaughter of 
Dr. William Enfield, the preacher, and author of a "History of Liverpool" 
(1773). Maria Roscoe had been a widow thirty-two years, when she published 
" Vittoria Colonna: her life and times" (1868). Sir Henry Enfield Roscoe, 
the famous chemist, and author of the text-book, " Lessons in Elementary 
Chemistry " (1866), a world success, was her son. Sir Edward Thorpe has 
recently published a biography of his distinguished master and friend (1916). 

Thomas Roscoe, the fifth son of Wm. Roscoe, wrote books on Venice and 
Granada, and translated the memoirs of Benvenuto Cellini (1822), but his 
reputation rests upon translations of continental novelists : — Italian, (1823) ; 
German, (1826) ; Spanish, (1832). William Caldwell Roscoe, a frequent 
contributor to the Natianal Review, was a grandson of the author of " Leo X." 
R. H. Hutton, a brother-in-law, issued a memoir. 

Byrom's Shorthand. 

Dr. John Byrom, the Jacobite poet, and inventor of a system of shorthand, 
Avas a native of Broughton, Manchester. Some years after his death there 
appeared " Universal Enghsh Shorthand" (1767) and "Miscellaneous Poems" 
(1773). 

Mrs. Remans and the Chorley Brothers. 

Mrs. Hemans, who holds her place in the affections of the public by certain 
little lyrics which are to be found in every school collection, and for a gracious, 
winning nature to which Sir Walter Scott paid a magnificent tribute, was a 
native of Liverpool. Her " Memoirs " (1836) were written by Henry 
Fothergill Chorley, an able but embittered critic. Chorley enjoj'ed the friend- 
ship of Dickens ; his elder brother, John Rutter Chorley, secretary of the 
Liverpool and Birmingham Railway, must have had still rarer qualities of 
mind and heart, inasmuch as he called forth the appreciation of Carlyle. " I 
know no man in these flimsy days (present days are always flimsy days) 
... so widely and correctly informed," was Carlyle's tribute ; fine words 
despite their quahfication. 

De Ouincey and the Broughs. 

De Quincey, the graceful essayist, was born in Manchester. In his 
Autobiography he speaks of " the inexhaustible admiration " which he cherished 
" for the moral qualities, unrivalled energy and perseverance of the Lancashire 
people." Robert Brough passed his early manhood in the county. He edited 
the Liverpool Lm«, wrote prose and verse for The Train and Household Words. 
His brother Lionel, of amiable memory, worked nobly for the Cotton Famine 
Fund, and introduced us to the joy of our youth, the spectral illusion called 
" Pepper's Ghost " (1863). 

Mrs. Gaskell's Great Biography. 

Mrs. Gaskell was born in Chelsea, but passed the eventful years of her 
life in Manchester. She has cast imperishable lustre upon Lancashire literature 
by her " Mary Barton " (1848) and other novels, and by her life of Charlotte 
Bronte (1857). 



Iviii. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 



The Martineaus. 

The encyclopaedias notwithstanding, we have slender claims upon the 
honour surrounding the names of either Harriet Martineau or her brother, 
James Martineau, who were of Huguenot descent, though we should love to 
treasure both as of our truest stock. 

Lancashire Novelists. 

William Harrison Ainsworth, author of " Rookwood " and about thirty 
other enormously successful stories, took infinite pleasure in the title of " The 
Lancashire Novelist," conferred upon him at a complimentary dinner at 
Manchester, September 15th 1881, when the guests included Silas K. Hocking, 
author of " Smoking Flax," etc., Mrs. George Linnaeus Banks, author of " The 
Manchester Man," and Miss Jessie Fothergill, author of " The First Violin." 
Reference should be made to " Ainsworth and his Friends" (2 vols., 1911). 

Another famous novelist was born at Manchester — Mr. Nathaniel Gould, 
the author of about 120 novels dealing chiefly with the turf. 

Arthur Bright, Ireland, and Axon. 

Henry Arthur Bright, a Liverpool merchant, beloved of the first Lord 
Houghton, conveyed no slight measure of the glamour of the earth and the 
sunshine of flowers to his " Year in a Lancashire Garden " (1879). Alexander 
Ireland, was a friend of Emerson, and of Chambers, of " Vestiges of Creation " 
fame. Ireland was the author of " The Book Lover's Enchiridion " (1882) 
and an admirable volume on Hazlitt (1889). His wife, Mrs. Annie Ireland, 
was the biographer of Jane Welsh Carlyle (1891). W. E. A. Axon, librarian 
by training, journalist by selection, author, poet, and idealist by choice, wrote 
" Gleanings " and " Echoes " of Lancashire. 

*' That Lass o' Lowrie's *' and *' Dorrie." 

Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett, though she left the county in her seven- 
teenth year, has given us, in "That Lass o' Lowrie's" (1877), probably the 
best short story to which Lancashire scene and character have given rise. 
William Tirebuck, who in conversation revealed a charm he never wholly 
succeeded in transferring to the printed page, was the author of " Dorrie " 
(1891), a powerful, but sombre story, with a Liverpool setting. I remember, 
with pleasure, that Tolstoy was impressed with Tirebuck's work. The pity 
is, he never lived to realise his high ideals. 

Studies of Ancient Faith. 

Dr. Thomas Inman, physician to the Royal Infirmary, Liverpool, was 
the author of " Ancient Faiths embodied in Ancient Names : or, an attempt 
to trace the Religious Belief, Sacred Rites and Holy Emblems of Certain 
Nations " (vol. i., 789 pp., 1868 ; vol. ii., 1028 pp., 1869) and other books of like 
character containing much original scholarship but lamentably lacking in 
orderly presentment — an astonishing defect in a man of scientific attainments. 
Dr. Inman enjoys the distinction of being, perhaps, the only Lancashire author 
whose books are as saleable in New York, or San Francisco, as in Liverpool, 
or Manchester, and at prices, too, in advance of the terms on publication, 
though in the interval many authors, of less original mind, have gathered 
sheaves from his rich fields and housed the harvest for their own. 

Reminiscences of the Rossettis. 

On Plutarch's plea, so aptly quoted by Boswell, that " very often an 
action of small note, a short saying, or a jest, distinguishes a person's real 
character " more than an important battle, my late sister, Lily Hall Caine, 
a native of Liverpool, pubhshed a sketch of her " Child's Reminiscences of 



LANCASHIRE Ux. 



Rossetti." My sister was puzzled, rather than pleased, when the trifles of 
a little girl's memories of the great poet and painter passed into the scrutiny 
of the literary laboratory. 

Mr. Mackenzie Bell, also a Lancastrian, is the author of " Christina 
Rossetti, a biographical and critical study " (1898). 

Great Poets of Prose and Verse. 

At one time both Ruskin and Tennyson were Lancastrians by settlement, 
Ruskin living at Brantwood and Tennyson at Tent House, both on the eastern 
bank of Coniston Lake. Arthur Hugh Clough, whose life and work reveal the 
spiritual unrest of his age, was a native of Liverpool. Sir William Watson 
passed the years of early manhood in south-west Lancashire, and his early 
books bear a Liverpool imprint. 

Francis Thompson was born at Preston. At Owens College, Manchester, 
he sought to qualify himself as a doctor. Drifting to London, he had to 
face a bitter struggle for bread. Recognition came tardily, though he wrote 
unique things that are now admitted to " make for immortaUty." " Since 
Gabriel's ' Blessed Damozel ' no mystical words have so touched me as ' The 
Hound of Heaven,' " said Burne-Jones. One of " the very few great odes of 
which the language can boast," was the tribute of Coventry Patmore. 

Thompson died in 1907. A collected edition edited by the poet's Uterary 
executor, Mr. Wilfrid MeyneU, with portrait by the Hon. Ne\ille Lytton, was 
published in 1913. 

Books Dealing with China. 

China occupies a large place in the commercial life of Manchester and 
Liverpool, particularly in the textile trade of the first-named city. Mr. 
Edward Harper Parker, who was educated at a school conducted by the 
Rev. John Brunner (father of the present Right Hon. Sir John T. Brunner, 
Bart.), at Everton, and the Royal Institution School, Liverpool, is Professor 
of Chinese in Manchester, and Reader in Liverpool. He is the author of 
an entire library of works relating to China : travel, history, ethnology, 
philology, religion, statistics and law. I never turn to Prof. Parker's " Studies 
in Chinese Religion " (1910) — which includes the article, " Chinese Blessed- 
ness," he contributed to Hastings' "Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics " — 
without illumination. 

Writers in the Dialect. 

Edwin Waugh, author of " Come whoam to thi childer an' me," sustained 
the best traditions of Lancashire as a writer in the dialect. To a later genera- 
tion of readers, Waugh's reputation suffers from the over-conscientious zeal 
of men who were attached to a most likeable man. Waugh's genius, however, 
was not of that order that it can continue to sustain the strain of a collected 
edition in ten volumes (1881-90). A saner tribute would be a gathering of the 
best, and a judicious forgetting of the remainder. What Alexander Ireland 
did for HazHtt, a new Lancashire author, of equal sympathy and discrimina- 
tion, should do for Waugh. The same criticism appHes with equal force to the 
work of Samuel Laycock, and also to that of Ben Brierley, who issued for some 
years, with great acceptance, a bright weekly miscellany, called Ben Brierky's 
Journal, wherein the dialect was never wholly absent. 

In a similar field, Mr. Allen Clarke, otherwise known as " Teddy Ashton," 
author of " Windmill Land " (i9i6),and various dialect sketches of Lancashire 
lads and lasses, has attained high favour. The names of Messrs. Fred Plant 
(Stockport), William Baron (Rochdale), Ammon Wrigley (Delph, near Old- 
ham), Joseph Baron (Blackburn), and Langford Saunders (Eccles), must be 



Ix. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 



included in any list of honourable mention for authorship in the domain of 

the terse folk speech of the county. 

The Lancashire Authors' Association. 

All these, I believe, are connected with the Lancashire Authors' Associa- 
tion (instituted in 1909) . This organisation is doing a laudable work in banding 
together members of the writing fraternity, working, or residing within, and 
interested in the literary concerns of the county. That such a body should 
exist — no other county in England can make a like claim — is a glowing tribute 
to the interest in native literature, and the growing dignity of the profession 
of letters. 

Gompilations. 

George Bradshaw, of railway time-table fame, was a native of Pendleton. 
Apprenticed to an engraver, the idea occurred to him to issue several maps of 
our inland waterways (1830) — steam packets first plied on the canals in 1812 
— and some years later a similar presentment of our newly established iron 
roadways (1838). Bradshaw' s Railway Time Tables first appeared in 1839 ; 
in 1840 the title was changed to Companion ; and in December, 1841, the Guide 
was introduced. A kindred issue, Bradshaw's Railway Manual and Share- 
holders' Guide, beginning 1848, affords a fund of material relating to the rapid 
development of the railway systems of the world. 

Grocott's " Index to Famihar Quotations from British Authors " was 
first published in Liverpool (1854), where the compiler, John C. Grocott, held 
the post of registrar to the ancient borough court. 

New Features in Journalism. 

Lancashire was the place of origin of a type of journal that has had a 
marked influence upon the current of popular reading, even on the character 
and contents of many of our daily newspapers of large circulation. Tit Bits 
began its course in Manchester under the editorship of George Newnes (after- 
wards Sir George Newnes, Bart.). Sir Arthur Pearson's right-hand man in the 
production of Pearson's Weekly, Pearson's Magazine, Home Notes, and alhed 
pubhcations, was Peter Keary, a native of Liverpool. Mr. Robert Leighton, 
who has established an enduring reputation as a writer of boys' books, was 
formerly connected with the Liverpool Porcupine (a social and satirical journal 
founded by Hugh Shimmin, a Manxman) ; was thereafter for some years 
a Director of Answers, and part-author of much sensational fiction appearing 
in the pages of Lord Northcliffe's first journal. 

Mr. Louis Tracy, author of " The Final War " (1896) and many other 
popular books, mostly fiction, a journalist by training and connected at one 
time with the Sun and Evening News of London, is a native of Liverpool, 

The genius of the late W. F. Tillotson, of Bolton, found expression in two 
important directions. His name is identified with the Tillotson Newspaper 
Syndicate, which he formed for pubUshing simultaneously, in various news- 
papers throughout the world, original works of fiction by great authors. He 
also gave to his native town one of the first, if not the first, daily halfpenny 
evening journals in the country — the Bolton Evening News — before Man- 
chester or London possessed such a paper. 

The Artisan's Sunday Reading. 

The Sunday Chronicle, of Manchester, established itself in public favour 
by the vigour and daring of a small group of able writers, of whom " Nunquam," 
the pen-name of Mr. Robert Blatchford, author of that cynically named book, 
"Merrie England," remains the livest and most conspicuous figure. Many 
other Sunday newspapers have appeared, and many old-established weekly 



LANCASHIRE Ixi. 



newspapers have succumbed to the competition, while others have altered 
their appearance and poKcy, in order to conform to pubUc demands. 

To shut one's eyes to the success of the large number of weekly newspapers 
now issued for Sunday reading — nearly all of them have a large circulation 
among the working classes of the big towns of Lancashire — is to wilfully obscure 
one's vision to signs and portents. 

Chronicles of Sport. 

Horse-racing and athletics (particularly football) obtain a large amount of 
space in the newspapers of Lancashire — morning, evening, and weekly. On 
Saturday nights there are special issues of the evening newspapers entirely 
devoted to sport. And it is a fact not without its national significance, Otir 
Dogs is a Manchester publication. 

To follow the many important newspaper developments that have been 
evolved from these successes (wherein Lancashire has taken so definite a lead), 
is to trace the history of modern journalism. 

The Real Leaders of Lancashire. 

No glance at the influences which have moulded the mind of modern 
Lancashire can be complete in its survey that does not include the two leading 
journalists of the two principal cities. 

In Liverpool, Sir Edward Richard Russell, of the Liverpool Daily Post 
(now the Liverpool Post and Mercury) since i860, editor since 1869, has been 
an unfailing inspiration to the intellectual life of South-west Lancashire for 
more than half a century, and though the strenuous competitive elements of 
politics have claimed a share of his attentions, there has never been a trace 
of any bitterness ; over all his activities he has cast the gracious spell of 
scholarship and good nature. In Liverpool everyone is full of his praise ; the 
passage of time has produced only one change : it has converted esteem into 
a degree of affection bordering on love. Worries strew the path of the editor 
of a daily newspaper. Sir Edward Russell has been most happily served in 
being saved many of these trials of labour and patience by his colleague, Mr. 
Hugh Farrie, who has given to journalism what authorship, at one time, seemed 
destined to claim as her own. 

Mr. Charles Prestwich Scott, the governing director of the Manchester 
Guardian, since 1872, has held a position of immense influence and responsibility 
in the life of the sister city, shaping in no small degree the general drift of 

" What Lancashire thinks to-day ." Mr. Scott is in earnest. He is a man 

of firm convictions and splendid courage, coupled with a loyaltj' that is never 
under the influence of short views or commercial limitations. He is the 
first asset in the proverbial sanity of Lancashire. 

Disraeli, Dickens, Longfellow, and others. 

Benjamin Disraeli had his Lancashire types thrust upon him — Sir Robert 
Peel, Gladstone, etc. They certainly wanted no seeking in the age in which 
he lived. Disraeli's fiction suffers badly from age ; the sparkle has gone. 

Dickens came thence for the " Cheery ble Brothers" of "Nicholas 
Nickleby " (1838-1839). In real life the Brothers Cheeryble were the partners 
of the firm of William Grant & Co., cotton spinners and calico printers, of Bury, 
Ramsbottom, and Manchester. What is not so well known, however, is that 
there is some ground for supposing that Dickens caught his first impulse in the 
characterisation of " Tim Linkwater " on hearing various quaint details of 
the Grants' old clerk, Thomas Richardson. Even the blind blackbird that 
" dreamed and dozed away his days " had a counterpart in the firm's office. 

When the last of the Grant brothers died in 1855, a Manchester newspaper 
chronicled the fact in these words : — " Deceased (John) and his late brother 



Ixu. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

\Vm. were extensively known for their kindly disposition and munificent 
charities which Dickens has attempted to dehneate in his not unsuccessful 
sketch of ' Cheeryble Brothers.' " I can imagine no one but a Manxman so 
appreciative of the dead, and yet withal so scrupulously cautious in'his qualifi- 
cations and niggardly in his praise of the living. 

In " The Courtship of Myles Standish," Longfellow has signally helped 
to immortalize a great Lancastrian. Myles Standish was born at Duxbury, 
about 1584, and sailed with the Mayflower in 1620. He attained imperishable 
fame, by his courage and resources while military head of the new English 
colony, established in Massachusetts. 

Lancashire is in many modern novels ; sometimes it is no more than a 
striking incident drawn from our history ; sometimes it is the whole framework, 
a series of remarkable episodes drawn from the life of one individual. He who 
runs may read ; I dare not hazard the risk of any names. 

Private Libraries. 

The best private library in Lancashire is probably that of the Earl 
of Crawford, at Haigh Hall, near Wigan ; the libraries of the Earl of Derby, 
at Knowsley, near Prescot, and the Earl of Sefton, at Croxteth Hall, near 
Liverpool, are rich only in muniments and deeds. 

Scientists. 

Joseph Priestly, the chemist (sometimes called " the father of pneumatic 
chemistry") and Rationalist, began his literary career at Warrington. He 
died in exile in 1804 ; but statues are now erected to the honour of this fearless 
champion of truth. 

John Dalton is included in Lonsdale's " Cumberland Worthies," but it 
was in Manchester that he evolved his Atomic Theory. Professor Roscoe has 
a fine tribute in " Science Lectures for the People " (1874, pp. 152-164), ending 
with this urgent plea : — " Science must be free . . . free, above all, to speculate 
and theorise into regions far beyond the reach of our senses." 

William Henry, the chemist, to whom, with Dalton, the honour is due for 
the high scientific value attaching to the Memoirs of the Manchester Society. 

Sir Wm. Fairbairn, famed for bridge construction and important develop- 
ments in the use of iron in the construction of ships, was a Kelso man. Not 
till he commenced business in Old Street, Manchester, however, did Fairbairn 
set out seriously on his great career as an engineer. 

Eaton Hodgkinson was a contemporary and colleague of Fairbairn. 
Hodgkinson was responsible for most important experiments and calculations. 

Dr. WilUam Whewell, born at Lancaster, had a master mind for any craft, 
calling, or profession, from mineralogy and theology to Chinese music. 
" Science was his chief forte ; omniscience his foible." 

Sir Joseph Whitworth, famed for the manufacture of engineering tools, 
rifles, and rifled artillery, and the invention of " the Whitworth process." was 
born at Stockport, but laid the foundation of his reputation in the workshops 
or Manchester. 

Sir Richard Owen, the author of famous works on Comparative Anatomy 
and Palaeontology, was born at Lancaster. 

James Prescott Joule, whose name is preserved in the term, " Joule's 
equivalent," meaning the unit of work in practical electricity, was a native of 
Salford. He died at Sale in 1889. 

Sir Henry Roscoe has been already referred to. 

Sir Edward Thorpe, Roscoe's biographer, and author of "A Dictionary 
of Applied Chemistry," five vols., is a native of Manchester, 

The present Lord Mayor of Liverpool (Mr. Max Muspratt), comes of a 
family of chemists. His grandfather, James Muspratt (1793-1886), introduced 



LANCASHIRE Ixiii. 

the alkali industry into Lancashire His uncle, James Sheridan Muspratt, was 
then editor of Muspratt's " Dictionary of Chemistry." And, as a proof of 
heredity, it may be mentioned that the Lord Mayor has been conspicuous 
for his devotion to chemical study as a vocation, to the theatre as a guest. 

The list might be largely extended by drawing upon the great names 
identified with divinity, medicine, surgery, manufacture, and trade. I am 
in danger, however, of wearying the reader with a compilation approxi- 
mating to a mere catalogue. 

Great Names in Art ; Romney. 

The greatest name is that of George Romney, who was born at Dalton 
in 1734. " Reynolds and Romney divide the Town : I am of the Romney 
faction," said Lord Thurlow. In one year Romney made nearly £4,000 by 
painting portraits. For his " Bacchante " (Emma, Lady Hamilton) he was 
paid 50 guineas, or about one-fifth of what a briUiant impression of the print 
in colours would fetch to-day. After thirty-five years the painter, now " old, 
nearly mad, and quite desolate," returned to his wife at Kendal, and she, with 
amazing forgiveness, received back the wanderer, nursing him till his death. 
" This quiet act was worth all Romney 's pictures," says Edward Fitzgerald, 
Tennyson tells the tale in " Romney's Remorse." 

Sir Luke Fildes, R.A. 

" The Doctor " (1892) is, probably, the most famous work of a Lancashire 
painter of modern times. Sir Luke Fildes, was a student of the Warrington 
School of Art ; the painting was the commission of a Lancashire man, Sir 
Henry Tate. Warrington is also the home school of Mr. Henry Wood, R.A., 
the painter of some of the most exquisite studies of \'enice within the realm 
of modern art, 

Stott, Madox Brown, Shields, and Sheffield. 

William Stott, of Oldham, has left an enduring reputation as a land- 
scape artist. Manchester gave a welcome to Ford Madox Brown, w^ho painted 
the frescoes which decorate the Town Hall ; to Frederick Shields, the painter 
and decorative artist, whose best work is to be seen on the walls of the Chapel 
of the Ascension, Bayswater Road, London ; to George Sheffield, whose chosen 
medium was charcoal ; and many, many more. 

The Painter of Firelight Scenes. 

William Daniels sheds lustre on the fame of Liverpool. He was born on 
May 9th, 1813, the son of parents who wrought in the brickfields along the North 
Shore. His first modelling in clay was so remarkable as to arrest the attention 
of a wood engraver, by whom he was employed for seven years. But Daniels' 
ambition w^as to paint portraits, and his first conspicuous effort was a painting 
of a pretty girl, Mary Owens, his fiancee. Twice he painted " Gold Fish," 
the first showing a child looking at the gleaming s\\immers ; in the second the 
child is displaced in favour of the flashing eyes of a black cat. Robert 
Crompton, the artist's friend, relates a story of the latter picture. It was 
first shown in Liverpool in 1876, and the hanging committee, having, as usual, 
no notion of the distinction of a great work of art, treated it according to their 
appraisement of its value. Daniels is often associated with the Rembrandt 
school. He was at his best in candle and firelight scenes. He died October 
13th, 1880. The fame of this great artist has hitherto eluded the attention of 
the editors of some of our best known w-orks of reference. 

A Great Imaginative Figure Painter. 

William Lindsay Windus was probably the nearest approach to inspired 
genius that Liverpool has, thus far, produced. He received liis first lesson 



Ixiv. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 



in painting from Daniels. His best known picture is " Burd Helen " (1856). 
It was in the Royal Academy, badly hung, of course. But Rossetti discovered 
it, and he brought Ruskin to see it and share his enthusiasm. In the judgment 
of Ruskin " its aim was higher and its reserve strength greater " than any other 
work in the Exhibition of that year, Millais' "Autumn Leaves " alone excepted. 
Bitter disappointment followed in the wake of this triumph. "Too Late" 
(1859), which the artist regarded as his masterpiece, was practically despised 
by Ruskin. The painter was cut to the quick and speedily retired from the 
public gaze. 

The Painter of American Naval History. 

Bolton was the birthplace of Edward Moran (born 1829), who is described 
as " the greatest marine painter of the United States," his fame chiefly resting 
on a series of thirteen historical paintings, illustrative of American naval history. 
He died in New York City in 1901. His paintings of the Grand Caiion are 
remarkable for their colouring and vivid realism. 

Huggins, Finnie, and others. 

William Huggins was probably the finest animal draughtsman of his era ; 
better than Landseer ; in colouring lay his deficiency. (The well-known chart 
of " The History of Architecture," 1863, was the work of his brother, Samuel 
Huggins.) The passing of John Finnie, etcher and painter, still leaves a vacant 
niche in every Liverpool Exhibition. Landscapes by Mr. George Cockran and 
Mr. Alfred Hartland have been acquired by the nation. Presentation portraits 
have been, as a rule, the work of Mr. R. E. Morrison or Mr. Hall Neale. 

Sculpture. 

Mr. Bruce Joy is represented by sculpture in Barrow-in-Furness, Black- 
burn, Manchester, and Liverpool ; Sir George Frampton in Southport, St. 
Helens, and Liverpool. 

Patrons and Painters. 

George Rae, the banker, Frederick Leyland, the shipowner, were con- 
spicuous patrons of art, their choice being Whistler, Rossetti, and Burne Jones. 
The Agnews, Manchester men, have always found Lancashire a generous field. 
A good year in cotton and shipping has never failed to produce an eager response 
to the calls of art. There is, as a consequence, a fair showing of artistic treasure 
on the walls of Lancashire homes ; but as rich buyers drop out of the active 
pursuit of business, they often drift to London as a place of residence. In 
this way, Lancashire suffers a never-ending loss. No painter of merit, however, 
need languish in want or obscurity. If the rich patron, chiefly of those artists 
who have come to their own, removes to London, his absence is no loss to genius 
in the making. Many painters of only modest promise can testify that, in 
the pursuit of their studies, long visits to France and Italy become possible 
only by the substantial aid of well-to-do lovers of art. Lancashire, therefore, 
is not wholly wrapt up in the mysteries of money-making, as Londoners so 
fondly imagine ; she has good and wide uses for money made. 

Nearly every centre of population has its Art Gallery. Certain of the 
municipal collections are second only to those of the nation, though we have 
been buyers for hardly more than half a century. 

An Apostle of Beauty. 

Art Galleries, however, have not solely created their own pubhc. There 
have been " feeders " without. No man has done more to lure the public 
to an appreciation of the great masterpieces of art than Mr. Joseph Bibby, 
of Liverpool. Year after year he has familiarised our farming folk with the 



LANCASHIRE Ixv. 



world's choicest gifts in art, whilst Bibby's Annual is never less than a feast 
of colour and a fountain of thought. Beauty is an integral part of his religion 
of hfe, and, in the counting of noble agencies for good, he must be remembered 
among the most worthy of our land. 

A Suggestion to Collectors. 

To realise what has been done in the creation of the artistic sense, some 
one, for the sake of posterity, and before it is too late, should make a collection 
of the dreadful prints beloved by the people, up to, say, the mid-Victorian era ; 
those treasures of a bygone generation, and findable now only among the 
semi-waste heaps of the lowest class of auction-room, and the humblest of 
second-hand furniture stores. 

I recall one of these prints representing the bodily resurrection — a cemetery 
scene — broken pillars and tombstones falling about like ninepins, the dead 
rising from their long sleep and smashing coffin lids in a frenzied effort to extri- 
cate themselves at the sounding of " The Last Trump." Truly a work 
worthy of inclusion in any waxwork Chamber of Horrors. There were many 
such ; but all are gone — and gone, I feel sure, for ever. 

The Pride of Lancashire in Stone. 

St. George's Hall, Liverpool, is probably the finest example of Grseco- 
Roman architecture in the kingdom. 

" There is little ornamentation about the exterior, yet what a wonderful 
effect has been produced by the simple use of reiterated long lines, vertical 
and horizontal ! All the attributes of justice, rectitude, dignity, truth, 
uprightness, impartial aloofness and wide capacity are typified by a style so 
perfectly expressive and pure that it at once conveys to the eye an interpre- 
tation of the use of the structure " (James Bromley, in the Liverpool Post atid 
Mercury, February 27th, 1911). 

Unhappily, the Corporation have shown scant intelligence in the preserva- 
tion of the view of the fabric left to their charge. They have allowed statues 
to be erected in front of the hall, though well knowing that the architect 
had provided pedestals for these in the colonnade between the pilasters. 
While the pedestals remain tenantless, the statues erected in front of the 
hall are not only a distraction to the eye — they are, with the possible exception 
of that of General Earle, lifeless things in themselves. 

The architect of the St. George's Hall was Harvey Lonsdale Elmes. He 
was the son of an architect, and died at the age of thirty-four, in 1847, 
before the great palace that has conferred immortality upon his name was 
completed. (The father, James Elmes, survived his son fifteen years, dying 
in 1862.) The commission to finish the work passed to Professor Charles 
Robert Cockerell, R.A. (died 1863). The difference between genius 
and mere talent is nowhere more evident. All the interior, and inferior 
work is Cockerell's. I must not forget, however, to bear testimony to 
the really fine sculpture in the tympanum of the pediment of the south 
elevation. This was Cockerell's unaccepted designs for the Royal Exchange 
in London. I have not been able to trace the name of the sculptor, to whom 
high praise is also due. 

One other specimen of the inspired Elmes is in Liverpool, viz. the College 
in Shaw Street. As an example of pure Tudor style, it suffers onh' from the 
parsimony of the powers of the period, in substituting cheap materials, and 
not providing a more elevated site, and a setting well back from the street. 

A Landmark in Architectural History. 

Following upon this great work, or within a period rather more than half 
a century, Liverpool architects and civil engineers have attained a position 
of world-wide pre-eminence. 



Ixvi. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 



Alfred Waterhouse, R.A., the architect of the Assize Courts, Town Hall, 
and Owens College, Manchester ; Girton College, Cambridge ; the Natural 
History Museum, South Kensington ; Eaton Hall, Cheshire ; Heythrop, 
Oxfordshire ; and Iwerne Minster, Dorsetshire, was a native of Liverpool. 
There may be, and no doubt is, a great sameness in the work of Waterhouse. 
His hand may be recognised at a glance. All the same, his name is a landmark 
in modern architectural history, if only for the important tasks that fell to his 
lot. 

A Great Cathedral. 

Another youthful and inspired poet in stone, fit companion for Elmes, 
is Gilbert Scott, the architect of the new Cathedral. He, also, is the son of 
an architect. Sir George Gilbert Scott (died 1878), whose "restoration" work 
produced more than one fierce controversy. As to the designs of the son for 
the great work upon which he is now engaged, there is, happily, but one 
voice. The new Cathedral promises to be the most impressive ecclesiastical 
structure erected in England for several hundred years. The style may be 
described as severe early Gothic, depending for its impressiveness upon 
simplicity, and massiveness of detail. 

Coming in from the Sea. 

Coming into Liverpool from the sea, the two most conspicuous buildings 
are the head-quarters of the Royal Liver Friendly Society, and the offices of 
the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board. Neither can escape observation or 
mention ; both are of recent construction. The architect of the former was 
Mr. W. Aubrey Thomas ; the architects of the latter, Messrs. Briggs, Wolsten- 
holme and Thorneley, who also planned the Wallasey Town Hall, and a con- 
siderable part of the University. 

Architecture and Town Planning. 

The importance of the school of learning which Liverpool has developed 
in two departments of intellectual activity — architecture and town planning — 
is not easily exaggerated. There are professors of architecture and civic 
design, also of engineering, electrical and civil, in the University. But it is 
to the School of Town Planning, founded by Sir William Lever, Bart, (now 
Lord Leverhulme), in the building of the Old Blue-Coat Hospital (the best 
specimen and the only antique reUc of Georgian architecture left in the city), 
that Liverpool owes its fame and pre-eminence. One of the pupils, a youth 
named Mawson, has been selected architect for the extension of Athens, He 
is now building, to the commission of Lord Leverhulme, a replica (on about a 
quarter scale) of Liverpool Castle, on an elevated site overlooking Rivington 
Lake, Apart from the garden town of Port Sunlight, where he employed 
several architects to carry out his own original ideas, the styles being prin- 
cipally Queen Anne and half-timbered, essentially English, it is only justice to 
say that Lord Leverhulme has done more to foster art than any other single 
individual, hving or dead, in the whole county, though our obligations to the 
late Sir Henry Tate, Sir Andrew Walker, and Hugh Frederick Hornby, are 
manifest, and acknowledged of all. 

Liverpool's Pre-eminence. 

Liverpool men have not only largely re-planned and re-decorated their 
own city, they have displayed their skill in every quarter of the globe. To Mr. 
J, A, Brodie, the City Engineer, was entrusted the re-planning of Delhi, the new 
imperial capital of India. Messrs. Simon and Boddington are the architects 
of the new Houses of Parliament at Winnipeg, Canada. In the Marquis of 
Aberdeen's competitions for the re-planning of Dublin, not only was the 
prize awarded to the designs submitted by Professor Patrick Abercrombie of 



LANCASHIRE Ixvii. 



the Department of Civic Design, Liverpool, and Messrs. Sidney A. and Arthur 
J. Kelly, Surveyors, Liverpool, but three, of the remaining seven sets of designs, 
singled out for honourable mention, came from the studios of Liverpool 
firms. In truth, the world must as necessarily come to Liverpool for an 
architectural design, or a town-plan, as to Manchester for cotton cloth. 

Lancashire on the Stage. 

Thomas Heywood, described by Charles Lamb as " a prose Shakespeare," 
and by J. Addington Symonds as sharing, with Richard Greene, the distinction 
of being " among the earliest professional litterateurs of our language," pro- 
duced, in collaboration with Richard Brome, a play entitled," The Late Lanca- 
shire Witches " (1634). It is a comedy of English life, " without that element 
of romantic interest which Heywood usually added to the domestic drama. . . . 
Though it attempts, in one scene at least, to touch the deeper interest of 
witchcraft, it deals for the most part only with the vulgar and farcical aspects 
of the subject " (Symonds, 1888). J. O. Halliwell-Phillips brought the play 
out of oblivion by a separate pubhcation (1853). One of the most gracious 
memories of my youth is a visit to Hollingbury Copse, near Brighton, the 
home of Halliwell-Phillips. A treasured possession is a copy of " Outlines 
of the Life of Shakespeare " with the author's words of gift. 

" The Slave King." 

About the middle of the last century a Negro actor, named Ira Aldridge, 
attained considerable fame in Lancashire. George Linnaeus Banks (1821- 
1881) wrote for him a play, called " The Slave King." Banks wrote other 
plays during his " Lancashire period," notably, " The Swiss Father," in which 
Creswick took a leading part. 

Bob Briefly. 

" The Lancashire Lad " was, I believe, the provisional title of one of 
the most famous plays of the mid- Victorian era. " The Yellow Passport " 
would have been a translation of the French, but these words had no meaning 
for an English audience. Finally, " The Ticket of Leave Man " w-as adopted 
as a title, and under this name the piece achieved a remarkable success. It 
was not only Tom Taylor's best play, it incorporated the fullest and most 
acceptable presentment of a Lancashire type, thus far seen on the stage. And 
yet, curiously enough, the piece was based — " adopted " would convey a 
false impression of a task to which so much original thought and observation 
had been given — on a foreign work, viz., " Le Retour de Melun " of Brisebarre 
and Nuz. Henry Nevile portrayed the part of Bob Brierly, at the original 
production at the Olympic Theatre, on the 27th May, 1863, and achieved 
immense fame thereby. 

*' The Lancashire Lass." 

Henry James Byron, the first editor of Fun, was born in Manchester. 
Tom Taylor's great success prompted him to a rival effort ; surely a Lancas- 
trian should know the riches of his own county ! A melodrama, called "The 
Lancashire Lass," was produced in the following year at a neighbouring theatre, 
where it had the support of a strong caste and an abundant financial backing. 
The piece is included in French's plays. Byron has the merit of introducing 
to his Fun constituency such humorists as Sir W. S. Gilbert, Sir Francis 
Burnand, Henry S. Leigh and W. J. Prowse. 

A Gifted and Versatile Dramatist. 

Sydney Grundy was the son of a Mayor of Manchester, and was himself 
born and educated in Manchester. Here also he began his caieer as a practising 



Ixviii. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 



barrister. His versatility was bewildering. When he came to London he 
devoted himself to writing for the stage, and within a few years he had produced 
" La Cosaque," a vaudeville from the French, two original comic operas, entitled 
" The Vicar of Bray " and " Pocahontas," " Rachel," a drama for Miss 
Genevieve Ward, and three comedies, " The Queen's Favourite," " The Glass 
of Fashion," and " The Silver Shield." Not, however, till " A Pair of 
Spectacles " (1890), and " Sowing the Wind " (1893), stood to his name, did 
we realise the full strength of the dramatist's powers — the delicacy of his wit, 
the deep well of pathos he might plumb. 

In " A Pair of Spectacles " Sir John Hare, who began his stage career 
at the Prince of Wales Theatre, Liverpool, found, probably, his best remembered 
part. In " Sowing the Wind," Brandon Thomas, a native of Liverpool and 
author of "The Lancashire Sailor" {1891) and " Charley's Aunt " (1892), 
was a revelation of mingled humour and pathos. I am not sure if Grundy 
escaped writing one of the best half-dozen plays of the nineteenth century. 

Lord Dundreary. 

Edward Askew Sothern (1830-1881), who as Lord Dundreary in Tom 
Taylor's play, " Our American Cousin " (1858), was the delight of our fathers' 
playgoing prime, was a native of Liverpool. He was intended by his parents 
for Holy Orders, but his own bent, despite bitter obstacles, was for the stage. 
We are prone to assume that Sothern's scope as an actor had marked limita- 
tions ; forgetting that the limitation is with us, rather than with the actor ; 
our acceptance of him rather his deficiency. 

Stage History. 

It is not my purpose, however, to recall even a selection of the plays that 
were Lancastrian by scene ; let alone, detail that catalogue of plays, that were 
Lancastrian only by birth, i.e. place of first production, or that still more 
formidable list of actors and actresses who were, or, happily, are, Lancastrian 
by birth, or by the process of adoption, in vogue under the stock company 
system. 

Many of us make remembrance of the fact that the T. W. Robertson 
series of tea-cup-and-saucer dramas began their course in Liverpool, with the 
presentment of " Society " ; that Irving earned his preferment to London by 
his performance of " Faust," in Manchester ; that the Mephistophelian line 
that is now an accepted feature of the classic drama, " I only knew one 
woman who refused diamonds, and she accepted money," was first spoken in 

Manchester ; and that (naming a great actor) began his theatrical career 

as check taker at the gallery entrance of the old Royal Amphitheatre, Liverpool. 

These scraps of stage history are the flotsam and jetsam of every green 
room. They may be true. I cannot say. I hardly care to inquire. 

Dead Emotions. 

If it be true that there is nothing so desolating of heart, as a theatre, in 
the pale morning light of a winter sun, there is nothing so dead, as dead emo- 
tions — the laughter and the tears of the crowded house of yestereen. For 
pathos, I know nothing to compare with the old chronicles of the stage. The 
sound and iury signifying nothing, are all spent ; the eye, with its sparkle and 
cunning shaft, that proved our deHght, is heavy and dull ; the voice that thrilled 
us with its appeal, is silent and done. Of great nights at the play, what have 
we, wherewithal to re-kindle old enthusiasm ? A memory, like a wine cup 
that is drained ; an old playbill, so crumpled and decayed in every visible 
feature, that it suggests the stale musty odour of a corpse. 

I leave the reader to conjure up, if so minded, the ghosts of his 



LANCASHIRE Ixix. 



own early manhood. My names are only so many stones, marking the 
spot where dry bones are resting, the bygone idols of a bygone generation. 

My concern here is with the playgoers, rather than with the players. Let 
no historian of the growth of our mental faculties suppose, that when we were 
busy making Lancashire, we were all such giants of intellect, that our nights 
of ease were feasts of soul. Let us make confession that we oft-times found 
our joy in a kind of half-way house, a something between a village concert 
and the drama of the stage. 

Sam Hague's Minstrels. 

For instance, all Lancashire found refreshment in Sam Hague's Minstrels. 
The supposition was, that this species of entertainment had its origin among 
the emancipated slaves of the cotton plantations of America. The " troupe " 
(it was always proper to speak of the company as a troupe) occupied chairs, 
ranged on the stage, in the form of a horse-shoe. A chairman sat at a little 
table Up Stage Centre, and the chief comedians scored off each other from the 
furthermost points — P. and O.P. All faces were black, all linen, of which 
there was a plentiful display, was faultlessly white. The Negro-English speech 
of the cotton-fields was an invariable rule. Songs, stories, supposedly 
impromptu speeches, humorous asides and dances to the click of bones, filled 
the bill. For years and years, we had gush and sentiment to overflowing. 
It was all false as inherent fact, and not much of it true, even to the most super- 
ficial observation. The real Negro was never visible. The ancient chants, of 
an ancient race, were never heard. The real dances, whether Bella-Bella, 
Jumbi, Obeah, Voudou, or T'changa, were never seen — or even suspected. 
All we got was the white man masquerading behind a coating of burnt cork. 
Amusing ? Undoubtedly so, particularly to those whose puritanical consciences 
stayed abruptly at a regular theatre. Then we tired — tired even of the melodies, 
which languorous, sun-kissed lands had inspired. The white man, with a black 
face, had fallen from grace. He was seen no more. 

** Begone Dull Care." 

Then there was Fred McCabe, who initiated a form of entertainment which 
he made peculiarly his own. " Begone Dull Care " was only a play in the 
sense that it had a setting, that the performance took place on a stage, that 
there was dialogue, and, therefore, more than one performer. McCabe, 
however, was the play ; the remainder of the caste " fed " their chief and 
formed a mere background for his wit and song. I am told by my neighbour, 
Mr. John H. Wrangham, who has a prodigious memory for all details of the 
modern stage, that McCabe was a native of Bootle. Certainly no entertainer 
knew his Lancastrian public better. He could keep an audience wreathed 
in smiles, with no other aid than playful asides that were the language of 
the street, and a penny tin whistle that was the music of the curb. His 
end was the unkindly fate of so many of his kind. 

*' Fritz." 

But, among one man shows, all lights pale in the effulgence that surrounds 
the memory of J. K. Emmett. As " Fritz," in a plaj' of that name, he spoke 
the broken Enghsh of a Dutchman, very much after the manner of Charles 
Godfrey Leland's amazingly clever " Breitmann Ballads." He is described 
to me as one of the greatest actors who ever walked the English stage. I 
make discount. As Dutton Cook used to say, " The palmy days of the drama 
are k\\ yesterdays." That " Fritz " could make people laugh and cry, is only one 
of many tributes to his unique genius. Playing to the Fiji Islanders, an audience 
practically ignorant of every word of his vocabulary, and so unused to the 



Ixx. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

resources of civilisation, that each paid admission by bulky gifts from his garden 
patch, Emmett quickly had the emotions of every listener in his keeping. 

" I first get every man into touch with me — at the end of an invisible electric 
wire so to speak," said Emmett in explanation of his mystery ; " the rest is 
child's play." 

The proof was in the result ; Emmett 's art withstood every test ; 
the black man rocked and rolled in uncontrollable merriment, without 
always knowing how, or why. But, sad to say, Emmett shamefully abused 
his transcendent gifts. It was no unusual thing for a house, packed, eager 
and expectant, to go empty away. And yet, it is not too much to say, that in 
theatre-loving Lancashire his memory remains with many, a precious legacy 
of laughter and tears, sadness and song. 



Repertory Theatres. 

The briefest glance at the history of the drama in Lancashire must include 
a reference to the splendid work of the Repertory Theatres of Manchester and 
Liverpool. Both these enterprises have afforded an opportunity for untried 
writers, among whom the late Stanley Houghton (the author of " Hindle 
Wakes "), Jeans, and Harold Brighouse (" Hobson's Choice ") call for special 
mention. 

The merit of " Hindle Wakes " lay in its scrupulously exact chracterisa- 
tion, and the note of surprise with which the play closed. The demerits were 
along the same path — a characterisation that depended so largely for its 
atmosphere, upon folk speech that was jargon out of Lancashire, and a surprise 
that destroyed the original drift of the play, i.e. the regularisation of the 
love and passion of two people of different social positions. If there were 
love, the conventions insist upon marriage ; if there were no love, then all we 
have left is an unseemly episode that has no place in the modern English drama. 
The significance of that ending is more important to us here than the play — 
the picture it presents of the mind of the audience, rather than that of the 
writer. 

Mr. Brighouse has achieved more than one conspicuous success ; he has 
shown powers of observation and presentment that should carry him far. 
I take infinite pleasure, also, in the loyalty of Manchester. Had he belonged 
to some communities I ken of, more markedly Celtic in temperament, he would 
have found every adverse word reprinted in extenso, and the slander shouted 
to the skies. 

" The Clock Goes Round " is, I believe, the seventeenth play from the 
pen of Mr. Brighouse, of which five only have a Lancashire background. His 
appeal, therefore, is as wide as the drama should be. 

Mr. John Galsworthy, the novelist, has also contributed to the Repertory 
Theatres, " The Silver Box " (1906) being a fitting example of the work of 
the practised hand. 

The Repertory Theatre movement is worthy of all praise and encourage- 
ment. 



Critics. 

In the field of dramatic criticism, the palm of place falls to Sir Edward 
Russell, the veteran chief of the Liverpool Post and Mercury. Irving enter- 
tained feehngs of warm affection and regard for the critic. 

Austin Brereton, too, is a Liverpool man by right of birth. He has 
devoted his life to the literary presentment of the concerns of the stage. His 
historical works relating to Irving, Miss Ellen Terry, and other players of the 
past and present, fill a distinct niche in the literature of the stage. 



LANCASHIRE Ixxi. 



"Thy Speech Bewrayeth Thee.'* 

In an introduction to the American public of an edition of the play 
" Hobson's Choice," Mr. Iden Payne tells us that some critics were struck 
by the " practicality, hard-headedness, and self-centred aggressiveness " of 
Mr. Harold Brighouse's Lancashire types, and that some critics expressed 
surprise when told that these features were not individual to the particular 
parts, but were typical of the county of Lancashire as a whole. 

My experience in America and elsewhere has been different. I have 
never found that Lancashire " hard-headedness " stood in need of introduc- 
tion, tribute, or explanation anywhere. Indeed, among travelled men, the 
county of one's origin is almost instantly manifest. " Thy speech bewraj'eth 
thee." 

Gladstone, according to assertion, but never to my ears, retained to his 
dying days certain of the distinguishing sounds of the county of his birth. 
The instincts of the Lancastrian, however, were never far to seek, though, even 
in this case, confusion arises from the nature of the inheritance in his blood. 

Music. 

Music, as an expression of the mind as well as the heart, has slowly come 
to its own. Our gratitude is due to a nameless host ; but, perhaps, most of 
all to two foreigners — Sir Charles Halle and Carl Rosa. Rich promise of 
equally notable service gathers round the name of Sir Thomas Beecham, 
Bart., conductor, composer, and operatic impresario. 

Sir Charles HalM. 

About the middle of the last century, Halle had to leave Paris. From 
London he came to Manchester, and with music in this great city he was 
thereafter associated. His highly trained orchestra was not merely a model of 
efficiency, it was a revelation of balance, unity, force, and nervous susceptibility, 
instant in its response to the mind of a master musician. 

Music was enthroned among the arts. For instance, Berlioz's " Damnation 
de Faust " was performed in Paris in 1846 " to a half empty room," and the 
composer, crushed in soul and a bankrupt in pocket, WTites: " Nothing in all 
my artistic career ever wounded me so deeply" ("Autobiography," vol. ii., 
p. 256). In 1880 Halle produced this great work in Manchester, and reversed 
the judgment of Paris. 

Carl Rosa. 

Carl August Nicholas Rose, or Rosa, initiated his Opera Company in 
1875. Thereafter grand opera became a regular feature of our lives. Every 
year the Carl Rosa Opera Company made long sta5-s in Liverpool and 
Manchester, creating a public for great music, rather than ministering 
to the mind of a public already existent, Mascagni's " Cavalleria Rusticana " 
was one of Rosa's most popular hits. 

Hatton's Songs. 

" To Anthea," "Simon the Cellarer," "Good-bye, Sweetheart, Good-bye," 
and nearly three hundred other songs came from the pen of John Liptrot Hatton, 
a native of Liverpool, and son and grandson of professional violinists. There 
was a moment when Hatton seemed destined to rank with the inspired 
Schubert as a writer of songs. 

** Stephen Adams." 

" Nancy Lee," " The Midshipmite." " The Holy City." " Mona," and 
" Thora " (the two last named are versifications of my brother's stage dramas 



Ixxii THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 



" Ben-m'-Chree " and " The Prodigal Son ") were among the greatest successes 
of " Stephen Adams," the pen-name of Michael Maybrick, a native of Liver- 
pool. The composer won acceptance also in the concert hall, where, as a 
baritone, he was usually heard in his own songs. 

W. T. Best. 

W. T. Best, the greatest organist of his age, if not of any age, came to 
Liverpool in his youth, and remained till his death (1897). He worked four 
hours a day at the organ, and perfected himself in pianoforte technique. There 
was in Best's playing a crispness difficult to define, the suggestion of brilliance, 
associated with the touch of the pianoforte rather than the organ. He was 
a lifelong student of Handel ; his Handel " Album " runs to twenty vols. 
His pre-eminence in his own walk of life enabled him to share Herbert 
Spencer's contempt of honorary degrees. He also refused a knighthood, but 
accepted a civil list pension of £100 per annum. 

Best is spoken of as " a recluse." He was no recluse, though, it is true, he 
did not easily, or amiably, fraternise with members of his own profession. He 
was a busy man as performer, composer, editor, and teacher ; to my remem- 
brance, a little prone to cynical humour, but with tastes, in a musician, wide 
and generous, as a glance round his bookshelves showed. 

Jude, Joule, and Pyne. 

Mr. W. H. Jude, organist, song and hymn writer, and an almost 
unrivalled performer on the harmonium, was long associated with Liverpool. 
A Christmas Carol, a setting to a Gladstonian campaigning song for the 
General Election of 1880, and a song, " Behold, I Stand at the Door " refresh 
my ears. 

The name of B. St. J. B. Joule, brother of the scientist, " as a writer, 
critic, organist, and above all, as a leader in the revival of the choral service," 
to quote the memorial in the Church of Holy Trinity, Hulme, calls for mention 
here. Manchester also justly takes pride in the name and fame of Dr. J. Ken- 
drick Pyne, a pupil of S. S. Wesley, and organist of the Town Hall since 1877. 

The list of names calling for chronicle might be almost indefinitely 
extended. I have space for no more. 

The People at Play. 

The pleasures of the people include dancing and swimming ; the latter, 
rather curiously, chiefly in centres furthest removed from the sea-board ; but 
dancing easily takes a first place. Probably in no other county of England, 
does the population number a larger proportion of men and women to whom 
what is called the poetry of motion comes with greater ease and naturalness. 
Further, among the people, it is never associated with the baser touch so fre- 
quently made visible, in what Fred McCabe described as " the uppah cucles." 
Indeed, among the people of Lancashire, dancing is rather a solemn affair, 
as anyone may see by a visit, in the season, to the palaces of Blackpool or 
Douglas. Solo, or clog dancing, however, has no longer the old vogue. Once 
it was an important turn on the music hall stage ; now it has almost entirely 
disappeared. 

The fancy for keeping pigeons and dogs has also largely lapsed from grace ; 
but both cotton operative and collier have tastes in common — a football match 
for the Saturday half-holiday ; a serious, blood-curdling drama at the theatre 
in the evening or, in the alternative, a visit to the " Pictures." The wordless 
play often has the preference, but only for reasons of convenience — because 
the entertainment is shorter and cheaper, because one may enter at any 
moment, and because a man may smoke. In short, the picture house is a 
makeshift ; the play is still the thing. 



LANCASHIRE Ixxiii. 



The Psychology of Lancashire. 

Touching the question of the psychology of the Lancastrian, however, 
in its larger aspects, if we ask ourselves what manner of man and woman they 
are who have converted, within a measurable space of time, a bleak, desolate, and 
in many places inhospitable, region into a human hive, humming with industry 
and prosperity, we shall find ourselves face to face with a knotty problem. Certain 
characteristics are common to all Lancastrians — at the same time there are 
great individual divergencies. First comes, as a blessing or a curse, an 
insatiable energy, restless, unappeasable. Then, an intense promptness and 
practicality of mind. What is done must be done now, done well and done 
for a purpose. Difficulties must be overcome. Hence, out of this necessity 
arises an inventiveness of mind, an adaptability of resource, which results in 
the development of mechanical genius, a love of new and strange ways, a desire 
for adventure, an eagerness to take risks, with a determination to accomplish — 
if not in one way, then in some other way. A robust individuality such as 
this inevitably produces a freedom and an independence of manner and speech, 
and a certain aggressiveness and hardiness of temperament. 

*' Rough and Ready." 

The Lancastrian is said to be " rough and ready." Rough, yes, but as 
ready to do a generous act as to strike a blow. 

When we go North, we marvel that any people should so neglect the 
refinements of social life as to, seemingly, strain the truth in order to get 
in a sting under the skin. Dour faces we dislike, dour theology we hate. 
Thus we return, with more contentment in our hearts than that with which 
we set out. 

When we go South, we are won over by the anxiety of people to move 
in quite a different direction; to, seemingly, strain the truth in order to say 
an agreeable thing. When we come to realise that smoothness of speech is a 
convention, a matter of training, we find it hard to distinguish a mere social 
trait from downright insincerity — or worse. Thus we return, once more, 
with more contentment in our hearts than that with which we set out. 

We love to think of Lancashire as the happy mean between these two 
extremes. The " roughness " is only our inveterate habit of looking at facts 
straight in the face. For colour or polish, with which to disguise reality, 
we have no use ; we want the truth. And if we are rough, we are never 
consciously cruel ; if we are self-centred, we are never so wrapt up in our own 
affairs as to have only deaf ears for the cry of suffering ; if we are aggressive 
in our daily conflict with the world, it is only because we are taking no unneces- 
sary risks, and we are not sure if the moment has come for the sheathing of 
the sword ; if we are proud of our " brass," it is only because we know at what 
immense cost success has been achieved ; and if we worship prosperity, it 
is only because our whole soul revolts at the idea of dependence. Meanness 
of mind, of heart, or of pocket, was never one of our failings. 

A Freer Life. 

Employers and employed in the mills and ironworks address each other 
in the vernacular and by their Christian names. Nowhere, without exception, 
are the rights of women to an equality of consideration so readily admitted as 
in Lancashire. Among such a people there is a freer life in all relationships 
than would be understood in other English counties, and religion, politics, 
social activities — everything that holds a community together — have to be 
on a manly and independent basis. Nowhere will be found such firm friends, 
such loyal sons and daughters. 



Ixxiv. THE COUNTIES' WHO'S WHO 

The Great War. 

A feature of this volume is a collection of some ten thousand names 
of those elder boys of the public schools of Lancashire who have joined 
the Navy and Army since the outbreak of the Great War, in August, 1914. 

The Editor of this volume tells me that every effort has been made 
to render this great Roll of Honour of permanent historic value, by 
adding to it the latest information obtainable up to the moment of going 
to press, showing what fortune has attended each man in the sphere of 
activity to which he has been called — on the sea, or in the field, whether 
killed, wounded, or promoted. It is a list of which many a small nation, 
cast in like circumstance, might well be proud. No county in England can 
equal, let alone outrival, the noble response of Lancashire to the clarion call ; 
and no section of the county can claim a higher place in the esteem of his 
fellow-countrymen than the public school boy. 

Proud of our Men. 

We are proud of out county, of our men, of our schools. We fondly 
believe the quality of blood was in our boys when they first went to school. 
We are sure that every quality of that blood was strengthened and purified 
by the instruction and example set by the masters of our public schools, of 
which sound scholarship and high principle were integral features. Whether 
in the class-room, or on the playing field, the rule is always the same — modesty 
in the flush of success, good humour in the face of misfortune. 

The result is now before our eyes — that of which our hearts required no 
telling. Even our enemy has yielded his praise — on the field of battle the 
instinct of the sportsman never deserted any one of our men. 

Heroes All. 

We mourn our stricken heroes. They have engraved on the tablets 
of everlasting memory a record of great deeds, and lives nobly spent. Theirs 
be Lancashire's proud name, and England's glory. To those, who wounded, 
still live to tell their tale of valour, we say: "It is not permitted to any man 
to bear a more honourable scar than that incurred in this conflict. It is our 
duty — nay, it is our proud privilege — to make the way of your going smooth." 
To those others who, happily, are still with us, and are destined to emerge 
unscathed, we trust to be permitted at the end to say : " You are favoured 
above all your fellows, inasmuch as you risked much, and saved all." 

W. R. H. C. 

PosTCRiPT. — To the criticism that in framing this backward glance I have been guided 
by no true s«nse of proportion, awarding minute attention to a comparative trifle, and 
summarily dismissing in a few lines a subject of national importance, I would reply that 
such a \iew is largely based in a misconception of my purpose. I have attempted nothing 
in the nature of a history of Lancashire. I merely have sought to echo, as it were, the con- 
versation round any Lancashire dinner-table, when men and women, young and old, have 
been minded to re\iew the growth of the county, largely in the light of the service of their 
own families thereto. 

Do we apply a microscope to the contribution of our own people ? Then I have sinned 
with many. Do we use a telescope when we contemplate the work of a neighbour, taking 
care to reverse this instrument before we apply our eye ? Then I have offended yet again, 
and with many more. But, even so, these distortions of vision are only the inveterate habit 
of human nature. In Lancashire we are very human. 

The county is so big, so varied, and so populous, that where the family point of view 
does not operate, the locality point of view usually takes its place. " We are the people," 
says the Big City. " It is our energy that is moving the ship along," replies the Little Town. 

I beg the reader, therefore, to regard my story of Lancashire as simply " my story " 
— as giving expression to the opinions of one individual and no more ; as reviving fragments 
of memory that have not yet found, in many instances, their exact place and precise status 
in the gra\e domain of sober history ; as telling the tale of the people as distinct from 
the records of government or the chronicles of the land. — \Y, R. H. C. 



Biographies 



Biographies. 



ABBOTT, Thomas Charles, Alderman, J. P., Cotton Merchant. 

Highgate Hale, Cheshire, and 20, Pall Mall, Manchester. Born: Black- 
bum. Educated : Private Schools, in London. Married : 1874, to Hannah, 
eldest daughter of George Pye, Fulwood, Preston, Lanes., and has issue one 
son and one daughter. Occupation : Cotton Merchant. Appointments : J. P. 
for Manchester ; Alderman of City of Manchester ; elected to Council in 
1890 ; Vice-President of the Library Association ; Hon. Sec. of the Man- 
chester and Salford Sanitary Association, and many Literary Societies. 
Author : " Studies in American Literature ; " James Russell Lowell " ; and 
many articles afterwards reprinted. Travelled : U.S. of America and Canada 
for purpose of reporting on public libraries and art galleries. Recreation : 
Golf. Clubs : Royal Societies and National Liberal, London ; Clarendon 
and Reform, Manchester. 

ABELL, Thomas Bertrand, Member Institute of Naval Architects and 
Professor of Naval Architecture, Liverpool University. 

" Ashleigh," Greenbank Drive, Liverpool. Born : 1880, at Exmouth, 
Devon ; son of Thomas Abell, of Exmouth. Educated : West Buckland 
School ; Royal Naval Engineering College, Keyham ; Royal Naval College, 
Greenwich. Profession : Professor of Naval Architecture, the University, 
Liverpool. Appointments : Member Institute of Naval Architects ; late 
member of Royal Corps of Naval Constructors. Recreations : Golf and photo- 
graphy. Club : University. 

ABERCROMBY, William, Solicitor and Author. 

17, Mayfield Road, Grassendale. Office : 14, Cook Street, Liverpool. 
Born : Liverpool, July loth, 1870 ; third son of John Alexander Abercromby, 
of Liverpool, Printer, and Sarah Ann, only daughter of Bernhard and Sarah 
McKernan, of Armagh (both deceased). Educated : Privately, and University 
College, Liverpool. Married : St. Saviour's Church, Warwick Road, London, 
April 29th, 1903, to Lucie Ethel, eldest daughter of Abraham Brain, of Chesley 
Hill, Warmley, Bristol, and has issue one son : Roy William, born January 
24th, 1904. Profession: SoUcitor. Recreations: Billiards and Golf. Author 
of a number of unpublished essays — literary, political, and legal. Club : 
Reform, Liverpool. Note : Admitted, 1901 (Hons. final) ; Equity (1899) 
Common Law, and Conveyancing (1900) Prizes in connection with Law 
Faculty, Liverpool ; sole partner in the firm of Radcliffe-Smith, Aber- 
cromby and Co., Solicitors. London Agents : Gasquet, Metcalfe and 
Walton, 92, Great Tower Street, E.C. 

ACKLAND, William Alfred, Newspaper Editor and Director. 

Office of the Manchester Courier. Born : Plymouth, 1875 ; son of Edward 
Andrew Ackland. Educated : Plymouth. Married : Mabel Frederica, 
daughter of John P. Lethbridge, of Plymouth, and has issue three daughters 



LANCASHIRE 



(one deceased). Profession : Newspaper Editor and Director. Appoint- 
ments : Junior Reporter and Sub-Editor, Western Daily Mercury, Plymouth, 
1890-1896 ; Sub-Editor, Manchester Courier, to 1900 ; Daily Dispatch, Man- 
chester, to 1905 ; as Chief Sub-Editor and Acting Editor, London Office, Bir- 
mingham Daily Mail, to 1906 ; Night Editor, The Tribune, to 1907 ; Managing 
Director, The Daily Graphic, 1907-1912 ; Director and Editor, The Manchester 
Courier, 1913. Recreations : Golf and fishing. Club : Savage, London, 

ACKROYD, Lieut. Edward, B.A., LL.B., Railway Director. 

8, Morley Road, Southport (private), and 8, Harrington Street, Liverpool. 
Tele. : loii Southport. Born: August 17th, 1875, at Bolton; son of Edward 
and Ellen Ackroyd (nee Holden). Educated : Shrewsbury, and Gonville and 
Caius College, Cambridge ; Scholar of the College ; B.A., LL.B. ; 2nd Class 
Honours History ; ist Class Honours Law, at Cambridge ; admitted to the 
Bar at Lincoln's Inn, 1900. Married : May loth, 1904, at St. Luke's, South- 
port, to Ellen Johanna, daughter of W. J. Stewart, late stipendiary 
magistrate of Liverpool, and Catharine Johanna Stewart (nee Garnett), 
and has issue : Margaret Ellen, born July 24th, 1908, and Guy, born 2nd 
May, 1916. Profession : Barrister; Director of Southport and Cheshire Lines 
Extension Railway Company. Lieut, in Territorial Force Reserve, 3/5th 
King's (Liverpool) Regt., ist June, 1915. Travelled : Canada, France, 
Germany, Belgium, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Azores. Recreaiion: 
Football, now golf. Clubs : Savage, Southport ; Exchange, Liverpool. 

ADAMS, John Barr, J.P., Oil Refiner, Chairman of Limited 
Company. 

The Orchard, Gresford, North Wales ; 9, Rumford Street, Liv^erpool. 
Born : March 23rd, 1856, Liverpool ; third son of Edwin Paul Adams and 
Agnes Adams, of Waterloo, near Liverpool. Educated : Privately. Married : 
September 21st, 1898, to Frances Maud Sweny, second daughter of Lieut. 
Sweny, LN., Marine Surveyor to Mersey D.H.B., and Charlotte Sangster 
Sweny, and granddaughter of Capt. Mark Sweny, R.N., who accompanied 
Napoleon on the Northumberland to St. Helena, and has issue : Norah, born 
September 20th, 1899 ; Alan, born August 22nd, 1902 ; Ivan, born February 
i6th, 1905. Occupation : Chairman of James Light and Son, Ltd., Blenders 
and Refiners of Lubricating Oil, etc., having Offices in Rumford Street, 
Liverpool, and Works at Bootle. Appointment : J. P. for Denbighshire, 1912. 
Associated with Journalism, 1878-1898. Travelled : North and South 
America, Australia, New Zealand, Morocco, South Africa, Spain, Norway, 
France, Belgium. Recreations : Fishing, tennis, cycling, amateur drama, 
gardening. 

ADAMS, Rev. William James, Vicar of St. Augustine's Church, 
Liverpool, Life Governor Liverpool College, Military Chaplain. 

St. Augustine's Vicarage, 67, Shaw Street, Liverpool. Born : August 
28th, 1855, at Liverpool ; son of James Adams, of Liverpool, and Martha, 
daughter of Peter Dewar, of Perth. Educated : Liverpool College ; University 
College, Liverpool ; St. Mary Hall, Oxford. Married : (i) November 7th, 
1882, at St. Saviour's Church, Liverpool, to Esther, daughter of Frederick 
Harrington, of 15, Upper Parliament Street, Liverpool, and has two sons and 
one daughter : William Naseby, born April 14th, 1887 ; Theodore Dowson, 
born November 12th, 1888 ; Maud, born October 17th, 1885. (2) At Christ 
Church, Waterloo, August 3rd, 1910, to Olive, daughter of Wilham Hamilton, 
of Belfast, and Margaret, his wife, daughter of Jas. Baldwin, Belfast. Profes- 
sion : Vicar of St. Augustine's Church, Liverpool. Appointments : Member, 
Liverpool School Board and Education Committee, 1894- 1908 ; Life Governor, 



BIOGRAPHIES 5 

Liverpool College, 1888 ; Sen. Chaplain, West Lanes. T.F.A. (rank, Col., 
ist class), V.D., 1908 ; First Sec, Liverpool Church History Society. Pub- 
lications : Various pamphlets on Church and Education. Travelled : South 
Africa, South America, and all over Europe, Recreations : Swimming, golf. 
Clubs : Church, Athenaeum, Conservative, Liverpool. Note : Was the pioneer 
at Liverpool of " Saturday Evenings for the People," which were attended by 
no less a number than 1,500,000 people. His son, J. D. Adams, was killed 
with the R.F.C. at Douay, November, 1915 ; and the other, W. N. Adams, 
wounded at Gallipoli, December, 1915. 

ADDIE, Robert Forrester, Solicitor, Notary Public, Registrar County 
Court. 

The County Court, Salford ; Prestwich Park, Prestwich. Born : June 
13th, 1854, at Crane Hall, Rawcliffe ; son of John and Agnes Addie, 
of Preston. Married : June 21st, 1882, to Eleanor Copestake, of Burslem, 
and has issue three sons : Clive Copestake Forrester Addie, Douglas Forrester 
Addie, and Alan Leslie Forrester Addie, Profession : Solicitor (admitted 
1881) ; Notary Public, 1892 ; Registrar, Salford County Court, 1904. Recrea^ 
Hon : Shooting, golf, and cricket. Club : Old Manchester. Masonic Lodge : 
Hesketh Lodge, Fleetwood, 950, Note : All three sons serving in H.M. 
Forces. 

AGNEW, Alexander Percy, Physician, Surgeon, Medical Officer for 
Post Office and Board of Education. 

" Lyndhurst," Padiham. Born: December i8th, 1869, at Duhvick ; 
son of the late Capt. James Agnew, of 39th Regt. (Dorsets) and late Lucinda 
Agnew, daughter of the late Noah Dalway, of Carrickfergus. Educated : 
Glasgow University, M.B., 1890. Married: September 26th, 1895, Florence, 
daughter of the late Joseph Taylor, of Warrington, and Elizabeth Taylor, 
of Settle, and has issue one son and four daughters. Profession : Physician 
and Surgeon. Appointments : Medical Officer to the Post Office and Board 
of Education ; Medical Referee several Insurance Societies ; late District 
Medical Officer (Burnley Union). Recreation: Golf. Notes: 1913, President, 
Burnley and District Medico-Ethical Society ; 1913, Chairman of No. 9 Area, 
Lancashire County Local Medical Committee. 

AINLEY, Joseph Hefford, J.P., Property Owner. 

23, Gloucester Road, Birkdale, Southport. Born : 1858, at Kirkheaton ; 
second son of Hefford Ainley, of Kirkheaton, Yorks. Educated : King James' 
Grammar School, Almondbury. Married : 1887, to Catharine, daughter of 
the Hon. Luther Haven, of Chicago, U.S.A., and has issue two sons : Haven 
Ainley, born December 2nd, 1887 ; Charles Ainley, born April 26th, 1890. 
Appointment: J. P. for Lanes., 1905. Travelled: Extensively in U.S.A., India, 
etc. Recreation : Gardening. Roll of Honour : Son, Haven Ainley, of 
Wentworth, N.S.W., in Australian Expeditionary Force. Note: Owns 
property in Kirkheaton, Yorks., and in U.S.A. 

AINSBURY, William Beardmore, Paper Manufacturer. 

2, Crosby Road, Birkdale, and Baptist Street Mill. Manchester. Born : 
May 17th, 1884, at Dudley ; son of the Rev. William Maurice and Mary 
Ann Ainsbury, of Hollinside, Marple. Educated : Public Schools and 
Silcoates College, Wakefield. Married : Sarah Emily, fifth daughter of 
Charles and Ann Fletcher, of Birkdale, and has issue one daughter: Emily. 
Occupation : Paper Manufacturer, and Importer of Paper from Scandinavia. 
Travelled : United States. 



LANCASHIRE 



AINSLIE, John Dodds. 

85, Liverpool Road, Birkdale. Born : May 30th, 1854, at East Lothian ; 
son of Archibald Ainslie. of Dodridge, East Lothian. Educated : Private 
Boarding School, Edinburgh, and Germany. Married : June i8th, 1891, 
Mary, eldest daughter of W. J. Blinkhom, Chemical Manufacturer, of 
St. Helens, and has issue three sons and three daughters. Travelled : 
India, Burmah, etc. Recreation : Golf. Notes : Possesses Family Tree from 
reign of Malcolm Canmore. The family was driven from their possessions 
in England across the border of Scotland by WiUiam the Conqueror, where 
they became Barons of Dolphington, in the County of Roxburgh. 

AINSWORTH, Charles, J.P., Cotton Spinner, Director of various 
Companies. 

17, Green Lane, Bolton. Born : February 26th, 1866, at Bolton ; 
eldest son of the late Charles Frederic and Catherine Ainsworth, 
of Lower Brazley, Horwich. Educated : Winchester College. Married : 
December 29th, 1904, to Mabel Clare, daughter of Percy Haslam, 
Ravenswood, Bolton, and has issue : Kate Brazley, born January 25th, 
1914. Occupation : Cotton Spinner. Appointments : Director of Messrs. 
W. and C. Ainsworth, Ltd. ; Ainsworth Bros, and Co., Ltd. ; Bolton Cotton 
Trade Mutual Fire Insurance Co. ; Wood Street Savings Bank ; Justice of 
the Peace, 1904 ; Member of Town Council since 1906 ; Alderman for Great 
Lever ; Manchester Diocesan Lay Reader, 

AINSWORTH, Col. Richard Henry, J.P., late High Sheriff. 

Smithills Hall, Bolton ; Winwick Warren, Rugby. Born : January 14th, 
1839, ^t Moss Bank, Bolton ; son of John Horrocks Ainsworth, of Moss Bank, 
Bolton, and Elizabeth, daughter of John Shaw. Educated : Eton ; Christ 
Church, Oxford. Married: April 26th, 1866, at Gotham, Notts., to Isabella 
Margaret, third daughter of Rev. J. J. Vaughan, Rector of Gotham, near 
Nottingham, and granddaughter of the Right Hon. Sir John Vaughan, of 
Eastbury, Herts., and has no issue. Appointments : J. P., County of Lancaster ; 
High Sheriff, County of Northamptonshire, 1887. Recreations : Shooting, 
fishing ; formerly, hunting. Clubs : Oxford and Cambridge ; Bolton Con- 
servative. Note : Joined the Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry Cavalry, 
i860 (retired 1890), having commanded the regiment for seven years. 

AIREY, Ernest Thomas, Manager and Director of Limited Company, 

Circuit Steward. 

Sunny Bank, Rishton, near Blackburn. Born : August 23rd, 1869, at 
Fall River, U.S.A. ; son of Henry and Mary Alice Airey (nee Anderton). 
Educated : Rishton Wesleyan School, and private tuition. Married : 
December 31st, 1894, Jessie, daughter of John and Catherine Horsburgh, of 
Linlithgow, Scotland, and has issue two daughters and one son. Occupation : 
Manager, Director, and Salesman of the Albert Mill Co., Ltd., Accrington. 
Travelled : British Isles and the Continent. Recreation : Golf, gardening, 
and photography. Clubs : Rishton Cricket ; Rishton Liberal (Treasurer) ; 
Accrington Golf ; Albert Edward Lodge of Freemasons, 1519. Notes : 
Circuit Steward, Rishton Wesleyan Church ; Treasurer for Clayton le Moors 
Circuit Foreign Missionary Society ; member of the Rishton Recruiting 
Committee and Local Tribunal. 

AITKEN, James Bennett, J.P., Chemical Manufacturer. 

Hall Nook, Penketh by Warrington ; Office : Gerards Fold, Widnes, 
Lancashire. Born : December 26th, 1846, at Stranraer, Scotland ; youngest 



BIOGRAPHIES 



son of Peter Aitken, of Stranraer, and Elizabeth Kerr, of Stranraer. Edu- 
cated : Stranraer Academy, Free Church School, Stranraer ; the Mechanics' 
Institute and Owens' College, Manchester. Married : September 15th, 1880, 
at Manchester, Ada Jane, second daughter of John Hohnger, of Manchester, 
and Jane Townsend, Wakefield. Occupation: Chemical Manufacturer. 
Appointments : J. P. for Lancashire ; President, Widnes ParUamentary 
Division Liberal Association. Travelled : Burmah, India, United States, 
and Canada. Recreations : Gardening and reading. 

AKENHEAD, Francis, M,A., Solicitor. 

C/o St. Martin's Vicarage, Lincoln. Office: 22, Booth Street, Manchester. 
Born : June 9th, 1881, at Hessle, East Yorks. ; elder son of the Rev. Canon 
Edmund Akenhead, Vicar of St. Martin's, Lincoln, and Lucy Collingwood, 
eldest daughter of the late Rev. Robert Taylor, formerly Vicar of Warthill, 
Yorks. Educated: Rugby and New College, Oxford, B.A., 1904; M.A., 
1907. Married : October 20th, 1908, at St. Phihp and St. James', Oxford, 
to Myrtle, second daughter of the late Edward Williams Byron Nicholson, 
Bodley Librarian, Oxford, and Helen Grant, second daughter of the Rev. Sir 
Charles Macgregor, late of Swallow, Lines., and has issue three sons and 
one daughter: John, born December 26th, 1911; Edmund and Michael 
(twins), born September 5th, 1913 ; Helen, born December 23rd, 1915. 
Profession : Solicitor. Travelled : France, Holland, Belgium, Germany, 
Norway, Switzerland, Italy, the Canaries, and Madeira. Recreations: 
Tennis, hockey, and cycUng. Club : Old Rectory, Manchester. From 
November, 1914, serving with 1/5 Manchester Regiment. 

ALDOUS, James William, M.A., Local Examiner for Royal College 

of Music. 

West Road, Lancaster. Born : August 3rd, 1866, at Witham, Essex ; 
eldest son of the late James Aldous (Organist of Christ Church, Lan- 
caster, from 1874-1885). Educated: Royal Grammar School, Lancaster, 
and Cambridge University ; M.A., Downing College, Cambridge ; Studied 
Music under the late Prof. Sir G. A. Macfarren (Prof, of Music, Cambridge 
University) ; also under the late Dr. G. M. Garrett (Organist to the University 
of Cambridge). Married : August 20th, 1889, to Miss L. E. Grime, third 
daughter of the late Robert Grime, J. P., of Fulwood, Preston. Pro- 
fession : Music. Career : Has had considerable experience as Conductor, 
Organist, and Music Master in Schools : Conductor of Milnthorpe 
Choral Society, 1886-1892 ; Morecambe Musical Society, 1891-1902 ; Lan- 
caster Ladies' Choir, 1904-1907. Music Master at Heversham Grammar 
School (Westmorland), 1886-1903 ; Meadow House School, St. Bees, 1894- 
1902 ; Girls' High School, Morecambe, 1894-1896 ; Furness College, More- 
cambe, 1894-1902 ; Kent's Bank House School, Grange, 1899-1902 ; Pupil 
Teachers' Centre, Lancaster, 1905-1907; Organist and Choir Master, Christ 
Church, Lancaster, 1886-1907 ; Hon. Sec. Morecambe Musical Festival, 
1892-1899. Present appointments include the following : Music Master at 
St. Bees School, since 1886, and Organist at the School since 1907 ; Music 
Master, Fylde College, Morecambe, since 1898 ; Royal Grammar School, 
Lancaster, since 1904 ; Girls' Grammar School, Lancaster, since 1908 ; Con- 
ductor of Lancaster Choral Society since 1894 ; St. Bees Choral Society since 
1895 ; Mr. Aldous' Choir, Lancaster, since 1905 ; Hon. Local Examiner of the 
Royal College of Music since 1892, and Hon. Local Representative of the 
Royal Academy of Music since 1899. Recreations : Tennis, golf, cychng. 
Clubs : The Old Beghians (Hon. Sec. since the formation, in 1908) ; 
Conservative, Lancaster. 



LANCASHIRE 



ALEXANDER, Rev. Alexander, M.A., D.D., Author, Professor of 
History. 

" Balnagaisk," Park Road, Waterloo, near Liverpool. Born : August 
22nd, 1854, at Ythan Wells, Aberdeenshire ; son of John Alexander and 
Margaret Robertson. Educated : Free Church School, Ythan Wells ; High 
School (Gymnasium), Old Aberdeen, University of Aberdeen M.A. and D.D., 
Free Church Divinity College, Aberdeen. Married : 1879, to Jane Wallace, 
daughter of Capt. John Wallace (Mercantile Marine) and Mrs. Isobel 
Wallace. Profession : Minister of the Gospel. Appointments : At present 
Minister of St. Andrew's, Waterloo, since 1901 ; previously Minister of 
McCheyne Memorial Church, Dundee, from 1887 ; Professor of History in the 
Madras Christian College, Madras, India, from 1878. Publications : Magazine 
articles in Indian and Scottish Reviews ; " Life of Rev. P. Rajahgopaul, of 
Madras." Recreation: Reading. Note: Has two sons: (i) John Wallace 
Alexander, Civil and Electrical Engineer, in employment of British 
Insulated and Helsby Cables, Ltd., engaged in providing electric power and 
light for many munition factories in Newcastle District, reorganised by War 
Ofl&ce ; (2) Colin Gibbon Alexander, assistant in the firm of Messrs. T. A. Taylor 
and Co., Madras, India; joined Indian Force as Madras Dispatch Rider; 
landed in France, January ist, 1915 ; wounded. May 22nd, 1915 ; at present 
on service in India as member of Indian Army Reserve of Officers. 

ALEXANDER, Samuel, M.A., Professor of Philosophy, Gifford 
Lecturer. 

24, Brunswick Road, Withington, Manchester. Born : January 6th, 
1859, ^t Sydney, N.S.W. ; third son of Samuel and Eliza Alexander. Edu- 
cated : Wesley College, Melbourne ; University of Melbourne : and Balliol 
College, Oxford. Profession : Professor of Philosophy. Appointments : Sir 
Samuel Hall Professor of Philosophy, University of Manchester. Author: 
"Moral Order and Progress," 1889; "Locke," 1908; Papers on philosophical 
subjects in Mind; Proceedings of Aristotelian Society ; British Psychological 
Journal, and other Journals. Recreation : Cycling. Career : M.A., Oxford, 
1885 ; Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford, 1881-1893 ; Professor of Philosophy, 
Owens College and University of Manchester, from 1893 ; Hon. LL.D., St. 
Andrews, 1905 ; President of Aristotelian Society, 1908-1911 ; Fellow of 
British Academy, 1913 ; appointed (1915) Gifford Lecturer in University 
of Glasgow for years 1916-1918. 

ALLEN, Arthur Acland, Barrister-at-Law. 

13, Queen's Gate Gardens, S.W. Born : 1868, at Prestwich ; son of 
Peter Allen, Publisher of the Manchester Guardian. Married : Daughter 
of J. Douglas Walker, K.C. Profession : Barrister-at-Law ; called to the 
Bar, 1893. Appointments : London County Council, from 1899 ; Deputy- 
Chairman, 1908-1909 ; M.P. (L.), Christchurch, 1906. and for Dumbarton- 
shire, December, 1910. Clubs : Reform, National Liberal, Burlington 
Fine Arts. 

ALLEN Major Richard James, J. P., First Secretary to Manchester 
Cotton Association. 

Royal Exchange, Manchester, and " Southburn," Avondale Road, South- 
port. Born : March i8th, 1861, at Kirkburn Vicarage, East Yorkshire ; 
second son of Rev. Richard Allen, M.A. (Cambs.), Vicar of Kirkburn (also 
grandson of Rev. George Allen, Vicar of Great and Little Driffield, East Yorks.), 
and Ann, daughter of Roger James, of Ulverston. Educated : Privately, and 
for six years at Wigton Hall College, Cumberland. Married : January 31st, 
1901, to Florence Mary, second daughter of John Myddleton Hare. M.A. 



BIOGRAPHIES 



(Wrangler), Cambs., and Caroline Mary, youngest daughter of George 
Williams, of London, and has issue one son : Brian Hare, born October 17th, 
1902. Appointments : First Secretary to the Manchester Cotton Associa- 
tion, 1898-1908 ; Master of Royal Exchange, Manchester, 1908, and still holds 
the position. Travelled : Belgium, Holland, Germany, France, United States 
of America, and Canada. Recreations : Golf and motoring ; formerly cricket, 
football, tennis, etc. Clubs : Old Rectory Club, Manchester ; Royal Automo- 
bile ; Automobile Association and Motor Union. Notes : Entered business, 
March, 1877, with a firm of Bankers and General Merchants, in Liverpool ; 
joined a firm of Cotton and General Brokers, 1881, leaving in March. 
1895, to take up position of first Secretary to the Manchester Cotton Associa- 
tion, whose membership represents nearly 20.000,000 spindles, and 73.000 
looms. During this period gained great knowledge of the raw cotton and 
general produce trades, and finance ; was Editor of and practically chief 
contributor to, the Association's weekly official organ Cotton, which circu- 
lates throughout the trade the world over. In 1908, resigned Secretaryship 
to the Association for that of Mastership of the Manchester Royal Exchange, 
which position he still holds. The Exchange has a membership of considerably 
over 10,000, representing the immense cotton and other industries of the 
North of England. It is the largest institution of its kind in the world, and 
powers were obtained by Act of Parliament in 191 3 to enlarge it by seventy- 
five per cent., bringing its area up to about 7,000 square yards on one floor. 
The sight at high " 'Change " is one of the spectacles of the world. 
The capital of the Exchange Company is £1,200,000. A Freemsison since 
1889 ; is a keen exponent of sport in its various forms ; was for 
twenty-five years connected with the Volunteer force, retiring (1904) with the 
rank of Major (with permission to retain his rank) in the 3rd V.B. The King's 
(Liverpool) Regiment. Later, commanded Southport Battalion National 
Reserve, retired therefrom, May, 1914. Joined as Major (Kitchener's Army). 
September, 1914. Served as Second in Command of 26th Battalion Man- 
chester Regiment and 70th Training Reserve Battalion. Retired November, 
1916. A Justice of the Peace for the County of Lancaster. Was presented 
at Court, St. James's Palace, London, in the reign of Queen Victoria. 

ALLEN, Russell. 

Davenham Hall, Northwich, and 10, Victoria Terrace, Beaumaris, Anglesey. 
Born : i860, at Prestwich. Educated : Rugby and Hesse Cassel, Germany. 
Married : 1886, to Blanche, eldest daughter of Joseph Moseley, of IManchester, 
and has issue two sons and four daughters : Monica (deceased), Doris EveljTi. 
John Edric, Geraldine May, Margaret Diana, Peter Lewis. Appointments : 
Member of Infirmary and Eye Hospital Boards of Management. Manchester ; 
J. P. for the County of Chester and D.L., County of Anglesey. Recreation : 
Hunting. CUih : Union, Manchester. 

ALLEN, The Ven. Willoughby Charles, M.A. (Oxen.). 

Egerton Hall, Victoria Park, Manchester. Born : October 7th, 1867, 
at Derby ; third son of Rev. Charles Fletcher and Priscilla Allen. Educated: 
M.A., Oxon. ; Scholar of Exeter College ; ist Class Theol., 1S90 ; Pusey 
and Ellerton Scholar, 1890 ; Houghton Syriac Prize, ist Class Semitic 
Languages; and Junior Kennicott Scholar, 1892. Married : April 21st, 190S, 
to Catherine Ellen Green, of Wroxham, Norfolk, and has issue three sons : 
Frederick Willoughby , Richard Malpas, and Peter Muir Spurgeon. Publications : 
" A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Gospel according to St. 
Matthew" (" International Critical Commentary"), 1902 ; " The Gospel accord- 
ing to St. Mark " (" Oxford Church Biblical Commentary "), 1915 ; Contributor 
to " Contentio Veritatis," and " Oxford Studies in the S^Tioptic Problem." 



10 LANCASHIRE 



Club : Old Rectory, Manchester. Career : Chaplain-Fellow of Exeter 
College, Oxford, 1894-1908 ; Lecturer in Theology and Hebrew, 1895-1908 ; 
Sub-Rector, 1898-1904 ; Junior Proctor, 1907-1908 ; Principal of Egerton 
HaU, Manchester (Theological CoUege), from 1908 ; Archdeacon of Manchester, 
from 1909 ; Temporary Chaplain to the Forces {4th class), 1915 ; Lecturer 
in History of Doctrine at Victoria University, Manchester. 

ALLOTT, Henry Newmarch, M.Inst.C.E. 

20, Cromwell Road, Stretford, and 46, Brown Street, Manchester. Born : 
July 26th, 1869, at Manchester ; son of the late Charles Sneath Allott, 
M.Inst.C.E., of Manchester. Educated: Manchester Grammar School. 
Appointments : Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers ; Member 
Manchester Association of Engineers ; Manchester Geological and Mining 
Society, Concrete Institute ; and Liverpool Engineering Society. Publica- 
tions : Papers on Reinforced Concrete, Steel Construction, Design of 
Engineering Workshops, and other technical subjects. Clubs : Constitutional, 
Engineers', Manchester. 

ALMOND, John, J.P., C.C, Cotton Spinner and Manufacturer. 

Park View, Bolton Road, Farnworth, near Bolton. Born : 1859 ; eldest 
son of William Almond, of Farnworth, Lanes. Married : 1888, to the daughter 
of John Edmondson, of Lytham, Lanes., and has issue: William Edmond- 
son and Marjorie Mary. Occupation : Cotton Spinner and Manufacturer. 
Appointments : J. P., 1907, Lanes. ; County Councillor, Lancashire, 1914. 
Recreation: Golf, music, birds, natural history. 

ALMOND, Percy James, Solicitor and Commissioner of Oaths. 

" Glengariff," Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Lanes. Office : 17, Dickinson Street, 
Manchester. Born : November nth, 1875, at Manchester ; fourth and 
youngest son of the late William Almond (died 1900), Solicitor, of Manchester, 
and Susannah (died 1899), heiress and only daughter of Samuel Kershaw, of 
Oldham (died 1842). Educated: Manchester Grammar School, and Victoria 
University. Married : August 27th, 1908, Mabel, eldest daughter of Joseph 
Norton, of " Woodlands," Pinner, Middlesex, and has issue one son and one 
daughter : Cyril and Lesley. Profession : Solicitor and Commissioner of 
Oaths. Appointment : Was Member of the Chorley Urban District Council, 
now incorporated with Manchester. Travelled : France, 1901 ; Germany, 
1905 ; Switzerland, 1901, 1903, 1905, 1906 ; Italy, 1907 ; Norway, 1904 ; 
Sweden, 1904 ; England and Scotland, 1895-1896 ; Ireland, 1897 ; Wales, 
1893-1894 ; Egypt, 1907 ; Turkey and the Holy Land, 1908. Recreations : 
Travel, golf, bowls, cycling, and motoring. Clubs : Chorlton Golf ; 
Masonic Bowling. Note : Partner in the firm of William Almond and Sons, 
Solicitors, of Manchester, formerly BeUhouse and Almond, of Princess 
Street, Manchester. 

ALSOP, James Willcox, B.A., J.P., Solicitor, Director Fire and 
Marine Insurance Companies. 

Ulverscroft, Bidston Road, Birkenhead, and 14, Castle Street, Liver- 
pool. Born : June 6th, 1846, at Birmingham ; eldest son of the Rev. James 
and Mary Alsop, late of Birmingham. Educated : Liverpool Institute ; 
Queen's College, Liverpool ; University of London, B.A. (with honours). 
Married : 1886, Constance, second daughter of Charles Grey Mott, J. P., of 
Harrow Weald, Middlesex. Profession : Solicitor ; senior partner in the 
firm of Alsop, Stevens, Crooks, and Co., of Liverpool. Appointments: 
Director and Deputy-Chairman of London and Lancashire Fire Insurance 
Co., Ltd., and Director of Standard Marine Insurance Co., Ltd. ; J. P. for 



BIOGRAPHIES n 



Liverpool ; Pro-Chancellor of University of Liverpool ; Chairman, Liverpool 
Education Committee; Member, Liverpool City Council (C), from 1899; 
Alderman ; J.P. ; Chairman Liverpool Local Tribunal, 1916. Publicalions : 
Various papers and addresses. Travelled: Continent of Europe. Recreatimis : 
Golf, travelling, reading. Clubs : Reform, London ; University, Exchange, 
Conservative, Liverpool ; Royal Liverpool Golf, Hoylake. 

ALTHAM, Jesse Liddel, J.P., B.Sc, Company Director. 

Summerhill, Greenodd, via Ulverston. Born : July 17th, 1869, at 
Burnley; third son of the late Alderman Altham, J. P., of Burnley, and 
Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Peter Holgate, of Burnley. Educated : Victoria 
University, Manchester, B.Sc. in Engineering. Married : September 5th, 
1895, at Burnley, Sarah Ellen, eldest daughter of Robert Walton, of " Willow 
Bank," Burnley, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Tomlinson, of 
Ingleton, and had issue one son : Robert, born July 24th, 1908 ; died, March 
I2th, 1912. Occupation : Company Director. Appointments : J.P. for 
County of Lancashire, 1908 ; Member of Ulverston Rural District Council, 
1912. Travelled : South Africa and Switzerland. Recreations : Golf, forestry, 
and gardening. Clubs : Ulverston and Lancaster County. Note : Owns 
132 acres of land at Egton-with-Newland, and 32 acres at Stephen Hey, 
Brierchffe. 

ANAGNOS, Aris, B.A., Egyptian Cotton Merchant and Exporter. 

Toftcombs, Rock Park, Rock Ferry: and 4, Old Hall Street, Apsley 
Buildings, Liverpool, and Manchester Royal Exchange. Offices in Corporation 
Street. Born : November 12th, 1888, at Patras, Greece ; fourth son of 
George Nicolas Anagnostopoulo, " Gerinias Estate," Lechaina, Greece, and 
Catherine Anagnostopoulo, Ramleh, Alexandria, Eg^'pt. Educated : B.A., 
Patras Grammar School and Lyceum ; Robert College (American College), 
in Constantinople, where he completed education and languages (eight). 
Married : March 30th, 1912, to Sarah Elizabeth Williams, onl}' daughter of 
the late Charles Williams, founder of the firm of Charles Williams and 
Co., Liverpool. Occupation : Partner in the firm of Messrs. Charles Williams 
and Co., 4, Old Hall Street, Liverpool, Egyptian Cotton Merchants and 
Importers, chiefly selling to Lancashire spinners. Travelled : Repeatedly 
all over the Continent — France, Belgium, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, 
Austria, Spain ; also the near East and the Balkans, which he knows 
intimately ; Greece, Turkey, Asia Minor, Egypt, and the Sudan ; also 
the Mediterranean, Gibraltar, Malta, Morocco, Tangiers, Algiers, etc. 
Recreations : Chiefly travelling, riding, and motoring. Clubs : Automobile 
Association, London ; Cercle Italien Alexandria (when in Eg>'pt) ; Hon. 
Member, Rock Ferry Cricket. Notes : Family played important part in 
the War of Independence, 1821 ; fought with Lord Byron at Missolonghi ; 
also in the after years of political struggle, in the Wars of 1S86, 1897, 
1912, and 1913. Well known in political circles. Keen on athletics ; received 
several medals at College ; attended International Olympic Games in Athens, 
1906 (as Secretary Athletic Assoc, of Robert College), when King Edward was 
present ; President of the Literary Club at College. Started business in 190S ; 
organised Egyptian export business to England and Continent for a fimi of 
leading Cotton Exporters ; started to import Egyptian cotton here with 
highly satisfactory results since 191 1. Has family estates in Greece. 

ANDERSON, Alexander Grant, M.A., M.D., D.Sc, D.P.H., Medical 
Officer of Health for Rochdale. 

Town Hall, Rochdale. Born : Kennethmont, Aberdeen ; son of James 
Anderson, of Little Flinder, Kennethmont, Aberdeen. Profession : Medical 



12 LANCASHIRE 



Officer of Health for Rochdale. Appointments : Medical Officer of Health ; 
Chief School Medical Officer ; Superintendent, Fever Hospitals ; and Medical 
Adviser under Insurance Act for County Borough of Rochdale. Publications : 
" The Decomposition of Fish, and its Detection from the PubUc Health Point 
of View " ; " Bacteriological Investigation with relation to effects of sewage 
pollution, in an outbreak of disease among the fish at the Government 
Marine Station, Aberdeen." Special Reports on questions of Public Health, 
e.g. Housing, Milk Supplies, etc. 

ANDERSON, John Wemyss, Master of Engineering, M.Inst.G.E., 
M.I.Mech.E. 

" Stronvar," Brancote Road, Oxton ; University of Liverpool; Nat 
'Phone: Birkenhead 1054: Royal 1314. Born: January ist, 1868, at Stoke, 
Devonport ; eldest son of the late John Anderson, Engineer, R.N., and the late 
Catherine S. Vivyan Anderson (formerly Murch). Educated : Park Grammar 
School (now Plymouth Corporation Grammar School) ; Devonport School 
of Art and Liverpool School of Science ; Master of Engineering (M.Eng.) 
M.Inst.C.E., M.I.Mech.E. Married: July 7th, 1897, to Caroline Emily, 
second daughter of the late Edward Taylor, Contractor, Everton, and 
has issue one daughter: Gertrude Wemyss Anderson, born May 22nd, 
1898. Profession : Engineer, Appointments : Demonstrator in Engineering, 
University College, Liverpool, 1893 ; University Lecturer, Engineering 
Design and Drawing. 1903, University of Liverpool. Author : "Text Book 
on Refrigeration " (Longmans). Recreations : Golf, tennis, cycling. Club : 
L^niversity, Liverpool. Career: Member of the Oxton Company Birken- 
head Batt. Cheshire Volunteer Regiment. For the last twenty-five years 
has taken a keen interest in all matters connected with " Refrigeration," and 
has contributed many papers to learned societies on the subject. University 
Lecturer in Engineering Design and Drawing ; Lecturer in Refrigeration ; 
Dean of the Faculty of Engineering, University of Liverpool. 

ANDERSON, Rev. Theophilus David, B.A., Wesleyan Minister. 

Fairholm, Woodford Road, Bramhall, near Stockport. Born : December 
6th, 1842, at Snaith, Yorkshire ; son of John and Hannah Jane Anderson. 
Educated : Kingswood School, Bath ; B.A., London. Married : August nth, 
1869, to Susan Vaughan Webb, daughter of William Childs Webb and Eliza 
Webb, and has issue four sons and three daughters : Wm. Jenkins Webb, 
Henry Ernest, Herbert Cooper, Leonard Charles, Evelyn Mary, Ada Vaughan, 
and Lihan Maude. Pyo/^ssro« .• Wesleyan Minister. Publications: "Memorials 
of Rev. John H. Anderson." Recreations : Reading; in youth, hill climbing. 
Notes : Son, Herbert C, is a Qr.-Master Sergeant in the Army Service Corps, 
at present at Boulogne Base ; Leonard Charles attested, and has been 
drafted into the A.S.C. 

ANDERSON, Professor William Blair, M.A. (First Class Honours 
in Classics), Browne Medallist, Author, Member Classical 
Association. 

Dunwood House, Withington, Manchester ; the University, Manchester. 
'Phone : Rusholme No. 401. Born : July 28th, 1877, at Aberdeen ; son of 
William Blair Anderson and Isabella Irvine Barr. Educated : Gordon's 
College, Aberdeen ; University of Aberdeen (M.A., First Class Honours in 
Classics) ; Trinity College, Cambridge (M.A., First Class in each part of the 
Classical Tripos, Browne Medal, Members' Prize). Author : " Edition of Livy, 
Book IX., with Notes, etc." (Cambridge University Press) ; numerous Articles 
in Classical Review, Classical Quarterly, etc. ; Member of Council of the 
Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies ; Member of the Classical Associa- 



BIOGRAPHIES 13 



tion, the Classical Association of Scotland, and the American Philological 
Association. Recreations : Golf, lawn tennis. Badminton. Career : Assistant 
Lecturer in Classics, University of Manchester, 1903-1906 ; Professor of Latin, 
Queen's University, Kingston, Canada, 1906-1913 ; Professor of Imperial 
Latin, University of Manchester from 1913. 

ANDERTON, William, F.R.C.S.(E.), M.R.C.P., Physician and 
Surgeon, Director. 

Mansion House, Ormskirk, Lancashire. 'Phone No. 7. Born : December 
9th, 1847, at Lathom, Lanes. ; second son of George Anderton, of Ormskirk 
and Lathom, and Alice, only daughter of Wm. Rimmer, of Ormskirk. Edti- 
cated : Mansion House Academy, Ormskirk ; and Dublin and Edinburgh 
Universities. Married : (i) October 31st, 1872, at Aughton, Emma, second 
daughter of the late Edmund Balrner, of Aughton, near Ormskirk, Lanes., 
and his wife, Mary Taylor, of Aughton, and has issue three sons : Edmund 
Balmer Anderton (M.D.), born August 6th, 1873, died December 7th, 
1902 ; Harold George, born January nth, 1878 ; Sydney Fawkes, born 
November 5th, 1880. (2) July 8th, 1903, at Aughton, Ann, only daughter 
of Richard Coupland Welsby, J. P., of Aughton, and his wife, Eliza, eldest 
daughter of Thomas Wilson, of Spital, Cheshire, and has issue two daughters : 
Mary Welsby, born September 6th, 1904 ; Florence Welsby, born June 9th, 
1907. Profession : Physician and Surgeon. Appointments : Chairman, Mill 
Lane Mining Co., Rainford ; Medical Officer of Health since June 26th, 1874 ; 
Certifying Factory Surgeon ; Senior Surgeon, Ormskirk Dispensary and 
Cottage Hospital ; Visiting Physician, Ormskirk, Latham, and Burscough 
Joint Hospital Board ; Chairman, Lancashire Bee Keepers' Association ; 
gave services free to wounded soldiers at Cottage Hospital ; took duty for 
the Medical Officer at Ormskirk Poor Law Hospital, he having joined the 
R.A.M.C. Travelled : France and Switzerland. Recreations : Golf and 
bee-keeping. Club : Ormskirk Golf. Freemasonry : Past Master of the 
Ormskirk Lodge of Harmony, No. 580. Notes : Member of the British 
Medical Association ; Member of the Liverpool Medical Institution and the 
North of England Obstetrical and Gynaecological Society. Owns seventy 
acres of land. 

ANDERTON, Colonel William Arthur Alphonsus Joseph Ince, J. P., 
D.L. 

Euxton Hall, Chorley, Lancashire. Born : 1855, at Euxton Hall ; 
son of William Michael Ince Anderton, D.L., J. P. (died, 1884), of Euxton, 
Lanes., and Emma, the second daughter of the ninth Earl of Fingall. 
Educated : Oratory School, Edgbaston, Birmingham. Married : 1887, to 
Mary Winefred, daughter of the late L. J. Johnstone, of Barnard Castle, 
Yorks. Appointments : Colonel in the Grenadier Guards, 1893-1896, when 
he retired ; J. P. for Lanes., 1897 ; D.L. Recreation : Polo, hunting, and 
shooting. Clubs: Turf and Travellers'. Notes: Interested in all County 
work and Discharged Prisoners' Aid ; at present commanding Troops engaged 
in guarding Alien Camps in the Isle of Man. 

ANSON, Rev. Harold, M.A., Rector of Birch, Examining Chaplain. 

Birch Rectory, Rusholme, Manchester. Born : 1867, at Sudbury, Derby- 
shire ; son of Frederick Anson, Canon of Windsor, and the Hon. Caroline 
Venables- Vernon, daughter of fifth Lord Vernon. Educated : Ch. Ch., 
Oxford; Second Class Modern History, Married: 1894, to Gwenllian, daughter 
of the late Henry Langridge, of Bartons, Crowborough, and has issue two 
sons and one daughter : Bernard John Evelyn, Philip Vernon, and Christine. 
Profession : Rector of Birch in Rusholme, and Examining Chaplain to the 



14 LANCASHIRE 



Bishop of Lincoln. Publications: Part author of "Concerning Prayer," and 
of "Faith or Fear," late Co-Editor of The Commonwealth. Career : Curate 
of St. Pancras, London, 1890-1894 ; Domestic Chaplain to Bishop of St. 
Albans, 1892-1894 ; Rector of Whitton, Suffolk, 1894-1897 ; Rector of 
Hawera, New Zealand, 1897-1901 ; Warden of St. John's College, Auckland, 
New Zealand, and Examining Chaplain to Bishop of Auckland, 1901-1905 ; 
Rector of Badsworth, Yorks., 1906-1910. 

APPLEFORD, Rev. Walter Langley, M.A., Principal and Chaplain 
(since 1882) of the Ripley Hospital, Lancaster, Trustee Lancaster 
Charities. 

Ripley House, Lancaster. Born : January 6th, 1852, at Ide Hill, Kent ; 
son of the Rev. John William Appleford, M.A., of Buckthorpe Rectory, York, 
and Frances, daughter of James PhiUips Langley, M.A., J. P., of Aston Clinton, 
Bucks. Educated : St. Columba's College ; Trinity CoUege, Dublin ; M.A. 
Married : December 21st, 1882, at Whetstone Parish Church, to Edith Scott, 
daughter of the Rev. Thomas Arundell, D.D., Vicar of Whetstone, Middlesex, 
and Annie, daughter of Robert Emerson, J. P., of Bandon, Co. Cork, and has 
issue one daughter : Helen. Appointments : Trustee of the Lancaster 
Charities ; Member of Central Committee, Royal Albert Asylum, Lancaster ; 
Trustee of St. Luke's Church, Lancaster; Principal and Chaplain (since 1882) 
of the Ripley Hospital, Lancaster. Travelled: Extensively on the Continent. 
Recreations : Golf, fishing, motoring. Club : County, Lancaster. 

ARBUTHNOT, Gerald Archibald, ex-M.P.. Vice -Chancellor of 
Primrose League. 

40, Great Cumberland Place, London, W. Born : December 19th, 1872 ; 
only son of the late Major-General William Arbuthnot, 14th Hussars, and 
SeUna, seventh daughter of Sir Thomas Moncreiffe, seventh Baronet, of 
Moncreiffe. Educated : Privately ; H.M.S. " Britannia." Married : 1894, to 
Dulce Johanna, daughter of the late Charles Oppenheim, 40, Great Cum- 
berland Place, W., and has issue three daughters : Frances Gertrude, Cynthia, 
and Dorothea Helen. Appointments : Private Secretary to Right Hon. 
Walter H. Long, M.P., 1894 ; served in that capacity during the Unionist 
Governments of 1895 and 1900, at the Board of Agriculture, Local Govern- 
ment Board, and Irish Office ; Contested Burnley, 1906 ; Vice-Chairman of 
Budget Protest League, 1909 ; Chairman of the Lancashire and Cheshire 
Federation of Junior Unionist Associations ; M.P. (U.), Burnley, 1910 ; Vice- 
Chancellor of Primrose League, 1912. Publications : Various articles in 
magazines and newspapers. Recreations : Mountaineering and golf. Club : 
The Carlton. Notes : Left the Navy in 1893 ; Lieut., R.N.V.R., from August, 
1914, to November, 1915, for mine sweeping duties ; transferred to Grenadier 
Guards, November, 1915. 

ARCHER, Frank, M.A., Assistant Master Bolton Grammar School. 

9, Shrewsbury Road, Bolton ; The Grammar School, Bolton. Born : 
February 24th, 1874, at Rockhampton, Queensland ; fifth son of Thomas 
Archer, C.M.G., and Grace Lindsay Morison. Educated : Dulwich College 
and Wadham College, Oxford ; B.A., 1897 ; M.A., 1901. Married : May 
2oth, 1904, to Hannah Sandeman, daughter of J. Watt Sandeman and 
Ellen, of Newcastle-on-Tyne, and has issue two daughters : Nancy, 
born 1905 ; Elinor, born 1907. Appointments : Assistant Master, Bolton 
Grammar School ; Member of the Bolton Amateur Orchestral Society ; 
Bolton Musical Artists ; Modern Language Association. Recreations : Music, 
golf, cycling. Career : Oxford University Certificate in the Theory and 



BIOGRAPHIES 15 



Practice of Education, 1898 ; Study in France and Germany at vau"ious 
times ; Derby Sciiool, 1898-1900 ; Oratory School, Birmingham, 1901-1902 ; 
Bolton Grammar School, since 1902. 

ARCHIBALD, Mrs. Isabel. 

Rusland Hall, Ulverston. Born : 1838 ; second daughter of the late 
Robert Falcon, M.D. Educated : Ladies' College, Cheltenham. Married : 
1864, to Charles William Archibald, of Rusland Hall, Lanes., J. P. (died 1893), 
and has issue one son and one daughter : Charles Falcon ; Mary Maud. 

ARDITTI, Salomon Nissim. 

123, Palatine Road, West Didsbury. Office : 20, Lloyds House, Manchester. 
Born : April 26th, 1872, at Rustchuk, Bulgaria ; second son of Nissim 
Josef Arditti and Rebekka, of Rustchuk. Educated : Vienna. Married : 
April 9th, 1905, to Dona, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Abraham Mitrany, of 
Bucharest, Roumania, and has issue two daughters : born December 2nd, 
1908, and May 15th, 1912, respectively. Travelled : All over Europe 
frequently, on business mostly. 

ARKLE, Arthur Henry, Alderman, J. P., ex-Mayor, Member Histoiic 
Society Council. 

Elmhurst, Glenmore Road, Oxton, Cheshire. Born : August 29th, 1858, 
at Birkenhead ; son of William Baillie Arkle and Eliza Jane Wilcox. Edu- 
cated : Marlborough. Married : Twice, and has issue one son and two 
daughters : Edward Wilcox Ireland ; Elsie Mary ; Helen Isabel. Appoint- 
ments : Member of Council, Historic Society of Lanes, and Cheshire ; Chair- 
man of Birkenhead Education Committee ; Birkenhead Borough Council, 
from 1905 (C), Oxton Ward; Alderman; Mayor of Birkenhead, 1909-1910 
and 1914-1915 ; J. P., 1914. ; Chairman, Birkenhead Advisory Committee 
(Recruiting). Club : Athenaeum, Liverpool. 

ARKLE, George Manning, L.M.S.S.A. (Lond.), Physician and Surgeon, 
District Medical Officer. 

124, Shiel Road, Liverpool. Born : August 6th, 1863, at Oxton, Cheshire; 
third son of William Baillie Arkle, of Oxton, Cheshire, and Lucinda, third 
daughter of George Manning, Ovoca, Ireland. Educated : LTniversity College, 
Liverpool, Medical and Surgical. Married : April 12th, 1899, at Liverpool, 
to Annie, third daughter of Henry Griffiths, of Richmond Park ; and Ellen, 
eldest daughter of John Birch, of Sefton, and has issue one daughter : Nora, 
born December 24th, 1902. Profession : Physician and Surgeon. Appoint- 
fnents : District Medical Officer, West Derby Union ; Visiting Medical Officer, 
Belmont Hospital, Lock Hospital, and Epileptic Hospital. Travelled : On 
the Continent. Recreation : Golf. 

ARMITAGE, Robert Ayrey, J. P., C.C., Member Manchester Stock 
Exchange, Insurance Co. Director. 

Broughton Park, Manchester, and 10, St. Ann's Square, Manchester. 
Born : At London ; youngest son of EUjah Armitage, of Broughton. Man- 
chester. Educated : Manchester. Married : Cathedral, Manchester, to Mary 
Howard, youngest daughter of John Marshall, of Ardwick, Lanes., and has 
issue two sons and five daughters. Occupation : Stockbroker. Appoint- 
ments : Justice of the Peace for the County Palatine of Lancaster, the 
City of Manchester, and for the County Borough of Salford : Member of 
the Standing Joint Committee, Lancashire County Council ; an Extraordinary 
Director of the Scottish Widows' Fund Life Assurance Society. Xotes : Member 
of the firm of R. A. Armitage and Son, and of the Manchester Stock Exchange. 



i6 LANCASHIRE 



ARMITAGE, Ziba, J.P. 

Newton Bank, Preston Brook, near Warrington. Born : May 5th, 
1842, at Manchester ; eldest son of William Armitage, of Altrincham and 
Manchester. Educated : Private Schools and Owens College. Married : 
March 4th, 1868, to Helen, eldest daughter of Henry and Hannah Lee. 
Cotton Manufacturer, retired ; Chairman of Armitage and Rigby, Ltd. 
Appointments : J.P. for Lancashire, Cheshire, and Warrington. Recrea- 
tion : Gardening, travelling, chess. Clubs : National Liberal and Manchester 
Reform. 

ARMSTRONG, Capt. Hubert, M.D., Hon. Physician, Liverpool 
Infirmary for Children. 

7, Rodney Street, Liverpool. Born : May 23rd, 1872, at Liverpool ; 
eldest son of the late Joseph Armstrong (ex-V.-P., Liverpool Cotton Assocn.), 
of Spital, Cheshire, and Harriet, eldest daughter of the late George Robinson, 
J.P,, of Manchester. Educated : Wirral College and University College, 
Liverpool ; M.D. Vict., Ch.B. ; M.D. Liverpool. Appointments : Hon. 
Physician to the Liverpool Infirmary for Children ; Hon. Anaesthetist to the 
Liverpool Royal Infirmary ; Hon. Medical Officer, St. Margaret's Orphanage ; 
some time Demonstrator of Physiology, University College, Liverpool ; Cap- 
tain, 1st Western General Hospital, R.A.M.C. (T.F.) ; General Secretary, 
Liverpool Medical Institution ; ex-President of the University of Liverpool Old 
Students' Association ; Manager, St. Michael's Hamlet Council School ; 
Ex-Chairman, Liverpool Central Division, British Medical Association ; 
Vice-President, Liverpool Amateur Photographic Association ; ex-President, 
Liverpool Philatelic Society. Author : Of many contributions to medical 
literature. Travelled : South America, France, Spain, Portugal, Switzerland, 
Italy and Holland. Recreations : Lawn tennis, photography, and philately. 
Clubs : Liverpool Conservative, Liverpool Cricket and other sports clubs. 
Note: Exhibitor at the " Northern " and other Photographic Exhibitions. 

ARNOLD, Frederick Octavius M.A., M.D., Barrister-at-Law, 
Deputy -Coroner. 

Westbourne, Hale, Cheshire. Office : 60, King Street, Manchester. 
Born : February 4th, 1883, at Altrincham ; eighth son of William Ashness 
Arnold and Sarah Ann Arnold. Educated : Manchester Grammar School ; 
Trinity College, Cambridge ; St. Thomas's Hospital, London ; M.A., M.D., 
B.C. (Cantab) ; M.R.C.S. (Eng.) ; L.R.C.P. (London). Profession : Barrister- 
at-Law ; Northern Circuit, practising in Manchester. Appointments : Chair- 
man, Hale U.D.C., 1913-1915 ; Deputy-Coroner for Manchester, 1912-1914. 
Publications : " Arnold on Damages and Compensation." Recreations : Golf 
and tennis. Clubs : Reform and Brasenose, Manchester. 

ARNOLD, Sydney, M.P., Hon. Treasurer, Northern Counties Free 
Trade Union. 

Hale, Cheshire. Born : 1878, at Altrincham ; son of the late W. A. 
Arnold, of Manchester. Appointments : Hon. Treasurer, Northern Counties 
Branch, Free Trade Union; M.P. (L.), W. R. Yorks. (Southern part, Holm- 
firth Division), from 1912. Clubs : National Liberal and Manchester Reform. 
Note : Unsuccessfully contested Holderness Division of Yorkshire, December, 
1910. 

ARTINGSTALL, Rev. Leslie, B.A., Nonconformist Minister. 

Ashleigh, Fleetwood. Born : February 14th, 1885, at West Didsbury, 
Manchester ; son of James Heywood and Annie Peel Artingstall. Educated : 



BIOGRAPHIES 17 



Lancashire Independent College, Manchester ; Manchester University, 
B.A. Married : February 15th, 1911, to Agnes Corsan MacCallum, elder 
daughter of John Corsan and Annie Lindsay MacCallum, and has issue 
one son and one daughter : John Heywood and Marjorie Lindsay. Profes- 
sion : Minister of Religion, Nonconformist. Recreation : Golf. 

ASCROFT, Sir William, Kt., J.P., Solicitor. 

Overleigh House, Preston, and The Wyke, Grasmere. Office : 35, 
Winckley Square, Preston. 'Phone : Overleigh House 579 ; The Wyke 7 
Grasmere ; 35, Winckley Square 197. Born : August 24th, 1832, at Preston ; 
son of Robert Ascroft and Isabella (nee Noble) Ascroft, of Preston. 
Educated : Preston Grammar School. Married : May 27th, 1858, to 
Christiana (died August i8th, 1907), daughter of Charles Walker and 
Christiana (nee Fawell), of Whitley Lower, West Riding of Yorkshire, and 
has issue two sons and four daughters : Robert Walker Ascroft, M.A., B.C.L., 
J.P. ; William Fawell Ascroft, M.A. ; Emily Isabella (wife of Edmund 
Dickson) ; Florence (wife of Herbert Walter Glover) ; Gertrude Grace 
(wife of George Hugh Whitehead) ; Emma Christiana. Profession : 
Solicitor. Appointments : J. P., County Borough of Preston, 1882, County 
of Westmorland, 1888. Recreation : Reading ; traveUing in Lake District. 
Clubs : Winckley Club, Preston ; and Westmorland County Club, Kendal. 

ASCROFT, Robert Walker, B.C.L., Solicitor and Coroner. 

4, East Cliff, Preston. Born : June 25th, i860, at Preston ; son of Sir 
William Ascroft, Kt., and Christiana Ascroft, Overleigh House, Preston. 
Educated : Chfton College ; Oriel College, Oxford, M.A., B.C.L. Married : 
October 19th, 1901, at Kew Parish Church, to Josephine, daughter of the 
late Rd. ThrelfaU, of HoUowforth, Lancashire. Profession : Solicitor and 
Coroner. Appointments : J.P., 1906 ; Coroner for Manor of Walton-le-Dale. 
Travelled : Many pleasant jaunts abroad. Recreations : Shooting, fishing, 
tennis, motoring and cychng. Club : Winckley. 

ASCROFT, William Fawell, M.A., Solicitor. 

Gleadale, Longridge, Preston, and 35, Winckley Square, Preston. Born : 
October ist, 1876, at Preston, Lanes. ; younger son of Sir WiUiam Ascroft, of 
Preston, Kt., and the late Christiana Ascroft. Educated : Rugby School and 
Corpus Christi College, Oxford, M.A. Married : April 19th, 1906, at Middles- 
brough, to Eve Mary, third daughter of the late John Thomas Belk, J.P., of 
MidcUesbrough, and has issue two daughters : Eve Christiana, bom October 
31st, 1908 ; and Mary Isobel, born August 31st, 1912. Recreations : Various. 
Club : Winckley. Is Railway Transport Of&cer, now in France. 

ASH, Arthur, Director of Limited Company. 

Milton ViUa, Grove Street, Didsbury. Born : January 29th, 1884, at 
Disley, near Stockport ; eldest son of Richard Randall Ash and Louie Ash, 
of 3, Princess Gate West, Princess Park, Liverpool. Educated : Holm Leigh, 
Buxton, and Cheltenham College. Married : March 30th, 1910, at Cheadle 
Parish Church, Cheshire, Agnes, daughter of Albert and Francis Warburton, 
of Cheadle, Cheshire, and has issue one son : Richard Derrick Ash, 
bom March 29th, 1912, at Hale, Cheshire. Occupation : Director, Messrs. 
A. Ash and Co., Ltd., Shippers, India, China, Java, etc. Travelled : India, 
Java, Straits, Continent. Recreations : Cycling, tennis, gardening, photo- 
graphy, etc. Notes : Having served some time as an engineer, volimteered 
for war work (munitions) when Ministry of Munitions was formed and has 
given his full time since then ; also attested under Lord Derby's Scheme ; has 
served as a Special Constable of the City of Manchester since September, 1914. 



i8 LANCASHIRE 



ASHBY, Hugh Tuke, B.A., M.D., M.R.G.P., Physician, Manchester 
Children's Hospital. 

13, St. John's Street, Manchester. Born : September i6th, 1880, at 
Manchester ; eldest son of Henry Ashby, of Manchester, and Helen, daughter 
of Rev. E. H. Tuke, of Canterbury, Kent. Educated : Cambridge, London, 
and Manchester Universities ; B.A., M.D., B.C. (Cambs.) ; M.R.C.P. (London). 
Profession : Consulting Physician. Appointments : Physician to the Man- 
chester Children's Hospital ; Physician to the Salford Royal Hospital. 
Publications : "Diseases of Children," " Health in Nursery," and "Notes on 
Physiology" (Longmans, Green, and Co.), "Infant Mortality" (Cambridge 
University). Travelled : U.S.A., Europe. Recreations : Golf, tennis, shooting. 
Club : Brasenose. 

ASHBY, Lieut. John Francis, L.L.M., Solicitor (Honours) , War Office 
Lecturer on Trench Warfare, Author. 

Hoylake, Cheshire ; " Shalston," Surbiton, Surrey. Born : March 26th, 
1886, at Old Hayes, Leicestershire ; elder son of William Ashby, of Old 
Hayes, Ratby, and Ellen Zilpah, eldest daughter of John Sanders, of 
Brentford, Middlesex. Educated : Calday Grange Grammar School ; Liverpool 
College ; Liverpool University ; Thomas Hornby and Cheshire County Scholar ; 
Honours LL.B., 1906; LL.M., 1907; Honours Solicitors' Final, 1909. Pro- 
fession : Solicitor (London Agents, Messrs. Burton, Yeates, and Hart, 
Surrey Street. W.C). Appointments : Hoylake and West Kirby U.D.C., 
1911 ; Wirral B.G., 1910 ; Education Committee, 1911 ; National Insurance 
Committee, 1913 ; Convocation and Court of Liverpool University. Author : 
Magazine Articles on Law, Athletics, and Travel. Travelled : Western Europe, 
1909-1913 ; South America, 1910. Recreations : Football, tennis, golf, and 
theatricals. Clubs : Royal Liverpool G.C. ; Birkenhead F.C. ; Oxton C.C. ; 
Field L.T.C. ; Parliamentary D.S. ; Greenroom A.D.S. Notes : In virtue 
of five years' service with University Volunteers (now O.T.C.), was gazetted 
Lieut, of Special Reserve of Officers on August 14th, 1914. Commanded 
company of the Mobile Force at strategic points on the Firth of Forth until 
Tanuary, 1915, when he joined ist Batt. Cheshire Regt., at Ypres. Wounded, 
Hill 60, April, 19 15 ; Lecturer on Trench Warfare in Northern and Western 
Commands till July, 1915. Returned to France, September, 1915. 

ASHTON, Henry Deakin, J.P., Cotton Manufacturer. 

" Ellerslie," Darwen, and Hope Mill, Darwen. 'Phone : 50 Darwen. 
Born : April 8th, 1861, at Darwen ; eldest son of WUliam Thomas Ashton, 
of Darwen, and Lydia Grace, eldest daughter of Henry Deakin, of Soulton 
Hall, Wem. Educated : Privately. Married : February 24th, 1886, at 
Belmont, to Louisa, eldest daughter of E. C. Deakin, of Belmont, Bolton, 
and Ann, daughter of Thos, Grundy, of Radcliffe, and has issue one son and 
one daughter : Edward Deakin, born October 27th, 1889 ; and Margaret Eileen, 
born August 7th, 1893. Occupation : Cotton Manufacturer. Appointments : 
J. P. (1905) for County of Lancaster. Notes : Interested in antiques. Owns 
two hundred acres of land at Wem, Salop. Only son is in the 9th Lancashire 
Fusiliers. 

ASHTON, Thomas Gair, Lord Ashton of Hyde (1st Baron), 1911, 
M.A., Chairman, Cotton Exports Committee. 

39, Prince's Gardens, S.W. ; Vinehall, Robertsbridge, Sussex ; Hyde. 
Cheshire. Born : February 5th, 1855 '> eldest son of the late Thos. Ashton, 
D.L., J. P., Hyde, Cheshire. Educated: Rugby; and University College, 
Oxford, M.A. Married : 1886, to Eva Margaret, daughter of John Henry 



BIOGRAPHIES 19 



James, of Kingswood, Watford, Herts., and has issue one son and two 
daughters : Thomas Henry Raymond ; Marian Evelyn (married Major 
Robert Wood, Royal Warwickshire Regt., 1913) ; and Margaret Joan. 
Appointments : M.P. (L.), Hyde Division of Cheshire, 1885-1886 ; S. Bedford- 
shire (Luton), 1895-1911 ; contested Hyde (L.), 1886, 1892 ; Chairman of the 
Cotton Exports Committee, appointed by the Board of Trade (a War Com- 
mittee). Recreation : Sports and pastimes. Clubs : Brooks's, Reform, and 
Athenaeum. 

ASHTON, Mrs. Letitia Mary. 

Heyscroft, West Didsbury, Lanes. Born : 1863, at Manchester ; second 
daughter of William Kessler and Letitia Sarah (nee Bellhouse) Summerville, 
Victoria Park, Manchester. Educated : At home. Married : 1886, to 
William Mark Ashton (died 1895), third son of Thomas Ashton, of Ford Bank, 
Didsbury, and has issue one daughter and one son : Letitia Dorothy, born 
1887 (married, 1911, Capt. Charles Orr) ; and, Samuel Edgar, born 1888 
(married, 1911, Violet Birch Reynardson). 

ASHTON, William, Newspaper Proprietor and Director of Limited 

Company. 

27, Irton Road, Southport. Born : August 14th, i860 ; son of Wilham 
Ashton, of Pilsworth, Bury, and Martha Mycock, of Buxton. Educated : 
Aughton House, Birkdale. Married : 1891, Margaret Riddle, of South 
Shields, and has issue two sons and one daughter. Occupation : Managing 
Director of Wiliam Ashton and Sons, Ltd., Paper Merchants and Manufac- 
turing Stationers, Grosvenor Works, Southport ; Joint Proprietor and Editor 
of the Southport Journal (established 1882). Author : " The Battle of Land 
and Sea on the Lancashire, Cheshire, and North Wales Coasts." Travelled : 
Germany, Austria, Switjserland, etc. Recreations : Music, geological research. 

ASHTON, Rev. William Henry, M.A., Rector of St. John's Church, 

Old Traflford (since 1902). 

Edenfield, Upper Chorlton Road, Manchester. Born : June loth, 1872, 
at Wigan ; son of James Thomas Ashton, of Wigan, and Jane, daughter 
of WilBam Melling. of Haigh. Educated : Wigan Grammar School (Powell 
Exhibitioner) ; St. John's College, Cambridge, B.A., 1894 ; M.A., 1899. 
Married : April 27th, 1899, at Parbold, to Ada Helen Jane, daughter of Henry 
and Elizabeth Gibson, of Parbold, near Southport, Lancashire, and has issue 
one daughter : Florence Helen Margaret, born February 3rd, 1900. Appoint- 
ments : Formerly Curate of St. John's, Oldham, 1895 ; St. Margaret's, 
Whalley Range, 1898 ; Hon. Sec, Manchester Diocesan Church of England 
Tenperance Society, and Member Central Executive (London) ; Rector of St. 
John's Church, Old Trafford, since 1902. Recreations : Cricket, football. 
Club : Old Rectory, Church House. 

ASHWORTH, Charles Edward, President of Waterloo Literary Society. 

Ashlea, Elton Avenue, Blundellsands ; and 5 and 6, Berry's Buildings, 
George Street, Liverpool. Born : 1853, at Heywood ; eldest son of James 
Ashworth and Hannah Ashworth. Educated : Bickerton House, Birkdale. 
Married : 1897, to Cordeha Lilla Little, daughter of Thomas and Lilla C. 
Little, of Woodville, Forest Hill. Occupation : Cotton Broker. Appoint- 
ments : Ex- Vice-President of Southport Division of West Lancashke (Liberal) 
and also of Waterloo Division; President of the Waterloo Literary, and 
member of many other Societies. Recreations : Golf, gardening, music, and 
literature. Club : West Lancashire Golf. One of the founders of the 



20 LANCASHIRE 



Birkdale Cricket Club and the Liverpool Lacrosse Club ; also President of the 
Waterloo Ramblers A.F.C. ; late member of the Crosby Cricket Club, Birk- 
dale Cricket Club, Southport Football Club, Mersey Rowing Club, Liverpool 
Lacrosse ; Captain of the Seaforth Lacrosse Club. For about twenty years 
(Amateur) Organist at Places of Worship in Southport and Waterloo. 

ASHWORTH, Francis, J.P., Merchant Shipper. 

The Mount, Legh Road, Knutsford, Cheshire. 'Phone : No. 107. Born : 
1840, at Salford ; second son of Edward Ashworth, of Manchester. Educated : 
Private School, Higher Broughton, and Manchester Grammar School. 
Married : 1872, to M. K. Hawxby (died 1902), and has issue four sons and 
four daughters. Occupation : Partner, George Robinson and Co., Merchant 
Shippers. Appointments : President, Manchester Chamber of Commerce, 
1908-1909 ; Chairman of Knutsford U.D.C., 1898-1900 ; J. P., Cheshire, 1903. 
Club : Constitutional, Manchester. 

ASHWORTH, Councillor Joseph, J. P., Mayor of Leigh, President of 
Beautiful Leigh Society. 

86, Railway Road, Leigh. Born : February 27th, 1871, at Leigh ; only 
son of Henry and Ann Ashworth, of Leigh (both deceased). Educated : 
Bedford Wesleyan Elementary School. Married : Rachel Ashworth, 
daughter of Joseph and Alice Carr, of Leigh (both deceased), and has issue 
two daughters: Olive, born November 19th, 1897; and Linda, born June 27th, 
1907. Occupation: Secretary and Manager, Leigh Friendly Collecting Society. 
Appointments : Justice of Peace ; Mayor of Leigh, 1913-1914, 1914-1915,1915- 
1916 ; Member of Leigh Borough Council from November, 1904 ; Chairman 
Leigh After-care Committee ; Chairman, Executive Leigh Liberal Association ; 
President, Beautiful Leigh Society ; Chairman of Leigh Relief Committee ; 
Chairman and Hon. Treasurer of Leigh Parliamentary Recruiting Committee ; 
Chairman of Local Tribunal; Chairman of Leigh War Savings Committee; 
Chairman of Leigh Naval and Mihtary Pensions Committee ; Member of 
Lancashire Insurance Committee; and a local preacher in the Wesleyan 
Connexion. Recreations : Music and bowls. Clubs : National Liberal Club. 

ASHWORTH, John Kershaw, Cotton Merchant. 

High Birch, Marland, Rochdale ; Jennings' Mills, Rochdale. Born : 
June 5th, 1878, at Rochdale ; only son of Miles and Sarah Ashworth, of 
Dunster, Rochdale. Educated : Pembroke House School, Ansdell, near 
Lytham. Married: June 5th, 1901, to Rachel Tweedale, second daughter 
of Edmund and Lois Tweedale, of High Birch, Marland, Rochdale. Occu- 
pation : Director of Messrs. Miles Ashworth, Ltd., Cotton and Cotton Waste 
Merchants. 

ASHWORTH, Richard, J.P., Felt and Woollen Manufacturer. 

Ashlands, Newchurch ; Bridge End Mills, W^aterfoot. Born : July 6th, 
1848, at Newchurch, Rossendale ; son of George and Deborah Ashworth, of 
Newchurch. Educated: Locally. Married: August, 1877, at Bacup, to 
Jane, daughter of Robert and Mary Worswick, of Cherry Tree House, 
and has issue three sons and two daughters : James, born 1879 ; 
Oliver, born 1881 ; George, born 1884 ; Beatrice Ahce, born 1878 ; Marjory, 
born 1888. Occupation: Felt and Woollen Manufacturer. Appointments: 
Justice of Peace for the County of Lancaster, 1902 ; Director of Mitchell, Ash- 
worth, Stansfield and Co., Ltd. Publications : Pamphlets on the Rossendale 
Dialect. Travelled : Continent of Europe. Recreations : Golf, cychng, 
orchid growing. Note : Family name is traced back to William the Con- 
queror's time. 



BIOGRAPHIES 21 



ASHWORTH, William, Director of Limited Company. 

Rose Villa, Stockport Road. Ashton-under-Lyne. Born : 1876, at 
Oldham ; eldest son of Charles and Hannah Ashworth, of Oldham. Educated : 
Oldham. Married : 1897, to Gertrude Eastwood, daughter of Alfred and 
Ann Eastwood, of Ashton-under-Lyne, and has issue one son : William, 
born 1897. Occupation : Cotton Doubler ; Director of Messrs. Charles Ashworth 
and Sons, Ltd. 

ASHWORTH, William Robert, Cotton Goods Manufacturer. 

189, Edmund Street (West), Rochdale; Foot Mills, Rochdale; and 
Trafalgar Street Mills, Rochdale. Born : August 13th, 1870, at Lowerfteld, 
Rochdale ; son of William Ashworth, of 2, Healey Dell, Rochdale. Educated : 
Ordinary, took Technical Honours Weaving and Designing, City Guilds. 
Married : September ist, 1894, to Clara Butterworth, daughter of John 
Butterworth, of Rochdale, and has issue four sons and two daughters : 
Arnold, Clifford, Harvey, William, Edna, and Olive. Occupation : Director 
of W. R. Ashworth, Ltd., Coloured Goods Manufacturers, and J. and 
L. Jackson (Rochdale), Ltd. Recreation: Interested in cricket and foot- 
ball. Member of Royal Exchange, Manchester. Notes : Started at the 
age of ten years in woollen mills ; then went with Samuel Turner and 
Co., Ltd., and finished there as designer ; after leaving, was engaged as 
designer by Messrs. J. Steel and Co., Manchester, and was asked, in six months, 
to take over the management ; six years afterwards commenced business at 
Foot Mill, Rochdale, as W. R. Ashworth, Ltd. (private family concern) ; three 
years ago purchased the business of J. and L. Jackson, noted for grey twills, 
and now owns over four hundred looms. His father was Chairman of the 
Rochdale Board of Guardians. 

ASPINALL, John Audley Frederick, M.Inst.C.E., former General 
Manager, Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway. 

" Gledhill," Mossley Hill Drive, Sefton Park, Liv^erpool ; Teleg. address: 
" Remedy," Liverpool ; 'Phone : 42 Mossley Hill. Born : 1851, at Liverpool ; 
son of John Bridge Aspinall, Q.C., Recorder of Liverpool. Educated : 
Beaumont College, Berks. Articled at Crewe Works to the L. and N.W. 
Railway. Appointments : General Manager, Lanes, and Yorks. Railway, 
from 1899 ; Great Southern and Western Railway of Ireland, Works Manager, 
1875 ; Locomotive and Carriage and Wagon Superintendent, 1883 ; Chief 
Mechanical Engineer, Lanes, and Yorks. Railway, 1886 ; laid out Locomotive 
Works at Horwich ; in charge of Carriage and Wagon Dept., 1895 ; Past 
President, Institute of Mechanical Engineers ; Yice-President of Institution 
of Civil Engineers ; Member of the Railway Executive Committee ; Knight 
of the Order of Leopold ; Knight of Grace of the Order of St. John of 
Jerusalem; Lieut. -Col. Engineer and Railway Staff Corps (T.D.). 

ASSHETON, Ralph Cockayne, Director of Railway Company, Landed 
Proprietor. 

Downham Hall, Clitheroe. Born : September r3th, i860, at Downham, 
in Lancashire ; son of the late Ralph Assheton and Emily Augusta, daughter 
of the late Joseph Feilden, Witton Park, Blackburn, and grandson of William 
Assheton and Frances Annabella, daughter of Hon. William Cockayne, of 
Rushton Hall, Co. Northampton. Educated : Eton College ; and Jesus College, 
Cambridge. Married : 1898, at Petersham, to Mildred Estelle Sybella, 
daughter of John Henry Master (Surrey, J. P.), of Petersham Madras Civil 
Service (retired), and has issue one son and three daughters : Ralph, bom 
February 24th, 1901 ; Dorothy Winifred, born August 7th, 1899 ; Mary 



22 LANCASHIRE 



Monica, born May 6th, 1903 ; Eleanor, born May 2nd, 1907. Appointments : 
Alderman for the County of Lancaster ; has been an acting Justice for West 
Riding, Co. York, since 1888, and for Lanes., since 1890 ; is a Director of the 
Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Co. Travelled : Round the world. Clubs : 
Carlton, Pall Mall, London, S.W. ; Union, Mosley Street, Manchester. Note : 
Landed proprietor, and interested in agriculture. 

ATKIN, Peter Wilson, M.A., LL.M., J.P., Stipendiary Magistrate for 
Salford. 

6, Park Lane, Higher Broughton. Born : 1859, at Rock Ferry ; son of 
George Atkin, J. P., and his wife, Emily Tweedale, of Rochdale (Enghsh). 
Educated : Royal Institution, Liverpool ; Mill Hill School ; and Jesus College, 
Cambridge. Married : 1885, to Nelley Everett, daughter of W. J. Keyser, 
of Milton, Florida, and has issue one son and two daughters. Profession : 
Barrister-at-Law. Read with Lord Gorell; called to the Bar of the Inner 
Temple, 1883 ; practised on the Northern Circuit. Appointments : For some 
years sat as Deputy-Recorder of Liverpool ; formerly member of the Birken- 
head Town Council and Education Committee. Unsuccessfully contested 
theEverton Division in the Liberal interest in 1892 ; J. P., 1908 ; Stipendiary 
Magistrate of Salford, 1913 ; Chairman, Salford Tribunal. Recreations : 
Rowing and gardening. Clubs : Reform and National Liberal (London) ; 
Reform, Liverpool, Brasenose (Manchester) ; Leander. 

ATKINS, John Charles, F.C.A., Secretary, Oldham Chamber of 
Commerce. 

Prudential Buildings, Oldham. 'Phone: 181, Oldham. Born: September 
3rd, 1851, at Springhead, Yorkshire ; eldest son of George and Maria Atkins. 
Educated : Bristol. Married : September 4th, 1872, to Jane Broadbent, 
and has issue two sons and two daughters. Recreations : Cricket, golf. 
Clubs : Manchester Reform, and Union, Oldham. Masonic Lodge No. , 
Friendship, 277 (Past Master). Career: Fellow, Institute of Chartered 
Accountants ; Senior Partner of firni of John C. Atkins and Son ; Secretary, 
Oldham Chamber of Commerce ; one of the founders and first Secretary of 
the British Cotton Growing Association. 

ATKINSON, James Hudson, Baptist Minister. 

Brooke House, Brooke Road, Blundellsands, Liverpool. 'Phone : 647, 
Waterloo. Born : March 21st, 1843, at Sheffield ; son of Cornelius and Maria 
Atkinson. Educated : Private School, Sheffield ; Boarding School, Spalding ; 
Midland Baptist College, Chilwell, Nottingham. Married : Thrice. Appoint- 
ments : Baptist Minister, Waterloo, Liverpool ; Member of Council of Baptist 
Union of Great Britain and Ireland ; Hon. Member of Baptist Missionary 
Society; President of Local Free Church Council ; Hon. Sec. of Liverpool 
Hospital Sunday Fund ; Member of various Educational Boards and local 
institutions. Recreation : Golf. Publications : Sermons. Club : Reform, 
Liverpool. 

ATKINSON, Rev. Walter Chetwynd, M.A., Vicar of Walmsley, near 
Bolton. 

Walmsley Vicarage, near Bolton. Born : February 15th, 1858, at 
Kirtlington Vicarage, Oxford ; youngest son of Rev. James Augustus 
Atkinson, M.A., D.C.L., Hon. Canon of Manchester (died 1911), and the Hon. 
Charlotte Adelaide, third daughter of sixth Viscount Chetwynd (died. 1912). 
Educated : Eton ; Keble College, M.A. (Second Class CI. Mods., and Third Class 
Lit. Hum.), 1881 ; and Cuddesdon College, Married : January ist, 1901, 



BIOGRAPHIES 23 



at Knaresborough Parish Church, to Jane, eldest daughter of the late Rev. 
William CoUins, M.A., of Kirkman Bank, Knaresborough, and Jane, 
sixth daughter of Rev. Thomas Collins, B.A., of Knaresborough House, 
Knaresborough, and has issue one son : George Curzon Chetwynd, 
born October 21st, 1904. Appointment : Vicar of Walmsley, near Bolton. 
Travelled : Norway and Italy. Notes : Mr. Atkinson's grandfather 
was a distinguished Persian scholar and translator. He was also 
Superintending Surgeon to the Army of the Indies, and took part in the 
first Afghan Expedition, 1839-1841. He was also an artist of considerable 
ability. Some of his paintings are in the National Portrait Gallery and the 
India Office. 

AUDEN, Arnold William Montfort, B.A., M.B., CM., Surgeon. 

Birch House, Leigh, Lancashire. Born : July 22nd, 1863, at Rowley 
Regis, Staffordshire ; eldest son of the late Rev. William Auden, of the 
Vicarage, Church Broughton, Derbyshire, and Mary Jane, eldest daughter 
of Ann Hopkins, of Dunstall, Staffordshire, now of Churchdown, Gloucester- 
shire. Educated: Clare College, Cambridge (B.A., 1886); and Edinburgh 
University (M.B., CM., 1895). Profession : Surgeon. Travelled : Canada, 
Japan, New South Wales. Recreations : Cycling and walking. 

AUKLAND, Dudley, LL.M., Solicitor. 

Denton's Green, St. Helens. Office : Municipal Offices, Liverpool. 
Born : December 20th, 1887, at Warrington ; eldest son of William Henry 
Aukland, of Denton's Green, St. Helens, Lancashire, and Alice Bertha 
Essenhigh, daughter of Lethem John Essenhigh, of Gravesend, Kent. 
Educated : Liverpool University (LL.M.). Profession : Solicitor. Appoint- 
ments : Assistant Solicitor to the Liverpool Corporation, and Assistant Clerk, 
Liverpool Insurance Committee. Travelled : Europe. Recreations : Golf, 
motoring. With H.M. Forces: Lieut. (Temp. Capt.), 1/5 South Lancashire 
Regiment (gazetted 1909) ; served in France since February, 1915. 

AUTY, Rev. Richard Henry, Primitive Methodist Minister. 

37, Shakespear Street, Higher Ardwick, Manchester. Born : November 
loth, 1865, at Dewsbury, Yorks. ; son of Richard and Harriet Auty. Educated : 
Batley Grammar School and Hartley College. Married : July nth, 1892, 
to Lizzie Johnson, daughter of Wm. and M. I. Johnson, and has issue one 
son and one daughter : Clifford Marshall and Gladys Kathleen Isabel. 
Profession : Primitive Methodist Minister, Recreation : Golf. Masonic 
Lodge: Crook, 2019. 

AXON, Ernest, Chief Assistant Librarian, Manchester Public Library, 
Hon. Secretary, Vegetarian Society. 

Reference Library, Piccadilly, Manchester ; 257, Deansgate, Manchester ; 
117, St. James' Road, Heaton Moor, Stockport. Born : 1868, at Manchester ; 
son of the late William E. A. Axon, M.A., LL.D., and his first wife, Jane 
Woods. Married : 1891, to Florence Rogerson (died 1893) ; 1895, to Julia 
Williamson, and has issue one son and one daughter : Geoffrey Rogerson, 
R.A.M.C. ; Florence. Appointments : Chief Assistant Librarian, Manchester 
Public Libraries, from 1912 ; Fellow of the Library Association ; Member 
of Council of Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society, 1910-1916 ; Hon, 
Secretary, The Vegetarian Society, from 1915. Publications : " Bygone 
Lancashire," 1892 ; " Manchester Sessions, 1606-1623," 1901 ; " Mosley 
Family Memoranda," 1902 ; " Chetham Genealogies," 1903 ; " The Older 
Nonconformity in Kendal " (with F. Nicholson), 1915 ; numerous Biblio- 



24 LANCASHIRE 



graphical, Genealogical, and Antiquarian Papers ; Editor of Vegetarian 
Messenger, 1895-1904, Manchester Public Libraries Quarterly Record, 
1897-1911, and Guild Journal, 1913. Recreations : Bowls, cycling. 

AYRTON, Edward, J.P., Silk Spinner. 

Bridge House, Lower Bentham, near Lancaster. Born : 1850, at Leeds ; 
second son of the late W. Scrope Ayrton, J. P., Commissioner in Bankruptcy 
for Leeds District. Educated : Leeds Grammar School. Married : 1888, 
to Kate, daughter of the late Rev. Robert Bourne, B.A., Rector of Little 
Ellingham, Norfolk, and has issue two sons and one daughter (died 1904). 
Occupation : Silk Spinner. Appointments : J. P. for Lancashire and West 
Riding, Yorks., 1910. Has two sons (mechanics) in the Royal Naval Air 
Service. 

BAERLEIN, Harold A., B.A. 

Redcroft, Didsbury. 'Phone : 32, Didsbury. Office : Baerlein and 
Sons, 12, Blackfriars' Street, Manchester. 'Phone : 6300 City. Telegrams : 
" Baersons." Born : 1878, at Manchester ; eldest son of M. Baerlein, 
of the Grange, Withington, Lanes. Educated : Eton and Trinity College 
Cambridge (B.A.). Married: 1905, to Gladys, daughter of Henry L. 
Rothband, of Manchester. Appointment : City of Manchester Special 
Constabulary. Recreation : Golf. Club : Leander Rowing. 

BAGOTT, Rev. Charles Hodgetts, M.A., Vicar of Mossley. 

The Vicarage, Mossley, near Manchester ; and Wall Heath House, Wall 
Heath, near Dudley. Born : Dudley, Worcestershire ; eldest son of Henry 
and Anne Bagott, of The Briars, Trinity Road, Dudley. Educated : Worcester 
College, Oxford (M.A.) ; and Lichfield Theological College. Married : January, 
1894, at Christ Church, West Bromwich, to Clara Adeline, daughter 
of William Mould, J. P., West Bromwich; and has issue one son and 
one daughter : Harry William Hodgetts, born 1897 ; Mary Louise, 
born 1900. Appointments : Clerk in Holy Orders ; Vicar of Mossley, 
Lanes. ; formerly Curate of Christ Church, West Bromwich ; St. Stephen's, 
Burnley ; and Ashton-under-Lyne. Travelled : The Cathedral Cities of 
England and Wales. Recreations : Books and gardening. Notes : Is acting 
as Local Representative for the Inns of Court O.T.C. His son, Harry W. H. 
Bagott, is an Undergraduate of Oxford and a member of Keble College ; he 
has also joined the Oxford O.T.C. with a view to obtaining a Commission ; 
is reading for medicine at Oxford. 

BAILDON, Francis Joseph, M.B., CM. (Edin.), Surgeon. 

42, Hoghton Street, Southport. Born : 1858, at Newcastle-under-Lyme ; 
eldest son of Joseph B. and Sarah Eliza Reade (both deceased). Educated : 
M.B., CM. (Edin.). Married: Sophie Mercer Sidey, eldest daughter of 
the late James A. Sidey, M.D., of Edinburgh, and has issue one daughter : 
Frances Sophie. Profession : Surgeon. Clubs : Union and Savage, South- 
port. Notes : President of the Southport Society of Natural Science ; Presi- 
dent of the Southport Orchestral Society ; Senior Consulting Honorary 
Medical Officer to the Southport Infirmary ; Member (co-opted) of the 
Atkinson Free Library Committee ; Member of the Council (President. 19 16) 
of the Lancashire and Cheshire Branch of the British Medical Association. 

BAILEY, Charles William, M.A. (Trinity College), Head Master. 

Lauriston, Victoria Park, Wavertree. Born : April 27th, 1864 ; eldest 
son of Michael and Mary Anne Bailey. Educated : Saltley College, University 



BIOGRAPHIES 25 

College, Liverpool; Trinity College, Dublin; M.A., Trinity College, 
Dublin; Diploma in Education, Oxford. Married: 1901, to Irene Maud, 
daughter of Edward S. Cornish, C.E., and Emily Cornish. Profession : Head 
Master, Holt School, Liverpool. Author : " Round the World— Africa " (T. C. 
and E. Jack) ; "Steps towards Education Reform " (Cambridge Press, 1913) ; 
Joint Editor with Canon Morley Stevenson, of "Old Testament for Schools" 
(Dent, 1916). Recreation : Golf. Clubs : University and Woolton Golfs. 
Career : Appointed an Assistant Master in Liverpool in 1884, and has been 
actively employed there ever since. He has been Principal of the Sefton Park 
Council School, and Assistant to the Professor of Education in the University, 
and interested in many forms of social work. He was one of the first workers 
at the Balfour Institute, a young men's club, of which he is now Chairman. 
He has been an official of some of the Societies of the Liverpool Guild of 
Education and is President of the English Association of the Guild. He is 
a co-opted Member of the Northern Universities' Joint Matriculation Board, 
the Hon. Secretary of the North-Western Division (Lancashire, Cheshire, 
Cumberland, and "^Westmorland) of the Incorporated Association of Head 
Masters, and a Member of the Association's Council. 

BAILEY, John Lockhart, B.A., Solicitor and Director of Limited 

Companies. 

Llangrove House, Princes Park, Liverpool. Office : Bristowe Chambers, 
8, Harrington Street, Liverpool. Born : October 7th, 1853, at Elmhurst 
Roby, Lancashire ; second son of William Latham Bailey and Frances Byng, 
youngest daughter of John McLean, of Campbelton, Cantire, N.B. Educated : 
Privately; Exeter College, Oxford (B.A.). Profession: SoUcitor. Director of 
Limited Companies. Travelled: Continent. Recreation: Shooting. C/?^6s.' Con- 
servative (Liverpool) ; University (Liv^erpool) ; Athenaeum News Room and 
Library (Liverpool). Notes: Member of the firm of Bailey and Atkinson, 
Solicitors, Liverpool ; Director of the Liverpool Law Association, Ltd., and 
the Liverpool Revisionary Co., Ltd. 

BAILEY-SHACKLETON, Rev. John Henry, M.A., F.R.G.S., Head 
Master, Lancaster Royal Grammar School. 

School House, Lancaster. 'Phone : 109 Lancaster. Born : August 26th, 
1875, at Thornton Heath, Surrey ; son of William de Vear and Sarah Alice 
Bailey. Educated : St. Paul's School, and Worcester College, Oxford ; Scholar 
First Class Math. Mods., 1895 ; First Class Math. Finals, 1897 ; First Class 
Interpreter in French. Deacon 1898, Priest 1899, Norwich. Chief Master 
Modem Side of Rossall, 1909-1912. Profession : Head Master. Lancaster Royal 
Grammar School. Appointments : Chaplain and Naval Instructor. R.N., 
1900-1909 ; served in H.M.S. Dreadnought, King Edward VII., Good Hope, etc. 
Clubs : Fellow Royal Geograpliical Society ; Member of Head Master's Con- 
ference. Masonic Lodge No. : Rowley Lodge, Lancaster, 1051. 

BAKER, Rev. Arthur Harry, M.A., Rector. 

69, Cecil Street, Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester. Born : November 
26th, 1877, at Edgbaston. Birmingham ; eldest son of John Henry and 
Elizabeth Baker, daughter of Joseph Hodges, of Ledbury, Herefordshire 
(both deceased) . Educated: Manor House College, Hastings ; Owens College, 
Manchester ; King's College, London ; Lincoln College, Oxford ; University 
of Manchester ; M.A. of Manchester ; First Class History Honours, Brad- 
ford Scholar. Langton Fellow, 1905-1908. Married : 1908, at Hastings, to 
Ida, daughter of the late A. W. Jeffrey, of Cheriton, Hastings, and Rosa, 
second daughter of Dr. W. T. Smythe, of Tunbridge Wells, and has no issue. 



26 LANCASHIRE 



Profession : Rector of St, Ambrose, Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester, and 
Secretary of Faculty of Theology, the University of Manchester. Recreations : 
Tennis and cycling. 

BALDWIN, Col. William John Atkinson, J.P., Barrister-at-Law. 

Dalton-in-Furness, Lanes. Born : 1845, at Dalton ; eldest son of the 
late Rev. John Baldwin, of Dalton-in-Furness, Lanes., and Elizabeth, only 
daughter and heiress of William Atkinson, of Dalton, Lanes. Educated : 
Harrow and Christ Church, Oxford. Profession : Barrister, Middle Temple, 
1876. Appointments : J.P., Lanes. (C.A.) and Cumberland ; Chairman of 
the Kent Fishery Board ; Vice-Chairman of Lancaster Quarter Sessions ; 
elected permanent Chairman of North Lonsdale Bench of Magistrates. 
Travelled : India and U.S.A. Clubs : Carlton and Junior United Service. 
Masonic Lodge No. : Baldwin, 1398. Past Prov. S. Warden, S. and W. Lancashire 
Baldwin Chapter of Arch Masons ; Knight Templar, Knight of Roman 
Constantine and Rose Croix ; P. Prov. G. H. with Lancashire and Malta. 
Notes : Lt.-Col. Commanding (Hon. Col.) 1888, 3rd Batt. (Mil.) Border Regt., 
1887-1892 (Retired). Note: Owns land at Dalton, Newton, Hawcoat, 
Barrow, Lancashire. 

BANCROFT, Elias, R.C.A., Hon. Secretary, M.A. 

10, Acomb Street, Manchester. Born : At Barton, Cheshire ; son of 
Elias and Hannah Bancroft, near Northwich, Cheshire. Educated : Man- 
chester. Married : Louisa Mary, third daughter of the late Wm. and Hannah 
Heald, of Cheshire, and has issue of former wife two sons and one daughter: 
Alfred Bancroft; Walter Bancroft, M.A., Oxford; and Hannah Bancroft. 
Profession : Artist. Travelled : Morocco, Spain, France, Bavaria, Germany, 
and Switzerland. 

BANKS, Ernest Henry, B.A., LL.B., Solicitor. 

Woodlands, Fulwood Park, Liverpool. Telegrams : " Kenbanks, Liver- 
pool." Born: October 25th, 1884, at Prescot, Lanes. ; son of John Daniel 
and Julia Christine Banks. Educated : Uppingham and Emmanuel College, 
Cambridge (B.A. and LL.D.). Profession : Solicitor. Recreation : Golf, 
Club : Liverpool Conservative. Note : Capt., 15th Cheshire Regt. (temporary). 

BANON, Awly Edward. 

49, Kingsley Road, Princes Park, Liverpool ; Irishtown, Ballynacargy. 
Co . Westmeath. Born : 1866, at Dublin ; son of Andrew Banon, J. P., of 
Irishtown, Co. Westmeath (died 1892). Educated : Clongowes (Matriculated 
R.U.I.). Recreation : Hunting, shooting, etc. Note : Interested in antiques 
and fine arts. 

BARBOUR, Edward, Chartered Accountant. 

" Rockville," St. Edmond's Road, Bootle. Office : Royal Insurance 
Buildings, 9, North John Street, Liverpool. Born : March 27th, 1877, 
at Liverpool ; third son of James and Annie Barbour, of Rockville, 
St. Edmond's Road, Bootle. Educated : Liverpool Institute. Profession : 
Chartered Accountant, A.C.A. Clubs : Bootle Reform ; Blundell Golf, 
Anisdale. 

BARDIN, Rev. William. 

40, Devonshire Road, Liverpool. Born : 1863, at Liverpool ; son of 
John and Catherine Bardin, of Ireland. Educated : St. Aidan's College, 
Birkenhead. Married : 1898, to Mary Easton Goode, daughter of Benjamin 



BIOGRAPHIES 27 



Tertius and Elizabeth Goode, and has issue one son : Wm. Easton. 
Publications : " Prayer Book Revision " (J. A. Thompson and Co.). Recreations : 
Cyding, lawn tennis, swimming. Note : Only son is in Sea Scout Patrol as 
leader on South Devon Coast. 

BARK, Geoffrey Mentor, M.A., LL.B., Solicitor. 

Council House, Birmingham, formerly of Leigh. Born : July 19th, 1882, 
at Birmingham ; youngest son of Ernest Onesimus Bark, M.R.C.S., and 
Alice Mary, daughter of John Locke Lovibond. Educated : King Edward's 
School, Birmingham; and Emmanuel College, Cambridge (B.A. 1904, LL.B. 
1905, M.A. 1909). Appointments: Assistant Solicitor to the Corporation of 
Birmingham; 2nd Lieut. 4th Batt. Royal Warwickshire Regt. Club: Old 
Edwardians. 

BARKBY, Rev, Joseph Thomas, Primitive Methodist Minister. 

Holmdale, Lathom Road, Southport, Born : December 31st, i86r, at 
Foleshill, Coventry ; son of Joseph and Elizabeth Heritage Barkby (both 
deceased). Educated : Burngreave Academy, Sheffield. Married : Sep- 
tember loth, 1890, to Maggie Ann, eldest daughter of Sir William and 
Lady Hartley, of Southport, and has issue three sons and one daughter : 
Har.ley, Arnold, Joseph Ewart, and Gladys. Profession : Primitive Methodist 
Minister. Appointments : Director of Elmfield College, York ; Primitive 
Methodist Chapel Aid Association ; Bourne Trust Association ; and Primitive 
Methodist Leader ; Secretary and Superintendent Elect of Primitive Methodist 
Missionary Society. Author : " The Christian Minister of the Twentieth 
Century." Travelled : France, Germany, Belgium, Italy. Switzerland, Greece, 
Egypt, Palestine, U.S.A., and Canada. Recreation : Golf. Note : Acted as 
" Officiating Clergyman " to His Majesty's Forces in Southport ; his eldest son, 
Hartley Barkby, is a 2nd Lieutenant in the ist East Lancashire R.F.A. 

BARKER, Major Robert Hewitt, Cotton Spinner and Manufacturer, 
Director. 

Thornhill, Todmorden. Born : December 24th, 1887, at Todmorden ; 
son of John and Jane Barker. Educated : Bedford Grammar School (left 1905). 
Occupation : Cotton Spinner and Manufacturer. Entered business of Luke 
Barker and Sons, Ltd., and became a Director in 1912. Recreation : Rugby 
football and music. Club : Constitutional, Manchester. Notes : In Cadet 
Corps, Bedford Grammar School; joined 2nd Volunteer Batt. Lancashire 
Fusiliers, March, 1907 ; Volunteered for active service at outbreak of 
war, and left England with 6th Lanes. Fusiliers (T.), September, 1914, for 
Egypt ; arrived at Gallipoh, May 5th, 1915 ; Battalion in action May 6th, and 
was with them until October, 1915, when invalided home; Gazetted Major, 
July 14th, 1916. 

BARLOW, Lieut. Clement Anderson Montague, M.P., M.A., LL.D., 
Barrister -at -Law. 

13, Wellington Street, Strand, W.C. Born : At Bristol ; second and 
only surviving son of Very Rev, W. H. Barlow, D.D., Dean of Peterborough. 
Educated : Repton School ; King's College, Cambridge (Exhibitioner of the 
College ; Second Class Classical Tripos ; First Law Tripos ; Senior, \\'hewell 
International Law Scholar and Yorke University Prizeman ; LL.D., M.A.). 
Profession : Barrister-at-Law of Middle Temple ; Partner in firm of Sotheby, 
Wilkinson, and Hodge. Appointments : Official Principal to the Archdeacons 
of London, St. Albans, and Hampstead ; M.P. for South Salford (Conservative) 
since December, 1910 ; formerly Member of London County Council and Vice- 



28 LANCASHIRE 



Chairman of Parliamentary Committee, 1907-1910 ; Hon. Secretary of Parlia- 
mentary Art Committee. Ptihlications : " Education Acts," 1898-1899 (three 
editions) ; " Law of Traction on the Highway " ; " Essays on Church Reform," 
etc. Recreations: Tennis, shooting, and golf. C/2<6s .• Carlton, National, Leander, 
and Rye Golf. Notes : Served for seven years in the Inns of Court Volunteers ; 
is Lieutenant in the National Reserve ; practised at the Bar for twelve years, 
mainly in educational and charity cases. Was also Lecturer in Commercial 
Law and Economics to the London School of Economics, and Reader in Law 
to the Law Society ; also Examiner in Law to London University ; was for 
nine years a member of the Council of the London Chamber of Commerce. 
He acquired an interest in the firm of Messrs. Sotheby, Wilkinson, and Hodge 
in the year 1909. 1914-15 raised the Salford Brigade, 2/5 Battalions. 

BARLOW, Sir John Emmott, Bart., Lord of the Manor of 
BradwaU. 

Torkington Lodge, Hazel Grove, Cheshire ; Bryn Eirias, Colwyn Bay, 
North Wales; BradwaU Hall, Cheshire. Born: 1857, ^^ Adswood, near 
Stockport, Cheshire ; eldest son of Thomas Barlow, J. P. (died 1897), of 
Torkington Lodge and BradwaU Hall, Cheshire, and Mary Ann, daughter of 
George Emmott, C.E., of Disley, Cheshire. Educated : Grove House, Totten- 
ham, and by private tuition ; also London University. Married : 1895, to 
the Hon. Anna M. H. Denman, sister of the third Baron Denman, and has 
issue two sons and two daughters. Lord of the Manor of BradwaU. Pro- 
fession : Barrister, Inner Temple, 1884 ; Partner in firms of Thomas Barlow 
and Brother, Merchants, of Manchester and London, and of Barlow and Co., 
Calcutta, Shanghai, Singapore, and Quala Lumpur, F.M.S. Appointments : 
J. P., Somerset and Cheshire; County Alderman, Cheshire; M.P. (L.), 
Somerset (Frome Division), 1892-1895, and from 1896. Clubs: Brooks's and 
Devonshire. 

BARNARD, Professor Francis Pierrepont, F.S.A. 

Bilsby House, Lincolnshire. Telegrams : Alford, Lines. Born : November 
27th, 1854, at Diss, Norfolk ; eldest son of Alfred Francis Barnard and Mary 
Girtin. Educated : St. Paul's School, London, 1864-1874 ; Pembroke College, 
Oxford, 1874-1877 ; M.A., 1880. Married: 1884, to Eliza, eldest daughter, 
and 1908, to IsabeUa, youngest daughter, of WiUiam PoUard, J. P., of St. 
Mary's Abbey, Windermere. Appointment : In the InteUigence Depart- 
ment for the present war (ex- Volunteer Officer). Author: "The Casting- 
Counter and the Counting-Board," Oxford (Clarendon Press, 1916) ; " Strong- 
bow's Conquest of Ireland," 1888 ; Editions of Shakespeare's " King John " and 
" Richard III.," 1897-1898 ; Editor and joint-author of " Companion to English 
History (Middle Ages)," Oxford (Clarendon Press, 1902), etc. Recreations: 
Walking, climbing, fishing, boating, shooting, collector of coins and of Early 
English School of water-colour paintings, and of books, etc. Career : Assistant 
Master at Reading School, 1878-1880 ; Head Master of Islington High School, 
London, 1880-1887 ; Head Master of Reading School. 1888-1894 ; Head 
Master (elect) of University CoUege School, London, 1898 ; Professor of 
Medieval Archaeology in the University of Liverpool, 1908-1915 ; Reader in 
same subject since 1915; Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries since 1897; 
Member of the CouncU of the Royal Archaeological Institute; Corresponding 
Member of the CouncU of the British Numismatic Society, and of Societe 
Archeologique de France. 

BARNES, Edwin, J.P. 

28, Chorley New Road, Horwich, Lanes. Born : January 2i5t, 1857, 
at Chorley, Lancashire ; eldest son of the late Joseph Barnes, of Chorley, 



BIOGRAPHIES 29 



Lanes. Educated : Private School. Married : September 25th, 1879, at 
Hollinshead Street Congregational Church, to Catherine Read, eldest daughter 
of the late James and Elizabeth Read, Chorley, and has issue one son : Thomas 
Barnes. Occupation : Corn and Flour Merchant. Appointments : J. P. for 
Lanes., 1908. Recreation : Motoring. Club : Horwich Reform Club. Note : 
His son, Private Thomas Barnes, is in the Army Ordnance Corps. 

BARNES, Ernest Wykeham, L.R.C.P.(L), L.F.P.S.(G.), L.M., 
Physician and Surgeon. 

Store Street, London, W.C. ; and 45, Kensington, Liverpool. Born : 
July 6th, 1862, at Liverpool ; eldest son of James Hindmarsh Barnes, Surgeon, 
late of Liverpool, and Elizabeth, eldest daughter of William Hayward, of Bath, 
Somerset (both deceased). Educated : Liverpool Institute and Liverpool 
University School of Medicine. Married : December 26th, 1884, at Lower 
Bebington Church, Cheshire, to Marion, eldest daughter of the late Capt. 
Cockton, of Cumberland, and Frances, daughter of John Dodgson, of Work- 
ington, Cumberland, and has issue one son and two daughters : Harold 
Wykeham, born December 25th, 1890 ; Phyllis Marion, born April 14th. 1887 ; 
Doris Alder, born April 19th, 1892. Profession : Physician and Surgeon. 
Appointments : Medical Officer, No. 2 District, Liverpool Union ; Surgeon- 
Lieut.-Col., R.A.M.C. (T.F.), attached 9th Batt., King's (Liverpool) Regt. ; 
Volunteer — long service medal (1906) ; Officers' Territorial Decoration (1908) ; 
Hon. Medical Officer, Liverpool Boys' Brigade ; Member of the British Medical 
Association ; practising in London and Liverpool since 1884. Travelled : 
Scotland, Ireland, Belgium, and France. Note : Family connected with the 
medical profession for several consecutive generations. 

BARNES, Rev. Joseph, Rector of Failsworth. 

Failsworth Rectory, Manchester. Born : January 22nd, 1839, at Don- 
nington, Lincolnshire ; son of Joseph and Ann Barnes. Educated : Don- 
nington Grammar School and St. Bees College. Married : July 8th, i860, 
to Julia Fisher, daughter of Marshall and Sarah Fisher. Profession : Rector 
of Failsworth ; appointed July, 1872. 

BARNES, Joseph, Town Councillor. 

88, Bank Street, Rawtenstall. Born : April 2nd, 1869, at Rawtenstall ; 
son of Joseph and Margaret Barnes, of Rawtenstall (father was an operative 
cotton spinner). Educated : Elementary School. Married : Thrice — (i), 
1888, to Sarah Ann Greenough ; (2), in 1899, to Jane Ellen Peel ; (3), in 
1902, to Mary Jane Rushton, and has issue three daughters by first wife : 
Annie, born April, 1889 ; Mary, born November, 1890 ; Nellie, born March, 
1892 ; and one son by third wife : Joseph Rushton. Travelled : Through 
Belgium and Germany. Recreation : Cycling. Club : Socialist. Note : 
Member of Rawtenstall Town Council. 

BARNES, Matthew Herbert. 

10, Longton Road, Pendleton, Manchester. Born : 1872, at Accrington, 
Lanes. ; second son of Matthew and Hannah Barnes. Educated : New 
College, Isleworth, London. Married : 1899, to Jeanie Muir, daughter of 
Councillor John Muir, J. P., and has issue one son and two daughters : 
Herbert Muir, Dora Elizabeth, and Mary Home Barnes. Profession : 
Physics Master, Secondary School, Technical Inst., Peel Park, Salford. 
Recreations : Golf, fishing. Clubs : Claremont, Manchester. Career : 
Trained and educated at New College, Isleworth, London ; Owens College, 
Manchester. Evening Lecturer on Electrical Engineering at Royal Technical 
Institute, Salford. Science Master, Secondary School, Salford. 



30 LANCASHIRE 



BARNIKEL, John Frederick, Associate of British Association. 

412, Corn Exchange, Manchester ; East Meade, Chorlton-cum-Hardy. 
Born : May 13th, i860, at Manchester ; son of John Frederick Barnikel 
and Susannah PhiUips. Educated : Church of England Schools. Appoint- 
fnents : Associate of the British Association ; Member of the Manchester 
Astronomical Society. Travelled : Considerably in Europe. Recreations : 
Boxing and football (Rugby). Career: Studied Phonography under Henry 
Pitman at the old Mechanics' Institution ; Advanced Phonography under 
Lander at the Y.M.C.A. ; German under Francke, at the Lower Mosley Street 
Schools ; Chemistry under Taylor, at the Central Grade ; Astronomy under 
Jenkins, at the Technical School, Commenced commercial career as a 
telegraph clerk at the Bridgewater Navigation Company (now absorbed 
by the Manchester Ship Canal Co.), on August 31st, 1874, then transferred 
to the Cashiers' Office, afterwards to departments dealing with canal and 
overseas traffic, and left this Company after ten years' service to go into 
the Chemical and Mineral Trade, in which business has now been for thirty- 
two years. Member of the Manchester Royal and Produce Exchanges and a 
member of the Executive Committee of the Produce Section of the Manchester 
Chamber of Commerce. Actively engaged in politics until a few years ago, 
and was Honorary Secretary and then Chairman of the Cheetham and High- 
town Conservative Associations for a period of twenty-five years. 

BARNISH, Leonard, M.A., A.R.LB.A. 

Messrs. Grayson and Barnish, Architects, 606, Royal Liver Buildings, 
Liverpool. 'Phone : Bank 3425. Born : 1884, at Wigan ; third son of Dr. 
Barnish. Educated : Associate of Royal Institute of British Architects ; 
Diploma, Town Planning School of Liverpool University. Recreation : Golf. 
Clubs : Prenton Golf Club and Hesketh Golf Club. Note : 2nd Lieut. 
Liverpool Scottish ; on active service in Flanders. Became Partner with 
HastweU Grayson, M.A., F.R.I.B.A., in 1914. 

BARR, Sir James, Kt., M.D. (Glasgow), LL.D. (Liverpool), L.R.C.S., 
F.R.C.P. (London), F.R.S.E. 

72, Rodney Street, Liverpool. Born : September 25th, 1849, ^^ Co. 
Deny, Ireland ; eldest son of Samuel Barr, J. P., of County Tyrone, and 
Elizabeth, second daughter of Joseph Townley, of Ballykelly, County Derry. 
Educated : Londonderry and Glasgow, Married : July 12th, 1882, to Isabella 
Maria, second daughter of J. WooUey, of Liverpool, and Isabella, daughter 
of William Henderson, of Justice Town, and has issue one son and one daughter : 
Samuel Tudor, born May 2nd, 1883; and Vera Evelyn (wife of Captain 
Edward Astley Rush ton), born July 8th, 1887. Profession : Physician. 
Appointments : Consulting Physician to the Liverpool Royal Infirmary ; Vice- 
President, British Medical Association (President, 1912-13) ; Medical Visitor, 
Tuebrook Asylum ; Visiting Physician, Haydock Lodge Asylum ; County 
Director for Voluntary Aid, West Lancashire Territorial Forces ; Lieut. -Col., 
First Western General Hospital (R.A.M.C). Author : Numerous medical works. 
Travelled : Europe, North and South America. Recreations : Mountain 
climbing and fishing. Clubs : Conservative, Athenaeum, Medical Institution, 
Liverpool. Note : He also held the appointments of Physician to the 
Northern and Stanley Hospitals, Liverpool. Formerly President and 
Treasurer of the Liverpool Medical Institution ; President of the Lancashire 
and Cheshire Branch of the British Medical Association ; Bradshaw Lecturer, 
Royal College of Physicians, 1907 (delivered the address on Medicine, Toronto, 
1906). Address on Preventive Medicine, the Medicine of the Future, 
Montreal, 1911. 



BIOGRAPHIES 31 



BARR, Capt. John, M.B., J.P., Physician and Consulting Surgeon. 

Willow Grange, Rishton, Lancashire. 'Phone: 17, Gt. Harwood. Telegrams: 
Barr, Rishton. Born : At Binn, Co. Derry, Ireland ; third son of Samuel 
Barr, J. P., of Binn, Co. Derry, and Clermont, Co. Tyrone, and Elizabeth, 
youngest daughter of Joseph Towneley, of Termacoy, Co. Derry. Educated : 
Mall Wall School, Londonderry, and Glasgow University, M.B., CM. Married : 
December 28th, 1875, to Minnie, only daughter 01 George Henson- Appleby, 
of Scarborough, and Marion, eldest daughter of George Hewson, of Scarborough 
and Hull, and has issue one son and three daughters : Vivian Towneley, bom 
November 6th, 1876 ; Nora Ehzabeth, Kathleen, and Dorothy Errington. 
Profession : Physician and Consulting Surgeon. Appointments : J. P. for 
County Palatine of Lancaster, 1893. Travelled : France. Belgium, Holland, 
Canada, and U.S.A., etc. Recreation : Photography. Club : Camera. 
Notes : Member, British Medical Association ; Member, General Council 
University of Glasgow ; Past President, Lanes, and Cheshire Photographic 
Union ; Medical OfBcer of Health, Rishton ; Certifying Factory Surgeon ; 
Consulting Surgeon, Victoria Hospital, Accrington. Captain in the 5th East 
Lanes. Regt., N.R. Batt. ; also Chief Surgeon on Staff of North East Lanes. 
(Volunteer) Regt. Member of Grand Council of Lanes. Volunteer Regts. 
Collector of antique furniture, china, pewter, plate, etc. 

BARRETT, Henry Augustus Scott. 

Linden, Blundellsands, Liverpool. 'Phone: No. 91 Crosby. Born: 1875, 
at Crosby ; eldest son of Sir William Scott Barrett, of Abbotsgate, Blundell- 
sands, D.L., J. P. Educated: Aldenham, Herts. Married: 1903, to Evelyn 
Mary Vickers, daughter of Arthur Vickers (deceased), and has issue two sons 
and two daughters : John, Colin, Ruth, and Naomi. Occupation: Ironmaster. 
Appointments : J. P., Lanes., 1909. Recreations: Golf, motoring, and shooting. 
Cbibs : West Lancashire and Formby Golf Clubs. Masonic Lodge No. : 
Blundellsands, 2289. Note : His youngest brother, Lieut. Hugh Scott 
Barrett, is in the 6th Liverpool Rifles (T.R.). 

BARRETT, Sir William Scott (Knighted 1913), J.P., D.L., C.A. 

Abbotsgate, Blundellsands, Lancashire. Born : 1843, at Leeds ; son of 
the late J. C. Barrett, of Leeds. Educated : Leeds Grammar School and 
Liverpool College. Married : 1869, to Julia L., youngest daughter of the late 
Rev. A. A. Colvile, of Livermere, Suffolk, and has issue five sons and four 
daughters. Occupation : Colliery Owner and Ironmaster. Appointments : 
J.P., D.L.. and C.A. for Lanes. ; Chairman of the Quarter Sessions ; Chairman 
of the County Council. Club : Liverpool Junior Reform. Constable of 
Lancaster Castle. 

BARSLEY, Rev. Robert Henry, M.A. 

The Parsonage, West Derby, Liverpool. Born : 1870, Liverpool ; son 
of William Henry and Annie Elizabeth, of Castlerigg. Prenton, Cheshire. 
Educated : Liv^erpool Institute School ; Oxford, Wadham College, M.A. 
Married : At Oxton Parish Church, to Louisa Harriett Dodds, daughter of 
Thomas Liddell and Jane Widdowfield Roxby, and has issue two daughters 
(one living): Florence Edith Louise, born December 4th, 1905. Appointments : 
Clerk in Holy Orders ; Curate in charge of the Church of The Good Shepherd, 
West Derby. Travelled : France Emd Switzerland. Recreations : Music, 
tennis, billiards, chess, etc. Notes : Curate, Seaforth Parish Church, 1901- 
1906 ; Edgbaston Parish Church, 1906-19 10. 



32 LANCASHIRE 



BARTLETT, Rev. Frederic Arthur, M.A. (Oxon.), Vicar of Great 
Crosby. 

The Vicarage, Great Crosby. Born : September 22nd, 1850, at Abingdon, 
Berks. ; son of Alfred Durling and Ellen Bartlett, of Abingdon. Educated : 
Abingdon School and Pembroke College, Oxford. Married : January 
2ist, 1891, at Dolgelly Parish Church, Frances Mary, daughter of 
Alfred and Frances Edmondson, of Blundellsands, Lancashire, and has 
issue two sons : Arthur Edmondson, born November 21st, 1891, and 
Alfred Gordon, born September 12th, 1895. Profess ian : Vicar of Great 
Crosby, Lancashire. Travelled : Continent, Cape Colony, and Newfoundland. 
Recreations : Cycling and photography. Club : Liverpool Athenaeum. 

BARTLETT, John Adams, M.A. (Oxon), Solicitor, Commissioner 

of Oaths, and Notary. 

32, Parkfield Road. Office : 30, North John Street, Liverpool. Born : 
March 14th, 1868, at Liverpool ; son of William Bartlett, of St. Clare House, 
Sandfield Park, West Derby, Liverpool, and Mary, second daughter of James 
Johnson, of Higherfield, West Derby. Educated : Uppingham and Oxford. 
Married : April 21st, 1903, at St. Margaret's, Princes Road, to Ellen 
Violet Murray, only daughter of the Rev. William Mayor, of Shotton, 
Durham, and Ellen, daughter of George Murray, of Chester-le-Street, and has 
issue four sons and two daughters : Ursula Dorothy, born June 5th, 
1904 ; John Adams, born October 3rd, 1905 ; Francis William, born January 
2ist, 1909 ; Geoffrey Thomas, born April 22nd, 191Q ; Nicholas Murray, born 
December 26th, 191 1 ; Ellen Mary, born August 24th, 1914. Profession : 
Solicitor, Commissioner of Oaths, and Notary Public, practising in Liver- 
pool ; Director of the local branch of the Alliance Assurance Co. London 
Agents : Messrs. Rawle, Johnson and Co., Bedford Row, W.C. Clubs : 
Athenaeum and Conservative. 

BARTLETT, William, Alderman, C.C. 

St. Clare House, West Derby, Liverpool. Born : November 20th, 1837, 
at Liverpool ; second son of the late John Adams Bartlett, of Liverpool, 
Shipowner, and Mary, only daughter of William Woods, of Liverpool. 
Educated : Liverpool Collegiate Institution. Married : June 6th, 1865, ^^ the 
Parish Church of West Derby, Mary, second daughter of the late James Johnson, 
of Higherfield, West Derby, Lancashire, and Mary, younger daughter of 
Francis Shaw, of Knowsley, and has issue two sons and six daughters : John 
Adams, born March 14th, 1868 (M.A., Oxford) ; Godfrey Thomas, born 
February 7th, 1880 (B.A., Liverpool University and A.M.LC.E.) ; Mary 
Beatrice, Alice Maud, Gertrude Elizabeth, Evelyn Dorothy, Winifred Margaret, 
and Elinor Cicely. Appointments : Councillor of the City of Liverpool, 1885 ; 
Alderman since 1895 ; Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee of the City 
Council ; Member of the Council of the University of Liverpool ; Member of 
the Executive Committee of Liverpool Cathedral ; Trustee of the Blue 
Coat Hospital; on Committee of the Royal Infirmary; President of the 
Incorporated Law Society of Liverpool, 1878-1879. Clubs: Constitutional, 
Conservative (Liverpool), Athenaeum (Liverpool). Notes : Captain in 8th 
Lancashire Artillery Volunteer Corps, 1861-1870. Through the marriage, 
in 1758, of his great grandfather, Jacob Bartlett, of Westhill House, St. 
Mary Church, Devon, to Miss Mary Salter, the daughter of the Vicar of that 
parish. Aid. W. Bartlett inherited a Royal descent from King Edward i. 
and Queen Eleanor, which descent is duly recorded at Herald's College. 



BIOGRAPHIES 33 



BARTON, Thomas, J.P., Overseer of Poor, Mineral Water 
Manufacturer, Governing Director. 

Westholme, Ash Street, Southport. Born : April, 1840 ; son of William 
and Elizabeth Barton, of Orrell. Educated : Self. Married : 1865, to 
Alice, daughter of William and Margaret Atherton, of Ince, and has issue one 
daughter. Occupation : Mineral Water Manufacturer ; Governing Director 
of Thomas Barton, Ltd. Appointments : J. P. for Lanes. County, appointed 
1895 ; seventeen years Member of Ince Council, retiring 1897 ; fourteen 
years Overseer of Poor for Ince in Makerfield. Travelled : Europe, United 
States, and Canada. Notes : Started work at seven years of age in coal mine. 
In business on own account, 1869. In 1906 the business of-Thomas Barton 
was registered as a Limited Liability Company. All the adult workmen were 
given Ordinary Shares in the Company ; one of the men being appointed a 
Director of the Company. This has proved a successful profit-sharing scheme. 
Has property in Southport, Ince, and Wigan. 

BARTON, William Bright, Curator, Preston Art Gallery, etc. 

Glengorse, New Longton, near Preston. Office : Harris Free Public Library, 
Preston. Born : October i6th, 1849, at Bradford-on-Avon ; youngest son 
of William and EHzabeth Barton (nee Bright), both of whom died at Calne, in 
Wiltshire, 1872-1873. Educated : Bradford-on-Avon and National Art 
Training School (now the Royal College of Art, London). Married : 1887, to 
Caroline, youngest daughter of the Rev. T. Evans, of Carmarthen, and has 
issue one son: Walter Jermy Bright Barton (Lieut., R.N.). Occupation: 
Director for Art and Curator of the Preston Municipal Art Gallery and 
Museum (incorporated with the Harris Free Public Library). Travelled: 
France, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, and other countries of Europe. 

BASKERVILLE, Joseph, Town Councillor. 

188, Birchfield Road, Widnes, and Liberal Club, Widnes. Born : October 
nth, 1883, at Sandbach, in Cheshire ; son of Peter and Margaret Baskerville, 
of Sandbach, Cheshire. Educated : Wesleyan School and Old Granmiar 
School, Sandbach, Married : January 8th, 1907, at United Methodist Church, 
Elworth, to Annie Gertrude, daughter of Thomas (Farmer) and Emma Arden, 
of Elworth, near Sandbach, Cheshire, and has issue two sons : Reginald, 
born November 24th, 1907, and Arthur Lyulph, born September 30th, 1911. 
Occupation : Town Councillor and Liberal Agent. Recreations : Walking, 
gardening, and cycling. Club : Liberal Club, Widnes. Notes : At fourteen, 
was apprenticed to Messrs. Foden, Ltd., Engineers, of Sandbach, served 
seven years apprenticeship in the various departments of their works ; remained 
with them until November, 1909 ; coming then to Widnes, Lanes., to take up 
the position of Liberal Agent for that Division, which position he still holds. 
Nonconformist in matters of rehgion, local preacher, Sunday school teacher, 
and holds various offices in the Church. Always keenly interested in matters 
political. Youngest member of the Widnes Town Council. Speaker upon 
political matters and other subjects. Elected a member of the Widnes Town 
Council in August, 191 2, to fill a casual vacancy ; was returned unopposed, 
and re-elected in November of the same year, also unopposed. Member of 
the Gas and Water, Finance, Health, and Library Committees. 

BATCH AN, Rev. Patrick King, M.A., Congregational Minister. 

33, Chfton Road, Heaton Moor, Manchester. Thone : 163, Heaton Moor. 
Born : January 15th, 1861, at Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire ; son of John 
Stuart Batchan and Jane King. Educated : Fraserburgh Academy, Aberdeen 
University (M.A.) ; Airedale Theological College, Bradford, Yorks. ; Giessen 



34 LANCASHIRE 



University, under Hamack and Stade. Married : July 24th, 1895, to Edith, 
daughter of Arthur and Naomi Young, and has issue one surviving daughter, 
Jean Naomi. Profession : Congregational Minister, Heaton Moor. Recrea- 
tion : In younger days cricket, now golf. 

BATES, Alfred, Solicitor. 

28, Regent Road, Morecambe. Educated : Heversham Grammar School. 
Profession : SoUcitor. Notes : Entered the service of Mr. Geo. Gatey, of 
Ambleside, a well-known solicitor, as County Court and Local Board Clerk ; 
at twenty-one years of age was managing clerk, with full charge of office. 
Subsequently went to Messrs. Wright, Williams and Wright, of Leicester, as 
confidential clerk to Mr. Williams, the conveyancing partner. Served his 
articles with Messrs. Talbot and Rheam, Solicitors, of Milnthorpe, and sat as 
clerk to magistrates of the Milnthorpe Division of South Westmorland. Com- 
menced practice in Regent Road, Morecambe, at the beginning of 1899 ; was 
appointed Clerk to the Heysham District Council on July 4th, 1899. 

BATES, Lady Constance E. 

Beechenhurst, Allerton, Liverpool ; Gym Castle, Llanasa, FUntshire. 
Second daughter of the late S. R. Graves. Married : 1876, to Sir Edward 
Percy Bates, Second Bart., D.L., J. P. (died 1899), and has issue seven sons: 
Edward Bertram, Third Bart, (died 1903), Percy Elly, Fourth Bart., Cecil 
Robert, Frederic Alan, Denis Haughton, Austin Graves, Maurice HaUfax. 
Note : Has six sons serving in H.M. Forces : Major C. R. Bates, R.F.A. ; 
Lieut. F. A. Bates, W.B.M.B. ; Capt. D. H. Bates, D.L.O.Y. ; Capt. A. G. 
Bates, R.F.A. ; and M. H. Bates, Woolwich Cadet, U.O. 

BATES, Edgar, Collector of H.M. Customs (Liverpool). 

The Retreat, Granville Road, Birkdale. Born : April 20th, 1858 ; son 
of Joseph Bates, of Stevenage. Educated : Stevenage Grammar School 
and London University. Profession : Collector of H.M. Customs, Liverpool, 
since 1907, having previously served as Collector at Glasgow, Bristol, 
Southampton, Newhaven, and Great Yarmouth. Recreation : Golf. Note : 
Brother of the late Harry Bates, A.R.A., Sculptor. 

BATES, Pastor Thomas Wallworth, Wesleyan Minister. 

The Laurels, Navigation Road, Altrincham, Manchester. Born : June 
6th, 1858, at Droylsden, near Manchester, son of Joseph and Elizabeth Bates. 
Educated : Moravian Boys' School, Fairfield, near Manchester ; Bruce Castle 
School, Tottenham ; and Owens College, Manchester. Profession : Lay Pastor, 
Broadheath Wesleyan Church. Recreation : Reading and country walks. 

BATESON, Harold Dingwall, M.A., J.P., Solicitor and Notary Public. 

14, Castle Street, Liverpool. Born : At Liverpool ; eldest son of WiUiam 
G. Bateson, Solicitor, of Liverpool, and Agnes Dingwall, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Blaikie, of Kingseat, Aberdeen. Educated : Rugby and Oxford 
University. Profession : Solicitor and Notary PubUc. Appointments : 
President, Incorporated Law Society of Liverpool, 1901-1902 ; J. P., 1903 ; 
Chairman of Council, Liverpool Chamber of Commerce, 1912-1913. Club : 
Liverpool Athenaeum. Note : Is one of the few surviving Freemen of the 
City of Liverpool. A partner in the firm of Bateson, Warr and Winshurst. 
(London Agents : Field, Roscoe and Co., 36, Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C.) 



BIOGRAPHIES 35 



BATTY, Lieut. John Shepherd, Accountant. 

15, Alexandra Road, Southport. Born : At Southport, son of J. Rajmer 
Batty, J. P., and S. Batty. Educated: Leys School, Cambridge. Occupation: 
Articled to Chartered Accountant. Note: Is a Lieut., 3rd East Lancashire 
Royal Field Artillery (T.). 1 '^ "^ SO SH 

BATTY, Robert Bradshaw, Solicitor, Commissioner of Oaths, Hon. 
Secretary, U.K.A. 

" Hillside," Buxton. Office : 2, Booth Street, Manchester. Agents : 
Pritchard, Englefield and Co., Painter's Hall, Little Trinity Lane, London, 
E.C. Born : July ist, 1862, at Manchester ; fifth son of the late Alderman 
William Batty, J. P., Mayor of Manchester, 1888-1889, and Annie Finch, only 
daughter of the late John Bradshaw. Educated : Privately. Married : 
Heaton Mersey, May 22nd, 1890, to Amelia Mary, second daughter of T. H. 
Rigby, of Manchester, and Maria, only daughter of the Rev. W. Strawe, of 
Manchester, and has issue one son : Lawrence Bradshaw, born May r3th, 
1897. Profession : Solicitor. Appointments : Honorary Secretary of the 
United Kingdom Alliance ; Chairman, Manchester, Salford, and District 
Temperance Union ; Honorary Solicitor to Temperance Organizations ; 
Licensing Expert, etc. Author : Numerous pamphlets on the Liquor Question 
and a novel, " At Close Quarters." Travelled : Throughout the world. 
Recreation : Literature. Club : Manchester Reform. 

BATTY, Lieut. William Rayner, Diamond Merchant. 

15, Alexandra Road, Southport ; and c/o Penlington and Batty, 2-3, 
St. George's Crescent, Liverpool. Telegrams : " Diamonds." 'Phone : 4411 
Bank. Born: Southport; son of J. Rayner Batty, J. P., and S. Batty. 
Educated : Leys School, Cambridge. Occupation : Diamond Merchant. 
Note : Lieut., i6th Batt. Cheshire Regt. ; on active service abroad. 

BATTY, Lieut. William Reginald, M.A. (Camb.), Solicitor. 

73, South Drive, Chorltonville, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester. Born : 
February 15th, 1891, at Chorlton-cum-Hardy ; son of William Dent and 
Amelia Ellen Batty ; grandson of Wm. Batty, J. P., Mayor, Manchester, 
1888-1889. Educated : Epworth College, Rhyl ; The Leys, Cambridge ; 
Jesus College, Cambridge. Profession : Lawyer (joined Army immediately 
after passing his last Examination, December, 1914). Recreations : Rowing : 
stroked his boat, Jesus College, two years, making four bumps each year, 
gaining eight places ; Lacrosse : half blue, beating Oxford each year. Clt4b : 
Chorlton-cum-Hardy Golf and Lacrosse. Note : Lieut., 13th Manchesters ; 
three months in France ; November 5th, 1915, landed Salonica. 

BAWTREE, Rev. Stanley R., Congregational Minister. 

Portland Street, Southport. Born : February 17th, 1870. at London ; 
youngest son of James Bawtree and Jennet Maria Rogers, late of Sutton, 
Surrey (both deceased). Educated : Private school ; City of London College 
and New College (London University). Married : April, 1910, to Mary Agnes 
Josephine Kleiter, daughter of Ulrich Kleiter, of Bucharest, and Agnes Collins, 
of Darley Dale, Derbyshire, and has issue one son and one daughter : 
Bernard Stanley, born 1914, and Josephine Mary, born 191 1. Appointments : 
Congregational Minister at Tiptree, Essex, 1900-1906, and at Portland Street, 
Southport, from September, 1906 ; President of Coggeshall and District 
Free Church Council, 1904 ; President of Southport and District Association 
of Congregational Churches, 1912. Recreation : Tramping, mountaineering, 
chess, music. Notes : Before entering the Congregational Ministr>' was 



36 LANCASHIRE 



for over twelve years in business in the city of London, being for some time in 
Union Bank of London, and the last four and a half years, 1892-1896, with 
Messrs. Ralli Bros., of London, Manchester, Calcutta, and New York. 

BAXENDELL, Eustace Milner, M.A. (Oxon). 

25, Westcliffe Road, Birkdale, Lanes. Born : June i6th, 1877, at Salford, 
son of Walter Baxendell, of 11, Westcliffe Road, Birkdale, and Annette, 
daughter of Ralph Milner, M.B., of Salford. Educated : Merchant Taylors' 
School, Crosby ; Magdalen College, Oxford ; and Student of the Inner 
Temple. Married: April 24th, 1901, to Margaret Neill, eldest daughter 
of John James Holden, of 73, Albert Road, Southport, and Margaret, daughter 
of Robert Neill, of Manchester, and has issue one son and two daughters : 
Robert Holden, born 1902 ; Joan, born 1904 ; Muriel Gladys, born 1905. 
Travelled : Europe, Palestine, Egypt, North Africa, and the East. Notes : 
Partner in the firm of Robert Baxendell and Son, Flour Millers, Bee Mills, 
Sandhills Lane, Liverpool. 

BAXTER, Ernest, Copper Smelter and Alkali Manufacturer. 

Rainhill, Lancashire. Born : February 9th, 1861, at " Sutton Place," 
St. Helens, Lanes. ; eldest son of Henry and Sarah A. Baxter. Educated : 
Eton College. Married : September i6th, 1886, to Madeleine Frances, 
daughter of the Rev. Riou G. and Mary Benson, and has issue three sons 
and three daughters : Ernest Henry (Capt. 2nd Batt., 5th Fusiliers) ; Francis 
Riou (Lieut., Royal Navy) ; Ralph Philip (2nd Lieut., Royal Field 
Artillery) ; Madeleine Riva, Lydia Mary, and Lucy Pamela. Recreation : 
Shooting. Club : Palatine, Liverpool. Occupation : Copper Smelter and Alkali 
Manufacturer. For some years a Director of the United Alkali Co., Ltd., 
now retired. 

BEARD, Gilbert, Merchant and Manufacturer. 

Wayside, Ashley Heath, Hale, Cheshire. Born : November 9th, 1868, 
at Manchester ; son of James Rait Beard and Mary, his wife. Educated : 
Chfton College. Married : January i8th, 1901, to Hilda Margaret, daughter of 
Henry and Isobel Rawlins, of Grove Park, Liverpool, and has issue two 
sons and one daughter : James Denis Rawlins, Harry Rawlins, and Isobel 
Rawlins. Occupation : Merchant and Manufacturer. Appointment : Chair- 
man of Committee of Soldiers' and Sailors' Families' Association, in con- 
nection with the War Relief Funds. Recreations : Golf and cycling. Club : 
Reform, Manchester. Career : Member of the firm of Beard, Agate and Co., 
merchants and manufacturers, since 1893 ; has been interested in various 
social and philanthropic works, such as the Collyhurst Lads' Club, WiUert 
Street Recreation Rooms ; is on the Committee of the Cavendish Society in 
Manchester, and of the Belgian Refugees Committee in Manchester. 

BEARDMORE, Charles Edward, Works Engineer, Vickers, Ltd. 

Burlington House, Abbey Road, Barrow-in-Furness. Born : October 
13th, 1875, at Bothwell, N.B. ; son of Isaac and Mary Beardmore (nee 
Thomson). Married : April 7th, 1915, to Irene Louise, daughter of John 
and Harriet Jane Clegg (nee Rumsey). Occupation : Works Engineer, 
Vickers, Ltd., Barrow-in-Furness. Recreations : Motoring and sailing. 

BEARDOE-GRUNDY, James B., J.P., Deputy -Chairman, Lanes. 
Quarter Sessions. 

Stockton Range, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester. Born : October 
28th, 1846, at Lees ; youngest son of the late Rev. George Docker Grundy, 



BIOGRAPHIES 37 



M.A, (Oxon), Vicar of St. John's, Lees, Lanes., maternal grandson of 
James Beardoe, of Manchester, whose name he adopted in 1867. Educated : 
The Tower School, Liscard, Cheshire. Married : August 26th, 1869, to 
Mary Jane, daughter of the late Robert Eastwood, of Meltham, Yorks, and has 
issue one son and two daughters : Percy, Ethel, and Lilian. Appointments : 
A member of the Standing Joint Committee for Police and other purposes for 
the County Palatine ; on the Commission of the Peace for the County of 
Lanes. (1888) ; Chairman of Ashton-under-Lyne County Petty Sessional 
Division, including Denton ; sitting also at Manchester County Petty Sessional 
Division ; Acting Deputy Chairman at the Lancashire Quarter Sessions, held 
at the Assize Courts, Manchester. Career : In 1876 he was a Trustee of 
the Manchester, Oldham, etc. Turnpike Roads, and remained upon the 
Board until the termination of the Trust. He has frequently been Arbi- 
trator in cases of dispute. He was Mayor of the ancient manor of Ashton- 
under-Lyne in 1884-1885 ; and was the first member for Lees Division upon 
the establishment of the Lancashire County Council. Also a member of the 
Oldham Incorporated Chamber of Commerce from its inception until a year 
or two ago. For sixteen years he was a member of the Visiting Committee 
of Justices to His Majesty's Prison, Manchester, and for three years its 
Chairman (1888-1899 and 1908). He is an Assessor under Clergy Discipline 
Act, 1892, and Vice-Chairman of the Board of Governors of Fylde Farm 
School (Reformatory). 

BEAUFORD, John Salmon, J.P. 

The Warrens, Formby, Lanes. Telegrams : Beauford, Formby. 'Phone : 
3 Formby. Born : 1846, at Bletsoe ; third son of Henry Williams Beauford, 
J. P., of Sudborough, Northants. Educated : Bedford Modem. Married : 
1887, to Emily Charlotte, daughter of Lieut. -Col. Ricketts, of Bath. Occu- 
pation : Metal Broker. Appointment : J.P., 1898, Lanes. Recreation : 
Golf ; one of the founders of the Formby Golf Club, and twice Captain. 
Clubs : Palatine, Liverpool, and Union, London. Masonic Lodge No. : 32 ; 
P.M. and P.P.G.W., West Lancashire. 

BEAVERBROOK, Lord (formerly Colonel Sir Max Aitken, M.P.). 

Cherkley, Leatherhead, Surrey ('Phone : 45, Leatherhead) ; 3, Lombard 
Street, London, E.C. ('Phone: 7150 Avenue). Born: May 25th. 1879; 
third son of the late Rev. William Aitken, Scotch Minister at New 
Brunswick, Canada, and liis wife, Jean Noble, of Vaughan, Canada Edu- 
cated : Public School, New Brunswick, Canada. Married : 1906, to Gladys, 
third daughter of the late General C. W. Drury, C.B., and has issue two 
sons and one daughter. Occupation : In business at Halifax. Canada, until 
1907, and Montreal until 1910, as merchant ; Chairman, Colonial Bank ; 
Director of various companies; M.P. for Ashton-under-Lyne since 1911. 
Clubs: Marlborough, Carlton; Halifax. Halifax; St. James'. Montreal: 
Toronto, Toronto. 

BEAZLEY, James Henry, Director, Gunard SS. Co., Member Mersey 
Docks and Harbour Board. 

Oak Dene, Noctorum, Cheshire. Born : At New Brighton ; son of 
James Beazley, J.P. Educated : Cheltenham College. Appointments : 
Director of Cunard Steamship Co., Ltd. ; Union Marine Insurance Co., and 
Sadt Union, Ltd. ; Member of Mersey Docks and Harbour Board, and of 
Lloyds Register Committee. Note : Recruiting Agent for Parish of 
Noctomm. 



38 LANCASHIRE 



BEHRENS, Sir Charles, J.P., Director, Manchester Ship Canal, 
Company Director. 

Holm-acre, Altrincham, Cheshire, and 36, Princess Street, Manchester. 
Born : Bradford, Yorkshire ; son of Sir Jacob and Lady Behrens, of Springfield 
House, Bradford, Yorks. Educated : Bradford Grammar and High Schools. 
Married : April nth, 1883, at Holywell Green Church, to Emily Milnes, only 
daughter of Samuel Shaw, J. P., of Brooklands, near Halifax, and has issue 
three daughters : Emily Doris, bom March nth, 1884 ; Alice Muriel, born 
April 23rd, 1885 ; Norah Clare, born December 30th, 1886. Appointments : 
Deputy Chairman of Union Bank of Manchester, Ltd. ; Local Director of 
Ocean Accident Insurance Co. and Commercial Union Assurance Co. ; 
Director of Manchester Ship Canal Co. ; Lord Mayor of Manchester, 1909-1910 
and 1910-1911 ; Governor of Manchester Grammar School ; Member of Court 
of Victoria Univ. of Manchester ; Partner in the firm of Sir Jacob Behrens and 
Sons, of Manchester, Bradford, Glasgow, London, and Calcutta; Governor 
of Manchester Royal Infirmary ; Treasurer of Hospital for Consumption ; 
Chairman of King Edward Foundation in Manchester, etc. ; Member of 
Councils of R.S.P.C.A. and N.S.P.C.C. (London). Travelled: Practically 
everywhere. Recreatiofis : Golf, etc. Clubs : Reform and Clarendon, 
Manchester ; Reform, Pall Mall, London, S.W. 

BEHRENS, Lieut.-Col. E. Alfred. 

The Cedars, Bowdon, Cheshire. Born : 1853, at Manchester ; second son 
of the late Louis and Emily Behrens. Educated : Owens College and Victoria 
University, Manchester. Married : December, 1883, to Florence Falk, 
daughter of the late Phihp Falk, of 23, Kensington Palace Gardens, 
London, W. Appointments : Chairman of the Altrincham (Cheshire) 
Orchestral Society, and also other public appointments. Recreation : Golf. 
Clubs : Various. Note : Previously in the 4th Batt., Manchester Regt., and 
has the V.D. decoration. 

BELL, Rev. Richard Graham, M.A., Vicar of Emmanuel, Fazakerley. 

205, Warbeck Moor, Aintree, Liverpool. 'Phone : Liverpool, Walton 318. 
Born : April, 1864, at Liverpool ; son of Richard BeU and Mary Hethering- 
ton. Educated : Private tuition, Oxford University, and Wycliffe Hall. 
Appointments : Vicar of Emmanuel, Fazakerley ; Member of Council St. 
Edmund's College; Hon. Secretary, Diocese of Liverpool Church Pastoral 
Aid Society ; Member of other Diocesan Committees. Author : " War 
Poems " ; " Moods, Mottoes and Fancies " ; "A Duologue of the Resurrec- 
tion " (all in verse). Recreations : Boating, lawn tennis, photography. Club : 
Athenaeum, Church House, Liverpool. Notes : Chaplain for wounded troops 
in Liverpool ; Officiating Minister to ist Western Hospital (Territorial). 

BELL, Robert, Solicitor, Deputy Clerk to Justices, Manchester. 

" Ventnor," i, Park Range, Victoria Park, Manchester. Office : Minshull 
Street, Manchester. Born : June 15th, 1867, at Barrow-in-Furness ; third 
son of Robert BeU, of Barrow-in-Furness, and Martha, eldest daughter of 
Benjamin Owen, of Beeston; near Leeds, Yorkshire. Educated : Methuen 
College, Grange-over-Sands. Married : October 28th, 1896, at Edinburgh, 
to Edith Louisa, second daughter of Andrew Stewart, of Edinburgh. Appoint- 
ment : Deputy Clerk to the Justices for the City of Manchester. Travelled : 
France, Switzerland, Belgium, Holland, Austria, Spain, Italy, Germany, 
and Sweden, during last few years. Recreation : Golf. Clubs : Anson Golf, 
and Park (Social), Manchester. Note : Formerly Assistant-Solicitor to 
Manchester Corporation. 



BIOGRAPHIES 39 



BELL, William Blair, B.S., M.D., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., GynaBCologicai 
Surgeon. 

Gorselands, Aigburth Vale, Liverpool ; and 38, Rodney Street, Liverpool. 
Born: September 28th, 1871, at New Brighton, Cheshire ; son of William 
Bell, Esq., J. P., M.R.C.S., and Helen, daughter of General Butcher, of 
Southsea. Educated : Rossall School ; King's College Hospital, London ; 
B.S., M.D. (London Univ.) ; M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. (Lond.) ; Warneford and 
Medical Scholar ; Tanner Prizeman. Assoc, of King's College ; awarded the 
John Hunter Medal and the Triennial Prize of the Royal College of Surgeons, 
England, 1913 ; Fell. Roy. Soc. Med. ; Mem. Pathol. Soc. Great Britain ; 
B.M.A. Liverpool Medical Institution, and North of England Gynaecol. Society. 
Married : June 7th, 1898, at Surbiton, to Florence, daughter of James Bell, 
of Kingston-on-Thames, and Kate Bell, daughter of John Lister, of Chester, 
Appointments : Gynaecological Surgeon to the Royal Infirmary, Liverpool ; 
Lect. on Clin. Gynaecol., University, Liverpool. Formerly Arris and Galy 
Lecturer, Royal College Surgeons ; Hunterian Professor Examiner in Gynae- 
cology and Obstetrics to the RoyaJ College Surgeons, to Belfast University, 
and to the University of Durham. Author : " The Principles of Gynaecology " 
(Longmans), " The Sex Complex" (BaiUiere, Tindall and Cox), and a large 
number of contributions to Medical Treatises, Journals, and the Transactions 
of learned societies. 

BELL, William Bruce, M.B., F.R.C.S. (E.), Surgeon. 

Brae Lossie, Higher Broughton, Manchester. Born : November 3rd, 
1871, at Falkirk, Stirhngshire, N.B. ; son of the late Robert Bell, of Lunna, 
Advocate, Sheriff of Stirling, Dumbarton, and Clackmannanshire, and formerly 
Sheriff of Zetland, and Agnes McCrae, fourth daughter of the late William 
Bruce, of Symbister, Shetland, N.B. Educated: Blairlodge School and Edin- 
burgh University, M.B., CM., F.R.C.S. (E.). Married: September 8th, 1897, 
at Elgin, N.B., to Helen Louise, youngest daughter of H. M. S. Mackay, 
J. P., D.L., Banker, St. Albans, Elgin, N.B., and Louisa Anne, daughter of 
Lewis Auldjo Cooke, Banker, Calcutta, and has issue one son and one daughter : 
Robert Harbourne Bruce, born September 7th, 1902, and Ethel Cicely Bruce, 
born December 19th, 1899. Profession : Surgeon. Appointment : Medical 
Officer, H.M.P.O. Publications: "Death under Chloroform" {Edinburgh 
Medical Journal), 1895; "Fracture of Cervical Vertebrae" {ibid. 1895); 
" Diabetes Mellitus in Infancy " {ibid. 1896) ; " Epidemic Tonsillitis" {Man- 
chester Medical Journal), 191 1, etc. Recreations : Golf, swimming, motor- 
ing, fishing. Clubs : Manchester and County, and Manchester Swimming 
Club. Notes : " Bell of Blacket House " was a well-known Border family, 
and for many generations were proprietors of the property. In 1762 Benjamin 
Bell (great grandfather of W. Bruce Bell), sold the property aind migrated to 
Edinburgh, where he became a distinguished surgeon and author. 

BELLIS, Richard, Solicitor, and retired Sub-Lieut. Commander, 
R.N.A.V. 

Wrenholm, Romiley, Cheshire, and Haworth's Buildings, 5, Cross Street, 
Manchester. Born : November 6th, 1855, at Hawarden, Flintshire, eldest 
son of John Belhs, of Bronhulog, Llandudno, North Wales. Educated : 
Privately. Married : (1) March 7th, 1887, at Droylesden, Lanes., to Judith 
Amelia (now deceased), fifth daughter of the late Henry Eaton, formerly of 
Boothdale, Fairfield, Lanes. ; (2) December 27th, 1915, at the Cathedral, 
Manchester, to Annie Selina, eldest daughter of the late Christopher Wren, 
of The Firs, Bowdon, Cheshire. Has surviving issue, by first marriage, one 
son and two daughters : Lillian Judith, born November 14th, 1889 ; Violet 



40 LANCASHIRE 



Edith, born November i6th, 1896 ; and William Harold, born May i6th. 1901. 
Profession : Solicitor, (London Agents : Kennedy, Ponsonby, Ryde and 
Co., 45 Russell Square, W.C). Recreation : Yachting. Note : Retired Sub- 
Lieutenant Commander, Royal Naval Artillery Volunteers. 

BENNETT, Samuel Armitage, J.P. 

Burnside, Alderley Edge, Manchester. Born : 1856, at Ardwick, Man- 
chester ; fourth son of J. M. Bennett, of Buile Hill, Pendleton, Lanes. Edu- 
cated : Eton, 1869-1874 (rowed in Eton Eight, 1874). Married: 1884, to 
Mary L, daughter of J. A. Bannerman, of Prestwich, Lanes., and has 
issue two sons and three daughters : Louisa Marjorie Bannerman, bom 
1884 (working at Red Cross Hospital in Manchester) ; James Randle, 
bom 1887 (Capt., 6th Batt., Manchester Regt., T.F.) ; Mabel Betty, 
bom 1891, and Barbara Mary, born 1896 (both working in Red Cross 
Hospital, first at Eastboume, now at Torquay) ; Anthony Caunpbell, 
bom 1902 (now at Charterhouse). Occupation : Timber Merchant (now 
retired). Appointment: J.P. for Cheshire, 1908. Recreation: Croquet. 
Masonic Lodge: Social, 62. Note: Is in the Eastbourne V.T.C., and was 
transferred to the V.T.C. in Torquay while staying there for four months. 

BENT, Pastor James. 

Dock Mission, Salford. Born : June, 1871, at Manchester ; son of 
Henry and Hannah Bent. Married : Mary A. E. Austen, daughter of James 
and Catherine Austen, St. Peter's, Kent, and has issue one son and one 
daughter : Gladys Mary and James Austen. Profession ': Pastor, Dock 
Mission Hall and Institute. Appointment : Member of Soldiers' and Sailors' 
Relief Committee, Salford. Publications : " From Training Camp to Fighting 
Line." 

BERRY, Thomas, Solicitor and Commissioner of Oaths. 

The Poplars, Chorley. Office : 6, Mealhouse Lane, Chorley. Born : 
December ist, 1864, at Chorley ; son of William Berry, of Chorley, and Lucy, 
eldest daughter of John Miller, of Chorley. Educated : National and Grammar 
Schools, Chorley. Married : May 25th, 1895, at Walton, Liverpool, to EUza- 
beth, fourth daughter of George Ellison, of Chorley, and Elizabeth, fifth 
daughter of Richard Carr, of Chorley, and has issue one son : William George, 
born August 24th, 1896. Profession : Solicitor and Commissioner of Oaths. 
Travelled : Capitals of North and West Europe ; Switzerland and Norway. 
Recreations: Art, music, and walking. Club: Conservative. Notes: 
Admitted Solicitor, 1890, awarded First Class Honours (Incorporated Law 
Society). His only son has now left King William's College, and is a 
Lance-Sergeant in the nth Loyal N. Lancashire Regt. 

BERWICK, Edward Bertie Hartley, M.A. (Cantab), Head Master of 
Rossall. 

RossaU Preparatory School, Cleveleys, Lanes. Telegrams : " Berwick 
Cleveleys." Born : June 19th, 1871, at Blackgang, Isle of Wight ; eldest 
son of Rev. Joseph Thomas Berwick, of Buntingford, Herts., and Armande 
Beatrix Florentine Berwick, of Roye, Somme, France. Educated : Forest 
School, Walthamstow, and St. Catharine's College, Cambridge. Married : 
April i6th, 1908, to Jessie Ellen McDougall, daughter of A. F. McDougall. 
of Rendham, Suffolk, and has issue one son and two daughters : 
Edward Joseph, Alix Florentine, Kathleen Rachel. Profession : Head 
Master of Rossall Preparatory School, and Licensed Preacher in 



BIOGRAPHIES 41 



Diocese of Manchester. Recreatiom : All games, motor cycling, garden- 
ing, carpentering. Clubs : Junior Conservative ; Q Club. Masonic Lodge : 
Adair, 936. Career : Second Master at Eaton House, Aldeburgh, Suffolk, 
1892-1900 ; B.A., Cambridge, 1892 ; M.A., 1899 ; Head Master of 
Rossall Preparatory School and Assistant Master, Rossall School, from 
January, 1900 ; Clerk in Holy Orders, ordained Norwich, 1894. Has 
had twenty-three years' unbroken service in Territorials : eight years 
Artillery, eight years Engineers, seven years in Officers' Training Corps ; 
Capt., T.D. ; Commissioned in ist Norfolk Artillery Volunteers in December, 
1892 ; in Command of No. 7 Battery, 1897-1900 ; Quarter-Master. Public 
Schools Brigade Camps, from 1907-1914. Played Association football for 
Suffolk County, 1893-1900, and for Casuals. 

BIBBY, Henry Percy. 

The Priory, Bidston, Birkenhead ('Phone : Birkenhead 956) ; J. Bibby 
and Sons, Ltd., King Edward Street, Liverpool ('Phone : 8089 Central). 
Born : October 14th, 1895, at Birkdale, Lancashire ; son of Joseph and Ruth 
Bibby. Educated : Eton. Occupation : In business with J. Bibby and 
Sons, Ltd., Liverpool, Seed Crushers. Joined Liverpool " Pals " (17th King's 
Liverpool), as private, at outbreak of war, 1914. Recreation : Golf. Club : 
Wallasey Golf, 

BIBBY, John Hartley. 

Mossley Hill, Liverpool, and Plas-yn-Roe, Taly Cafn, S.O., North Wales. 
Born : 1864, at Liverpool ; eldest son of John Bibby, of Fachwen, St. Asaph, 
and Liverpool, and his wife, Frances CaroUne (nee Grundy, of Bury). Edu- 
cated : Essex's, Malvern Wells, and Eton. Married : January, 1891, to 
Eugenie Antoinette, second daughter of the late Capt. C. C. and Mrs. C. C 
Macdonald, and has issue two sons and two daughters : Noelle, Eric, Eileen, 
Rupert (eldest son, Eric, is 2nd Lieut., ist Batt., Royal Welsh Fusihers). 
Occupation : Managing Director of John Bibby, Sons and Co., Ltd., Garston ; 
Director of the Broughton Copper Co., Ltd., Manchester ; acting on the Royal 
Infirmary and Bluecoat Hospital, Liverpool and Engineering Standards Com- 
mittee, London. Recreation : For many years Hon. Secretary, The Altcar 
Club and Waterloo Coursing Club. Club : Racquet, Liverpool. 

BIBBY, Joseph, J.P., Author and Editor, Chairman of Limited 
Company. 

The Priory, Bidston, Birkenhead, Born : January 12th, 185 1, at 
Conder Mill, near Lancaster ; second son of James and Amelia Bibby. Edu- 
cated : Abbeystead School, over Wyversdale. Married : March ist, 1881, 
at Quernmore Wesleyan Chapel, to Ruth, second daughter of John and Mary 
Pye, of Quernmore, near Lancaster, and has issue five sons and two 
daughters. Founder of J. Bibby and Sons, Ltd., Seed Crushers, Manu- 
facturers of the Bibby Oil Cakes, Appointments: J. P. for Liverpool ; retired 
from the City Council of Liverpool, 1912, after six years' service. Author : 
" A Friendly Talk with Socialists and Others," and Editor of Bibby' s 
Annual. Travelled: Cosmopolitan, Recreation: Literary Work. Club: 
Reform, Liverpool. 

BICKERDIKE, William Edward, J.P., F.I.C. 

Bryers Croft, Wilpshire, Lanes. Telegrams : Bickerdike, Wilpshire. ' Phone : 
3 Wilpshire. Born : January loth, 1843, at Lancaster ; son of Robert and 
EUzabeth Bickerdike. Educated : Lancaster Royal Grammau: School, also 
at Royal Institution, Manchester, for Chemistry. Married : April 27th, 



42 LANCASHIRE 



1877, to Miss Eccles Darwen, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Eccles Darwen. 
Appointments : J. P. for Lancashire, June 29th, 1903, at Lancaster ; Fellow 
of the Institute of Chemistry and of the Chemical Society. Club : Union 
Club, Blackburn. 

BICKERSTAFFE, Alderman John, J.P., Chairman of Limited 
Company. 

High Lawn, Blackpool. Barn : January 20th, 1848, at Blackpool ; son 
of Robert and Elizabeth Bickerstaffe, of Blackpool. Educated : St. John's 
and Bamber's Schools. Married : January 20th, 1876, at Glasson Dock, 
to Eliza, daughter of James and Elizabeth Gerrard, of Glasson Dock, and 
has issue one son and seven daughters : Robert Gerrard, born November 
19th, 1876 ; Elizabeth Constance, bom January 15th, 1879 ; Edith Mary, 
born October 5th, 1880 ; Maude Alexandra, born July 26th, 1883 ; Florence 
Eliza, bom March 3rd, 1886 ; Daisy Victoria, born November i8th, 1887 ; 
Violet Gladys, born February 9th, 1890 ; Beatrice May, born February 9th, 
1893. Appointments : J.P. ; Mayor, 1889-1890 and 1890-1891 ; Freeman of 
the Borough ; Chairman of Blackpool Tower and Palace Co. ; Chairman of 
Blackpool Passenger Steamboat Co, ; Chairman of Chfton Arms and Pier 
Hotel Co. ; Chairman of the Fylde Water Board ; Father of the Council, 
elected 1880 ; Blackpool's representative on the Territorial Association for 
West Lanes. Mihtary Representative for the County Borough of Blackpool. 
Travelled : Egypt, Palestine, Turkey, Greece, Italy, France, Germany, West 
Indies, Mexico, Panama, South America. Note : Owns two farms at Whinney 
Heyes. 

BICKERTON, Thomas Herbert, M.R.C.S. (Lond.), L.R.C.P. (Edin.), 
J. P., Consulting Ophthalmic Surgeon, Royal Infirmary. 

88, Rodney Street, Liverpool. Born : June 17th, 1857, ^.t Liverpool ; 
eldest son of the late Thomas Bickerton, F.R C.S. (Edin.), of Liverpool (for- 
merly Llewein Hall, Denbigh), and Ehzabeth Green, of Warrington. Educated : 
Liverpool Institute, Liverpool Royal Infirmary ; London Hospital ; Moor- 
fields Ophthalmic Hospital; Great Ormond Street Children's Hospital; Vienna. 
M.R.C.S. (Lond.) ; L.R.C.P. (Edin.). Married : 1891, Mary Jessie, fourth 
daughter of the late James Burton, of Prestwich, and Ellen, daughter of 
Thomas Dugdale, of Griffin Lodge, Blackburn, and has issue two sons : 
Herbert Richard, bom 1893; and John Myles, born 1894. Appointments: 
Ophthalmic Surgeon, Liverpool Royal Infirmary ; Consulting Ophthalmic 
Surgeon, Borough Hospital, Bootle, and General Infirmary, Southport ; 
Ophthalmic Surgeon, Brunswick Road Blind Asylum, etc. President, 
Liverpool Medical Mission ; Ex-President, Liverpool Medical Institution, 
and Liverpool Temperance Union ; Vice-President, Ophthalmological Society, 
London ; and British Medical Temperance Association ; J.P. for City of 
Liverpool since 1900. Publications: " Colour Bhndness and Defective Sight 
in Mercantile Marine" ; " John Rutter, M.P., Founder of Athenaeum " (Liver- 
pool), and Liverpool Medical Institution ; "History of Medical Institution "; 
" Medical Sketch of Liverpool, 1745-1900"; " Ocular Headache " ; "Ophthalmic 
Advances"; "Epilepsy, and Refractive Errors"; "History of Excision 
of Eyeball " ; " Mules' Operation, and Evisceration " ; etc. CUibs : 
Athenaeum, Liverpool ; Royal Automobile. 

BIGLAND, Alfred, M.P., Assistant Director, Munition Supplies. 

Wexford Lodge, Oxton, Birkenhead. Born : 1855, at Liscard ; fourth 
son of Edwin Bigland, of Birkenhead. Educated : Friends' Public School, 
Sidcot, Somerset. Married : 1879, to Emily Jane, daughter of W. B. Arkle, 



BIOGRAPHIES 43 



of Birkenhead, and has issue one son and two daughters. Profession : 
Merchant ; Senior Partner of Bigland, Sons and Jeffreys, Liverpool. Appoint- 
ments : On Birkenhead School Board from 1893 ; Birkenhead Town Council, 
1907 ; M.P. (C), Birkenhead, from 1910 ; Assistant Director of Propellant 
Supplies, Ministry of Munitions. Clubs : Constitutional, and 1900. 

BILBROUGH, Rt. Rev. Harold Ernest, Bishop of Dover (formerly 

Rector of Liverpool). 

Lambeth Palace, London, S.E. Born : February 22nd, 1867, at Twicken- 
ham ; second son of Arthur and Agnes Bilbrough. Educated : Winchester 
College, 1879-1886 ; New CoUege, Oxford, 1886-1889 ; B.A., 1889 ; M.A., 
1893. Appointments: Bishop of Dover; Hon. Canon of Canterbury 
Cathedral. Recreation: Fishing. C/m6 .• Union, London. Career: Ordained 
by Bishop of Durham ; Deacon, 1890 ; Priest, 1891 ; Curate of St. Mary's, 
Tyne Dock, 1890-1897 ; Vicar of St. John's, Darhngton, 1897-1904 ; Vicar of 
South Shields and Rural Dean of Jarrow, 1904-1910 ; Hon. Canon of 
Durham, 1909-1911 ; Rector of Liverpool, etc., 1910 ; Sub-Dean and Hon. 
Canon of Liverpool Cathedral ; Rural Dean of Liverpool, North ; Hon. 
Chaplain to Bishop of Durham ; Commissary to Bishop of Madagascar. 
Consecrated Bishop of Dover in Westminster Abbey, February 24th, 
1916. 

BINGHAM, Thomas Ernest, Managing Director. 

Mayroyd, Cecil Avenue, Ashton-on-Mersey, Manchester ; 10, Charlotte 
Street, Manchester. Born : September 28th, 1871, at Brooklands, Cheshire ; 
son of Joseph Bingham, of 59, Derbyshire Lane, Stretford. Educated : Man- 
chester Grammar School. Married : 1899, to Catherine Elizabeth Allott, 
niece of the late C. S. Allott, M.LC.E., M.LM.E., and has issue two daughters : 
Winifred Eileen and Marjorie. Appointments : Managing Director, Bairber 
and Colman, Ltd. Travelled : Germany, Russia, Sweden, America. Recrea- 
tions : Tennis, photography, mechanics. Clubs : Manchester Engineers' ; 
Brooklands Cricket and Tennis ; Textile Institute ; Chamber of Commerce. 
Note : His father is a late member of the Lancashire County Council, 
Manchester School Board, Diocesan Council, etc. 

BIRCHALL, Charles Herbert, J.P., Proprietor and Editor of "The 

Journal of Commerce." 

" Inveresk," New Brighton, Cheshire ; 'Phone : Liscard 180. Offices : 
17, James Street, Liverpool ; 37, Walbrook, London, E.C. ; and 105, West 
George Street, Glasgow. Born : July, 1869, at Liverpool ; only son of the 
late Charles Birchall, of Liverpool, and Sarah Ann, daughter of Thomas 
Stubbs, of Liverpool. Educated : Wesley College, Sheffield. Married : 
1896, at Wallasey, to Flori, daughter of Thomas William Read, of Wallasey, 
Cheshire, and Isabella, daughter of Wm. Reid Euing, of Liverpool, and has 
issue two sons and two daughters : Charles, born October 26th, 1896 ; E. D. L., 
born March 4th, 1899 ; Kitty, born May loth, 1901 ; Edward, born December 
loth, 1903. Occupation: Proprietor and Editor of TJie Journal of Comm^ce. 
Appointments : J. P. for Cheshire, 1912 ; Chairman, Charles Birchall, Ltd. ; 
Director, Diamond Emery Co., Ltd. ; Beet Sugar Founders, Ltd. ; Bauxite 
Co., Ltd. ; Blackwell's Development Corporation ; Grove Sjoidicate, Ltd. ; 
Blackwell's Metallurgical Works, Ltd. Travelled : Europe and America. 
Recreations : Horse riding and golfing. Note : His son, Charles Birchall, is 
a Lieut., Machine Gun Corps. 



44 LANCASHIRE 



BIRD, Albert Edward, L.S.A., L.M.S.S.A., Physician and Surgeon. 

Trafalgar House, Burnley. Born : December nth, 1867, at Harbury, 
Leamington, Warwickshire ; first son of T. Buckley-Bird, of Leamington, 
Warwickshire, and Harriet, daughter of Thomas Bird, of Harbury, Leam- 
ington, Warwickshire. Educated : Owens College, Victoria University, 
Manchester ; L.S.A. (Lond.) ; L.M.S.S.A. (Lond.). Married : March nth, 
1903, at Sale, Cheshire, to Emily, fourth daughter of the late Joseph Shearston, 
of Sheffield, and Catherine, fourth daughter of Geo. Irving, of Sheffield, and 
has issue one son, George Edward Noel, born December 23rd, 1905. Pro- 
fession : Physician and Surgeon. Appointments : Hon. Surgeon and Lecturer 
St. John's Ambulance Association (Commandant of Nursing Division 148) ; 
Medical Examiner to Law Union and Rock Assurance Company ; Member. 
British Medical Association (Hon. Secretary, Burnley Division) ; Member 
Burnley Medico-Ethical Society ; President of the Burnley Division, British 
Medical Association ; Medical Officer in charge of the Auxiliary Military 
Hospital, Burnley ; Member of the Local Medical War Committee. Recrea- 
tions : Cricket, fishing, and motoring. Clubs : Member, Automobile Associa- 
tion ; Mechanics, Burnley. 

BIRDSALL, George Bradshaw, J.P., Vice-President, Manchester 

Education Association. 

Fairfield, Victoria Park, Manchester. Born : February 2nd, 1850, at 
Hale Barns, Cheshire ; eldest son of the late Robert Birdsall, of Manchester, 
and Sarah, eldest daughter of George Taylor, of Yew Tree Cottage, Hale 
Bams, Cheshire. Educated : Manchester Grammar School. Married : Sep- 
tember I2th, 1872, at Chorlton Road Congregational Church, Manchester, to 
Mary, eldest daughter of the late John Sunter, of Manchester, and Susannah, 
second daughter of Michael and Mary Calvert, of Knaresborough, Yorkshire, 
and has issue one son and three daughters : Frank Arnold, born, April 6th, 
1888 ; Mary EveUne, bom Febmary 14th, 1874 ; Kate, born March 22nd, 
1876 ; Nora, bom September 8th, 1877. Appointments : J. P. for County of 
Lancashire, December, 1906 ; Vice-President, Manchester Education Associa- 
tion ; formerly Member of Withinglon Urban District Council and Moss Side 
School Board. Travelled : France, Switzerland, Belgium. Recreations : 
Reading and rambling. Club : '95 Club, Vice-President. Notes : Is a 
Congregationalist and has been connected with Chorlton Road Congregational 
Church and Sunday School, Manchester, since 1857, is also Vice-President of 
the Stretford Division. Liberal Association. (Since the above was written, 
Mr. Birdsall has died.) 

BIRKETT, Alderman John Robert, J.P., ex-Mayor. 

5, Morecambe Terrace, Morecambe, Lanes. Born : 1854 ; second son 
of Robert Birkett, of Morecambe. Educated : Grammar School, Lancaster. 
Married : 1886, to Mary, daughter of Dr. Charles Sutcliffe, of Todmorden, 
Yorks, and has issue four children (two deceased). Appointments : Mayor 
of Morecambe, 1903-1904 ; 1904-1905 ; 1905-1906 ; 1909-1910 ; 1910-1911. 
J. P., 1905, County of Lanes. 

BIRLEY, Charles Fair, Lord of the Manor of Woodplumton. 

Bartle Hall, Preston. Born : 1889, at Wrea Green ; eldest son of Charles 
Addison Birley, J. P., of Bartle Hall, Lanes, (died 1908), and Gertrude Emily, 
eldest daughter of Thomas Fair, of West wood, Lytham. Educated : Win- 
chester and Christ Church, Oxford. Recreation: Hunting. Note: 2nd Lieut., 
Duke of Lancaster's Yeomanry from 1910 ; gazetted Capt., August, 1914 ; 
attached 9th Hodson's Horse, I.E.F., since April, 1915. On Active Service 
(1916). Lord of the Manor of Woodplumton. 



BIOGRAPHIES 45 



BIRLEY, Hutton, J.P. 

Wrea Green, Kirkham, near Preston. Born : 1840, at Kirkham ; second 
son of T. L. Birley, J.P. (died 1874), of Carr Hill, Lanes. Educated : Rossall. 
Married: 1865, to Alice M. (died 1875), daughter of J. Henry Howard, and 
has issue three sons : Thomas Howard Birley ; Percy Langton Birley ; 
Wiliam Arthur Hutton Birley. Appointment : J. P., Lanes. 

BIRLEY, Percy Langton, J. P., Horticulturist. 

Wrea Green, Kirkham, Preston. Born : January 14th, 1868, at Wrea 
Green, near Preston ; son of Hutton Birley, Kirkham, and Alice Mary Birley. 
Educated : Uppingham School. Married : October 8th, 1902, at Bebington 
Parish Church, to Mary Emily, daughter of H. H. Hassall, of Bebington, 
Cheshire, and has issue two sons and one daughter : Thomas Langton, born 
1907 ; Roger Hutton, born 1907 ; Alice Barbara Mary, born 1904. 
Occupation: Horticulturist. Appointments: J.P. Travelled: Italy, France, 
Switzerland. Note : Owns property at Wrea Green. 

BIRTWISTLE, Albert, J.P. 

Springfield House, Preston New Road, Blackburn. 'Phone : No. 96. 
Born : Springfield House, Blackburn, Lanes.; son of William and Rachel 
Birtwistle. Educated : Rotherham ; Whalley Grammar School ; and Frankfort- 
on-Maine, Germany. Married : Balderstone Church, near Blackburn. 
Occupation : Cotton Spinner and Manufacturer. Appointments : J.P. for 
Lanes. Recreation : Shooting. Clubs : Reform, Manchester ; Union, Black- 
burn ; Pleasington Golf Club. Note : Has four sons serving with the Colours : 
Major U. Birtwistle ; Trooper H. O. Birtwistle ; 2nd Lieut. A. E. Birtwistle ; 
2nd Lieut. Norman Birtwistle. 

BIRTWISTLE, Lieut.-Col. Arthur, J.P., C.M.G. 

Billinge Scarr, Blackburn. Born : 1877, at Blackburn ; son of Mr. and 
Mrs. William Birtwistle, Billinge Scarr, Blackburn. Educated : Blackburn 
Grammar School, and University School, Southport. Married : Mrs. 
Woodman, of Liverpool. Occupation : Cotton Spinner and Manufacturer. 
Appointments : J.P. for Lanes., 1908. Recreations : Territorial Artillery, 
motoring, golf. Club : Royal Automobile. Note : Now serving in Command 
of the i/i East Lanes. Brig., R.F.A. ; mentioned in despatches and awarded 
C.M.G., November, 1915. 

BIRTWISTLE, Rev. John, Wesleyan Minister. 

72, Plymouth Grove, Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester. Born : 
December 30th, 1865, in the Parish of St. George, Manchester ; son of William 
and Ann Birtwistle. Educated : Elementary and Grammar Schools ; Dids- 
bury Wesleyan College. Married : August 6th, 1898, to Louise Frances, 
daughter of Samuel and Louisa Edwards, of Dudley, Worcestershire. Pro- 
fession : Wesleyan Minister. 

BISHOP, Rev. Charles Edvv^ard, M.A., Vicar of St. John the 
Evangelist, Liverpool. 

4, Richmond Terrace, Everton, Liverpool. Born : June 7th, 1852, at 
Norwich ; son of George and Frances Bishop. Educated : Bracondale School, 
Norwich, and Corpus Christi College, Cambridge ; B.A., 1877 ; M.A., 1881. 
Married : June 24th, 1884, to Henrietta Octavia Robinson, daughter of the 
Rev. George and Mrs. Henrietta Cecilia Robinson, and has issue nine children, 
including two sons : George Spencer Armitage, R.A.M.C. (on active ser\'ice) ; 
Francis Hugh, South Lancashire Regt., in training. Profession : Mcar of St. 
John the Evangelist, Everton, Liverpool, in which city edl his clerical life has 
been spent. 



46 LANCASHIRE 



BISHOP, Charles Joseph, J.P., Glass Manufacturer. 

Edenhurst, Roby, Lanes. Born : 1851, at St. Helens ; younger son 
of Charles Bishop, of St. Helens. Edticated : Privately. Married : 1874, 
to Ann Jane, eldest daughter of Sir David Gamble, ist Baronet. Occupation : 
Glass Manufacturer. Appointment: J.P. for Lanes., 1906. 

BLACKBURNE, Robert Ireland, C.B„ D.L., J.P. 

Hale Hall, near Liverpool, Born : 1850, at Light Oaks, Cheadle, Staffs. ; 
only son of Col. John Ireland Blackburne, M.P., D.L., J.P. (died 1893), of 
Hale Hall, Lanes. Educated : Eton ; and Trinity College, Cambridge. 
Married : 1885, to Georgina V., youngest daughter of the late Lieut. -Col. 
Sir Gustavus Hume, Kt., and has issue two sons and one daughter : Gilbert 
Ireland (Capt., 3rd South Lanes. Regt.) ; John Ireland (Lieut., 3rd South 
Lanes. Regt.) ; Mary Ireland. Appointments : D.L. and J. P., 1893, for Lanes. 
Club: United Serviee. Notes: Hon. Col., 3rd Battn. (Mil.), South Lanes. 
Regt., 1903 ; Late Lieut. -Col. Commanding (1896-1903) ; Hon. Lieut. -Col. in 
the Army, 1901 ; served in South Africa, 1900-1901. Mentioned in despatches. 

BLACKLEDGE, James, J.P., Company Director. 

Rose Hill, Lydiate, Liverpool. Born : 1861, at Waterloo ; second son 
of the late James Blaekledge, of Waterloo, Lanes. Educated : Ampleforth. 
Married : 1887, to Lucy, daughter of the late Thomas Heditch, of Dover, 
Kent. Occupation: Managing Director, James Blaekledge and Sons, Ltd., 
Bread and Biscuit Manufacturers. Appointments : J. P., 1910, for Lanes. 
Note : Has two sons serving with the Colours : R. H. Blaekledge, 2nd Lieut., 
the King's (Liverpool) Regt. ; E. J. Blaekledge, 2nd Lieut., The King's (Liver- 
pool) Regt. 

BLACKWELL, John, J.P., Chairman of Limited Company. 

Woodlands, Chambers Road, Southport. Office : Vauxhall Street, Rochdale 
Road, Manchester. Born : June 27th, 1841, at Hulme, Manchester ; only 
son of WiUiam and Mary Blaekwell, of Manchester (both deceased). Educated : 
Public School. Married : Thrice — 1861, Miss Elizabeth McNicol, of Man- 
chester ; 1903, Mrs. Hurrell (formerly Champness), of Manchester; 1910 
Mrs. B. Walker, Southport, and has issue four sons and six daughters : John 
Duncan, born April, 1872 ; William Ernest, born January, 1874 ; Benjamin 
Sinclair, born December, 1875 ; Ellen and Leonard (twins), bom September, 
1878 ; Mary Elizabeth, born October, 1862 ; Catherine, bom August, 
1864 ; Jessie, born November, 1866 ; Annie, born May, 1870 ; Florence 
May, bom September, 1880. Appointments : Chairman of the Packing 
Materials Association, Ltd., Manchester ; J.P. for the Borough of Hyde, 
Cheshire, 1901 ; Councillor, Hyde Town Council, 1896-1901 ; Alderman, 
1901-1907 ; Chairman of Finance Committee, 1897-1907 ; Mayor of the 
Borough of Hyde, 1904-1905. Travelled : Australia, 1903 ; AustraUa and 
New Zealand, 1908-1909 ; Palestine, 1911 ; Italy and France, 1912 ; round 
the world, visiting India, China, Japan, British Columbia, Canada and the 
United States, Channel Islands, 1913-1914. 

BLAIR, Alexander Campbell, Landowner. 

WhaUey Range, Lancashire. Born : May 3rd, 1862, at Manchester ; second 
son of George Beatson Blair, Whalley Range, Manchester, and Maryanne 
Harriet Campbell, Killinallen, Island of Islay, N.B. Educated : Fettes 
College, Edinburgh. Travelled : South America. Recreations : Music, 
motoring, art. Club : Junior Athenaeum, Piccadilly, London, W. Notes : 
Owns Dolmellynlyn estate, near Dolgelly. N. Wales, also that of Burton 
Closes, Bakewell, Derbyshire. 



BIOGRAPHIES 47 



BLAIR, John, M.D., J. P., Surgeon, Author. 

Bidston House, Wigan. Born: September 3rd, 186 1, at Cork; second 
son of John Blair, of Eglantine, Montenotte, and Anna Fulton, elder daughter 
of Richard West, of Cork. Educated: Carmichael's School and Queen College, 
Cork ; M.D., M.Ch., 1881 ; M.A.O., 1886, Royal. Married : September loth. 
1885, Elizabeth, fourth daughter of Francis Love, of the Priory, Grosmont, 
Yorks, and has issue six sons : John Ernest, born August 25th, 1886 ; 
Richard Henry, born July nth, 1893 (since killed at Festubert) ; Sidney 
Barclay, born August 20th, 1895 ; Robert Love, born August, 1897 ; 
Kenneth George, born December 24th, 1901 ; Francis James, born June 
19th, 1906. Profession : Surgeon and Author. Appointments : Hon. Sur- 
geon Royal Albert Edward Infirmary, Wigan ; J. P., County Borough of 
Wigan, 1905. Author : Of articles on professional subjects in British Medical 
and Liverpool Medical Journals ; " Puerperal Fever " ; "Re-suturing Broken 
Patella Twice in Eight Weeks "; "A Valuable Sign in Acute Appendicitis," 
etc. Travelled : Canada, Norway, Upper Egypt, and Southern Russia. Re- 
creations : Travel, golf, music, photography. 

BLAKEMORE, Benjamin, J.P., L.R.C.P. 

Ingleside, Tyldesley. Born : November 9th, 1862, at Newton-Ie-Willows ; 
son of James Blakemore, of Two Porches, Atherton, and Ann, daughter of 
Alice Banks and Wilmot Banks, of Atherton. Educated : Owens College, 
Manchester ; L.R.C.P., M.R.C.S. Married : October 28th, 1887, at Christ's 
Church, Southport, to Mary Alice, daughter of William Lewis, of Tyldesley, 
and Elizabeth J. Isherwood, and has issue two sons and two daughters : Winifred 
Lucy, Herbert William, Kathleen Mildred, Ben Desmond. Appointments : 
J. P., County of Lancaster ; Medical Officer of Health to the County Council 
of Lancaster. Travelled : South America, West Indies, Mexico. Recreation : 
Golf. Club : Conservative, Tyldesley. Note : Surgeon on R.M.S. Venezuela 
1885. 

BLAKENEY, Rev. Robert Bibby, M.A., Rector of Southport. 

The Rectory, Southport. Born : February ist, 1866, at Claughton, 
Birkenhead ; second son of Richard Paul Blakeney, D.D., LL.D., Canon of 
York, and Rector and Rural Dean of Bridlington (deceased), and Elizabeth, 
daughter of Robert Bibby, Esq., of Liverpool. Educated : Peterhouse College, 
Cambridge ; B.A., 1889 ; M.A., 1904. Married : July 19th, 1894, ^t Syden- 
ham Hill, to Constance Eleanor, second daughter of Colonel Henry Zouch 
Darrah, B.S.C., and has no issue. Appointments : Ordained Deacon, 1891 ; 
Priest, 1892 (by Bishop of Sodor and Man) ; Curate of Malew, 1891-1893 ; 
Incumbent of St. Jude's, Ramsey, 1893-1894 ; Rector of Southport, Lanca- 
shire, 1905 ; formerly Rector of Wombwell, 1894-1905 ; Chaplain, National 
Reserve, Southport Batt., 1913. Travelled: France, Italy, Germany, 
Scandinavia. Recreations : Golf, tennis. Note : Member of an old Irish 
family. 

BLECKLY, John James, J.P., Engineer and Iron Master. 

Daresbury Lodge, Altrincham. Office : Bewsey Ironworks. Warrington. 
Born : August 7th, 1842, at Newcastle-on-Tyne, second son of Henry Bleckly, 
J. P., of Ipswich, and Anna Sanderson Allis, daughter of John AUis, of Tewkes- 
bury. Educated : Queenwood College, Hampshire ; and Liverpool College. 
Married : October 12th, 1871, at Thelwall Church, to Emma, second daughter 
of John Rylands, J.P. (Lanes.), of Thelwall Grange, Warrington, and Harriet, 
second daughter of Rev. John Jackson, of Green Hammerton, and has issue 
two sons and three daughters : John, born July 4th, 1872 ; Emma, bom 
December 19th, 1873 ; Ethel, born October 26th, 1875 ; Editha. bom October 



48 LANCASHIRE 



2ist, 1884 ; Henry, born April ist, 1891. Occupation : Engineer and Iron- 
master. Appointment : J. P. for County of Lancaster, 1890. Travelled : 
France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Holy Land, Greece, Egypt, North Africa, 
Canary Islands. Recreations : Riding, driving, motoring. Note : One of 
the founders of the Pearson Knowles Coal and Iron Co., and of the Partington 
Steel and Iron Co., original member of Iron and Steel Institute ; one of the 
pioneers of the Lancashire Iron Trade. 

BLES, Captain George Marcus. 

Beechwood, Knutsford. Office : 54, Princess Street, Manchester. Born : 
October 31st, 1877, at Manchester ; younger son of Marcus Samuel Bles, 
Consul for the Netherlands, J. P., and Josephine Sophia Bles; grandson 
of the eminent Dutch painter, David Bles. Educated : Rugby School, 1891-1895. 
Married : December 4th, 1907, to Helen Kathleen, daughter of Sir William 
Garforth, LL.D., J. P., Snydale Hall, Pontefract, and has issue three sons 
and one daughter : George David Garforth, Elizabeth Josephine, John Marcus 
Garforth and Michael William Garforth (twins). Occupation : Partner in the 
firm of S. D. Bles and Sons. Recreations : Racquets, golf, etc. Club : 
Manchester Tennis and Racquet. Note : Gazetted 2nd Lieut. i6th (S) Batt. 
Manchester Regt., ist City Batt., March i6th, 1915; Captain attached 
General Staff, March i8th, 1916. 

BLOTT, Rev. Herbert Walker, Minister, United Methodist Church. 

119, Plymouth Grove, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester. Born : January 
22nd, 1868, at Bermondsey, London, S.E. ; son of Walker Blott and Sophia 
Fanny Bidgood. Educated : London School Board Scholarship at City of 
London School. Married : September 4th, 1901, to Jessie, fourth daughter 
of Arthur and Emily Peacock, and has issue one daughter : Helena Joyce. 
Profession : Minister of United Methodist Church. Appointments : Member 
of Fellowship of ReconciUation. Young People's Temperance Secretary, 
Manchester District, Recreations : Cycling, boat-sailing, wood-working, chess. 

BLUNDELL, Lieut. Francis Nicholas, B.A., J. P., County Councillor, 
Chamberlain of the Sword and Cloak. 

Crosby Hall, Blundellsands, near Liverpool. Born : October i6th, 
1880, at Crosby ; only son of the late Francis Nicholas Blundell (English) and 
his wife, Mary (Irish). Educated: Stonyhurst and Oratory School, Edgbaston, 
and Merton College, Oxford (B.A., 1904). Occupation : Member of Lancashire 
Farmers' Association, Lancashire Federation of Rural Friendly Societies 
(Chief Warden, 1911-1915), County and Agricultural work generally. Appoint- 
ments : J. P., County Palatine of Lanes., 1911 ; County Councillor for Crosby 
Division of Lanes., 1913 ; Chamberlain of the Sword and Cloak to Pope Pius X., 
1908, and to Pope Benedict XV., 1915 ; Lieut., Lanes. Hussars Yeomanry 
(now serving in France). Recreations : Cricket, shooting, travel. Clubs : 
Authors, Welhngton. 

BLYTHE, Capt. Alan Lancelot, Managing Director, Chemical 
Manufacturer and Shipper. 

Holland Bank House, Church, Lanes. ; 'Phone : 2264 Accrington. 
Offices : 21, Spring Gardens, Manchester ; 95, Bath Street, Glasgow ; 24, 
St. Mary Axe, London ; i, Hornby Road, Bombay ; Enschede, Holland. 
Born : June 5th, 1884, at Accrington, Lanes. ; second son of Frederick 
C. and Catherine Muir Blythe. Educated : Manchester Grammar School ; 
H.M.S. Conway. Married : December 6th, 1906, to Susannah, daughter 



BIOGRAPHIES 49 



of Robert and Mary Boyle, of Blackburn, and has issue one son and 
one daughter : William Hetherington Blythe and Catherine Mary Margaret. 
Recreation : Yachting cind motoring. 

BOLDEN, John Leonard, M.A., J.P., Barrister, F.S.I., Lord of the 
Manor of Warton-with-Lindeth. 

28, Lansdowne Road, London, W. ; Hyning, Carnforth. Born : 1841 ; 
second son of W. B. Bolden, D.L., J. P. (died 1895), of Hyning, Carnforth. 
Educated : Trinity College, Cambridge ; M.A. Married : 1874, to Caroline E., 
eldest daughter of Rev. P. G. McDouall, M.A., Rector of Cosgrove, 
Northants. Profession : Barrister, Inner Temple, 1867 ; Fellow of the 
Surveyors' Institution, 1875. Appointments : J. P. for Lanes, and Cornwall ; 
late Surveyor-General and Deputy-Receiver-General of the Duchy of Lan- 
caster ; Member of the Council of the Duchy, from 1912. Note : Lord of the 
Manor of Warton-with-Lindeth. 

BOLGER, James, General Shipping Contractor. 

500, Stanley Road, Bootle, Lanes. Office : 15, Goree Piazzas, Liverpool 
Central. Born : November 7th, 1863, at Liverpool ; son of Patrick Bolger, 
of Wexford, and Anne, daughter of John O'Reilly, of Wexford, Ireland. Edu- 
cated : Pubhc and Private Schools. Married : August loth, 1898, to Margaret 
Mary, daughter of Bernard Hennin, of Waterloo, Liverpool, and Susan, 
daughter of John Clark, of Kilkeel, Ireland, and has issue three sons and four 
daughters : Margaret Mary, born August 15th, 1899 ; James, bom August 
9th, 1901 ; Bernard, born January nth, 1903 ; Annie, born September 6th, 
1904 ; Norah, born June loth, 1906 ; Josephine, born April 15th, 1909 ; 
John Patrick, born October 21st, 1910. Occupation : Ship and Boiler Scaling 
Contractor and Cementer, etc. Engaged on ships employed by the Admiralty. 
Appointments : Elected 1895, Member of Liverpool City Council (North 
Scotland Ward) ; Member for nine years Liverpool Select Vestry. Travelled : 
United States, Canada, West Indies, and the Continent, Recreations : Run- 
ning and rowing. Notes : Helped to bring about reforms for the benefit of 
the inmates of Workhouses and the outside poor who were in receipt of poor 
rehef. Owns freehold property at Waterloo, Liverpool. 

BOLTON, Rev. George Gibson, M.A., Curate, Pemberton Parish 
Church. 

The Beeches, Orrell Mount, Pemberton, Lanes. Born : November 5th, 
1877, at Chestnut Villa, Balhnderry, Antrim, Ireland ; son of John English 
and Sarah Bolton, of Chestnut ViUa, Ballinderry, and of " Hillmoimt,"' 
Lisburn, Ireland. Educated : B.A., T.C.D, (First of First Class), 1910 ; M.A., 
1913. Married : July 21st, 1904, at Rathfriland Parish Church, to Margaret 
Holmes, daughter of William Stuart and Charlotte Holmes, of Benburb, Moy, 
Tyrone, Ireland, and Cheetham Hill, Manchester, and has issue one son : 
George Holmes Gibson Bolton, born October 23rd, 1905. Profession : 
Priest, Church of England. Curate of the Parish Church, Pemberton, Lanes. 
Notes : Forefathers in England till the Ulster Settlement, 1612, at which time 
the family of Bolton left Lancashire and settled in County Antrim. The 
Holmes family, of Tyrone, are well known in the Church, army, and legal 
circles, the present head being a well-known Judge of the Irish Bench. 

BOLTON, Rev. Harry Sandford, Vicar of Ravenhead. 

Close House, St. Helens, Lanes, Born : May 4th, 1S58, at Linthwaite, 
Huddersfield, Yorks ; son of John and Sarah Bolton, of Huddersfield. 
Educated : Grammar School, Almondbury, Yorks. ; and St. Aidan's College, 



50 LANCASHIRE 



Birkenhead, Cheshire. Married : April 29th, 1909, to Mary Swanton 
Davidson, daughter of Clear and Elizabeth Davidson, of Sundays Wells, 
Cork, and Youghal, Co. Cork. Appointments : Vicar of Ravenhead, St. 
Helens, Lanes. ; Guardian of Poor, 1893-1910. Publications : " Notes of 
a Tour to Egypt, the Holy Land, Athens, Naples, and Pompei," 1905 ; 
"Thirty Years a Vicar" ; "Reminiscences of Ravenhead," 1913; "Life at 
Linthwaite Fifty Years Ago," 1914. Travelled : France, Italy, Greece, 
Palestine, Egypt, and Canada. Recreations : Study of human nature ; 
collection of antiques. Club : Church, Liverpool. Note : Was appointed 
Vicar of Ravenhead when twenty-six years old. 

BOLTON, Henry Hargreaves, J. P., Company Director. 

Heightside, Newchurch-in-Rossendale, Lanes. Born : June 21st, 1856, 
at St. Kilda, Victoria, Australia ; son of Henry Hargreaves Bolton and Jane 
Bolton. Educated : Cheltenham College, Victoria University, Manchester. 
Married : 1885, to Florence Eliza, daughter of Thomas and Eliza Allen, The 
Manor House, Thurmaston, Leicester, and has issue four sons and four 
daughters : Harry Hargreaves, Capt., 5th East Lanes. (T.F.), killed in 
Gallipoh ; John Bolton, Lieut., 5th East Lanes. (T.F.), killed in Gallipoli ; 
Margery Allen, married to Capt. D. H. Hacking, 5th East Lanes. (T.F.) ; 
Janet Swainson ; Maurice Baldwin, Capt., 5th East Lanes. (T.F.) ; Geoffrey 
George Hargreaves, Lieut., 5th East Lanes. (T.F.) ; Muriel Swainson ; Phyllis 
Edith Hargreaves. Occupation: Managing Partner, Geo. Hargreaves and 
Co., the Rossendale and Accrington Collieries. Appointments : J.P., County 
of Lancaster, 1895 ; RawtenstaU Borough Volunteer Defence Corps ; Member 
of Local Tribunal, RawtenstaU Borough. Recreations : Horticulture and 
farming. Clubs : The Farmers', London ; Union and Old Rectory, Manchester. 

BONKE, Louis Johan Marie, Dutch Consul and Produce Broker. 

26, Brompton Avenue, Sefton Park, Liverpool. Office : 19, Old Hall 
Street, Liverpool. Born : April 15th, 1869, at Rotterdam ; son of Johan 
Jacob Bonke, and Gesina Maria Johanna Francisca Hoelen. Educated : 
Erasmiaansch Gjminasium of Rotterdam, and at School of Commerce, at 
Schapen, Westphalia, Germany. Married : February 27th, 1900, at South- 
port, Lancashire, to Henriette, daughter of Martin Livesey and Maria Louise 
Livesey. Occupation : Dutch Consul, Produce Broker and Merchant. Recrea- 
tions : Croquet, reading, travelling. Note : Fond of antiques, china, and 
furniture. Career : Came to Liverpool in 1891 to learn English and get 
commercial experience, as assistant to previous Netherlands Consul ; was 
appointed Vice-Consul in 1895, and Consul in 1900, on retirement of 
predecessor, Mr. H. S. van Santen ; has been Hon. Treasurer of Consular 
Corps of Liverpool since 1912 ; does import and export business in produce 
with most parts of the globe, and largely with the Dutch East Indies. Wife's 
grandfather, the late Thomas Ainsworth (a civil engineer), introduced the 
textile industry in the Netherlands; when he died, in 1841, he received a 
pubhc funeral from the Province of Overyssel, where this industry has great 
prosperity. 

BONSEY, Rev. William Henry, M.A., Rector of Morecambe. 

The Rectory Morecambe. Born : January 2nd, 1873, at Corfe Vicarage, 
Somerset ; eldest son of Ven. William Bonsey, M.A., Vicar and Archdeacon 
of Lancaster, and Susan Edith Bonsey, daughter of the Rev, R. Yerburgh. 
Educated : The Philberds, Maidenhead ; Forest School ; St. John's College, 
Cambridge. Married : June 22nd, 1909, at Holy Trinity Church, 
Brompton, S.W., to Ernestine Colville Learmonth, eldest daughter of S. J. 
Learmonth-Gilchrist, of 34, Prince's Gardens, S.W., and has issue one son 



BIOGRAPHIES 51 



and one daughter : Ernine Susan Margaret, born June 13th. 1910 ; William, 
bom February 17th, 1912. Appointments : Curate of Prestbury, Cheshire ; 
Curate of Wrentham, Suffolk ; Rector of Morecambe ; Chaplain, 5th Batt., 
King's Own. Travelled : South of France. Recreation : Sailing. Notes : 
Capt., L.M.B.C, 1895 ; Cambridge University Trial Eights, 1894-1896. 

BOOTH, George James, J.P. 

Storrs Hall, Arkholme, near Kirkby Lonsdale. Born : November 28th, 
1848, at Rochdale ; son of James and Eliza Booth, of Elmfield, Rochdale. 
Educated : Rochdale Grammar School and Huddersfield College. Married : 
At Holy Trinity, Heworth, York, to Mary Jane Ouarton, daughter of Thomas 
and Alice Quarton, of York, and has issue three sons and one daughter : 
John March, born October 28th, 1875 ; James, born August 8th, 1877 ; Maud, 
born August 4th, 1879 ; Frank, born July 21st, 1882. Appointments : J. P., 
Rochdale Borough Bench, 1885 ; County of Lancaster, 1907. Travelled : 
Australia, New Zealand, North and South America. Recreations : Various 
outdoor. 

BOOTH, James Ashton, B.Sc, Company Director, Hat Manufacturer. 

Eton VUla, Hooley Hill, near Manchester. 'Phone : 13 Denton. Born : 

April 24th, 1889, at Hooley Hill, near Manchester ; son of James Booth and 

Alice Cooke. Educated : Woodhouse Grove School and Leys School ; B.Sc. 

London). Occupation: Partner in Firm of Wilde and Booth, Denton, Hat 

Manufacturers. Recreation : Lacrosse. 

BOOTH, Major John, J. P., President, Chamber of Commerce. 

Hazel Bank, Turton, near Bolton. Born : 1854, at Blackburn ; eldest 
son of James Booth, J. P., of Turton, Lanes. Educated : Spring Bank, Darwen. 
Married : October 7th, 1880, to Mary Agnes, daughter of R. S. Taylor, of 
Bury, Lanes., and has issue one son and one daughter : Capt.-Adjt. Robert H., 
A.S.C., wounded in Gallipoli (died at Malta, January ist, 1916) ; Margaret 
Robinson. Occupation : Cotton Spinner and Doubler ; Senior Partner in the 
firm of James Booth and Sons, Wellington Mills, Turton. Appointments : 
J. P., Lanes., 1907 ; President of the Bolton Chamber of Commerce. 
Recreations : Photography and Freemasonry. Clubs : Freemasons', Man- 
chester ; Conservative, Bolton ; President, Turton, Edgeworth and Dis- 
trict Working Men's Association. Masonic Lodges : Anchor and Hope, No. 
37, Bolton ; Supera Moras, 3326, Bolton ; Prov. G. Officers' Lodge of East 
Lanes., 3747, Manchester. Notes : Major, 4th Batt., East Lanes. Regt. ; 
interested in Masonic antiques. 

BOOTH, John Cooke, Auctioneer and Valuer. 

Taomina, Manor Drive, West Didsbury, Manchester. 'Phone : 322 
Didsbury. Office : 38, King Street, West Manchester. 'Phone : 4552 City. 
Born : December 9th, 1872, at Manchester ; son of J. James P. Booth and 
Mary Booth. Married : September 4th, 1901, to Lilian Mary, only daughter 
of John and Angelina Bowers, and has issue two daughters : Lilian Doris 
and Kathleen Mary. Occupation : Auctioneer and Valuer ; Fellow of the 
Auctioneers' and Estate Agents' Institute. Appointments : Member of 
Manchester City Council (C), Chorlton-cum-Hardy Ward ; Member of the 
Local Advisory Committee under Lord Derby's Scheme. Masonic Club : 
Doric Lodge, No. 2359. ^^^^ •' Member of the Manchester Rifle Club, Volun- 
teer Training Corps, 



52 LANCASHIRE 



BOOTH, Gapt. Robert Hutchinson, Cotton Spinner and Doubler. 

Horrobin Fold, Turton. Telegrams : 151 Eagley. Born : December 
13th, 1884, at Turton ; eldest son of Major John Booth, V.D., J. P., and Mary 
Agnes Booth. Educated : Bolton Grammar School. Married : January 
30th, 1913, to Elsie Monk, daughter of the late Aithur and Mrs. Monk, of 
Turton. Occupation : Cotton Spinner and Doubler, Jas. Booth and Sons, 
Oxford Street Mill, Ashton-under-Lyne. Recreations : Hunting, golf. Note : 
Captain and Adjt. of Army Service and Transport Column, East Lanes. 
Division. 

BOOTH, Samuel Lawson, R.C.A., J.P. 

Camden House, Roe Lane, Southport. Born : 1836, at Leeds. Edu- 
cated : School of Art, Leeds ; Certificated Art Master, S.K. ; National 
Medallist. Occupation : Portrait Painter. Appointments : J. P., Senior Magis- 
trate for County Borough of Southport. Recreation : Ambulance study 
(Medallist of the St. John's Ambulance). Notes : Presented at Court, St. 
James' Palace, 1901 ; interested in Royal Cambrian Academy of Art. 

BOOTHROYD, William Jolley, J.P. 

30, Leyland Road, Southport. 'Phone: 613. Telegrams: "Boothroyd, 
Southport." Born : 1847, at Southport ; fourth son of the late Samuel 
Boothroyd, J. P., of Southport. Educated : Silcoates School, Yorkshire. 
Married: 1871, to Sarah, daughter of Joseph Carnley, of West Melton, Yorks., 
and has issue two sons and one daughter : Philip Douglas (married) ; 
William Alec (married) ; Alice Dorothea Bryan (married). Occupation: 
Silk Mercer. Appointments: J. P., 1905, Southport; 1910, Lancashire; 
Chairman of Licensing Committee ; Member of Infirmary Board ; Member 
of Free Library and Art Gallery Committee. Recreations : Golf and 
travelhng. Clubs : Hesketh Golf and Southport Liberal. Notes : His son, 
William Alec Boothroyd, on active service in France. 

BOOTLE-WILBRAHAM, The Hon. Rose. 

Blythe Hall, Ormskirk. Born : 1842, at Blythe Hall, Lathom, Orms- 
kirk ; sister of the ist Earl of Lathom ; daughter of the Hon. Richard Bootle 
Wilbraham, M.P., eldest son of ist Lord Skelmersdale (died 1844) — whose 
daughters were raised to rank of Baron's daughters, 1853 — and Jessy, third 
daughter of Sir Richard Brooke, Bart., of Norton Priory, Kalton, Cheshire. 

BOSANOUET, Professor Robert Carr, M.A. (formerly Director of 
British School at Athens) . 

24, Devonshire Road, Liverpool ; and Rock Moor, Alnwick. Liver- 
pool University : Institute of Archaeology, 40, Bedford Street, Liverpool 
('Phone : 1155 Royal). Born : June 7th, 1871, at London ; elder son of 
Charles B. P. Bosanquet, of Rock, Alnwick, and Eliza Isabella, 
daughter of Ralph Carr-Ellison, of Dunston Hill and Hedgeley. Educated : 
Eton ; Trinity College, Cambridge. Married : July 8th, 1902, to Ellen 
S., youngest daughter of Thomas and Lucy Hodgkin, and has issue one 
son and three daughters : Charles Ion Carr, Violet Frances, Helen Diana, 
Lucy Ehsabeth. Appointments : Formerly Director of British School of 
Archaeology at Athens ; Professor of Classical Archaeology in University of 
Liverpool ; Fellow of Society of Antiquaries ; Vice-President of Society for 
the Promotion of Roman Studies. Recreations : Travel and exploration. 
Career : Read Classical Archaeology at Cambridge, 1892-1894, spending six 
months in Greece in 1893 ; Craven Travelhng Student, 1895-1897, attached 
to British School of Archaeology at Athens ; excavated there and in Melos. 



BIOGRAPHIES 53 



Travelled in Italy and in Central and Northern Europe, visiting sites and 
museums. Excavated fort of Housesteads on Roman Wall, 1898. Assistant- 
Director, British School at Athens, 1899 ; Director, 1900-1906. Director 
of Cretan Exploration Fund, and excavated in Crete (Praisos, Palaikastro), 
1901-1904. Excavated at Sparta, 1905-1906. Since 1906, Professor of 
Classical Archaeology in University of Liverpool. Member of Royal Com- 
mission on Ancient Monuments in Wales and Monmouthshire. Agent of 
Serbian Relief Fund in Albania and at Corfu, 19 16. 

BOTTOMLEY, Leonard, M.A., LL.D., Solicitor and Lecturer on Law. 

Spring Bank, Uppermill, Saddleworth. Offices : At Ashton-under-Lyne 
and Manchester. Born : December 22nd, 1873, at Ashton-under-Lyne ; 
eldest son of WilUam Bottomley, of Ashton-under-Lyne, Solicitor, and Sarah 
Buckley, youngest daughter of William Tweedale, of Ashton-under-Lyne. 
Educated : Tettenhall College, Staffordshire, and Owens College, Manchester. 
Profession : Solicitor and Lecturer on Law. Appointments : Clerk to County 
Justices, Saddleworth Division, West Riding ; Lecturer and Tutor in Law at 
the Victoria University of Manchester ; Hon. Secretary of the Ashton-under- 
Lyne and District Infirmary. Travelled : France and Belgium. Recreations : 
Golf and cycling. Club : Union Club, Ashton-under-Lyne. Note : Gold 
Medallist Gymnastics, Owens College, 1894. 

BOURNE, John Howe, Chartered Accountant. 

30, Langdale Road, New Brighton, Wallasey. Born : August i6th, 
1865, at Plymouth ; fifth son of James Pearce Bourne and Caroline Bourne 
(both deceased). Educated: Liverpool College. Married: (Wife deceased), 
and has issue one son and one daughter : Hilda Caroline, born July 26th, 
1895 ; John Pulsford Bourne, born November 12th, 1898. Profession : 
Chartered Accountant (F.C.A.) ; Partner with Lewis and Mounsey, Liverpool, 
London, West Africa ; Director, Sun Building Society ; Elective Auditor. 
Wallasey. Recreation : Cycling. Club : Junior Reform, Liverpool. Note : 
Father an Insurance Branch Manager and Actuary. 

BOUTFLOWER, John Crewe, M.A., Solicitor, Notary Public. 

Well Green, Hale, Cheshire. Office : 11, Spring Gardens, Manchester. 
London Agents : Messrs. Billing and Co. Born : July i8th, 1879, at Bowdon. 
Cheshire ; eldest son of Edward Boutflower, of Well Green, Hale, Cheshire, 
and of Mary Elizabeth, the eldest daughter of William Saxon, C.E., of Castle 
Norwich, and of Oak Alyn, Gwersyllt, Denbighshire. Educated : Shrewsbury 
School and Christ Church, Oxford. Profession : Solicitor and Notary Public. 
Travelled : Norway, Belgium, France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Sicily, Dalmatia, 
Algiers. Recreation : Agriculture. Notes : Member of the Firm of With- 
ington, Petty and Boutflower. Descended from an old Northumbrian family. 

BOWDEN, Ernest Edward, M.R.C.S., L.S.A., Medical Referee. 

29, Bold Street, Warrington. Born : September Qth. 1862, at Patricroft, 
Lanes. ; eldest son of William Bowden, of " Clontarf," Victoria Road, Grap- 
penhall, Warrington, and Eliza Bowden, only daughter of Edward Reddish, 
of Stockport. Educated : Manchester Grammar School ; Owens College, 
Manchester ; University of London. Married : June 8th, 1904. at Stretton. 
Cheshire, to Katie, second daughter of James Hatton. of Hillcliffe, near War- 
rington, and Sarah Higginson. daughter of Thomas Higginson. and has issue 
two sons : W^illiam Ernest, born November i8th, 1908 ; Edward James, 
born May 31st, 1910. Profession : Surgeon. Appointments : Medical 
Examiner of Reserves on Mobilisation (August. 1914^ and of Recruits on 



54 LANCASHIRE 



Enlistment ; Member of Medical Board to examine Reserves called up under 
the Lord Derby Scheme ; Visiting Surgeon to the Lord Derby War Hospital, 
Warrington ; Senior Hon. Surgeon, Warrington Infirmary ; Medical Officer, 
Post Office, Warrington, since 1898; Medical Examiner Superannuation of 
Teachers Act (1898), since 1898 ; Certifying Factory Surgeon, Warrington, 
since 1902 ; Medical Officer, Warrington Training College, since 1902 ; Chair- 
man, Local Medical Committee, National Insurance Act (1911) ; Medical 
Referee, Workmen's Compensation Act, since 1907. Medical Adviser to the 
Local and General Munitions' Tribunal for Warrington District. Travelled : 
Switzerland. Recreations : Tennis, bowling. 

BOWDEN, Councillor Hugh Hunter, G.A. 

Cranleigh, Lapwing Lane, Didsbury, Manchester. Offices : 3, York 
Street, Manchester; and 42, Mosley Street, Newcastle-on-Tyne. Born: 
At Gateshead ; son of Thomas Bowden, J. P., and Margaret E. Bovvden. 
Married : August 14th, 1907, to Annie Grace Stephenson, daughter of John 
Atlantic Stephenson (deceased), and Ellen Grace Stephenson, and has issue 
two children. Occupation: Chartered Accountant. Appointment: Member 
of Manchester City Council (C), Didsbury Ward. Recreation : Gardening. 
Clubs : Chairman of Didsbury Conservative Club ; Member of W. Didsbury 
Conservative Club ; Chairman of East Didsbury Rifle Club ; Junior Consti- 
tutional, London ; Engineers' Club, Manchester ; Arts Club, Manchester ; 
Conservative Club, Newcastle-on-Tyne ; Albert Park Bowling Club, Didsbury. 
Masonic Lodge : Lord Stanley, No, 2891. Note: Leader of two Companies, 
Special Constables, Manchester Special Police. 

BOWNESS, George, Governor, Lancaster Royal Grammar School. 

61, North Road, Lancaster. Born : January 14th, 1836, at Lancaster ; 
son of William Bowness and Agnes Bowness. Educated : British School and 
self culture. Occupation : Watch and Clock Maker. Appointments : Alder- 
man of Lancaster, November 9th, 1900, and a Governor of the Lancaster 
Royal Grammar School ; Member of Local Council, November ist, 1884. Note : 
Family is from Westmorland on both sides ; mother's name before marriage, 
Leighton ; grandfather from Melkinthorpe, near Penrith. 

BRADSHAW, Harold Chalton, R.LB.A. 

" Hillside," Heathfield Road, Liverpool ; British School in Rome. Born : 
February 15th, 1893 ; eldest son of John H. Bradshaw. Educated : Univ^ersity 
of Liverpool (Architecture), Holt Scholarship, 1913 ; Lever Prizeman, 1913 ; 
" Grand Prix de Rome," 1913 ; first student to gain this new Government 
Award, which carries £200 a year for three years with Studios in Rome ; 
previously obtained Hon. Mention and second place for the Soane Medallion 
in 1913 and 1914. Appointments : Member, Royal Institute of British 
Architects ; Sandon Studios Society. Recreations : Swimming and tennis. 
Club : Sandon, Liverpool. Career : Recently won a Competition organised 
by the Corporation of Liverpool for a new park in Walton. The scheme 
(;f45,ooo) is to be carried out at the termination of the War. Lieut. Royal 
Engineers (T.). 

BRADSHAW, Thomas Robert, M.D., F.R.C.P., Senior Physician 
Royal Infirmary. 

51, Rodney Street, Liverpool ; Nerquis Hall, Flintshire. Born : August 
29th, 1857, at Leamington ; son of John Webb Bradshaw, of Dublin, and 
Sarah Houghton, daughter of Thomas Henry Waters, of Northampton. 
Educated : Rathmines School ; Dublin University ; Adelaide Hospital, Dublin ; 



BIOGRAPHIES 55 



and University College Hospital, London ; M.D., B.A. (Dublin) ; F.R.C.P. 
(Lond.). Married : 1904, at Liverpool, to Rose Mary, daughter of Prof. 
T. R. Glynn, M.D., F.R.C.P., of Liverpool, and Nerquis Hall, Flintshire, and 
Octavia, daughter of Henry de Paiva. Profession: Physician. Appointments: 
Senior Physician, Liverpool Royal Infirmary; Major a la Suite, R.A.M.C. (T.); 
Consulting Physician, Samaritan Hospital for Women ; Hon. Exam. Physician 
Queen Alexandra's Sanatorium, Davos ; President of Liverpool Medical Insti- 
tution, 1910-1911. Publications : Numerous contributions to medical 
periodicals. Recreations : Photography, motoring, travel. Club : Athenaeum, 
Liverpool. Notes : Sometime Examiner in Medicine, University of London. 
Nephew of the late Dr. A. T. H. Waters, of Liverpool. 

BRAMWELL, William, M.A., M.D., B.A., M.B., B.Ch., B.A.O. 

21, Upper Duke Street, Rodney Street, Liverpool. Born : July 13th, 
1867, at Liverpool ; third son of James Bramwell, Chemist, of Liverpool, 
and Elizabeth, second daughter of James Steele, of Burslem, Staffs. Edu- 
cated : Liverpool Institute ; Ashville College, Harrogate ; Dublin University, 
Married : March 23rd, 1893, at Oldham, to Lillie, eldest daughter of the Rev. 
J. B. Stoneman, late of Oldham, and Sarah Williams, daughter of Robert 
John Willliams, of Liverpool, and has issue three sons : James, bom 
November 3rd, 1894 ; John, born April i8th, 1896 ; Robert, bom November 
i6th, 1899. Profession: Physician. Author: Pamphlet on Gout, Contribu- 
tions to medical journals and other publications. 

BRANDWOOD, John, Inventor, Chairman of Manufacturing Compy 

Brandlesholme, Bury, Managing Director, Elton Cop Dyeing Co., Ltd. 
Born : May 26th, 1868, at Turton, near Bolton ; of Lancashire ancestors 
dating three hundred years back. Educated : Turton, and at Bur}' and 
Manchester Technical Schools. Married, and has issue three children, of 
which the eldest, a boy aged 20, is now at the front, despatch riding. Occu- 
pation : In the dyeing business. He early saw the great possibilities of dyeing 
in the compact form, thus saving much labour and cost. In 1900 he created 
the Elton Cop Dyeing Co., whose property now covers over ten acres and 
employs several hundreds of workpeople, and who are now doing their share 
in providing our men at the front with warm clothing, for they are not only 
Dyers, but also Spinners of Coloured Cotton and Woollen Mixture Yarns for 
all sorts of clothing. Inventor of Cop and Beam Dyeing Machmery that is 
revolutionising the Coloured Textile Trade of the world. Appointments : 
Chairman of the Union Manufacturing Co., manufacturers of Union and Cotton 
Goods (750 looms) ; Director of Twin Bobbin Sewing Machine Co., Ashton- 
under-Lyne. Manufacturers of the only two-Reel Sewing Machine in the 
world, and which will shortly revolutionise the Sewing Machine Trade; 
Director of Hayes Universal Printing Machinery Co., Ltd., London and 
Ramsbottom, the only system of printing lithographically continuously. 
Recreations : Greenhouse and garden. 

BREAKELL, Frederic Wade W., ex-President, Salford Harriers. 

149, Stockport Road, Levenshulme, Manchester. Born : At Salford ; 
son of John Breakell. Educated : Grammar School. Married : March, 1883, 
to Mary Wormald, and has issue three sons and two daughters. Appoint- 
ments : On Manchester City Council (C), Levenshulme S. Ward. Recreation : 
Late President, Salford Harriers ; connected with amateur sport many years, 
and now a judge ; winner of over five thousand Firsts, Cup and Medals, 
with dogs and poultry ; winner, two years in succession, with Champion 



56 LANCASHIRE 



" Killamey Sport," for Champion of Champions at the Palace, 1909-1910. 
Clubs : Arts Club, Manchester. Masonic Lodge : at present unattached ; 
Mother Lodge, 1052 Calendar. Notes : Member of Societies too numerous to 
mention ; Special Constable ; engaged on Recruiting. 

BRERETON, Rev. Neville, B.A., LL.B. 

Worcester House, 173, Liverpool Road, Birkdale, Southport. Born : 
At Carrington, Cheshire ; son of William Edwin (Schoolmaster) and Hannah 
Brereton, Educated : Owens College ; and Wycliffe Hall, Oxford ; Trained 
and Certificated Master ; B.A. (Vict.), 1898 ; Registered Secondary School- 
master, 1911 ; LL.B. (Liverpool Univ.), First Class, 1914. Profession : Clerk 
in Holy Orders ; Ordained by the Bishop of Liverpool, Deacon, 1904 ; Priest, 
1905 ; formerly Assistant-Master, Birley Secondary School, Manchester, 
1898-1903 ; Curate of St. Simon and St. Jude's, Anfield, Liverpool, 1904-1908, 
Fairfield, Liverpool, 1908-1915 ; Curate-in-Charge of Fairfield, 1915 ; Curate 
of St. John, Birkdale, Southport, from August ist, 1915. Recreation : Angling. 
Clubs : Manchester (Owens), and Liverpool Clerical Society. 

BRETHERTON, Rev. Humphrey, B.A. 

Eccleston Rectory, Chorley. Born : August 24th, 1889, at Eccleston 
Rectory, Chorley ; son of Humphrey William Bretherton, and Edith Beata 
Garden. Educated : Rugby, and Trinity College, Cambridge ; B.A., Third 
Class, Theological Tripos. Profession : Clerk in Holy Orders. Recreations : 
Beagling and golf. 

BREWER, Leonard, Artist. 

33, Mayfield Road, Whalley Range, Manchester. Born : April i8th, 
1875, at Manchester ; son of Alfred and Lucy Ellen Brewer. Profession : 
Artist, various media. Represented in the permanent collection of the 
Manchester City Art Gallery by an etching which the Art Gallery Committee 
purchased in 1914. 

BREWIS, Betram, B.A., LL.B. (Lend.). Solicitor, Clerk to Justices. 

Windle Cottage, St. Helens. Born : September i6th, 1868, at St. Helens ; 
son of Thomas Brewis, Town Clerk and Magistrates' Clerk, St. Helens. 
Educated: Shrewsbury School ; B.A. , LL.B. London University. Married: 
November 17th, 1898, to Helena Jane, daughter of the late John Shaw, of 
Eccleston Hall, St. Helens. Appointments : SoUcitor ; Clerk to Justices for 
Borough of St. Helens. Recreation : Golf. 

BRIDGE, Joseph William, J.P. 

Wellfield, Accrington. Born 1846. Occupation : Iron Merchant and 
Ironmonger. Appointment : J.P. for Lanes., 1906. 

BRIDSON, Harry. 

Bridge House, Bolton. Born : November 26th, 1848, at Bolton ; eldest 
son of Thomas Ridgway Bridson, J.P., for Bolton and County Lanes., Bridge 
House, Bolton, and Rockend, Torquay (died 1904), and Mary, daughter of 
Richard Smith, Poulton Manor, Cheshire, and Bankfield, near Ulverston (died 
1856). Educated: Rossall ; and University College, Oxford ; M.A. Married: 
1875, to Katharine, daughter of James P. Fletcher, of Atherton and South- 
port, and has issue one son and one daughter : Thomas Ridgway Bridson, 
born 1877, M.A., Univ. Coll. Oxon., and Mary Bridson. Occupation : Bleacher 
of Cotton Cloth (T. R. Bridson and Sons, Ltd., Bolton Bleach Works) ; a 
Director of Bleachers' Association, Ltd. Travelled : Europe generally, 



BIOGRAPHIES 57 



and South Africa. Recreations : Hunting and riding. Club : Union, Man- 
chester. Note : Paul Bridson, Mr. Bridson's great-grandfather, the head of 
an old Manx family, in 1792 married Mary, daughter of Thomas Ridgway, 
of Wallsuches, Horwich, who was the first to apply to commercial uses the 
newly discovered chlorine process of bleaching. Since that time several of 
Paul's descendants have been engaged in the business of bleaching. 

BRIERLEY, Charles Frederick, Building Society Trustee. 

Blainsco Lodge, Whalley Range, Manchester. Office : Dalton Chambers, 
41, John Dalton Street, Manchester. 'Phone : 4950 Central. Telegrams : 
" Finance." Born : 1859, at Manchester ; son of Geo. Randle Brierley, 
descendant of an old Manchester family. Occupation : Estate Agent and 
Valuer. Fellow of the Auctioneers' and Estate Agents' Institute. Appoint- 
ment : Trustee of the Manchester and Salford Permanent Building Society. 
founded 1832. Recreation: Botany. Notes: An expert in all matters relating 
to land and property ; has many times given evidence before the Committee 
of both Houses of ParUament. Secretary and Founder of Manchester, Salford 
and District Property Owners' Association. 

BRIGGS, Rev. George Cecil, M.A. 

Christ Church Vicarage, Latchford, Warrington. Born : May 25th, 
1872, at Gorefield, Seedley, near Manchester ; son of Thomas Briggs, J. P.. 
Stoneleigh, Salford, and Mina Morris (n6e Cardell). Educated: Moravian 
School, Neuwied, Germany ; and Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge; B.A., 
1894 ; M.A., 1899. Married : April 23rd, 1907, at Christ Church, Latchford, 
to Rachel Mary Theodora, daughter of John Fairclough, J. P., of Latchford 
Grange, Warrington, and has issue two sons and one daughter : Mary Theodora, 
bom 1908; George Cardell, born 1910; Robert Oswald, born 1915. 
Appointments : Vicar of Christ Church, Latchford, Warrington, 1904 ; 
Ordained Deacon by Bishop of Chester in 1895 and Priest in 1896 ; Curate 
of St. Barnabas', Crewe, 1895-1897 ; St. John Baptist, Chester, 1897-1904 ; 
Chaplain to Mayor of Warrington, 1908-1910 ; Member of Warrington 
Education Committee, August, 1912; Chaplain and Hon. Treasurer, Raddon 
Court Hospital (B.R.C.S.), 1914. Travelled : France, Germany, Belgium, and 
Portugal, 

BRIGGS, Prof. Henry, M.B., F.R.C.S. 

3, Rodney Street, Liverpool ; Sandhurst, Hoylake, Cheshire. Born : 
May loth, 1856, at Pilkington ; son of James and Mary Briggs. Educated : 
Private Schools and Manchester Grammar Schools; M.B., F.R.C.S. (Eng.). 
Married : April 26th, 1892, to Annie Rosalie, daughter of Egerton F. Hall. 
M.D., and has issue two daughters : Enid MiUicent and Mary Kathleen. 
Profession : Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Liverpool University. 
Appointment : Member of the Central Midwives' Board. Publications : 
Numerous Articles on Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Recreations : Golf, 
shooting, fishing. Club : Royal Liverpool Golf. 

BRIGGS, Canon Rawdon, M.A., V.D. 

Clapham Vicarage, Yorkshire. Telegrams : Clapham, Yorks. Born : 
1853, at Eastfield, Northumberland ; son of Rawdon and Louisa Briggs. 
Educated : Appuldurcombe College, Isle of Wight ; Winchester College ; and 
St. John's College. Oxford. Appointm-ent : Senior Chaplain, Yorks Territorial 
Forces. Recreation : Fishing, shooting, cricket. Clubs : Bradford and 
County Conservative. Note : Engaged in recruiting, and locad war work. 



58 LANCASHIRE 



BRIGGS, Capt. William, J.P., Commissioner of the Port of Lancaster. 

The Vale, Lancaster. Born : November 22nd, 1858, at Morecambe ; 
second son of Robert and Mary Ann Briggs (nee Balderston), of Lancaster. 
Educated : Friends' School, Lancaster. Married : August 13th, 1889, at 
Parish Church, Lancaster, to Mary Alice, daughter of the late Richard 
Stanton, of Lancaster, and has issue one son : William Noel, bom 
August I2th, 1893 (educated at Sedbergh and Queen's College, Oxford.) 
Appointments: Mayor of Lancaster, elected November, 1913, 1914, 1915; 
J.P, for County of Lanes,; Councillor, Lancaster Corporation, elected 
November ist, 1905 ; Commissioner of the Port of Lancaster ; Governor 
of the Girls' Grammar School, Lancaster ; Member of Committee of Governors, 
Royal Lancaster Infirmary ; Chairman of Recruiting Committee ; Chairman 
of Local Military Tribunal, but resigned this position on being appointed 
member of the Appeal Tribunal for the County of Lancaster. Travelled : 
France, Italy, Switzerland, Austrian Tyrol, Norway, Belgium. Recreations : 
Golf, fishing, travel. Club : County, Lancaster. Note : Owns land in 
Lancaster and West Riding of Yorkshire. Mrs. M. A. Briggs (wife of W. 
Briggs, J. P.), when Mayoress, took great interest in the welfare of our local 
soldiers, and raised funds to supply them with comforts whilst serving abroad ; 
also in providing a " Hut " for Women Munition Workers ; the relief of 
distress at outbreak of war ; is Governor of Girls' Grammar School, and a 
Member of Education Committee. Their only son (Wm. Noel Briggs), who was 
an undergraduate at Queen's College, Oxford, joined the 5th Batt., The King's 
Own Royal Lancaster Regt. (T.F.), on August 4th, 1914, as 2nd Lieut., went 
out with his Battalion to France on February 14th, 1915, and has been there 
ever since that time (except for short leaves) ; is now Capt. in command of 
his company, and has been mentioned in despatches. 

BRIGHT, Allan Heywood, J.P., ex-M.P., Company Director. 

Ashfield, Knotty Ash, Lanes. Born : 1862 ; eldest son of Henry Arthur 
Bright, of Liverpool. Educated : Harrow. Married : To Edith, youngest 
daughter of Alfred Turner, of Liverpool, and has issue one daughter : Edith 
Honora. Occupation : Director of Rogers and Bright, Ltd., Iron and Tinplate 
Merchants, and Steamship Agents, Liverpool. Appointments : J.P. for Liver- 
pool ; formerly M.P. (L.), West Salop, 1904-1906. Recreation : Shooting. 
Clubs : Athenaeum ; National Liberal. Note : Interested in Book collecting. 

BRIGHT, John Albert, J.P. 

One Ash, Rochdale ; Bright's Farm, Christian Malford, Wilts. Born : 
1848 ; eldest son of the Right Hon. John Bright, M.P. (died 1889), of One 
Ash, Rochdale. Educated : Grove House, Tottenham ; University College, 
London. Married : 1883, to Edith Eckersley, daughter of the late William 
Tuer Shawcross, of Foxholes, Rochdale, and has issue, one son and one 
daughter : Hester Elizabeth (Mrs. Harold D. Darbishire) and John 
Arthington. Appointments: J.P. for Lanes., and the Borough of Rochdale. 
Club : Reform. 

BRINDLE, Joseph Fleury, B.A., Preparatory Schoolmaster. 

Oxford House, South Drive, St. Anne's-on-the-Sea. Born : January 
23rd, 1866, at Bacup, Lanes. ; only son of Joseph Furnivall Brindle, M.A., 
Vicar of St. John's, Bacup, and Sarah Brindle. Educated : Private tuition ; 
King William's College, Isle of Man ; Jesus College, Oxford, where he held a 
foundation Scholarship (the Abbott University Scholarship), and took a 
Second Class in Honour Mods., and a Third Class in Lit. Hum. Profession : 
Preparatory Schoolmaster. Travelled : Nova Scotia, 1877, and Switzerland, 



BIOGRAPHIES 59 



1898. Recreations : Cycling, tennis. Club : St. Anne's Tennis. Note : 
Descendant of the Brindles, of Brindle (Chorley, Lanes.), Protestant Branch ; 
the Romish Branch is well represented by Bishop Brindle, D S.O., of 
Nottingham. 

BRITCLIFFE, Albert Edward, Solicitor, Director. 

Holly House, Clayton-le-Moors ; and at Accrington. Born: 1864, at 
Accrington ; son of William Britcliffe, of Accrington, and Hannah, daughter 
of James Smalley, of Smalley Thorne, Great Harwood, Lanes. Married : 
1890, to Margaret, eldest daughter of Henry Bury-Wilkinson, of Oswaldwistle, 
and has issue three sons and two daughters : Frank, Kathleen, Albert William, 
Hannah Smalley, Henry Bury. Profession : Solicitor. Appointments : 
Director of the Clayton Mill Building Co., Ltd. ; J. Pragot, Ltd., of Manchester ; 
and Collisoms, Ltd., Preston. 

BROAD, Capt. William Henry, M.D., Fellow of Royal Inst, of 
Anthropology. 

17, Rodney Street, Liverpool. Born : September 13th, 1875, at Man- 
chester ; son of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Broad, Princes Park, Liverpool. Notes : 
Lecturer in Physical Anthropology, University of Liverpool ; Surgeon-in- 
Charge, Orthopaedic Department, Northern Hospital, Liverpool; Capt., 6th 
Rifle Batt. King's (Liverpool) Regt. Educated : Liverpool Institute and 
privately ; Liverpool University; Stockholm ; M.D. Liverpool ; M.B., Ch.B., 
Victoria ; Fellow Royal Institute of Anthropology. Married : September 
30th, 1912, at St. Luke's, Liverpool, to Cynthia, daughter of H. Morgan- 
Hawkes, of Unley Park, Adelaide, South Australia. Publications : " The 
Skeleton of an Aboriginal Australian " {Journal of Anatomy) ; " Massage and 
Exercise Treatment " ; " Exercise in Knee Injuries " ; " Skull Form and 
Heredity" {Liverpool Medico-Chirurgical Journal). Travelled: U.S.A., 
Australia, South Africa, Northern Europe, Canada. Recreations : Golf and 
riding. Club : Reform, Liverpool. 

BROADBENT, Rev. John William, M.A. 

Gannow Vicarage, Padiham Road, Burnley. Born : At Hubberton, 
Sowerby, Sowerby Bridge ; son of James Broadbent, and Sarah, daughter 
of John Heap, of Parkin Hall, Triangle, Halifax. Educated : Scholar of 
Bairstow's Grammar School, Sowerby ; University of Cambridge, B.A. 
1899 ; M.A. 1903 ; Ordained Deacon by the Bishop of Manchester, 1899 ; 
Priest, 1900. Married : At St. Peter's, Sowerby, to Gertrude, daughter of 
John Wilson, Highfield Place, Sowerby, and has issue one son and one 
daughter : Sarah Constance, born 1906 ; John Basil Kaye, born 191 2. 
Appointments : Curate of St. James's, Burnley, 1899-1902 ; Bury Parish 
Church, 1902-1905 ; Bolton Parish Church, 1905-1909 ; Burnley Parish 
Church, 1909-1910 ; Vicar of Fence-in-Pendle, 1910-1912 ; Vicar of St. John 
the Baptist, Gannow, Burnley, 1912 ; Surrogate Diocese of Manchester, 1912. 
Member of the Barrowford Education Committee, County Council of Lanes., 
1910-1912. Member Diocesan Conference, 1913. 

BROCK, Rev. George Albert, B.A., Congregational Minister. 

Lynwood Harbour Road, Waterloo, Liverpool. Born : 1854, at London ; 
son of George Albert Brock, Merchant, of London, and Georgiana Stillwell. 
Educated: Cheshunt College, formerly in Herts., now at Cambridge; B.A. 
(London University). Married : To M. C. Winzar, daughter of G. I. W. 
Winzar, for many years Swordbearer to the City of London. Profession : 
Congregational Minister, formerly of Selhurst, South London ; for the past 
twenty-four years of Waterloo, near Liverpool. 



6o LANCASHIRE 



BROCKLEBANK, Ernest, J. P., Manufacturer. 

The Forge House, Caton, Lancaster. 'Phone : i8 Caton. Telegrams : 
" Brocklebank," Caton. Born : 1875, at Kendal ; eldest son of T. Harrison 
Brocklebank, of Caton, Lanes. Married : 1903, to Bertha, daughter of 
Robinson Hutton, of Burnett Field, Bradford. Occupation : Manufacturer. 
Appointment : J. P. for Lanes., 1909. Recreation : Motoring. Masonic 
Lodges : Duke of Lancaster, No. 1353 (P.M.), Fortitude, No. 281, and Royal 
Arch Chapter. 

BROCKLEBANK, Sir Aubrey, Bart., Shipowner and Director. 

Nunemere, Sandiway, Cheshire ; Irton Hall, Holmrook, Cumberland ; 
and Cunard Building, Liverpool. Born : 1873 ; son of Sir Thomas Brocklebank 
and Agnes, daughter of the late Sir James Allport. Educated : Eton and 
Trinity College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1894. Married : 1898, to Grace May 
Jackson, daughter of The Right Hon. Lord AUerton, and has issue two sons 
and one daughter : Thomas Aubrey Lawies, born 1899 ; Angela Grace, born 
1908; and John Montague, born 1915. Appointments : Chairman, Liverpool 
S.S. Owners' Association, 1906 ; Chairman of T. and J. Brocklebank, Ltd., 
Merchants and Shipowners ; Director, Cunard Steamship Company, Anchor 
Line, Ltd., Liverpool and London Globe Insurance Co., Ltd., and Bank of 
Liverpool ; J. P. for Cumberland. Clubs : Orleans and Palatine, Liverpool. 

BROCKLEHURST, Frederick, M.A., Barrister -at -Law. 

" Lowfield," Hazel Grove, Cheshire ; 2, Booth Street, Manchester. 
'Phone : City 6896. Born : February ist, 1866, at Macclesfield, Cheshire ; 
son of Joseph Boulton and Hannah Brocklehurst. Educated : Graduated 
in Honours, Cambridge University, 1892 ; M.A. (Cantab.). Married : January 
8th, 1903, to Florence, third daughter of William Mills, of Manchester, and 
has issue three sons and two daughters : Eileen Florence, Laurence Frederick, 
Kathleen Frances, Bernard William, and Geoffrey Rainsford. Profession : 
Barrister-at-Law. Appointments : Past-President, Manchester Statistical 
Society ; formerly Member of the Manchester City Council and School Board. 
Publications : " I was in Prison," a record of experience ; magazine and 
newspaper articles, etc. Recreations : Reading and travelling. Clubs : 
Manchester Constitutional and Press ; Masonic Lodge : Lord Stanley, No. 
2891 ; Past Provincial Grand Registrar of Province of East Lanes. Career : 
At one time read for Holy Orders ; became PoUtician and Publicist ; fought 
several Parliamentary Elections ; prospective Candidate for Prestwich 
Division of Lanes, in the Unionist interest. Travelled extensively : through 
France, calling at Paris, Lyon Orange, Nimes, Tarascon, Avignon, Aries, 
Marseilles, Port Vendres ; Algiers, Bona, Oran, South-west Austria, Trieste, 
Miramar ; through Italy from Venice to Florence, Rome, Naples, Bari, 
Biscelya ; Belgium ; Holland ; Prussia and Saxony ; Iceland ; and Portugal. 
Notes : Company Commander, Knutsford Batt., Cheshire Volunteer Regt., 
formerly Capt., 4th V^B. Manchester Regt. Has six nephews at the Front ; 
one wounded in action. Military Representative for Hazel Grove and Bram- 
hall District of Cheshire; Chairman of Prisoners of War Committee of the 
Lancashire County War Comforts Association ; Chairman Civilian Prisoners' 
Relief Fund for Lancashire and Cheshire. 

BROCKLEHURST, George, Steamship and Insurance Company 
Director. 

20, Alexandra Drive, Sefton Park, Liverpool. Born : 1865, at Liverpool ; 
son of Robert Brocklehurst. Educated : Harrow ; France and Germany for 
languages. Married : July 6th, 1898, to Mi.ss Calder. daughter of James 



BIOGRAPHIES 6i 



Calder, of Liverpool, and has issue three sons and one daughter. Appoint- 
ments : Director of : R. Singlehurst and Co., Ltd., The Booth S.S. Co., Ltd., 
and Union Marine Insurance Co., Ltd. ; Member of 5th Lanes. Volunteers ; 
also temporarily as Special Constable. Club : Exchange. 

BRODRICK, Harold, M.A. (Oxen.), F.G.S., Barrister-at-Law. 

Braida Garth, 5, Bickerton Road, Birkdale ; 25, Lord Street, Liverpool. 
Born : 1872, at Liverpool ; son of Mr. and Mrs. G. B. Smith-Brodrick, of 
Streonshalh, Birkdale. Educated : Rugby and Christ Church, Oxford ; 
M.A., F.G.S. Married : 1902, at Saddleworth, Yorks., to Mary E., daughter 
of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Hoyle, Manchester, and has issue, one daughter : 
Barbara, born 1904. Appointments : Barrister-at-Law ; Member of Birkdale 
U.D.C., 1902-1911 ; Chairman, 1910-1911 ; Councillor, Southport Borough 
Council, 1911 to date ; Mayor, 1912-1913. Publications : Numerous Geological 
Papers. Travelled : Russia, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Switzerland, 
Germany, Belgium. Recreations : Climbing and cave exploration. Clubs : 
Numerous Climbing and Scientific, Notes : Lieut., National Reserve Guard, 
Isle of Man Service Company. 

BRODSKY, Dr. Adolph, Principal of the Royal Manchester College 
of Music. 

3, Laurel Mount, Bowdon, Cheshire ('Phone : 145 Altrincham). Born : 
March 21st, 1851, in Russia; son of David and Rachel Brodsky (Russians). 
Education : Received the Honorary Degree of Mus. Doc. at Victoria University, 
Manchester, 1902. Married : 1880, to Anna de Skadovsky, daughter of 
Colonel Leon de Skadovsky and Maria his wife (Russians). Occupation : 
Principal of the Royal Manchester College of Music since 1895 ; Lecturer on 
Music in Manchester University. After leaving the Vienna Conservatoire 
in 1866, he entered as a member of the Vienna Court Orchestra ; conductor 
of the Kiev Symphony Society, 1878-1880. Professor at the Leipsic Con- 
servatoire, 1883-1891 ; toured in the U.S. America, 1891-1894. Recreations : 
Chess and bowling. Clubs : Manchester Chess, Bowdon Bowling and Lawn 
Tennis Club. 

BROGDEN, Oliver, Member of Law Society, Manager of Savings 
Bank. 

The Homestead, Leigh. Office : Union Bank Chambers, Leigh, Lanes. 
Born : May 28th, 1879, at Hyde, Cheshire ; son of Thomas Walburn Brogden, 
of Leigh, Lanes., formerly of Hyde, Cheshire, and Sarah, youngest daughter 
of Saul Nathan, of Manchester. Educated : Private School at Leigh, formerly 
kept by the late J. Charlton, M.A., and afterwards by the late Dr. Karfoot, 
M.A. Profession : Solicitor. Admitted, July, 1904. Member of the Law 
Society ; Member of the Navy League ; Member of the Overseas Club ; a 
Manager of the Leigh Savings Bank ; Secretary, Church Defence, Leigh 
District. London Agents : Burgess Cosens and Co., of 5, Laurence Pountney 
Hill, E.C. 

BROMLEY, James, J. P., Chairman of Sessions. 

The Homestead, Lathom, Ormskirk, Lanes. Born : November loth, 
1839, at Liverpool ; son of John and Mary Bromley, Liverpool. Educated : 
Liverpool Collegiate and privately. Married : October ist, 1867, at Orms- 
kirk Church, to Jane, only daughter of James and Margaret Berry, of Merridale, 
Burscough. Appointments : J. P. for Lanes., 1901 ; Chairman, Ormskirk 



LANCASHIRE 



Sessions since 1910. Publications : Contributor to Literary Press and 
Historical Publications. Travelled : South Africa, Greece, Turkey, and most 
European Countries. Recreations : Yachting, motoring, travel, literature. 
Note : Owns property in several parts of Lancashire. 

BRONNERT, Jules Henri, Shipping Merchant. 

Dairy ; The Beeches, West Didsbury. Office : Henry Bronnert and Co., 
56, Princess Street, Manchester. 'Phone : No. 901. Born : March 3rd, 
1871, at Strasburg, Alsace ; son of David and Catherine Bronnert, 
Educated : Strasburg. Alsace, and Paris. Married ■ February 15th, 1898. 
to Gertrude Emmeline, daughter of John and S. A. Boon, and has issue 
three sons : Ralph, Arnold, and David. Career : The firm of Messrs. Henry 
Bronnert and Co., Shipping Merchants, of 56, Princess Street, Manchester, 
has occupied a leading position in mercantile circles for many years past, 
the business having been established in the year 1898 by the present 
principal and sole proprietor, Mr. Henry Bronnert, who is always at the 
head of affairs. The firm are engaged in the shipment of Manchester 
goods generally, and so widespread and thoroughly organised is their 
connection that, practically, they may be said to do business in all countries. 
They have, more particularly, cultivated with success the trade with South 
America, India, and China. The firm are members of the Manchester 
Exchange and also of the Manchester Chamber of Contmierce, and British 
Chamber of Commerce, Paris. 

BROOK, David, M.A., D.C.L. (Oxon.), Principal of Training College. 

United Methodist College, Victoria Road, Manchester. Born : 1854, at 
Elland ; son of Joseph and Martha Elsworth Brook. Educated : Crossley 
Schools, Hahfax ; Free Methodist College, Owens College, Manchester ; 
Oxford University. Married : (i) Mary Emily, daughter of the Rev. G. 
Robinson ; (2) Julia Birch, daughter of David Annan, Esq. Profession : 
Principal, United Methodist Colleges for Students Training for the Ministry. 
Publications : " Oxford Methodists in New History of Methodism " ; " i-ioo 
A.D. " ; and many Sermons. Recreation : Golf. Club : Athenaeum, 
Manchester. Note: Past-President, Free Methodist Church and National 
Free Church Council. 

BROOK, John, Organist and Director of Music. 

" Carlowrie," 115, Duke Street, Southport. Born : February 14th, 1863, 
at Elland, Yorkshire ; son of John Wm. and Emma Brook, of Waterloo 
House, Elland, Yorkshire. Educated : Grace Ramsden's School. Elland ; and 
at Putney, London. Married : August 20th, 1890, at Halifax Parish Church, 
to Sarah, eldest daughter of Benjamin Kaye, Manufacturer, Elland, and has 
issue one son and one daughter : Ethel Mary, born November 12th, 1891 ; 
John Harold, born July 14th, 1893. Profession : Professor of Music, Com- 
poser, and Organist. Appointments : Organist and Director of the Music 
at St. Philip's Church, Southport, etc ; Musical Critic, Southport Visiter ; 
Member of Southport Town Council since 1912. Publications : Contributor to 
various journals on matters musical ; composer of much Church music, piano- 
forte pieces, songs, etc. ; Editor of Original Introits ; sometime Editor of 
Lancashire Musical Review. Travelled : Extensively and throughout Great 
Britain. Recreations : Literature, book collecting. The possessor of a really 
fine hbrary of musical books, ancient and modem. Club : Conservative, 
Southport. Notes : Ardent Freemason ; member of many Lodges in Lanca- 
shire and Yorkshire ; Past Master in several Lodges and the recipient of Pro- 
vincial Honours in numerous degrees of Freemasonry. Founder of the 
Southport and District Organists' Association ; prominently connected with 



BIOGRAPHIES 63 



the Incorporated Society of Musicians, and sometime a member of the General 
Council of the Society; Founder of the National Union of Organists' 
Associations; Editor National Union "Quarterly Record." Previous 
appointments as Organist have been as follow : Bethesda Church, Elland, 
Yorks. ; St. Stephen's Church, Copley ; St. Paul's Church, King Cross, 
Hahfax ; Wesleyan Church, Elland, Yorks. ; Hoghton Street Church, South- 
port. Formerly Choirmaster of St. Mark's Church, Scarisbrick, Ormskirk, 
and was for fifteen years Choirmaster at West Vale Baptist Church. 
Secretary, Southport Vocal and Instrumental Competitive Festival. 
Formerly member of Elland-cum-Greetland Burial Board. 

BROOMFIELD, Rev. Richard Francis, Wesleyan Minister. 

42, Hallville Road, Mossley Hill, Liverpool. Born : March 15th, 1849, 
at Biggleswade, Beds. ; son of the Rev. R. W. Broomfield. Educated : 
Privately, and at Headingley College. Married : To Frances Ehzabeth, 
daughter of the Rev. John Booth, and has issue one son and two daughters. 
Appointments : Wesleyan Minister since 1873 ; Poor Law Guardian ; Witness 
before Poor Law Commission ; Prison and Army Chaplain ; Delegate to 
Wesleyan Methodist (Ecumenical Conference, Toronto, 191 1. Publications : 
Contributor to magazines and newspapers on Social questions. Notes : 
Specially interested in prison reform and the preventive and reformative 
treatment of juvenile offenders, has visited prisons in Spain, Germany, Den- 
mark, Holland, Norway, Sweden, Belgium, Canada, and the United States, 
and studied the provision for the poor in some of those countries. 

BROWN, Sir Alexander Hargreaves, Bart., J.P., ex-M.P. 

12, Grosvenor Gardens, London, S.W. ; Broome Hall, Holmwood, Surrey. 
Born : 1844, at Beilby Grange, Yorkshire ; third son of Alexander Brown, 
of Beilby Grange, Yorkshire, and Sarah Benedicta, daughter of James Brown, 
of New York, grandson of Sir WiUiam Brown, ist Baronet of Liverpool. 
Educated : Privately. Married : 1876, to Henrietta, fifth daughter of the 
late Charles R. Blandy, of Madeira. Appointments : J. P. for Lanes, and 
Surrey ; M.P. for Wenlock, 1868-1885, and Wellington Division, Salop, 1885- 
1906 ; formerly cornet, 5th Dragoon Guards, retired 1866 ; Hon. Col., Lower 
Cheshire R.G.A. (T.F.), V.D. ; Partner, Messrs. Brown, Shipley, of London. 
Clubs : Brook's and Reform. Note : Landowner ; owns Druids Cross Estate, 
near Liverpool, 

BROWN, Charles Richardson, M.B. 

Slade Hall, Manchester. Born : 1882, at Stockton-on-Tees ; son of 
Charles Brown and Eleanor Brown, of Chester. Educated : Ackworth School 
and Owens College, Manchester. Married: August, 1913, at Kersal, to 
Beatrice EUza Palmer, daughter of Robert Palmer and Sarah Frances Palmer, 
of Kersal. Travelled : India and Burma. Recreation : Motoring. 

BROWN, Major Charles Turner, Cotton Spinner. 

Wellesley House, Heaton, Bolton. Office : Rumworth Cotton Works. 
Bolton. 'Phone : No. 255. Telegrams : Rumour, Bolton. Born : 
August 19th, 1875 ; only son of WiUiam Henry Brown, J. P., and Elizabeth 
Brown. Educated : Church Institute, Bolton ; Institute Viget, Switzerland. 
Married: October ist, 1902, to Ida Louisa Woods, daughter of William 
Henry Woods, J. P., and Ida Louisa Woods, and has issue two sons : Henry 
Woods Brown, born July 28th, 1903 ; Charles Parnell Brown, born March 31st. 
1905. Clubs : Conservative. Masonic Lodge : No. 37, East Lanes. Not^ : 
Major in the 2nd Division West Lanes. Royal Engineers (T.F.) ; been on 
Active Service since commencement of the War. 



64 LAI^CASHIRE 



BROWN, Edward Vipont, M.D., Lecturer and Author. 

Surrey Lodge, Longsight, Manchester. Born : February 12th, 1863, at 
North Shields ; son of Charles and Emily Brown, of North Shields. 
Educated : Bootham School, York, Afterwards St. Bartholomew's Hospital, 
London ; M.D. (Lond.). Married: January loth, 1895, at Friends' Meeting 
House, Croydon, to Dorothy Crowley, youngest daughter of Alfred and Mary 
Catherine Crowley, of Bramley Oaks, Croydon, and has issue two sons and 
one daughter: Cedric Vipont, born 1896; Ralph Vipont, born 1898; 
Elfrida Vipont, born 1902. Profession: Doctor of Medicine; Author and 
Lecturer. Publications : " Quaker Aspects of Truth " ; " Atonement " ; 
" Medical Aspects of Temperance Question " ; " Purity," an address to boys ; 
" Medical Profession : Its Present and Future," a Fabian essay ; " Eugenics," 
and many more. Travelled : Italy, Switzerland, Normandy ; but chiefly 
cycling in England, Scotland, and Ireland. Recreations : Giving public lec- 
tures and addresses ; cycling. I\^ote : His eldest son, Cedric Vipont Brown, 
has been serving in the " Friends' Ambulance Unit " since early in the war. 
His second son, Ralph Vipont Brown, is a medical student. 

BROWN, James Gilbert, Leather Merchant. 

William Street, Rochdale. Born : 1893, at Rochdale ; first son of 
James Greenwood and Clara Brown. Educated : Tideswell Grammar 
School. Occupation : Leather Merchant and Mill Furnisher ; Managing 
Director of James G. Brown, Mill Furnisher, Rochdale, and Ingleton Gas 
Co., Ltd., Ingleton. Recreation : Lacrosse, tennis, cricket, motor-cycling. 
Note : Sergt., Special War Service Corps, enlisted R.F.C. 

BROWNE, Rev. Lindsay Foster, M.A. (Cantab). 

24, Belvedere Road, Prince's Park, Liverpool. Born : May 29th, 1881, 
at Sunderland ; son of John Laing and Elizabeth Browne. Educated : Cam- 
bridge ; M.A. Profession : Curate of St. Paul's, Prince's Park, Liverpool, 

BRUCE, William Joseph Willett, M.LN.A., Superintendent Engineer. 

" Eden Vale," Breeze Hill, Bootle, Liverpool. Office : Oceanic Chambers, 
Canada Dock, Liverpool. 'Phone : No. 286 Bootle and No. 1160 Bootle. 
Telegrams : " Soundings Liverpool." Born : December ist, 1861, at Liver- 
pool ; second son of Alexander and Martha Bruce, of Aberdeen, and East 
Donyland, Colchester. Educated : Liverpool Private Academies, Married : 
December loth, 1891, to Ellen D'Arcy, third daughter of James and 
Ellen D'Arcy, of Wexford, and has issue one daughter, Ellen Leonie Bruce. 
Occupation : Superintendent Engineer for White Star, Dominion and American 
Lines (last mentioned Liverpool service only). Appointments : Past-President, 
Liverpool Engineering Society ; Vice-President, Institute of Marine Engineers, 
London ; Member of Institute of Naval Architects. Recreations : Golf and 
motoring. Clubs : Bootle Conservative, West Lancashire Golf, Blundellsands. 
Career : Commenced apprenticeship at the White Star Engineering Works, 
Bootle, in 1876 ; after remaining there for about a year, was transferred 
to Messrs. George Forrester and Co., VauxhaU Foundry, Liverpool. 
After serving the last four years of apprenticeship, began what was 
to prove a brilliant and uninterrupted connection with the White 
Star Line, by joining the shore staff at the latter end of 1881. In 
1886, at the age of twenty-four, took certificate as chief engineer, and five 
years later, in 1891, became chief engineer on the S.S. Cufic. In 1895 the 
White Star appointed Mr. Bruce to the vacant post of Assistant Superintendent 
Engineer. There were no fewer than four hundred apphcants to choose 
from, and the fact of Mr. Willett Bruce beating so many and excellent candi- 



BIOGRAPHIES 65 



dates is a testimony to his worth. In September, 1904, he became Superin- 
tendent Engineer in succession to Mr. S. G. Horsburgh. Mr. Bruce was now 
in a position of vast responsibility, but his scope was destined even to greater 
extensions. Early in 191 1, to his duties as Superintendent of the White Star 
Line, were added those of Superintendent to the American and Dominion 
Line. He therefore, to-day, superintends all machinery, etc., of a fleet which, 
for tonnage and indicated horse-power, is one of the very largest in the world. 
Retired Chief Engineer, Royal Naval Reserve ; fifteen years on active list, 
ten years on retired hst ; but eligible until fifty-five years of age for active 
service if called out for a case of emergency. Mr. W. Bruce is not without 
fame as an inventor, and one type of whistle operator he brought out was an 
enormous success. He has also invented a silent blow-off, to help to prevent 
the objectionable noise in the head of the waste-steam pipe when the ship 
suddenly slows down. 

BRUMM, Charles George, J.P., East India Merchant. 

Lismara, Birkdale, Southport ; Edendale, Whalley Road, Manchester. 
'Phone : Nos. 2357 and 3934 Central Manchester, No. 649 Chorlton, Manchester. 
Born : 1853, at Hanover ; only son of John George Brumm, of Hanover, 
Germany, grandson of Captain in King's (British) Dragoons, at Waterloo, 1814. 
Educated : High School ; Gottingen University ; and Geneva. Married : 
1884, to the daughter of Don W. Beckmann, of Buenos Ayres, and has issue 
two daughters ; Sylvia Louise (married to Major Ernest Josef Crabtree, loth 
West Yorks. Regt., serving in France) ; Nadine Isaure (married to Leonard 
WiUiamson, of Lancaster and Southport). Occupation : East Indian Mer- 
chant, Consul at Manchester. Appointment : J. P. for Lanes., 1907. Orders : 
Grand Cross Medjidie ; K.C. of Charles III. and Isabella of Spain. Silver 
Medal for saving life. Author : Of books in several languages; "Ahasuerus" 
(published 1916, by Werner Laurie, Ltd.). Recreation: Literature. Clubs: 
All Liberal Clubs in Southport and Birkdale, and Reform Club, Manchester. 
Masonic Lodge : P.M. Lodge of Hope, 302. 

BRUNNER, The Right Hon. Sir John T., Bart., P.C. 

Silverlands, Chertsey. Born : 1842, at Everton. Appointments .• Chair- 
man of Brunner, Mond and Co. ; Pro-Chancellor and LL.D. of Liverpool 
University. 

BRYGE, Meredith Hanmer, Chartered Accountant. 

Inglewood, Cedar Street, Southport. Ofi&ces: 9, Cook Street, Liver- 
pool ; and Southport. Born : November 20th, 1883, at Liverpool ; eldest 
son of Thomas Ainley and Elizabeth Ellen Hanmer, of Cross View, 
Formby, Lanes. Educated : Birkenhead Institute. Married : August 29th, 
1908, to Eva, second daughter of the late James William Wensley, oi 
Holmfield, Penkett Road, Liscard, Cheshire, and has issue two daughters : 
Kathleen Wensley, bom January 3rd, 1911 ; Pauline, bom April 7th, 1913. 
Profession : Chartered Accountant. Director of Mersey Halls, Ltd., and 
Secretary of the Liverpool Congregational Chapel Building Society. 

BRYDSON, Arthur Paul, J.P., M.A. 

Water Park, Greenodd, Ulverston. Born : September 27th, 1859 ; son 
of Joseph Ridgway Bridson, of Bryerswood, Windermere (died 1901). Edu- 
cated : Harrow ; and Magdalen College, Oxford ; M.A. Married : September 
26th, 1889, to Catherine Day, only daughter of Matthew Benson Harrison, 
of Scale How, Ambleside, Westmorland, and Water Park, Ulverston, and 
has issue one son and one daughter : Paul Reginald Benson, bora June 7th, 



66 LANCASHIRE 



1892 ; Margaret Dorothy Wordsworth, bom February 13th, 1894. Appoint- 
ments : J. P. for the County of Lancaster ; Member of the Ulverston District 
Council. Club : Junior Carlton, Pall Mall, London, S.W. Note : Altered 
spelling of surname in 1901. 

BUCK, Howard, M.B., F.R.G.S., Consulting Surgeon. 

3, Brighton Grove, Rusholme, Manchester. Born : April 15th, 1881, at 
Boston, Lines. ; son of James Buck, of Boston, Lines. Educated : Sheffield 
and Manchester Universities, and London Hospital ; M.B., Ch.B. Vict., 
F.R.C.S. (England). Profession : Consulting Surgeon. Appointment : Resi- 
dent Surgical Officer, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester. Publica- 
tions : Several articles of surgical importance Recreations : Any form of 
athletics. Club : Manchester University Union. Capt., R.A.M.C. (T.). 

BUCKLEY, Albert, Wool Broker. 

30, Pall Mall, Liverpool, and Salisbury House, Blundellsands. Born : 
April loth, 1877, at Blundellsands ; son of William and Mary H. Buckley 
(EngUsh). Educated : Aldenham Grammar School. Occupation : Wool 
Broker. Appointments: City Councillor (Liverpool), November, 1913 ; 
Major, i/i2th Batt., Loyal North Lanes. Regt. (Pioneers), on service in France. 
Clubs : Conservative, Golf (West Lanes.). Masonic Lodge : 2289 Blun- 
dellsands. 

BUCKLEY, Charles Arthur, M.I.M.E., Solicitor. 

" Miramar," Hale, Cheshire. Office : 2, Booth Street, Manchester. 
Born : June 21st, 1872, at Oldham ; only son of Charles Buckley, Solicitor, 
of Oldham (deceased), and Eliza, daughter of Benjamin Fielding, of Oldham 
(deceased). Educated : University School, Southport ; Clement's Inn Prize- 
man ; Scott Scholar ; Broderip Gold Medallist ; Sykes Gold Medallist, 1895 ; 
Daniel Reardon Prizeman. Married: To Mabel, eldest daughter of David 
Garnett, of Warrington (deceased), and has issue four sons and two daughters. 
Profession : Solicitor ; is a Partner in the firm of Batty, Ford and Buckley, 
Solicitors, of Manchester. Travelled : Hungary ; Italy frequently. 

BUCKLEY, William, J.P., Wool Broker. 

Salisbury House, Nicholas Road, Blundellsands, Liverpool. 'Phone : 
216 Crosby. Born : 1841, at Delph ; second son of the late James Buckley, 
of Delph, Yorks. Educated : Liverpool College. Married : 1873, to Mary 
Hannah, daughter of Capt. Thomas Parry, of Everton, Lanes., and has issue 
six sons and one daughter. Occupation : Wool Broker, of the firm of Edmund 
Buckley and Co., Liverpool. Appointment : J. P. for Lanes., 1905. Recrea- 
tion : Chiefly golf. Clubs : Conservative, Dale Street, Liverpool ; West 
Lancaster Golf. Notes : Has three sons serving with the Colours : Major 
Albert Buckley, i/i2th Loyal North Lanes, (wounded in France, now recovered) ; 
Capt. Wm. Noel Buckley, A.S.C. ; Capt. Leonard Buckley, R.A.M.C. 

BUCKLEY, William, J.P., Woollen Manufacturer. 

Gatehead House, Delph, Oldham. Born : 1853, at Salford ; eldest son 
of Joseph Buckley, of Saddleworth, Yorks. Educated : Wharmton Grammar 
School (since closed). Married : 1874, to Sarah, daughter of Jonathan 
Chambley, of Saddleworth, Yorks., and has issue four sons and two daughters. 
Occupation : Woollen, Flannel, Rug, Blanket, and Shawl Manufacturer. 
Appointment : J. P. for West Riding, Yorks., 1894. 



BIOGRAPHIES 67 



BUCKTON, James Douglas, J.P., V.D. 

Nibley House, North Nibley, Gloucestershire. Born : r86i, at Mold, 
Flintshire ; son of James Rhoades Buckton, of Warrington, SoUcitor (died 
1898), and Mary Ann, daughter of Peter MelUng, of Liverpool. Educated : 
King William's College, Isle of Man. Married : 1896. to Elizabeth, daughter 
of the Rev. Richard Appleton, of Liverpool, and Ellen, daughter of Joseph 
Wagstaff, of Warrington. Appointments : J. P. for Lanes., 1908, and for 
Gloucestershire, 1912 ; York House of Laymen, 1903. Travelled : Continent 
and West Indies. Notes : Retired Solicitor ; formerly practising at War- 
rington. Major and Hon. Lieut. -Col. (retired), ist Vol. Batt.. P.W.V. (South 
Lanes. Regt.) ; V.D., 1902 ; Patron of two Rectories. 

BULL, Harold Thomas, Solicitor, Commissioner of Oaths. 

Normanhurst, Stand, near Manchester. Office : Cross Street, Bury. 
Born : May 24th, 1863, at London ; youngest son of the late Frederick 
Bull, Solicitor (first Town Clerk of Bury), of London, and Ann, only daughter 
of the late John Withers, of Birmingham. Educated : Bury Grammar School. 
Lanes. Married : June 28th, 1898, at Manchester, to Frances Maud, third 
daughter of the late WilUam Henry Walley, Solicitor, of Manchester, and 
Clara Jane Novello Buckland, only daughter of Percy Buckland, of London, 
and has issue one daughter : Marjorie, born September 24th, 1905. Pro- 
fession : Solicitor and Commissioner for Oaths. London Agents : Pearce and 
Sons, 58, West Smithfield, E.C. Appointments : Clerk to County Borough 
Justices, and Compensation Authority ; Clerk to Renewal Authority ; Member, 
Incorporated Law Society, Incorporated Justices' Clerks' Society, Sohcitors' 
Benevolent Society, and Bury Law Society ; on Committee of Lancashire 
Justices' Clerks' Society; Hon. Secretary, R.N. Lifeboat Institution and 
PoHce Court Mission (Bury Branches). Recreations: Tennis, golf, walking, 
cychng, boating, swimming. 

BULLOUGH, Lieut. Ernest, Solicitor. 

" The Willows," Bamfurlong, near Wigan. Offices : 27, King Street, 
Wigan. Born : February nth, 1888, at Bamfurlong ; second son of Peter 
and EUen Bullough (nee Marsh), of " The Willows." Bamfurlong, near Wigan. 
Educated : Grammar School and private coach. Profession : Solicitor ; 
member of the firm of Messrs. Wilson and Bullough. Solicitors, of 27, King 
Street, Wigan, and Ashton-in-Makerfield ; Admitted, June, 1910. London 
Agents : Bridges, Sawtell and Co. Appointments : Solicitor to various 
property owners' associations in the Newton Division of Lancashire, and 
greatly interested in the movement. Travelled : France, Germany, Switzer- 
land. Recreations : Golf, cricket, motoring. Clubs : Conservative Clubs, 
Wigan and Ashton-in-Makerfield. Note : In February, 1915, took up a 
Commission in the r4th Batt., Manchester Regt. 

BULMER, Hubert Ernest, A.R.C.A. (Lond.), Art Director. 

Balliol Road, Bootle. Born : August 8th, 1874, at Shipley, Yorkshire ; 
second son of Alfred and Maria Bulmer, of Bradford. Educated : School of 
Art, Bradford, and Royal College of Art, London. Married : April 4th, 1901, 
to Emily Roper, only daughter of Robert and Mary Roper, of Radfield House, 
Eccleshill, Bradford, and has issue one son, Hubert Alfred Bulmer. bom 
January 20th, 1915 Profession: Art Director; Portrait Painter; A.R.C.A. 
(London) ; Director of Kinema. Ltd., Waterloo, Liverpool. Travelled : Italy, 
Belgium, Switzerland. Recreation : Cricket. Masonic : Goodacre Lodge, 
Bootle. 



68 LANCASHIRE 



BULPIT, Rev. William Thomas, Lecturer and Author. 

143, Cambridge Road, Southport. Born : February i6th, 1841, at 
Birmingham ; son of Thomas Bulpit, of East Woodhay, Hants, and Sarah, 
daughter of Thomas Lancaster, of the Dragoon Guards. Educated : Queen's 
College, Birmingham ; Theological Prizeman. Married : To Ann Bonehill 
"Wilmcote, of Stratford-on-Avon, and has issue three daughters : Ada Wright, 
of Newcastle, N.S.W., Australia ; Emily Biddle, of Hornsey, London, N. ; 
Edith Purden. Occupation : Lecturer and Author. Appointments : Master 
of Bellringers' Guild ; Guardian of the Poor, 1878-1888 ; Lecturer for the 
Midland Institute, Birmingham, and Training College, Saltley. Publications : 
" History of Southport and District " ; " History of the Fylde " ; " Sermons 
at the Circus." Travelled : Germany, Holland, Switzerland, France, Spain, 
Africa. Recreations : Archaeology and chess. Notes : An adept in Electro- 
Metallurgy ; has saved life by swimming ; was an early Volunteer (i860). 
(Now deceased.) 

BURKE, Thomas, J.P., Chairman, Technical Education Committee, 
Author. 

211, Seabank Road, New Brighton, and St. John's Market, Liverpool. 
Born : 1865, at Liverpool. Educated : St. Vincent's Schools. Appointments : 
Vice-Chairman of Lanes. Inebriates Act Board ; Chairman Tech. Education 
and Commercial Education Committees ; Member of Lanes. Asylums Board ; 
Member of Liverpool City Council (Nat.), Vauxhall Ward, from 1899 ; Chair- 
man, Select Vestry, 1903 ; has served on Watch, Tramways, Electric Lighting, 
Library, and Education Committees ; J, P., 1904 ; Chairman, Local Training of 
Munition Workers' Committee. Publication : " Catholic History of Liverpool." 

BURLAND, Charles, M.D., L.R.C.S. (Edin.), F.R.C.S., Senior 
Medical Inspector, Board of Trade. 

Erstwood, Blundellsands, Lanes. ; Board of Trade Office, Canning Place, 
Liverpool. Born : February 18th, 1861, at Arreton, Isle of Wight ; son 
of the late Rev. C. I. Burland, M.A. (Oxon.), and Mary, eldest daughter of the 
late Chas. Halson, of Stickworth Hall, Isle of Wight. Educated: Private 
Schools ; H.M.S. Conway ; Edinburgh University ; Yorkshire College ; and 
Paris; M.D., L.R.C.S. (Edin.). Married: At St. Mark's, Hamilton 
Terrace, N.W., to Margaret Charlotte, only child of the late Charles 
Mackessack, of Cloves, N.B., and has issue one son and one daughter : Silvie 
Mary Nina, born 1905 ; Halson Chas. I. Sherwood, born 1907. Occupation : 
Senior Medical Inspector Board of Trade. Author : " The Ship's Captain's 
Medical Guide " (thirteenth Edition), pubhshed as Official Handbook by 
Board of Trade. Publications : Articles on sporting topics ; occasionally 
contributes upon professional subjects to medical journals. Travelled : 
World-wide traveller ; has hunted big game in Central Asia, Himalayas, 
and Far East. Recreations : Shooting and yachting. Clubs : Junior Carlton 
and Athenaeum, Liverpool ; F.R.G.S. 

BURNESS, Rev. John Alfred, B.A., Curate. 

I, Hale Road, Walton, near Liverpool. Born : December 15th, 1891, at 
Derby ; son of John and Elizabeth Burness (both British). Educated : B.A. 
(Cantab.). Appointment : Curate, St. Luke's, Walton. 

BURNLEY, Councillor William Peter, J. P., Land Tax Commissioner. 

Winterfield, Higher Broughton, Manchester. Born : September ist, 
1848, at Manchester ; only son of Jacob Burnley, Woollen Manufacturer. 
Educated : Manchester Grammar School. Married : August 6th, 1874, to 
Kate, eldest daughter of the late William Kendall, of the firm of 



BIOGRAPHIES 69 



Kendall and Gent. Engineers and Tool Makers, and has issue one daughter : 
Ethel Mary (married June ist, 1905). Appointments : J. P. for the 
Borough of Salford ; Councillor for Kersal Ward ; Overseer ; Land Tax 
Commissioner. Recreations : Municipal and magisterial duties. Club : Cobden 
Liberal. Career : Mr. Burnley had the advantage of a Manchester 
Grammar School education, supplemented by a thorough business training. 
For many years organist at Salem (Methodist New Connexion), and 
occupies that post in the P.S.A. meetings. Takes a practical interest in all 
Church, Circuit, and Connexional affairs. For more than twenty-five 
years has held the office of Circuit Treasurer. In 1894 was elected Guardian 
Representative, and at the recent Conference in Redruth he was again 
entrusted with that honour. At the same Conference, in 1914, he waus 
elected to serve on the Foreign Missionary Committee and on the Stationing 
Committee. Has given many thousands of pounds to the Church as gifts. 
In later years Mr. Burnley has given considerable attention to civic matters. 
During the fourteen years he has been a Councillor, his elections have 
been uncontested in the same ward. 

BURNS, Rev. Bobert, R.A., Curate of St. Mary's, Rochdale. 

48, Sheriff Street, Rochdale. Born : June 29th, 1878, at Enniskillen ; 
son of Stewart and Sarah Burns, of Gortmesson, Enniskillen. Educated : 
Royal University of Ireland ; B.A., 1905. Married : April 2nd, 1907, at 
St. Clement's Church, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester, to Emily Sladen, 
daughter of Jas. W. Sladen, of 6, Maple Avenue, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Man- 
chester, and has issue one son and two daughters : Wilham Stewart, bom 
October 24th, 1910 ; Annie, born May 29th, 1908 ; Kathleen, born February 
I2th, 1913. Appointments : Curate of St. Mary's, Rochdale ; formerly of 
St. James', Gorton, and St. Thomas', Barrowford. Travelled : British Islands. 
Recreation : Gardening. 

BURRELL, Lieut. Charles Hearn Oscar Dudley. 

19, Fulwood Park, Liverpool. Born : April 12th, 1891, at Liverpool ; 
son of John Hearn Burrell and Gertrude, his wife. Educated : Mostyn House 
School, Parkgate; and Clifton College. Occupation : Lieutenant and Adjutant, 
ist Battalion the Leicestershire Regt., serving on the Western Front. 
Mentioned in despatches for distinguished services. Recreations : Sailing 
and travel. 

BURRELL, James Bowin. 

19, Fulwood Park, Liverpool, and 15 and 16, African House, Liverpool. 
Born : July 22nd, 1886, at Liverpool ; son of John Hearn Burrell and Gertrude, 
his wife. Educated : Bilton Grange and Rugby. Occupation : Before the wax, 
Timber Merchant. Served first on H.M.S. Ambrose and afterwards on H.M.S. 
Patia as Assistant Paymaster, R.N.R., and Captain's Secretary. Recreation : 
Rock climbing. Club : Athenaeum, Liverpool. Masonic Lodges : Sylvanus 
3670 ; Argosy 3704. 

BURRELL, John Stamp Garthorne. 

Apollo University Lodge, Oxford. Born : April 8th, 1884, at Liverpool ; 
son of John Hearn Burrell and Gertrude, his wife. Educated : Mostyn 
House School, Parkgate ; Clifton College ; and Exeter College, Oxford ; 
M.A. Profession : Solicitor. Note : Shortly after the outbreak of war he 
was commissioned as 2nd Lieut, in the 4th Batt. the Cheshire Regt. (T.F.). 
He was for some months attached to the staff of the I5qth Brigade of Infantry, 
and left England with his regiment in July, 19 15. He took part in the landing 
at Suvla Bay on August 8th, 1915, and was killed in action on the following day. 



70 LA:^ CASH IRE 



BURRELL, Lieut. Kenneth. 

19, Fulwood Park, Liverpool. Born : December 20th, 1893, at Liver- 
pool ; son of John Heam Burrell and Gertrude, his wife. Educated : Mostyn 
House School, Parkgate ; and Clifton College. Occupation : Served eight 
months on active service in France during 1914 and 1915 with the loth 
Scottish Battalion, the King's Regt., and was present at the Battle of 
Hooge, in May, 1915. He then received a Commission as Lieutenant in the 
4th Battalion the Cheshire Regt. Recreations : Golf, tennis, and amateur 
acting. 

BURROUGHS, Major Benjamin Palmer, M.A., LL.B., Solicitor. 

12, Parkfield Road, Liverpool ; Cefn Mawr Hall, Mold, FUntshire ; 
15, Sweeting Street, Liverpool. Born : March 4th, 1867, at Liverpool ; 
son of Benjamin Mercer Burroughs, of Liverpool, and Elizabeth 
Rowe, of Calne, Wilts. Educated : Liverpool Institute ; Corpus College, 
Cambridge, M.A. ; Victoria University, LL.B. Married : June 20th, 1897, 
youngest daughter of Robert Cunningham Hall, of Liverpool. Profession : 
Solicitor. Appointments : Secretary, Ministers' Stipend Augmentation 
Fund ; Liverpool District Missionary Association ; Liverpool Temperance 
Public House Co., Ltd. ; Liverpool Booksellers Co., Ltd. ; Major, 2nd 
Lanes. Artillery Volunteers (retired 1906) ; County Councillor, Brencoed 
Division, Flintshire, 1909-1912. Joined the 122nd Brigade R.F.A., 38th 
Welsh Army Corps, serving in France. 

BURROWS, Rev. Francis Henry, M.A., Honorary Canon, Rural 
Dean, and Military Chaplain. 

Christ Church Vicarage, Ashton-under-Lyne. Born : November 28th, 
1857, at Atherton ; son of Abraham Burrows, J. P., Alderman, C.C, of Green 
Hall, Atherton, and Elizabeth Golding Burrows, of Liverpool. Educated : 
Christ's College, Cambridge ; M.A. Married : 1891, at St. Margaret's, 
Dunham Massey, to Margaret Nelson, daughter of Richard Curtis, J.P., 
Limehurst, Bowdon, and has issue three sons and one daughter : Richard 
Francis Geoffrey, born 1893 ; Margaret Mary Constance, born 1900 ; Robert 
John Formby, born 1901 ; Philip Edward Charles, born 1904. Appointments : 
Vicar of Christ Church, Ashton-under-Lyne; Honorary Canon of Manchester; 
Rural Dean of Ashton - under - Lyne ; Member of Ashton - under - Lyne 
Education Committee ; Chaplain, 9th Batt., Manchester Regt. Travelled : 
France, Switzerland, Germany, Italy. Recreation : Golf. Clubs : Oxford 
and Cambridge. Note : His eldest son, R. F. Geoffrey Burrows, is a Lieut., 
2nd Batt., the Manchester Regt., and was wounded at Le Cateau, August, 
1914 ; now a prisoner of war in Germany. 

BURROWS, John Seacome, J. P., Colliery Proprietor. 

Drayton House, Birkdale, Southport. 'Phone: 16, Birkdale. Born: 
July 12th, 1854, at Queen Street, Liverpool ; son of the late Abraham and 
Elizabeth Burrows, of Green Hall, Atherton. Educated : Private School, 
Manchester. Married : November 30th, 1882, at Ashton-on-Mersey, to 
Jessie Wharton Gr€en, daughter of the late Thomas Green, Canning Street, 
Liverpool, and has issue, two sons and four daughters : Francis Seacome, 
born November 20th, 1883 ; Katherine Lyon, born February 8th, 1887 ; 
Winifred Noel, bom December 21st, 1888 ; Elizabeth Saltenstall, born July 
19th, 1890 ; Eric John, born April 25th, 1892 ; Alice Gertrude, born June ist, 
1896. Occupation : Colliery Proprietor. Appointments : J.P. for County of 



BIOGRAPHIES 71 



Lancaster, 1907 ; County Councillor of Lanes., 1913. Travelled : Europe, 
Egypt, Mexico, United States. Clubs : Clarendon, Manchester ; Union, 
Southport. Note: Eldest son, F. Seacome, is 2nd Lieut., A.S.C., Park 
Royal, London; Eric J., youngest son, i/5th Manchester Regt., wounded in 
Gallipoli; June, 1915, returned to the front; invahded home, October, 1915 ; 
Katherine, doing canteen, etc., work in France (Compiegne) ; Elizabeth is 
nursing for French Red Cross (Argonne and Rimberlien, Oise). 

BURSTALL, Miss Sara A., B.A. (Lond.), M.A. (Dublin), Head of 
Manchester High School for Girls. 

280, Dickenson Road, S, Manchester (private) ; High School, Dover Street, 
Manchester (professional). Telegrams: " Jeunesse, Manchester." 'Phone: 
5003 City, Manchester. Born : 1859, at Aberdeen ; daughter of Henry 
A. Burstall (Civil Engineer), and Annie King. Educated : Girton College ; 
Cambridge ; M.A. (Dublin) ; B.A, (London) University College. Appoint- 
ments : Head Mistress of the Manchester High School for Girls ; 
Special Lecturer in Education, Manchester University ; President of 
the Incorporated Association of Head Mistresses, 1909-1911 ; Member of 
Manchester Education Committee and of the Joint Matriculation Board of 
the Northern Universities ; Member of the Executive Committee, Lanes. 
County War Comforts Association. Publications : " English High Schools 
for Girls," 1907; "Impressions of American Education," 1908, Longmans; 
" The Story of the Manchester High School," University Press, Manchester, 
1911. Recreation : Gardening. Club : University of London, 21, Gower 
Street, W.C. 

BURTON, Rev. Henry, M.A., D.D., Wesley an Minister. 

Charnwood, West Kirby, Liverpool. Born : November 26th, 1840, at 
Swannington, Leicestershire ; son of Henry and Frances Burton. Degrees : 
M.A., D.D. Married : February 15th, 1871, to Ellen Williams, daughter of 
Rev. Mark Guy Pearse, and has issue two sons and three daughters ; 
Frances Ethel, Henry Kingsley, Hilda, Nellie Muriel, Howard Norley. Pro- 
fession : Wesleyan Minister. Appointments : Member of the Beta Theta Pi, 
and Phi Beta Kappa Societies. Publications: "St. Luke" (Expositor's 
Bible) ; " Gleanings in the Gospels " ; " The Coming of the Kingdom " ; 
" Wayside Songs," etc. Recreation : Gardening. 

BURTON, Rev. Howard Norley, Wesleyan Methodist Minister. 

S. Drive, Herwall, Cheshire (Liverpool). Born : October 2nd, 1883, at 
Acton, Middlesex ; son of Henry Burton, M.A., D.D., author of " St, Luke " 
(Expositor's Bible), and Ellen Williams Burton (sister of the Rev. Mark Guy 
Pearse), Educated : Kingswood School, Bath ; Didsbury College, Manchester. 
Married : August loth, 1910, to Nellie Kernode Costain, of Blundellsands, 
Liverpool, and has issue one daughter, Margaret Muriel, Profession : 
Wesleyan Methodist Minister, Recreation : Golf, Notes : Section Leader 
of Heswall Company, Wirral Batt., Cheshire Vol. Regt. ; on Munition 
work, Neston, Cheshire. 

BURY, Major Judson Sykes, M.D., B.S. (Lond.)., F.R C.P. (Lond.), 
Consulting Physician, Manchester Royal Infirmary. 

10, Saint John Street, Manchester. 'Phone : City 6010. Telegrams : 
" Physic, Manchester." Born : 1852, at Salford ; youngest son of Peter and 
Mary Lang Bury. Educated : Amersham Hall School ; Owens College ; 
University College Hospital ; M.D., B.S, (London) ; F.R.C.P. (London) ; 
B.Sc. (Manchester) ; Honours in Zoology, Anatomy (London). Married : 



72 LANCASHIRE 



1879, to Hannah, daughter of John Pugh Griffiths, and has issue two 
daughters: AUce, Gwyn (deceased). Profession: Consulting Physician, 
Manchester Royal Infirmary ; Medical Referee, Workmen's Compensation Act. 
Publications : " Manual of Clinical Medicine " ; " Diseases of the Nervous 
System " ; " Treatise on Peripheral Neuritis " ; articles and contributions 
to journals and encyclopaedias. Recreations : Golf and lawn tennis. Clubs : 
Brasenose, Manchester. Note : Major, R.A.M.C. (T.F.), 2nd Western. 
Career: Bradshaw Lecturer to R.C. of Phys., London; House Physician and 
Obstetric Resident, University College Hospital, London ; Senior R.M.O., 
Children's Hospital, Pendlebury ; Physician, Clinical Hospital, Manchester ; 
Physician, Manchester Royal Infirmary ; Professor of CUnical Medicines, Man- 
chester University ; Examiner in Medicine, R.C. of Phys. (London) ; ex- 
President, Manchester Path, and Med. Societies. 

BUTLER, Harold Leigh, Cotton Spinner, Footballer. 

" HalliweU House," Bolton-le-Moors ('Phone : No. 1509) and Alexandra 
Mill, Bolton ('Phone : No. no). Born : September 28th, 1875, at Bolton, 
Lanes. ; son of John and Bertha Evina Butler (nee Leigh) , (EngUsh, father of 
Irish descent). Educated : At J. Thompson's, " Sandy Knoll," St. Anne's- 
on-Sea ; (small school) by T. Mason, Abergele, N, Wales ; and at Brad- 
field. Married : June 25th, 1913, to Elsie Hacking, youngest daughter of 
the late W, H, Hacking, J.P., of Whitefield and Mrs. Hacking (nee Haworth), 
and has issue one son and one daughter : John Leigh, born April 20th, 1914, 
and Wenda Haworth, born March 8th, 1916. Occupation : Cotton Spinner, 
Manager for Messrs. John Butler, Alexandra Mill, Bolton. Appointments : 
Member of Manchester Rifle Club, V.D.C., Certified N.R.A. " Marksman " 
at 200, 500, 600, 800, 900, and 1,000 yards. Recreations : Football (late of 
Blackburn Etrurians, " English Pilgrims," Bolton Wanderers, and Liverpool 
Ramblers. In physical culture was winner of Sandow's Gold Medal for County 
of Lanes., 1899. Clubs : Conservative, Bolton ; Bolton Garrick. 

BUTLER, James, J.P., Director of Limited Company. 

Wood Nook, St. Anne's-on-Sea, Lanes. Born : November ist, 1844, at 
Preston ; son of Paul and Lucy Butler, of 15, Bairstow Street, Preston. 
Married : July 5th, 1876, at Stretford Church, near Manchester, to 
Sarah EUzabeth, second daughter of George Winstanley, of Old Trafford, 
Manchester (died November 14th, 1907), and has issue one son and two 
daughters. Appointments : J.P. for County Palatine of Lancaster, since 
December, 1905 ; Director of Kay Street Cotton Spinning and Manufacturing 
Co., Ltd., of Preston, and of Jones, Butler Co., Ltd., Brook Mill, Kirkham. 
Travelled : Continent of Europe, U.S. of America, Canada. Note : Land- 
owner, Preston. 

BUTLER, Wilson, Solicitor, B.A., Landowner. 

Glebelands and Bank Buildings, Broughton-in-Furness. Born : April 
loth, 1869, at Syke House, Broughton-in-Furness ; son of Thomas and Mary 
Butler, of Broughton-in-Fumess, Solicitor. Educated : Royal Grammar 
School, Lancaster; St. Peter's College, Cambridge; B.A. (Law), 1888. 
Married : November 17th, 1897, to Sarah Elizabeth Gunson, daughter of 
Samuel Gunson, of the Crook, Alpha, Cumberland. Profession : Solicitor 
(admitted December, 1891). Commissioner ; member of the firm of Thomas 
Butler and Son, at Broughton-in-Furness. Appointments : Member of 
Ulverston R.D.C. ; Guardian of Poor and Local Education Committee, etc. 
Recreations : Cricket and Fell climbing. Note : Landowner ; in right of 
wife, owns two hundred acres in Lancashire and Cumberland. 



BIOGRAPHIES 73 



BYLES, Sir William Pollard, Kt., M.P. 

8, Chalcot Gardens, Hampstead, London, N.W. Born: 1839. at Brad- 
ford, Yorks. ; eldest son of William Byles (died 1891). founder of the Bradford 
Observer. Married : 1865, to Sarah Anne, only daughter of the late Stephen 
Unwin, of Colchester. Appointments: M.P. (R.), W.R., Yorks, Northern 
Part (Shipley Division), 1892-1895 ; N. Salford, from 1906 ; Knighted in 
1911. Clubs : National Liberal ; Reform, Manchester. 

BYWATER, Harry Haward, M.D., F.R.C.S., Ophthalmic and Aural 
Surgeon. 

36, Rodney Street, Liverpool; "Braunston Lea," Waterloo, near 
Liverpool; and at Wigan. Born: November 9th, 1877, at Pemberton ; 
son of William Athorn and Helen Bywater, of The Mount, Crawford, 
Upholland, near Wigan. Educated : Manchester, Liverpool, London ; M.D. 
(Manchester University); F.R.C.S. (Edinburgh) ; D.Ch.O. (Liverpool University). 
Married : August 15th, 1905, at Stalybridge, to Marion, daughter of Mark 
Fentem, J. P., C.C, Beechwood, Stalybridge, Cheshire, and has issue three 
daughters : Phyllis Helen Marion, bom June 21st, 1906 ; Constance Mary, 
born July 6th, 1908 ; Joan, born February 4th, 1914. Ophthalmic and Aural 
Surgeon. Appointments : Assistant Honorary Surgeon to the Liverpool Eye 
and Ear Infirmary ; Assistant Honorary Surgeon to Eye, Ear, and Throat 
Department of Wigan Royal Infirmary. Publication : " Thesis on Phlyctenular 
Disease." Recreation : Geology. 

CAIGER, Rev. Stephen Langrish, B.A., B.D. (Manchester). 

30, Cheltenham Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester. Born : 1886 , 
at Burnley, Lanes. ; son of William Stephen and Catherine Caiger. Educated : 
Manchester Grammar School ; B.A. of Cambridge (1908) ; First Claiss, Classical 
Tripos ; Second Class, Theological Tripos ; B.D. of Manchester University 
(1911), three Distinctions. Married : 1913, to Florence Mona Procter, 
daughter of Alfred and Florence Nightingale Procter, and has issue one 
daughter : Catherine Mary. Appointment : Assistant Curate, Farnworth 
Parish Church. Recreations : Rowing, cycling, chess. Club : Old Man- 
cunians. Interested in brass and copper ware, especially Oriental. Career : 
Manchester Grammar School, 1899-1905 ; Cambridge University, Christ's 
College, 1905-1909 ; Tancred Student, Lanes. County Council Scholar, and 
Major Classical Scholar ; Class. Trip. Part I. ; Class I. (Div. II.) Theo. Trip. 
Part II., Class II. Manchester University, 1909-1911 ; Scholar of Egerton Hall. 
University Prizes for Greek Prose, Latin Prose, English Essay, and Ecclesi- 
astical History. Author : College Song, " Arduus ad Solem." Ordained by 
Bishop of Manchester, 1911, Deacon; 1912, Priest; 1911-1913, Assistant 
Curate, St, James's Church, Kirk, Accrington ; 1913, Curate-in-Charge, All 
Souls', Heywood ; 1913-1914, Curate-in-Charge, St. EUzabeth's, Reddish ; 
1914-16, Assistant Curate, St. Clement's, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester; 
19 16, Assistant Curate, Farnworth Parish Church. His brother, Francis 
Everett Caiger, B.A., is 2nd Lieut., 25th Manchesters. 

CAINE, William Ralph Hall. F.S.P., Writer. 

16, Castletown Old Road, Douglas, Isle of Man. Born : February 5th, 
1869, at Liverpool. Married : February nth, 1904, to Mary Elizabeth, widow 
of John Levy, of Grove Park, Kent, daughter of Thomas Rhodes, of Mersey 
Bank, Hadfield. Profession : Author. Publications : " Humorous Poems of 
the Century " (1890) ; " Love Songs of England " (1893) ; various books 
for use in our public elementary schools (1899-1903) ; " The Cruise of the 
Port Kingston," containing an Eye-witness's account of the Jamaica Earth- 
quake (1908) ; " The Isle of Man " (Black's Colour Series, 1909) ; " Annals 



74 LANCASHIRE 



of the Magic Isle " (1913) ; numerous articles and pamphlets dealing with 
Gaelic mythology, Manx politics, etc. (1909-1916) ; " Are we Making the 
Most of the Land ? " ; " The Mananan Myth " {1916). Recreations : Golf, 
travel, book, silver and curio collecting, music. Cluhs : Fort Anne (Douglas),. 
Peel, etc. Masonic Lodge: Highbury (London), No. 2192 (Organist, 1906-1910). 
Career : Fellow of the Societe Internationale de Philologie (President, 19 15- 
1916) ; writer on anthropology, philology, mythology, and kindred subjects ; 
one of three children of a marriage, all of whom are, or have been, in the public 
eye. John, the father, the son of a farmer, was born at Ballacrye, Ballaugh, 
Isle of Man, in 1821, and, after passing most of his years in Liverpool, where 
he initiated penny readings for working-men, and rendered yeoman service 
to the Oddfellows' movement, died at Greeba Castle, Isle of Man, the residence 
of his eldest son, the well-known novelist, in 1904. Sarah, the mother, de- 
scended from a Quaker family of china potters, long settled in Northumberland, 
but which, in the eighteenth century, migrated into the adjoining county 
of Cumberland, was born in 1828, and died at her daughter's residence, Maida 
Vale, London, in 1912. All the children of this marriage (celebrated at Liver- 
pool in 1851) are Lancastrians by education and the potent influence of 
environment during early years. Only the two younger, however, are Lan- 
castrians by birth : WilUam Ralph Hall Caine, and Lily Hall Caine (the 
" Glory Quayle " of her elder brother's play, " The Christian "), both bom 
in the Hundred of West Derby, Liverpool. (The latter died at Aldershot, 
Surrey, May 31st, 1914.) W. R. Hall Caine was first employed in a news- 
paper office, whilst still in his teens, in the capacity of amanuensis to the late 
John Lovell, the Editor-Manager of the Liverpool Mercury. The absorption 
of his chief in outside political work gave to his secretary the free and un- 
fettered use of a considerable library of costly reference books, an insight of 
the making and use of commonplace books, and ample time to avail himself 
of a vast mass of the most modern information regarding history, law, science, 
invention, discovery, mechanics, trade, biography, morals, etc. Lovell 
attached the highest value to a column headed " Answers to Correspondents," 
a feature almost unique in a daily paper. The secretary began by an occasional 
appearance among these often lengthy " Answers," but ultimately became 
its chief support, contributing advice in the accepted parental style, as well as 
facts, strange and wonderful, on every subject under the sun (but chiefly on 
points of interest in relation to some present-day topic), gathered partly from 
the voluminous library in his charge, but often amplified by information 
from experts far and uide. Thereafter, he became a recognised member of 
the editorial staff, a regular contributor to the review and leader columns, 
chiefly on trade and finance topics, and a writer for the Harmsworth Press in 
London. Granted the special privilege of " leave of absence " (by which his 
Liverpool post always remained open to him) , he removed to London, organised 
the oflicisil advertising campaign of the Isle of Man Legislature, and for a 
while occupied a somewhat analogous position in the service of Messrs. Waring 
and Gillow, Ltd. Thereafter confined himself to journalistic work ; edited 
the Court Circular, Household Words, and other publications ; wrote on 
politics, history, etc., for certain of the sixpenny weekly papers, including 
The Saturday Review, The Literary World, The Theatre, St. Paul's, etc., and 
was for some time Director and Manager of Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons, Ltd., 
Shorthand and Education Publishers. As a guest of Sir Alfred Jones, K.C.M.G., 
President of the British Cotton Growing Association, was one of the party 
overtaken by the earthquake in Jamaica, 1907, and wrote vivid narratives 
of that stirring episode for the Daily Mail and the New York Times. For 
the space of a few moments in his life he had the close attention of the civilised 
world. Has travelled over most of Europe, parts of Africa, the West Indies, 
Canada and the United States ; residing of late years at Yarmouth (Isle of 
Wight), Limpsfield (Surrey), and Douglas (Isle of Man). 



BIOGRAPHIES 75 



CALDWELL, Francis, M.V.O., Head Constable. 

Livingstone Drive, Sefton Park, Liverpool. 'Phone : Liverpool Park Lane 
227. Telegrams : " Devoir," Liverpool. Born : i860, at Croxteth, Lanes. ; 
eldest son of the late Francis Brown Caldwell, M.A., of Ledsham, Cheshire. 
Educated : Private Schools. Married : 1908, to Millicent S., youngest 
daughter of Thomas Oxley, of Stretford, Manchester. Appointments : 
Assistant Head Constable of Liverpool, 1906-1912 ; Head Constable, from 
igi2 ; M.V.O., Fifth Class, 1913. Club : Athenaeum, Liverpool. 

CALL AM, Alexander, M.D., B.Ch. 

Killearman, Burnley, and 36 and 187, Colne Road, Burnley. Bor7i : 
October 4th, 1880, at Glenbuchat, Aberdeenshire ; son of Alexander Callara 
and Mary Ann Callam, of Aberdeenshire. Educated : Gordon's College and 
University, Aberdeen. Doctor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. 
Married : November, 1906, at Inverness, to Annie Tulloch Christie, eldest 
daughter of the late David and Mary Christie, of Redcastle, and has issue 
one son : Willie, born March, 1910. Appointments : Medical Referee Refuge 
Assurance Co., and Pioneer Assurance Co. ; Lieut. -Col. R.A.M.C. (T.F.), 
Officer Commanding 2/2 South Lanes. Field Ambulance, Burnley. Recrea- 
tions : Golf and motoring. 

CAMBURN, Rev. Martin Luther, Wesleyan Minister. 

Surrey Terrace, Stockport Road, Manchester. Born : At Folkestone ; 
son of George Alfred and Amy Camburn. Educated : Private School and 
Didsbury CoUege. Married : August 21st, 1886, to Lillie Naylor (died 
1906), and had issue two sons : Reginald Douglas ; Alexander Kenneth 
(died October 20th, 1900). Profession : Wesleyan Minister, Stockport Road 
Wesleyan Church. Publications : Short articles in magazines, etc. Recrea- 
tion : Reading. 

CAMPBELL-BAUGH, Rev. Henry Walter, M.A., Vicar of St. Bride's, 
Liverpool. 

St. Bride's Vicarage, Hope Street, Liverpool, Born : December 12th, 
1862, at Liverpool ; son of the late Henry and Jane Baugh, of Yorkshire, 
formerly of Liverpool. Educated : Westminster School ; Trinity CoUege, 
Cambridge; B.A. (Classical Honours), 1884; M.A., 1893. Married: 1891, at 
St. John's, Fairfield, Liverpool, to Mary Pattinson, eldest daughter of the 
late J. R. Pattinson, of J. R. Pattinson and Co., Liverpool, and Mrs. 
Pattinson, of Cumberland, and has issue one son and two daughters : Hilda 
Mary, born 1893 ; Elaine Violet, born 1895 ; Walter Eric, born 1899. 
Appointments : Vicar of St. Bride's Church, Liverpool ; Hon. Secretary' of 
the Diocesan Association of the Church Missionary Society; Vice-Chairman 
of Diocesan Branch of Church of England Temperance Society. Recreation : 
Cychng. Club : Athenaeum, Liverpool. 

CANTON, Rev. John Talbot, M.A. (Oxon), Rector of Christ Church, 
Bradford. 

Christ Church Rectory, Bradford, Manchester. Born : June 30th, 1882, 
at Holy Trinity Vicarage, Glossop ; son of the Rev. William John Canton, 
Rector of St. Margaret's, Whalley Range, and Helen Bashall Canton, of Lanes. 
Educated: M.A., B.N.C., Oxford, 1904; Wycliffe Hall, Oxford, 1904-1905. 
Appointment : Rector of Christ Church, Bradford. Travelled : Switzerland 
and France. Recreations : Cricket, football, tennis. Notes : Ordained, 
1905 ; Curate of Christ Church, Bradford, Manchester ; Curate of St. Mar- 
garet's, Whalley Range, 1907-1912 ; Rector of Christ Church, Bradford, 
Manchester, 1912. 



76 LANCASHIRE 



CANTON, Rev. William John, F.R.G.S., F.R.S.L., T.D., Rector of 
St. Margaret's, Whalley Range. 

The Rectory, Whalley Range, Manchester. Born : At Lydstep, South 
Wales; son of James Canton, Lydstep, South Wales, and Mary Canton, 
daughter of Benjamin Gibbon. Educated : Privately, and S. and M, 
Theological College ; F.R.G.S., F.R.S.L. ; T.D., 1913. Married : At Whalley 
Range, Lanes., to Helen Bashall, youngest daughter of John Hick, J. P., D.L. , 
M.P., Mytton Hall, Whalley, Lanes., and has issue two sons and one 
daughter: William Bashall Hick, M.A., born 1880; John Talbot, M.A., 
born 1894 ; Margaret Gwendoline, born 1887. Appointment : Rector of 
St. Margaret's, Whalley Range. Travelled : France, Switzerland, Italy. 
Recreations: Cycling, gardening (specially roses and ferns) , Career: Ordained, 
1878 ; formerly Chaplain of Sulby, Isle of Man, 1878-1882 ; Vicar of Holy 
Trinity, Dinting Vale, Glossop, 1882-1894 ; Rector of St. Margaret's, Whalley 
Range, 1894 ; written Lectures and Sermons ; Chaplain to the 6th Cheshire 
Territorials ; Chaplain for Wounded Soldiers at Local Hospitals ; Hon. Secre- 
tary, Manchester and Salford Penitentiary, 99, Embden Street. Has received 
Territorial Decoration. 

CAPPER, Major Stewart Henbest, M.A., F.S.A., A.R.I.B.A., Hon. 
R.C.A., Architect. 

Cfo J. B. Capper, Mappletons, Bradfield, Reading. Born : 1859, at 
Upper Clapton, London, N. ; son of J. J. Capper, of Upper Clapton. Edu- 
cated : Royal High School, Edinburgh ; Universities of Edinburgh and 
Heidelberg ; Ecole des Beaux Arts, Paris ; M.A., Edinburgh and Manchester. 
Profession : Architect. Appointments : Private Tutor and Secretary in 
household of Sir R. D. B. Morier, British Minister at Lisbon and Madrid, 1879- 
1883 ; Professor of Architecture, McGill University, Montreal, 1896-1903 ; 
Professor of Architecture, Manchester University, 1903-1912. Masonic Lodge : 
2242 " Centurion," Manchester. Notes : Capt. and Brevet-Major (T.F.), Gen. 
Res., late 6th Batt., Manchester Regt., commanding Manchester University 
Contingent, O.T.C., 1908-1912 ; late Capt., Canadian Field Artillery, Montreal ; 
Military Censor, Egypt (Port Said, Alexandria), since October, 1914. 

CARLISLE, Ernest James, M.A., LL.M., Solicitor and Director of 
Ltd. Co. 

Clysbarton, Bramhall Park, Cheshire. Office : 20, St. Ann's Square, 
Manchester. London Agents : Johnson, Weatherall and Sturt. Born : 
November 23rd, 1866, at Southampton ; second son of the Rev. Henry 
Hermann Carhsle, B.A.. LL.B., late of Southampton, and afterwards of 
Scarborough, Congregational Minister, and Annie, second daughter of WUliam 
Champness, of Southampton. Educated : Mill Hill School, London, N.W., 
and St. John's College, Cambridge ; Wrangler in Math. Tripos., 1888, and 
Scholar of St. John's College ; M.A., LL.M. Cantab ; B.A., London. Married : 
October 14th, 1891, at Eccles, to Mary, second daughter of the late William 
Himmers, J. P., of Eccles Old Road, Manchester, and Bessie, elder daughter 
of Robert Lord, of Farnworth, Lanes., and has issue one son and one daughter : 
Henry Barry, born September 4th, 1892 ; Evelyn Bessie, born August 12th, 
1895. Profession : Solicitor, and Director of Ltd. Co. Appointment : 
President of the Manchester Law Society, 1905. Recreation : Riding. Club : 
Union, Manchester. Note : Is partner in the firm of George Hadfield, 
Bennett, and Carlisle, of Manchester ; Director of Nasmyth, Wilson and 
Co., Ltd. 



BIOGRAPHIES 77 



CAROE, Johan Frederik. 

3, Partridge Road, Blundellsands, Lanes. 'Phone : 218 Crosby. Office 
'Phone: Central 386, Liverpool; Telegrams: "Lowe," Liverpool. Born: 
At Linacre, near Liverpool ; son of A. K. Caroe and Jane Kirkpatrick Green. 
Educated : Trinity College, Cambridge ; M.A., LL.B. Married : 1895, to 
Eleanor J. A., daughter of James and Emily Gordon, and has issue three 
sons : F. T. K. ; E. Astrid Gordon ; E. Athelstan Gordon. Profession : 
Barrister-at-Law ; Principal of William Lowe and Sons, Liverpool. ; Consul 
for Denmark. Appointments : Vice-Chairman, Maritime Insurance Co. ; Hon. 
Treasurer, Chamber of Commerce ; Member, Mersey Docks and Harbour 
Board. 

CARR, Edward, J. P., Alderman and Landowner. 

Langroyd, Colne. Born : August nth, 1867, at Langroyd, Colne ; son 
of William James and Martha J. Carr, of Langroyd, Colne. Educated : Oundle 
School. Married : June 14th, 1900, at Parish Church, Colne, to Ann Mabel, 
second daughter of Joseph Henry Threlfall, of Moorlands, Foulridge, and has 
issue one son and two daughters : Evelyn, born October 5th, 1902 ; Joan, 
born October 29th, 1905 ; Edward Ridehaigh, born April 27th, 1907. Appoint- 
ments : J. P. for County of Lancaster and Borough of Colne ; Alderman of 
Colne Corporation ; Mayor, 1905-1907 ; Chairman of Burnley Board of 
Guardians, 1906-1907 ; Co-opted Member of Lanes. Territorial Association. 
Travelled : Egypt, and most of Europe. Recreation : Shooting. Note : 
Landowner in Colne, Foulridge, Nelson, and Kelbrook. 

CARROLL, Walter, Mus.D., Lecturer and Composer. 

Glenluce, Lapwing Lane, Didsbury, Manchester. Born : 1869, at Higher 
Broughton, Manchester ; son of Robert and Fanny Carroll. Educated : 
Privately; Owens College, as Hargreaves Musical Scholar; Mus.B., Durham, 
1891 ; Mus.B., Manchester, 1896 ; Mus.D., Manchester, 1900. Married : 
1896, to Gertrude Southam, and has issue two daughters : Elsa and Ida. 
Appointments : Lecturer in Harmony and Composition ; Secretary to the 
Faculty of Music, and Examiner for Degrees, University of Manchester, from 
1904 ; Professor of Harmony from 1893, and of the Art of Teaching from 
1909, in the Royal Manchester College of Music ; Organist of St. Clement's, 
Greenheys, 1892-1895 ; Lecturer in Vocal Music, Education Department, 
Manchester University, 1892-1909. Publications : Editor of " First Lessons 
in Bach," and the " Classical Library " (Forsyth) ; also composer of " First 
Piano Lessons," in three books (Forsyth), and other works. Recreations: 
Bilhards and gardening. 

CARRUTHERS, Lieut. -Col. Robert, Solicitor. 

Sherwood House, The Vale, Fairfield ; 20, Castle Street, Liverpool. 
Born : May loth, 1856, at Liverpool ; son of Joseph Carruthers and Elizabeth 
Carruthers, of Liverpool. Married : To Amy Gertrude McNab Harrison, 
daughter of Capt. Harrison. Profession : Solicitor. Appointment : Secretary 
to Manager, Council School, Liverpool. Club : Junior Army and Navy. 
Note : Lieut.-Col., late O.C, 5th Irish V.B., King's (Liverpool) Regt., V.D. 

CARTER, Rev. Christopher Anthony, B.A., Vicar of St. Titus', 
Liverpool . 

29, St. Domingo Grove, Liverpool. Born : September 13th, 1853, at 
Dent, Sedbergh, Yorkshire ; son of Anthony and Betty Carter (n6e 
AUen), both of Dent. Educated: Sedbergh Grammar School; St. John's 
College, Cambridge ; B.A., with Mathematical Honours. Married : October 



78 LANCASHIRE 



20th, 1874, to Lavinia E. Mordecai, daughter of Daniel and Lavinia Mordecai, 
of Cambridge, and has issue four sons and two daughters : Percival Anthony, 
Thomas, Ehzabeth Lavinia, Charles Christopher, Daisy Alice, and William 
Herbert. Profession : Vicar of St. Titus', Liverpool. Appointments : Hon. 
Secretary of the Rural Deanery of Liverpool (North) ; also of the Liverpool 
District Provident Society. Recreation : Formerly rowing, football, cricket ; 
now walking, and church school management. Note : His son, William 
Herbert Carter, was a Wrangler at Cambridge (1911) ; passed the Indian Civil 
Service Exam. ; served as Assistant-Magistrate in Bengal ; and is now serv- 
ing as Lieut, in the 2/6th Ghurka Rifles ; has been in action against rebellious 
tribes in the North- West Frontier of India. 

CARTER, Joseph Henry, F.R.S. (Edin.), F.R.C.V.S. (London), 
Veterinary Surgeon and Town Councillor. 

Stone House, Burnley ; Veterinary Establishment, Church Street, 
Burnley. Born : May 5th, 1857, at Bradford, Yorks. ; son of Joseph Shepherd 
and Jane Carter, of Bradford, Yorkshire. Educated : Fellow of the Royal 
College of Veterinary Surgeons, London ; Fellow of the Royal Society, 
Edinburgh. Married : September 26th, 1888, at St. Luke's Church, Brierfield, 
near Burnley, to Amy, only daughter of John Sharpies Veevers, J. P., 
and Ann Veevers, of Lower Reedley House, near Burnley, Lanes., and has 
issue two sons and three daughters : George, Maurice Henry, Marjorie, Doris, 
and Isabel. Profession : Veterinary Surgeon, Appointments : Local Veter- 
inary Inspector, Board of Agriculture and Fisheries, and Veterinary Inspector, 
County Palatine of Lancaster (Blackburn Higher Division) ; President of the 
Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, London, 1913-1914 ; Member of the 
Burnley Town Council 1901 to 1913 ; Chairman, Highways and Sewage Com- 
mittee. Travelled : North and South Africa and the Continent of Europe. 
Notes : Acted as Veterinary Transport Ofiicer during the Boer War, 1901-1902, 
between Fiume, Austro-Hungary, and Port Elizabeth, South Africa ; also 
acted in the same capacity in the present crisis, having crossed the Atlantic 
Ocean eight times in veterinary charge of horses and mules conveyed from 
Canada and the United States to this country. His son, now 2nd Lieut. 
George Veevers Carter, joined General Botha's forces (Natal Field Artillery) 
at Capetown, and accompanied him on his journey, which was a continuous 
march of triumph, in spite of the hardships and dangers they met, such as 
lack of water, poisoned wells, and land mines, etc., up to the surrender of 
German South- West Africa. On his return home, after an absence of eighteen 
months, he made application and obtained his commission in the 2/ist West 
Lanes. Brigade, 2nd Battery, R.F.A. Has since been transferred to the 
Welsh Horse (Cavalry). 

CARTER, Alderman R. A. D., J.P., Bank Manager, Chairman, 
Conservative Association. 

Rushford, Rushford Park, Levenshulme, Manchester. 'Phone : 436 
Rusholme. Born : December 3rd, 1856, at Nicholas Street, Manchester ; 
fourth son of Joseph Janney and Eliza Carter. Educated : Private School, 
Blackpool ; Victoria University. Married : Wife deceased, and has issue 
one son, C. K. Carter, 2nd Lieut., R.E. (Chatham). Occupation: Bank 
Manager. Appointments : Chairman of Stretford Conservative Association ; 
J.P. for Lanes. ; Alderman, City Council ; Member of Finance and Watch 
Committees ; Deputy-Chairman, Art Gallery Committee ; Chairman, Hackney 
Coach Sub-Committee ; Leader No. 2 Co., Special Constables, Manchester ; 
Chairman of Lord Derby's Recruiting Scheme for Stretford Division ; Chair- 
man, Advisory Committee. Stretford Parliamentary Division ; President, 



BIOGRAPHIES 79 



Levenshulme Cricket Club ; Member of Committee who introduced Lacrosse 
to England. Clubs : Arts and Lancastrians, Masonic Lodge : Lord Stanley, 
No. 2891 ; Founder. P.M., P.P.G.S.D., Manchester Dramatic, No. 2387 ; 
P.M., Hon. Member. 

CARTER, Rev. William Nathaniel, B.A. (Oxon). 

7 Alroy Road, Anfield, Liverpool. Born: March r/th. r88r, at Ennis, 
Co. Clare ; son of Abraham and Annie Carter, Steade Road, Sheffield. Edu- 
cated : Primrose Grange School, Sligo ; Collegiate School, Portarlington ; 
Oxford B.A. Appointment : Curate of St. Athanasius, Kirkdale, Liverpool. 
Recreation : Rowing. 

CARUS, Alderman Alexander, K.S.G., J.P.i Cotton Manufacturer. 

Hoddlesden Hall, Darwen ; Hoddlesden Mills, Darwen ; Atlantic Mill 
Blackburn. 'Phone : No. 153. Telegrams : " Carus." Born : 1842, at 
Blackburn ; son of John and Catherine Carus, of Blackburn. Educated : 
Private School. Married : 1870, at St. Alban's, Blackburn, to Agnes, daughter 
of Richard and Mary Shakeshaft, of Preston and Blackburn, and has issue 
five sons and five daughters, Herbert, Agnes, Edmund, Helen, John 
Healey, Francis, Walter, Florence, Ethel and Angela. Occupation : Cotton 
Manufacturer. Appointments : J. P. for County of Lancaster, 1905 ; J. P. 
for Borough of Darwen, 1886 ; K.S.G. (Knight of St. Gregory), N.D., 1906; 
Town Councillor, Darwen, 1890 ; County Councillor of Lanes., 1901 ; 
Alderman, 1904 ; Jubilee Mayor of Darwen, 1895-1897. Notes : Has two 
sons at the front : Major Edmund L, Carus, 4th Batt. East Lanes. Regt. 
(T.F.), wounded and mentioned in despatches ; Capt. Francis X. S. Cams, 
1st East Lancashire Brigade, R.F.A. 

GASARTELLI, Rt. Rev. Louis Charles, Bishop of Salford, D.D., 
DXitt.Or., M.A. 

St. Bede's College, Alexandra Park, Manchester, S.W. 'Phone : Chorl- 
ton, 241. Born : 1852, at Manchester ; son of Joseph Casartelli, of Como, 
Italy, and subsequently of Manchester. Educated : Ushaw College and 
Louvain University ; Theology and Eastern Languages, and in 1884 took 
Degree of Doctor of Oriental Literature; Graduated M.A., of London, in 
1873, whilst at Ushaw College. Officer of the Order of Leopold of 
Belgium, 1903. Appointments : Ordained in 1876, and taught at St. 
Bede's College, Manchester ; became Rector, 1891 ; President of Man- 
chester Statistical Society, 1898-1900 ; President of Manchester Dante Society 
from 1906, and of the Manchester Egyptian Association, 1908-1910 ; Pro- 
fessor of Zend and Pehlevi, Louvain, 1900-1903 ; Lecturer on same at Man- 
chester University since 1903 ; Secretary of many Annual Conferences of 
Catholic Colleges ; Consecrated Bishop of Salford, 1903 ; Chairman of the 
Salford Catholic Protection and Rescue Society, and President of the Salford 
Catholic Federation ; Chairman, since 1915, of the Universities Catholic 
Education Board ; in 1909, represented Universities of London and Man- 
chester at the Jubilee of Louvain University, received Hon. Degree D.D. 
Publications : " La Philosophie religieuse du Mazdeisme sous les Sassanides," 
1884, and of other publications in English and French, dealing with subjects 
of Oriental study ; he edited Illustrated Catholic Missions, 1889-1903 : Author of 
" Sketches in History, Chiefly Ecclesiastical " ; contributed to Th^ Tablet, 
Dublin Review, Hastings' "Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics," "The 
Catholic Encyclopaedia," and other works. 



8o LANCASHIRE 



CASE, Henry William, Surgeon, Director. 

Sunwick, Chorlton-cum-Hardy. Born : 1869, at Greenbank, Ulverston ; 
son of Robert Fell and Agnes Harriet Case, of Greenbank, Ulverston. Edu- 
cated : Cambridge and Edinburgh Universities ; M.B., CM. Married : 
Constance Mary, daughter of Edward Lees Kenworthy, of Hampton 
House, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, and has issue three daughters : Dorothy Fell 
Kenworthy ; MoUie Fell ; Nora Fell. Profession : Surgeon ; Director 
of R. F. Case and Co. Ltd., Barrow-in-Furness. Recreations : Golf, cricket, 
football (Rugby Union, Lanes. County and International, and Edinburgh 
University). Club : North Lonsdale. 

CASSIDY, John, R.C.A., R.B.S., Royal Sculptor. 

Studios : Lincoln Grove, Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester. Born : 
At Slane, Co. Meath. As a sculptor has been patronised by Her Majesty the 
Queen ; has executed statues of Colston, at Bristol ; Queen Victoria, at 
Belfast ; Dobson, at Bolton ; Ben Brierley, at Queen's Park, Manchester ; 
the principal statues in the John Rylands' Library, and the great statue of 
King Edward VH. for Manchester, etc. Is Treasurer of the Manchester 
Academy of Art, and a Governor of the Whitworth Institution. 

CATON, Richard, M.D., LL.D. (Edin.), LL.D. (Liverpool), J.P., 
Physician. 

3, Livingston Drive South, Liverpool. Born : At Bradford, York- 
shire ; son of Richard and Mary Caton, of Lanes. Educated : M.D., 
Edinburgh; LL.D., Edinburgh; LL.D., Liverpool. Married: At Edin- 
burgh, to Annie, daughter of Wm. Ivory, of St. Roque, Edinburgh, and 
has issue two daughters : Annie Rose and Mildred Robina. Appointments : 
Consulting Physician to Royal Infirmary, and Emeritus Professor at Uni- 
versity of Liverpool ; Vice-Chairman, University Council ; Vice-Chairman, 
School of Tropical Medicine ; Hon. Secretary, Liverpool Cathedral Com- 
mittee ; J. P. for Liverpool ; Immigration Commissioner ; Member of General 
Medical Council ; ex-Lord Mayor of Liverpool. Publications : " Prevention 
of Valvular Disease of the Heart " ; " Temples and Ritual of Asklepios " ; 
" How to Live," etc. Travelled : Europe, and parts of Asia, Africa, and 
North America. Recreations : Travel, mountain climbing., sketching, fishing. 
Clubs : Royal Societies in London, University, and Athenaeum, in Liver- 
pool. Note : Small landowner in North Lanes. 

CAUTLEY, Rev. Proby Francis Lister, M.A. (Cantab). 

26, Brighton Grove, Rusholme, Manchester. Born : January 3rd, 1882, 
at Southwold Vicarage, Suffolk ; son of the Rev. Proby Littler Cautley, 
Quainton Rectory, Aylesbury. Educated : Charterhouse and Trinity College, 
Cambridge ; M.A. ; Historical Tripos, Second Class, 1903, Part I., and 1904, 
Part II. Appointment : Assistant-Curate of Birch-in-Rusholme. Recrea- 
tion : Shooting. Note : Late Assistant Curate of Doncaster Parish Church. 
Recently appointed to Aylesbury. 

CAWLEY, Sir Frederick, First Baronet (1906), Chancellor of the 
Duchy of Lancaster, M.P., J. P. 

Brooklands, Prestwich, Manchester ; Berrington Hall, Leominster. 
Born : 1850 ; sixth son of Thomas Cawley (died 1875), of Priestland, Cheshire. 
Educated : Aldersey Grammar School. Married : 1876, to the daughter of 
J. Smith, of Kynal Lodge, Audlem, and has issue four sons : Robert H., 
bom 1877 ; Harold Thomas, born 1878 ; John Stephen, and Oswald. Appoint- 
ments : J.P. for Lanes, and Herefordshire ; M.P. (L.), South East Lanes. 



BIOGRAPHIES 8i 



(Prestwich Division), from 1895. Recreation: Hunting and shooting; 
interested in antiques and fine arts. Clubs : Reform and Brooks's, London. 
Notes: Second son, Capt. H. T. Cawley, M.P., 6th Batt. Manchester Regt. 
(T.F.), killed at Gallipoli, September 23rd, 1915 ; third son, Major J. S. 
Cawley, 20th Hussars Brigade, ist Cavalry Brigade, killed at Nery, in France, 
September ist, 1914. 

CHADWICK, Joseph, Member, Mersey Docks and Harbour Board, 
1891-1911. 

Cromer, Hoylake, Cheshire. Born : 1840, at Liverpool. Appointments : 
Formerly Senior Partner of Joseph Chadwick and Sons, Shipowners (retired 
1911) ; Member of Mersey Docks and Harbour Board, 1891-1911 ; and 
Chairman, Docks and Quays Committee, 1907-1910 ; Chairman, Liverpool 
Ship Owners' Association, 1886-1888 ; Chairman of Lloyd's Registry (Liver- 
pool Committee), 1903-1905 ; Hon. Treasurer, Bidston Hill Purchase Fund, 
1893-1911. 

CHALLENOR, Rev. John William, Rector of Christ Church, Moss Side. 

Christ Church Rectory, Moss Side, Manchester. Born : March 31st, 
1861, at Billinge, Wigan ; son of Thomas and Mary Challenor. Educated: 
Ashton-in-Makerfield Grammar School ; King's College, in the University of 
London, A.K.C., First Class, 1886 ; Succentor of King's College Chapel, 
1884-1886. Married : 1886, to Emily Markham Gibb, of North Shields and 
London, and has issue three sons and one daughter : Lionel Thomas Challenor, 
M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., born 1887 ; Bertram Harry Challenor, of Queen's CoUege. 
Cambridge, born 1888 ; Stanley Markham Challenor, of St. John's College, 
Oxford, and Rangoon, Burma, born 1890 ; Irene Monica Challenor, born 
1896. Appointments : Formerly Curate of St. George's, Altrincham ; Clerk 
in Orders, and Succentor of Manchester Cathedral, now Rector of Christ Church. 
Moss Side, Manchester ; Surrogate ; Lecturer in Dogmatic Theology and 
Secretary, " Scholae Episcopi," Manchester, from 1893 ; C.T.F. (First Class) 
T.D. 1912 ; Long Service Medal, 191 1 (Volunteer Force) ; P.P.G.C, East 
Lanes. ; P.M. Chaplain, East Lanes. ; " Centurion," Lodge No. 2322 ; Assessor 
for the Archdeaconry of Manchester, under the Clergy DiscipHne Act of 1892 ; 
Trustee of the Livings of Christ Church, Moss Side, and of St. Luke, Chorlton- 
on-Medlock, Manchester. Recreations : Lounging, boating, fishing, tennis, 
music. Clubs : Church Imperial, London, and Old Rectory, Manchester. 

CHAMBERS, Kenneth William, LL.B., Solicitor. 

21, Broadway, Withington, Manchester. Of&ces : 40, Hyde Road, 
Denton, Manchester ; 195, Hyde Road, Gorton, Manchester ; Booth Street, 
Ashton-under-Lyne. Born : August 20th, 1888, at Denton, Lanes. ; only 
son of William Frederick Chambers, of 21, Broadway, Withington, Man- 
chester, and Helen Mather, youngest daughter of Robert and Esther Mather, 
of Earl's Court, London. Educated : Victoria Park School, Manchester ; the 
Manchester Grammar School ; Manchester University. Profession : Sohcitor. 
Appointments : Ex-Editor of the Manchester Law Students' Chronicle, 
Ex-Assistant Secretary to the Old Mancunians Amateur Dramatic Society. 
Travelled : British Isles. Recreations : Athletics, tennis, golf, amateur 
theatricals, motoring. Notes : Admitted Sohcitor, 191 1 ; member of 
the firm of Chambers and Chambers, of Denton, Manchester and Ashton- 
under-Lyne. Has taken part in several of the Manchester Law Students' 
Mock Trials; Member of several Mock Trial Sub-Committees; Winner of 
the Manchester Law Students' Speaking Prize, 191 1 ; Championsliip of 
the Victoria Park School, 1903 ; once held record for 220 yards at the Man- 
chester Grammar School. 



82 LANCASHIRE 



CHAMBERS, William Frederick, Solicitor and Commissioner for 
Oaths. 

21, Broadway, Withington, Manchester. Ofi&ces : 40, Hyde Road, 
Denton, near Manchester ; 195, Hyde Road, Gorton, Manchester ; and Booth 
Street, Ashton-under-Lyne, (London Agents : Messrs. Indermaur and 
Brown, 22, Chancery Lane, W.C). Born: February 24th, 1856, at Tim- 
perley, Cheshire ; eldest son of Frederick James Chambers, of Athol Villa, 
Bloomsbury Lane, Timperley, and Ellen, youngest daughter of Richard 
Horton, of Weaver View, Little Leigh, Cheshire. Educated : Privately, and 
at Bolton High School. Married : April 26th, 1887, at Manchester Cathedral, 
to Helen, youngest daughter of Robert and Esther Mather, of Earl's Court, 
London, and has issue one son : Kenneth William, born August 20th, 1888 
(LL.B., Victoria University). Profession: Solicitor and Commissioner for 
Oaths. Admitted, 1878 ; Partner in the firm of Chambers and Chambers, of 
Denton, Manchester, and Ashton-under-Lyne, and is a Commissioner for 
Oaths ; has figured prominently in professional connections with some cele- 
brated civil and criminal causes, amongst others being the mysterious Gorse 
Hall Murder Case ; successfully defended Mark Wilde, the second person to 
be charged with the murder of Mr. G. H. Storrs, in the mysterious Gorse Hall 
Case ; was the first Solicitor to enter an action to recover damages for breach 
of promise of marriage in the County Court. The originator of the scheme 
of taxing surplus profits arising out of and incident to the present war, and 
the author of a letter in The Times, written November 6th, 1914, urging the 
adoption of the scheme which has now been adopted, and since copied by 
Germany. Appointments : Was one of the first members of the Denton Urban 
District Council, but retired, after three years' service, owing to pressure of 
business ; Prominent Freemason, being a Past Provincial Officer in the Craft 
and Royal Arch Degrees, and at present Chancellor of the Priory of Lanes., 
of the Religious and Military Orders of the Temple and of St. John of Jeru- 
salem, Palestine, Rhodes, and Malta. Travelled : France, Belgium, Holland, 
Germany, Norway, and British Isles. Recreations : Motoring, shooting, aquatics. 
Notes : Once well known, locally, as amateur actor, swimmer, runner, and shot. 

CHAMBRES, Rev. Gordon Crewe, M.A. (Oxon), F.C.S. 

31, Upper Dicconson Street, Wigan ; Edrin, Talsarnau, Merioneth. 
Born : April 26th, 1861, at The Eyrie, Wallasey, Cheshire ; eldest son of 
Charles Crewe Chambres and Lucy Bewley. Educated : Dulwich College, 
Balliol, and Christ Church, Oxford ; Exhibitioner of Balliol ; Scholar of Christ 
Church ; First Class, Natural Science ; M.A., Oxford. Married : December 
20th, 1910, to Lilian Annie Plant, daughter of John Plant, and has issue one 
son and one daughter : Lucy and John. Appointments : Head Master, Wigan 
Grammar School ; Fellow Chemical Society ; Member of Incorporated 
Association of Head Masters. Recreation : Scoutmaster. Career : Demon- 
strator, Christ Church, 1884 ; studied at University of Marberg in Hessen, 
1885-1886 ; Lecturer, Keble College, 1887 ; Science Master, Uttoxeter Grammar 
School, 1887-1889, and at Bromsgrove School, 1889-1891 ; Head Master 
Wigan Grammar School, since 1891 ; Deacon, 1888 ; Priest, 1889, Lichfield ; 
Licensed Preacher, Liverpool, 1895. 

CHANDLER, Alfred, of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board. 

Dock Offices, Pier Head, Liverpool. Born : At Liverpool ; son of 
James Henry and Dorothy Chandler. Educated : Liverpool Institute. 
Married : December 9th, 1880, to Catherine, daughter of Robert WilUams. 
Occupation: General Manager and Secretary of Mersey Docks and Harbour 
Board, from 1912, in succession to Mr. Miles Kirk Burton ; joined the Board, 
1878. Masonic Lodge : 216 Harmonic, Liverpool. 



BIOGRAPHIES 83 



CHAPMAN, Alderman Arthur Wilson, M.B., CM., J.P. 

6, Vine Street, Hulme ; and Oakworth, Upper Chorlton Road, 
Brook's Bar, Manchester. Born : 1862, at Birmingham. Educated : 
Manchester Grammar School and Aberdeen University. Appointments : 
Vice-President, Crimean and Indian Mutiny Veterans' Association, late Coun- 
cillor ; represents (Con.) Medlock Street Ward in City Council ; elected Coun- 
cillor, November, 1901 ; J.P. in December, 1905 ; Alderman for the City of 
Manchester, August, 1915 ; Director at works engaged on munitions. 
Publications : " Medical Examination of Tramway Employees " (Technical 
Press) . 

CHAPMAN, Sydney John, M.A., M.Com., Professor of Political 
Economy, Manchester University. 

Burnage Lodge, Levenshulme, Manchester. Born : April 20th, 1871, 
at Wells, Norfolk ; second son of David Chapman. Educated : Manchester 
Grammar School; Owens College, Manchester; and Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge ; University Prizeman (Cobden, Adam Smith) ; Guy Silver Medallist, 
Royal Statistical Society, 1914. Married : 1903, to Mabel Gwendoline, only 
daughter of J. H. Mordey, J. P., Newport, Mon., and has issue two sons and 
one daughter. Appointments : Jevons Research Student, Owens College, 
Manchester, 1898 ; Lecturer, Economic and Political Science, Cardiff University, 
1899-1901 ; Professor of PoHtical Economy,, Owens College, Manchester, 
1901 ; Dean of Faculty of Commerce and Administration, University of Man- 
chester since 1904 ; Member of Advisory Committee of Census of Production 
1907 ; President, Section F. (Economics and Statistics), of British Associa- 
tion, 1909 ; Chairman of Economic (Labour) Commission of Union of South 
Africa, 1913. Publications : " Foreign Competition," 1904 ; " Wages and 
Employment," 1907 ; " Social Betterment," 1914, being Vols. L, II., and 
III. of a continuation of Lord Brassey's work ; and " Wages." etc. (in collabora- 
tion with Lord Brassey) ; " The Lancashire Cotton Industry," 1904 ; " The 
Cotton Industry and Trade," 1905 ; " Unemployment in Lancashire " (with 
H. M. Hallsworth), 1909 ; " Outlines of Political Economy," 1911. Recrea- 
tion : Golf. 

CHAPMAN, Rev. Canon Thomas Alfred, M.A. (Dub.), B.D. (Oxon), 
Vicar and Rural Dean. 

The Vicarage, Bolton-le-Moors. Born : November 20th, 1867, at Hanley, 
Staffs. ; son of Thomas Chapman, sometime Vicar of Christ Church, Chad- 
derton, and Elizabeth Chapman. Educated : Exeter College, Oxford J 
Degrees: M.A. (Dublin); B.D. (Oxford). Married: October 2nd. 1894, at 
Charles Church, Plymouth, to Catherine Mary Bewes, daughter of C. T. 
Bewes, of Home Lodge, Mannamead, Plymouth, and has issue three 
sons and one daughter : Alfred Reginald Bewes. born July 13th, 1895 ; 
Catherine Milly Soltau, born May 3rd, 1898 ; Cecil Anstis Bewes, born July 
31st, 1900 ; Edward Nowel Bewes, born December 27th, 1901. Appoint- 
ments : Vicar and Rural Dean of Bolton, 1909 ; Proctor in Convocation for 
the Archdeaconry of Rochdale, 1910 ; Honorary Canon of Manchester Cathe- 
dral, 1911 ; Chaplain to the High Sheriffs of Lanes., 1913-1914 ; Chaplain to 
the 3rd East Lanes., Royal Field Artillery, 1909 ; Vice-Chairman of Primary 
Committee, Bolton Education Authority, 1909 ; Travelled : Morocco, Spain, 
Portugal. Recreations : Golf, rowing, walking. Clubs : Rectory Old, and 
Territorial Institute, both in Manchester. Masonic : Appointed, in 1913, 
Provincial Grand Chaplain for East Lanes. Note : His eldest son, Alfred 
Reginald Bewes Chapman, has been since 1914 a Lieut, in the 5th Loyal 
North Lanes. Regt., and was twice wounded last year. Killed in action near 
Arras, June 6th, 1916. 



«4 LANCASHIRE 



CHAPMAN, William, J.P., Town CounciUor. 

163, Manchester Road, Heaton Chapel ; Waterloo Buildings, Piccadilly, 
Manchester. Born : March 14th, 1862, at Ulceby, Lincolnshire ; son of 
Wilham and Sarah Chapman, of Ulceby. Educated : Ulceby National School. 
Married : At Manchester, to Ethel Crewe, of Manchester, and has issue one 
son and one daughter ; Felicia Stowe Olga, born April 30th, 1898 ; lean 
William Grimwald, bom June 6th, 191 1. Appointments : Councillor, Man- 
chester, 1907 ; J. P., Manchester, 1905 ; Civilian Recruiting Agent for Heaton 
Chapel. Travelled : France, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland. 

CHARLEWOOD, Edward Philips, M.A. (Oxon). 

5A, Pall Mcill East, London, S.W. ; 51, South King Street, Manchester. 
Born : January 3rd, 1853, at Walmer, Kent ; second son of Admiral Edward 
Philips Charlewood, of Port Hill, Bideford, N. Devon, and Sarah Carlton, 
daughter of W. Wyllie, of Kingston, Hants. Educated : Chfton College ; 
Pembroke College, Oxford; M.A. (Oxon). Married: April 20th, 1879, at 
Hampton Court Palace, to Everilda, second daughter of General Chesney, of 
Packolet, Co. Down, Ireland, and Louisa, daughter of James Fletcher, and has 
issue one son, Rawdon Edward, born February 28th, 1880. Appointments : 
Registrar of Diocese of Manchester, and Secretary to the Bishop of Manchester 
from 1884 ; Secretary of the Royal Commission on Ecclesiastical Disciphne, 
1904-1906 ; Hon. Secretary of the York House of Lajmien. Travelled : 
Norway, Mediterranean, Continent. Recreations : Shooting and cricket. 
Club : Windham, St. James' Square, London, S.W. 

CHARLTON, Samuel Ernest, Stockbroker. 

42, Trafalgar Road, Birkdale ('Phone : 305 Birkdale), and Chorlton, 
Southport. Born : August 30th, 1882, at Manchester ; son of Frederick 
and Frances Emily Charlton (nee Cottrill). Married : June 21st, 1905, to 
HUda Seed, daughter of John and Betsy Seed. Occupation : Stockbroker. 
Appointments : Special Constable (ex-Member of National Guard) ; Hon. 
Treasurer, Soldiers' and Sailors' Families Association, Southport Branch ; 
employed by War Trade Department. Recreation : Lawn Tennis. Clubs : 
Savage, Southport ; Birkdale Golf ; Northern Lawn Tennis, 

CHAVASSE, Right Rev. Francis James, D.D., Bishop of Liverpool. 

The Palace, 19, Abercromby Square, Liverpool. Born : September 27th, 
1846 ; fifth son of the late Thomas Chavasse, F.R.C.S., of Wylde Green House, 
Sutton Coldfield, and Miriam Sarah, daughter of James Wylde, of St, John's 
Wood, N,W, Educated : Corpus Christi College, Oxford ; B.A., 1869 ; M.A,, 
1872 ; D.D., 1900. Deacon, 1870 ; Priest, 1871. Married : September 27th, 
1881, to Edith Jane, younger daughter of Canon Maude, Vicar of Chirk, 
Appointments : Curate of St. Paul's, Preston, 1870-1873 ; Vicar of St. Paul's, 
Upper Holloway, 1873-1878 ; Rector of St. Peter-le-Bailey, Oxford, 1878- 
1889 ; Examining Chaplain to the Bishop of Exeter, 1885-1900 ; Select 
Preacher at Oxford, 1888-1889, 1901-1902, and at Cambridge, 1893-1902 ; 
Principal of Wycliffe Hall, Oxford, 1889-1900 ; Lecturer in Pastoral Theology 
at Cambridge, 1898 ; Consecrated by the late Archbishop of York (The Right 
Hon. and Most Reverend William Dalrymple Maclagan, P.C, D.D., D.CL.), 
in 1900, Bishop of Liverpool. Capt. Noel Godfrey Chavasse, M.C., M.B. 
(son), has been awarded the V,C. 

CHEADLE, Frank. 

680, Tonge Moor Road, Bolton ; 13-15, Burns Street, Bolton, Born : 
February 15th, 1885 ; son of William and Elizabeth Cheadle. Educated : 
Bolton Council School. Married : September 5th, 1911, at Woolwich, to 



BIOGRAPHIES 85 

Florence E. Conway, daughter of A. Conway, Esq., of Plumstead, and has 
issue one son : Appointments : President of Bolton Labour Party, 1911- 
1913 ; Methodist Local Preacher ; Member of Town Council, November ist, 
igii. 

CHELL, Herbert William, Solicitor and Commissioner of Oaths. 

" Sunnybank," Tottington, Lanes. Offices : 9, Broad Street, Bury, 
and Diocesan Church House, Manchester. (London Agents : Messrs. Rawle, 
Johnstone and Co., i, Bedford Row, W.C. Born : August 27th, 1865, at 
St. Paul's Vicarage, Bury, Lanes. ; youngest son of the Rev. James Chell, 
late Vicar of St. Paul's Church, Bury, and Henrietta, youngest daughter of 
Captain Henry Thompson, of Her Late Majesty's 66th Foot, of the Island 
Bridge Barracks, Dublin (both deceased). Educated : Bury Grammar School. 
Married : April 17th, 1895, at All Saints' Church, Elton, Bury, to Edith, 
eldest daughter of Mark Warburton, J. P., of " Ashleigh," Elton, Bury, and 
Hannah, only daughter of James Hunt, of Bolton, and has issue one son and 
two daughters : Kathleen Mary, born October 12th, 1902 ; Stephen Warburton, 
born November 4th, 1905 ; Edith Marcia, born July 20th, 1908. Profession : 
Solicitor and Commissioner of Oaths. Appointments : Hon. Secretary, Bury 
and District Law Society ; Legal Adviser on Education for the Diocese of 
Manchester ; Member of the Law Society ; Member of York House of Lay- 
men ; Representative, Church Council ; Diocesan Treasurer, S.P.G. ; formerly 
a member of the Council of the County Borough of Bury. Travelled : 
The British Isles. Recreation : Gardening. Clubs : Central Conservative, 
Bury ; Old Rectory, Manchester. 

CHESNEY, Edward Shuldham, Solicitor and Notary Public. 

" Redcliffe," Alderley Edge, Cheshire. Office : 51, South King Street , 
Manchester. Born : April 8th, 1856, at Packolet, Co. Down, Ireland ; third 
son of General Francis Rawdon Chesney, of Packolet, Co. Down, and Louisa, 
youngest daughter of Edward Fletcher, of Park Street, London, W. Edu- 
cated : Cheltenham College, and R.A. College, Cirencester, Gloucestershire. 
Married : July 24th. 1890, at Heysham, near Lancaster, to Alice Maud, 
seventh daughter of the late F. W. Grafton, of Heysham Hall, Lancaster, 
and Emily Sophia, elder daughter of William Howard, and has issue two 
sons and two daughters : Dennis, born May ist, 1892 ; John, bom August 
loth, 1894 ; Kathleen, born April 26th, 1899 ; Ileene, born April 20th, 1902. 
Profession : Solicitor and Notary Public. (London Agents : Williamson, Hill 
and Co., 13, Sherborne Lane, E.C.). Appointments : Deputy Registrar 
for the Diocese of Manchester ; Secretary, Board of Finance, for the same 
Diocese. Travelled : India, 1880-1883. Recreations : Riding and boating. 
Club : Union, Manchester. 

CHESTER, James Thomas, J.P. 

Jos. Bell and Sons, Bells' Buildings, St. John Street, Liverpool ('Phone : 
Bank 4555) ; andWestlands.LyndhurstRoad, Wallasey ('Phone : Liscard468). 
Born : June 5th, 1858. at Liverpool. Educated : Chetham's Hospital, Man- 
chester. Appointments : First Mayor of Wallasey, iqio-iqii ; J.P. for 
Cheshire, 1912 ; J.P. for Wallasey, 1915 ; Member of Recruiting Committee ; 
Member of Military Advisory Committee. 

CLARKE, Ven. Archdeacon Arthur Frederic, M.A. (Oxon.). 

The Vicarage, Rochdale. Born : 1848, at London ; second son of 
Seymour Clarke, of Hatfield, Herts. Educated : Charterhouse, and Trinity 
College, Oxford; M.A. (Oxon). Married: 1877, to Laura A., daughter of 
John A. Russell, of Yeatton. Hants, and has issue one son and two daughters : 



86 LANCASHIRE 



Muriel Gertrude Macleod Harrison-Topham, Laura Dorothy Macleod Reade, 
Arthur Denison Macleod. Travelled : Europe and India. Recreations : 
Tennis, golf, fishing, riding. Clubs : Vincent's, Oxford ; Tennis and Racquet, 
Manchester ; Old Rectory, Manchester. Note : Won the three miles 
for Oxford v. Cambridge, 1871. Career : Ordained Deacon, 1873 ; Priest, 
1874, at York ; Curate of Parish Church (St. Mary's), Beverley, 1873-1874 ; 
in charge of Linthorpe, Middlesbrough, 1875 ; Curate of Alvechurch, 1875- 
1876 ; Curate-in-Charge of Leek Wootton, 1877 ; Inspector of Schools, 
Diocese of Worcester, 1878-1881 ; Vicar of Cockerham (Manchester Diocese), 
1881-1905 ; Archdeacon of Lancaster, 1895-1905 ; Vicar of Rochdale, 1905 ; 
Hon. Canon of Manchester, 1905-1910 ; Proctor for Archdeaconry of Man- 
chester, 1910 ; Archdeacon of Rochdale, 1910. Chaplain, 6th Batt., Lanes. 
Fusiliers (T.F.). 

CLARKE, Rev. Benjamin Strettell, M.A., Vicar of Christ Church, 
Eccleston. 

Eccleston Vicarage, Prescot. Born : 1857, at Southport ; son of 
Benjamin Strettell and Sarah Clarke (nee Mocatta), formerly of South- 
port. Educated : Giggleswick, and St. John's, Cambridge ; B.A., 1880 ; 
M.A., 1884. Married: 1889, at St. Werburgh's, Spondon, Derbyshire, to 
Agnes Mary Lilly, daughter of O. M. LiUy, The Croft, Spondon, and has issue 
three sons and three daughters : Irene Frances, born 1890 ; Noel Strettell, 
born 1891 (died 1892) ; Cecil Strettell, born 1893 ; Neda Dorothea, born 
1895 ; Charles Ohver Strettell, born 1902 ; Aileen Agnes Mocatta, born 1904. 
Appointments : Ordained Deacon, 1880 ; Priest, 1881 ; Assistant Curate of 
Christ Church, Eccleston, 1880-1882 ; Assistant Curate of St. George's, New- 
castle, Staffs., 1882-1886; Vicar of Christ Church, Eccleston, Prescot, 1886. 
Travelled : Continent and Canary Islands. Recreations : Tennis, cricket, 
golf, boating. Clubs : Grange Park Golf Club ; formerly Lady Margaret 
Boat Club and Cambridge University Boat Club. Notes : Coxed Cambridge 
University Boat in 1880 ; father formerly Archdeacon of Liverpool, and 
Vicar of Christ Church, Southport. 

CLARKE, Rev. Charles Maurice, M.A. (Cantab.), Rector. 

St. James' Rectory, Moss Side, Manchester. Born : January 8th, 1865, 
at Southport, Lanes. ; son of Venerable Archdeacon B. S. Clarke (deceased). 
Educated : Giggleswick Grammar School ; Trinity College, Cambridge ; 
M.A., 1890. Married : 1894, at Christ Church, Southport, to Emmehne 
Den Duyts, of Liverpool, and has issue one son : Charles Maurice Strettell 
Clarke. Appointment: Rector of St. James', Moss Side, Manchester. Notes: 
Formerly Member of the Preston Education Committee ; formerly Vicar of 
Christ Church, Preston ; Local Representative (Manchester) of Inns of Court 
O.T.C. ; his son, C. M. S. Clarke, an undergraduate of Queens' College, 
Cambridge, is in the East Lanes. Field Ambulance (R.A.M.C). 

CLARKE, Charles Allen (otherwise *' Teddy Ashton "). 

South Shore, Blackpool. Born : 1863, at Bolton ; son of Joseph Clarke 
(Lancashire born, but of Irish descent), and Martha Marsh (native of 
Warrington), both belonging to the artisan class. Educated: In Public 
Elementary Schools. Married: Twice — (i) to Lavinia Pilling, daughter of 
Thomas Pilling, of Bolton ; (2) to Eliza Taylor, daughter of John Taylor, of 
Chorley, later of Bolton, and has issue four sons and three daughters ; Lavinia, 
Frank (deceased), May (deceased), Frankhn, Charles, Edward, and Dorothy. 
Occupation and Career : Worked in cotton factory as a boy, then became 
teacher, assistant schoolmaster, and eventually got into journalism. When a 



BIOGRAPHIES 87 



youth won prizes in C as sell's Saturday Journal and other papers for verses, 
etc. Ran Teddy Ashton's Weekly for about fourteen years, and then 
joined the Liverpool Weekly Post. For twenty-five years has pubUshed 
" Teddy Ashton's Annual," which is still running. Has written serial stories 
for London and provincial papers, and published several stories in book form, 
including, " John O'God's Sending," " The Knobstick," " Tales of a Deserted 
Village," " Lane. Lassies and Lads," " The Men who Fought for Us," etc. ; 
also a sociological work, " The Effects of the Factory System," " Windmill 
Land," and a great number of books in the Lancashire folk-speech. Dialect 
writing is only a small proportion of his output. 

CLARKE, George Fewkes, Chartered Accountant. 

Woodleigh, Newton-le-Willows, Lanes. ; 24, Sir Thomas Street, LiverpooL 
Born : January 22nd, 1871, at Earlestown, Lanes. ; son of John and Eliza 
Clarke, of Earlestown. Educated : Elementary School and Evening Classes, 
Liverpool University. Married : August 22nd, 1895, to Emma Jane 
Partington, fifth daughter of Richard and Ann Partington, and has issue five 
daughters : Marjorie, Eileen, Constance, Isobel, Margot, Profession : Char- 
tered Accountant. Appointments : Conservative Candidate for Westhoughton 
Division of East Lanes., December, 1910, and Prospective Candidate at next 
Election ; Ex-Member, Liverpool City CouncU, and Newton-in-Makerfield 
Urban District Council ; Clerk to Local Education Committee and Old Age 
Pensions Committee, Newton-in-Makerfield sub-area of Lanes. Education 
Committee. Author : " Text Book on Book-keeping." Travelled : France 
and Germany. Recreations : Golf and motoring. Club : Junior Conser- 
vative, Liverpool. Notes : Owner of house and shop properties at Newton, 
Earlestown, and Huyton, Lanes. ; served as Sectional Commander of 
Special Constables for Newton-le-Willows ; Member of Executive, Local 
Parliamentary Recruiting Committee and Advisory Committee, under Lord 
Derby's Scheme of Recruiting. 

CLARKE, Major Reginald Jaeger, Solicitor. 

Buckingham Road, Tuebrook, Liverpool. Ofi&ce : 24, Dale Street, 
Liverpool. (London Agents : Pritchard, Englefield and Co.). Born : May 
2nd, 1870, at Aughton, near Ormskirk, Lanes. ; son of Thomas Barnes Clarke 
(deceased), of Liverpool, and Viola Woodman, daughter of the late Edgar 
Musgrove, of West Tower, Aughton. Educated : Merchant Taylors' School, 
Great Crosby ; and at Detmold, Germany. Married : April i6th, 1898, to the 
younger daughter of the late George Penn Tithurton, of West Derby, Lanes. 
Profession : Solicitor. Appointments : Elected to Liverpool City Council, 
November, 1909 (Edge Hill Ward) ; Deputy-Chairman, Tramway Electric 
Power and Lighting Committee ; Chairman, Schools Management Sub-Com- 
mittee of the Education Committee, and member of the Housing Committee ; 
Life Governor of Liverpool College and Liverpool Institute. Travelled : 
Only to Paris, Brussels, Germany, and Switzerland. Clubs : Conservative 
Liverpool ; Junior Conservative, and Colonial London. Note : Is Major, 
9th Batt., The King's (Liverpool) Regt. 

CLARKSON, Herbert Green, Solicitor. 

" The Friars," St. Michaels, Liverpool. Born : August 12th, 1863, at 
Liverpool ; fifth son of William Clarkson, of the " Friars," St, Michaels, 
Liverpool, and Emma Lucy, second daughter of WiUiam Green, of Hoddesdon, 
Hertfordshire. Educated : Malvern College, Worcestershire ; and Clare College, 
Cambridge. Travelled : Continent of Europe, Canada, United States of 
America, and South Africa. Recreation : Golf. Clubs : Racquet, 



88 LANCASHIRE 



Liverpool ; Formby Golf ; New Oxford and Cambridge, Pall Mall, 
London. Note : Served for two years in the South African War with South 
Lanes. Regt. ; has been engaged on recruiting work in Liverpool since 
August, 1914. 

GLARKSON, JESSE, J.P., Bleacher and Dyer Manager. 

Rose Villa, Stump Lane, Chorley, Born : 1858, at Horwich ; fourth 
son of William Clarkson, of Horwich, Lanes. Educated : Rivington Grammar 
School. Married : 1881, to the daughter of William Hodge, of Longton, 
Lanes., and has issue one son and one daughter : Hannah and WilUam James. 
Occupation : Representative, Bleach and Dye Works, and Assistant Manager. 
Appointment : J. P. for Lanes., 1913. Recreation : Cycling and travel. Club : 
Reform, Chorley. 

CLAYTON, Rev. Francis William, M.A. (Oxon.). 

31, Moore Street, South Shore, Blackpool. Born : March 26th, 1884, at 
Howe Bridge Vicarage ; son of the Rev. William Robert Clayton and Frances 
Ehzabeth Clayton. Educated : Bolton Grammar School ; Jesus College, 
Oxford ; B.A. (Oxon), 1905 (Fourth Class Mod. History) ; M.A., 1909. 
Appointments : Assistant-Curate, St. Luke's, Lancaster, 1909 ; Curate-in- 
Charge of St. Peter's Church, South Shore, 1914-1915 (resigned 1915). Club : 
Union Society, Oxford. Notes : Formerly Assistant-Master, Windermere 
Grammar School (1905-1908), and Assistant-Curate, Windermere Parish 
Church, 1907-1909. 

CLAYTON, Robert, Managing Director, Commercial Estates, Ltd. 

Ash Leigh, Ellesmere Park, Eccles. 'Phone : No. 852. Born : May 4th, 
1870. Married : July 28th, 1890, to Emily, the daughter of Benjamin 
and Harriet Crowther, of Manchester. Career : Managing Director of 
Commercial Estates, Ltd., 176, Deansgate, Manchester. 'Phone : 4692, 
Central. Telegrams: "Ground, Manchester." Been in business since the 
age of ten years, and only hobby during the whole of business life has been 
business and how to increase it. Commenced the Purchase and Sale of Real 
Estate in the Manchester District early in 1899; in partnership with E. 
Bradburn, who retired from business during May, 191 1. The active control 
of the business has, from the commencement, been in the hands of Mr. Clayton, 
who succeeded in getting together the largest business of its kind in Lanes. 
The business was turned into a Limited Company in June, 1913, Mr. Clavlon 
holding all the Deferred Shares, and nearly all the Ordinary Shares. The 
dividend on the Ordinary Shares was 10%, and on the Deferred Shares, 80% 
in the year ending 1915. The staff, including men kept on repair work, number 
about two hundred. Mr. Clayton is a well-known Freeman, a member of the 
Field Naturalists' Association, and takes great interest in philanthropic work. 

CLAYTON, Rev. William Robert. 

31, Moore Street, South Shore, Blackpool. Born : October 4th, 1847, at 
Cambridge; son of Thomas Page Clayton and Sophia Smith Clayton, of 
Cambridge. Married : August 24th, 1882, at St. Stephen's, Clapham, to 
Frances Elizabeth, daughter of WilUam and Annie Elizabeth Smith, of 
Clapham, and has issue four sons and two daughters : Francis William, Muriel, 
Aubrey John (deceased), Noel Paget (deceased), Percy Charles, and Evelyn 
Mary. Club : Old Rectory, Manchester. Notes : Formerly Vicar of Howe 
Bridge (Diocese of Manchester), 1879-1913 ; Curate, Bury Parish Church, 
1876-1879 ; Curate, St. Margaret, King's Lynn, 1873-1876. 



BIOGRAPHIES 89 



CLEAVER, Richard Stewart, Solicitor and Company Director. 

Hayman's Green, West Derby, Liverpool. Born : November 2nd, 1843, 
at Liverpool ; third son of William Cleaver, of Liverpool, Clerk to West Derby 
Union, and Superintendent Registrar, from 1837-1880, and Rebecca, only 
daughter of Robert Holden, of Ingleton. Educated : Liverpool College. 
Married : Liverpool, August 4th, 1870, to Mary Gertrude, third daughter 
of Thomas Taylor, of the firm of Taylor, Potter and Co., of Liverpool, and 
Charlotte, fourth daughter of John Swainson, of Halton Hall, Lancaster, and 
has issue six sons and four daughters : William Edward, bom 1871 ; Arthur 
Harris, born 1872 ; Leonard Swainson, born 1873 ; Frederic Holden, bom 
1875 ; Eric Arnold, born 1879 ; Charles Thornton, born 1893 ; etc. Pro- 
fession : Solicitor and Company Director. Appointments : President, Liver- 
pool Law Society, 1889 ; Extraordinary Member for Liverpool of Council of 
the Law Society (London), 1908-1913 ; President, Board of Legal Education 
for Wales, 1909-1913. Recreation : Golf. Clubs : Conservative and Ex- 
change, Liverpool ; Wallasey Golf. Notes : Partner of the firm of Cleave. 
Holden and Co., Solicitors, Liverpool. (London Agents : Sharpe, Pritchard and 
Co.). Director, State Assurance Co. (Chairman) ; and Liverpool Reversionary 
Co. 

CLEMENTSON, Herbert, LL.B., Solicitor and Director of Limited 
Companies. 

Prospect House, Mossley, near Manchester. Born : May ist, 1861, at 
Mossley ; son of Henry Thomas Clementson, J. P., first Conservative Mayor 
of Mossley, and Hannah, daughter of John Schofield, Cotton Spinner, of 
Saddleworth. Educated : Manchester Grammar School and Owens College ; 
Matriculated, First Class at the London University, and took the LL.B. degree 
in same University in year 1885 ; admitted a Solicitor, 1884. Married : 
June 19th, 1891, at Parish Church, Ashton-under-Lyne, to Harriet Frances 
Heginbottom, eldest daughter of Thomas Heginbottom, J. P., and has issue 
one son : Bernard Heginbottom Clementson, born April 8th, 1893. Pro- 
fession : Solicitor. Appointments : Commissioner for Oaths ; Director of 
Brunswick Cotton Spinning Co., Ltd., Mossley, and Samuel Heginbottom 
and Sons, Ltd., Junction Mills, Ashton-under-Lyne. Recreations: Horticulture, 
fishing, tennis. 

CLIFTON, John Talbot, Explorer and Landowner. 

Lytham Hall, Lytham, Lanes. ; Newton, Lochmaddy, Outer Hebrides. 
Born : December ist, 1869, at London ; eldest son of Madeline Diana, 
daughter of Sir Andrew Agnew, eighth Baronet, and Thomas Henry Clifton. 
Educated : Eton and Cambridge. Married : 1907, at Brompton Oratory, 
London, to Violet Mary Beauclerk, daughter of William Nelthorpe Beauclerk, of 
Little Grimsby Hall, South Lines., and has issue one son and three daughters : 
Henry Talbot de Vere, born 1907 ; Yseult Hermione Aurea Althea, bora 

1908 ; Avia Lena Elmira, born 1909 ; Maryel Easter, born 1914. Profession : 
Explorer and Landowner. Appointtnents : County Councillor for Lanes., 

1909 (resigned 1914) ; Gold Stick at Coronation. Author : " Fortune 
Telling by Japanese Swords." Travelled : All over the world ; explored 
in Africa ; and lived with Esquimaux. North of Hudson's Bay ; first 
Englishman on Lena River, Siberia ; discovered new route between Tanganyika 
and Victoria Nyanza. Recreations : Big game hunting, u-ild-fowling, golf, 
music, collecting modern pictures. Clubs : Carlton ; Junior Constitutional. 
Notes : Family has been in the Fylde ever since William Rufus granted some 
of the land. Lord of the Manors of Clifton and Lytham, in tlie Fylde, 
Lanes. 



90 



LANCASHIRE 



COCKIN, Rev. George Samuel, M.A., LL.D., F.R.G.S., Rector of 
St. Catharine's, Manchester. 

St. Catharine's Rectory, Cheetham, Manchester. Born : 1876, at Malton, 
Yorkshire ; eldest son of John and Ann Maria Cockin. Educated : Cam- 
bridge (M.A.), LL.D. (Dubhn); F.R.G.S. ; Past Student of Ridley Hall, Cam- 
bridge. Married : January 4th, 1905, to Lilian Strapps, only child of 
Alderman John and Mrs. Brown, of the Park, Hull, and has issue one son 
and one daughter : Enid Adele Noreen Cockin, and Vivien St, Clair 
Brown. Profession: Rector of St. Catharine's, Manchester. Appointment: 
Member of the Lanes, and Cheshire Antiquarian Society. Publications: 
" Some Difficulties in the Life of our Lord " ; " The Marriage Service." 
Recreations : Football, tennis, boating. Clubs : The Authors' ; The Old 
Rectory. Masonic Lodge : No. 204, Cededonian (initiated on April 19th, 
1916). Career : Curate of Didsbury, Lanes., 1899-1903 ; Curate of St. 
John's, Altrincham, Cheshire, 1903-1904 ; Association Secretary of the 
Colonial and Continental Church Society, 1904-1906 ; Curate of Llanrhos, 
1906-1907 ; Curate of Withington, Manchester, 1907-1910 ; Rector of St. 
Catharine's, Manchester, 1910-1916. 



COCKSHOTT, George, B.A., LL.M., Solicitor. 

8, Rawlinson Road, Southport. Born : May 7th, 1875, at Preston ; 
son of John James and Jane Cockshott, of Southport. Educated : 
Uppingham School, and King's College, Cambridge ; B.A., Master of Laws. 
Married : December 29th, 1906, at Wicklow, to Mary Eileen Beatrice, 
daughter of the late Samuel Mason Kent, of "Wicklow, and has issue two sons : 
John Mason, born 1907 ; Mason George, born 1910. Profession : Solicitor. 
Appointments : Deputy-Chairman of the North of England Children's Sana- 
torium (appointed in 1915) ; 2nd Lieut, in the Southport Cadet Batt., The 
King's (Liverpool) Regt. (commissioned in October, 1915). Recreation : 
Yachting. Clubs : Royal Mersey Yacht ; Cambridge University Cruising ; 
Southport Yacht. 



COCKSHUTT, Joseph. 

" Westella," Lytham. Office : 2, Chapel Street, Preston. Born : 
August 15th, 1875, at Preston ; son of Joshua Cockshutt, of the Colonnade, 
Preston, Lanes., and Margaret, second daughter of Nicholas and Helen Hayes, 
of Brownedge House, near Preston (deceased). Educated : Ampleforth 
Abbey, York, and privately. Married : October 15th, 1902, to Florence, 
eldest daughter of the late Richard Bond, formerly of Anderton Manor, near 
Bolton, and has issue four sons and two daughters : Philip Bond, born April 
13th, 1904 ; Mary Josephine, born March 31st, 1905 ; Herman Joseph Bond, 
born March 29th, 1907; Florence Joan Bond, born December 5th, 1909; 
Denis Bond, born September 15th, 1913 ; and Richard Bond, born June 25th, 
1915. Appointments : Lord of the Manor of Anderton ; ex-Chairman and 
ex-Councillor of Lytham ; ex-J.P. for Lanes. ; Chairman of Bond, Brown and 
Bond, Ltd., and Director of the Grimford Mills Co., Ltd. ; Director of 
Nobletts, Ltd., Liverpool; Chairman, The Anderton Weaving Co., Ltd.; 
Solicitor, practising at Preston and Lytham, Lanes. Travelled : Continent 
of Europe. Recreation: Yachting. Clubs : Yacht, Lytham; County, Preston ; 
Conservative, Lytham, Lanes. ; Constitutional, London. Rear-Commodore, 
Lytliam Yacht Club. Note : Member of the Local Tribunal at Lytham. 



BIOGRAPHIES 91 



COHEN, Alderman Louis Samuel, J. P., Chairman, Hospital Saturday 
Fund, former Lord Mayor. 

The Priory, St. Michael's Hamlet, Liverpool. Office : Lewis's, Ranelagh 
Street, Liverpool. Born : May 26th, 1846, at Sydney, N.S.W. ; son of Samuel 
Cohen, M.L.A., N.S.W. , and Rachel Cohen. Married : May 26th, 1869, 
to May, eldest daughter of Hon. L. W. Levy, M.L.C., N.S.W., and of Julia, 
his wife, and has issue six sons and two daughters : Lieut. -Col. S. G. Cohen ; 
Captain J. Brunei Cohen ; Lieut. Geo. H. Cohen, killed in action, France, 
May, 1915 ; Harold L. Cohen ; Rex D. Cohen ; Ehot C. Cohen ; Ethel, 
wife of E. S. Edgar, Birmingham ; Ruth, wife of Dr. H. S. Sington (serving 
in the Royal Navy). Appointments : Chairman, Dental Hospital ; Chairman, 
Hospital Saturday Fund ; Member, Liverpool City Council (C), Breckfteld 
Ward, 1895 ; Alderman, 1906 (resigned 1907) ; re-elected same year ; Alder- 
man, 1910 ; City J. P., 1901 ; Lord Mayor, 1899-1900. Recreation : Golf. 
Clubs: Conservative (Chairman, 1913), Liverpool; Constitutional, London. 

COHEN, Samuel J. 

32, Palatine Road, Withington. 'Phone : 188 Didsbury. 11, Peter 
Street, Manchester. 'Phone : 2599 Central and 7052 City. Born : April 
14th, 1876, in Egypt ; Cantah, son of Jouda Jacob Cohen. Educated : Alex- 
andria. Married : November 15th, 1898, to Miss Schouchana, daughter of 
Solomon and Massouda Schouchana, and has issue five sons and two daughters : 
Leon, Solly, Moise, Danny, David, Beatrice, Enid. Appointment : Vice- 
President of the North-West Manchester Liberal Association. Recreation : 
Chess. Club : Reform. Masonic Lodge : Monarch. 

COLE, Councillor Henry Alexander, Manufacturer and Inventor. 

31, King Street, Liverpool ; The Homestead, Bidston, Birkenhead. 
Born : At Liverpool. Educated : Privately ; on the Continent ; Liverpool 
School of Art. Married : To Rhoda, daughter of the late Capt. Edmund 
Stewart-Rice, and has issue three sons (eldest was killed in action) and 
one daughter. Occupation : Manufacturer. Appointments : Chairman of 
Directors of Henry A. Cole and Co., Ltd. ; Member of the Liverpool City 
Council ; Member of the Arts, Library, Museum, Education, and Housing 
Committees ; Chairman of Bidston School Managers. Represents St. Peter's 
Ward in the City Council, having gained the only Conservative victory (with 
one exception) in that Ward for a period of eighteen years ; Member, Chamber 
of Commerce, Philomathic, Geographical, and other learned Societies ; Inventor 
and Patentee. Recreations : Literature, Art ; has visited most important 
Continental galleries, including the Prado, Madrid. Publications : " Scheme 
of National Training," "Llandudno (Impressions Past and Present)," etc. 
Travelled : America, Canada, and most of the European Continent. 
Clubs : Conservative, Junior Conservative, Artists', Wallasey Golf. 

COLE, Horace Godden, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., Surgeon and Physician. 

36, Pelham Grove, Liverpool. Surgery : 420, Mill Street, Liverpool. 
Born : 1883, at Dorking ; son of Edwin Henry and Elizabeth Cole, 
Leatherhead, Surrey. Educated : At Guildford, and St. Thomas's Hospital. 
Married : 1908, at Wandsworth, to Gertrude Annie Townsend, daughter 
of the Rev. W. Townsend, of Wandsworth, and has issue one son and one 
daughter : Mary, born 1909 ; Christopher, born 1913. Profession : Surgeon 
and Physician. Appointment : Late Assistant Medical Officer, Liverpool 
Medical) Mission. Publication : " Thiocol — A Clinical Study." Travelled : 
Canada. Recreation : Books. 



92 LANCASHIRE 



GOLEGROVE, Rev. William Edward, M.A. (Oxon.), Vicar of Sutton, 
St. Helens. 

Sutton Vicarage, St. Helens, Lanes. Born : May i6th, 1859, at Oxford : 
son of the late Joseph and Rosa Colegrove, of Oxford. Educated : Oxford 
University, M.A. ; Honours ; Second Class in Natural Science. Married : 
June, 1898, at Christ Church, West Didsbury, to Jessie Agard Evans, of 
Bamhurst, Tettenhall, Staffs., and has issue one son : Henry Roberts 
Colegrove, born February 28th, 1900. Appointments : Vicar of Alvanley, 
Cheshire, 1898-1910 (Patron : the Earl of Haddington) ; Vicar of Sutton, 
St. Helens (Patrons: King's College, Cambridge). Travelled: Holland, 
France, Germany, Switzerland, Canada, United States. Recreation : Golf. 

COLEMAN, Rev. Harry Augustus, M.A., Clerk in Holy Orders. 

St. Pancras, Sefton Park, Liverpool ; 8, Wellington Avenue, Sefton 
Park, Liverpool. Born : 1883, at Wheelock, Sandbach, Cheshire ; son of 
the Rev. Jas. Odell Coleman and Amy Louisa Coleman. Educated : St. 
John's, Leatherhead ; St. Chad's Hall, Durham University ; Theological 
Scholar; M.A. (Theol. Honours). Married: 1911, to Ethel, daughter of 
George Newenham Harvey (deceased), and Alice Harvey, and has issue two 
sons : Basil Denis Odell and John Edward Noel. Appointment : Priest-in- 
Charge of St. Pancras', Sefton Park, Liverpool. Recreation : Rowing, Irish 
setters, poultry. Note : O.T.C. (Senior Division), 1908-1909. 

COLES, Rev. Victor John Hulbert, M.A., Curate of Parish 
Church, Lancaster. 

13, Huberd Place, Lancaster. Born : January ist, 1891, at Upton Lovel, 
Wilts. ; son of Robert John Hulbert and Eleanor Coles. Educated : Bedford 
School, 1903-1908 ; St. John's, Cambridge, 1909-1913 ; B. A. (Class. Tripos), 1906 ; 
(Class. Tripos H. Archaeology), 1913 ; M.A., 1915. Married: April 21st, 1914, 
to Cicely, daughter of James Glover, M.A., M.LC.E., of Lowtor House, Lowtor, 
and has issue one daughter : Jacqueline Hulbert. Appointment : Curate of 
St. Bridget, Wavertree, Curate of Parish Church, Lancaster. Recreations : 
Golf and reading. 

COLLARD, Alfred Stephen, J.P. 

Tower Buildings, Liverpool, and Elmwood, Hooton. Born : 1865, at 
Liverpool ; son of James Collard (English) and his wife Eliza Quirk (Manx) . 
Educated : Grammar and Mathematical School, Peel, Isle of Man. Married : 
1896, to Florence Haigh. and has issue one daughter, Marjorie. Occupation : 
Director, Shipping Company, Messrs. Powell, Bacon and Hough, Ltd. Ap- 
pointments : J.P., City of Liverpool ; J.P., County of Cheshire ; Capt.. Special 
Service ; Commandant of Orderlies, British Red Cross, St. John Ambulance, 
France, from No\'ember, 1914 ; went to France, October, 1914, and still there. 
Through the first battle of Ypres, attached to British Red Cross ; mentioned in 
despatches by Field Marshal General Sir John French. Recreation : Golf. 
Clubs : Junior Carlton, London ; Conservative, Liverpool. 

COLLIER, Rev. Samuel Francis, Wesleyan Minister. 

The Olives, Anson Road, Victoria Park, Manchester. 'Phone : 149 
Rusholme. Office : The Central Hall, Manchester. 'Phone : 4192 City. 
Telegrams : " Wesleyan." Born : October 3rd, 1855, at Runcorn ; eldest 
son of Samuel and Mar}^ Collier. Educated : Bickerton House School, South- 
port ; Owens College, Manchester. Married : April 23rd, 1889, to Ettic, 
daughter of Henry Collin, and has issue, four sons, all in the Army. 
Appointments : Wesleyan Minister ; Superintendent of the Manchester and 



BIOGRAPHIES 93 



Salford Mission (founded by him, 1886), Head-quarters : The Central Hall, 
Manchester, and has fifteen Centres, Social and Evangelistic ; President of 
the Wesleyan Conference, 1913-1914. Publications : " Free Church Hymn 
Book " (pamphlets) ; " Has Methodism a Message for To-day? " " Miracles," 
etc. Recreations : Golf and chess. Club : Wesley, London. Career : 
Tutor and Wesleyan Minister. Note : Sons : Captain S. F. Collier ; Lieut. 
Harold Collier ; Lieut. Sidney Collier ; Rev. Donald Collier, B.A., Chaplain; 
the last three served in Gallipoli and Egypt. 



COLLIER, William Henry, Director, Leeds and Liverpool Canal. 

Greystoke, Hale, Cheshire. Born : 1853, at Chester ; son of Henry 
Collier (deceased), and Hannah Collier (nee Tomkinson) (deceased). Edu- 
cated : Stretford High School ; Owens College, Manchester. Appointments : 
Director of Leeds and Liverpool Canal ; Watson Steamship Co., Ltd. ; F. I. 
Abbott, Ltd. ; Clerk to the Upper Mersey Navigation Commissioners. Club : 
Manchester Constitutional. Masonic Lodge : " Friendship," 44. 

COLLINGE, John Sutcliffe, J.P., Cotton Manufacturer. 

Park House, Burnley, Born : 1846 ; third son of Alderman Luke 
Collinge, of Burnley. Educated : Burnley Grammar School. Married : 
1870, to Mary Anne, daughter of Henry Allen, of Burnley, and has issue 
two sons : Thomas Allen Collinge and Edgar Sutcliffe Collinge (both married). 
Occupation: Cotton Manufacturer. Appointmetits : J. P. for Lanes., 1894, 
and Borough of Burnley, 1883. 

COLLINSON, Richard, Estate Agent and Author. 

9, Corporation Street, Manchester ; Wellington Road, Eccles. Born : 
1851, at Liverpool ; son of James Collinson, of Liverpool. Occupation : 
Estate Agent and Author. Publication : Author and Compiler of the " Mcin- 
chester Royal Exchange Directory," issued for the first time in 1891. 



COMBER, George, J. P., Director of Banking and other Limited 
Companies. 

" Rowley Brow," Knutsford, Cheshire. Office : iii, Portland Street, 
Manchester. Born : January 17th, 1853, at New York, U.S.A. ; sixth but 
eldest surviving son of Edward Comber, of Myddleton Hall, Warrington, and 
Eleanor, third daughter of John Oldham, of Pernambuco, Brazil. Educated : 
Privately. Married : November 15th, 1890, at Christleton Parish Church, 
Cheshire, to Annie Heap, fifth daughter of Robert Kelsall, J. P., of Deephsh 
Hall, Rochdale, and Mary Elizabeth, only daughter of Henry Forbes, of 
Harrogate, and has issue three daughters : Edith Mary, born September 19th, 
1894 ; Winifred Margaret, born October 31st, 1895 ; Helen Muriel, born 
October 31st, 1895. Occupation: Director of Banking and other Limited Com- 
panies. Appointments : J. P. for Lanes., 1889 ; ].F. for Cheshire, 1905. 
Travelled : Continent and India. Recreations : Sport and horticulture. 
Club : Clarendon, Manchester. Notes : Is Chairman of Lyon, Lord and 
Co., Ltd., East India Merchants, of Manchester, Bombay, and Karachi ; Chair- 
man, Vulcan Boiler and General Insurance Co., Ltd. ; Chairman, Inclusive 
Insurance Co., Ltd. ; Director, Lancashire and Yorkshire Bank, Ltd. ; 
Director, Manchester North Borneo Rubber Co., Ltd. 



94 LANCASHIRE 



CONCANON, Col. Henry T. D., J.P., Manager, White Star Line, etc. 

Hill Top, Childwall. 'Phone : 137 Wavertree. Ofi&ce : 30, James 
Street, Liverpool. Born : i86r, at Walton ; son of Christopher and 
Elizabeth Concanon. Educated : Privately. Married : 1891, to Isabella, 
daughter of Joseph and Mary Wharton. Appointments : Manager of White 
Star, American and Dominion Lines; J. P. for County of Lancaster; Audit 
Commissioner of Mersey Docks and Harbour Board ; Deputy County 
Commissioner, Baden Powell Boy Scouts ; Director of Oceanic Steam 
Navigation Co. and British and North Atlantic Steam Navigation Co. ; Member 
of National Committee for Training of British Seamen ; of Liverpool Joint 
Dock Labour Committee ; of Liverpool Dock Battalion Advisory Committee ; 
of Liverpool Soldiers' and Sailors' Families Committee ; of Liverpool Volunteer 
Training Corps Committee ; of Liverpool Red Cross Committee ; of Liverpool 
Recruiting Committee, and others connected with the present situation. 
Gazetted, 2nd Lieut., Volunteer Forces, 1888 ; Commanded 4th Batt., King's 
(Liverpool) Regt., and afterwards 7th Batt., King's (Liverpool) Regt., 1904- 
1909 ; was Sub-Commander of Mersey Coast Defences ; Now Colonel in 
Territorial Force Reserve. Decorations : Coronaticn, Territorials, Messina. 
Publications : " The Problem of Invasion " (Staff College lecture) ; " Hints 
to Young Officers," and various similar pamphlets. Clubs : Conservative, 
Liverpool ; Exchange, Liverpool ; Junior Constitutional, London. 

CONNELL, Rev. Alexander, M.A., B.D., Presbyterian Minister, 
Sefton Park Church. 

4, Alexandra Drive, Liverpool. Born : 1866, at Port Appin ; son of 
John Connell and Elizabeth Maclnnes. Educated : Edinburgh ; M.A. ; 
B.D. ; Ordained, 1891. Married : 1902, to Jessie Murdoch Robson, daughter 
of Sir Henry Robson and Lady Robson, formerly of Aubrey Lodge, Campden 
Hill, London, and has issue two sons and one daughter : John Alistair, Henry 
Douglas, and Jane Kathleen. Appointments : Minister of Sefton Park Presby- 
terian Church, from 1906 ; President, National Free Church Council, 1913- 
1914 ; formerly at Regent Square Church, London, 1893-1906, and West- 
bourne Grove Presbyterian Church, 1891-1893 ; Chairman of English Presby- 
terian Church, Foreign Mission Board, 1898-1913 ; Chaplain, loth King's 
(Liverpool) Regt. (Liverpool Scottish). Publications : One Volume of Ser- 
mons, " The Endless Quest." Recreations : Golf and angling. Clubs : 
Athenaeum, Liverpool ; University Club, Liverpool. 

CONWAY, Professor Robert Seymour, Professor of Latin, Fellow 
of Caius, Litt.D. (Cantab.). 

Draethen, Didsbury, Manchester. 'Phone : 412 Didsbury. Born : 
1864 ; son of the Rev. Samuel Conway and Amy Curling. Educated : City 
of London School, and Caius College, Cambridge (1883-1887) ; Fellow of the 
same, 1888 ; Cambridge University Waddington Scholar in Classics in 1886 ; 
highly distinguished in Exam, for Chancellor's Medals, 1887 ; Litt.D. (Cantab.), 
1898. Married : 1891, to Margaret Mary, daughter of William Hall, and has 
issue one son and four daughters : Ruth Eden, born 1894 ; Joyce Edith, 
born 1896; Geoffrey Seymour, born 1897; Celia Herberta, born 1900; 
Verona Margaret, born 1910. Profession : Lecturer at Newnham College, 
Cambridge, 1887-1893 ; Professor of Latin in University College, Cardiff, 1893- 
1903; since then Hulme Professor of Latin at the University, Manchester. 
Appointments : Vice-President and Trustee of the Classical Association ; 
Chairman of Committees of the Manchester District Branch of the same ; Chair- 
man of the Classsical Journals Board ; External Examiner to the Universities 
of Ireland, Wales, and New Zealand. Publications : " Verner's Law in 



BIOGRAPHIES 95 



Italy," 1887 ; " Translation of Brugmann's Comparative Grammar," Vol. II., 
1891-1895 ; " The Restored Pronunciation of Greek and Latin," 1896 (4th 
Edition, 1908) ; "The Italic Dialects," 1897; " Dialectorum Italicarum Ex- 
empla," 1898 ; " Cicero's Use of Nos," 1899 ; " Livy II.," 1901 (2nd Edition, 
1902) ; "The Pre-Hellenic Inscriptions of Praesos (Crete)," 1903; "Vergil's 
Messianic Eclogue," 1907 ; " Melandra Castle," 1906 ; " The Roman Coins of 
Manchester, in the Roman Fort at Manchester," 1909 ; " Limen, A First 
Latin Book," 1908 ; " Deigma, a first Greek Book," 1916 ; critical edition of 
" Livy I. — v.," 1914 ; " The Youth of Vergil," 1915 ; some forty articles on the 
ethnology and languages of Ancient Italy in " Encyclopaedia Britannica," 
Edition XL ; and some on the religions of Ancient Italy in the "Encyclopaedia 
of Religion and Ethics," 1915. Recreation: Golf and moderate cUmbing. 
Club : Athenaeum, London. Note : " Efi&cient," in Cambridge Universities 
Volunteers, 1884-1892. 

COOGAN, Thomas, M.B., Ch.B. 

63, Plymouth Grove, Manchester. Born : December 22nd, 1880, at 12, 
Plymouth Grove ; son of Joseph and Maria Coogan, 12, Plymouth Grove, 
Manchester. Educated : Mount St. Mary's College ; Manchester University, 
M.B. ; Ch.B. Married : August 17th, 1912, to May, daughter of 
John Joseph and Nellie Harrington. Travelled : East Africa, India, 
Morocco. Recreations : Golf and motoring. Clubs : Anson Golf ; Manchester 
Playgoers. 

COOK, George Rope, Solicitor (1st Class Honoursman) . 

9, Curzon Road, Prenton, Birkenhead, and 41, Castle Street, Liverpool. 
Born: April, 1877 ; son of F. G. Cook, of Framlingham, and Elizabeth Hannah, 
daughter of Richard Rope, of Fressingfield, Suffolk. Educated : Framlingham 
College, Suffolk ; London University Matriculation ; Law Society ; Prizeman 
and First Class Honours in Law Society's Examination, April, 1900. Married : 
October 12th, 1905, to Dorothy Hernaman- Johnson, of Waterloo, Liverpool, 
daughter of John Hernaman- Johnson, and Margaret, his wife, and has issue 
one daughter : Dorothy Phyllis Rope, born June 21st, 1910. Profession : 
Solicitor. (London Agents: Whitfield, Byrne, and Dean). Recreations: 
Most outdoor games. Notes : Is a member of the Law Society ; in November, 
1915, attested under Lord Derby's Scheme. 

COOK, Harry William, Town Clerk of Wallasey. 

The Coppice, Sea Bank Road, Liscard, Wallasey. Born : 1S64 ; son of 
William and Sarah Cook (British). Educated : Mr. Probert's School, St. 
David's, and St. Andrew's Middle Class School, Litchurch, Derby. Married : 
1886, to Grace, daughter of the late Thomas White Holdich, of Peterborough. 
Appointments : Town Clerk of Wallasey ; Chairman, Wallasey Masonic Hall 
Co., Ltd. ; Hon. Clerk, Separation Allowances Committee ; Hon. Clerk, Local 
Tribunal. Recreations : Cycling, cricket, shooting, golf. Publications : 
Editor of " The Wallasey Acts and Orders," and " The Mersey Dock and 
Harbour Board Acts and Orders." Masonic Lodge : Wallasey, No. 3036. 

COOK, Councillor Tom, Architect and Surveyor. 

Old Clough Lane, Worsley, Manchester. Born : December 5th, 1S52, at 
Waterside, Derbyshire ; son of Henry and Hannah Cook. Educated : National 
Schools ; Mechanics' Institution, South Kensington ; Honours. Married : 
1875, to Martha, daughter of Thomas and Sarah Mitchell, of RoughtovMi, 
Mossley, and has issue five sons and one daughter: Tom N., Hy. A., 
G. M., G. C, W. A., and Madeline. Profession : Architect and Surveyor 



96 LANCASHIRE 



Appoint/nients : Manchester City Council (Ind.), Openshaw Ward. Recreations : 
Gardening and photography. Clubs : Manchester Press. Masonic Lodge : 
Manchester Dramatic, 2387 (P.M.) ; Society of Architects, 3244, Middlesex 
(Founder) ; Caledonian Chapter, 204 (P.Z.) ; St. Andrew Mark, 34 (P.M ) 
Prov. Grand Registrar. Note : Has been engaged on recruiting. 

COOKE, Isaac, Landscape Painter. 

19, Glebe Road, Wallasey, Cheshire. Born : 1846, at Warrington ; 
eldest son of the late Nicholas Cooke, and grandson of the late Isaac Cooke, 
of Isaac Cooke and Sons, Cotton Brokers, Liverpool. Educated : Liverpool 
and Egremont, Cheshire. In art, mostly self-taught, and at Liverpool 
Academy of Art School. Married : Twice — (i) on September 3rd, 1873, and 
has issue two sons and one daughter ; (2) On March 27th, 1902. Profession : 
Landscape Painter. Twice on the Hanging Committee of the Walker Art 
Gallery, Autumn Exhibitions. Appointments : Hon. Treasurer of the late 
Liverpool Society of Water Colour-Painters ; Member of the Liverpool Academy 
of Arts, since 1881 ; Member of the Royal Society of British Artists, London, 
from 1896-1914. First exhibited at Royal Academy in 1879, and many 
times since, also at the Royal Institute of Painters, in Water Colours. Liver- 
pool Corporation purchased, in 1884, " Golden Moments," an oil painting, and 
in 1902 a water-colour drawing, " Passing Showers." Recreation : Natural 
History, Golf, Entomology, Conchology, Botany, Oology, etc. Clubs : Liver- 
pool Artists', since 1878 ; The Hogarth, London, whilst it existed ; Wallasey 
Golf, from 1894 to December, 1915. Career : Travelled and sketched in 
France, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Austrian Tyrol, and Bavaria ; also 
Scotland, Ireland, England, and Wales. Note: I.Cooke, son, Lieut., 2 /6th 
Essex Regt., now on active service for home defence in this country. 

COOP, Samuel Howard, J. P., Solicitor and V.D.C. 

Fernleigh, Bispham, near Blackpool, Lanes. Born : April 3rd, 1873, 
at Bispham, near Blackpool ; eldest son of the late Henry Coop, Manufac- 
turer, of Heap Bridge, near Bury, Lanes., and Annie, eldest daughter of the 
late Thomas Poole, of Bispham, near Blackpool. Educated : St. Bees 
Grammar School, Cumberland. Was a pupil of Messrs. Gibson and Weldon, 
Solicitors, Chancery Lane, London. Profession : Solicitor. Appoint- 
ments : J. P. for County of Lanes. ; Governor and Manager of Bispham 
Endowed School ; Member, Bispham Urban Council, since 1903 ; Chairman, 
1907-1908, and 1913-1914. Travelled : Continent, through the Mediterranean, 
and Norway. Recreations : Golf, yachting, fishing. Note : Owns land in 
Bispham, Blackpool, and Heap Bridge, near Bury, Lanes. 

COOPER, Edward (Jun.), Solicitor. 

Wellington Street, Blackburn. Born : April 24th, 1879, at Preston ; 
son of Edward Cooper, of Braeside, Blackburn, and Alice, daughter of Samuel 
Hibbert, of Ashton, Preston. Educated : Manchester Granunar School, 
Married : July 25th, 1905, at Liverpool, to Dorothy, daughter of Isaac Turner, 
of Kendal, and has issue two sons : Edward Hibbert, born January 14th, 
1907 ; William Kenneth, born December 17th, 1907. Profession : Solicitor. 
Travelled : South Africa, 1901-1902. Recreations : Shooting, billiards, motor- 
ing. Clubs : Literary, Reform, Masonic. 

COOPER, Rev. Frederic Wilson, M.A. (Oxon) , Rector of Prestwich. 

Prestwich Rectory, Manchester. Born : August 19th, i860, at the 
Rectory, Forncett St. Mary, Norfolk ; son of the Rev, John Edward Cooper 
and Maria Lydia Simons, of the Rectory, Forncett St. Mary, Norfolk. Edu- 
cated : Keble College, Oxford ; M.A. Married : 1890, at St. Paul's Church, 



BIOGRAPHIES 97 



Knightsbridge, to the Hon. Hilda Mary Sturt, daughter of Henry Gerard, 
first Baron Alington, of Crichel, Dorsetshire. Appointments : Rector of 
Prestwich, and Rural Dean of Radcliffe and Prestwich, from 1900 ; Member 
of Prestwich Urban District Council, 191 1. Masonic Lodge : Concord, Prest- 
wich. Notes : Formerly Vicar of Longbridge Deverill, Wiltshire, 1890-1897, 
and of King Cross, Halifax, 1897-1900. 

COOPER, John Sephton, M.A., M.R.C.S. (Eng.), L.R.C.S. (Lend.). 

Rossendale, Clitheroe. Born : August iSth, 1877, at Longsight, Man- 
chester ; son of John and Jane G. Cooper, of Beckfoot, Manchester. Edu- 
cated : Rossall ; Jesus College, Cambridge ; Guy's Hospital ; M.A., M.B., 
B.C., Cantab. ; M.R.C.S., England ; L.R.C.S., London. Travelled : Jamaica, 
1906. Recreation : Golf. 

COOPER, Alderman Joseph Tyas, J.P., Solicitor. 

" Clisworth," Victoria Road, Bolton. Office : 6, Silverwell Street, Bolton. 
(London Agents : Davenport, Cunliffe and Blake, 48, Chancery Lane, W.C). 
Born : October i8th, 1852, at Charlesworth, Derbyshire ; eldest son of George 
Cooper, of Charlesworth, and Esther Mary, second daughter of Joseph Tyas, 
of Delph, Yorkshire. Educated: Wesley School, Glossop, Derbyshire, and 
privately. Married : April 17th, 1889, at Bolton, to Charlotte Annie, eldest 
daughter of Wm. Howard Houghton, of Bolton, and has issue one son and 
three daughters : Arthur Lyas, born February, 1890 ; PhylUs Houghton, 
born October, 1891 ; Dorothy, born March, 1894 ; Hester Mary, born December, 
1897. Profession : Solicitor. Appointments : J. P. for Bolton ; Councillor 
and Alderman for Bolton for twenty-two years ; Mayor, 1909-1911. Recrea- 
tion : Golf. Note : Admitted Solicitor, 1879. 

COPLAND, Montague Bigg, J.P., Cotton Spinner. 

Whitehall, St. Annes-on-Sea. 'Phone : No. 15. Botn : 1845, at Chelms- 
ford ; second son of Henry Copland, of Broomfield, Essex. Educated : Vale 
Academy, Ramsgate. Married : 1881, to Florence Ehzabeth, second daughter 
of G. F. Hinshelwood, of Manchester, and has issue two sons and one 
daughter. Occupation: Cotton Spinner. Appointments: J.P. for Lanes., 1913; 
Preston Borough Bench, 1886. Clubs : Winckley, Preston ; Brasenose, 
Manchester. Note : Eldest son a Sub-Lieut., R.N.V.R. ; second son a 
2nd Lieut., R.F.A. (T.F.). 

COPNALL, Frank T., Portrait Painter, Exhibitor at Royal Academy, 

41, Mulgrave Street, Liverpool. Studio : 3, Westminster Chambers, 
Crosshall Street, Liverpool. Born : 1870, at Ryde ; son of Thos. Copnall, 
of Ryde, Isle of Wight. Educated : Ryde and Finsbury Park Colleges. 
Married : 1915, to Theresa Nora, younger daughter of Andrew Butchart, of 
Elliscales, Dalton-in-Furness. Profession : Portrait Painter. Exhibitor at 
the Royal Academy, etc. Clubs : Liverpool Academy ; Junior Reform ; 
Past-President, Liverpool Artists' ; and Liverpool Sketching. 

CORNER, Councillor Henry, ex-Mayor of Eccles. 

Elderslie, Clarendon Crescent, Eccles. Born : June 13th, 1861 ; son 
of William and Eliza Corner, of Victoria Crescent, Eccles. Education : Salford 
Mechanics and Hulme Street Upper School ; Christ Church, Salford. Married : 
At Eccles Parish Church, to Annie Newall, daughter of William and Ellen 
Newall, of Cheshire, and has issue one son and one daughter : Ethel, bom 
October 30th, 1887 ; Harold Newall, born January ist, 1895 (deceased). 



98 LANCASHIRE 



Appointments : Mayor of Eccles, 1913-1914 ; Councillor, appointed 1906 ; 
Churchwarden and Sidesman of Eccles Parish Church, ten years ; Chairman 
of Goodall, Lamb, and Heighway, Manchester. Travelled : France. Recrea- 
tions : Business and civic work. Club : Conservative, Eccles. Notes : 
Of a very old local Barton family ; has taken great interest in local affairs 
for the last thirty-five years. 

CORNISH, Rev. Ebenezer Darrel, United Methodist Minister. 

41, Wellington Road, Eccles. Born : 1849, ^it Exeter ; son of John 
Lawrence and Susannah Cornish (British). Educated : At Exeter. Married : 
August nth, 1875, to Charlotte, daughter of Daniel and Charlotte Screen, 
and has issue one son and three daughters : Henrietta (married to Rev. 
W. C. Jackson, B.A.) ; Gertrude May (married to Charles RothweU) ; and 
Charles Herbert Darrel and Winifred Constance (deceased). Appointments : 
Minister of the United Methodist Church and Chapel Secretary. 

COSTEKER, Charles, Solicitor, Justices' Clerk, Company Director. 

The Willows, Lytham, Lanes. Offices : 4, Church Street, Darwen ; 
and 5, Richmond Terrace, Blackburn. Born : March 28th, 1846, at The 
Paragon, New Kent Road, London ; third son of John Costeker, late 
of " The Pines," Midhurst, Sussex, and Sarah, second and youngest 
daughter of Squire Horrox, of the Mount Sion Print Works, Radcliffe, 
Lanes. Educated : Merchant Taylors' School, London. Married : February 
2ist, 1871, at Old Battersea Church, to Edith Mary, only daughter of 
Frederick Wix, of East Hill, Wandsworth, London, and Elizabeth, third 
daughter of Randolph Payne, of 61, St. James' Street, and has had issue one 
son and three daughters : Edith Phillis, born February 5th, 1872 ; Violet, born 
February 21st, 1874 ; Muriel, bom March 4th, 1878 ; William Noel, bom 
May 29th, 1881, and who died January 13th, 1900. Profession : Solicitor, 
Justices' Clerk, and Company Director. Appointments : Clerk to the Justices 
of the Peace for the Darwen Division of the County of Lancaster, 1871 ; Clerk 
to the Darwen Local Board, 1871 ; First Town Clerk of Darwen, 1877-1902, 
when he retired ; Under-Sheriff of the County in 1886, under Thomas Brooks, 
afterwards the first Baron Crawshaw, and again in 1900, under Frederick 
Ba5nies. 

GOTHAM -WALMESLEY, Alfred A., J.P., Landowner. 

Tylhus, Ingatestone, Essex. Born : May 4th, 1845, at Hardsham Hall ; 
son of Thomas Walmesley, of Westwood House, Wigan, and Anna Maria 
Cotham, of Springfield, Prescot. Educated: Stonyhurst College. Married: 
To Frances Wilcock, daughter of Charles Wilcock, of St. Ann's, St. Helens, 
and has issue three sons and three daughters : Bertram, born September 5th, 
1876 ; Marie, born March 26th, 1878 ; Hubert, born January 14th, 1882 ; 
John, bom April loth, 1883 ; Edith, born October 31st, 1884 ; Alice, bora 
August 25th, 1886. Appointments : J. P. for County of Lancaster. Travelled : 
Continent of Europe and Asia Minor, Recreations : Shooting and fishing. 
Note : Owns land at St. Helens, Claughton, Garstang, etc. 

COTMAN, Leonard, B.A. (Oxon), Solicitor and Clerk to Justices. 

Sunny Bank, Fulwood, near Preston ; 8, Lune Street, Preston. Born : 
May 2nd, 1869, at Preston ; son of Frederick Cotman, of Norwich, and Maria 
Wells, of Hemel Hempstead, Herts. Educated: B.A. (Oxon). Married: 
June 7th, 1906, at Servite Church, London, to Maria Pia Linati, daughter of 
the late Colonel and Madame Linati, and grand-daughter of the late Colonel 



BIOGRAPHIES 99 



Henry Caldwell Streatfeild, 87th R.I.F., and has issue, three sons : Antony 
Streatfeild Cotman, born July 24th, 1907 ; Richard Digby Sell Cotman, 
born December 26th, 1910 ; Humphrey Caldwell Cotman, born August 4th, 
1913. Profession : Solicitor and Clerk to Justices. Appointments : Magis- 
trates' Clerk, P.S.D. of Walton-le-Dale ; Clerk to the Committee of Visitors, 
Whittingham Asylum, Lanes. Travelled : France, Italy, etc. Recreations : 
Golf, and has rowed for College at Henley. Clubs : Winckley Club, Preston 
O.U.M.U., Oxford. Note : Descendant of John Sell Cotman, Artist of the 
Norwich School, whose works are in National Gallery and Print Room of 
British Museum. 



COTTRELL, Councillor W. P., M.A., Shakespearian Scholar. 

II, Seedley Road, Pendleton. Born : 1846, at Manchester ; son of 
William and Sara Cottrell. Educated : Lancastrian School ; afterwards at 
Borough Road Training College ; Honorary Degree M.A., Victoria University. 
Married : At St. Mary's Church, Manchester. Profession : Schoolmaster ; 
Appointments : President of N.U.T. ; Member of Manchester Literary Club ; 
Governor of Victoria University and Governor of Pendleton High School 
for Girls ; Chairman of Eccles Education Council ; Councillor, represented 
Crescent Ward in Salford Town Council ; at one time Editor of the Salford 
Chronicle ; formerly Member of the Salford Board of Guardians. Recreations : 
The study of Shakespeare and walking. Clubs : Strasburg, Pendleton 
Conservative. Masonic Lodge : St. John's, Manchester. Note : Councillor 
W. F. Cottrell died January, 1916. 

COTTRILL, John, J.P., Chairman of Prestwich Local Board and 
U.D.C., 1890-1897. 

All Saints' Road, St. Anne's-on-Sea, Lanes. Born : August 2nd, 1846, 
at Rochdale, Lanes. ; eldest son of William Cottrill, of Singleton House, 
Broughton, Manchester, and Addison Road, London, W., and Frances, only 
daughter of William Scott (Supervisor of Excise), of Wellington, Salop. Edu- 
cated : Privately. Married : September 21st, 1871, at the Parish Church, 
Colne, Lanes., to Eleanor, younger daughter of the late Robert Shaw, 
J. P., of Colne Hall, Colne, Lanes., and Anna, eldest daughter of Thomas 
England, of Leeds, and has issue two sons and three daughters : Anna 
Marie, born April 29th, 1875 ; John Egerton, born July 6th, 1876 ; Charles 
England, born August 13th, 1878 ; Eleanor, born June 29th, 1880 ; Emmeline 
Shaw, bom November 15th, 1883. Appointments: J. P. for Lancashire; 
Overseer of the Ancient Parish of Prestwich, 1877-1911 ; Member of the Old 
Prestwich Local Board, 1872-1897, and for the last seven years Chairman ; 
afterwards. Chairman of the U.D.C. Travelled : Europe. Recreation : 
Public work. Club : The District, St, Anne's-on-Sea. 

COUNSELL, John, Bank Manager. 

Shear Bank Road, Blackburn. Born : September 3rd, 1862, at Black- 
bum ; son of William and Mary Counsell, of Blackburn. Married : 1888, 
at Bible Christian Church, Salford, to Louie Greenhalgh, of Salford, Man- 
chester, and has issue two sons : J. A. Counsell, born 1S89 ; P. N. Counsell, 
born 1892. Occupation : Bank Manager. Recreations : Captained Pendleton 
and Sale Cricket Clubs. Notes : Organist of St. John's, Manchester. 1SS3- 
1885 ; Parish Church, Grappenhall, 1885-1887 ; St. Mary's. Ashton-on- 
Mersey, 1887-1902 ; Manager of Lloyds Bank, Blackburn, formerly Inspector 
of Branches, 1902-1913. 



100 LANCASHIRE 



COURTENAY, Rev. John Manifold, M.A., Vicar of Holy Trinity, 
St. Helens. 

Holy Trinity Vicarage, St. Helens. Born : June 22nd, 1859, at Dublin ; 
son of Robert Courtenay, Solicitor, Ranelagh Road, Dublin, and Mary Henrietta 
Courtenay. Educated : Rathmines School ; High School, Dublin ; and Trinity 
College, DubUn ; M.A. Married : 1901, at Christ Church, New Maiden, 
to Ida Louise Urmson, daughter of Samuel Urmson, of West View, Cowley 
Hill, St. Helens, and has issue one son and two daughters : Marjorie Henrietta, 
born 1907 ; John Manifold, born 1908 ; Helen, born 1910. Appointments : 
Vicar of Holy Trinity, St. Helens, 1893 ; Acting Chaplain to County Asylum, 
Rainhill, November, 1915. Recreations : Golf, tennis, cycling. Club : Grange 
Park Golf, St. Helens. 

COVENTRY, Harold, J.P., Metal Merchant. 

I, Hamilton Road, New Brighton, Cheshire ; Ghyll Cottage, Hawkshead, 
Lanes. Born : 1864, at Tranmere ; third son of Joseph Coventry, of Liver- 
pool. Educated : Bickerton House School, Birkdale. Married : 1898, to 
Amy A., daughter of Mrs. Burroughs, of Liverpool, and has issue, one son and 
one daughter. Occupation : MetaJ Merchant. Appointments : J. P. for 
Cheshire, 1912 ; J. P. for Wallasey Borough, 1915; Borough Councillor of 
Wallasey for some years. Clubs : Junior Reform, Liverpool ; Central Liberal 
Wallasey. 

COWPER, Henry Swainson, J.P., F.S.A., Author and Landowner. 

Great Loddenden, Staplehurst, Kent. Born : June 17th, 1865, at Sud- 
bury, Middlesex ; second son of Thomas Christopher Cowper-Essex, of Hawks- 
head, Lanes., and Catherine Anne, eldest daughter of Benjamin Hall, of 
Grange-over-Sands, Lanes. Educated : Harrow School. Married : July 
22nd, 1902, at St. Peter's, Cranley Gardens, to Amy Mary, elder daughter of 
the late Major-General C. S. Dundas, R.A. (and great grand-daughter of 
Admiral Duncan, of Camperdown), and Mary Louisa, eldest daughter of 
Sir Norton Knatchbull, Bart., of Mersham Hatch, Ashford, and has issue 
one son : Christopher Swainson, born June 13th, 1903. Appointments : 
J.P. for the County of Lanes. ; Vice-President, Cumberland and Westmor- 
land Antiquarian Society ; F.S. A. ; Recruiting Ofl&cers' Representative, Staple- 
hurst, Kent, 1915. Author: "Hawkshead, its History," 1899; "Through 
Turkish Arabia," 1894 ; " The Hill of the Graces " (Tripoh), 1897 ; " The 
Development of the Art of Attack," 1906 ; Editor of the Parish Registers 
of Hawkshead and Aldingham ; has contributed various papers to Transac- 
tions of Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian Society. Travelled : 
Mesopotamia, Egypt, Tripoli in Barbary (before Italian raid), Asia Minor. 
Clubs : Constitutional, R.A.C., London. Notes : Owns High House, Hawks- 
head, and 220 acres ; part owner of Hawkshead Hall, and landed property 
in Kent and Middlesex. 

COX, George Henry, J.P., Chairman Salt Union, Chairman Reform 
Club; Director. 

Ellacot, Oxton, Birkenhead ; Colonial House, Water Street, Liverpool. 
'Phone : 605 Birkenhead. Born : 1848, at Liverpool ; eldest son of Geo. 
Fredk. Cox and Emma Thirkell, both of Liverpool. Educated : Private 
Schools. Married : July 25th, 1878, to Isabella Richardson, daughter of 
James Richardson, 16, Coats Crescent, Edinburgh, and has issue two sons and 
one daughter: George Lissant Cox, M.A.,M.D. (Cantab); Ralph Bouverie Cox, 
Barrister, Gray's Inn ; Mary Alison Cox. Appointments : Chairman of the 
Salt Union, Ltd. ; Member of Advisory Committee of Board of Trade, on 



BIOGRAPHIES loi 



Commercial Intelligence ; Trustee of Weaver Navigation ; has been Vice- 
President and Chairman of Council of Liverpool Chamber of Commerce ; 
Chairman of Reform Club, Liverpool, 1898 ; J. P. for Liverpool and Birken- 
head ; Chairman of Mersey Power Co., Ltd., Liverpool ; Chairman of Weston 
and Westall, Ltd., London ; Director of North-Eastern Salt Co., Ltd., Middles- 
brough. Recreations : Fly-fishing, gardening, reading. Clubs : Reform, 
Liverpool ; National Liberal, London. 

COX, The Venerable William Lang Paige, Vicar of Hoylake, and 
Archdeacon of Chester. 

Holy Trinity Vicarage, Hoylake, Cheshire. Born : 1855 ; son of William 
Lang Paige Cox and Hannah Cox. Educated : Dublin University, M.A. ; 
Durham, B.D. Married : 1884, to Edith Margaret, daughter of Edward 
Charley, of Conway House, Dunmurry, Co. Antrim, and has issue two 
daughters : Marjorie and Edith Paige. Profession : Vicar of Hoylake 
and Archdeacon of Chester. Publications : " Aids to Behef in the Miracles 
and Divinity of Christ " ; " The Church of England as Catholic and 
Reformed." Clubs : Royal Liverpool (Hoylake) Golf ; Grosvenor, Chester. 

COXON, John. J.P. 

Statham Lodge, near Warrington. Born : 1858 ; only son of Benjamin 
Payne Coxon, C.E., of Warrington. Married : 1894, to Annie, third daughter 
of John Hutchings, of Racefield, Altrincham. Appointment : J.P. for 
Cheshire, 1912. Club : Thatched House. 

CRADOCK-WATSON, Henry J. J., M.A., Head Master, Merchant 
Taylors' School. 

The School House, Crosby, Liverpool. 'Phone : 308 Waterloo. Tele- 
grams : Cradock- Watson, Crosby, Liverpool. Born : Eldest son of the Rev. 
H. G. Watson, late Vicar of Great Staughton, Hunts. Educated : Merchant 
Taylors' School, London ; St. John's College, Oxford (Scholar) ; First Class 
Classical Mods., Second Class Lit. Hum. Married : 1898, to Florence Sophie, 
eldest daughter of Colonel A. J. Hepper, D.S.O., R.E., and has issue three 
sons and one daughter. Profession: Head Master of Merchant Taylors' School, 
Great Crosby, since 1903 ; Assistant Master, St. John's School, Leatherhead, 
1888-1890 ; Tonbridge School, 1890-1903 (House Master from 1898). Appoint- 
ments : Member of I.A.H.M., H.M. Conf. ; Council of Classical Association ; 
Court of Liverpool University, and Liverpool Diocesan Board of Divinity. 
Recreations : Rowing, tennis, golf, cychng. Note : Joined Lanes. Special 
Constabulary. 

CRAN, Capt. Robert David, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. (Lend.). 

247, Regent Road, Salford. 'Phone : 765 Trafford Park. Born : 1874, 
at Salford ; only son of Dr. James and Marion Cran. Educated : 
M.R.C.S. (Eng.) ; L.R.C.P. (Lond.) ; Hon. Associate, Order of St. John of 
Jerusalem. Married : 1905, to Gertrude Janet, daughter of Dr. George 
Thomson, of Oldham. Profession : Surgeon. Appointment : Member of 
Salford Town Council (Regent Ward). Recreation: Ambulance work. Note: 
Capt., R.A.M.C, attached 66th (East Lanes.) Divisional Train (T.F.). 

CRASTON, William Herbert, LL.B., Solicitor. 

Albion House, The Avenue, Leigh. Born : At Standish, near Wigan ; 
son of Anthony Craston, late of Blackpool, M.A. (Cantab.). Scholar and Exhi- 
bitioner of Christ's College, Cambridge, and Elizabeth Craston. Educated : 
LL.B. (London), and Dauntsey Law Prizeman at Owens College, Victoria 



102 LANCASHIRE 



University. Married : Twice — (i) To Anne Leach, of Parbold, near South- 
port ; (2) to Bertha Massey, daughter of Wm. Kilby, Shpper Manufacturer, 
Chorlton-cum-Hardy. Profusion: Sohcitor. Travelled: France and Belgium 
in 1897. Clubs : Conservatrve, Leigh and Wigan. 

CRAVEN, Thomas, J.P., D.L., Railway Director and Landowner. 

Kirklington Hall, Southwell, Notts. Born : March, 1850, at Manchester ; 
son of James Craven, of Manchester, and Sarah, daughter of William Welcher, 
of Doddington, Cambridgeshire. Educated : Private Schools. Married : 
Twice— (i) To Annie Elizabeth, daughter of W. H. Cornforth, of Manchester 
(died 1904) ; (2) to Mary, daughter of Samuel Berridge, of Toft, Rugby, and 
has issue two sons and three daughters ; Reginald, born June nth, 1875 ; 
Leslie, born October, 1881 ; Edith Mary ; Rosemary ; Cicely. Appoint- 
ments : J. P., D.L. for Lanes. ; J.P. for Nottinghamshire ; High Sheriff for 
Nottinghamshire, 1910. Recreations : Music and racing. Clubs : Marl- 
borough ; Conservative. Notes : Is Deputy-Chairman, Cambrian Railway ; 
Director of the Mansfield Railway and Messrs. Beyer, Peacock and Co. ; owns 
about 3,500 acres in Nottinghamshire. 

CRAWFORD, Rev. William, B.A. (Lond.). 

St. Andrew's House, Dunscar, Bolton-le-Moors ; St. Andrew's Church, 
Bromley Cross. Born : March 26th, 1866, at Thurso, Caithness ; son of 
John and Marjorie Crawford, of Crieff. Educated : Crieff, and Edinburgh 
University ; Degree B.A. of London, 1890. Married : July 19th, 1911, at 
Grantham, to Gertrude Miriam Appleby, daughter of George William and 
Theresa Jane Appleby, of Fern Bank, Grantham, and has issue two sons: 
George William Kenneth and Alexander Philip. Profession : Clerk in 
Holy Orders ; Assistant Curate of Christ Church and St. Andrew's, Walmsley 
Parish, Bolton, from April, 1909. Recreations : Cycling, photography, 
horticulture. Notes : Secondary Teacher, 1887-1905 (eight years at Royal 
Masonic School); Curate, 1906-1913. 

CREGAN, Rev. James, Congregational Minister. 

63, Brondesbury Road, London, N.W. Born : 1857, in Co. Down, 
Ireland ; son of Mr. and Mrs. George Cregan. Educated : Belfast, and Harley 
CoUege, London. Married : May 12th, 1885, to Lizzie, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Wright, Co. Armagh, Ireland, and has issue four sons, 
all of whom are officers in the Army. Profession : Congregational Minister. 
Appointments : Minister of Paddington Chapel, London ; Minister of Albert 
Bridge Congregational Church, Belfast, 22 J years, and of Cavendish Chapel, 
Manchester, ten years ; Chairman of Irish Congregational Union, 1890 ; 
Chairman, Manchester Congregational Board, 191 1 ; Chairman, Lancashire 
Congregational Union, 1913. Publications : Edited Irish Congregational 
Magazine for fifteen years. Recreations : Reading, walking, gardening. 

CRICK, Rev. Thomas, M.A. (Oxon), Chaplain, R.N. 

The Admiralty, London, S.W. ; Aydeherst, St. Annes-on-Sea. Born : 
March 17th, 1885, at Chatburn ; son of the late Rev. Thomas Crick, Vicar 
of Farn worth, and Mrs. Crick, Aydeherst, St. Annes-on-Sea. Educated : 
Brasenose College, Oxford (M.A. Honours) ; Ely Theological College ; Prox. 
Ace. Open Scholarship, Christ Church, Oxford, 1904. Profession : Chaplain, 
Royal Navy; H.M.S. King Edward VII., 1913-1916 ; Chaplain, H.M.S. 
Malaya, 1916 ; formerly served on H.M.S. Bellerophon, and at Royal Naval 
Barracks, Portsmouth. Before entering Navy, Curate at Wigan Parish Church. 
Served with International Force at Scutari, Albania, in Balkan War, 1913. 
Club : Junior Army and Navy, London. Took part in the battle of Jutland, 
on board H.M.S. Malaya. 



BIOGRAPHIES 103 



CRIPPS, Reginald Dawbarn, Clerk of the Peace and Assistant Town 
Clerk. 

Municipal Offices, Dale Street, Liverpool ('Phone : Bank 8720). Born : 
August 19th, 1861, at Liverpool. Appointments : Assistant Town Clerk ; 
Clerk of the Peace ; Deputy Registrar of the Court of Passage. 

CRISALL, Rev. James Stephen, M.A. 

61, Edge Lane, Liverpool. Born : 1871, at Oxford ; son of James 
Stephen and Harriet Crisall. Educated: Oxford High School ; M.A. , Wad- 
ham College, Oxon. Married : 1900, to Minnie Beatrice Collins, daughter 
of James and Margaret Nalder Collins, and has issue one son and three 
daughters : Philip James Furness, Margaret Marian, Ruth Beatrice, Joan 
Eleanor. Recreation : Golf. 

CROFTON, John flfoUiott, Solicitor. 

Oak Legh, Mobberley Road, Knutsford, Cheshire. Office : 36, Brazen- 
nose Street, Manchester. Born : January ist, 1877, at Manchester ; only 
son of Henry Thomas Crofton, of Manchester, and late of Maidenhead, Berks., 
and Martha Pilling, younger daughter of the late Dr. Joseph McKeand, of 
Manchester. Educated : Harrow School. Married : February 26th, 1913, at 
Rushohne, Manchester, to Frederica Fanny Allen, youngest daughter of 
Frederick NichoUs, of Whitstable, Kent, and Emma Lynch, second daughter 
of William and Mary Carr, of Whitstable, Kent. Profession : SoUcitor. 
(London Agents : Chester and Co., 36, Bedford Row, W.C). Appoint- 
ments : Law Clerk to County Lunatic Asylum, Prestwich ; also to Visiting 
Justices for the Overdale Private Asylum ; the Manchester Assize Courts 
Committee ; also to Visitors for Salford Hundred under the Mental Deficiency 
Act. Travelled : Norway, Switzerland, Iceland, France, Italy, Spitzbergen, 
South Africa, Belgium. Recreations : Shooting, fishing, motoring. Club : 
Clarendon, Manchester. Notes : Lieut., ist Volunteer Co., Cheshire Regt. ; 
served in Boer War, 1900-1901 ; Medal and four Clasps. Present head of 
the family is Sir Morgan George Crofton, Bart., of Mohill House, Co. 
Leitrim, Ireland. 

CROMPTON, Alderman Samuel, Retired Railway Manager. 

Granada House, Powis Road, Preston, Lanes. Born : May 31st, 1852, 
at Preston ; son of Daniel Crompton, of Accrington, and Catherine Crompton, 
of Accrington, formerly of Bolton. Educated : Peel Park Academy, Accring- 
ton. Married : 1876, to Sehna, daughter of John and Mary Riley, of 
Accrington, and has issue two sons and one daughter : Samuel Bertram, 
born 1879 ; Harry Grundy, born 1880 ; Catherine Mary, bom 1893. Occu- 
pation : Railway Manager (retired). Appointments: Chairman of Tram- 
ways and Town Cleansing Committees ; Councillor of Borough of Preston, 
1901 ; Alderman, April, 1915. Travelled : Continent, Canada (Quebec to 
Vancouver Island), America, Mexico. Recreations : Golf, bowling, shooting, 
fishing, bilhards, etc. Clubs : Conservative, Ashton-on-Ribble Social, Bowling, 
and Golf. Notes : Descendant of Samuel Crompton, inventor of the spinning 
mule. Is engaged entirely in voluntary public work. His only daughter is 
a Red Cross nurse. Has two sons, one with the Minister of Munitions, at 
Whitehall, the other a Pharmacist. 

CRONSHAW, James Henry, A.R.C.A. 

Heginbottom School, Old Street, Ashton-under-Lyne ; Wellington Place, 
Mellor Road. Born : June 14th, 1869, at Accrington ; third son of Joseph 
and Ann Cronshaw, of Accrington. Educated : Seven years at Royal College 



104 LANCASHIRE 



of Art ; Associate, Royal College of Art, London. Married : 1896, to Malina 
Thompson, only daughter of Henry and Amelia Thompson, of Accrington. 
Profession : Head Master, School of Art. Travelled: Dresden, Paris, Prague. 
Recreation : Sketching from nature. 

CROOK, Edward Tipping, J. P., Company Director and Landowner. 

" Holme Lea," Lostock, near Bolton ; Woodlands Hall, Bridgnorth, 
Salop. Born : August i6th, 1859, ^^ Bolton ; second son of the late Joseph 
Crook, J. P., and formerly M.P. for Bolton, and Mary, eldest daughter of 
Thomas Biggs, of Leicester. Educated : Clifton College. Married : January 
29th, 1890, at Nottingham, to Hilda, third daughter of the late John Maddock 
Perry, of Nottingham, and Sarah Roby, only daughter of William Thorpe, 
of Nottingham, and has issue one son and three daughters : Evelyn Hilda 
Perry, Philip Joseph, Aline Mary, Sybil Helen. Appointments : J. P. for 
County of Lancaster, 1905. Recreation : Hunting. Notes : Director of 
Bolton Employers' Mutual Insurance Co., Ltd. ; Bolton Cotton Trade Mutual 
Fire Insurance Co., Ltd. ; Managing Director and Vice-Chairman, Crosses and 
Winkworth, Ltd. Owns about 640 acres in parishes of Glazeley, Chetton, 
Chelmarsh (all in Salop). 

CROOK, Thomas, J.P., Cotton Shipper. 

Rosedale, Burnley. Office : c/o C. R. Boyce, 8, Exchange Street, Man- 
chester. Born : May nth, 1855, at Burnley ; eldest son of Thomas and Alice 
Crook. Educated : Carlton Road School, Burnley. Occupation : Cotton 
Shipper. Appointments : J. P. for Burnley ; Local Correspondent of Intelli- 
gence Committee on Distress and Unemployment of Local Government Board. 
Member, Burnley Literary and Scientific Club, and writes on economic sub- 
jects. Recreations : Literary pursuits, walking, gardening. Club : Mechanics' 
Institute, Burnley. Career : Is now the Manager, in England, of a firm 
of Southern Cotton Shippers. After a successful career as a cotton 
manufacturer, he retired from that branch of the business and turned 
his attention to the solving of the problem of supplying spinners with 
their raw material by more direct and less expensive methods than those 
hitherto in force. The success of his efforts are now manifest in the increasing 
business of Messrs, Boyce and Co., Cotton Shippers, of 8, Exchange Street, 
Manchester, and Memphis, Tennessee, the firm referred to above, the business 
of which Mr. Crook may be said to have established. In his younger days, 
after the usual commercial education given to middle-class youth, Mr. Crook 
received a thorough training in the practical and technical part of both spin- 
ning and weaving in his father's own mills. He commenced business as a 
Cotton Manufacturer on his own account in 1881, retiring in 1902. He was 
shortly afterwards appointed the first Secretary of the Burnley Chamber of 
Commerce, then being formed, which position he held about four years ; he 
was elected Vice-President of that body on his resignation of the Secretary- 
ship, and is now serving a second term of office. As delegate of the Burnley 
Chamber, he attended the Congress of Chambers of Commerce of the Empire, 
at Montreal, Canada, in 1903, and it was on this visit to the other side of the 
Atlantic that friendships were formed with men connected with the shipping 
of cotton from the Southern States, and which rendered it possible for Mr. 
Crook to put his ideas of direct shipment of cotton to spinners into practice. 
In this enterprise his previous experience of spinning enabled him to judge 
of the right quality of cotton suitable for the spinning of various counts of 
yam (fine or coarse, weft or twist), and proved very useful as a starting-point. 
Lancashire spinners are famous for their alertness in adopting improvements, 
whether commercial or mechanical. They were not slow to perceive the advan- 
tage of the new system Mr. Crook introduced, and it is to their enterprising 



BIOGRAPHIES 105 



spirit, coupled with the splendid buying connection organised by Mr. Boyce 
in the South, that the success of the movement is due. Mr. Crook has always 
been fond of the study of economic questions, and is now recognised as an 
authority on these subjects, more especially such as bear on any branch of 
the cotton business. He was a member of the Burnley Corporation for some 
years, and appointed a Justice of the Peace in 1909. 

CROOKS, James, J. P., Timber Merchant and Borough Councillor. 

The Woodlands, Eccleston Park, Prescot, Lanes. Office : Shaw Street, 
St. Helens. Born : March 25th, 1858, at St. Helens, Lanes. ; son of James 
Crooks, of St. Helens, Lanes., and Ann, daughter of Henry Webster, of St. 
Helens, Lanes. Married : April 29th, 1885, at Knowsley, to Emily, daughter 
of Richard Broomfield, of Knowsley, Lanes., and Mary Meader, daughter 
of Samuel Norton, of Lyndhurst, Hampshire, and has issue two sons : Frederic, 
born July 4th, 1886 ; Ernest, born December 26th, 1889. Occupation : 
Timber Merchant. Appointments : J. P. for the County Borough of St. Helens ; 
Mayor for same Borough, 1912-1913 ; elected Member of Council in 1902. 
Club : Conservative, Liverpool. Note : His son, Frederic Crooks, is Capt., 
5th Batt., South Lanes. Regt. (attached West Lanes. Divisional Signal Co., 
R.E.). 

CROSS, Albert J„ A.R.A.M. (1914), Principal of Manchester School 
of Music. 

Valement, Moss Lane East, Manchester, Born : At Manchester. Son 
of Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Cross, of Cheshire. Educated: Silver and Double Bronze 
Medallist of the Royal Academy of Music, and Diploma of the Roycd 
Conservatorium, Leipzig. Principal of Manchester School of Music, Albert 
Square, from 1897 ; Assistant Principal, 1892-1897 ; Professor of the Piano- 
forte (Advanced Technique and Interpretation) and Harmony ; Orchestral 
and Choral Conductor. Publications : Songs and pianoforte solos. Recrea- 
tion : Producing " Grand Opera." Club : Royal Academy of Music. 

CROSS, Rev. the Hon. Charles Francis, M.A. (Cantab), Vicar and 
Rural Dean. 

Stretton Vicarage, Warrington. Telegrams : Stretton, Cheshire. Born : 
September 22nd, i860, at Witton House, Northwich ; fourth but second sur- 
viving son of the first Viscount Cross, P.C, G.C.B., G.C.S.L Educated : 
Rugby; M.A. (Cantab). Profession: Vicar of Stretton, Cheshire, from 1897 ; 
Rural Dean of Frodsham, from 1912. Recreations : Music and literature. 

GROSS, George Henry, Solicitor. 

Woodleigh, West Street, Prescot. Born : February 5th, 1883, at Prescot ; 
son of Henry and Rose Margaret Cross, of Stanley Crescent, Prescot. Edu- 
cated : Shrewsbury School. Profession : SoUcitor. Recreations : Gardening 
and golf. Club : Old Salopian. Note : Is a Lce.-Corpl., 2/ioth Scottish 
Batt., King's (Liverpool) Regt. 

CROSS, Richard Assheton, Viscount (U.K., 1886). 

Treasury Chambers, Whitehall, S.W. ; 22, York Street, Marylebone, W. ; 
Eccle Riggs, Broughton-in-Furness. Born : 1882, in London ; son of the 
Hon. William Henry Cross, M.P. for West Derby, Liverpool (died 1S92I, and 
Mary, daughter of William Lewthwaite, of Broadgate, Cumberland. Educated : 
Wixenford, Eton, and University College, Oxford: M.A. (Oxon). Career: 
Succeededhisgrandfather as second Viscount, 1914. Clubs: Carlton; Bath. 



io6 LANCASHIRE 



CROSSLAND, James, Licentiate R.I.B.A. 

8, Lindow Hill, Lancaster. Office : High Street House, Lancaster. 
Born : September loth, 1876, at Sheffield ; eldest son of James H. Crossland, 
Landscape Painter. Educated : Old College, Windermere, and privately. 
Married : September 7th, 1909, to Gladys Maud, second daughter of the 
Rev. Cyril T. and Mrs. Crossland, of Gleadless Vicarage, near Sheffield. 
Recreation : Yachting. Career : Licentiate of the Royal Institute of 
British Architects ; Associate Royal Sanitary Institute ; Gold Medallist 
of the National Housing and Town Planning Council. Articled to Thomas 
H. Mawson, Hon. A. R.I.B.A. (Lecturer on Landscape Design at Liverpool 
University), and pupil to his business of Landscape Architecture (Town 
Planning, Civic Art, Design of Public and Private Parks, Gardens, etc.). 
Since, has assisted on Design or superintendence of many important works 
such as : Gardens for H.M. Queen Alexandra, at Villa Hvidore ; also at the 
Palace of Peace, the Hague ; also for H.M. The King of the Hellenes, and 
many others. Town Planning Schemes for Athens, Exeter, Dunfermline, 
Calgary, Alta, Regina, Sask., Borden Park, Ottawa, Bolton, Southport, Van- 
couver City, B.C., and many other places. Designs for Public Parks at Hanley, 
Staffs., Burslem, Newport, Mon., Cleethorpes, Preston, etc. All as assistant, 
and latterly as manager, to the firm to whom he was articled more than twenty 
years ago. Travelled all over Canada, including Ottawa, Regina, Sask., Cal- 
gary, Alta, Vancouver, B.C., Edmonton, Alta, Saskatoon, Sask., in connection 
with Town Planning. 

CROSSLAND, Thomas, B.Sc. (Lond.). 

Ashburton, Park Lane, Ightenhill, Burnley. 'Phone : 317 Burnley. 
Born : August 13th, 1873, at Sheffield ; eldest son of Thomas and Agnes 
M. Crossland (nee Allwood). Married: January 7th, 1897, to Ellen 
Riggott, of Walton, Chesterfield, daughter of James and Elizabeth 
Riggott. Recreations : Amateur gardener and public speaker. Clubs : 
Burnley Mechanics' Institution ; Alpha Union. Career : Educated at 
Higher' Grade School, Sheffield ; London Matriculation (First Division) ; 
Firth College, Sheffield (now Sheffield University) ; Inter. B.Sc, London 
First Division ; Final B.Sc, London, Hons. in Physics ; Post Graduate 
Research Work (assisting Dr. Hicks, F.R.S.), on Rontgen Rays. Diplomas: 
B.Sc, London (Hons. in Physics) ; Associate and Scholar of Firth College, 
Sheffield ; B.Sc. conferred when Firth College attained University rank. 
Appointments : Assistant Master, afterwards Second Master, Bristol Pupil 
Teacher Centre, 1896-1901 ; Principal, Burnley Pupil Teacher Centre, 1901- 
1909 ; Head Master, Burnley Higher Grade School, 1906-1909 (dual appoint- 
ment, 1906-1909) ; Principal, Burnley Municipal Technical Institute, 1909. 
Has been Hon. Secretary, Burnley Literary and Scientific Club ; Member of 
Advisory Committee to Burnley Education Authority ; President, local branch 
of Workers' Educational Association ; Vice-President, League of Social 
Service ; President, Municipal Officers' Guild, 1914. Also a Member of the 
Council of the Association of Teachers in Technical Institutions ; a past 
Chairman of the East Lanes, branch of same, and present Member of Council 
of East Lanes, branch ; is (along with Chairman of Higher Education Com- 
mittee of Burnley Town Council) a delegate appointed to attend the various 
Conferences of the Association of Technical Institutions. 

CROSTHWAITE, Alderman Arthur, J.P. 

Fylingsdale, Wavertree. Born : June 8th, 1846, at Woolton Hill ; son 
of John Crosthwaite, J.P., City of Liverpool, and his wife Frances (nee Rogers), 
of Chester. Educated : The College, Windermere. Appointments : Elected 
Alderman, October 27th, 1909 ; Lord Mayor, 1900-1901. 



BIOGRAPHIES 107 



CROSTHWAITE, Robert, M.A., B.Sc, Head Master, Manchester 
Central High School. 

35, Knowsley Road, Bolton. 'Phone : 476 Bolton, Born : May 23rd, 
1868, at Bishopthorpe, York ; son of Robert Jarratt Crosthwaite, D.D., 
Bishop of Beverley, and Eleanor Simpson. Educated : St. Peter's, York ; 
Pembroke College, Cambridge University ; M.A. ; Honours in Mathematics 
and Natural Science ; B.Sc, London. Married : To Augusta B. E. R. 
Whatman, daughter of Charles Whatman, of Cobtree, Kent, and has issue one 
son and one daughter : Richard Rolaert Raigersfeld ; Betty Eleanor 
Raigersfeld. Profession : Head Master of the Manchester Central High 
School. Recreation : Golf. Career : Head Master of Kendal Grammar 
School, 1901-1904 ; Senior Science Master at Sherborne School, 1893-1901. 

CUBITT, Rev. Henry Joseph, B.D., Congregational Minister. 

12, Sandown Terrace, Sandown Lane, Wavertree, Liverpool. Born : 
July 3rd, 1873, at London ; son of Thomas William and Elizabeth Cubitt. 
Educated : St. Albans Grammar School ; New College, London ; B.D. (Lon- 
don). Married : April 29th, 1903, to Grace S. Renwick, daughter of Thomas 
and Agnes Renwick. Profession : Congregational Minister. Recreation : 
Sketching. 

DAKIN, George, J. P. 

Arlington House, Latchford Without, Warrington. Born : 1838 ; third 
son of John Dakin, of Thelwall, Cheshire. Educated : Warrington Grammar 
School. Married : 1890, to Emma, daughter of George Birnie Hill, Deputy- 
Inspector-General, R.N. Appointment : J. P. for Daresbury Division, 
Cheshire. Club : Warrington. 

DALEY, William Allen, M.D. (Lond.), B.Sc, B.S., B.A., D.P.H. 

14, St. Edmond's Road, Bootle ; Town Hall, Bootle. Born : 1887, at 
Bootle ; son of Dr. Wm. Daley, Medical Officer of Health, Bootle. Educated : 
Merchant Taylors' School, Crosby ; Liverpool University. Degrees : M.D. 
(London), B.Sc. (London) ; M.B., Ch.B. (First Class Honours) (Liverpool) ; 
B.A. (R.U.L), D.P.H. (Cantab). Married : January ist, 1913, at Liverpool, 
to Mary, daughter of the late Edward Toomey, of Cork. Profession : Medical 
Officer of Health and School Medical Officer, County Borough of Bootle, 
1911 to date. Publications: Contributions to medical journals and "Reports 
on the Health of Bootle." Travelled: America, Spain, etc. 

DANSON, Francis Chatillon, J.P., F.S.A., F.S.S., Member Mersey 
Docks and Harbour Board, and Chairman School of Tropical 
Medicine. 

Rosewarne, Bidston Road, Birkenhead ; Dry Close, Grasmere, West- 
morland. Offices : I and 2, Gracechurch Street, London, E.C. ; Tower 
Buildings, Liverpool. Born : 1855, at Bamston, Cheshire ; son of John 
Towne Danson, Barrister-at-Law. Educated : Liverpool College ; Paris. 
Married : To Edith Rudolf, daughter of William Norman Rudolf, of Liverpool, 
Shipowner, and has issue two sons and one daughter : Helen Margaret Rosa, 
Francis Rudolf, John Raymond. Profession : Senior Partner, F. C. Danson 
and Co., of Liverpool and London, Average Adjusters. Appointments : 
Member of Council of Liverpool University ; Member of Mersey Docks and 
Harbour Board ; Chairman of Liverpool Institute Schools ; Governor of 
Sedburgh School, 1909-1914 ; Chairman of Liverpool School of Tropical 
Medicine ; Deputy-Chairman of Liverpool Shipwreck and Humane Society ; 
Chairman of the Conservative Party in Birkenhead, 1899-1904 ; Chairman 



io8 LANCASHIRE 



Association of Average Adjusters of Great Britain, 1892 ; Member of Council 
of Liverpool Chamber of Commerce and Institute of Archaeology ; Member 
of the International Law Association ; President of Liverpool Chamber of 
Commerce, 1896-1899 ; High Sheriff of Westmorland, 1914 ; J. P. ; Repre- 
sentative of the Board of Trade on the Liverpool and London War Risks Insur- 
ance Association, since the outbreak of the war. Recreations : Motoring and 
collecting books and antiquities. Clubs : University, Conservative, Exchange, 
Liverpool. Notes : Elder son, Francis Rudolf Danson, B.A., born at Birken- 
head, 1882 ; educated at Sedbergh and Trinity College, Oxford (took a Degree 
in Law with Honours) ; Lieut., 4th Batt., Cheshire Regt., killed while leading 
his men against the Turks, near Suvla Bay, August loth, 1915. Second son, 
John Raymond Danson, born at Birkenhead, 1883 ; educated at Sedbergh 
and Trinity College, Oxford ; Capt,, 4th Batt., Cheshire Regt. 

DARBISHIRE, Harold Dukinfield, B.A., LL.B., Solicitor and 
Company Director. 

Holly Bank, Mossley Hill, Liverpool. Office : 13, Union Court, Castle 
Street, Liverpool. Born : August 17th, 1881, at Plas Celyn, Penmaenmawr, 
Carnarvonshire ; third son of Charles Henry Darbishire, of Plas Mawr, 
Penmaenmawr, and Mary Lilian, the eldest daughter of William 
Eckersley, late of Manchester. Educated : Giggleswick and Shrewsbury 
Schools ; Cambridge University ; B.A., LL.B. Married : February 28th, 
1912, at Rochdale, to Hester Elizabeth, eldest daughter of John Albert Bright, 
of " One Ash," Rochdale, and Edith Shawcross Bright, eldest daughter of 
William Tuer Shawcross, late of Rochdale, and has issue two sons : Stephen 
Bright, born January 15th, 1913, and David Harold, born October 23rd, 1914. 
Profession : Solicitor (London Agents : Field, Roscoe and Co., Lincoln's Inn 
Fields, W.C.) and Company Director. Travelled : Round the world, 1903- 
1904. Recreations : Swimming, tennis, golf. Notes : Captain in the 42nd 
Divisional Ammunition Column ; Director of the Penmaenmawr and Welsh 
Granite Co., Ltd. ; Member of the Committee of Management of the Liverpool 
and District Women Domestic Servants' Insurance Society. 

DAVIES, Alfred Thomas, C.B., J.P., Solicitor, Educational Authority. 

Jesmond, Blackheath Park, S.E. ; Brynhyfryd, Pontfadog, near Chirk, 
North Wales. 'Phone : 600 Lee Green. Telegrams : Davies, c/o Princi- 
pality, London. Born : March nth, 1861 ; son of the late William Davies, 
Silk Mercer, of Liverpool. Educated : Waterloo High School, near Liverpool ; 
University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. Married : Twice — (i) 1888, to 
Margaret Esther, daughter of the late T. C. Nicholas, of Liverpool ; (2) 1903, 
to Mary, daughter of the late Charles Colton, Liverpool and Birkdale, and has 
issue three sons and one daughter. Profession : Solicitor and Notary Public ; 
practised in Liverpool from 1883 to 1907. Appointments : J. P. for Denbigh- 
shire ; Permanent Secretary of the Welsh Department, Board of Education, 
since 1907 ; Cursitor of the County Palatine of Lancaster, since 1895 ; Organis- 
ing Secretary of Technical Education for Waterloo-with-Seaforth, Lanes., 
1891-1896 ; Secretary of Lundie Memorial (Educational) Trust, Liverpool, 
1895-1907 ; Member of Denbighshire County Council and Education 
Committee, 1904-1907 ; Governor of University College of Wales, Aberystwyth ; 
Founder and President of the " Ceiriog " National (Poets') Memorial; Member 
of the Imperial Education Conferences of 1907 and 1911, also of the Depart- 
mental Committee on National School of Medicine for Wales, 1914-1915 ; C.B., 
1917. Publications : " Handbook on the Licensing Acts and their Adminis- 
tration " ; " The Licensing Problem and Magisterial Discretion " ; " The 
Relation of Municipal Action to Morals " ; "A Survey of Liverpool's Lapsed 
Licenses and what it Teaches " ; " The Welsh Language and How to Preserve 



BIOGRAPHIES 109 



it " ; " The Cult of the Beautiful in the School " ; etc. Editor of the series 
of patriotic booklets issued annually by the Welsh Department of the Board of 
Education in connection with the observance of the National Anniversary of 
St. David's Day. Recreations : Writing and travel. Club : The Reform. 

DAVIES, Rev. Edward, Wesleyan Minister. 

53, Berkley Street, Liverpool. Born : 1875, at Chesterton, Stoke-on- 
Trent ; son of Edward and Mary Elizabeth Davits. Educated : Didsbury 
College, Manchester. Married : 1903, to Annie Humphreys, and has issue 
one son and one daughter : Edward Gethin ; Mary Eirwen. Profession : 
Wesleyan Minister. Publication : " Biography of the Rev. Edward 
Humphreys, Liverpool." Recreation : Cychng. 

DAVIES, Griffith Humphreys, L.R.C.P. 

Penrhyn, 91, Preston New Road, Blackburn. Born : October 20th, 
1852, at Wisconsin, U.S.A. ; son of Humphrey and Jane Davies, of Wisconsin, 
U.S.A. Educated : Grammar School, Carnarvon ; Glasgow ; Paris ; L.R.C.P. 
Married : April 29th, 1886, at Holy Trinity Church, Blackburn, Lanes., to 
Ann Ellen Ramsbottom, daughter of John and Margaret Ramsbottom, of 
Goodshaw, Lanes. Appointments : Trustee to Crunningham's Brewery Co., 
Ltd. Travelled : America and European countries. Recreations : Motor- 
ing and shooting. Club : British Medical Association. Notes : Twenty-one 
years' service at the Blackburn East Lanes. Infirmary, first Ophthalmic and 
Aural Surgeon there, and originator of that department of Medical Science at 
the above Infirmary. Property owner. 

DAVIES, Rev, J. Talog, Welsh Presbyterian Minister. 

34, Kelvin Grove, Liverpool. Born : 1876, at Aberayron, S. Wales ; 
son of Elias and Mary Davies. Educated : Emlyn Grammar School ; Trefecca 
Theological College. Married : September i8th, 1903, to Elizabeth Sarah 
Jones, daughter of the late Rev. Richard Jones, Llanymynech, Mon., and has 
issue two sons and one daughter : Owen Talog Davies : Elwyn Talog Davies ; 
Winifred Talog Davies. Profession : Welsh Presbyterian Minister. Pub- 
lication : Editor of The Treasury, official organ of the Presbyterian Church of 
Wales. Recreations : Golf and walking. 

DAVIES, Rev. Moses, B.A., B.D., Rector of the Church of the 
Ascension, Lower Broughton. 

The Ascension Rectory, Lower Broughton. Born : September 6th, 1S80, 
at Blaenau-Gwent, Abertillery, Mon. ; son of John and Emma Davies (mother 
deceased), of Nanty-Glo, Mon. Educated : Private tuition ; St. David's 
College, Lampeter; Lie. Div., 1905; B.A., 1908; B.D., 1912. Profession: 
Clerk in Holy Orders ; formerly Curate of St. George's, Mossley, Manchester, 
and of St. Luke's, Cheetham Hill ; Hon. Secretary of Ashton-under- 
Lyne and District Federation of Church of England Men's Society ; 
appointed Rector of the Church of the Ascension, Lower Broughton, in 
February, 1915. Travelled : British Isles onl3% Nvith the exception of one 
brief journey to France. Recreation : Golf. Club : Stamford Golf Club, 
Stalybridge. Notes : Ordained by the present Bishop of Manchester : Deacon, 
1905, Priest, 1906. Obtained B.A. Degree with one " First " and two 
" Second " Classes in the examinations, and with special commendation in 
each of the three years by the examiners. 



no LANCASHIRE 



DAVIES, Rev. Philip Latimer, B.A., Vicar of St. Thomas', 
Wavertree. 

St. Thomas' Vicarage, Wavertree, Liverpool. Born : February 17th, 
1864, at Swansea ; son of John Davies, of Swansea, and Ann, daughter of 
Philip Bevan, of Swansea. Educated : Swansea Grammar School ; Royal 
University of Ireland. Profession : Vicar of St. Thomas', Wavertree ; for- 
merly Vicar of St. James', Toxteth, Liverpool. Appointments : Mathematical 
Master, Liverpool College ; Assistant Master, Navy Department, Portsmouth 
Grammar School. Travelled: Pyrenees, 1905. Recreation: Golf. Club: 
University. 

DAVIES, Rhys John, President of Manchester and Salford Labour 
Party. 

9, Booth Avenue, Withington, Manchester. Office : Co-operative News 
Buildings, Long Millgate, Manchester. 'Phone : 4923 City. Born : April 
i6th, 1877, at Llangenech, Carmarthenshire ; youngest son of Rhys and 
Ann Davies. Educated : Elementary Education. Married : June 2nd, 
1902, to Margaret Ann Griffiths, daughter of William Griffiths, Ton Pentre, 
Glam., and has issue three children. Occupation : Insurance Manager, Amal- 
gamated Union of Co-operative Employees. Vice-President, National Associa- 
tion of Trade Union Approved Societies ; President, Manchester and Salford 
Labour Party ; President, Educational Department, Manchester and Salford 
Co-operative Society, Ltd. ; Member of the Salford Insurance Committee. 
Appointment : Councillor for the City of Manchester (Gorton Ward), elected 
November, 1913. Publications : Joint author of a book, entitled, " The 
Working Life of Shop Assistants," and writer on social and industrial topics. 
Career : Commenced his working life as a farm servant, and, after following 
that occupation for three years, worked as a coal miner for ten years in the 
South Wales coalfield. He then entered Co-operative employment, and in 
1907 became a permanent official of the Amalgamated Union of Co-operative 
Employees, which is now one of the strongest Trade Unions in the country, 
with 56,000 members and a State insured membership of 27,000. He is 
a public speaker on several topics. 

DAVIS, Albert Edward, F.R.C.S. (Edin.), L.R.C.P. 

20, Great George Square, and 56, Rodney Street, Liverpool. 'Phone : 
74 Royal. Born : 1864, at Liverpool ; son of John Davis, of Birmingham, 
and Catherine Davis (nee Peacock), of Northallerton, Educated: F.R.C.S., 
Edinburgh ; L.R.C.P. Married : At Liverpool, to Annie Louisa, daughter 
of Jas. S. Nuttall, of Liverpool, and has issue one son and one daughter : 
John S., born 1902 ; Gladys, born 1895. Profession : Specialist in Psycho- 
therapy ; Physician to and one of the founders of the Liverpool Psycho- 
therapeutic Clinic. Appointment : Late Member of the Liverpool City Council, 
1907-1910. 

DAVY, William, Hon. Sec, Manchester City Council Labour Group. 

63, Central Road, Gorton, Manchester ; 171, Hyde Road, Gorton, Man- 
chester. Born : 1863, at Langcliffe, near Settle, Yorkshire ; son of Robert 
and Louisa Davy, of Langcliffe, Settle. Educated : Giggleswick School. 
Married : April 26th, 1884, to Annie Leaworthy, daughter of John Leaworthy, 
of South Moulton, Devon, and has issue one son and eight daughters : Florrie, 
Arthur, Eva, and six other daughters. Appointments : Vice-President of the 
Gorton Trades Council ; Hon. Secretary of City Council Labour Group ; 
President, Manchester Central Insurance Managers' and Officials' Fraternal 



BIOGRAPHIES in 



Association; Member of City Council (Gorton North Ward), since 1910; 
Member of the Manchester Central War Committee for Rehef of Distress ; 
Member of the Manchester Central Local Tribunal ; President of the Gorton 
and Openshaw Collections and Relief Committee. Recreation : Politics. 
Masonic Lodge: Ashton, 1140. Note: Only son (married) is engaged in London 
Military Hospital, awaiting appointment to Regiment. 

DAWE, Rev. William Purchas, Vicar of Satterthwaite. 

Satterthwaite Vicarage, Ulverston. Born : October 28th, 1840, at 
Holwell, Sherborne, Dorset ; son of John and Elizabeth Dawe. Educated : 
Victoria University. Married : At Chesterfield, to Emma Grayson, daughter 
of the late Mr. Grayson, of Sheffield, and has issue two sons and four daughters : 
Mrs. Edith Elizabeth Hanham, of Dolton Rectory, born August 8th, 1870 ; 
Emma May, born May ist, 1873 ; Arthur Purchas, Vicar of Christ Church', 
Carlisle, born February 22nd, 1875 ; Jessie Amelia, born December 3rd, 1877 ; 
Mrs. Lucy Louise Feary, born December loth, 1879 ; Harry Noel, Surgeon 
Dentist, born December 25th, 1881. Profession : Vicar of Satterthwaite. 
Appointments : Governor of Hawkshead Grammar School, and of Hawkshead 
Market House Estate. Travelled : Italy, Switzerland, France. Recreation : 
Music. Clubs : Freemason. 

DAWKINS, Professor William Boyd, M.A., D.Sc, F.R.S., F.S.A., 
F.G.S., J.P., Hon. Professor in the University of Manchester. 

Fallowfield House, Fallowfield, Manchester. Born : December 26th, 
1838, at Buttington, Welshpool ; only son of the late Rev. Richard Dawkins. 
Educated : Rossall ; Jesus College, Oxford ; Second Class Classics, First 
Class Natural Science, Oxford. Married : 1866, to Frances, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Evans, and has issue one daughter : Ella. Profession : Hon. 
Professor of Geology and Palaeontology in Victoria University, Manchester ; 
Hon. Fellow, Jesus College, Oxford ; Geologist on Geological Survey of Great 
Britain, 1861-1869 ; Curator of the Manchester Museum, 1870 ; Lecturer in 
Owens College, 1870 ; Professor, 1872 ; Consulting Geologist in questions of 
mining and civil engineering, from 1870. Appointments : M.LMin.E., 
A.Inst.C.E. Gave the Lowell Lectures at Boston, 1880. J. P. for 
Manchester. Publications: " Cave Hunting," 1874 ; " Early Man in Britain," 
1880; "British Pleistocene Mammalia," 1866-1887. Travelled: North 
America and Australia. Recreations : Fishing and gardening. Club : 
Athenaeum. 

DAWSON, Charles Frederick, Art Master. 

Municipal School of Art, Accrington ; 7, Eaton Bank, Accrington. Born : 
At Rillington, Yorks. ; eldest son of Charles Dawson, of Malton. and Sarah 
Wildon, of Welburn, Yorks. Educated : Bingley Boys' Grammar School ; 
Saltaire School of Art ; Bradford School of Art ; Manchester School of Art ; 
Fellow of the Society of Art Masters (F.S.A.M.) ; Member of North British 
Academy (N.B.A.). Married: August, 1892, at Saltaire, to Mary Elizabeth 
Bell. Profession : Head Master of Accrington Municipal School of Art, 
and Decorative Designer ; formerly Head Master at Schools of Art at Nelson 
and Bingley; also Art Master at Bingley Grammar School. Publication: 
" Elementary Design " (Chapman and Hall). Travelled: Normandv. Brittany, 
Scotland, Ireland, West and South of England. Recreation : Reading and 
outdoor sketching. Note: Exhibited at Royal Academy, Walker Art 
Gallery, etc. 



112 LANCASHIRE 



DAWSON, Rev. Colin Towers, Vicar of SS. John and Jamee* 

Church, Litherland. 

SS. John and James' Vicarage, Linacre Lane, Bootle. Born : October 
15th, 1879, at Penrhyn Villa, Ashton-on-Mersey ; son of the late James 
Naismith and Mary Dawson, of Liverpool. Educated : The London 
College of Divinity ; L.Th., Durham. Profession : Clerk in Holy Orders ; 
Vicar of SS. John and James' Church, Litherland. Recreation : 
Tennis. 

DAWSON, Edward Bousfield, J.P., LL.B., B.A. (Lond.)« Barrister- 
at-Law, and Landowner, Lord of the Manor of Aldcli£Fe. 

Aldchffe Hall, Lancaster. Born : August i6th, 1830, at Aldcliffe Hall, 
Lancaster ; third but eldest surviving son of Edward Dawson, of Aldchffe 
Hall, Lancaster, J. P., D.L. (died 1876), and Mary, elder daughter 
of Robert Bousfield, of Manor House, Walworth, London (died 1884). 
Educated : Mill Hill School ; University College, London ; B.A., 1849 ; 
LL.B., 1852 (London). Married : June 5th, 1861, at Hanover Chapel, Stock- 
port, to Mary Elizabeth (died 1894), only daughter of Cephas Howard, of 
Brinnington Hall, Stockport, Lanes., J.P. (died 1865), and Mary (died 1834), 
second daughter of William Carrington, of Cale Green, Stockport, and has 
issue two sons and four daughters: Mary Philadelphia ; Edward Howard, bcrn 
1864 (married Ren6e, second daughter of the late Edward Storey, J.P., of Cross- 
lands, Lancaster) ; Helen Margaret, born 1866 (married the Rev. Henry 
Harries, M.A., of Clapton) ; Alfred Cephas Howard, born 1867, died 1902 ; 
Lucy Evelyn, born 1872 (married S. H. Leeder,of Rusthall, Tunbridge Wells) ; 
Constance Isabel, born 1875 (married John William Hall, of Inverlune, 
Lancaster). Profession : Barrister-at-Law. Appointments : J.P. for Lan- 
caster, 1871 ; J.P. for County Palatine of Lancaster, 1875 ; Constable of 
Lancaster Castle, 1908 ; Chairman, Lancaster Board of Guardians and R.D. 
Council ; Member, Joint Committee, County Palatine, 1888 ; Chairman of 
Lancashire Congregational Union, 1877 and 1907 ; President of Lancaster 
Total Abstinence Society, from 1862 ; Hon. Secretary, British Temperance 
League, 1862-1877 ; Vice-President, Lanes, and Cheshire Band of Hope 
Union ; Vice-President, Anti-Narcotic Society ; Life Governor of Mill Hill 
School ; Governor of Archbishop Hutton's Free School, Warton ; Vice- 
Chairman, Royal Albert Institution for the Feeble Minded for the seven 
Northern Counties ; President of the Lancashire Farmers' Association, etc. 
Travelled : Europe, Syria, Palestine, Egypt. Recreations : Scientific pursuits. 
Notes : Barrister, Inner Temple, 1852 (Northern Circuit) ; Director of 
Manchester and Liverpool District Bank, also Kiveton Park Coal, Co. 
Owns about two thousand acres in Aldcliffe, Ashton-with-Stodday, 
Warton, etc. 

DEACON, Henry Wade, J.P., Alderman (Lanes. C.C.), Chairman, 
Liverpool Royal Infirmary. 

8, UUet Road, Liverpool. Born : October i8th, 1852, at Widnes ; son 
of Henry Deacon, of Widnes, Lanes., and Emma, youngest daughter of Richard 
Wade, of Uppingham. Educated : King's College, London. Appointments : 
J.P., 1887, Deputy Chairman Quarter Sessions, West Derby Hundred ; Free- 
man of the Borough of Widnes, 1912 ; Alderman, Lancashire County 
Council ; Chairman, Widnes Education Committee ; Chairman, Liverpool 
Royal Infirmary. Club : Reform, London. Notes : Is Chairman of the 
Liverpool Gas Co., and Director of London and Lancashire Fire Insurance 
Co. 



BIOGRAPHIES 113 



DEACON, Stuart, J.P., Barrister-at-Law, Stipendiary. 

9, Cook Street, Liverpool ; Gorse Cliff, Warren Drive, New Brighton, 
Cheshire. Born : 1868, at Widnes ; fifth son of Henry Deacon, J. P., of 
Widnes. Educated : Giggleswick ; Rugby ; Trinity College, Cambridge. 
Married : 1896, to Winifred Mary, the daughter of Henry Brunner, of Huyton, 
Lanes., and has issue one son and three daughters. Profession : Barrister, 
Inner Temple. Stipendiary Magistrate at Liverpool, from 1910. Appoint- 
ments : J. P. for Liverpool, 1903 ; for Cheshire, 1910 ; for Wallasey, 1915. 
Clubs : Liverpool Reform ; Liverpool Conservative ; Liverpool Athenaeum ; 
Wallasey Golf. 

DEAN, Arthur Devereux, Solicitor, Clerk to Educational Foundation. 

The " Dimes," Blundellsands. Office : 22, Lord Street, Liverpool. 
Born : December nth, 1884, at Kirkby, Lanes. ; son of Josiah and 
Ehzabeth Emily Dean, of the " Dimes," Blundellsands. Educated : 
Merchant Taylors' School, Great Crosby, Lanes. Profession : Solicitor. 
Appointments : Clerk and Solicitor to the Childwall Urban District Council ; 
Assistant Clerk and Secretary, Town Planning Committee, Great Crosby 
Urban District Council ; Clerk to the Halsall Educational Foundation ; 
Deputy Vice-Chairman, Abercromby Division. Author : "Local Government 
Law " (Butterworth) ; joint author, with R. A. Glen, of " Town Planning 
Laws and Practice " (Butterworth). Travelled : France and Spain, 1903. 
Recreation : Golf. Clubs : Conservative, Liverpool ; Golf, West Lane 
and Didsbury. Notes : Proprietor, Local Government Correspondence 
Schools. 

DEAN, Charles William, F.R.C.S. (E.)., L.R.C.P. (E.). 

Lindow Square, Lancaster ; 2, Queen Square, Lancaster. Born : 
November 5th, i860, at Lancaster ; second son of the late Frederick and 
Anne Jane Dean, of Exeter. Educated : Royal Grammar School, Lancaster ; 
St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London. Married : To Edith, elder daughter of 
the late John and Mary Elizabeth Crewe, of London, and has issue one 
daughter: Cherith Mary, born June 24th, 1900. Appointments : Hon. Surgeon, 
Royal Lancaster Infirmary ; late House Surgeon, Royal Lancaster Infirmary ; 
Surgeon to the L. and N.W.R., Lancaster ; Member of the Ophthalmological 
Society of the United Kingdom ; Medical Examiner of Recruits of Regular 
Batts., and under Lord Derby's Scheme. Travelled : North and South Africa, 
Author: Contributed several papers on surgical subjects to the medical 
journals. Club : County, Lancaster. 

DEAN, John George, J.P. 

Helmcroft Helmshore, near Manchester, Born : October 4th, 1844, at 
Haslingden ; only son of John Dean, of Syke Side, Hashngden, Lanes. Edu' 
cated: Hawthorn Hall School, Wimslow. Married: September 6th, 1866, 
to Hannah, youngest daughter of Peter Whitehead, of Holly Mount, Rawten- 
stall, and has issue one son (deceased) and one daughter. Occupation : 
Cotton Manufacturer (retired). Appointments : J.P. for Lanes., 1909. 

DEARDEN, Rev. Frederick Cawood, M.A., Vicar of Bamford, 
Rochdale. 

Long Sleddale Vicarage, Kendal, Westmorland (formerly Bamford Cottage, 
Rochdale). Born: March 24th, 1852, at Manchester; second son of John 
Dearden, of Strathallan, Douglas, Isle of Man, and Fanny Theed, fifth daughter 
of Cawood Robinson, of Fulney, Spalding, Lines. Educated : King William's 
College, Isle of Man ; University CoUege, Durham ; L.Th., 1882 ; B.A., 18S4 ; 

H 



114 LANCASHIRE 



M.A., 1887. Married : Twice— (i) October 2nd, 1889, at St. Mary's Church. 
Eccles, Lanes., to Florence Nightingale, fifth daughter of Richard Roe, 
M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., of Eccles, and Margaret Hodgson, eldest daughter of 
Joseph Hodgson, of Manchester, and has issue one son and two daughters : 
Fanny Cawood, born December i6th, 1892 ; Charles Frederick, born May 
29th, 1895 (deceased) ; Mona Winifred, born March 22nd, 1897. (2) April 
22nd, 1903, at St. Luke's Church, Heywood, to Marian Hamilton, eldest 
daughter of James Spens Torrop, M.D., of Sandon House, Heywood, and 
Annie Louisa, eldest daughter of Giles Pilkington, of Crawshawbooth, 
Lanes., and has issue two daughters : Guendolen Spens, born April i6th, 
1904 ; Margaret Hamilton, born August 30th, 1905. Appointments : Deacon, 
1883 ; Priest (ordained by Bishop of Manchester), 1884 ; Curate of St. 
Alban's, Rochdale, 1883-1886 ; Eccles Parish Church, 1886-1892 ; Vicar of 
Bamford, Rochdale, 1892-1914; Vicar of Long Sleddale, Kendal, West- 
morland. Recreations : Football, rowing, lawn tennis, cycling. Clubs : Arts, 
Manchester ; Old Rectory, Manchester ; Rochdale Golf ; Westmorland 
County. 

DELEPINE, Professor A. Sheridan, M.B., CM., M.Sc, Professor 
of Public Health and Bacteriology. 

PubHc Health Laboratory, York Place, Manchester ; 15, Well Walk, 
Hampstead, London, N.W. 'Phone : 8 Rusholme. Telegrams : Laboratory, 
Manchester. Born : January ist, 1855 ; son of Antoine Del^pine, of Paris, 
and Henriette Mennet, Canton de Vaud, Switzerland. Educated : College 
Charlemagne, Paris ; Academie Lausanne ; Universite de Geneve ; Edinburgh 
University. First Class Honours ; M.B., CM., B.Sc. Married : 1884, to 
Florence, daughter of Frederick Rose, of London, and has issue one son and 
one daughter. Appointments : Lecturer in Physiology and Pathology, St. 
George's Hospital Medical School, London, 1884-1891 ; Professor of 
Pathology, 1891-1904 ; Professor of Pubhc Health and Bacteriology, Univer- 
sity of Manchester ; Director of Public Health Laboratories, University of 
Manchester, since 1901 ; Hon. Fellow, Incorporated Society of Medical Ofl&cers 
of Health. Publications : Contributions to Anatomy, Physiology, and 
Pathology in the Journal of Anatomy and Physiology, Journal of Physiology, 
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Transactions of the Pathological Society, London, 
Practitioner, British Medical Journal, Lancet, Medical Chronicle, Journal of 
Comparative Pathology and Therapeutics, Journal of State Medicine, Public 
Health Journal of Hygiene, " Encyclopaedia Medica," " Quain's Dictionary." 
Club : The Authors'. 

DELVES, Councillor Samuel. 

29, Edmund Street, Seedley, Pendleton, Manchester. Born : July i8th, 
1850, at Norwich, Norfolk ; son of Joseph and Elizabeth Delves. Educated : 
Boys' Model School, and Private Schools, Norwich, Married : Twice — 
(i) October7th, 1872, to Mary Ann (died 1908), only daughter of DavidandSusan 
Sheldrake, of Norwich, and has issue ten sons and two daughters : Samuel 
Henry, John Thomas, James Arthur, Minnie, Joseph Alfred and Walter 
Edward (twins, and both on Active Service), Frederick Ernest, William Ewart, 
Thomas Arrowsmith, George Harold, Eva, and Herbert Percival (seven sons 
and one daughter now living). (2) December 5th, 1912, to EUzabeth Jane 
Branthwaite, daughter of Joseph and Jane Branthwaite, of Lamplugh, Cum- 
berland. Occupation : Printer and Compositor. Appointments : Councillor 
of Salford Town Council (Seedley Ward), November 2nd, 1908. Recreation : 
Cricket, but now past by age. Club : Ancient Order of Foresters. Been an 
active member of Manchester Typographical Society and Association, having 



BIOGRAPHIES 115 



been for six years President of former, besides Auditor and on Committee, 
and member of Executive Council for some years of latter body. Is a member 
of the Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes, Regent Lodge, No. 529. Note : 
Before going to Salford, on March 22nd, 1871, was in the ist Cora., ist Norfolk 
Volunteer Corps. Was engaged in Recruiting Campaign. 

DENT, William Dent, J.P., M.A. (Cantab.), M.I.C.E. 

5, Green Heys Road, Liverpool. Born : March 13th, 1832, at Mattersey, 
Notts. ; third son of the late Joseph Dent, of Ribston Hall, Yorks. Educated : 
Harrow ; Trinity College, Cambridge ; M.A. Married : Twice — (i) November 
26th> 1861, at Agra, India, to Mary Perry Hill, daughter of the late Capt. 
Hill, and has issue one son and one daughter : Harry, born December 19th, 
1863 ; Agnes, born October 26th, 1865. (2) October 26th, 1880, at Win- 
chester, to Georgiana Mary Mason, of Winchester, daughter of the late Capt. 
Mason, R.N. Travelled : South America and India. Notes : After leaving 
Cambridge University in 1854 he became a pupil of the late James Meadows 
Rendel, Great George Street, Westminster. After a time, was sent to Wisbech, 
where the work of improving the River Nene up to Peterborough was in hand ; 
remained there over two years. In 1857, went as an assistant-engineer on 
the Recife and Sao Francisco Railway, Brazil, and completed a two years' 
engagement. On returning to England, he obtained a Government appoint- 
ment in the N.W. Province of India, to make surveys, etc., in Rohilcund, and 
was stationed at Moradabad and Bareilly, remaining there three years. On 
returning home, was made a member of the Institute of Civil Engineers. In 
1863 he entered the firm of Geo. Forrester and Co., Vauxhall Foundry, Liver- 
pool, and remained there some thirty years until the business was closed, 
since which time he has been engaged on Elementary Education and pubhc 
work. Appointed a J. P. for County Lanes, and Borough of Bootle in 1887, 
and is now on the retired list on account of age. 

DERBY, Earl of, Sir Edward George Villiers Stanley, Bart. (1627), 
Seventeenth Earl of Derby (1485, Eng.), Baron Stanley of 
Bickerstaffe (1832), Baron Stanley of Preston (1886), Hon. 
LL.D. Liverpool University, Kt. of Grace, Order of St. John of 
Jerusalem (1915). 

Derby House, Stratford Place, London, W. ; Coworth Park, Sunningdale ; 
Knowsley Hall, Prescott, Lanes, Born : April 4th, 1865, in London ; eldest son 
of the sbcteenth Earl, K.G., P.C, G.C.B., G.C.V.O. (died 1908) ; and Lady 
Constance Villiers, eldest daughter of the fourth Earl of Clarendon, K.G. 
Educated : WelHngton College. Married : 1889 to Lady Alice Montagu (born 
1862) (Bedchamber Woman to Queen Alexandra, 1901-1908, and Extra Lady 
of the Bedchamber from 1901 ; Lady of Grace, Order of St. John of Jerusalem), 
youngest daughter of the seventh Duke of Manchester, and has issue two 
sons and one daughter (heir : Lord Edward Montagu Cavendish Stanley, born 
July 9th, 1894; educated at Eton). Career: Lieut., Grenadier Guards. 
1885-1895 ; A.D.C. to (his father) the Governor-General of Canada, 18S9-1891 ; 
Chief Secretary to F. M. Lord Roberts in South Africa, 1899-1901 (despatches 
twice) ; Chief Press Censor, South Africa, 1900 ; Lieut., Reserve of Officers, 
1899-1911 ; Hon. Col., 4th Batt., 1909 ; 5th Batt., L.N. Lanes. Regt., from 
1899 ; 4th Batt., Manchester Regt., from 1902 ; 5th Batt.. Liverpool Regt., 
from 1908, and of W. Lanes. Divisional and Supply Column, A.S.C., from 
1908 ; Chairman, Lanes. T.F. Association, from 190S ; Hon. Commander, 
R.N.V.R., from 1911 ; Director of Recruiting, 1915 ; one of the Lords of the 
Treasury, 1895-1900 ; Financial Secretary to the War Office, 1900-1903 ; 



116 LANCASHIRE 



Postmaster General, 1903-1905 ; Under Secretary of State for War ; Vice- 
President, Army Council ; Family Trustee, British Museum ; Chancellor of 
Liverpool University, from 1908 ; M.P. (C), S.E. Lanes. (Westhoughton 
Division), 1892-1906 ; Lord Mayor of Liverpool, 1911-1912 ; D.L., J. P., 
Lanes ; Secretary of State for War, 1916 ; Recreations : Racing, shooting. 
Clubs : Carlton, Guards, Turf, Marlborough. 

DESOUESNES, Alderman Ernest, LL.B., Solicitor, ex-Mayor of 
Salford. 

Hopeleigh, Fairhope Avenue, Pendleton, Manchester. Office : 9, Bexley 
Square, Salford. Born : In London, of Huguenot descent ; son of the late 
Benoit Desquesnes, a prominent French politician, who shared the exile of 
Victor Hugo and others, on Napoleon HL effecting his coup d'etat in 1852, 
and settled in England. Educated : Victoria University, Manchester ; Paris 
University ; Graduate of both. Married : 1887, to Janie, daughter of the 
late Richard Tottie, of Brooklands, Cheshire, and has issue one son and one 
daughter : Arnold, who is Capt. in the 8th Lanes. Fusiliers (on service) ; 
Nanette (married to Aldo Jung, Lieut, in the Bersagheri, fighting on the Itahan 
front, son of the late Cavaliere Jung and the Donna Jung, of Palermo); 
daughter is engaged in Red Cross work in Sicily. Profession : Solicitor. 
Appointments : Alderman of Salford ; Mayor, 1913-1914 ; ex-President of 
Liberal Association, and a former Member of Executive of National Reform 
Union. Was Mayor at outbreak of war, and took active part in organising 
Relief, Parliamentary Recruiting, and other Committees. Appointed on 
behalf of War Office their Mihtary Representative, under the Derby Scheme 
and the Military Service Act. For several years and still Chairman of the 
Statutory Distress Committee. Club : Reform, Manchester. Note : Mrs. 
Desquesnes is President of the Salford Ladies' War Committee, and is 
actively associated with the social movements and public life of the Man- 
chester District. 

DE TRAFFORD, Sigismund Cathcart, Lord of the Manor of Croston. 

Croston Hall, Preston. Born : 1853, at Croston ; eldest son of 
J. Randolphus De Trafford, J.P. (died 1879), and the daughter of the second Earl 
Cathcart. Married : 1879, to Clementina Frances, fourth daughter of Sir 
Pyers Mostyn, 8th Baronet, and has issue two sons and two daughters : 
Ermyntrude Frances ; Elfrida Adelaide (married the Lord Edward Seymour) ; 
Geoffrey Edmond and Reginald Francis, twins (the latter, Reginsild F. De 
Trafford, Lieut., 3rd K.O. Lanes. Regt., died of wounds, in France, May 9th, 
1915). Appointments : J.P. for Lanes. Club : Arthur's. Notes : Lord of 
the Manor of Croston. Late Lieut., 14th Foot. 

DEWHURST, Gerard Powys, International Football Player, Merchant, 
Bank and Railway Director, etc. 

Bodidris, Llandegla, North Wales ; Delamere Lodge, Delamere, Cheshire. 
Born : February 14th, 1872 ; third son of George Dewhurst, of Onghetrington 
Park, Lymm. Educated : Repton and Cambridge. Married : April, 1897, 
to Mary Brongham, youngest daughter of James Rigg Brougham, of Carshal- 
ton, Surrey, and has issue two sons : John Powj's, born August 23rd, 1901 ; 
Hugh Littleton, born April 28th, 1909. Occupation : Merchant ; Director, 
Messrs. G. and R. Dewhurst, Ltd., London, Manchester, and Preston ; Deputy- 
Chairman, Williams Deacons Bank, Ltd. ; Director, Great Central Railway ; 
Director, London Assurance. Travelled : Central America and South Africa. 
Recreations : Hunting, shooting, cricket. Clubs : Orleans, Wellington, Bath. 
Notes : Is a Capt. in Cheshire Yeomanry. International Association Football 
player. 



BIOGRAPHIES 117 



DEWICK, Rev. Edward Chisholm, M.A., Vice- Principal, St. Aidan's 
College. 

St. Aidan's, Birkenhead. Son of the Rev. Edward Samuel and 
EmQy Dewick, Educated : M.A., Cambridge, 1906 ; Jeremie Prize, 1907 ; 
Hulsean Prize, 1908. Profession : Vice-Principal, St. Aidan's College, Birken- 
head ; Teacher in Ecclesiastical History, Liverpool University ; Vice-President, 
International Society of the Apocrypha. Publications : " Primitive Christian 
Eschatology," 1912 ; " Eschatology " in Hastings' " Dictionary of the Apos- 
tolic Church," 1916. 

DIBDIN, Lieut. Charles Edward Reeves. 

64, Huskisson Street, Liverpool. April 4th, 1889 ; son of Edward 
Rimbault and Charlotte Elizabeth Dibdin, daughter of T. W. Blott, of Stam- 
ord, descendant of Charles Dibdin, writer of sea songs, and one of twelve 
descendants who are at present on active service for their King and country, 
and who, prior to war, were civilians. Married : March nth, 1916, to Ina 
Marguerite, daughter of J. Hamilton Gibson, of Wallasey. Note : Is a Lieut. 
in the Lanes, and Cheshire Royal Garrison Artillery. 

DIBDIN, Edward Rimbault, Curator, Liverpool Corporation Art 
Gallery. 

64, Huskisson Street, Liverpool. 'Phone : 4304 Royal. Office : Walker 
Art Gallery, Liverpool. 'Phone : 1429 Royal. Telegrams : " Pictures." 
Born : August 25th, 1853, at Edinburgh ; son of Henry Edward Dibdin, and 
Isabella Perkins Palmer, great-grandson of Charles Dibdin, writer of sea songs. 
Educated : Edinburgh Institution. Married : Thrice — (r) August 3rd, 1878, 
to Annie Sprunt, daughter of James Sprunt, of Perth (died 1879), and had 
issue one daughter: Annie (died 1898). (2) June 30th, 1883, to Charlotte 
Elizabeth, daughter of T. W. Blott, of Stamford (died January 20th, 1908), 
and has issue two sons and two daughters : Charles Edward Reeves, born 
April 4th, 1889 ; Thomas James Rimbault, born January i8th, 1895 ; 
Charlotte Isabel Vere (married to T. W. Blott) ; Mary Rosalind (married to 
H. 0. Westrup, of Vancouver, B.C.). (3) September 14th, 1912, to Sara 
Beatrice Guthrie, younger daughter of William Guthrie, LL.D., Advocate, 
Sheriff of Lanarkshire, and has issue one son : Henry George Guthrie, born 
October loth, 1915. Occupation : Curator of the Corporation Art Gallery, 
Liverpool. Appointments : President of the Museums Association ; Member 
of the Council of Imperial Arts League ; Art Director in Britain of Canadian 
National Exhibition of Toronto ; President of Liverpool Artists' Club, 1895- 
1896 ; President of Liverpool Amateur Photographic Association, 1902 ; 
Hon. Member, Liverpool Academy of Arts. Publications : " Pictor Depictus." 
1876 ; " Notes on the Pictures " 1896-1900 ; " Bibliography of Charles 
Dibdin," 1900 ; " The Magic Carpet," 1903 ; " The Art of Frank Dicksee, 
R.A.," 1905 ; " Liverpool Art and Artists in the Eighteenth Century," 1916 ; 
numerous pamphlets and sheet songs. Edited " V^ocal Melodies of Scotland," 
1880. Recreations : Music, painting, study of artistic, theatrical, and musical 
antiquities. Clubs : University ; Artists', Liverpool. 

DICK, John Staveley, Hon. Clinical Pathologist, Company Director, 
International Footballer. 

York Place, Harpurhey, and 25, St. Ann's Street. Manchester. Son 
of the late Rev. Thomas Dick, grandson of the late Rev. Professor Dick, of 
Belfast. Appointments : Hon. Clinical Pathologist, Manchester Northern 
Hospital and Manchester Skin Hospital ; Member of Msmchester Insurance 



ii8 LANCASHIRE 



Committee ; Representative, North Division, B.M.A. ; Director of Rochdale 
Brick Co., Ltd. Publications: Various scientific papers on medical subjects. 
Note : Played for Ireland in Rugby International matches, 1887, against 
England, Scotland, and Wales. 

DICKINSON, Capt. George Fryer, M.A., LL.B., Barrister- at-Law. 

2, Sunnyside, Princes Park, Liverpool. Chambers : 25, Lord Street, Liverpool. 
'Phone : Royal 455 ; Bank 3990 Liverpool. Born : July 26th, 1886, at Liver- 
pool ; eldest son of George and Florence Mary Dickinson, of 2, Sunnyside, 
Princes Park, Liverpool. Educated : Rugby ; Cambridge ; Inner Temple 
Honours LL.B. and M.A. Married : September 9th, 1915, to Helen Mary 
Livingston, only daughter of Charles and Ethel Livingston, of Merryflats, 
Oxton, Cheshire. Profession : Barrister-at-Law. Appointment : Hon. 
Treasurer, Florence Institute for Boys, Mill Street, Liverpool. Recreations: 
Game shooting and yachting. Clubs : Playgoers, London ; Royal 
Mersey Yacht. Career: Captain in the loth Batt., King's (Liverpool) 
Regt. (Liverpool Scottish), (T.F.). Enhsted as a private in October, 1908. 
Took his commission in June of the following year (1909), and, after attending 
every year's annual camp, was called up when the battalion was mobihsed 
in August, 1914. Was in the firing hne at Ypres, St. Eloi, and Kemmel, 
till wounded in the right elbow by shrapnel, during a British attack at Hooge, 
near Ypres, on June i6th ; since then home, wounded, on sick leave. 

DICKINSON, Harold, M.I.C.E., M.I.E.E., M.I.M.E., City Electrical 
Engineer. 

Greenwood, Victoria Park, Wavertree, Liverpool. 'Phone : 241 Waver- 
tree (Liverpool). Office : Hatton Garden, Liverpool. 'Phone ; 1338 Central. 
Telegrams : Dynamo. Born : 1867, at Wolverhampton ; son of Samuel and 
Susan Barbara Dickinson. Educated : Tettenhall College, Wolverhampton ; 
Mason's College, Birmingham ; M.I.C.E., M.I.E.E., M.I.M.E. Occupation : 
City Electrical Engineer, Liverpool, from 1912 ; Engineer and Manager of 
the Leeds Electric Supply Undertaking, from 1898-1912. 

DICKINSON, Matthew Jackson Allason, Solicitor and Landowner. 

Kirkby-in-Furness ; MiUom, Cumberland. Born : August 31st, 1848, 
at Oak Bank, Ulpha, Cumberland ; son of Henry and Anna Dickinson, of 
Lane House, Kirkby-in-Furness. Educated : Privately, at Startforth Rectory, 
Yorkshire. Married : June 20th, 1891, to Elizabeth, elder daughter of the 
late WiUiam Newton, of North Mead, Birkenhead, and has issue two sons and 
one daughter : Rena May Allason, Henry Allason, Charles Cuthbert. Pro- 
fession : Solicitor. Recreations : Shooting and golf. Note : Owns over 
500 acres at Dunnerdale and Seathwaite, Lanes., and Ulpha, Cumberland. 

DICKSON, Arthur Hubert, Solicitor. 

Kirkham, Lanes. Born : January 25th, 1885, at Kirkham, Lanes. ; 
younger son of William Joseph Dickson, of Oakfield, Kirkham, Lanes., and 
Isobella, elder daughter of Edward Swainson, of Kirkham. Educated : 
Shrewsbury. Married : January 7th, 1913, at Lund, to Elaine Marion, 
elder daughter of Thurlow Classed, of Reading, and Monica, daughter of 
William Dorrien, of Wexford. Profession : Solicitor. Travelled : In Western 
Europe. Club : Winckley, Preston. (Now deceased.) 

DICKSON, Richard Cecil, Solicitor. 

Kirkham. Born : August 21st, 1873, at Kirkham, Lanes. ; second son 
of William Joseph Dickson, of Oakfield, Kirkham, and Isobella, elder daughter 
of Edward Swainson, of Kirkham. Educated : Haileybury. Married : 



BIOGRAPHIES 119 



January i6th, 1906, at St. Annes-on-Sea, to Constance Mary Elizabeth, 
second daughter of Walter Palmer Fullagar, of St. Annes-on-Sea, Lanes., 
and Catherine, daughter of John Swainson, of Liverpool. Profession : 
Solicitor. Recreation : Golf. 

DIXON, Professor Harold Baily, M.A., M.S.C., F.R.S. 

Beechey House, Wilbraham Road, Fallowfield ('Phone : 373 Rusholrae). 
Born : 1852, in London ; second son of the late W, Hepworth Dixon, F.S.A., 
Editor of the AthcncBum. Educated : Westminster School and Christ Church, 
Oxford. Formerly Fellow and Tutor of Balliol College, Oxford, and Millard 
Lecturer of Trinity College, Oxford. Professor of Chemistry in the University 
of Manchester. Married : 1885, to Olive Beechey, daughter of the late 
Ed. Martin Hopkins, of Montreal, and has issue one son and one daughter : 
Gerald Conroy (Capt., R.A.M.C.) ; Phyllis Evelyn (V.A.D.). Appointments : 
Late President of Chemical Society, London, and of the Manchester Literary 
and Philosophical Society ; Vice-Chairman of Salford Higher Education 
Committee ; Governor of Lytham Charities and King Edward VII. Grammar 
School, and Manchester High School for Girls ; Chairman of the Royal 
Technical Institute, Salford. In 1915, appointed Deputy Inspector of High 
Explosives under the Ministry of Munitions (in charge of the Manchester area). 
Recreations : Played in the Oxford Association Football XL, 1871-1873 ; 
Member of Alpine Club ; First President of the Rucksack Club, Manchester ; 
President of the Manchester University Athletic Union. 

DIXON, John Picken, J. P., Company Director. 

The Mount, Great Marton, near Blackpool. 'Phone : 26 Blackpool. 
Born : 1851, at Manchester ; eldest son of John Dixon, of Manchester, and 
Elizabeth Grace Dixon. Educated : Arnold House School, near Broughton ; 
Bramham College, Yorkshire. Married : 1875, to Alice Mary, only daughter 
of Thomas Rothwell, of Pernambuco, Brazil, and has issue four sons and two 
daughters : Alice Grace (married to Major Gordon W. FitzGerald, R.A.M.C, 
T.F.) ; John RothweU ; Frederick Alfred (Lieut. -Col., 150th Brigade, R.F.A., 
C.P.) ; WiUiam Baynes ; Florence Edith (married to Capt. W. A. Smith) ; 
Edward Bates. Occupation : Chairman of Directors, John Baynes, Ltd., 
Cotton Spinners and Manufacturers, Blackburn. Appointments : J. P. for 
Blackpool, 1908 ; for Lanes., 1912 ; Chairman of Central Fund, Lanes. Military 
Convalescent Hospital, South Shore, Blackpool. Travelled : France, Spain, 
Portugal, Russia, Germany, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark. Recrea' 
tions : Motoring and rose-growing. Clubs : Constitutional. Masonic Lodges : 
2758 Fylde, 3711 Fleetwood, 3373 Liverpool Castle, 2229 Latham ; P.P.G.S.W., 
West Lanes. Note : Owns land at Marton. 

DIXON, Alderman SamueL 

New Street, Miles Platting, and Moston HaU, Moston. Born : July 30th, 
1853, at Hulme Hall Lane, Miles Platting. Occupation : Wheelwright. Ap- 
pointments : Chairman of the Cleansing Committee ; J. P. since December, 1905. 

DOBREE, Rev. Edward Bonamy, M.A., L.Th. (Dur.), Curate 
of Prescot, Chaplain Wharton Institution. 

Parkside, Prescot. Born : At West Tilbury, Essex ; son of the Rev. 
James Bonamy and Mrs. Dobree, of West Tilbury. Educated : M.A. ; 
L.Th., Durham; Ridley Hall, Cambridge. Married: Mabel Moxon, of 
St. Helens, Lanes. Travelled : British Isles and Norway, Note : Of 
Huguenot descent. 



120 LANCASHIRE 



DOBSON, John George, Cotton Merchant and Insurance Company 
Director. 

" Glenmay," 23. Beresford Road, Birkenhead. 'Phone : 859 Birkenhead. 
Born : March 7th, i860, at Birkenhead ; eldest son of the late Thomas Dobson, 
of Liverpool. Educated : Birkenhead. Married : April 17th, 1884, to Mary, 
second daughter of the late Edward Cole Wheeler, of Liverpool, and has 
issue two sons and one daughter : Reginald Wheeler Dobson, Gerald Wheeler 
Dobson, Mary Wheeler Dobson. Occupation : Cotton Merchant ; Insurance 
Company Director. Recreation : Motoring. Clttbs : Old Hall ; Wirral 
Ladies' Golf. Career : Served apprenticeship with the late firm of 
T. and H. Littledale and Co., Cotton and General Brokers, of Liverpool, and 
is now a partner in the firm of Frederic Zerega and Co., Cotton Merchants, 
Exchange Buildings, Liverpool. Has been a Director of the Liverpool Cotton 
Association, Ltd., for many years, and was Vice-President of the Cotton 
Association in 1909-1910, and President in 1910-1911. Is now a Director 
of the Liverpool Warehousing Co., Ltd., and State Assurance Co., Ltd., Liver- 
pool ; Reinhart and Co., Ltd., Alexandria; and Societe d' Importation et de 
Commission, Havre. 

DOCKRAY. Kenneth Titus Smalley, M.A., Solicitor. 

Weston Villa, the Firs, Bowdon, Cheshire ; 30, Cross Street, Manchester. 
Born : 1875, at Manchester; son of William and Hannah Dockray, of Whalley 
Grange, Manchester; and Bowdon, Cheshire. Educated: Manchester Grammar 
School ; Owens College, Victoria University, Manchester, B.A., 1895 ; Trinity 
College, Cambridge, Moral Sciences Tripos, Part I., Class I., 1897 ; Part II., 
Class I., 1898 ; B.A., 1898 ; M.A., 1901. Profession : Solicitor. Appoint- 
ments : President of the Manchester Working Men's Clubs Association ; 
Member (representing Convocation) on the Advisory Committee on Legal 
Education, Manchester University ; of the Committee of the Royal School 
for the Deaf and Dumb, Old Trafford ; of the Central Board of the Manchester 
City League of Help ; of the Hulme Dispensary, of Manchester Central Uni- 
versity Settlement, Travelled : France, Germany, and various parts of United 
Kingdom. Recreations : Cricket and walking. Club : Reform, Manchester. 

DONALD, Archibald, M.A., M.D., M.Ch., Consulting Surgeon. 

Sunnyside, Victoria Park ; 2, St. Peter's Square, Manchester. Born : 
i860, at Edinburgh ; son of John Donald and Mary Smart, of Edinburgh. 
Educated : Craigmount School ; Edinburgh University ; M.A. ; M.D. ; 
M.Ch. Married: To Maude Helen, daughter of R. B. Wilkinson, of 
Manchester, and has issue four sons and two daughters : Mary, born 1892 ; 
Alan, 1894 (killed in action, 1915) ; Margaret, 1900 ; Archibald, 1902 ; John, 
1903 ; Richard, 1904. Profession : Consulting Surgeon. Appointments : 
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Manchester; 
Surgeon for Diseases of Women to Manchester Royal Infirmary, and St. 
Mary's Hospital, Manchester ; Consulting Physician to the Cancer Hospital, 
Manchester. Publications : " Introduction to Midwifery," and numerous 
contributions to medical periodicals. Travelled : France, Germany, Austria, 
Italy. Recreations : Walking, golf, photography. Club : Union, Manchester. 

DONNELLY, Thomas, J.P., Town CouncUlor. 

Fairfield, 262, Hornby Road, Blackpool. Born : January 29th, 1846, in 
Ireland ; son of William Donnelly, Farmer. Educated : Boston, U.S.A. 
Married : At Blackpool, to Josephine Denholm, daughter of George Denholm, 
Engineer, of Blackpool, and has issue three sons. Appointments : J. P. for 
Blackpool, 1898 ; Member of Blackpool Town Council, 191 1. Travelled : 
America, France, Italy. Club : Liberal. Note : Property owner in Blackpool. 



BIOGRAPHIES 121 



DONNER, Sir Edward, first Bart. (1907), LL.D. (Hon.), Manchester. 

Oak Mount, Fallowfield, Manchester. Born : 1840 ; son of the late 
Edward Sedgfield Donner, of Scarborough. Ed-icated : Scholar of C.C.C., 
Oxford ; First Class Classical Mods. Married : 1866, to Anna Maria, eldest 
daughter of William Alex. Cunningham, of Manchester. Occupation : Mer- 
chant (Chamberlin, Donner and Co.). Appointments : Chairman of Manchester 
and Liverpool District Banking Co., Ltd.; Governor of Victoria University, 
Manchester, of Manchester Grammar School and Manchester High School 
for Girls, and of Hulme's Charity. 



DORRITY, Rev. David, B.D., Rector, Local President of Society for 
Abolition of Capital Punishment. 

62, Piatt Lane, Rusholme, Manchester. 'Phone : Rusholme 205. Born : 
i860 ; son of James and Susan Dorrity. Educated : DubUn University ; 
B.D. Married : August 20th, 1891, to Mabel Rosa, youngest daughter of 
Henry Raine and Elizabeth Marriott, of Whalley Range, Manchester, and 
has issue one daughter : Barbara Raine. Profession : Rector of St. Ann's. 
Manchester, since 1895. Appointment: First President, Manchester Branch 
of the Society for the Abolition of Capital Punishment. Recreations : 
Fishing, golf, chess. Clubs : Junior Conservative ; Old Rectory, Manchester. 



DOUGAL, Daniel, M.D. 

St. Mary's Hospital, Manchester. Born : 1884, at Strathaven, Lanark- 
shire ; son of James Dougal, M.D., late of Blackburn. Educated : Man- 
chester Grammar School; University of Manchester; M.D. (Gold Medal). 
Publications : Various articles on obstetrical subjects. Travelled : To Far 
East as Surgeon, Ocean Steamship Co. Recreation : Bridge. Note : 2nd 
Lieut., Manchester University Officers' Training Corps (T.F.). 

DOWDALL, Harold Chaloner, M.A., B.C.L., of the Inner Temple 
and Northern Circuit, Chancellor of the Diocese of Liverpool. 

21, Devonshire Place, Birkenhead ; 'Phone : 2000 Birkenhead. Also 25. 
Lord Street, Liverpool ; 'Phone : 3602 Bank. Born : 1868 ; youngest son 
of the late Thomas Dowdall, of Liverpool. Educaied : Rugby (modern side), 
1887 (Head of School) ; and at Trinity College, Oxford ; Millard Scholarship ; 
Honours in Science and Law; Rowed in trial eights. Married : 1897, to Hon. 
Mary Frances Harriet, youngest daughter of sixteenth Lord Borthvvick, and 
has issue one son and three daughters : James, Ursula, Ariana. Judith. Pro- 
fession : Barrister-at-Law and Parliamentary Draftsman. Appointments: 
Lecturer on International Law, 1900 ; Constitutional Law, 1903 ; Civic Law, 
1909 ; in the University of Liverpool and in Legal Procedure, Evidence and 
Criminal Law, 1907, in the University of Manchester. Entered Liverpool 
City Council, 1899. Vice-Chairman of ParUamentary Committee, 1909 ; 
Lord Mayor of Liverpool, 1908-1909 ; Chairman of Liverpool Council of 
Voluntary Aid ; Chairman of East Toxteth Conservative Association since 
1904 ; and Vice-Chairman since 191 1 of Commercial Law Committee of 
Liverpool Chamber of Commerce ; Convener and Draftsman for International 
Committee on the Law of General Average ; Chancellor of the Diocese of 
Liverpool since 1913 ; Vice-President of Liverpool Constitutional Association. 
Publications : Articles in Lait Quarterly Revirw, Toun Planning Review, 
and Economic Reviexr. Recreations : Shooting, rowing, golf. Clubs : St. 
James', Leander, Liverpool Conservative, Royal Liverpool Golf. 



122 LANCASHIRE 



DOWNHAM, Rev. Frederick Linstead, Vicar of St. Simon and 
St. Jude's, Anfield. 

Home Lea, Oakfield, Liverpool. Born : March 5th, 1857, at Beckenharn, 
Kent ; son of the late Francis and Hannah Downham, of Beckenharn, Kent. 
Educated : Private School, Beckenharn ; King's College, London ; Associate 
of King's College, London, 1879. Married : February 12th, 1884, at 
Liverpool, to Mary Fox, only daughter of the late Robert Raimes 
Jackson, Drug Merchant, of Liverpool, and has issue four sons and 
six daughters : Irene Mary, born 1884 (deceased) ; Evelyn Linstead, 
born 1888 ; Kathleen, born 1889 ; Frederic Robert Linstead, born 1892 ; 
Kenneth Douglas, born 1894 ; Violet Enid, born 1896 ; Francis Cyril Yorke, 
born 1899 ; Arthur John, born 1900 ; OUve Stephanie Marguerite, bom 1902 ; 
Florence Elaine Dorothy, born 1905. Appointment: Vicar of St. Simon and 
St. Jude's, Anfield. Author: Of poems and hymns (two volumes). Travelled: 
France. Recreation : Croquet. Club : Athenaeum, Liverpool. Notes : In- 
strumental (with others) in the erection of Parish Church of St. Simon and 
St. Jude, Anfield, Liverpool ; sometime Vice-Chairman of Walton School 
Board ; Hon. Secretary, since 1896, of Walton Rural Deanery ; Joint Hon. 
Secretary of Liverpool Diocesan Church of England Temperance Society 
since 1906 ; Curate of Emmanuel Church, Everton, 1880-1883 ; Chairman of 
the Ladies' Committee of the Liverpool Diocesan C.E.T.S. Women's Union 
and Home (appointed in 1915) ; a Representative of the Inns of Court Ofl&cers' 
Training Corps (appointed in 191 5) ; Member of the Council of the Literary 
and Philosophical Society of Liverpool (appointed in 1914) ; Fellow of the 
Philosophical Society of England, 1915. Has two sons serving in the British 
Army, the eldest son, Frederic Robert Linstead, 2nd Lieut., Army Service 
Corps ; second son, Kenneth Douglas, in the R.A.M.C. 

DREW, Alexander. 

Holme Lodge, Burnley, Lanes. Born : 1847, in Scotland. Appoint- 
ment : J. P., County of Lancaster. Clubs : Union of Manchester ; Carlton, 
London. 

DREYFUS, Charles, J. P., Ph.D. 

Claremont, Fallowfield. Born : 1848, in Alsace (parents French). Edu- 
cated : Mulhouse, Universities of Strasburg and Paris. Appointments : 
Served nine years in Manchester City Council ; President, East Manchester 
Conservative Association ; President, Manchester Victoria Memorial Jewish 
Hospital. Engaged on munition work. Publication : Author of " Sizing and 
Mildew in Cotton Goods." Clubs : Constitutional, London, and Manchester. 

DRIFFIELD, Edward Bowles, Solicitor and Notary Public. 

" Gosberton," Carr's Crescent, Formby. Of&ce : 20, Castle Street, 
Liverpool. Born : April 30th, 1880, at Birkenhead ; only son of Edward 
Townshend Driffield, of Formby, Lanes., and Ella Downing, youngest daughter 
of the late Edward Bowles Fripp, of Southport. Educated : Shrewsbury 
School. Married: April 20th, 1910, to Isabel Barbara Everard, eldest 
daughter of Frederick Cecil Calthrop, of Freshfield, and Amy, third daughter 
of Robert Sumner, of Liverpool, and has issue : Dorothy Bowles, born August 
lOth, 1911 ; Elizabeth Everard, born December 7th, 1913 ; Edward Richard 
Calthrop, born May 29th, 1916. Profession : Solicitor and Notary Pubhc. 
Publication : " History of the Driffield Family," 1904. Travelled : France, 
Belgium, Holland, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy. Note : Member of 
the firm of ColHns, Robinson, Driffield, Clayton, and Stewart-Brown, 
Solicitors ; Notary Public. (London Agents : Pritchard and Sons, Billiter 
Avenue, E.C.). 



BIOGRAPHIES 123 



DUBOURG, John Robert Henry, L.R.C.Pm L.R.C.S. 

120, Islington, Liverpool. Born: January 24th, 1861, at Elgin; son 
of Augustus Jules Dubourg (deceased), French Master, Liverpool College, 
and High School, Edinburgh, and Mary Ann Dubourg, daughter of Robert 
Osborne, Attorney, of London. Educated : Liverpool College ; Edinburgh 
High School ; Medical School, Edinburgh ; College of Surgeons ; Minto House. 
Married : April 27th, 1895, at St. Mary's Church of The Bhnd, Liverpool, 
to Rose Ellen, daughter of William A. Hutchings, of Exmouth and 
Liverpool, and has issue one daughter : Gladys Osborne, born April ist, 
1896. Appointments : " Panel Servitude." Travelled : France, Germany, 
South America. Recreations : Yachting, golf, photography, cycling, etc. 
Clubs : Junior Reform, Liverpool ; Liverpool Yacht ; West Derby Golf. 

DUCKWORTH, Alfred, J. P., Physician and Surgeon. 

Beech House, Croston, Lanes. 'Phone : 5 Croston. Born : July 28th, 
1863, at Ramsbottom, Lanes. ; son of the late Alderman Duckworth, Accring- 
ton, and W. Lytham. Educated : Owens College, Victoria University. 
Profession : Physician and Surgeon. Appointments : J. P. for County of 
Lancaster, 1909 ; Chairman, Local Tribunal. 



DUCKWORTH, Henry, Solicitor. 

" Westcroft," White Road, Blackburn. Offices : 23, Richmond Terrace. 
(London Agents : Messrs. Woodcock and Co.). Born : February 15th, 1881, 
at Blackburn ; eldest son of John Thomas Duckworth, of Merlewood, Black- 
burn, Shuttle Manufacturer. Educated: Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School; 
Rossall. Married : June 12th, 1912, to Eva Winifred, daughter of Ernest 
Whipple, of Sheffield, and has issue two daughters. Profession : Solicitor. 
Appointments : Churchwarden of St. Peter's, Blackburn ; Hon. Secretary of 
Local Branch of Land Union. Travelled : France, Belgium, Holland. 
Recreation : Golf. Clubs : District, Central Conservative, Literary, Blackburn. 
Note : Mr. Duckworth died October 14th, 1915. 

DUGDALE, Adam, J. P., D.L., Chairman, Manchester and County 
Bank, Landowner. 

Griffin Lodge, Blackburn ; Gilmonby Hall, Bowes, Darhngton, Yorks. 
Born : October 19th, 1833, at Blackburn ; second son of Thomas Dugdale, 
of Griffin Lodge, Blackburn, and Ehzabeth, only daughter of Thomas 
Walmsley, of Blackburn. Educated : Bruce Castle School, Tottenham, 
London, N. Married : June 17th, 1875, at St. Paul's Church, Stayley, to 
Amy Agnes, elder daughter of the late Thomas Harrison, of West Hill, Staley- 
bridge, Cheshire, and of the late Mary Agnes Harrison, second daughter of 
the late WiHiam Sidebottom, of Etherow House, Hollingworth, Cheshire, and 
has issue two sons and three daughters. Appointments : J. P. and 
Deputy-Lieutenant for the County of Lancaster ; Mayor of Blackburn, 1878- 
1880 ; Chairman of Manchester and County Bank. Travelled : On the Con- 
tinent of Europe. Recreations : Hunting and shooting. Clubs : Junior 
Carlton, London, S.W. ; Union, Manchester. Notes : Thomas Gilbert 
Dugdale, second son of the above, enlisted in University and Public Schools 
Corps, September 2nd, 1914 ; obtained a Commission in 2/4th East Lanes. 
Regt. (T.F.) in April, 1915 ; and was gazetted Captain in the same Regt. 
November 19th, 1915. Owns about 100 acres in Blackburn, and 2,500 acres 
in North Riding, Yorkshire. 



124 LANCASHIRE 



DULTON, Edward Charles, Physician and Surgeon. 

Woodcroft, Thomton-le-Fylde, Lanes. Born : January 30th, 1876, 
at Eccles ; son of Thomas and Amelia Dulton, of Woodcroft, Thornton- 
le-Fylde. Educated : Hulme Grammar School ; Owens College ; M.B. ; 
Ch.B. ; F.R.C.S. Profession : Physician and Surgeon. Travelled : Egypt ; 
Surgeon in Boer War, medal and five clasps. 

DUN, Robert Craig, F.R.C.S. (Eng.), M.B., CM. (Edin.). 

41, Rodney Street, Liverpool. Born : June 15th, 1870, at Weston Park, 
Warwickshire ; son of Finlay Dun and Jessie Jane Hamilton Craig. Edu- 
cated : Loretto School ; Edinburgh University ; M.B. ; CM. ; B.Sc. (Edin.) ; 
F.R.C.S. (Eng.). Married: To Harriet Louise Bowring, third daughter of 
the late John Bowring, of Liverpool, and has issue two daughters. Appoint- 
ments : Hon. Surgeon to Liverpool Infirmary for Children ; Consulting Sur- 
geon, West Kirby Convalescent Home for Children. 

DUNCAN, William Henderson, J.P., Cotton Manufacturer. 

Ingle Nook, Bury Road, Rochdale, and 2, Baillie Street, Rochdale. 
'Phone : 252 Rochdale. Born : January 4th, 1854. at Dundee ; son of 
George Duncan and Elizabeth Betts, his wife (both Scotch). Educated: 
Dundee High School ; F.R.I.B.A. Married : June, 1880, to Margaret 
Patterson Whyte, daughter of Wm. and Helen Whyte (nee Crawford), his 
wife, and has issue three sons and four daughters : Maggie, William Tees, 
George, Bella, Nellie, Ethel, and Edward Simpson. Occupation : Architect ; 
Director of Oswald and Duncan, Ltd., Cotton Manufacturers. He has been in 
the Rochdale Corporation as a Councillor for over ten years, part of the time 
as Chairman of the Paving and Sewering Committee, and Chairman of the 
Tramways Committee. J. P., December, 1916. As a youth, he was N.C.O., 
Garrison Artillery (Territorial). Recreation : Has been interested in boating ; 
travelled in Belgium, Norway, Switzerland, France, Germany, Austria, and 
Italy. 

DUNKERLEY, Chorlton, Solicitor. 

Kirkham ; 46, Lune Street, Preston. Born : December 9th, 1876, at 
Blackburn ; son of Jesse and Eleanor Dunkerley, of Kirkham. Educated : 
Lancing College. Profession : Solicitor. Travelled : Switzerland and Channel 
Islands. Recreations : Tennis, golf, shooting, bilHards, chess. Club : Political. 

DUNKERLEY, Councillor Squire, J.P., Ragged School Superin- 
tendent 

Rivington View, Oldham. 'Phone : Oldham 1467. Born : March 2rst, 
1850, at Oldham ; son of John and Dorothy Dunkerley. Educated : Elemen- 
tary School and self-taught. Married : January 9th, 1872, to Betty Stocks, 
daughter of Wm. and Nanny Stocks (nee Whittaker), and has issue five sons 
and three daughters : Mary, Hannah, Elizabeth, John Stocks, Squire, 
(deceased: John, William, Benjamin). Occupation: Joiner and Builder. 
Appointments : Treasurer, Oldham Mutual Sick and Burial Society for thirty- 
nine years ; Superintendent, Grosvenor Street Ragged School, forty-two 
years ; J. P. for Oldham, 1905 ; Councillor for Oldham, 1902-1907 ; Alderman, 
1907-1910 ; Councillor for Oldham again from 191 1 ; Poor Law Guardian 
since 1898 ; Member of the Oldham Education Committee, thirteen years ; 
Member of the Lanes. Asylums Board, 1904-1910. Recreation : Religious, 
social and public work. Club : Oldham Central Conservative. 



BIOGRAPHIES 125 



DUNLOP, Dugdale Oakley, F.S.I., Land Agent and Surveyor. 

Croesaw, Wilmslow, Cheshire. Office : 57, King Street, Manchester. 
Born : 1876, at London ; son of Alexander Milne and Isabella Dunlop. 
Educated : Eton College ; Magdalen College, Oxford. Married : June i6th, 
1903, to Margery Leigh, daughter of the late James Leigh, of Lytham. Occu- 
pation : Land Agent and Surveyor. Appointment : 2nd Lieut., 2/7th Lanes, 
Fusiliers. Recreation : Fishing. Club : Constitutional, Manchester. Career : 
Fellow of the Surveyors' Institution ; Land Agent and Surveyor ; Partner in 
Dunlop, Wallis and Co., Architects and Surveyors, Manchester. 

DUNNICO, Rev. Herbert, Secretary, International Peace and 
Arbitration Society. 

35, Prospect Vale, Newsham Park, Liverpool ('Phone : 33 Old Swan, 
Liverpool); 47, New Broad Street, London ('Phone: 7071 London Wall). 
Born : 1876, at Cefn Bedd, North Wales ; son of James Dunnico and Mary 
Owen (relative of Robert Owen, of Newtown). Educated : University College, 
Nottingham; Rawdon College ; Midland Theological College. Married: k^o^,, 
and has issue one child. Appointments : Secretary to International Peace 
and Arbitration Society ; Member of West Derby Poor Law Authority ; 
ex-President Liverpool Free Church Council, and Lancashire and Cheshire 
Association of Baptist Churches (Western District) ; Member of innumerable 
Relief Committees. Publications : Editor of the Herald of Peace. Recrea- 
tions : Football and public speaking. Clubs : Hermes, London ; Central 
Labour, Liverpool. 

DUTTON, Lieut. Edward Charles, Physician and Surgeon. 

Woodcroft, Thornton-le-Fylde, Lanes. Born : January 30th, 1876, at 
Eccles ; son of Thomas and Amelia Dutton, of Woodcroft, Thornton- 
le-Fylde. Educated : Lymm Grammar School ; Hulme Grammar School ; 
Owens College ; M.B. ; Ch.B. (Vict.) ; F.R.C.S. (Edin.). Profession ■ 
Physician and Surgeon. Travelled : Egypt ; Surgeon in Boer War, medal 
and five clasps. Note : Captain (temp.). Royal Army Medical Corps. 

DUVAL, Stephen Peachey, D.D., Rector of Colne. 

The Rectory, Colne, Lanes. Born : November 12th, 1870, at Madras, 
India ; son of Stephen Smith Duval, of Highgate, London. Educated : 
Highgate School, B.N.C. ; Oxford, D.D. Married : April 26th, 1906, at 
Netherbury, Dorset, to Maud, daughter of Thomas Norman, of Bath. Pro- 
fession : Rector of Colne, Lanes. ; Surrogate in the Diocese of Manchester. 
Clubs : Old Rectory, Manchester ; Union Society, Oxford. Note : A Director 
of the French Hospital, Victoria Park, N.E. 

DUXBURY, Rev. Arthur Cecil, Curate of Tarleton, near Preston. 

"Eden Villa," Tarleton, Preston. Born: October 25th, 1872, at 
Salford, Manchester ; son of Anyon Duxbury (died 1891), of Glen Lodge, 
Howard Street, Salford, Manchester, and Margaret (died 1913), daughter of 
William Birks, of Salford, Manchester. Educated : Manchester Grammar 
School; Victoria University (Scholas Episcopi), Manchester. Appoint- 
ment : Curate of All Saints, Blackburn. Curate of Facit, Rochdale, 1899- 
1902. Since July ist, 1916, Curate of Tarleton. Travelled : Switzerland and 
France. Recreations: Cricket and photography. Note: Had eight years' 
experience of business in a Manchester Shipping house before taking Holy 
Orders. 



126 LANCASHIRE 



DUXBURY, Alexander, Paper Manufacturer. 

Ailsaroyde, St. Annes-on-Sea. Born : December 19th, 1853, at Darwen ; 
second son of Yates and Hannah Duxbury, of Darwen. Educated : Bred- 
bury School, near Stockport. Married : To Clara, third daughter of WilUam 
and Mary Rushworth, of Langley House, Liversedge, Yorkshire, and has issue 
three sons and one daughter : Alexander (died at the age of six years, 1901) ; 
Kathleen, born 1897 ; Frank, born 1900 ; Harold, born 1903. Occupation : 
Paper Manufacturer ; Partner in the firm of Yates, Duxbury and Sons, Paper 
Manufacturers, of Bolton and Bury. Appointment : Member of the Bolton 
Town Council, 1901-1908. Travelled : France, Germany, Belgium, America. 
Cluhs : Lytham and St. Anne's Golf. Notes : He is the second of six 
brothers, and also the last surviving of the six. With his father and elder 
brothers was instrumental in building up from very small beginning a large 
business in the paper trade. Owns property at St. Annes on-Sea. 

DYSON, William, Physician and Dermatologist. 

10, St. John Street, Manchester. Born : 1871, at Manchester ; son of 
John Dyson, of Temple House, Cheetham. Educated : Rossall School ; Vic- 
toria University of Manchester ; M.B. ; Ch.B. ; M.D. ; Gold Medallist (Vict.). 
Married : To Margaret Mabel Speirs, daughter of Dr. Speirs, of Cleator, Cum- 
berland, and has issue one son and two daughters : Catherine, born May 8th, 
1901 ; Margaret, born October 29th, 1902 ; William Speirs, born April 27th, 
1905. Profession : Physician and Dermatologist. Publications : " An 
Investigation on Cutaneous Pigmentation in Normal and Pathological Con- 
ditions " ; " Cutaneous Pigmentation" ; " Granules in Liver Cells before and 
after Autolysis " ; " Further Investigations on the Staining of Granules " ; 
" Eczema," etc. Travelled : Austria. Recreations : Fishing, shooting, tennis. 
Cluh : Clarendon, Manchester. Note : Was engaged in general practice at 
Broseley, Salop, 1899-1907. Captain in the R.A.M.C. (T.F.), and has been 
abroad since the commencement of the war. 

EARLE, Arthur, J.P., F.R.G.S., Merchant and Bank Director. 

ChildwaU Lodge, Wavertree ; 18, Exchange Buildings, Liverpool. Born : 
December 14th, 1838, at Brookfarm, Lanes. ; son of Sir Hardman Earle, 
Bart., and Mary, his wife. Married : November 19th, 1867, at Buenos 
Ayres, to Ida, eldest daughter of Sir G. Buckley Matthew, H.B.M. Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary in Brazil, and has issue four sons 
and one daughter : Cecil Arthur Earle, R.A., born November 19th, 1868 (died in 
India, July 15th, 1896); John Greville Earle, J.P., born October 26th, 1869 ; 
Ronald Hamilton Earle, born February 20th, 1874 ; Laurence Matthew Earle, 
M.A., F.R.G.S., born September i6th, 1881 ; Lilian Ida Earle. Occupation : 
Merchant and Bank Director. Appointments : Director of Bank of Liverpool, 
Ltd. ; Director of Liverpool, London and Globe Insurance Co., Ltd.; Director 
of Earles and King, Ltd.; J.P. ; F.R.G.S. Travelled: All over the world. 
Recreations : Motoring and hunting. Clubs : Windham, Royal Automobile, 
Reform, Palatine, Racquet. 

EARLE, John GrevUle, J.P. 

A18, Exchange Buildings, Liverpool. Born : 1869, at Grassendale, near 
Liverpool ; second and eldest surviving son of Arthur Earle, J. P., of Qiildwall 
Lodge, Wavertree, and grandson of Sir Hardman Earle, first Baronet. Edu- 
cated : Winchester, 1882-1888. Occupation : Director of Earles and King, 
Ltd., Liverpool. Appointment : J.P. for Lanes., 1904. Recreations : Cricket, 
tennis, music. Clubs : Bath and M.C.C. ; Racquet, Liverpool. Note : Is 
engaged on munition work. 



BIOGRAPHIES 127 



EASTHAM, Tom, M.P., Ch.B., Barrister-at-Law. 

Shandon, Green Lane, Buxton ; 78, King Street, Manchester. Born : 
1879, at Hadfield, Derbyshire ; son of James Cook Eastham, C.E., and Harriet 
Roberts Eastham, of Derbyshire. Educated : Manchester Grammar School ; 
Victoria University ; St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London ; Lincoln's Inn ; 
M.B. ; Bac. Surg. ; Barrister-at-Law. Married : 1901, at Parish Church, 
St. Annes-on-Sea, to Margaret Ernestine Smith, B.A. (Lond.), of Ailsacroft, 
St. Annes-on-Sea, and has issue one daughter, Margaret Joan, born May 
nth, 1913. Profession : Barrister-at-Law. Appointments : Member of the 
Northern Circuit ; Hon. Secretary of the Lancashire Division of the Nationalist 
Unionist Association ; Unionist Candidate for the Parliamentary Division of 
Hyde, Cheshire, January, 1910. Club : Manchester Constitutional. 

EASTWOOD, Albert Edward, B.A., Solicitor. 

Horrobin Hill, Heaton, Bolton. Of&ce : 15, Wood Street, Bolton. Born : 
December 15th, 1876, at Luddenden, Yorks. ; only son of EU Ogden Eastwood, 
of Luddenden, and Hannah Mary, eldest daughter of Thomas Sutcliffe, of 
Greenhirst Hey, Todmorden, Yorks. Educated : Giggleswick School ; Christ 
College, Cambridge; B.A. (Camb.). Married: October ist, 1907, at St. 
Paul's, Todmorden, by the Right Rev. Lord Bishop of Wakefield, to Maud, 
second daughter of Canon and Mrs. Lightfoot, of Todmorden, Yorks., and has 
issue one daughter : Elinor Joan, born March 7th, 1913. Profession : 
Solicitor. Appointments : Before marriage, was Lecturer in Education at 
the University of Liverpool ; also University Extension Lecturer ; after 
marriage, held temporary appointments in the University of London ; con- 
tinues as University Extension Lecturer, and Lecturer for the Tutorial Classes 
of the Workers' Educational Association ; is a contributor to Mind, The 
International Journal of Ethics, etc. Travelled : India, Africa, America, 
and the Continent, etc. Recreation : Golf. Club : Junior Conservative. 
Note : Lately carried on business as Richardson, Marsh and Co. 

EATON, George Henry, Solicitor, Magistrates' Clerk, Kirkdale. 

Gorsey Hey, Bebington. Office : 5, Clayton Square, Liverpool. Born : 
July i8th, 1842, at Newmarket, Canada ; son of Charles Edward Eaton, 
and Jane, daughter of Major Fry, grandson of the late George Eaton, of The 
Pole, near Northwich, Cheshire. Educated : Abbott's Grange, Chester ; 
Frankfort, Germany ; passed legal examination with honours, January, 1866. 
Married : November 25th, 1873, to Caroline, fourth daughter of Ormus 
Biddulph, and Caroline, daughter of Rev. Sir Godfrey Thomas, Bart., 
and has issue two sons and six daughters : George Biddulph Eaton, born 
1877 ; Philip Charles Eaton, born 1892 (died May, 1895) ; Constance 
Georgina (married to Roger Wilbraham, Overdale, Cheshire) ; Dorothy Frances 
(married to John K. C. Clusshire; Winifred Caroline (married to Henry 
Brancher) ; Sybil Catherine ; Christobel ; and Barbara May (married to E. 
Lancelot Sherlock). Profession: Solicitor. Appointment: Magistrates' 
Clerk for Kirkdale Division of Lanes., from 1866. Recreations : Cricket and 
hunting ; later in life, shooting and fishing ; beagling, member of the 
Royal Rock Beagles from 1868 to present time. 

EBREY, Rev. Alfred. 

37, Seedley Road, Pendleton, Manchester. Born : September 2nd, 
1859, at Shrewsbury ; son of William and Sarah Ebrey, of the Three Tons 
Hotel, Castleforgate, Shrewsbury. Educated : Shrewsbury, St. Michael's 
School ; St. Aidan's College, Birkenhead. Married : Twice — (i) At St. 



128 LANCASHIRE 



Michael's Church, Shrewsbury, to Ehzabeth, daughter of Robert and Elizabeth 
Everall, Lindley, Shropshire (died, January 28th, 1906), leaving four sons and 
one daughter : William Robert, born August 9th, 1886 ; Percy George, born 
January ist, 1888 ; Thomas Reginald, born January ist, 1891 ; Harold, bom 
June 25th, 1894 ; Edith Dorothy GwyndoHne, born November 28th, 1897. 
(2) September 17th, 1907, at St. Juhan's Church, to Mary Jane, daughter of 
George and Hannah Bache, of Shrewsbury, and has issue one son : Alfred 
Bache, born September loth, 1908. Profession : Priest of English Church ; 
in charge of St. Anne's, Brindle Heath, Pendleton. Notes : When thirteen 
years old, owing to death of father, went to work at the mill, in Castleforgate ; 
afterwards obtained a position on G.W.R. ; when fourteen years old, often 
gave addresses at Cottage Services ; confirmed at fifteen years old ; afterwards 
became ^ a Sunday School teacher, also member of the Church Choir of St. 
Michael's, Shrewsbury, and interested in Mission work and Band of Hope. 
Entered the Lichfield Training College for Evangehsts, at Hanley, in Stafford- 
shire, becoming one of the first of the Lichfield Evangehst Brothers, taking 
charge of missions in many parts of the country, chiefly Staffordshire, London, 
and N. Wales, being there placed in charge of a new church, hcensed by the 
Bishop of St. Asaph, built by the late Sir Roger Palmer, Bart., of Cefn Park. 
Wrexham. At the age of thirty-nine, entered St. Aidan's College, Birkenhead, 
to study for Holy Orders ; succeeded in passing the Cambridge Examination, 
and was ordained by the late Dr. Moorhouse, Bishop of Manchester, to the 
parish of Heyside, Oldham. In 1906 appointed to be priest in charge of 
St. Anne's, in the Parish of St. Thomas, Pendleton ; and Vicar of the Parish 
of St. Michael's, Childs Ercall, in the Diocese of Lichfield, 1916. 

EDGE, Alderman Knowles, J.P., Dye Manufacturer. 

Great Marld, Smithills, Bolton; Dolly Blue Works, Raphael Street, 
Bolton. Born : February 7th, 1853, at Prestwich, near Manchester ; son of 
William Edge, formerly of Thornleigh, Poulton-le-Fylde, and of Lyndene, 
Smithills, Bolton, and Anne Byrom Knowles, his wife. Educated : Ordinary 
and Technical Schools. Married: 1880, at St. Peter's Church, Smithills, 
Bolton, to Mary Jane, daughter of John and Ellen Preston, of Bolton, and has 
issue three sons : William Edge, J.P., born November 21st, 1880 ; John 
Harold Edge, F.C.S., born July 31st, 1888 ; Knowles, born March, 1884 
(died December, 1884). Occupation : Head of firm of Wm. Edge and Sons, 
Ltd., Bolton, Colour Manufacturers. Appointments : J. P. for County of 
Lanes., 1904 ; Alderman, County Borough of Bolton, 1900 ; President, Bolton 
Chamber of Commerce, 1911-1913, and as such has been presented to their 
Majesties King George and Queen Mary ; Member of Municipal Council of 
Bolton since 1899, and representative of same on County Council and Inebriate 
Acts Board ; President of Bolton Poor Protection Society, also of the Bolton 
Y.M.C.A. and the Bolton Branch of the U.K.C.T.A. ; an F.G.L of the Institute 
of Grocers. Travelled : France, Belgium, Switzerland. Recreations : Walking 
and motoring. Clubs : Bolton Reform and Smithills. Notes : At one time 
his father, his brother and himself were all simultaneously members of the 
Municipal Council of Bolton ; has been prospective candidate for Westhoughton 
Division, and his son, WiUiam Edge, J. P., prospective candidate for Ashton- 
under-Lyne, 1913. As Hon. Treasurer of the Bolton Y.M.C.A., inaugurated a 
Fund to provide Y.M.C.A. huts for the soldiers, collected sums sufficient to 
provide two huts in 1914 and 1915 (one at the Front), and in the January 
following, instituted the first Flag Day for Y.M.C.A. Soldiers' Huts, and collected 
one thousand guineas to maintain the two huts, and provide another at the 
front. Has been active in recruiting, and received medal from Lord Derby. 
He has one son, now Capt. W. Edge, M.P. for Bolton, on the War Oi^ce 
Staff of the Adjutant-General, and two nephews, one an officer in Lanes. 



BIOGRAPHIES 129 



Regt. One son, J. Harold Edge, attested in the Derby Group System, but as 
an expert colour chemist, responsible for manufacture of colours and chemicals 
for various Lancashire industries and export, he is not allowed to join His 
Majesty's Forces at the time of writing. 

EDWARDS -REES, Rev. Canon William Goodman, D.D., M.A. (Oxon). 

Gorton Rectory, Manchester. 'Phone : 637 Openshaw. Born : Second 
son of Henry Rees, Iron and Tinplate Manufacturer, of Llanelly. Educated : 
Privately in England and Normandy ; University of Glasgow (Scholar and 
Prizeman) ; Jesus College, Oxford (Meyrick Exhib.) ; First Class in Modem 
Languages Exam. ; B.A. ; Second Class Lit. Hum. Married : 1894, to Lily, 
second daughter of John Clarkson, of Moseley, and Auckland, New Zealand, 
and has issue one daughter : Desiree Mary Mabella. Appointments : Vicar of 
Rainhill, 1895 ; D.D. honoris causa, Glasgow, 1910 ; Witness before Com- 
mittee on Physical Deterioration ; Secretary of Church Congress, 1908 ; 
Select Speaker and Writer, Pan-Anglican Congress, 1908 ; Vicar of Pendleton, 
Manchester, 1897-1913 ; Rector of St. James', Gorton. Manchester, since 
1913 ; Hon. Canon, Manchester, 1910. Publications : " The Parson's Out- 
look, Studies in Clerical Life," second edition, 1908 ; various articles on 
ethical and theological subjects in reviews, topical articles in Manchester 
Guardian and The Guardian. Recreations : A little sculling and climbing. 
Club : Old Rectory, Manchester. 

EGERTON, Capt. William Francis, J.P., D.L. 

Gawithfield, Arrod Foot, Ulverston. Born : 1868 ; son of Admiral the 
Hon. Francis Egerton (died 1895), and daughter of the seventh Duke of Devon- 
shire ; grandson of the first Earl of EUesmere. Married : 1894, to LadyAhce 
Susan Godolphin, daughter of the ninth Duke of Leeds, and has issue one son : 
Francis, 2nd Lieut., 17th Lancers. Appointments : J. P. for Lanes., 1898 ; 
D.L., J.P. for Surrey, 1900. Recreation: Ra.cing. Club: Brooks. Note :Lsite 
2nd Lieut., 17th Lancers; Capt., West Kent Yeomanry, and Brigade Major. 

EGESA-OSORA, Rev. Edenslight ArchduU, M.A., Clerk in Holy 
Orders. 

43, Upper Parliament Street, Liverpool. Born : April 19th, at Sierra 
Leone, West Coast of Africa ; son of Dionisus Aaron and Nancy Egesa-Osora. 
Educated : Arts and Theology : private pupil of Foronbay College, Freetown, 
Sierra Leone ; private pupil in England ; Oxford University ; Wycliffe Hall, 
Oxford; B.A. ; M.A. Profession: Clerk in Holy Orders. Recreations : Tennis, 
hockey, studying human nature. Club : Clergy Club. Masonic Lodge : 
Bohemian, 3294. 

ELCUM, Rev. Charles Cunningham, M.A., Vicar of St. Agnes', 
Ullet Road, Liverpool. 

St. Agnes' Vicarage, Ullet Road, Liverpool. Born : June 14th, 1848, at 
Cheltenham ; son of Charles Frederic and Phcebe Maria Elcum. Educated : 
Epsom College ; Foundation Scholar of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge ; 
Prizeman ; B.A. and M.A. (Third Class Classical Tripos) ; student of Gloucester 
Theological College. Profession : Vicar of St. Agnes', Ullet Road, Liverpool. 
Appointments : Private tutor to the late Nevile Fane, Clovelly Court, North 
Devon, and to the late Marchioness of Devonshire's family ; Chaplain to 
the late Bishop of Adelaide, South Austraha ; Assistant-Curate of Sopley, 
Hants., St. Michael's, Croydon, and All Saints', Margaret Street, London ; 
Assistant Master in King's College School, London ; Chaplain (Col.) of 3rd 
West Lanes. R.F.A. (T.F.). Publication : " The Votive Tapestry " (poem) 
(Henry Young and Co., Liverpool). Recreations: Photography and cycling. 



130 LANCASHIRE 



ELLESMERE, John Francis S. Granville Egerton, Earl of» M.V.O. 

Worsley Hall, Manchester ; Stetchworth Park, Newmarket ; Mertoun, 
St. Boswells ; Bridgewater House, St. James's, London, S.W. Born : 1872, 
succeeded to title, 1914. Educated: Eton. Married: October, 1905, to 
Violet Lambton, daughter of the Hon. F. W. Lambton, and has issue one son 
and four daughters : Anne Katharine, Jane Mary, Mary, Susan, John Sutherland 
(Viscount Buckley). Appointments: J. P. for Lanes.; Chairman, East 
Lanes. Territorial Association ; Lieut. -Col. Commanding 3rd Batt., The Royal 
Scots, South Africa, 1900-1902. Recreations : Cricket, shooting, racing. 

ELLIOTT, Rev. John Muir, M.A., Army Chaplain. 

64, Seymour Grove, Old Trafford, Manchester. Born : 1889, at Glasgow ; 
third son of the late Rev. William Hayward Elliott, Vicar of Bramhope, 
Yorks., and Mary Alice Elliott. Educated: Christ's Hospital, 1898-1905. 
Profession : Army Chaplain. Recreation : Motor driving. Club : Old 
Rectory, Manchester. Career : Educated at Christ's Hospital, 1898-1905 ; 
was Assistant Master at Caterham Preparatory School, 1905-1908 ; in 1908 
went into residence at Queen's College, Oxford, where he took degree of 
B.A. ; Assistant Master at Mostyn House School, Parkgate, 1911-1914 ; in 
January, 1914, went for theological training to Egerton Hall, Manchester, 
and was ordained Deacon in September, 1914, and Priest in September, 1915, 
by the Bishop of Manchester ; Assistant-Curate of AH Saints' Church, Stret- 
ford, till January, 1916, when he obtained a Commission as Chaplain to the 
Forces, and was attached to the R.A.M.C, joining the staff of the 2nd Western 
General Base Hospital. His brother, 2nd Lieut. G. E. Elliott, 13th Batt., 
Royal Sussex Regt., died of wounds on May 20th, 1916. 

ELLIS, John William, M.B., Gh.B. 

18, Rodney Street, Liverpool. Born : January 24th, 1857, at Doncaster ; 
son of John Henry and Sarah Elizabeth Ellis, of Doncaster and Liverpool. 
Educated : Liverpool Institute ; Liverpool School of Medicine ; Liverpool 
University ; M.B., Ch.B. Married : 1882, at Doncaster, to Annis, daughter 
of R. Hough, Doncaster, and has issue two sons and one daughter : Annis 
Gertrude, born 1884 ; John Henry, born 1887 ; Arthur William, born 1895. 
Recreations : Pursuit of natural science, especially Cryptogamic Botany ; 
Fellow of the Entomological Society of London ; Gold Medallist of the Royal 
Botanic Society. Notes : Related (cousin) to Sir Henry Ellis, who was 
knighted for his services as Principal Librarian, British Museum. Author: 
Of several works on the " Natural History of the Liverpool District," and many 
scattered articles in professional and natural history periodicals. Lieut.-Col. 
R.A.M.C. (T.F.), retired; T.D. 

ELLIS, William, Newspaper Proprietor. 

Park Villa, Chorley, Lanes. Head Office : Market Place, Chorley. 
Born : October 4th, 1862, at Bradford, Yorks. ; eldest son of Nathan and 
Maria Ellis (deceased), of Bradford, Yorks. Educated : Borough West School, 
Bradford. Married: March 25th, 1885, to Julia, second daughter of the 
late Richard Appleyard, Chemist, of Bradford, and has issue one son and 
one daughter : Herbert, born March ist, 1887 (who represents " Linotype 
and Machinery, Ltd.," in the Far East) ; Edna Winifred, born August 
30th, 1900. Occupation : Joint-Proprietor and Editor, since 1903, with brother, 
Joseph Ellis, of Trinity Road, Chorley, of Chorley and District Weekly News 
(established 1864), and Leyland and Farington Weekly News ; was formerly 
on the staff of Midland Express, Birmingham Evening Despatch, Leeds Times, 
and Bradford Daily Telegraph. Recreation : Music. Notes : His son, Herbert 



BIOGRAPHIES 131 



Ellis, is stationed at Singapore (ib, Raffles' Quay, Singapore — Linotype Co.'s 
address). He took part in quelling mutiny in February, 1915 ; was in charge 
of machine gun on patrol boat. Was married on September 7th, 1915, 
at Rangoon Cathedral, to Dorothy Gardner, of Rangoon. Compulsory 
military service introduced at Singapore in August, 1915. 

ELLISON, Rev. David, Clerk in Holy Orders. 

Springfield Road, Sale, Cheshire. Born : September 8th, 1843, at 
Alpraham, Cheshire ; youngest son of Elihu and Elizabeth Ellison, of 
Alpraham. Educated : Durham University, L.Th. Married : June 7th, 
1888, at All Saints', Manchester, to Ada Heckscher, youngest daughter of 
Dr. and Mrs. Heckscher, of Manchester, and has issue one son and one 
daughter : Dorothy, born March 14th, 1889 ; Jack, born December i8th, 
1891. Profession: Clerk in Holy Orders. Author: "Daring Robbery." 
Travelled : Switzerland, Italy, Egypt, Holy Land, Spain, Holland, Belgium, 
France, Canary Islands. Recreation : Fishing. 

ELSEE, Rev. Henry John M.A., Vicar of St. George's, Bolton. 

St. George's Vicarage, Bolton. Born : September 2nd, 1863, at Rugby ; 
eldest surviving son of the Rev. Charles Elsee, Assistant Master at Rugby 
School, and Mary Anne, daughter of Henry Cram, of Liscard. Educated : 
Rugby School ; St. John's College, Cambridge ; B.A., 1885 ; M.A., 1889. 
Profession : Vicar of St. George's, Bolton, since 1896. Appointments : 
Ordained Deacon, 1886 ; Priest, 1887, at Ely ; Curate of Horningsey, Cam- 
bridge, 1886-1887 ; Curate of St. Andrew's, Manchester, 1887-1896 ; Chaplain 
Territorial Force (5th North Lanes. Regt.) ; President, Lanes. Association 
of Change-ringers. Travelled : Switzerland, etc. Recreations : Change- 
ringing, cycling, walking. Club : Old Rectory, Manchester. 

ELTON, Professor Oliver, M.A., D.Litt. 

University of Liverpool. Born : 1861, at Holt, Norfolk ; son of the 
Rev. Charles Allen Elton, B.D., Fellow of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, 
and Sarah Amelia Ransom. Educated : Marlborough College ; Classical 
Scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford ; Second Class Classicad 
Moderations ; First Class (1884) Literae Humaniores ; M.A. (Oxford) ; 
Hon. D.Litt. (Durham). Married: 1888, to Letitia Maynard, daughter of 
the Rev. Dugald MacColl, and has issue three sons : Geoffrey York, Leonard 
Sidgwick, Charles Sutherland. Author : Saxo Grammaticus' " Historia 
Danica," Books I. — IX., translated ; with introduction by F. York Powell (Folk- 
lore Society), 1894 (Nutt) ; "Michael Drayton, A Critical Study" (Constable), 

1905 (originally published for Spenser Society, 1895, and now revised and 
enlarged) ; " The Augustan Ages " (Blackwood), 1899 (in " Periods of European 
Literature," edited by Professor Saintsbury, Vol. IX.) ; " Frederick York 
Powell : Life, and a selection from his letters and occasional writings ' ' (Oxford) , 

1906 ; " Modern Studies " (Arnold), 1907 ; "A Survey of English Literature, 
1780-1830," two Vols. (Arnold), 1912. Recreation: Cycling. Club: Univer- 
sity, Liverpool. Career : Lecturer in English Literature, Owens College, 
Manchester, 1890-1900 ; King Alfred Professor of English Literature in 
University College of Liverpool and the University of Liverpool, since 1900. 

ELVERSTON, Sir Harold, Kt., M.P., J.P., F.C.I.I. 

Fulshaw Hall, Wilmslow. Born : 1866, at Fairfield ; son of Jas. Booth 
Elverston and his wife, EHzabeth Marsden (British). Honour : Knighted at 
Coronation, 1911. Married: 1899, to Josephine Taylor, daughter of Joseph 
Taj'lor, of Rusholme, and has issue three sons : VVensley. Marsden, Edward. 



132 LANCASHIRE 



Occupation : Newspaper Proprietor and Printer^; Director, Cuba Bartle 
Sugar Co, Appointments : Represented (Lib.) Oxford Ward in Manchester 
City Council ; elected M.P. for Gateshead, 1910 ; J. P. for Cheshire ; Hon. 
Secretary, Lanes, and Cheshire Liberal Federation ; Member, Council, Royal 
Manchester College of Music ; Member of National Guard, Wilmslow Co. of 
Knutsford Battalion ; done much recruiting work and visited with Parlia- 
mentary Committee all principal munition factories in the kingdom. Recrea- 
tions : Tennis, golf, swimming. Cluhs : Reform,^National Liberal. 

EMMOTT, the Rt. Hon. Alfred Baron, M.P., Under-Secretary for 
the Colonies. 

30, Ennismore Gardens, London, S.W. Born : 1858, at Oldham ; son 
of the late Thomas Emmott, of Brookfield, Oldham, and Anchorsholme, 
Poulton-le-Fylde, and Hannah, daughter of the late John Barlow, The Oak, 
Chorley, Cheshire. Educated: Grove House, Tottenham, and privately ; B.A., 
London. Married : October 5th, 1887, at Middlewich to Mary Gertrude, 
daughter of the late John William Lees, of Waterhead, Oldham, and has 
issue two daughters : Hon. Mary Gwendolen, born 1888 (married, 1913, 
Home, son of John Peel, of Fairview, Sunningdale) ; Hon. Dorothy, bom 
1890. Occupation : Under-Secretary for the Colonies. Appointments : J. P. 
for Lanes, and Oldham ; Mayor of Oldham, 1891-1892 ; Under-Secretary for 
the Colonies, since 1911 ; M.P. (L.) for Oldham, from 1899-1911 ; Deputy- 
Speaker and Chairman of Ways and Means, House of Commons, from 1906- 
191 1. Clubs : Brooks, Reform, and others, London ; Clarendon and Reform, 
Manchester. 

EMMOTT, George Henry, M.A., LL.M., Dean of Faculty of Law. 

64, Park Road West, Claughton. Educated : Owens College, Manchester, 
and Trinity Hall, Cambridge ; Barrister-at-Law, 1879 > Lecturer, English 
Law, Owens College, 1880-1885 ; Dean of Faculty of Law since 1903. (Died 
March, 1916.) 

ENGLAND, Edwin Bourdieu, Litt.D. (Camb.), J.P. 

High Wray, Ambleside. Born : September 9th, 1847, at Mill Hill ; son 
of the Rev. S. S. England, Congregational Minister, and Sarah England, 
daughter of Thos. Butler, J.P., of Witham. Educated: Private Schools; 
University College, London ; Trinity College, Cambridge ; Litt.D. (Cam- 
bridge). Married : At New Brighton, to Edith Helen, daughter of S. Marshall 
Bulley, J.P., of New Brighton, and has issue three sons and one daughter : 
Edwin Thirlwall, born 1877 ; Phihp Remington, born 1879 > Helen Mary, 
born 1880 ; Richard Dobourdieu, born 1884. Appointments : J.P. for County 
of Lancaster ; Formerly Assistant-Lecturer in Classics in Owens College, 
Victoria University ; Chairman of Higher Education Sub-Committee of 
Westmorland and Education Committee (since 1909) ; Member of Westmor- 
land Education Committee, since 1903. 

EVANS, Arthur John, F.R.C.S. (Edin.), M.R.C.S. (Eng.), L.R.C.P. 
(Lond.), Hon. Surgeon, Liverpool, Stanley Hospital. 

69, Rodney Street, Liverpool. Born : April 17th, 1871, at Crickhowell, 
Brecon ; son of the Rev. John Evans, B.D., of Crickhowell, Brecon, and 
Mary, daughter of Wyndham Jones, of Newport, Monmouthshire. Educated : 
St. Edmund's College, Canterbury ; F.R.C.S. (Edin.) ; M.R.C.S. (Eng.) ; 
L.R.C.P. (Lond.) ; University College and Hospital, London. Married : June, 
1904, at Dinas, Pembrokeshire, to Anne, daughter of David Havard, M.D., J.P., 



BIOGRAPHIES I33 



of East View, Newport, Pembrokeshire, and Julia Rowlands, daughter of John 
Rowlands, of Cardiff, and has issue three daughters : Eirwen, born December 
13th, 1907 ; Mary, born December 15th, 1910 ; Audrey, born July 9th, 1912. 
Appointments : Hon. Surgeon, Liverpool Stanley Hospital ; Visiting Surgeon, 
Brownlow Hill Infirmary, Liverpool ; Associate of the Order of St. John of 
Jerusalem ; Captain, R.A.M.C. (T.F.). Publications : Surgical Contribu- 
tions to various papers. Travelled : Canada, South and West Africa, West 
Indies, United States. Recreation : Motoring. Notes : Served during South 
African Campaign, 1900-1902 ; went through the earthquake at Kingston, 
Jamaica, 1907 ; mentioned in despatches by the Governor for services rendered 
to the injured. 

EVANS, Councillor William, J.P. 

43, Bentley Road, Princes Park, Liverpool. Born : 1843. Educated : 
Liverpool College. Appointments : Elected to the City Council, Anfield Ward, 
1899 ; J.P,, 1885, Liverpool. Club : Reform, Liverpool. 

EVANS, Rev. David Tecwyn, B.A., Wesleyan Methodist Minister. 

14, Lowwood Road, Birkenhead. Born : December 5th, 1876, at 
Llandecwyn, Merionethshire ; son of Evan and Catherine Evans. Educated : 
Llandecwyn and Talsarnau Schools ; University College of North Wales ; 
Didsbury College ; B.A., with Second Class Honours in English (Univ. of 
Wales). Married : February 12th, 1908, to Nana, daughter of Richard and 
Jane Stirrup, of Llangefni, Anglesey. Profession : Wesleyan Methodist 
Minister. Publications: " Yr laith Gymraeg : Ei Horgraff a'i Chystrawen" 
(second edition) ; " Welsh Commentaries on L and II. Corinthians" ; " Llestri'r 
Trysor," a Handbook of Biblical Criticism (second edition) ; Numerous 
articles in the chief Welsh quarterlies and monthlies, Y Beirniad, Y Geninen, 
Yr Eur gr awn, Y Traeihodydd, etc. 

EVANS, Sir Edward, J.P. 

Spital Old Hall, Spital. 'Phone : 20 Bromborough. Telegrams : 
Bromborough. Office : 56, Hanover Street, Liverpool. Born : June 26th, 
1846, at Birkenhead ; son of Edward Evans, J.P., D.L., of Wrexham, and 
Margaret Evans (both deceased). Educated: Wallace Hall, Dumfriesshire; and 
privately. Married : May 20th, 1869, to Martha, daughter of William Nevett 
Marton, Salop, and has issue two sons and three daughters : Edward, 
John, Gertrude Mary, Margaret, Rose Noeline (married to Major Vernon 
Thome, 9th Batt., Lanes. Fusiliers). Occupation: Director and Vice- 
Chairman of Evans, Sons, Lescher and Webb, Ltd., Liverpool, London, 
and New York. Appointment : J.P. for County of Chester. Recreations : 
Golf and billiards. Clubs : The Reform ; National Liberal ; Liverpool 
Reform and Junior Reform ; Glasgow Liberal. Career : He is probably 
one of the best-known men in Liverpool and the Hundred of Wirral. He 
may justly be called the father of the Liberal Party in Wirral, for so long ago 
as 1865 he was engaged in political warfare in the Borough of Birkenhead. 
In 1880, when the West Cheshire Division — which has since been sub-divided 
into the Wirral, Eddisbury, Crewe, and Northwich Divisions — was contested 
by the Liberal Party, for the first time for forty years, Sir Edward took a most 
active part in the contest, and as Hon. Secretary of the Division visited everj' 
township and hamlet in this area, creating an organisation where hitherto 
none had existed. In 1885, on the Redistribution, which called into being 
the Wirral Division, he was appointed Hon. Secretary of the Wirral Liberal 
Association. In 1887 he was elected Chairman of the Wirral Liberal Associa- 
tion, and retained that office till 1900. Whilst in office, the subscribers' list 



134 LANCASHIRE 



was raised from about 60 in number to 806. In 1889 he initiated and 
carried into being the Liverpool Liberal Federal Council, the largest Borough 
Federation in the country, with an electorate of 115,000. He was elected 
President on July 19th, 1889, and re-elected to that position each year, till 
1911, when he resigned. On June 4th, 1889, he was elected a Member of the 
Executive Committee of the National Liberal Federation, the principal organi- 
sation of the Party in the country, and on November loth, 1894, he was 
elected to the Chairmanship of that important body, to which position 
he has been annually re-elected ever since. He has received the honour 
which is due to the strenuous public worker, first by being elevated to the 
Bench as a Justice of the Peace for the Wirral Petty Sessional Division in 
1894, and second, by having received from His Majesty the King the honour 
of Knighthood in 1906. The Liberal Party has presented him with his 
portrait, painted by Mr. Frank T. Copnall (and a handsome diamond pendant 
to Lady Evans), the presentation being made by Mr. Asquith, then Prime 
Minister, who came to Liverpool for the purpose. The portrait is now on 
the walls of Reform Club, and a replica at Spital. He has also received 
handsome acknowledgments at various periods from the Liberal Party in 
Liverpool and Wirral and from his colleagues on Committee of National 
Liberal Federation. In all his strenuous work he has received the cordial 
S5mtipathy of his wife and family, who have at all times assisted him in his 
labours. 

EVANS, Rev. Henry, M.A. (Oxon), Clerk in Holy Orders, Vicar. 

Alkrington, Middleton, Manchester. Born : March 24th, 1869 ; son of 
William Evans, of Felinfach, Carmarthen. Educated : Jesus College, Oxford ; 
M.A. Married : July i8th, 1903, to Lucy Norton, daughter of B. Morton, 
J. P., of Aldern House, Bakewell, Derbyshire, and has issue one son and one 
daughter. Profession : Clerk in Holy Orders ; Vicar. 

EVANS, Rev. John Daniel, Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Minister. 

17, Island Road, Garston, Liverpool. Born : August i6t.h, 1861, at 
Weston Rhyn, Salop ; son of David and Ellen Evans. Educated : Bala 
CM. College ; University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. Married : July 
2nd, 1889, to Mary, eldest daughter of Captain Richard and Jane Davies, of 
Aberystwyth, and has issue four sons : David Basil, J. R. Clement, 
J. Myfanwy, Howell Justin. Profession: Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Minister. 
Served for years and still acting as a Manager of a Liverpool Council School. 
Note : His eldest son joined the Army in December, 1914, and is a serving in 
the Royal Welsh Fusiliers. 

EVANS, John James, J. P., Chairman of Limited Company, Member 
of Mersey Docks and Harbour Board. 

Brackenwood, Bebington, Cheshire. Born : 1842, at Liverpool ; eldest 
son of Edward Evans, D.L., J. P. (died 1905), of Bronwylfa, Denbighshire, 
and Margaret, daughter of Robert Paterson, J. P., of Dumfries. Educated: 
Wallace Hall, Dumfriesshire, and on the Continent. Married : 1866, to 
Sarah (deceased), daughter of David Everett, F.R.C.S., J. P., of Worcester, 
and has issue two sons and three daughters. Occupation : Chairman of 
Directors, Evans, Sons, Lescher and Webb, Ltd., 1902 ; Government Nominee 
Member of Mersey Docks and Harbour Board. Appointments : Chiirman, 
Finance Committee, Cheshire C.C, 1907 ; Cheshire C.C., Bebington Division, 
1889 ; Alderman, 1903 ; J. P. for Cheshire. Recreations : Public work and 
fishing. Clubs : Reform and Exchange, Liverpool. 



BIOGRAPHIES 135 



EYRE, Frederick Alsop, Secretary and Accountant, Manchester 

Ship Canal. 

Redgarth, White Knowle Road, Buxton. Appointments : Secretary and 
Accountant of the Manchester Ship Canal Company ; qualified for admission 
to Institute of Chartered Accountants ; appointed Assistant Accountant, 
Manchester Ship Canal Company 1888, Accountant 1900, and Secretary and 
Accountant 1902. Club : Old Rectory, Manchester. 

FAICHNEY, Rev. John, Presbyterian Minister, Acting Chaplain. 

31, Euston Grove, Birkenhead. Born : May ist, 1866, at Glasgow ; 
son of James Bruce Faichney and Annie Dale. Educated : Glasgow 
University ; United Presbyterian College, Edinburgh. Married : June 12th, 
1902, to Jane Blakeley Hamilton, and has issue two sons : Wm. Nelson 
Mitchell Faichney, Robert Burns Hamilton Faichney. Profession : Presbyterian 
Minister, now at Hamilton Memorial Church, Birkenhead ; formerly at St. 
George's Church, Most on. Recreations : Cycling and reading. Notes : Chaplain 
to wounded Presbyterian soldiers at several hospitals in neighbourhood. His 
wife is on the staff of Blackley Red Cross Hospital, and also on the Committee 
of the Local National Relief Committee. 

FAIR, James Alexander Stretton, J.P., Land Agent. 

The Birks, Lytham. Born : 1863 ; son of Thomas Fair, of Lytham, 
and grandson of James Trotter Fair, of Lytham, and Louisa Stretton, daughter 
of Bartholomew Stretton, of Manchester. Educated : Charterhouse. Married : 
1894, to Lucy Beatrice Annie, daughter of H. Shepherd-Cross, M.P., J.P., of 
Hamels Park, Buntingford, Herts. Occupation: Land Agent. Appoint- 
ments : J. P. for Lanes., 1903. ; Member of the Blackpool Division Parha- 
mentary Advisory Committee. 

FARMER, Joseph Henry, Solicitor, Town Clerk of Bootle. 

Breeze Hill, Bootle. Born : 1850, at Nottingham ; son of Joseph and 
Maria Farmer. Educated : Honours at Solicitors' Final Examination, 1881. 
Married : To Catherine, daughter of E. Morley, of Sapcote, Hinckley, and 
has issue two sons and one daughter : Frank Morley, Sydney Morley, 
Katherine Winifred Morley. Profession : Solicitor ; Town Clerk of Bootle ; 
Clerk to Education Committee. Author : Various newspaper articles. 
Travelled : Canada, United States, Egypt, European Continent. Recreation : 
Golf. Club : Liverpool Lyceum. 

FARRER, William (changed his name from Ecroyd by Royal 

Licence, 1896). 

Hall Garth, Over Kellet, near Camforth, Lanes. ; Whitbarrow Lodge, 
Witherslack, Westmorland. Born : 1861, at Nelson ; second son of the late 
William Farrer Ecroyd, of Credenhill Court, Herefordshire, D.L., J. P. 
Married : Twice— (i) 1895, to Ellen J. (died 1897), second daughter of Henry 
Ward, of Rodbaston, Staffs., and has issue one daughter : Ahzon Margaret 
Farrer (Ecroyd), born 1896. (2) 1900, to Eliza, third daughter of J. Boyce, of 
Redgrave, Suffolk, and has issue one son and two daughters : William Maurice, 
born 1908 ; Olive Mary, born 1901 ; Frances Joan, born 1905. Occupation : 
Historical Work. Hon. Litt.D. (Manchester University). Director of Abram 
Ambler and Sons, Ltd., Worsted Spinners, Wilsden, near Bradford. Appoint- 
ments : Member of many Archaeological Societies and Royal Agricultural 
Society. Publications : " Lancashire Pipe Rolls and Early Charters " ; 
"Early Yorkshire Charters"; " Clitheroe Court Rolls," and other works; 



136 LANCASHIRE 



joint Editor of the " Victoria County History of Lancashire " (eight volumes). 
Recreations : Topography, diplomatics, shooting, salmon-fishing (Forsjord, 
Vefsen, Norway). Club: Westmorland County, Kendal. Notes : Engaged on 
recruiting for Lanes., Fourth Area. Owns 3,500 acres of land in Lanes., 
Westmorland, and Yorks. Changed his name from Ecroyd by Royal Licence, 
1896. 

FARRINGTON, William Bowker, Solicitor, Commissioner of Oaths. 

Mount Pleasant, Glazebrook. Office : 60, King Street, Manchester. 
(London Agents : Chester, Broome and Griffithes). Born : June 30th, 1880, at 
Manchester ; youngest son of Roger Farrington, of Manchester, and Annie, 
second daughter of Robert Goodwin, of Manchester. Educated : Manchester 
Grammar School, etc. ; passed Final Law Examination, June, 1901. Pro- 
fession : Sohcitor and Commissioner of Oaths, practising on own account in 
Manchester and Cadishead. Appointments : Member of Lanes. Education 
Sub-Committee, sitting at Earlestown ; Manager and Correspondent of Hollins 
Green C. E. School ; Hon. Secretary of Old Mancunians Association since 1911. 
Recreations : Lacrosse, golf, walking. Clubs : Athenaeum and Old Rectory, 
Manchester. Note : Owns land at Glazebrook and Cadishead. 

FEARNLEY, John, Coroner for Bolton, Solicitor, Director of Limited 
Companies. 

" Fern Lea," Longley Road, Walkden, Lanes. ; Mawdsley Street, Bolton. 
Born : January i8th, 1863 ; fifth son of John Fearnley, of Bolton, and Betsy, 
daughter of Thomas Morris, of Bolton (both deceased). Educated : Erskine's 
Private School ; Rivington Old Grammar School ; Booth's Private School. 
Married : To Annie, youngest daughter of Henrj' Hopwood, of St. Helens, 
and has issue two daughters : Annie Dowling, born April 7th, 1894 ; Nora, 
born June 8th, 1897. Profession : Sohcitor ; sole member of firm of Finney, 
Fearnley and Taylor. (London Agents : Chester and Co.). Director of 
Companies. Governing Director of Best and Co., Ltd., Brush Manufacturers, 
Bolton. Appointment : Coroner for County Borough of Bolton, January 14th, 
1907. Recreations : Bowling and billiards. Clubs : Bolton Central Con- 
servative and Walkden Conservative. Notes : Admitted Solicitor in 1889 ; 
a Commissioner for Oaths ; Member of Incorporated Law Society and Bolton 
Law Society. 

FEENY, Peter Joseph, J.P. 

Ardintoul, Blundellsands. Born : 1858, at Liverpool ; son of Owen 
Feeny, of Liverpool. Educated : Ampleforth College. Married : 1883, to 
Margaret Macrae, daughter of the late William Alexander Matheson, J. P., of 
Blundellsands, and has issue one daughter and one son. Appointment : J.P. 
for County of Lancaster, 1905. 

FEILDEN, Major James Hawley Gilbert, Lord of the Manors of 
Blackburn, Livesey, Tockholes, and Balderstone. 

Witton Park, Blackburn. Born : i86o ; third and eldest surviving son 
of Lieut.-Gen. Randle Joseph Feilden, C.M.G., M.P., J.P. (died 1895), of. 
Witton Park, Lanes. Educated: Eton College. Profession: Soldier (Capt.. 
King's Royal Rifle Corps, 1896-1903 ; retired pay, 1903). Recreations: 
Shooting, fishing, golf, travelling, motoring. Clubs : Naval and Military ; 
Wellington ; British Club, Paris. Notes : Lord of the Manors of Blackburn, 
Livesey, Tockholes, and Balderstone : engaged, during the war. on recruiting 
duties, and duty at Carlisle. 



BIOGRAPHIES I37 



FEILDEN, Sir William Henry, fourth Bart. (1846), J. P. 

Dilhorn Hall, Stoke-on-Trent ; Feniscoles, Lanes. Born : 1866 ; eldest 
son of the third Bart, (died 1912). Married: 1891, to Evelyn M., eldest 
surviving daughter of Sir Morton E. Manningham-BuUer, second Bart., and has 
issue one son and two daughters : William M. B., born 1893 (Capt., Derby- 
shire Yeomanry, serving in GaUipoU and Salonika ; mentioned in dispatches, 
Dardanelles, and awarded Military Cross) ; Beatrice Ida ; Cynthia 
Evelyn. Appointment: J. P. for Staffs., 1900. Recreations: Hunting and 
shooting. Clubs : Junior United Service ; Boodles ; Royal Automobile. 
Notes: Major, 3rd Batt. (Mil.), Royal Lanes. Regt., 1899-1903 ; served in 
South African War, 1900 ; Major, 2/ist, Derbyshire Yeomanry, from October, 
1914. 

FENN, Frederick, Licentiate R.I.B.A., People's Warden, St. Peter's 
Church, Levenshulme. 

" Ardath," Central Avenue, Levenshulme, Manchester. Office : 11, Chapel 
Walks, Manchester. 'Phone : City 3773. Born : January 20th, 1866 ; 
at Wolverhampton ; youngest son of Edward and Elizabeth Fenn. Married : 
September 21st, 1891, to Eliza Ada Daniel, only daughter of Samuel and 
Harriet Daniel, of Longsight, Manchester, and has issue two sons and one 
daughter : Hilda, Frederick Daniel, Arthur Samuel. Profession : Architect 
and Surveyor ; Fellow of the Manchester Society of Architects ; Licentiate of 
the Royal Institute of British Architects. Appointments : City Council (C), 
Levenshulme North Ward, November, 1909 ; a Member of the late Levens- 
hulme Urban District Council, April, 1906, to November, 1909 ; Last Chairman 
of the Council ; Manchester Special Constable, Company 83, attached to the 
D. Division, Cavendish Street Station, appointed September, 1914 ; a Member 
of the Levenshulme Committee for Recruiting ; Member of Local Tribunal ; 
Member of the Executive of the Levenshulme Auxiliary Military Hospital ; 
People's Warden, St. Peter's Church, Levenshulme ; twenty-five years Teacher, 
Superintendent, and Manager of St. Paul's Bennett Street Sunday School. 
Manchester ; three years Superintendent of St. Luke's, Chorlton-on-Medlock 
Sunday Evening Ragged School ; formerly Secretary, Chairman, and President 
of the Levenshulme Conservative Association and Club ; Ruling Councillor, 
Primrose League, 1914-1915. Masonic Lodge : P.M. and Treasurer of the 
" Ashton " Lodge, 1140, Heaton Moor, West Lanes. ; Almoner and Charity 
Representative of Semper Paratus Lodge, 3440, Manchester, East Lanes. ; 
Provincial Grand Superintendent of Works, East Lanes. 

FENTON, David, M.B., Ch.B., D.P.H., District Medical Officer. 

Bumside, Witton, Blackburn ; i, St. James' Street. Mill HUl, Blackburn. 
Born : October 15th, 1873, at Forkr, Scotland ; son of John Lowson Fenton, 
of Forfar, and Agnes Lundie, daughter of Alexr. Finlayson, of Arbroath, 
Scotland. Educated : Forfar High School ; Edinburgh and Victoria Uni- 
versities ; M.B., Ch.B., D.P.H. Married : December 23rd, 1903, at Harro- 
gate, to Annie Louisa, fourth daughter of Benjamin Seed, of Horsfield House, 
Harrogate, and Elizabeth, elder daughter of Richard Longhom, of Monk 
Fryston, and has issue one daughter : Constance Marjorie. Appointments : 
Hon. Medical Officer, Blackburn Crippled Children's Convalescent Home ; 
Hon. Medical Adviser, Blackburn Ragged School ; Member of Royal Sanitan,' 
Institute ; Edinburgh Royal Medical Society ; Blackburn and District Medical 
Society ; formerly Assistant-Medical Officer, Newcastle-on-Tyne City Lunatic 
Asylum ; Skipton and District Infectious Diseases Hospital ; Medical Referee 
for Wesleyan and General and other Insurance Societies ; Recognised by the 
Central Midwives' Board as Lecturer in Midwifery to Pupil Midwives ; District 
Medical Officer, and Public Vaccinator for the Mellor District of Blackburn 



138 LANCASHIRE 



Union ; Company Commander (Hon. Medical Ofl&cer), ist North East Lanes. 
Volunteer Regt. Publications : " Contributory Causes of Physical Defects 
in Crippled Children " ; also various contributions to Medical and Lay Press. 
Travelled : On the Continent. Recreations : Music, bowling, motoring. 
Note : Owns property in Blackburn. 

FENTON, Richard Kay, Big Game Hunter and Landowner. 

67, Oakwood Court, Kensington ; Dutton Manor, Longridge, Lanes, 
Born : March 2nd, 1853, at Tymm Hall, Cheshire ; son of James and Helen 
Fenton, of Dutton Manor, Longridge. Educated : Uppingham ; Trinity 
College, Cambridge. Married : 1893, to EUa Mary Williams, daughter of 
the late Rev. High Williams, of Riska, Mon., and has issue one son and one 
daughter : Richard J. Kay Fenton, born 1895 ; Helen Mary, born 1902. 
Travelled : All over Europe and Canada. Recreations : Big game shooting, 
fishing, motoring. Clubs : Royd Automobile and Ranelagh. Notes : Owns 
land in Dutton Manor, Longridge, Lanes. ; Magistrate for Lanes., and Lord 
of the Manors of Dutton Bailey and Ritchester ; Chairman of Preston Rural 
District Council for some years. 

FENWICK, Robert Edward, J.P., Landowner. 

Burrow Hall, near Kirkby Lonsdale. Born : February 26th, 1876, 
at Burrow ; son of the late Thomas Fenwick Fenwick, D.L., J. P., of 
Burrow Hall, and Mary, eldest daughter of John Dugdale, J. P., of Llwyn- 
Llanfyllin, Montgomeryshire. Educated : Privately. Appointments : J. P. 
for Westmorland, 1899; for Lanes., 1907. Travelled: France, Switzerland, 
Italy. Recreation : Shooting. Clubs : Windham, London ; County, 
Lancaster. Notes: Is a large landowner in the Counties of Lanes., Yorks., 
and Westmorland ; Burrow Hall has been in the Fenwick family since 1687. 

FERGUSON, Rev. Robert William, Primitive Methodist Minister, 
ex -County Footballer. 

Elmfield, Lymm, Cheshire. Born : July 13th, 1874, at Birmingham ; 
son of the Rev. Joseph Ferguson, D.D., F.R.A.S., an ex-President of the 
Primitive Methodist Conference, and Mary Ferguson (n^e Williams). Educated: 
Bourne College ; Theological College, Manchester ; London Matric, First Class 
Honours ; Oxford Senior and First Preceptors. Married : July 26th, 1910, 
to Elsie Singleton Dutton, daughter of Henry and Sarah Dutton (nee 
Singleton), and has issue one daughter: Joyce Ferguson. Profession: 
Minister of the Primitive Methodist Connexion. Recreations : Football 
(Captain of Cambridge County for five years), golf, tennis, cricket, gardening. 

FERMOR-HESKETH, Major Thomas, J.P., B.A., Landowner. 

Rufford Hall, near Ormskirk. Born : November 17th, 1881, at Rufford 
Hall, near Ormskirk ; eldest son of Sir Thomas George Fermor-Hesketh, 
Bart., and Lady Fermor-Hesketh. Educated : Eton ; Sandhurst Military 
College ; Cambridge ; B.A. (Cantab.). Married : September 8th, 1909, to 
Florence Louise Breckinridge, daughter of the late J. C. Breckinridge, of San 
Francisco, and grand-daughter of the late General J. C. Breckinridge, Vice- 
President U.S.A., and has issue one son and two daughters : Thomas, Louise, 
Flora. Appointment : J. P. for County of Lancaster. Recreations: Shoot- 
ing and hunting. Clubs : Arthurs ; Bachelors. Masonic Lodge : Isaac 
Newton, 859 ; Castle, Liverpool, 3373. Notes : Formerly Lieut, in Royal 
Horse Guards, now Major in Lanes. Hussars Yeomanry ; Prospective Con- 
servative Candidate for Heywood Division of Lanes. ; owns land at Rufford, 
Hesketh-with-Becconsall. 



BIOGRAPHIES 139 



FFARINGTON, Henry Nowell, Lord of the Manors of Leyland and 
Penwortham, Patron of one Living. 

Worden, Leyland, Preston. Born : 1868, at Wigan, Lanes. ; son of 
Col. Richard Atherton ffarington, V.D., J.P. (died 1910). of Worden, Lanes. 
Educated: M.A. (Oxon.). Profession: Solicitor; admitted 1901. Recrea- 
tion : Meteorology. Club : Royal Societies. Note : Lord of the Manors of 
Leyland and Penwortham. Patron of one living. 

FIELD, Allan Bertram, M.A., B.Sc. (Lond.). 

" Kingslea," Marple, Cheshire ; Municipal School Technology, Man- 
chester. 'Phone : Marple 35. Born : December 28th, 1875, at New Bamet, 
Hertfordshire ; son of James John and Sarah S. Field. Educated: St. John's 
College, Cambridge ; Degrees : M.A., Cambridge ; B.Sc, London. Married : 
September 8th, 191 1, to Virginia Wyoming Pearne, of Cincinnati, Ohio, 
daughter of Thomas Hall and Caroline MacDonald Pearne, and has issue two 
daughters : Carohne and Ellen Kate. Appointments : Fellow American Institute 
Electrical Engineers ; Member of American Society Mechanical Engineers ; 
Institution of Mechanical Engineers ; Institution of Electrical Engineers ; 
Manchester Association of Engineers ; Manchester Literary and 
Philosophical Society ; Member of Senate, Manchester University. 
Author : Contributions to Technical Press and Engineering Societies 
in U.S.A. and England. Club : Engineers, Manchester. Career : In 
engineering shop, and draughting experience in London (Arnold Goodwin 
and Sons, and others) ; 1900 to 1904 with General Electric Co., U.S.A., in 
London, Rugby, and Schenectady, U.S.A. In 1905 became assistant to 
B. A. Behrend, to whose subsequent guidance and influence any success 
achieved later has been due. Behrend was the Chief Electrical Engineer 
to AUis-Chalmers Co., and other Companies in United States. As his 
assistant, Mr. Field became responsible for design of alternators, induction 
motors, etc. In 1909 joined Westinghouse E. and M. Co., of Pittsburg, and was 
there successively engaged on alternator design ; in charge of mechanical 
design of large alternators ; in charge of design of turbo-alternators ; has been 
responsible for the design of alternating current apparatus built, aggregating 
over a milhon K.W. rating and in units up to 20,000 K.W. each. In 1913 
returned to England on account of health. Appointed to Professorship of 
Mechanical Engineering in the University of Manchester in 1914, with privilege 
of consulting practice. 

FIELD, Admiral Sir Arthur Mostyn, K.C.B. (1911), F.R.S., F.R.A.S., 

F.R.G.S. 

Serle's Hill, Twyford, Hants. Office : 56, Victoria Street, London, 
S.W. Born : 1855, at Braybrook, Northants ; youngest son of the late 
Capt. John Bousquet Field, R.N. Educated : Royal Naval School, New Cross. 
H.M.S. Britannia. Married : 1894, to Laura Mary, daughter of the late 
Capt. George Herbert Hale, Bengal Army. Club : United Service, Pall Mall. 
Career: Naval Cadet, 1868; specially promoted Lieut., 1875 ; Commander, 
1889 ; Capt., 1895 ; Rear-Admiral, 1906 ; Vice-Admiral, 1910 ; Admiral, 
1913. Served on H.M. Surveying Ship Fawn, East Coast of Africa and Sea 
of Marmora, 1876-1881 ; Admiralty Surveyor for Survey of Oil Rivers on 
West Coast of Africa, 1881-1882 ; the Sylvia in Straits of Magellan and South- 
east Coast of Africa, 1882-1884 ; commanded H.M. Surveying Ship Dart on 
surveys of South-east Coast of New Guinea and South-east Coast of Tas- 
mania, 1885-1889 ; the Egeria, on surveys of North-east Coast of Borneo, 
Anamba Islands and Straits of Malacca, 1890-1894 ; Penguin, on surveys of 
South-west Pacific, 1896-1899 ; Research, on survey in home waters, 1900- 



140 LANCASHIRE 



1904 ; Hydrographer of the Navy, 1904-1909 ; Admiralty Representative on 
Port of London Authority, from 1909 ; Retired, 1910 ; Admiral on Retired 
List, 1913 ; Acting Conservator of River Mersey, from 1910 ; Nautical Assessor 
to House of Lords, 1910 ; British Government Delegate for Naval Section of 
the International American Scientific Congress, held at Buenos Aires in 1910. 

FIELD, Mark, Solicitor, Director of Insurance Company. 

" Highwood," Caldy, Cheshire. Office : 5, Fenwick Street, Liverpool. 
(London Agents : Walker, Son and Field, Lincoln's Inn, W.C.). Born : 
April 19th, 1861, at Anfield, Liverpool ; son of Samuel Field, formerly of 
Richmond House, Anfield, late of " Oaklands," Chirk, North Wales, and 
Eliza, youngest daughter of Henry Hatten, of Aylesbury, Bucks. Educated : 
Uppingham School. Married : To Christina, youngest daughter of James 
Dickson Park, of 48, Queen's Gate Gardens, London (deceased), late partner 
in the firm of Dickson Brothers and Co., of Gottenburg, Sweden, Timber 
Importers. Profession : Solicitor ; Director of Insurance Co. ; partner in 
the firm of Field, Sons and Harrison, Solicitors and Notaries (successors of 
Carson, Ellis and Field, of Liverpool). Recreations : Cricket (Uppingham 
School Eleven, 1878-1879), fencing, golf. Clubs : Exchange, Liverpool ; 
Royal Liverpool Golf ; Wallasey Golf ; Caldy Golf ; Uppingham Rovers 
Cricket. Notes : Member of the old Oxifordshire family of Field ; landowner 
at Caldy, near West Kirby, Cheshire ; Director, British Law Fire Insurance 
Co. ; Director, Liverpool Canadian Lands, Ltd. ; late Capt., 2nd Volunteer 
Batt., King's (Liverpool) Regt ; Officer in Cheshire Volunteer Regt. (Wirrall 
Batt.). 

FINCH, Major Ernest Gerard, Assistant Solicitor to Mersey Docks 
and Harbour Board. 

22, Ingestre Road, Oxton, Birkenhead ; Dock Office, Liverpool. Born : 
June 23rd, 1869, at Hampstead, London, N.W. ; eldest son of Gerard Brown 
Finch, M.A., Hon. Fellow of Queen's College, Cambridge, and late of Howes 
Close, Cambridge, and Margaret Elizabeth, only daughter of Joshua King, 
late President of Queen's College, Cambridge. Educated : Marlborough Col- 
lege ; Queen's College, Cambridge ; also in Germany and France. Married : 
August 8th, 1894, at Bathford, to Bessie Hamilton, fourth daughter of the 
late Major Wallace Adair, 5th (Northumberland) Fusiliers, and Nora Agnes, 
younger daughter of Dugald Stewart Hamilton, of Mauchline, Ayrshire, and 
has issue two sons : Philip Gerard, born January 15th, 1898 ; Hugh Adair, 
born April 6th, 1899. Appointment : Assistant-Solicitor to the Mersey Docks 
and Harbour Board. Recreations : Rifle shooting, sailing, walking, motor 
cycling. Club : Conservative, Liverpool. Notes : Major in the 9th King's 
(Liverpool) Regt. (T.F.). Holds Board of Trade Certificate of Competency 
as Master of his own yacht. Served with the 8th Batt., Lanes. Fusiliers 
(T.F.) in Egypt, 1914-1915. 

FINCH, Rev. Thomas Ross. 

Penwortham Hall, Preston. Born : 1838, at Staines ; son of Charles 
Finch, of Staines, and Emma Ross. Educated : Highgate Grammar School ; 
Exhibitioner and Gold Medallist ; Scholar and Hody Exhibitioner of 
Wadham College , M.A. (Oxon). Married: 1865, to Caroline M. (died 1911), 
daughter of the late William Marshall, of Penwortham Hall, Lanes., and has 
issue three sons and one daughter. Profession : Rector of Stafford, 1869- 
1875 ; Vicar of Dorrington, Salop, 1877-1890. Recreation : Rowing ; won 
Oxford University Sculls, i860 ; rowed twice in Trial Eights ; Treasurer 
O.U.B.C. Club : Winckley. Preston. Note : Eldest son, Herbert Marshall. 



BIOGRAPHIES 141 



educated at Winchester; joined Royal Berkshire Regt., 1886; served 
through Boer War ; promoted Brevet-Major, three medals and two 
clasps ; wounded in action at Ypres, November 2nd, 1914 ; promoted to 
Lieut.-Colonel and killed in action at Fromelles, May 9th, 1915. 

FINDLAY, Professor Joseph John, M.A., Ph.D., Member of Teachers* 
Registration Council. 

Ruprera, Kent Road, Victoria Park, Manchester. Born : i860, at 
Barton-on-Humber ; son of the Rev. James Findlay, Wesleyan Minister. 
Educated : New Kingswood School, Bath ; Wadham College, Oxford ; M.A. ; 
Universities of Jena and Leipzig. Profession : Professor of Education, and 
Dean of the Faculty of Education, University of Manchester ; Member of 
Teachers' Registration Council. Publications : " Principles of Class Teach- 
ing," " The School " (Home Univer. Library), and other educational 
works. 

FINLAYSON, John Rankine, Merchant, Director of Ashton, Hoare 
and Co., Ltd. 

Whalley Range, Manchester ; 36, Charlotte Street, Manchester. Born : 
At Cambridge ; only son of the late Rev. Thomas Campbell Finlayson, D.D., 
the well-known Congregational Minister and Author (see " Biography," 
Macmillan and Co., 1893). Educated : Manchester Grammar School ; Owens 
College. Married : At Rusholme, to Ellen Sophia, daughter of Robert 
Lakin, of Manchester, and has issue one son and four daughters. Occupa- 
tion : Merchant ; Director of Ashton, Hoare and Co., Ltd. Appointments : 
Chairman of the Trade and Merchandise Marks (Statutory) Committee, 
Manchester Chamber of Commerce; formerly a Director of the Chamber 
(resigned 1916) ; the Vice-President of the Manchester and District 
Congregational Board; formerly Chairman of Committee, now a Vice- 
President of the '95 Club ; a Vice-President of the Old Mancunians Associa- 
tion ; formerly President of the Whalley Range Liberal Association ; 
Member of the Advisory Committee, Manchester (Stretford Division Districts). 
Clubs : Manchester Reform ; '95CIUI5. Notes : A speaker and writer on political 
and social questions ; took a leading part in the formation of the South Man- 
chester Liberal, the Lytham Liberal, and the Old Mancunians Associations ; 
has been active in many movements, including that which placed the " Lytham 
Charities " on an undenominational basis, and that which brought about the 
reform of the Manchester Police Force in 1897 ; has on several occasions 
represented the Manchester Chamber of Commerce before Government Depart- 
ments on Trade Marks and other questions, and in 1912, on behalf of the 
Chamber, gave evidence before the Dominions Royal Commission. 

FISCHER, Theodore. 

The Manor, Manor Drive, West Didsbury. Office : 29, Peter Street, 
Manchester. 'Phone : 477 Didsbury ; 7790 City. Born : May 2nd, 1855 , 
in Sweden. Occupation : Director, Felber, Jucker and Co., Ltd., Manchester ; 
Royal Swedish Consul. Club : National Liberal, London. Note : His son, 
Oscar Fischer, has joined the Royal Engineers (East Lanes.) as private, and 
Theodore, the Royal Fusiliers, as private. 

FISHER, John Henry, M.A., Solicitor. 

10, Gresford Avenue, Sefton Park, Liverpool. Born : September 17th, 
1873, at 3, Albion Terrace, Grantham ; son of the late Francis Dixon Fisher, 
J. P., of Grantham. Educated : King Edward VL School, Grantham, 1SS2- 
1892 ; St. Catharine's College, Cambridge (Senior Open Scholar), 1892-1895 ; 



142 LANCASHIRE 



B.A., 1895 ; Second Class, Classical Honours ; M.A., 1899. Married : April 
20th, 1910, at St. Paul's Presbyterian Church, South Shields, to Hannah 
Clayton, fourth daughter of the late George Robson, M.I.N. A., of South Shields. 
Profession : Solicitor. Recreations : Lawn tennis, formerly football, cricket, 
boating. Clubs : Junior Conservative, Liverpool ; Life Member, Cambridge 
Union. NoUs : Partner in the firm of Harling, Fisher and Houghton, Sohci- 
tors, of 26, North John Street, Liverpool. (London Agents : Lowless and Co.) 
Was Assistant-Master, King's School, Pontefract, Yorkshire, 1895-1896 ; 
Senior Classical Master, Warrington Grammar School, 1896-1899. 

FISHWICK, Lieut. -Colonel Henry, J.P., F.S.A., Alderman, Author, 
Landowner. 

The Heights, Rochdale. Born: March 9th, 1835, at Rochdale; son of 
Henry Halliwell Fishwick and Jane Fishwick, of Brovvnhill, Rochdale. Edu- 
cated : Bury Grammar School. Married : At Truro, Cornwall, to Ellen, 
daughter of W. H. Bullmore, M.D., of Truro, Cornwall, and has issue one son 
and four daughters : Henrietta, Caroline, Janet, Florence Elizabeth, James 
Halliwell. Profession : Author. Publications : " The Lancashire Library " ; 
" A History of Lancashire"; " History of Rochdale"; " History of Preston," 
and many other works. Appointments : J. P. for County of Lancaster, 1889 ; 
Borough of Rochdale, 1874 ; Alderman, 1871 ; Mayor, 1903-1905. Travelled : 
Greater part of Europe. Recreation : Fishing. Club : The Arts, Manchester. 
Notes : Vice-President of the Associations of Education Committees of England 
and Wales, Owns lands in Rochdale. Lieut. -Col. Fishwick died September, 
1914. 

FITTON, James, J.P., Musical Composer. 

399, Burnley Lane, Chadderton, near Oldham. Born : May 9th, 1852, 
at Chadderton Fold, near Oldham ; son of Thomas and Elizabeth Fitton, 
of Chadderton Fold, near Oldham. Educated : Primitive Methodist Sunday 
School, Heald's Green, Chadderton. Married : July 14th, 1875, at Primitive 
Methodist Church, Henshaw Street, Oldham, to Jane, eldest daughter of 
James and Martha Whittaker, of Chadderton, Oldham, and has issue one 
daughter : Alice, born April 22nd, 1876. Profession : Musical Composer. 
Appointments : J. P. for County of Lancaster, November, 1908 ; Member of 
Chadderton Urban District Council, December, 1894, to date ; President of 
Chadderton Band of Hope Union, since inauguration (1903) ; President of 
Beautiful Chadderton Society since inauguration (1908) ; Life Insurance Agent. 
Publications : Composer of several anthems and hymn tunes. Recreation : 
Bowls. 

FITZHERBERT-BROCKHOLES, William Joseph, J.P., D.L., C.A. 

Claughton Hall, Garstang, Lanes. Born : May 29th, 1851, at Brighton ; 
second son of Francis Fitzherbert, of Swynnerton, and Maria Teresa, daughter 
of the late John Vincent Gandolfi, of East Sheen, Surrey. Educated : St. 
Mary's College, Oscott. Married : Twice — (i) to Mary Ida, second daughter of 
he late Robert Berkeley, of Spetchley Park, Worcester (died 1883). (2) 1885, 
to Blanche, second daughter of the late Major-General the Hon. Sir Henry 
Hugh Chfford, V.C, C.B., K.C.M.G., and has issue four sons and four 
daughters : Thomas Joseph, born 1887 (Captain, Rifle Brigade) ; John 
William, bom 1889 (Capt., Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry) ; Roger 
Hubert, born 1891 (Lieut. R.N.) ; Cuthbert, born 1899 ; Mary Teresa (married 
1914, John Neve Allison) ; Dorothy Mary Catherine (married 1812, Lieut. - 
Col. R. Longueville, late Coldstream Guards) ; Winifrede Mary ; Audrey 
Mary. Appointments : J. P., D.L., C.A. ; elected on Lanes. County Council 
at its inception in 1888, and subsequently a County Alderman at the first 



i 



BIOGRAPHIES 143 



election of Aldermen ; Chairman, Lanes. Farmers' Association ; Member of 
Council of Royal Lanes. Agricultural Society ; a Governor of the Agricultural 
Org. Society, and Delegate to the Central Chamber of Agriculture and other 
bodies ; Chairman of the Diseases of Animals Acts Committee of the Lanes. 
County Council ; Member of the British Ornithologists' Union. Travelled : 
Europe and New Zealand. Recreations : Hunting, shooting, ornithology. 
Clubs : Junior Carlton and Wellington, London. Notes : Owns land in 
Lancashire. His eldest son, Capt. Thomas Joseph Fitzherbert-Brockholes, was 
Adjt. of the 2nd Batt., Rifle Brigade, which was in India when the war broke 
out. The battalion was recalled, went to France in November, 19 14, and 
Capt. Brockholes was killed at the battle of Neuve Chapelle the following 
March. He was mentioned in Sir John French's despatch of May 31st, 1915, 
for his services. His second son, Capt. John William Fitzherbert-Brockholes, 
was in the Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry when war broke out, and the 
regiment was mobilised. He went to France in May, 1915, with a squadron 
of his regiment, which was attached to the 14th Division as Divisional Cavalry. 
His third Son, Roger Hubert, is a Lieut, in the Royal Navy. Has no other 
son of military age. Being long past military age himself, he has done what 
lay in his power to be of service since the war broke out. 

FLAMANK, Colonel John Arthur, Past Director of Liverpool Cotton 
Association. 

" Alwyns," Holly Road, Fairfield, Liverpool. Office : 36, Exchange 
Street, East, Liverpool. 'Phone : Central 61. Telegrams : " Kearsley." 
Born : October 14th, 1857, ^t Liverpool ; eldest surviving son of Samuel 
Flamank and Maria Bird. Educated : Liverpool College Upper School. 
Occupation : Past Director of the Liverpool Cotton Association, Ltd. Club : 
Conservative. Note : Late Col. commanding V.D., 6th Lanes. Royal Gar- 
rison Artillery. 

FLEETWOOD-HESKETH, Major Charles Hesketh. M.A., J.P., D.L., 
Lord of the Manor. 

Meols Hall, North Meols, Southport ; Stocken Hall, Stretton, Oakham. 
Born : 1871, at Hart Hill, Allerton, Co. Lancaster ; only surviving son of the 
late John Bibby, of Hart Hill, Liverpool, and his second wife, Anna Maria 
Emily Fleetwood, daughter of the Rev. Chas. Hesketh, M.A., Rector and 
Lordof the Manor of N. Meols. Educated: Eton; Trinity College, Cambridge ; 
M.A. (Cantab.). Married: 1900, to Anne Dorothea, eldest daughter of the 
late Sir Thomas Brocklebank, second Bart., and has issue three sons and three 
daughters : Roger Fleetwood, Charles Peter Fleetwood, Francis Cuthbert 
Bold, Lucy Fleetwood, Margaret Joan Mary, Elizabeth Dorothea Maud. 
Profession: Barrister, Inner Temple, 1895. Appointments: D.L., J. P.. 
for Lanes. ; Sheriff, 1901. Clubs : R.Y.S. ; Boodles. Notes : Served with 
Imperial Yeomanry, South African War, 1900 ; Hon. Lieut, in the Army, 
1900 ; Major, Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry. Rejoined old Regiment 
in 1914, from which he retired in 1913, and is now serving on Staff of 
66th (East Lanes.) Division as D.A.Q.M.G. Took the name of Hesketh, 
1899, on the death of his grandmother, and Fleetwood in 1907. Lord of 
the Manor of N. Meols, and Patron of seven Uvings. 

FLEMING, Rev. John, President of National Union of Christian 
Endeavour, Minister of United Methodist Church. 

16, Wellington Street East, Higher Broughton, Manchester. Born : 
October 21st, 1859, ^^ Cassop Moor, Durham ; son of John and Ann Fleming. 
Educated : Privately ; Ranmoor and Firth Colleges, Shefl&eld. Married : 



144 LANCASHIRE 



June loth, 1890, to S. J. Drabble, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Alexander 
Drabble, of Pilsley, and has issue two sons and two daughters : Margaret 
Ros£dind, John, Olive Mary, Ronald Andrew. Profession : Minister of 
United Methodist Church. Appointments : President of the National Union 
of Christian Endeavour, May, 1915 ; was Chairman of the Longton School 
Board for three years, also four years on the Education Committee of the 
Huddersfield Borough Council ; three years Chairman of the Governors of 
Oldbury Tabernacle School. Recreations : Cycling and golf. 

FLETCHER, Alfred, J.P., D.L. 

Allerton, Liverpool ('Phone : 27 Gateacre). Born : 1841, at Parkside, 
Liverpool ; son of William and Mary Fletcher. Educated : Winchester. 
Married : 1868, to Edith, daughter of Thomas Lushdale, D.L., J. P., of High- 
field, Liverpool, and has issue five sons and two daughters : E. Mabel (married 
Sir L. Sanderson, Chief Justice of Bengal) ; Dorothy Noel (married Capt. 
Douglas Greenshields) ; Lieut.-Col. W. A. L. Fletcher, D.S.O. ; Sir E. Lionel 
Fletcher, Hon. Commander, R.N.R. ; Lieut.-Col. Geoffrey L. Fletcher ; Major 
Bolton L. Fletcher, Scots Guards ; 2nd Lieut. H. M. Fletcher, Lanes. Hussars, 
A.D.C. Appointments : J. P., 1874 ; Director of the London and North- 
western Railway ; Director of the Liverpool, London and Globe Insurance 
Co. Clubs : Junior Carlton, Palatine. Masonic Lodge : 32, St. George's 
Lodge of Harmony. 

FLETCHER, Rev. Denis, M.A. (Oxon), formerly Senior Curate of 
Rochdale Parish Church, now Chaplain to the Forces. 

184, Drake Street, Rochdale. Born: November 6th, 1881, at The Hindles, 
Atherton ; son of Ralph and Fanny Fletcher, of Atherton. Educated : Rossall 
School; Queen's College, Oxford ; B.A., 1905 ; M.A., 1907. Appointments: 
Curate at St. Wilfrid's (The Rossall Mission), Newton Heath, Manchester, 
from 1906-1912 ; Senior Curate, Rochdale Parish Church. Now Chaplain to 
the Forces (Lanes. Fusiliers), at present in Egypt. Recreations : Hockey, 
cricket, lawn tennis. Club : Old Rectory, Manchester. 

FLETCHER, Sir Edward Lionel, ex-Chairman of Liverpool Steam- 
ship Owners' Association. 

" Muirshiel," Lochwinnoch, N.B. ('Phone : Lochwinnoch No. 15) ; 
Parkfield, Potters Bar ('Phone : Barnet No. 421). Offices : 30, James Street, 
Liverpool ('Phone : Central 933 ; Telegrams : Inter Fleet, Liverpool) ; 
38, Leadenhall Street, London ('Phone : Avenue 6720 ; Telegrams : " Lerum," 
London). Born : May 24th, 1876, at Allerton, Liverpool ; son of Alfred 
Fletcher, J. P., D.L., and Edith Fletcher. Educated: Eton and Cheam. 
Married : February 21st, 1903, to Mary, only daughter of Gilbert Thompson 
Bates and Charlotte Thaxter Bates, and has issue one son and two daughters : 
Alfred Lionel Bruce, Esmee Lyonelle, Pauline Rosemarie. Recreations : 
Rifle shooting, Eton Ashburton Shield, 1893 ; won Silver Medal, Queen's 
Prize, 1898 ; shot four times in Final of Queen's and King's Prizes ; shot 
eight times for England in International Matches. Game shooting ; lawn 
tennis. Clubs : Carlton, Junior Carlton, Royal Automobile. Notes : 
Knighted June 3rd, 1915, for services rendered in connection with the Ex- 
peditionary Force. Commander Royal Naval Reserve (Hon.) ; Retired Capt., 
6th (Rifle) Batt., The King's (Liverpool) Regt, Career : Director, Dalgety 
Co., Ltd. ; Director, George Thompson and Co., Ltd. ; Director, Shaw Savil 
and Albion Co., Ltd. ; Director, Millers Point Stevedoring Co., Ltd., N.S.W, ; 
Liverpool Director, Oceanic Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. ; Joint-Manager, 
White Star Line, American Line, and Dominion Line ; Chairman, Liverpool 
Steamship Owners' Association in 1912. 



BIOGRAPHIES 145 



FLETCHER, Rev. George Charles, M.A., Vicar of St. Peter's, 
Blackburn. 

St. Peter's Vicarage, Blackburn. Born : October 17th, 1859. at Derry 
Hill Vicarage, Wiltshire ; son of Henry Mordaunt Fletcher and Charlotte 
Fletcher. Educated : Highgate School ; Brasenose College, Oxford ; M.A. 
Profession : Vicar of St. Peter's, Blackburn. Travelled : September, 1902, to 
September, 1903, in Cape Colony, doing Missionary work. Notes : Great- 
grandson of Mrs. Fletcher, of Lancrigg. 

FLETCHER, Norman, J.P., Mining Engineer. 

The Hollins, Bolton. Born : 1877, at Waterhead, Ambleside ; eldest son 
of Walter and Ehza Fletcher, of Shanklin, Isle of Wight. Married : 1903, 
to Jessie, daughter of F. B. Mallett, M.D., of Bolton, and has issue one 
daughter: Nancy. Occupation: Mining Engineer. Appointment: J. P. for 
Lanes., 1907. Recreations : Fishing and shooting. Note : Served eight 
months, last year, with British Red Cross in Flanders, and is now in command 
of a motor ambulance convoy in France. 

FLETCHER, Robert Crompton, Yen. Archdeacon of Blackburn, M.A. 
(Cantab.). 

The Rectory, Chorley, Lanes. 'Phone : 140 Chorley. Telegrams : 
Archdeacon, Chorley, Lanes. Born : December 9th, 1850, at Fremantle, 
W. Australia ; eldest son of the late Rev. Matthew Fox Fletcher, of Tarleton 
Rectory, Lanes., and Louisa Jane Crompton, daughter of Andrew Todd, 
of Lower Darley Hall. Educated : Rossall ; Sidney Sussex College, Cam- 
bridge ; M.A. (Cantab.). Married: Twice— (i) 1878, to Nina Helen (died 
1904), eldest daughter of Henry RawcUffe, J.P., of GiUibrand Hall, Lanes., 
and has issue three sons and five daughters. (2) 1909, to Jessie, youngest 
daughter of the late James Knowles, of Eagley Bank, Bolton, and widow of 
the Rev. J. Tyas, Vicar of Padiham. Profession : Archdeacon of Blackburn 
from 1901 ; Rector of Chorley, from 1907. Appointments : Alderman of Lanes. 
County Council since 1889 ; Surrogate of Diocese of Manchester, since 1888 ; 
Vice-Chairman, Lanes. County Education Committee, from 1903. Recrea- 
tions : Turning, rowing, cycling. Club : The Royal Societies. Career : 
He was ordained in 1874 ; Assistant Master of King William's College, Isle of 
Man, from 1872-1873 ; Curate of Tarleton from 1874-1875, and Rector and Vicar 
of Tarleton, from 1875-1907 ; was then appointed Rector of Chorley, Lanes 
Formerly Chairman of the West Lanes. Rural District Council (resigned 
1901), and Chairman of the Public Health Committee of the Lanes. County 
Council (also resigned 1901). 

FLETCHER, Thomas, Cotton Mill Manager, Director. 

West Dene, Ashton-under-Lyne. 'Phone : No. 8. Born : August 8th, 
1864, at Ashton-under-Lyne ; son of Charles and Jane Fletcher. Educated : 
Commercial education; London City and Guilds Certificate in Cotton Spin- 
ning. Married : October 17th, 1885, to Annie Sellers, daughter of Thos. 
and Ehzabeth Sellers, and has issue one son : Arthur (now training in Lord 
Derby's Pals, Royal Field Artillery). Occupation : Cotton Mill Manager ; 
Director at Harper Twist Spinning Co., Ltd. Recreations : Motoring and golf. 
Clubs : Belongs to two pohtical clubs. Masonic Lodge : Royal Edward, 
1088, Cheshire. 

FLETCHER, William, J.P., Director of Iron Manufacturing Company. 

Spring View, Upper Whitley, Warrington. Telegrams : Norcott Brook, 
Warrington. Born : In Cheshire ; son of Richard and Elizabeth Fletcher 
(nee Jackson). Married : Mary, daughter of the late John Burgess, J. P., of 



146 LANCASHIRE 



Warrington. Occupation : Director, Monks Hall, Ltd., Iron Manufacturers, 
Warrington ; Director, Taylor's Automatic Disinfector Co., Liverpool ; 
Director, Warrington Land Co. Ltd. Appointment : J. P. for Cheshire, 1909. 
Recreations : Fruit growing and gardening. 

FLETCHER, William Hall, Solicitor. 

257, Tonge Moor Road, Bolton ; 39, Mawdsley Street, Bolton. Born : 
December 27th, 1883, at Terton ; third and youngest son of James Fletcher 
(deceased), of The Laurels, Tonge Moor Road, Bolton, and Annie, daughter 
of John White, of Ince, Cheshire. Educated : Bolton Municipal Secondary 
School. Married : September ist, 1910, at Bank Street Unitarian Chapel, 
Bolton, to Gertrude, fourth and youngest daughter of Frederick Bottomley, 
of Lille, France, formerly of Bolton, and Alice, daughter of John Knowles 
(deceased), of Bolton, and has issue one daughter : Mally, born April 15th, 
1912. Profession : Solicitor. Recreations : Football, cricket, billiards. 
Club : Conservative. 

FLOYD, Rev. Thomas Earl, Vicar of Middleton Junction. 

The Vicarage, Middleton Junction. Born : December 7th, 1865, at Staly- 
bridge ; eldest son of the Rev. Thomas Floyd, M.A., T.C.D., first Vicar of Holy 
Trinity, Stalybridge, 1847-1875 (died 1875), and Betsy Ann, only daughter 
of John Whitehead, of Saddleworth, Yorkshire (died 1891). Educated: St. 
Edmund's School, Canterbury ; Owens CoUege, Manchester ; Scholae Episcopi, 
Manchester. Married : October nth, 1894, at St. Paul's, Winchmore Hill, 
London, N., to Eliza Ila, only daughter of WiUiam Henry Hope, of New 
Forest Estate, PusseUava, Ceylon, and Margaret Ann, only daughter of Capt. 
George Piton, R.N., and has issue one son : Thomas Hope, born February 
24th, 1896. Profession : Vicar of Middleton Junction. Appointments : 
Deacon, 1892 ; Priest, Manchester, 1893 ; Curate, Holy Trinity, Bolton-le- 
Moors, 1892-1896 ; Irlam, 1896-1898 ; St. John's, Darwen, 1898-1899 ; 
Skelmersdale, 1899-1900 ; Chorlton-cum-Hardy, 1900-1904 ; Vicar of Ash- 
worth and Chaplain of Bury Union, 1904-1910. Recreations : Gardening, 
walking, music, chess, bowls, etc. Club : Old Rectory, Manchester. Notes : 
Family descent can be traced from Jacobite ancestors, who accompanied 
James H. into exile at St. Germains. The Rev. T. E. Floyd's son, Thomas 
Hope Floyd, enlisted in the 29th (Public School) Batt., Royal Fusiliers, and 
was afterwards offered a Commission in the 5th Royal Lancashire FusUiers. 

FOGG, Charles Harry, Conductor for Dramatic and Operatic 

Societies. 

Springfield, 470, Moss Lane East, Manchester. 'Phone : 448 Rusholme. 
Born : At Manchester ; son of William and Hannah Fogg. Married : Sep- 
tember 5th, 1894, to Miss Jeanne Sadler, professionally known ais Madame 
Sadler Fogg, and has issue one son and one daughter : Eric (a chorister at 
the Manchester Cathedral) ; Gladys Evleyn (in Miss Horniman's company at 
the Gaiety Theatre, Manchester). Occupation : Organist at the Halle Con- 
certs ; Organist and Choirmaster of St. Mary's Church, Crumpsall ; Conductor 
of the Athenaeum Dramatic and Operatic Society, the Altrincham Orchestral 
Society, and the Crumpsall Male Voice Choir and Ladies' Choir ; Adjudicator 
at Musical Festivals. Publications : Songs and part songs, all frequently 
performed ; Orchestral scores in MS., and a full Morning and Evening Service 
and Communion. Recreations : Bowls, and interested in Fine Arts, Club : 
Athenaeum. Career : For over thirty years in the musical profession as a 
teacher of Pianoforte and Singing. Accompanist and Organist. Composer of 



BIOGRAPHIES 147 



many pieces, performed by the Halle Orchestra, in Manchester ; the Dan 
Godfrey's Orchestra, at Bournemouth; Mr. Payne's Llandudno Orchestra, 
etc. Visited the United States and Canada before marriage. Played at the 
Elgar Festival, at Co vent Garden, under Dr. Richter. 

FORBES, William Scott, Retired Calico Printer, and ex-Mayor of 
Eccles. 

Manor Heath, EUesmere Park, Eccles. Born : June 3rd, 1849, at Glas- 
gow ; son of Thomas and Ann Forbes, of Stanley Place, Glasgow. Educated : 
Millen's and Leiper's Academies. Married : At Stratford, to Victoria A. 
Hooper, youngest daughter of the late T. J. Hooper, of Manchester. Travelled: 
All over Europe. Recreations : Reading, walking, etc. Club : Reform, 
Manchester. Notes : Mayor of Eccles, 1911-1913 ; collected £8,000 for exten- 
sion of Eccles Hospital, and laid Foundation Stone, January, 1912 ; received 
King George and Queen Mary, July 12th, 1913, when their Majesties visited 
the town. 

FORD, Ven. Archdeacon George A., M.A., Surrogate (Chester). 

Rectory, Bebington ; Birkenhead, Liverpool. Born : 1858, at Maccles- 
field, Cheshire ; son of the Rev. A. Ford and E. C. H. Ford (nee Dobbin). 
Educated : Royal Institution School, Colguitt Street, Liverpool ; Trinity 
College, Dublin ; B.A., 1881 ; M.A., 1899 ; Fellow of Allahabad University, 
U.P. India. Married : 1890, to Ellen I. Barrett, daughter of the Rev. J. M. 
Barrett, M.A., Canon of Lincoln, and has issue three sons and two daughters : 
Kenneth G. H. (Lieut, and M. G. Officer, Cheshire Regt., killed in action, 
France, December ist, 1915), Margaret Patricia, Bridget Audrey 
Christina, Terence Gilbert BroweU. Appointments: Lately member of 
Standing Committee, S.P.G. ; Hon. Secretary (appointed by Archbishop of 
Canterbury) on European Schools in India Improvement Association ; Surro- 
gate for Diocese of Chester ; Commissary in England to the Bishop of Lucknow. 
Publications : " Church Work in the Diocese of Lucknow," 1900 ; Editor, 
Diocesan Gazette, Lucknow. Clubs : Junior Oxford and Cambridge, Pall 
Mall. Masonic Lodge : Late " Independence with Philanthropy," Allahabad ; 
P. Grand Chaplain, Mark, Bengal. Notes : Senior Chaplain and Archdeacon, 
H.M. Indian Ecclesiastical EstabUshment (retired) ; holds Indian Frontier 
Medal and Clasp. Member of Advisory Sub-Committee for Higher Bebington 
U.D.C. ; Chairman, Distress Committee, P.W.F., Bebington. 

FORD, Thomas Benson Pease, J.P. for Lanes, and W.R. Yorks. 

Lower Bentham, Lancaster. 'Phone : 5 Bentham. Born : 1846 ; son 
of Robert Lawson Ford, of Adel Grange, near Leeds, and Hannah Ford. 
Married : 1872, to the daughter of William Walker, of Leeds, and has issue 
two sons and three daughters : Elizabeth Lucy, Sibille Ormston, Margaret 
Lawson, Rawlinson Charles, Gervase Lawson. Occupation : Silk Spinner. 
Appointments : J.P. for Lanes., 1894 ; for W.R. Yorks, 1894 ; Alderman 
of W.R.C.C, ; Chairman of W.R. Insurance Committee, and of W.R. PubUc 
Health Committee. Club : National Liberal, Whitehall Place. 

FORRESTER, Peter, General Manager, Union Bank of Manchester 

" Morningside," Dunham Massey, Cheshire. Office : Union Bank of 
Manchester, Ltd., York Street, Manchester. Born : February ist. 1864, at 
Liverpool ; son of Peter Forrester. Educated : Privately, Occupation : 
General Manager, Union Bank of Manchester. Appointment : Member, 
Statistical Society. Recreation : Golf. Clubs : Clarendon ; Manchester 
Reform. 



148 LANCASHIRE 



FORSHAW, Thomas Herbert, Solicitor, Commissioner of Oaths, 
Director of Public Company. 

" Neuveville," Liverpool Road, Birkdale. Office : 29, Ford Street, 
Bolton. Born : March 5th, 1877, at Bolton ; eldest son of William Forshaw, 
of Bolton (died 1906), and Matilda (died 1905), youngest daughter of William 
Bridge, of Bolton. Educated : Bolton Grammar School. Married : August 
i8th, 1906, at Berne, Switzerland, to Alice Elise, only daughter of Henri 
Auberson, of Neuveville, Canton de Berne, Switzerland, and Elise, eldest 
daughter of Alexandre de Stirler, of Koniz, Berne, Switzerland, and has issue 
one son and one daughter : Helvetia, born November 7th, 1907 ; John 
Auberson, born July 6th, 1909. Profession : Solicitor and Commissioner of 
Oaths. Appointment : Director of The Alliance Cotton Co., Ltd. Travelled : 
Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Italy, Belgium, France. Recreation : Golf. 
Club : Conservative, Bolton. Masonic Lodge : 2295, Southport. 

FORSTER, Alderman John, J.P., Engineer. 

Cowley Hill, St. Helens, Lanes. Born : December 23rd, 1853, at St. 
Helens ; son of Samuel and Mary Forster, of St. Helens, Lanes. Educated : 
Farnworth Grammar School. Married : 1878, at St. Helens, to Esther, 
daughter of William and Ellen Torist, of St. Helens, and has issue four sons 
and one daughter : Nellie, born 1878 ; Walter, born 1880 ; William Alfred, 
born 1885 ; John Stanley, born 1888 ; Arthur Clarence, born 1891. Occu- 
pation : Engineer. Appointments : J. P. for County of Lancaster, and J. P. 
and Alderman for County Borough of St. Helens ; Councillor, 1884 ; Alder- 
man, 1899 ; Mayor of St. Helens, 1900 ; Vice-Chairman, St. Helens War 
Committee ; Chairman, LocaJ Tribunal. Travelled : South Africa, America, 
Canada, China, Japan. Recreation : Golf. Clubs : National Liberal, London ; 
Junior Reform, Liverpool. Notes : Daughter married J. J. Buchan, M.D., 
Medical Officer for the City of Bradford, Yorks. ; son Walter married Grace 
Tripp, of Tulse Hill, London ; son William Alfred married Margery L. 
Story, of Bradford ; third son, J. Stanley Forster, and fourth son Arthur 
C. Forster, are Lieuts. in the ist West Lanes. Brigade, R.F.A. ; sons Walter 
and William Alfred are superintending Engineering Departments making 
munitions. 

FORTAY, James Butler, Professor of Music. 

5, Abercromby Terrace, Oxford Street, Liverpool. Born : October 26th, 
1856 ; youngest son of Alexander and Ann Fortay, of London and Liverpool. 
Married : To Mary, daughter of John and Sarah Worth, of Kingsbridge, 
Devonshire, and widow of Capt. H. Millard, of Liverpool (died March, 1909). 
Occupation : Composer, Organist, and Pianist. Publications : Author of 
numerous articles on music and musicians which have appeared in the Liverpool 
Courier. Recreations : Chess, reading, walking. Career : Composer, organist, 
and pianist. Studied under Dr. Rohner, of Liverpool, and Daniel C. Browne; 
organist when a boy. At the age of twenty-two was appointed, after public 
competition, organist and choirmaster of Emmanuel Church, Everton, which 
position he held for over twelve years. Subsequently held similar appoint- 
ments at St. Michael's-in-the-Hamlet Church, and since 1898 to the present 
time, at Trinity Presbyterian Church, Bootle. Is the composer of the songs, 
among others, " Star of My Life " (words and music) ; "A Child of the City " 
(words by his wife) ; " When I Survey the Wondrous Cross " ; " Old Iron- 
sides " ; " Night and Morning " ; several books of music for the Harmonium 
and American Organ. Pianoforte and Organ pieces; "Hymns of the Church," 
a collection of tunes. Is a contributor of original composition to the Church 
of England Hymnal ; Methodist Hymn Book ; Welsh Calvinistic Hymn Book ; 
Bristol Tune Book (Chant and Anthem Section) ; and other publications. 



BIOGRAPHIES 149 



For twenty years, commencing 1891, lectured upon musical topics for the 
Liverpool Corporation at their series of Free Lectures ; has lectured also before 
large audiences for the Corporation of Bootle, and in various parts of England. 
One wintry night, while suffering from a severe cold, he went to lecture at 
Bebington, Cheshire. When he reached the hall, he discovered that the packet 
containing his lecture notes and music was missing. Search was at once 
made, which proved fruitless. He delivered the lecture, which was on 
" English Music," entirely without notes, and played the illustrative music 
on the pianoforte from his artistes' copies. 

FORWOOD, Sir William Bower, Kt. (1883), D.L., J.P., Hon. Freeman 
of Liverpool. 

Bromboro' Hall, Cheshire. Born : 1840, at Liverpool ; second son of 
T. B. Forwood, J. P., of Thornton Manor, Cheshire. Educated : Liverpool 
College; Worksop. Married: Twice — (i) 1862, to Mary (died 1896), only 
daughter of the late W. Miles Moss, of Liverpool ; (2) 1898, to Elizabeth C, 
third daughter of the late Major-Gen. Hughes Le Fleming, D.L., J. P., of 
Rydal Hall, Westmorland. Appointments : President, Chamber of Com- 
merce, 1871-1876 ; of Philomathic Society, 1868-1869 ; Chairman of Library 
Committee, 1890-1908 ; of Quarter Sessions, 1890-1911 ; of Liverpool Cathedral 
Committee, 1901-1913. Liverpool Town Council, Pitt Street Ward, 1868- 
1880 ; Alderman, 1880 ; Mayor, 1880-1881 ; Lord Mayor, 1903 ; D.L., J. P.. 
for Lanes. ; Sheriff, 1909 ; J. P. for Cheshire ; Hon. Freeman of Liverpool. 
Publications : Sundry pamphlets and articles on economic subjects. Club : 
Junior Carlton. 

FOX, Edward Joseph, F.R.C.S. (Eng.), B.Sc. (Lond.). 

12, Rylands Street, Warrington. Born : August ist, 1873. at Warring- 
ton ; son of Edward Austin Fox, of Holly Bank, New Brighton, Cheshire, 
and Mary, daughter of David Green, of Warrington (both deceased). Edu- 
cated : Stonyhurst ; Owens College, Manchester ; St. Bartholomew's ; B.Sc. 
(London) ; F.R.C.S. (England). Married : June 8th, 1901, at Colwyn Bay, 
to Elizabeth, daughter of the late William Owen, F.R.LB.A., and Margaret 
Owen, daughter of Henry Segar, of Penketh Hall, Warrington, and has 
issue three sons and one daughter : Edward Owen, born October 17th, 1902 ; 
John Arnold, born September 19th, 1904 ; Wilmett Mary, born October 22nd, 
1906 ; Paul Maurice, born May 9th, 1911. Appointment : Hon. Surgeon, 
Warrington Infirmary. 

FOX, Michael John, Physician and Surgeon, J. P. 

Thornleigh, Blackburn Road, Accrington. 'Phone : No. 2792. Born : 
1846, at St. Helens, Lanes. ; son of Edward and Maria Fox, of Ireland. 
Married : 1872, to Elizabeth M. Riley, daughter of Henry and Ellen Riley, 
and has issue two sons and five daughters : Joseph, Gertrude, Agnes Mary, 
Theresa, Clare, Henry, Bernadette, Profession : Physician and Surgeon 
(consulting). Appointments : J. P. for Lanes., 1912 ; also J. P. for the 
Borough of Accrington. Notes : Surgeon Lieut.-Col. Lanes. Volunteer 
R.F.A. (retired), V.D. One son serving, Capt. in R.A.M.C. 

FOX, Councillor Tom, General Secretary, British Labour Amalga- 
mation. 

242, Plymouth Grove, Manchester. 'Phone : 1141 Rusholme. Born : 
i860, at Staiybridge ; son of James and Ellen Fox. Educated : St. Peter's 
Day School ; Castle Hall Day Schools ; Evening Classes. Mechanics' Institute. 
Staiybridge. Married : January 19th, 1891. to Mary Elizabeth Green, 



150 LA^XASH1RE 



daughter of George and Mary Green, and has issue five sons and one daughter : 
Mary Ellen (Nellie), John, Thomas, WiUiam, Harold, Albert. Occupation : 
General Secretary, British Labour Amalgamation ; Secretary, Lanes, and 
Cheshire Federation of Trades Councils. Appointments : Elected Member of City 
Council (Labour), Bradford Ward, Manchester, February i6th, 1904. Recrea- 
tion : Public Municipal work. Notes : Is a member of the Manchester Local 
Tribunal and the Soldiers' and Sailors' Families Association, Manchester 
Central Branch. His eldest son, John, in the i/i6th (Pals) Manchester Regt. ; 
second son, Thomas, in the 3rd King's Own Hussars (Regulars). 

FOYSTER, William Herbert, Solicitor, Clerk to the Justices, 

Director of Insurance Companies. 

" Bramcote," Parkfield Road, Didsbury. Office : 40, Brazenose Street, 
Manchester ; Town Hall, Salford. Born : April 6th, 1870, at Manchester ; 
eldest son of John Asher Foyster (deceased), of " Ashfield," Upper Brook 
Street, Manchester, and Cecilia, eldest daughter of William Nicholson, of 
Brigg, Lincolnshire. Educated : Lancing College ; London Matriculation. 
Married : April 3rd, 1902, at Southport, to Catharine Annie, eldest daughter 
of Campbell Hulton Sadler, Deputy-Clerk of the Peace for Lanes, (deceased), 
and has issue one daughter : Eileen Sehna, born February 5th, 1904. Pro- 
fession : Solicitor ; Clerk to the Justices ; Director of Insurance Cos. 
Appointments : Clerk to the Justices of Salford ; Notary. Publicaiions : 
Has written several magisterial works. Travelled : France, Germany, Den- 
mark, Sweden, Spain, Portugal, Norway. Recreations : Golf, cycling, etc. 
Club : Constitutional, Manchester. Notes : Retired Major, 3rd Volunteer 
Batt., Lanes. Fusiliers ; Director, British Law Fire Insurance Co., Ltd., English 
and Scottish Law Life and Eagle Insurance Co. (Local Boards) ; Notary Public. 

FRANCE, Charles Frederic, J. P., Medical Practitioner. 

Dicconson House, Wigan ('Phone : No. 198). Born : June 13th, 
1869, at Wigan ; son of William Stephen and Mary France. Educated : 
Clifton College, Victoria University, Student of Owens College. 1893, 
M.R.C.S., Eng., and L.R.C.P., London. Married: June 22nd, 1904, to Mary 
Elizabeth, daughter of the late James Ainsworth, of Chorley and Wigan, and 
has issue one son and one daughter : Margaret and Charles Stephen. Pro- 
fession : Medical Practitioner. Appointments : President of the Wigan 
Medical Society, 1909 ; J. P., County of Lancaster (Wigan Division), 1909 ; 
Medical Examiner to Wigan Tribunal. Recreation : Golf. 

FRANCIS, Rev. John, M.A., Vicar, Surrogate. 

80, Shaw Street, Liverpool. Born : November 13th, 1836, at Pens- 
trowed, Montgomeryshire ; son of John Francis and Sarah Vaughan (of 
Trelystan), Montgomeryshire. Educated : St. John's College, Cambridge ; 
B.A., 1861 ; M.A., 1864 ; Hons. Mathematical (Jun. Op.), Burney Prize 
Essay, 1863. Profession : Clerk in Holy Orders ; Vicar of St. Stephen's, 
Liverpool ; Surrogate. Publications : " Burney Prize Essay, 1863, Cam- 
bridge " ; " Exercise of the Active Virtues, Courage, Patriotism," etc. ; also of 
an Arrangement of National Anthem. Clubs : Liverpool Athenaeum ; 
Church House. 

FRANKLAND, Albert Ernest, M.A., Solicitor (CO.), Notary PubUc, 

Company Director. 

" Lynwood," Great Crosby, Lanes. Office : 18, Water Street, Liver- 
pool. Born : December 20th, 1880, at Liscard, Cheshire ; only son of John 
Mackenzie Frankland, of Liverpool, and Mary Jane, second daughter of 



BIOGRAPHIES 151 



William Hughes Yeoward, of Liverpool. Educated: Merchant Taylors' 
School ; Merton College, Oxford ; B.A., 1902 ; M.A., 1905 ; Harrison Scholar 
at M.T.S. Married: May nth, 1911, at Blundellsands, to Isabel, third 
daughter of Seth Bennett, of Blundellsands, Liverpool, and has issue two 
daughters : Kathleen Mary, born May 29th, 1912 ; Isalee Muriel, born May 
i8th, 1915. Sohcitor and Commissioner of Oaths ; Notary Public ; Company 
Director. Travelled : Norway, Belgium, France, Spain, Portugal, Canary 
Islands, Cape Verde Islands. Recreation : Golf. Note : Director of S. Bennett 
and Co., Ltd. Liverpool; member of Firm of Weightman, Pedder & Co., 
Liverpool. 

FRASER, Rev. Donald Beaton, Minister of Pembroke Chapel. 

5, Auburn Road, New Brighton, Wallasey, Cheshire. Born : At Stort- 
ford ; son of John and Mary Fraser. Educated : Western College, Plymouth ; 
Prizeman in Theology and Philosophy. Married : June, 1896, to Minnie 
Helen Geen, daughter of Charles Geen, J. P., of Okehampton, and has issue 
one son and one daughter : Donald, born 1897 ; Enid, born 1900. Profes- 
sion : Minister of Pembroke Chapel, Liverpool, since 1912 (successor to Dr. 
Aked, of San Francisco, U.S.A.). Publications : Monthly Sermon for ten 
years, and Plain Truth (monthly). Recreation : Golf. 

FRASER, Peter, M.D. (Glas.), L.R.C.S. (Edin.). 

Clough House, Leyland, Lanes. Born : October loth, 1855, at Hamilton, 
Scotland ; son of Peter Fraser, of Dingwall, N.B., and Elizabeth, daughter of 
— Donaldson, of Cornhill, Berwickshire (both deceased). Educated : 
Greenock Academy and High School, Glasgow ; M.D. of University of Glas- 
gow ; L.R.C.S. (Edinburgh). Married: November 24th, 1909, at St. Cuth- 
bert's Parish Church, Lytham, Lanes., to Clara, daughter of the late Edwin 
Crook, of Leyland, Lanes., and has issue one son : James Douglas, born 
April i6th, 1911. Travelled : India in 1876. Recreation : Golf. Clubs : 
Fairhaven Golf ; St. Anne's Old Links. 

FRAZER, Rev. Henry, M.A. (Dub.), Vicar of St. Peter's, Everton. 

31, Fitzclarence Street, Liverpool. Born : 1871, at Drumearn, Aughna- 
cloy, Co. Tyrone ; son of Joseph and Margaret Frazer, of Tyrone. Educated : 
Belfast Model School ; Trinity College, Dublin ; B.A., 1900 ; M.A., 1904. 
Married : 1907, at Christ Church, Sefton Park, Liverpool, to Mabel, daughter 
of George McKibbin, of Broadclyst, Princes Park, Liverpool, and has issue 
one son and one daughter : George Henry, born 1908 ; Constance Mary, 
born 1913. Appointment : Vicar of St. Peter's Parish, Everton, Liverpool, 
since 1907. Travelled : France, Switzerland, Italy. 

FRIEDEBERG, Rev. S., B.A., Rabbi, Hebrew Lecturer. 

6, Croxteth Grove, Liverpool. Born : 1862, at Portsea ; son of Mark 
and Ameha Friedeberg (nee Jacobs). Educated : Aria College, Portsea ; 
B.A. Married : January 30th, 1894, to Miriam Eva, daughter of the Rev. 
G. J. Emanuel and Mrs. Emanuel, and has issue one son and one daughter : 
Ruth Amy, George Marcus. Occupation : Rabbi of Princes Road Synagogue, 
from 1891 ; Lecturer to Liverpool Board of Bibhcal Studies (Hebrew). 
Publications : Editor of " Joshua : an Annotated Hebrew Text " ; author of 
papers on Jewish subjects. Recreation : Golf. Clubs : Athenaeum, Liverpool ; 
Woolton Golf. Masonic Lodge : Israel, 1502. Notes : Acting Jewish Chaplain 
to H.M. Forces in the Liverpool and N. Wales area ; Member of the Liver- 
pool Recruiting Committee. 



152 LANCASHIRE 



FROST, Francis Aylmer, J.P., Tribune of Warrington. 

Grappenhall Hall, near Warrington. 'Phone : 51 Grappenhall. Born : 
1862, at Ashton-under-Lyne ; third son of Francis Aylmer Frost, J. P. (died 
1885), of Spring Hill, Reddish, Stockport. Educated : Forest School, Wal- 
thamstow ; Owens College ; Paris. Married : 1898, to Ann Lucy, fourth 
daughter of the late Sir Thomas Gibbons Frost, of RedcUff, Chester. Occu- 
pation : Chairman, Peter Stubs, Ltd. ; Director, Castle Rubber Co., Ltd. ; 
Trustee, Warrington and Runcorn District Savings Bank ; Fellow of Institute 
of Directors. Appointments : J. P. for Lanes., 1897 ; for Cheshire, 1899 ; 
High Sheriff, 1910. Recreations: Golf, shooting, motoring. Clubs: R.A.C., 
London ; Warrington. Notes : Platoon Commander of Grappenhall 
Detachment, Cheshire Volunteer Regt. ; Tribune of Warrington, under Lord 
Derby's Scheme. 

FULLAGAR, Walter Palmer, Solicitor, twice Under-Sheriff of 
Lancashire. 

Claughton, St. Annes-on-Sea ; 25, Wood Street, Bolton. Born : August 
I2th, 1842, at Leicester; son of Frank and Elizabeth Fullagar, of Leicester. 
Educated : Leicester Collegiate School. Married : Twice — (i) June nth, 
1868, at Liverpool, to Katharine, daughter of the late Rev. John Swainson, 
of Ecton, Northants ; (2) December 15th, 1913, to Marion, daughter of the 
late W. E. Drew, of Knighton-on-Teme, and has issue one son and three 
daughters : Emily A., born August 4th, 1869 ; Constance M. E., born 
December i8th, 1871 ; Ethel, born September 7th, 1874 ; Francis John, 
born April 5th, 1876. Profession : Solicitor. Appointments : Twice Under- 
Sheriff of Lanes. ; Member of the Northern House of Laymen ; Vice- 
President of the S.P.G. Society ; Member of Standing Committee of the 
National Society ; Council of the Church of England Men's Society, also 
on the Executive of the Church of England Temperance Society, and 
Chairman of the Manchester Branch of that Society ; also a co-opted Member 
of the Bolton Education Committee. Recreations : Golf and music. Clubs : 
Cavendish, London ; Old Rectory, Manchester. 

FULLALOVE, William Thomas, Solicitor, Clerk of the Peace. 

" Woodlands," Burnley ; Craven Bank Chambers, Burnley. Born : 
December 3rd, i860, at Lincoln ; son of John Fullalove, of Lincoln, and Anne, 
daughter of Richard Lewis, of Willen, Bucks. Educated : Privately ; Owen's 
College, Manchester. Married : July 29th, 1890, to Katharine May, daughter 
of George Lindsey, of Broughton, Salford, and has issue one son and two 
daughters : Alan Lindsey, born August 4th, 1891 ; Katharine Irene ; Ethel 
May Lewis. Profession : Solicitor. Appointments : Town Clerk of Burnley 
from 1892-1899 ; first Clerk of the Peace for the Borough of Burnley ; 
Member of the firm of Southern, Fullalove and Ritchie, Solicitors. (London 
Agents : Littledale and Lefroy.) Travelled : Holland, Belgium, France, 
Switzerland, Italy. Recreation : Golf, Club : Burnley. 

FURNEAUX, Leonard Romney, Major, O.T.C., Rossall School. 

Rossall School, Fleetwood. Born : November ist, 1859, ^^ Cherington, 
Warwickshire ; youngest son of the Rev. W. D. Furneaux, Rector of Berkley, 
Somerset, and Louisa, daughter of W. Dickins, of Cherington. Educated : 
Marlborough CoUege and C.C.C, Oxford ; B.A., 1882 ; M.A., 1885 ; First 
Class Mods. ; Second Class Lit. Hum. Married : December 23rd, 1914, to 
Mary Beatrice, daughter of the Rev. G. P. Clucas, of Repton, Derbyshire. 
Profession : Assistant Master and House Master at Rossall School. Recrea- 



BIOGRAPHIES i53 



lion : Mountaineering. Clubs : Alpine ; Swiss Alpine ; New Oxford and 
Cambridge. Notes : Major O.T.C. and O.C, Rossall School, O.T.C.. 1905- 
1911, and from 1914 ; T.D., 1910. Career : Assistant-Master at Marlborough 
College, 1884 ; at Rossall School since 1884. 

FURNISS, Bertram, Secretary, Liverpool Liberal Federal Council. 

Dursley, Warren Drive, New Brighton. 'Phone : 202 Liscard. Born : 
1859, at Birkenhead ; son of WiUiam Henry Furniss, Merchant, of Liverpool. 
Educated : Hathersage, Derbyshire. Occupation : Secretary of Liverpool 
Liberal Federal Council. Travelled : Europe, North and South America, 
Pacific Ocean, West Indies. Recreations : Cycling, walking, golf. Clubs : 
Reform and Junior Reform, Liverpool. Notes : For thirty-one years in ist 
V.B., Cheshire Regt. Hon. Secretary of Liverpool Branch of Parliamentary 
Recruiting Committee. 

GAISFORD, Colonel Richard Boileau, C.B., C.M.G. 

Conynger Hurst, Ulverston. Born : December 14th, 1854, at Kirk 
Deighton, Yorks. ; son of the late Rev. S. H. Gaisford, Rector of Cowthorpe, 
Wetherby, Yorks. Educated Haileybury College ; St. John's College, Oxford ; 
B.A., 1876, Honours ; R.M.C., Sandhurst, 1877 ; Staff College, 1892-3. Married: 
1895, to Elsy, daughter of the late Major-Gen, A. H. Lindsay, C.B., R.H.A., and 
has issue one son and one daughter. Club : Naval and Military. Career : 
2ist Royal Scots Fusiliers. 1878 ; Boer War, 1881 ; Burmese Expedition, 
1885-1887 ; South African War, 1899-1902 ; Lieut. -Col., Royal FusQiers, 
1903-1907 ; Col., 1907 ; Retired Pay, 191 1 ; Inspector of Infantry, 1914-15 ; 
Brig.-General. 

GALJfc, Colonel Henry Richmond, R.E., Temporary Brig.-General, 
C.M.G. 

Bardsea Hall, Ulverston, Lanes. Telegrams : Bardsea, Ulverston. 
Born : 1866, at Sidbury Manor ; son of Henry Richmond Hoghton Gale, 
and Emma Sneyd. Educated : Harrow and Woolwich. Married : 1903, 
to Kathleen Jane, daughter of the late Lieut. -Col. Villiers-Stuart and Mrs. 
Villiers-Stuart, of Castlane, Ireland, and has issue three daughters : Kathleen 
Myrtle, Lois Margaret, Ethne Evelyn Mary. Recreations : Big game shooting 
and fishing. Clubs : Royal Societies. Notes : Regular Forces, Roysil 
Engineers ; obtained two Brevets in the South African War. 

GALLE, Lucien Alfred, Consul for Belgium. 

63, Brown Street, Manchester ('Phone : 3447 Central) ; Woodlands 
Bank, Altrincham, Cheshire. Born : July 23rd, 1875, at Manchester ; second 
son of Alexandre Real and Emily Eleanor Galle. Educated : Private 
Schools in Southport and Lytham. Married : January 15th, 1902, to Jesse 
Kirkpatrick, of Hindley and Eccles, and has issue one son and two daughters : 
Kathleen, born 1904 ; Yvonne, bom 1906 ; Alexandre, born 1909. Occu- 
pation : Consul de Belgique, Manchester ; West African Shipping Business. 
Recreation : Yachting. Career : Succeeded his father as Consul for Belgium, 
June 30th, 1905, and as Consul for the Congo Free State, May 28th, 1906. 

GALLOWAY, Colonel William Johnson, J.P., Director, G.E.R. 

36, Portman Square, W. ; Skaife Hall. Otley. Born : October 5th, 1868. 
at Sale, Cheshire ; only son of John Galloway, of Manchester. Educated : 
Wellington and Cambridge. Occupation : Director, Great Eastern Railway 
Co.; Chairman, Curn forth Hematite Iron Co.; Chairman. Blackpool Land 



154 LANCASHIRE 



Co. Appoinitnent : J. P. for City of Manchester and County of Lanes. Publi- 
cations : " Musical England " ; " Operatic Problem " ; " Advance, Australia." 
Cluhs : Carlton ; Wellington ; Garrick. Note : Hon. Col., East Lanes. 
Royal Engineers ; Inspector of Quarter-Master-General's Services. 

GARDINER, Rev. Robert, B.A., Rector of Bretherton. 

Bretherton Rectory, Preston, Lanes. Born : November 20th, 1840, at 
Lisademey, Maguiresbridge, Ireland ; son of John Gardiner, of Lisaderney, 
and Jane, daughter of Henry White, of Kinawley. Educated: Portora Royal 
School ; Trinity College, Dublin. Married : August 8th, 1872, at Maguires- 
bridge, to Mary Jane, daughter of John Joyce, of Maguiresbridge, and Letitia, 
daughter of William Foster, of Maguiresbridge, and has issue two sons and 
four daughters : John William, born April 8th, 1877 ; Ernest Alexander, 
born August 2nd, 1880 ; Letitia Jane, born January 27th, 1874 ; Rose Mary, 
bom April 13th, 1875 ; Edith Harriette Joyce, born April 9th, 1884 ; Audrey 
Margaret, bom March 26th, 1889. Profession : Rector of Bretherton. 
Travelled : Continent and United Kingdom. Recreation : Walking. Notes : 
Has been Rector of Bretherton since 1874 ; during that time the church has 
been restored and a new chancel added ; the school has also been twice 
enlarged. 

GARDNER, Harold Ennis, B.A., Barrister-at-Law, Clerk to 
Merchant Taylors' Schools. 

Leighton, Merrilocks Road, Blundellsands ('Phone : Crosby 436). 
Chambers: 9, Cook Street, Liverpool ('Phone : Central 2134). Born: January 
27th, 1870, at Mott Haven, West Chester County, New York State, 
U.S.A. ; eldest son of William Robert Gardner, and Louise Berguclew Ennis, 
of New York. Educated : Merchant Taylors' School, Great Crosby ; New 
College, Oxford ; B.A., Oxon. Married : April 20th, 1897, to Edith Ameha 
Allen, third daughter of the Rev. Preb. William Allen (Preb. of Lichfield), 
and Emily Ida Allen, of the Vicarage, Eccleshall, Staffordshire, and has issue 
three daughters : Edith Muriel Ennis, Aileen Mary Ennis, Dorothy Ida Ennis. 
Profession: Barrister-at-Law (Inner Temple). Appointments: Clerk to the 
Governors of the Merchant Taylors' School, Great Crosby ; Member of the 
Liverpool Philomathic Society (Past President). Club : The Liverpool Chess 
Club. Masonic Lodge: Blundellsands, No. 2289 (P.M.). Note: Special 
Constable for Seaforth Division of Lanes. Career : After taking degree at 
Oxford in 1891 left, and read privately in Liverpool for the Bar examination, 
which he passed in 1892 ; then read in Chambers, with Mr. D. Stuart-Smith, 
of New Square, Lincoln's Inn (now Vice-Chancellor of the Chancery Court 
of the County Palatine of Lancaster), from September, 1892, until September, 
1893 ; was called to the Bar at the Inner Temple, in May, 1893 ; in October, 
1893, settled down in Liverpool, and since then has practised in Liverpool at 
the Chancery Bar and as an Equity Draughtsman and Conveyancer. A 
Member of the Northern Circuit. 

GARDNER, Rev. Henry, A.T.S., Congregational Minister. 

30, Tewkesbury Drive, Sedgley Park, Prestwich, Manchester. Born : 
October 14th, 1858, at Cheltenham ; son of Henry B. and Elizabeth 
Gardner. Educated : Cheltenham Grammar School ; New College (Congre- 
gational), London ; Honours : A.T.S. Married : August 15th, 1889, to 
Jessie Whatmore Page, and has issue two daughters : Dorothy Margaret 
(deceased), Elsie Kathleen. Profession : Congregational Minister. Pub- 
lications : Occasional contributions to magazines. Recreation : Cycling. 



BIOGRAPHIES 155 



GARDNER, William Robert, J.P., President Crosby Liberal 
Association . 

Leighton, Blundellsands, Lanes. Born : September 6th, 1843, at Liver- 
pool ; fifth son of Joseph Gardner, of Liverpool, and Maria, only daughter of 
Wilham Jackson, of Liverpool. Educated : Privately, under the late Dr. 
Ihne, of Heidelberg, Germany. Married : November 25th, 1868, at New 
York, to Louise Burguclew, eldest daughter of John Jay Ennis, of New York, 
and Emma Louise, only daughter of Henry Burguclew, of Providence, Rhode 
Island, and has issue four sons : Harold Ennis, born January 27th, 1870 ; 
Robert Marshall, born July 22nd, 1874 ; Gerald Brosseau, born June 13th, 
1884 ; Francis Douglas, born December 17th, 1885. Appointments : J. P. for 
County of Lancaster, 1905 ; Chairman of Managers of Highton Truant School ; 
Hon. Treasurer of North Liverpool Y.M.C.A. ; Trustee of Nicholas Church, 
Blundellsands ; President of Crosby District Liberal Association. Travelled : 
United States, West India Islands, South Africa, the Caucasus and round the 
Black Sea, Syria, Holy Land and Egypt, and Ceylon ; many visits to France, 
Germany, and the Continent. Recreation : Golf. Clubs : Nationsd Libercil, 
London, S.W. ; Liverpool Reform ; West Lanes. Golf. 

GARDNER-MEDWIN, Frank Medwin, B.A., M.R.C.S. (Lond.)» 

L.R.C.P. (Eng.). 

4, Princes Gate West, Liverpool ; 22, High Street, Wavertree, Liver- 
pool. Born : October 28th, 1876, at Folkestone ; son of Joseph Gardner, 
of Folkestone, and Emily Sophia, daughter of Aaron Medwin, of Blackheath 
(both deceased). Educated : Cambridge University ; St. Bartholomew's 
Hospital; B.A. (Cambs.) ; M.R.C.S. (London); L.R.C.P. (England). 
Married : May nth, 1905, at Ealing, to Hilda Louisa Mary, daughter of 
Worster Benson Coode, of Ljmie Regis, Dorset, and Kate Ahce, daughter of 
the Rev. Canon R. C. Jenkins, of Lyminge, Kent, and has issue two sons : Robert 
Joseph, born April loth, 1907 ; Alexander George, born May 4th, 1910. 
Appointments : Anaesthetist, Royal Southern Hospital and Dental Hospital ; 
Medical Officer, School for the Blind, Post Office, and Pohce. Publication : 
" The Roth Drager Oxygen-Chloroform Apparatus " {Liverpool Medical 
Chirurgical Journal). Recreation: Fishing. Clubs: Liverpool Univ^ersity ; 
Liverpool Medical Institute ; Twenty Club ; Abernethian Society. Note : 
Took added name of Medwin by Royal Letters Patent in 1895. 

GARNETT, Robert, J. P. Lancaster and West Riding. 

The Ridding, Low Bentham, Lancaster. Born : February 17th, 1845, 
at Chester ; third son of Henry Garnett, of Wyreside, Lancaster. Educated : 
Cheltenham College. Married : Twice — (i) September, 1880, at St. George's, 
Hanover Square, to Alice Catherine Foster, only child of Joseph Teale, of 
the Ridding, West Riding, Yorkshire (died 1900) ; (2) September, 1901, at 
Melling, Lanes., to Catherine Mary, second daughter of William Rome, of 
Melling Hall, Lanes, and has issue (by first wife) one son : Robert Everard, 
born October i8th, 1885. Appointments : J. P. for Lanes., and for the West 
Riding. Club : Army and Navy, Pall Mall, London, S.W. Not^ : Served 
in the 8th King's Regt., from 1864 to 1868. 

GARRETT, Rev. Geo. Henry St. Patrick, B.D., Vicar of Westhoughton. 

The Vicarage, Westhoughton, Born : At Coolaney, Co. SUgo, Ireland ; 
second son of the Rev. Canon George Garrett, of Kilmeague, Naas, Ireland, 
and Anna Maria, daughter of Lieut. Henry Fry, of Navarino, Boyle, Co. Ros- 
common, Ireland (bo:h dead). Educated: Portora School; Trinity College, 
Dublin. Married : September 12th, 1888, at Dubhn, to Helen, youngest daughter 



156 LANCASHIRE 



of Edward Greer, of Ballyunon, Co. Down, Ireland, and has issue two sons and 
one daughter : Howard George, bom January, 1890 ; Douglas Richard, born 
August, 1891 ; Helen, born November, 1903. Profession : Vicar of West- 
houghton ; formerly Vicar of St. Paul's, Princes Park, Liverpool, 1893-1901 ; 
and of Horwich, 1901-1908. Travelled : Norway and Switzerland. Recrea- 
tions : Cycling and travel. 

GARSTANG, Edward Moreton, M.D., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.Pm 
Physician. 

Highfield, The Haulgh, Bolton. Born: April 6th, 1849, at 23, Bark 
Street, Bolton, Lanes. ; son of Thomas Blackledge Garstang, of Highfield, 
the Haulgh, Bolton, and AUce, daughter of Richard Robinson, Surgeon, of 
Bolton. Educated : Giggleswick and Bolton Grammar Schools. Married : 
April 22nd, 1880, at Helmsley, Yorks., to Sarah Elizabeth (now deceased), 
daughter of William Frank, Timber Merchant, of Helmsley, Yorks., and Mary, 
daughter of Benjamin Cole, of Minnington, Yorks., and has issue two sons 
and two daughters : Linda Alice, born August 26th, 1881 ; Hilda Margaret, 
bom January 13th, 1883 ; Frank Leshe, born October 14th, 1884 ; Robert 
Leonard, bom October 20th, 1894. Profession : Physician and Surgeon. 
Appointments: M.D., St. Andrew's University ; R.M.C.S. (England) ; L.R.C.P. 
(England). Consulting Surgeon, Bolton Infirmary, and Dispensary ; late 
Surgeon-Col., 5th Batt., Loyal North Lanes. Regt. ; V.D. President of the 
Bolton Amateur Orchestral Society. Travelled : Germany, France, Spain, 
Holland, Belgium. Recreation : Orchestral music. 

GASKELL, Leonard Sadgrove, M.A., M.B., M.R.C.S. (Eng.), L.R.C.P. 

(Lend.). 

Ashley, Prenton Hill, Cheshire. Born : August i8th, 1871, at St. Helens ; 
younger son of Richard Allanson Gaskell, M.R.C.S., L.S.A., J. P., V.D., and 
Julia Ahce Gaskell, of Huyton, Liverpool. Educated : Christ's College, Cam- 
bridge; London Hospital; M.A., M.B., B.Ch. (Cambridge) ; M.R.C.S. (England); 
L.R.C.P. (London). Married: September 21st, 1898, to Edith, daughter 
of Mrs. M. A. Harvey, of Deal. Kent, and has issue five children. Profession : 
Physician. Travelled : Norway, Switzerland, France, Belgium. Recreations : 
Cricket and tennis. Cluh : Liverpool Medical Institution. Note : Owns 
land at St. Helens, Lanes. Is a Capt., R.A.M.C. (T.F.). 

GASKING, Rev. Dr. Samuel, F.L.S., F.G.S. (Lend.), Chaplain of 
Walton Workhouse. 

22, Yew Tree Road, Walton, Liverpool ; Walton Workhouse, Liverpool. 
Born : September 5th, 1852, at Liverpool ; son of Captain William Trist 
Gasking, of Plymouth, and Catherine (nee Costain), of Port St. Mary, Isle of 
Man. Educated : St. Aidan's Theological College (First Class) ; Owens 
College, Manchester ; University College, Durham ; Hon. D.D., N. CaroUna ; 
LL.D. (Wilberforce University, Ohio, U.S.A.). Married: Twice— (i) 1873, 
at Liverpool, to Annie Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Plant Glover, of Longton, 
Staffs. ; (2) 1896, at Skelmersdale, to Annie, daughter of Edmund Berry, 
of Skelmersdale, County Councillor for the Ormskirk Division, and has issue 
five sons and one daughter : S. St. Clair C, born 1879 ' Eustace W. T., born 
1881 (Solicitor and Deputy Magistrates' Clerk, Bootle) ; Douglas M. V., 
born 1883 (Rector of Monymusk, Aberdeenshire) ; Kenneth N. H., born 
1889 ; Edmund B., born 1897 ; Edith E. A., born 1877. Appointments : Clerk 
in Holy Orders, 1879 ; Chaplain of Walton Workhouse, 1896 ; Urban District 
Councillor, Skelmersdale, 1895-1898 ; Member of Skehnersdale School Board, 
1892-1905 ; Chairman of Skelmersdale School Board, 1895-1898. Publica- 



BIOGRAPHIES 157 

tions : Contributor to Research, Journal of Botany, and other scientific periodi- 
cals, to many learned societies and transactions, also to the Flora and Geology 
of Liverpool, and the Natural History of the Isle of Man ; contributor also 
to " Carvalyn Gailckagh " ; " Pearls of Poesy," etc. ; Assistant Editor, 
Northern Freemason. F.L.S., F.G.S. (London) ; Ex-President, Liverpool 
Geological Association and Botanical Society ; Hon. Member, Manx Society. 
Travelled : France, Belgium, Switzerland, Canada, and the United States. 
Recreations : Botany, Geology, Marine Zoology, Entomology ; also poetry and 
Philately. Club : Authors, London. Note : Grand-nephew of Nelson's ist 
Lieut., who steered the Victory into action. 

GATTY, Victor Herbert, J.P., F.R.G.S., Company Director. 

Whiteholme, near Preston, Lanes. ; Bannister Hall Works, Preston. 
Born : June 2nd, 1864, at Elmfield Hall, Accrington, Lanes. ; son of Frederick 
Albert Gatty, of Elmfield Hall, Accrington, and Mary Anne, daughter of 
Joseph Wharton, of Harrogate, and Sarah, daughter of John Chapman, of 
Bradford, Yorks. Educated : Harrow School. Married : September 2nd, 
1896, at Parish Church, Blackburn, to Mary, daughter of John Lewis, of Beard- 
wood Bank, Blackburn, and Elizabeth, daughter of Miles Alston, of Rib- 
chester, and has issue one daughter and one son : Winifred Mary, born July 
15th, 1900 ; John Frederic Victor, born July 5th, 1906. Occupation : Com- 
pany Director. Appointments : J. P. for Lanes., 1903 ; Fellow of the Royal 
Geographical Society ; Member of the County Licensing Committee, and 
Council of the Harris Orphanage; Squadron Commander, National Motor 
Volunteers. Publications : Papers relating to mountains and mountaineering. 
Travelled : The Alps, Pyrenees, Corsica, Norway, Spitzbergen. Recreations : 
Alpine climbing, shooting, riding, walking. Clubs : Alpine ; Climbers ; 
Lancashire County Cricket ; Winckley, Preston. Notes : Owns land round 
Whiteholme ; is a Director of F. A. Gatty and Co., Ltd., who are concerned in 
bleaching, dyeing, and the production of khaki materials, which are largely 
used by our Indian Army and in most tropical countries. 

GEDDES, George, M.D., M.B., C.M., Physician. 

" Strathlene," Heywood, Lanes. Born : September Sth, 1868, at Port 
Gordon, Banffshire, N.B. ; son of John Geddes, of Port Gordon, and Ellen, 
daughter of Wm. Symon, of Kingston-on-Spey (both deceased). Educated: 
Aberdeen; M.D., M.B., CM. (Aberdeen). Married: October 14th, 1S97, 
at Edinburgh, to Margaret, daughter of George Flett, of Findochty, Banff- 
shire, and Wilhelmina, daughter of Robert McKay, of Wick, Caithness, and 
has issue two daughters : Winnie, born July 25th, 1898 ; Peggy, born 
January 8th, 1904. Profession : Physician. Publications : " Statistics of 
Puerperal Fever and AUied Infectious Diseases" (Wright and Sons, Bristol), 
and articles in British Medical Journal, etc. Travelled : Germany, Italy, 
Russia, Turkey, Belgium, etc. Recreation : Reading. 

GEDYE, Rev. Nicholas Lower, R.N., Vicar of St. Philip's, 
Liverpool. 

80, Shiel Road, Liverpool. Born : 1842, at London ; eldest son of 
Nicholas Gedye (descended from Richard Gedye, of Trebersey House, Corn- 
wall, and on the maternal side from Sir Wm. Lower, Lord ]\Iayor of London, 
also of Cornwall). Educated: King's College, London; Private Tutors. 
Married : August 21st, 1865, to Elizabeth Doudney, daughter of E. Philips 
Doudney, of Portsmouth, and has issue one surviving son : Reginald Edwd. 
Lower Gedye, J. P., Sohcitor. Profession : Vicar of St. Philip, Liverpool ; 
Surrogate of Diocese of Liverpool. Appointments : Chairman of two County 



158 LANCASHIRE 



Council Schools ; Vice-Chairman of District Central Relief. Recreations : 
Interested in horses, dogs, farming, motoring. Club : Conservative Club, 
Liverpool. Notes : Formerly of the Royal Navy ; retired under Mr. Childers' 
Act in 1869 ; last appointed Assistant-Paymaster-Secretary to Lord Hood, 
Captain of H.M.S. Excellent ; Director of Naval Ordnance. Governor of R.N. 
College. 

GEDYE, Reginald Edward Lower, Solicitor, CO., U.D.G. 

The Towers, Grange-over-Sands, Lanes. ; Sheil Road, Liverpool. (London 
Agents: Field, Roscoe and Co., Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C). Born: March 
20th, 1876, at Weymouth, Dorsetshire ; only surviving son of the Rev. N. 
Lower Gedye, Vicar of St. Philip's, Sheil Road, Liverpool (formerly of the 
Royal Navy), and Elizabeth, younger daughter of David Doudney, of Southsea, 
Hants. Educated: Liverpool High School; M.P.S. Married: July 20th, 
1903, at St. Philip's, Liverpool, to Florence, only daughter of Robert Marshall, 
of Hull, and Alice Mary, only daughter of Capt. William Amery, and has 
issue one son and two daughters : Mary Lower, born February 7th, 1906 ; 
John Nicholas George Lower, November ist, 1909 ; Evelyn Constance, born 
November 29th, 1910. Profession : Solicitor, CO., U.D.C. Appointments : 
Member of the Grange-over-Sands Urban District Council ; Chairman of 
Finance Committee. Travelled: European countries — France, Switzerland, 
Portugal, Spain. Belgium, Holland. Recreations : Shooting, fishing, motoring, 
golf. Club : Conservative, Liverpool. Notes : The last representative of 
the ancient family of Gedye, of Trebersey, Cornwall, a name recorded in the 
Domesday Book, formerly the largest landowners in Cornwall. 

GEE, Thomas, J.P., Solicitor. 

Hafodunos. Abergele. Denbighshire. Office : 20, North John Street, 
Liverpool. (London Agent : C. R. Woolley, Clement's Inn, Strand, 
London, W.C). Born : May 24th, 1848. at Denbigh ; eldest son of the late 
Thomas Gee, of Denbigh. Married : September 9th, 1879, to IsoUna, elder 
daughter of the late Sir Henry Tate. Bart., and Jane, daughter of John 
Wignall, of Aughton, Lanes. Profession : SoUcitor. Appointment : J. P. for 
Denbighshire. 1906. Recreations : Shooting, fishing, golf. Clubs : Junior 
Army and Navy ; Automobile. Note : Hon. Col. and formerly Colonel 
Commanding ist Lanes. Vol. Artillery. 

GETHING (Lieut.) Robert Eills, Barrister-at-Law, M.A., B.C.L., 
Oxford. 

51, Hope Street, Liverpool (Tel. : 1998 Royal). Chambers : 25, Lord 
Street, Liverpool (Tel. : 3602 Bank). Born : May 7th, 1880, at Liverpool ; 
son of Constantine and Sarah Jane Gething (nee EiUs). Educated : Liverpool 
College ; College de Morlaix. France ; University College, Oxford (Honours. 
School of Jurisprudence) ; M.A. ; B.C.L. Profession : Barrister-at-Law. 
Clubs : Conservative. Liverpool ; Constitutional. London. Masonic Lodge : 
Sefton. No. 680. Career : Oxford (University College), 1898-1901 ; Honours 
in School of Jurisprudence. Oxford. 1901 ; Articled with Messrs. Batesons, 
Warr and Wimshurst. Solicitors. Liverpool, 1901-1904 ; Honours Final 
Examination of Law Society and Atkinson Gold Medal ; joined Middle Temple. 
1904 ; after twelve months in large shipping and marine insurance offices, in 
order to obtain practical experience of shipping, entered Chambers of Mr. 
Leslie Scott (now K.C, M.P.), 1906 ; First Class Honours, Bar Final Examina- 
tion, January, 1907 ; called to the Bar (Middle Temple) and joined Northern 



BIOGRAPHIES 159 



Circuit ; " Junior " of the Northern Circuit, 1907. Practices at Liverpool. 
Notes : 2nd Lieut., Royal Garrison Artillery, and A.D.C. to Commander, 
Plymouth Garrison. Elder brother. Dr. John E. Gething, M.A. (Cantab.) ; 
M.B., Ch.B. (Liverpool). Lieut. R.A.M.C. Younger brother, Burton W. E. 
Gething, Major, Northumberland Fusiliers. 

GIBBS, Rev. Henry Lionel, B.Sc, M.Sc, Clerk in Holy Orders. 

37, Dean Road, Liverpool. Born : 1885, at Liverpool ; son of Henry and 
Lilian Gibbs. Educated: B.Sc, 1906 ; M.Sc. (Mathematics), 1907; Liverpool 
University ; Wycliffe Hall, Oxford. Married : To Ada Marie Newton, 
and has issue one daughter : Joyce Lilian Newton. Profession : Clerk in 
Holy Orders ; Curate of Christ Church, Kensington, Liverpool. Recreation : 
Photography. 

GIBSON, Charles, B.A., Solicitor. 

High Croft, Lancaster ; 16, Castle Park, Lancaster. Born : July 30th, 
1867, at Lancaster; son of Thomas and Amelia Ellen Gibson (nee Caistor), 
of Ellerslie, Petersfield, Hants. Educated : Westminster School, 1879-1886 ; 
University College, Oxford, 1886-1889 ; B.A., Second Class Hon. Law School ; 
Articled for Solicitor, 1889-1892 ; Third Class Hon. Solos Final ; Admitted, 
1892. Married : December 27th, 1900, to Violet Katharine, daughter of 
William Lyster Holt (deceased), C.E., late Major H.A.C., and Catherine Holt, 
of Pagoda Avenue, Richmond, Surrey, and has issue one son and one daughter : 
Katharine Linda ; Thomas Charles, born December 7th, 1906. Profession : 
Solicitor. Appointments : Hon. Solos to Royal Albert Institution and to 
Lanes. Union of Golf Clubs ; Commissioner for Oaths ; Clerk to the Commis- 
sioners of Taxes ; Clerk to the Commissioners of Sewers ; Clerk and Treasurer 
to Ripley Hospital Trustees ; St, Manor of Caton, Deputy St. Manor of Claugh- 
ton ; Member of the Incorporated Law Society ; Ex-President and Hon. 
Treasurer, Lancaster Law Society ; Member of the Firm of Maxsted, Gibsons 
and Sturton ; Partners : Thos. Gibson, Charles Gibson, and Douglas Phipps 
Sturton). (London Agents : Gibson and Weldon.) Travelled : Continent of 
Europe. Recreations : Golf, gardening ; formerly cricket, football, and all 
outdoor games. Clubs : County, Lancaster ; Junior Conservative, W. Notes : 
Played in Westminster School Cricket XI. four years ; in school football XL, 
three years ; obtained County Cap (Lanes.) for football (Rugby Union). 
Freemason for twenty-five years ; P.M., Lodge 1051 ; P. Prov., G.D., Lanes. 
(W.D.) ; Secretary, Lodge 1051 since 1897. 

GIBSON, Thomas, J.P., Solicitor. 

" Ellerslie," Petersfield, Hants. ; Castle Park, Lancaster. Born : 
November 12th, 1839, at Fyfield, Essex ; son of the late Rev. Henry Gibson, 
for fifty-three years Rector of Fyfield, Essex, and Sarah Gibson, daughter of 
the Rev. Thomas Mills, of Coval Hall, Chehnsford, Essex. Educated : Rossall 
College, near Fleetwood. Married : May 17th, 1866, to Amelia Ellen, daughter 
of William Caistor, of Burnage, near Manchester, and has issue one son and 
two daughters : Charles, born July 30th, 1867 ; Zoe Maud, born November 
6th, 1870 ; Ida Caistor, born November 9th, 1875. Profession : Sohcitor, 
admitted Hilary Term, 1861 ; Commissioner for Oaths ; Partner in the firm 
of Maxsted, Gibsons and Sturton, Solicitors, of Lancaster. (London Agents : 
Bell, Broderick and Gray, and Gibson and Weldon.) Appointments : J. P. for 
County of Westmorland, 1903. Travelled : France, Italy, Spain, Austria, 
Germany, Norway, Switzerland. Recreations : Driving, gardening, reading, 
travelling. Club : County, Lancaster. 



i6o LANCASHIRE 



GILMOUR, William Henry, M-D.S., L.D.Sm Lecturer in Dental 

Surgery. 

47, Rodney Street, Liverpool. Born : 1869, ^^ Liverpool, Educated : 
Liverpool Institute ; Liverpool University and Dental School ; Royal Dental 
Hospital, London. Married: 1897. (9ccM/)a/zo« .* Dental Surgeon and Director 
of Dental Education and Warden, Dental Hospital ; Lecturer in Dental 
Surgery and Secretary, Board of Dental Studies, Liverpool University; 
Consulting Dental Surgeon, Mersey Defences; President, Liverpool District 
Dental for treatment of Soldiers; Past-President, Liverpool District Odonto- 
logical Society; Past-President, Internationcd Dental Congress, Section X., 
London, 1914. Publications : Contributions to Societies and professional 
journals. Masonic Lodge : Sefton, 680. 

GILL, Frank Austin, M.D., CM. (Aber.), Med. Director Lanes. 
Inebriates' Reformatory. 

Brockhall, Whalley, near Blackburn. Born : May 17th, 1872, at Wick, 
Caithness ; son of John Gill, of Blingery, Wick, and Janet, daughter of George 
Douglas, of Arboll, Ross-shire. Educated : Aberdeen University ; M.B., 
CM., M.D. Married : December nth, 1901, at Banks, Strichen, to Mary 
McLean, daughter of Alexander Beddie, of Banks, Strichen, Aberdeenshire, 
and Margaret, daughter of Alexander Duncan, of Strichen, Aberdeenshire, 
and has issue two daughters : Janet, born June i6th, 1906 ; Leslie, bom 
January i6th, 1909. Appointment: Medical Director, Lanes. Inebriates' Refor- 
matory, Whalley, Lanes. Travelled : South Africa. Recreation : Shooting. 
Career : Assistant Professor of Surgery, Aberdeen University ; Deputy 
Medical Officer, H.M. Prisons, Manchester and Liverpool. 

GIRLING, Rev. Edwin Maurice, M.A., Vicar of St. Paul's, Peel. 

Peel Vicarage, Bolton. Born : February 25th, 1878, at Trunch, Norfolk ; 
son of the Rev. George Girhng (deceased). Vicar of Westhall, Suffolk. Edu- 
cated : Worcester College, Oxford ; M.A. Married : April 8th, 1907, at 
Lancaster Parish Church, to Frances Gertrude, daughter of Colonel John 
Allen, of Lancaster, and has issue two daughters : Margaret, born 1908 ; 
Joan Elizabeth, born 1911 Profession : Vicar of St. Paul's, Peel. Appoint- 
ments : Formerly Assistant Master and Chaplain, Rossall School, 1904-1910 ; 
Lecturer of Bolton Parish Church, 1910. Recreations : Tennis and golf. 

GIVEN, Ernest Cranstoun, Consulting Engineer and Naval Architect, 
President Liverpool Engineering Society. 

Dingle Bank, Liverpool ('Phone : 1866 Royal) ; 17, Water Street, Liver- 
pool ('Phone : 6598 Central) ; Fenchurch Street, London, E.C. ('Phone : 338 
Avenue). Telegrams : " Drafting." Born : 1870, at Liverpool ; younger 
son of the late John Given, President of the Liverpool Cotton Association. 
Educated : Harrow ; and Liverpool University College Engineering School. 
Married : 1904, to Winifred Mary, eldest daughter of Ronald Currie, M.D., 
J. P., of Skelmorlie, N.B., and has issue two daughters. Occupation : Con- 
sulting Engineer and Naval Architect. Appointments : Member of Liverpool 
City Council ; Chairman of Fire Police Committee ; President, Liverpool 
Engineering Society, 1914-1915. Publications : " Submarines and Sub- 
mersibles," and other papers ; formerly Chairman of the Library and Reading 
Committee. Recreations : Motoring and lawn tennis. Clubs : Conservative 
Liverpool ; Liverpool, Liverpool. Career : Member of the Institute of 
Civil Engineers, Mechanical Engineers, and Naval Architects ; in partner- 
ship with Sir J. Fortescue Flaunery, Bart., M.P., D.L., since 1899 ; Hon. 
Secretary, Liverpool Munitions of War Committee. 



BIOGRAPHIES i6i 



GLADSTONE, Robert, J.P., Hon. LL.D., Liverpool University. 

Woolton Vale, Liverpool. Born : 1833, at Liverpool ; eldest son of 
Thomas Steuart Gladstone (died 1882), of Capenoch, Dumfriesshire, and 
Elizabeth Field Gladstone, of Dumfries. Educated : Eton ; Edinburgh 
University ; LL.D. (Hon.) ; Liverpool University. Married : i860, to Mary 
Ellen (died 1905), daughter of Robertson Gladstone, of Court Hey, Lanes., 
and has issue four sons and six daughters. Appointments : Ex-Chairman of 
Mersey Docks and Harbour Board ; Treasurer of Liverpool University College 
for twenty years, and Chairman of Liverpool East India and China Associa- 
tion and Committee for twenty years ; Treasurer of Lanes. Female Refuge for 
fifty-three years ; J. P. for Lanes., 1904, and for Dumfriesshire, 1868, for 
Liverpool, 1863 ; resigned after thirty years' service. Publication : Pam- 
phlet on a Railway from Burma to Western China. Recreations : Shooting 
and cricket ; had a shooting licence for fifty years ; has a library of about 
five thousand volumes, among which he now spends much time ; took an active 
part in the Bimetallic Controversy. Club : Palatine, Liverpool. Note : 
Took a leading part in starting the Volunteer Movement in 1859. 

GLANVILLE, Henry James, J. P. (Lond.). 

45, Moorgate Street, E.C., and Manchester and Liverpool ; Langham 
Hotel, London, W. (temp.). Second son of the Rev. John Glanville, of 
Hackney, Middlesex. Honours : Commander of the Portuguese Orders 
" Christo " and " Concep^ao." Married : 1875, to Catherine, daughter of 
J. Bellamy, J, P., of Clapton, Middlesex, Partner in the firm of Pinto Leite 
and Nephews, Bankers, of London, Manchester, and Liverpool. Appoint- 
ment : J. P. for Co. London, 1909. Clubs : Devonshire ; New City. 

CLEAVE, Rev. Thomas, Vicar of Christ Church, Douglas- in -Parbold. 

Douglas Vicarage, near Wigan. Born : Moss Bank, Windle, St. Helens, 
Lanes. ; son of Thomas Gleave, of St. Helens, and Ann Gleave, daughter of 
William Barrett, of Dale Street, Liverpool. Married: 1888, to Margaret, 
daughter of George Elheott and Sarah Johnson (deceased), of Paddington, 
Liverpool, and has issue one son and one daughter : John Howard Gleave, 
born 1894 ; May Gleave, born 1889 ; one son born 1891, died 1891. 
Profession : Vicar of Christ Church, Douglas-in-Parbold. Appointments : 
Curate at St. Mark's, Newtown, Wigan, 1893-1896 ; St. George's, Wigan, 
1896-1899 ; St. Mary's, Eceleston, near Chorley, 1899-1909 ; Vicar of Douglas, 
1909. Recreations : Cycling and walking. Club : Appley Bridge Golf. 

GLOVER, Councillor Henry, ex-Chairman District Council. 

Hillside Farm, Childwall, Liverpool. Telegrams : Broad Green. Born : 
1865, at Kirkby, near Liverpool ; son of Robert Glover and Margaret Glover. 
Educated : Halewood School. Married : December 29th, 1903, to Dorothy 
Emerson, daughter of Joseph and Annie Emerson, and has issue one son and 
one daughter : Henry and Margaret. Occupation : Farmer. Appointments : 
Chairman of Childwall District Council, 1894-1913 ; Overseer for Childwall 
from 1894 ; First Councillor for New Allerton, Childwall, and Little Wolton 
Ward, on City Extension, November, 1913. Club : Conservative. Note : 
Childwall Representative on the War Agricultural Committee. 

GLYNN, Professor Ernest Edward, M.A., M.D. (Cantab.), M.R.C.S., 
F.R.C.P., Pathologist and Bacteriologist. 

62, Rodney Street, Liverpool. Born : 1873, at Liverpool ; son of Pro- 
fessor T. R. Glynn, Holder of the Chair of Medicine, Liverpool University. 
Educated : Liverpool College ; Liverpool and Cambridge Universities ; M.A., 



l62 LANCASHIRE 



M.D. (Cantab.) ; M.R.C.S. ; F.R.C.P, Profession : George Holt Professor 
of Pathology, Liverpool University ; Pathologist and Bacteriologist, Royal 
Infirmary ; formerly Lecturer in Clinical Pathology, Liverpool University, 
acting as Assistant to the late Professor Boyce. Publications : Scientific. 
Recreation : Swimming. Club : University. Note : Capt., R.A.M.C. (T.F.). 

GLYNN, Colonel Thomas Robinson, M.D., F.R.C.P., Professor of 
Medicine. 

62, Rodney Street, Liverpool ; Nerquis Hall, Mold. 'Phone : 2547 Royal. 
Born : At Liverpool ; son of Edward Dushper Glynn, Shipowner, Liverpool, 
and Mary Bird Glynn. Educated : Liverpool College ; St. Bartholomew's 
Hospital, London ; M.D. ; F.R.C.P. Married : Twice — (i) 1872, to Octavia 
M. Paiva, and has issue three sons and two daughters ; (2) 1885, to Alice 
Lewties Griffin, and has issue three sons and two daughters. Profession : 
Professor of Medicine, Liverpool University ; Lumleian Lecturer and Bradshaw 
Lecturer, Royal College of Physicians, 1903 and 1914 ; Consulting Physician, 
Royal Infirmary. Publications : Various papers in medical journals. 
Recreations : Music, painting, golf. Clubs : Athenaeum, Liverpool ; Liver 
Sketching Club, Liverpool ; Royal Liverpool Golf. Note : Hon. Col., 
R.A.M.C. (T.F.)» S.W. Lanes. Ambulance Corps. 

GLYNN-WHITTLE, E. M., M.D. (Cantab.), Consulting Physician 
to Liverpool Maternity Hospital. 

Oriel House, Prince's Avenue, Liverpool. 'Phone : Royal 10. Born : 
1854, at Liverpool ; son of the late Dr. Ewing Whittle, Physician. Educated : 
At the University of Cambridge, where he proceeded first in the ordinary 
course and afterwards in the School of Physic. In the former he gained a 
double first class in literature and mathematics and became M.A. and Member 
of the Senate. He obtained his licence to practice in medicine at the age of 
twenty-one and subsequently, after completing at St. Bartholomew's Hospital 
and the University of Paris an extended course of study, gained the higher 
diploma of the London College of Physicians, and graduated in medicine at 
Dublin and Cambridge with the highest distinctions attainable. He was 
later awarded by Caius College, the headquarters of Medicine at Cambridge, 
a post-graduate presentation for contributions to the literature of diseases of 
women and children. Appointments : Consulting Physician to the Liverpool 
Maternity Hospital, and was formerly Lecturer on Midwifery and 
Senior Surgeon at the Lying-in-Hospital ; President of the Philo- 
mathic Society ; Vice-President of North of England Obstetrical Society, 
and Member of Council, Liverpool Medical Institution. Travelled : Has 
visited foreign hospitals in Canada, United States, Brazil, India. Recreations : 
Athletics, boat-racing, archery, and outdoor games generally. Note : Hon. 
Member and ex-Capt. of the King's (Liverpool) Regt. 

GODFREY, Cedric V., Chief Constable, Salford. 

Town Hail, Salford, Educated : Stamford School ; Denstone College. 
Occupation : Chief Constable of Salford ; served in Derbyshire Constabulary 
and Sheffield City Police ; appointed to Salford, 1908. Notes : Commanded 
a Company of ist Batt. Sherwood Foresters, Notts and Derby Regt. ; now 
Major on active service. Assistant Provost-Marshal of the MiUtary PoUce. 

GODFREY, Rev. Race, M.A., St. Cyprian's, Salford. 

Ordsall Hall, Salford. Born : December 30th, 1883, at Croydon, Surrey ; 
son of Race John and Emma England Godfrey. Educated : Whitgift Grammar 
School, where he was Prefect, Editor of Magazine, and Captain of School, 



BIOGRAPHIES 163 



1900-1901. On leaving he won " Wright " Exhibition of £60 per annum for 
three years tenable at Oxford ; he went to Pembroke College, Oxford, and took 
degree in 1904; B.A., 1908; M.A. Married: Twice — (i) February, 1907, to 
Beatrice Amelia, daughter of Charles and Elizabeth Slee, of Cheetham Hill 
(died November 21st, 1909), and has issue two daughters : Beatrice Elizabeth 
Race, born April 28th, 1908 ; Kathleen Mary Race, born October 15th, 1909 ; 
(2) September 9th, 1913. to Ethel, second daughter of Joseph and Eleanor 
Batey, of Stretford, and has issue one son : Race, born July 24th, 1915. 
Profession : Rector of St. Cyprian's, Salford. Appointment : On Executive 
Committee of Clergy Society, Manchester. Publication : " Memorial Sermon 
on occasion of death of John Slyman, J. P., C.C." Recreations : Tennis and 
reading. Clubs : Old Rectory, Manchester. Masonic Lodge : Maritime, 
3025 ; Office of Chaplain. Career : On leaving College, he took the post of 
Assistant Master at St. George's School, Windsor Castle, 1904-1906, where he 
had partial charge of the education of the choristers of Chapel Royal. On 
January ist, 1907, he was ordained Deacon by the Bishop of Manchester at 
a special ordination (at which he was Gospeller), and Priest in 1908 ; he was 
Curate of Stretford until July, 1913, when he was appointed by Lord Egerton 
of Tatton and others to the living of St. Cyprian's, Salford, which he now holds. 

GOLD -LEVIN, Rev. A. Philip. 

36, Kenmare Road, Liverpool. Born : November 17th, 1882, at Bukarest, 
Roumania ; son of Reuben and Goldina Levin. Educated : Kovno (Russia) 
University School ; Harley College (Theological), London ; and East 
London College (London University) ; Ordained for Christian Ministry, July, 
1910, at Notting Hill Presbyterian Church, London. Married : August, 
1910. Travelled : extensively in Asia Minor, in Northern and Western 
Europe, and North Africa. Recreations : Angling, walking, chess. Masonic 
Lodge : 2294. 

GOLDSCHMIDT, Alderman Hermann Julius, B.A., J.P., Shipping 
Merchant. 

Durham House, 200, Wilmslow Road, Withington, Manchester. Office : 
100, Portland Street, Manchester. Born : February 24th, 1863, at Manchester ; 
son of the late Philip Goldschmidt, Mayor of Manchester, 1883-1886. Edu- 
caied : London and Manchester ; B.A. Occupation : Shipping Merchant. 
Appointments : Member of Court and Council of Victoria University of Man- 
chester ; Hon. Secretary and Deputy Chairman of Manchester Royal Eye 
Hospital ; J. P., City Council, St. James' Ward, 1892 ; Alderman, 1906 ; 
Chairman of Finance Committee of the Corporation ; Deputy-Chairman of 
Overseers for the Township of Manchester. 

GOODFELLOW, Thomas Ashton, M.D., Chairman, South Manchester 
British Medical Association. 

60, Palatine Road, West Didsbury, Manchester. Born : September i6th, 
1865, at Hyde, Cheshire ; son of the late Thomas Goodfellow, of Hyde, 
Cheshire, and Sophia Jane Goodfellow (nee Sunderland) , Southport. Married : 
190 1, to Eleanor Winifred, only daughter of William John Robertson. Wood- 
stock, West Didsbury, and has issue three sons and one daughter : Basil 
Robertson, David Robertson, Peter Robertson, and Christina Sophia. Appoint- 
ments : Chairman, South Manchester Division, British Medical Association, 
1912 ; Member of Manchester Medical Committee. 1913. Publications : Articles 
in Medical Journals. Traveled : East Indies ; Norway. 1891-1892. Recrea- 
tion : Golf. 



i64 LANCASHIRE 



GOODWIN, Councillor Frank Ambrose, Leaf Tobacco Merchant. 

" Stanmore," Meols Drive, Hoylake, Cheshire ('Phone : 406 Hoylakc). 
Office : 27, Gradwell Street, Liverpool ('Phone : 2530 Royal ; Telegrams : 
" GradweU "). Born : April 13th, 1867, at Liverpool; son of the late Ambrose 
Edward and Agnes Goodwin (father a Freeman of Liverpool) . Educated : Liver- 
pool College ; Cambridge Local Examinations and fuU Art Students' Certificate, 
South Kensington. Married : September 12th, 1894, to Marian, daughter of 
the late William WooUiscroft, Land Agent, of Leigh Estate, and has issue 
two sons and one daughter : Eric Frank Ambrose, Geoffrey Horton Ambrose, 
and Winifred Agnes. Occupation : Leaf Tobacco Merchant ; member of 
the firm of Messrs. Edwards, Goodwin and Co. Appointments : City Coun- 
cillo', Liverpool, elected November, 1914 ; Member of Tobacco Imports 
Restriction Committee, Board of Trade, appointed May, 1916 ; Past Chairman, 
Tobacco Trade Section, Liverpool Chamber of Commerce ; Hon. Secretary, 
Abercromby Division, Conservative Association ; Chairman of the Directors 
of Abercromby Club, and representative of the National Union of the Party 
in the Division. Recreations : Painting and golf. Clubs : Athenaeum ; Conser- 
vative ; Junior Conservative ; Artists, Liverpool ; Constitutional, London ; 
Royal Liverpool and Wallasey Golf. Notes : Old Volunteer, No. 2 
Company, Cheshire Regt. ; some years ago held a foremost place as an 
amateur artist, regular Exhibitor at the Liverpool Autumn and other Exhi- 
bitions ; formerly President of the Liverpool Artists' Club. 

GORDON, Rev. George Eldridge, M.A., Vicar of St. Luke's, 
Walton. 

St, Luke's Vicarage, Walton, Liverpool. Born : 1878, at Twerton-on- 
Avon ; son of the Rev, George and Mary Caroline Gordon. Educated : 
Warwick School and Exeter College, Oxford ; M.A. ; Third Class Hon. Mods, 
and Lit. Hum. Profession : Vicar of St. Luke's, Walton. Publications : 
Contributor to " The Lay Reader : His Office and Work." Recreation : 
Fishing. Note : Hon. Chaplain of Westminster Road Auxiliary Military 
Hospital. 

GORHAM, James John, J.P., M.A., M.D., D.Ph. (Cantab.). 

Campbell House, Clapham Common, S.W. Born : 1851 ; fifth son of 
Anthony Gorham, of Clifden, Ireland, and Mary Coneys, of Achris House, 
Co. Galway. Educated: Royal University, Ireland, M.A., M.D., etc. ; D.Ph., 
Cambridge. Married : 1899, to Mary, sixth daughter of Joseph Smith, of 
Lancaster, and has issue one son and one daughter : Mary Honoria, born 
1901 ; Maurice Anthony Coneys, born 1902. Appointments : J. P. for London 
and Lanes. ; Member of various London County Council Sub-Committees, 
Old Age Pensions, Training Colleges, etc. Publications : London letters for 
Lanes, papers. Travelled : South Africa, France, etc. Recreations : Reading 
historical works and cycling. Club : Royal Societies, St. James's Street, 
S.W. Note : Owns property in Liverpool. 

GOSLIN, Walter, Incorporated Insurance Broker. 

The Lindens, Newton-le-WiUows. 'Phone : 48, Newton-le- Willows. 
Business : Diocesan Church House, Deansgate, Manchester. Born : October 
13th, 1867, at Exeter, Devonshire ; son of Joseph and Mary Catherine Goshn. 
Occupation : Incorporated Insurance Broker. Appointments : Lanes. County 
Councillor, and Newton-in-Makerfield Urban District Council. Recreation : 
Golf. Career : Returned from Missionary work in Japan in 1895, and com- 
menced in insurance. Was partner with Messrs. W. T. Oxersly and Co., Liver- 
pool, for six years till 1912, when started the firm of W, Goslin and Co. Has 



BIOGRAPHIES 165 



been Vice-Chairman for Lanes, and Cheshire of the Corporation of Insur- 
ance Brokers and Agents since 1912 ; County Councillor for Lanes, for the past 
three years and Member of Newton-in-Makerfield Urban District Council for 
past six years. 

GOURLAY, Robert, J.P., M.B., CM., Medallist Senior Surgery. 

Spring Street, Oldham. 'Phone : 571. Born : November 5th, 1859, 
at Kirkintilloch ; son of Nilla Gourlay. Educated : M.B. ; CM. ; Medallist 
Senior Surgery, 1883. Married : December 21st, 1887, to Sarah Knott, 
daughter of Edward and Mrs. Knott. Profession : Surgeon. Appoint- 
ments : Chairman, General Motor Company ; Deputy Medical Officer Poor 
Law, Oldham (North) ; J. P., for Lanes., 1911. Recreation : Football. Clubs : 
Central Conservative ; Caledonian. 

GRAHAM, John William, Principal of Dalton Hall, University of 
Manchester. 

Dalton Hall, Victoria Park, Manchester. Born: July 20th, 1859, at 
Preston ; eldest son of Michael and Ann Graham. Educated : Friends' 
Schools, Ackworth and Kendal ; Flounders' Institute ; University College, 
London ; King's College, Cambridge ; took Mathematical Tripos (Aegrotat), 
1884. Married: July 2nd, 1891, to Margaret, daughter of Richard B. 
Brockbank, of the Nook, Crosby, Maryport, and has issue two sons and three 
daughters : Olive, Richard Brockbank, Godfrey Michael, Rachel, and Agnes 
Bowman. Publications : Author of " The Destruction of Daylight " ; " The 
Meaning of Quakerism " ; " Evolution and Empire " ; " War from a Quaker 
Point of View " ; etc. ; writer of numerous articles on religious and ethical 
subjects. Recreations : Mountain climbing, natural history, cycUng. 
Career : Assistant Master at York and Kendal ; Tutor at Dalton Hall, 1886, 
and Principal since 1897 ; Treasurer of University Settlement ; Chairman 
of Smoke Abatement League of Great Britain ; takes frequent part in the 
ministry of the Society of Friends (Chairman of Peace Committee of the 
Society). 

GRANT, Lieut. James Gibson, of the 2/lOth (Scottish) Batt. K.L.R. 
(Liverpool Scottish). 

15, Aigburth Drive, Sefton Park. 'Phone : 55. Lark Lane, Liverpool. 
Born : 1891, at Cairo, Egypt ; son of the late Dr. Grant Bey. of Cairo and 
Aberdeen, and Florence S. Grant, nee Gibson, of Liverpool. Educai-ed : 
Loretto, and The Leys School. Occupation : With African merchants 
before the war. Recreation : Rugby football, plays forward in first team 
of Liverpool Club. Notes : Joined Liverpool Scottish some 2I years before 
the war as private ; went out with ist Batt. November 1914, and was at 
the front (promoted Lance-Corporal) through all actions of Regt. till he 
took Commission in October. 1915 ; now w4th 2nd Batt. of Liverpool 
Scottish, as 2nd Lieut. 

GRANT, Alderman Jacob Reuben, J.P., Member, Lancashire 

Asylums Board. 

St. Ann's, Croxteth Drive. Sefton Park. Liverpool. 'Phone : 172 Royal. 
Born : 1848, at Liverpool ; son of Henry and Sophia Grant. Educated : 
Liverpool Hebrew Education Institute ; Frankfort-on-Main University ; 
Merchant Taylors' School. Great Crosby. Married : 1S74. to Matilda Myers, 
of Birmingham, and has issue one daughter : Adeline. Occupation : Pro- 



i66 LANCASHIRE 



prietor of the Globe House Furnishing Co. ; Appointments : Chairman of 
Baths Committee, 1892-1895 ; of Parks and Gardens Committee, since 1905 ; 
Liverpool City Council (L.), St. Ann's Ward, 1890-1899 ; resigned; re-elected 
(C), Walton Ward, 1900 ; Alderman, 1903 ; J. P., 1906 ; Member of Lanes. 
Asylums Board. Club : Conservative. 

GRAYSON, Hastwell, M.A. (Cantab.), F.R.I.B.A. 

2, Woodhey, Rock Ferry. Born : 1871, at Rock Ferry ; elder son of 
George Grayson, Holmfield, Birkenhead, and Helen, daughter of Richard 
Thornton, of Cottingley Hall, Yorkshire. Educated : Sedbergh and Em- 
manuel College, Cambridge; F.R.LB.A. Married: 1902, to Marion, only 
daughter of the late Alfred Cowie, of Birkenhead, and has issue one 
daughter : Rosalind, born 1903. Profession : Architect. Appointments : 
Member of the Court of Liverpool University ; Chairman, Albert Industrial 
School, Birkenhead ; Member of Higher Bebington Urban District Council ; 
ex-President of Liverpool Architectural Society. Travelled : America and 
Continent. Recreations : Golf and gardening. Clubs : Exchange, Liverpool ; 
Wallasey Golf ; Oxford and Cambridge Univ. Golfing Society. 

GREAVES, Rev. John George, Wesleyan Minister. 

35, Carr Road, Nelson. Born : August i6th, 1856, at Birstall, near 
Leeds ; son of George and Jane Greaves, of Craven House, Gomersal, 
near Leeds. Educated : Bank House Academy, Keighley ; Leeds Mechanics' 
Institute ; Headingley College, Leeds. Married : 1897, at Stoke, Devonport, 
to Amy Florence Mabel, daughter of Alderman Blackall, J. P., Mayor of Devon- 
port. Appointment : Wesleyan Minister, now Superintendent of the Nelson 
Circuit. Publications : " Methodism in the City of the Proto-Martyr and 
St. Albans Circuit " ; " Chapel Affairs re District Synods " ; articles 
in various magazines. Travelled : Extensively in British Isles, France, 
Belgium, Holland, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, etc. Recreation : 
Long walks amid mountain and moorland scenery. Notes : Been Financial 
Secretary of Devonport and Plymouth District ; District Chapel Secretary of 
Second London and Birmingham and Shrewsbury Districts ; Secretary of Con- 
ference Arrangements Executive ; Property owner at Gomersal, near Leeds ; 
appointed by the War Office Visiting Chaplain to wounded soldiers at the 
Oldham Infirmary and Auxiliary Hospitals during the last year. 

GREEN, John Johnston, J. P., Chairman of Blackburn Chamber of 
Commerce. 

South Liverpool Road, Southport. Born : 1855, at Huddersfield ; son 
of Edward and Helen Green, of Bold Road, Huddersfield. Educated : 
Huddersfield College. Married : 1882, at Hahfax, to Fanny, daughter of 
Alderman Joseph Barrowclough, Claremont House, Huddersfield, and West- 
field, Lightchffe, and has issue one son : David Johnston, born September 
3rd, 1883. Appointments : J. P. for Lancashire County, 1907 ; Southport 
Borough, 1913 ; Darwen Borough, 1903 ; Chairman, Blackburn Chamber of 
Commerce. Publications : "In Search of the Sun " ; " The Land of the 
Future," etc. Travelled : Extensively, Europe, Asia, Africa, America, Aus- 
tralia. Recreations : Yachting and caravaning. Clubs : Junior Constitu- 
tional, London ; Royal Yorkshire Yacht. 

GREEN, Ralph Ernest, F.R.S.A., Art Master. 

Chorley Road, Boar's Head, Wigan ; Education Offices, Wigan. Born : 
February 6th, 1877, at Bangor, North Wales ; second son of Mary and Ralph 
Green. Educated : School of Science and Art, Southport ; Royal College 



BIOGRAPHIES 167 



of Art, London ; Art Master's Certificate. Married : October loth, 1901, to 
Alice, daughter of Richard and Jane Pearson, of Penrith, and has issue one 
son and two daughters : Appointments : Art Master ; Supervisor of Art Teach- 
ing, Wigan Education Authority. Publicaiions : " Practical Brush Draw- 
ing " ; " Object Drawing " ; " Nature Drawing " (Schofield and Sims, Ltd.) 
" Friends of the Riverside " (Anghng Sketches), (Murray and Evenden, Ltd.) 
contributor at intervals to the Schoolmaster and other Journals. Recrea 
Hon : Fly-fishing for trout. Notes : Member of Wigan Volunteer Corps 
Member, Fellow of Royal Society of Arts. Career : At School, Leamington 
and Southport ; gained a Lanes. County Council Scholarship of £60 a year for 
three years to Royal College of Art, London. First appointment in 1901 to 
Central Technical School, Liverpool, In 1903 went to Harrogate School of 
Art and Ripon Training College. In 1905 received present appointment. 

GREEN, William Lees, J. P., Chemical Manufacturer. 

Green Lawn, Lowton, Lanes. Telegrams : Lowton, Lanes. Born .• 1864, 
at Manchester ; eldest son of the late John Green, of Oaklands, Lowton, J.P., 
and Emma Lees Green. Educated : Manchester Grammar School. Married : 
1909, to Rose Agnes Monaghan, and by her first marriage Rose Agnes 
de Braunstein, daughter of John and Beatrice Monaghan, of County 
Monaghan, Ireland, and of York. Occupation: Chemical Manufacturer. 
Appointments : J. P. for Lanes., 1907 ; Member, Leigh Literary Society. 
Author: Essays, but not as pubhcations. Recreations: Literature, tennis. 
Club : National Liberal. Note : A Special Constable. 

GREEN, Rev. William Samuel, Minister, United Methodist Church. 

10, Pole Lane, Failsworth, Manchester. Born : June 22nd, 1883, at 
Birmingham ; second son of Thomas William and Elizabeth Green, of Har- 
borne. Educated : Technical Science School, Birmingham ; Ranmoor College, 
Sheffield ; London School of Economics. Married : August, 1913, to Ada, 
only daughter of Louis and Annie Spencer, of Sheffield, and has issue one son : 
Harold. Profession : Minister, United Methodist Church. Publications : 
" The Guarded Door," etc. ; articles, etc. Recreations : Golf and travel. 

GREEN ALL, James Peter. 

Abbey Hey House, Gorton, Manchester. Born : At Boston, Lines. ; son 
of Jonathan and Margaret Greenall, of Boston. Married : September, 1887, 
to Mary Benson, daughter of Noble Benson, and Agnes, of Witherstack, Grange- 
over-Sands, Westmorland, and has issue two sons : Henry (serving in the 
Mechanical Transport in the East) ; James Benson (Lieut, of the Royal 
Engineers). Occupation : None, having retired in 1908. Appointments : 
Member of Manchester City Council (Lab.), Gorton North Ward, 1908. Notes : 
On Committee of Recruiting, 8th Batt., Manchester Regt., and doing munition 
work for duration of war. 

GREEN-EMMOTT, Walter Egerton John, J.P., late Capt. 3rd Batt., 

East Lanes. Regt. 

Emmott Hall, Colne, Lanes. ; Rawdon, Yorkshire. Born : August nth, 
1865, at Timbarra, Australia ; only surviving son of George Green-Emmott, 
of Emmott Hall, Colne, Lanes., and Louisa Mary Sheridan, second daughter 
of Major John Macpherson, of Pitmain, N.B., and Marion Collette, second 
daughter of John Addison, Resident Judge, Moorshadabad, Bengal. Edu- 
cated : Privately. Married : August ist, 1893, at Binstead, Isle of Wight, 
to Kathleen Louise, eldest daughter of the Hon. H. P. Vereker, LL.D., F.R.G.S.. 



i68 LANCASHIRE 



fourth son of the third Viscount Gort, and Louise Elizabeth Mary, daughter and 
co-heiress of George Bagot Gosset, 4th Dragoon Guards, and has issue three 
sons and two daughters. Appointment : J. P. for Lanes., 1896. Travelled : 
Extensively on the Continent. Recreations : Fishing, shooting, golf. Club : 
Junior Constitutional, London, S.W. Notes : The family has been settled for 
over six hundred years at Emmott Hall, which was built by Robert Emmott, 
in 1310. In 1895, Mr. Green-Emmott inherited the Rawdon estates from his 
cousin, Montague Green-Emmott Rawdon. 

GREENHALGH, John, L.R.C.P. (I.), L.M. 

I, Bolton Road, Atherton, Manchester. Born : June 22nd, 1850, at Uns- 
worth, Bury, Lanes. ; son of Thomas Greenhalgh, of Folds Road, Bolton, Spindle 
and Flyer Manufacturer, and Sarah, daughter of John Agar, Watch and Clock 
Maker, Jeweller and Goldsmith, of Bury, Lanes. Educated : St. Paul's School, 
HalliweU, Bolton ; Working Men's College, HaUfax ; St. Mark's College, 
Chelsea, London ; Owens College, Manchester ; L.R.C.P. (L) ; L.M. Pro- 
fession : Physician and Surgeon. Appointments : President of the Atherton 
Football and Athletic Club ; Member of the Lanes. County Cricket Club ; late 
Poor Law Medical Officer and Vaccination Officer for Skelmanthorpe, and 
Fylingdales, Yorkshire ; late Medical Officer of Health for Emley, Yorkshire. 
Author : " Contagious Diseases " ; " Disinfectants and How to Use Them " ; 
"Parochial Choirs." Travelled: The British Isles. Recreations: Cricket, 
footbzill, hunting, music. 

GREENSILL, Rev. Edward, M.A., Vicar of Christ Church, Accrington. 

Christ Church Vicarage, Accrington. Born : August i6th, 1850, at Great 
Wyrley, Staffs. ; son of Thomas and Mary Greensill, of Great Wyrley, Staffs. 
Educated: Cannock Grammar School; B.A., 1873; M.A., 1880; Trinity 
College, Dublin (First Class Divinity Testimonium; Hebrew Prizeman). 
Married: iSyy, at Thame, Oxfordshire, to Harriette Seymour, daughter of 
Daniel Pouting, of Thame, and has issue five sons and four daughters. 
Profession : Clerk in Holy Orders. Appointments : Vicar of Christ Church, 
Accrington, 1885 ; Chapter Clerk, R.D., Accrington, 1892 ; Chairman, St. John's 
Ambulance Centre, 1886, Recreation : Golf. Club : Old Rectory, Man- 
chester. (Now deceased.) 

GREEVES, Councillor Francis John, J.P., L.R.C.P. (I.)-. L.R.C.S.(I.)., 
L.M., Barrister. 

St. Alban's View, Blackburn. Born : 1870, at Galway ; son of the late 
Ed. Greaves. Educated : Carmichael College, Dublin ; Royal College of Sur- 
geons, Ireland, and T.C.D. ; L.R.C.P. (I.) ; L.R.C.S.(I.) ; L.M., 1892 ; Bar- 
rister-at-Law, Gray's Inn, 1912. Married : At Blackheath, to Isobel, 
daughter of the late Pryce Jones, of Oswestry, 1895, and has issue two sons : 
Norman Mellor, born 1896 ; Eric Dudley, born 1897. Appointments : 
J. P., 1906 ; Member of Town Council since 1900. Publications : Articles 
dealing with Irish Language, Literature, Nationality, etc. Recreations : 
Reading, politics, photography. Notes : Silver Medal in Medicine and 
Surgery, Dublin, 1890 ; Senior Resident Medical Officer, Jervis Street 
Hospital, Dublin, 1892-1893 ; Chairman, Local Medical Committees and Mem- 
ber of Insurance and various Committees ; President of Blackburn and District 
Medical Society, 1913-1914 ; Vice-Chairman, Public Health Committee ; 
Vice-Chairman, Free Library, etc.. Committee ; Chairman, Blackburn War 
Emergency Committee, British Medical Association ; Member, Local Recruiting 
Committee; Certifying Surgeon to Home Office; Chairman Blackburn 
Division, B.M.U. His son, Eric Dudley Greeves, 2nd Lieut., Connaught Rangers, 



BIOGRAPHIES 169 



August ist, 1914; Lieut , April, 1915 ; on active service with Indian Expe- 
ditionary Force, F'rance, from May ist, 1915; wounded in action with General 
Aylmer's Kut ReUef Force, Mesopotamia, January 21st, 1916 ; late Sergt., 
Ellesmere College, Contingent O.T.C. Another son, Norman Mellor Greeves, 
late of the Dublin University O.T.C, late Sergt., Ellesmere College Contingent 
O.T.C, attached 9th Liverpools, Weeton Camp, 1915, as drill instructor; 
Cadet in ist Ofl&cers' Cadet Battalion, Denham, Bucks. 

GREG, Major John Ronald, R.G.A., Director and Landowner. 

Escowbeck, Caton, Lancaster. Born : November, 1866, at Macclesfield ; 
eldest son of Albert Greg, of Escowbeck, Caton, Lancaster, and Ellen, daughter 
of the late Edmund Ronalds, of London. Educated : Rugby and private tutor. 
Married : June 9th, 1897, at Parish Church, Ulverston, to Esther, sixth 
daughter of the late John Fell, D.L., of Flan How, Ulverston, Lanes., and has 
issue one son and one daughter : Ralph Murray, bom December i8th, 1901 ; 
Helen Margaret, born March nth, 1907. Appointments : J. P. for County of 
Lancaster ; Director, Metropolitan Wagon and Finance Co. Travelled : 
North and South America, Mexico, and throughout Europe. Recreation : 
Outdoor. Club : Ranelagh. Notes : Owns three hundred acres at Caton ; 
Major S.M. (Warwickshire) R.G.A., Heavy Battery. Was Unionist Candidate 
for Nuneaton Division, February, 1911-13. 

GREGSON, Arthur Herbert, M.B., Ch.B. 

86, Lower Audley Street, Blackburn. 'Phone : ii2x. Born : April 17th, 
1880, at Blackburn ; son of Charles Henry Gregson, of Blackburn, and Mary, 
daughter of James Whittaker, of Blackburn. Educated : Queen Elizabeth's 
Grammar School; Owens College, Victoria University, Manchester; M.B., 
Ch.B. Married : June 23rd, 1908, at St. Silas' Church, Blackburn, to Edith, 
daughter of Richard Riley Haworth, of Blackburn, and Mary EUzabeth, 
daughter of James Threlfall, of Blackburn, and has issue two daughters and one 
son : Edith Mary, born May 12th, 1909 ; Kathleen, born November 19th, 
1910 ; Arthur Henry, born November 12th, 1913. Profession : Physician and 
Surgeon. Appointments : Medical Referee, Wesleyan and General Assurance 
Society and Scottish Legal Assurance Society. Publication : " Hope for the 
Consumptive." Travelled : Germany and Switzerland. Recreations : Tennis, 
Badminton, motoring, golf, radiographer and electro-therapeutist. Not^ : 
Inventor of sterilizer for shaving brushes. 

GRENSTED, Rev. Canon Frederic Finnis, B.A., M.A., Vicar of 
Melling, Liverpool; Diocesan Inspector of Religious Knowledge. 

The Vicarage, Melling, Liverpool. Born : December 14th, 1857, at 
Maidstone ; son of William and Julia Theresa Grensted, of Maidstone. Edu- 
cated : Maidstone Grammar School (Lubbock Scholar) ; University College, 
Oxford (Gunsley Exhibitioner) ; First Class Honours Natural Science ; Ordained. 
1883. Married : 1884, to Gertrude Ellen, youngest daughter of Alexander 
Plimpton, of Spring House, Merton. Surrey, and has issue two sons and one 
daughter : Laurence William, Alfred, and Theresa Charlotte. Appointtnents : 
Curate, St. Nicholas, Blundellsands, 1883-1890 ; Second Master, Merchant 
Taylors' School, Great Crosby, 1883-1895 ; Diocesan Inspector of Religious 
Education for Diocese of Liverpool, 1895, and at present. Hon. Canon, Liver- 
pool, 1908 ; Vicar of Melling, St. Thomas' Holy Rood, since 1912. Publi- 
cations : A few Scientific Papers for Liverpool Geological Society, etc. ; article 
in Hibbert Journal, " Timelessness of the Eternal," January. 1907 ; in the 
" Interpreter," on Rev. xii., October, 191 1 ; articles in the Prayer Book Dic- 
tionary, 1912, on " The Calendar," " The Punctuation of the Prayer Book." 
etc. Has two sons, both now serving in His Majesty's Forces. Eldest son 



170 LANCASHIRE 



Rev. Laurence William Grensted, Vice-Principal of Egerton Hall, Manchester, 
is now temporary Chaplain in Charge of Hospitals in Manchester for wounded 
soldiers ; second son, Alfred Grensted, has joined the 26th Royal Fusihers 
(Bankers) as private. 

GRIEVE, Rev. Nicbol, M.A., Minister of Presbyterian Church of 
England. 

27, Arundel Avenue, Liverpool. Born : 1868, at Sunderland ; eldest 
son of William Todd Grieve and Mary Hyslop. Educated : Royal Grammar 
School, Newcastle-on-Tyne ; Edinburgh University ; Presbyterian Church of 
England Theological College, London (now Westminster College, Cambridge). 
Profession : Minister of Presbyterian Church of England. Recreations : Golf 
and chess. Club : Liverpool Reform. Career : For some time after leaving 
school engaged in coal exporter's and shipowner's office. Minister of 
Presbyterian Church of England, Newbiggin-by-the-Sea, for six years ; of 
Princes Road Presbyterian Church of England, Liverpool, since 1899 » ^^" 
Member of Morpeth Board of Guardians ; Past President of Liverpool Free 
Church Council ; Hon. Secretary of the Toxteth Union Nonconformist Service, 
and of the Liverpool Seamen's Friend Society ; Joint Clerk of the Presbytery 
of Liverpool. 

GRIFFIN, Frank, A.R.C.A. (Lond.), Art Master and Lecturer. 

Municipal School of Art, Hilden Street, Bolton. Born : 1864, at Bir- 
mingham ; second son of the late John and Elizabeth Griffin, of Birmingham 
and Glasgow. Educated : Birmingham and Glasgow for general education ; 
Glasgow and London for Art training ; ten years at Glasgow School of Art 
as Student and Teacher ; five years at Royal College of Art as Master in training 
and Assistant Teacher. Diploma : A.R.C.A. (London). Has lectured for 
various Educational bodies in the North of England. Profession : Art Master 
and Lecturer. Travelled : Studied Industrial Art in Paris. Recreations : 
Golf, gardening, boating. Clubs : Smithhills and Castletown Golf. Note : 
Chairman, Derby Recruiting Scheme Canvassing Committee for one of the 
Divisions of the County Borough of Bolton. 

GRIFFITH, Rev. Griffith Wynne, B.A., B.D. 

4, St. Ambrose Grove, Anfield, Liverpool. Born : February 4th, 1883, 
at Anglesey ; son of John and Judith Griffith. Educated: U.C.N.W., Bangor; 
Bala Theological College ; Jesus College, Oxford ; B.A. (Hons. Philosophy) ; 
B.D. (Wales). Married : April 14th, 1914, to Grace, second daughter of Capt. 
and Mrs. Roberts, Pros Kairon, Anglesey, and has issue" two children: 
Gwilym Wynne and Huw Wynne. Occupation : Minister of CM. Church, 
Douglas Road, Liverpool. Publications : Articles in magazines and reviews 
in the Principality. 

GRIFFITHS, John, Colour and Crayon Manufacturer. 

19, Rectory Road, Higher Crumpsall, Manchester. Born : At Withy 
Grove, Manchester ; son of William and Elizabeth Griffiths, late of Withy 
Grove. Occupation : Colour and Crayon Manufacturer. Appointments : 
Salford Town Council ; Alderman for Hope Ward. Masonic Lodge : St. John's 
Chapter, Manchester. Note : On Local War Committees. 

GRIFFITHS, Rev. Myles, Baptist Minister. 

78, Garnett Avenue, Kirkdale, Liverpool. Born : August nth, 1874, 
at Neath, Glamorganshire, South Wales; son of John and Ehzabeth Griffiths. 
Educated : Bangor Baptist Theological College for five years ; passed the 



BIOGRAPHIES 171 



A.T.S. in two years' time and F.T.S. (Fellow of Theological College) at the end of 
fourth year. '^Married : April 7th, 1903, at Penyrallt English Baptist Chapel, 
to Maggie Roberts, daughter of Hugh and Elizabeth Roberts, of Tanyrallt 
Farm, Bangor. Profession : Baptist Minister (ordained at Gadlys, Aberdare, 
South Wales, in 1902, went to Bousfield Street, Liverpool, in 1907). Publica- 
tions : Wrote articles on Miracles of Jesus, Christianity in the Light of Com- 
parative Religion, etc., to Welsh periodicals. Recreation : Music. 

GRIME, John, Freeman, Alderman, and J. P. 

" Craiglee," Hornby Road ('Phone: 252) ; Gazette-News Ofi&ce ('Phone: 
82). Born : At Preston, Lanes. Occupation : Newspaper Director of the 
Gazette-News for Blackpool, Fleetwood, Lytham, St. Annes, and the Fylde 
and other Wyre Districts. Appointments : Freeman, Alderman, and J. P. for 
the County Borough of Blackpool. 

GRIME, Councillor Joseph Crookes, F.I.S.A., Director of Fourteen 
Companies . 

Sandhurst, South Shore, Blackpool ; 36, Peter Street, Manchester. 
'Phone : 1939 and 1940. Telegrams : Hoardings, Manchester. Born : Sep- 
tember 2ist, 1874, at Manchester ; son of the late Councillor Joseph Grime, 
J. P., and Louisa Grime. Educated : Manchester Technical School ; Fellow 
of Institute of Secretaries. Married : August i8th, 1896, to Florence Mary, 
daughter of John Hall, Enniskillen, Ireland. Occupation : Advertising 
Contractor ; Director of fourteen Companies. Appointments : Councillor of 
City of Manchester ; Member of the Watch, Highways, Nominations, ParUa- 
mentary and other Committees of the Corporation ; Chairman of the Miles 
Platting Conservative Club ; Chairman and Organiser of the Daisy Day Move- 
ment ; President of the Lanes, and adjacent Counties Billposters' Associa- 
tion, 1908-1909 ; ex-Chairman and Promoter of Blackpool Institutes Associa- 
tion ; Vice-President and Trustee of the Holland Street Ragged School, and 
President of the Ancoats Healthy Homes Society; Representative of North- 
East Manchester on the National Union of Conservative and Liberal Unionist 
Associations and also on the Lanes. Division of the same body ; Member of 
the National Relief Fund Committee, and of the General Committee and 
Reception Committee of the British Association ; Chairman of Street Trading 
Committee ; Chairman, Southern Highways Com. ; President of the United 
Billposters' Association for Great Britain and Ireland ; Vice-President Victoria 
Swimming Club, Swan Swimming Club, and a large number of cricket, football, 
and similar organisations throughout Manchester ; Member of Manchester 
Wheelers, Ancoats Oddfellows, Alexandra Buffaloes, and Order of Rechabites. 
Recreations : Cycling, golf, riding, photography. Clubs : Old Links ; New 
Islington, Fergusson, Miles Platting, South Shore Bowling ; Royal Automobile, 
Pall Mall. Masonic Lodge : 2185, Ardwick (Chaplain). Notes .• Leader 
of No. 3 Company Special Constables. Taken great interest in recruiting and 
Red Cross work in Manchester, in drafting posters and advertisements, and his 
assistance in this and other directions has been of great service. Member of 
the Local Tribunal for Manchester. 

GRINDON, Rev. Henry Maunsell, M.A., Assistant Chaplain, Mersey 
Mission to Seamen. 

Mersey Mission, Birkenhead. Born : August ist, 1867, at Halifax, N.S.. 
Canada ; son of Octavius Maunsell Grindon, and Emma Louise Grindon (n^ 
Clarke). Educated : Clifton College ; London University, M.A. (Classics), 1889 ; 
Christ's College, Cambridge, B.A. (Second Class Classical Tripos), 1892 ; Second 



172 LANCASHIRE 



Class Theological Tripos, 1894 ; M.A., 1896. Profession : Assistant Chaplain, 
Mersey Mission to Seamen, 1903-1913, and again, 1916 ; English Chaplain, 
Corfu, 1913-1914 ; Assistant-Chaplain, All Saints', Cairo, 1914-1915. Recrea- 
tion : Cycling. 

GRISEWOOD, William Harold, Chartered Accountant, Company 
Director. 

9, Westminster Road, Liscard ('Phone : Liscard 545) ; and Vron Deg, 
Cilcen, Flints.; Office: 2, Exchange Street East, Liverpool ('Phone: 
Central 2171, Private Branch Ex.). Telegrams: "Grisewood," Liverpool. 
Bor7t : 1872, at Liverpool ; eldest son of William Grisewood, of Whitehaven 
and Liverpool, and Mary Alice, daughter of W, J. Bosomworth, of Liverpool. 
Educated : Merchant Taylors' School. Married : 1895, to Gertrude, second 
daughter of Humphrey Horspool, of Leicester, and has issue two daughters : 
Sibyl Iris, born 1896 ; Muriel Ruth, born 1904. Profession : Chartered 
Accountant (Messrs. William Grisewood and Son, 2, Exchange Street East, 
Liverpool) ; Director of several companies. Travelled : France and Germany. 
Recreation : Golf. Clubs : Conservative ; Artists ; Old Manor ; Liverpool 
Yacht ; Leasowe Golf. 

GROVES, William Peer, F.C.S., B.A. (Science), Director of Public 
Company. 

Peer Groves, Salford, Manchester ; Knutsford ; Ramsey, Isle of Man. 
Born : 1878, at Stretford ; son of the late James Grimble Groves, D.L., J. P. 
Educated: Rossall ; Christ's College, Cambridge ; B.A. (Science). Married: 
May, 1902, to Margery Helen, daughter of Tom Waller, Barrister, Bowden, 
Cheshire, and has issue four sons : Pete, Anthony, Michel, and Philip. Occu- 
pation : Brewer ; Journalist ; Director of Public Companies. Publications : 
" Song of Love," and other poems ; " The Honey Bee," etc., and many articles 
in the public Press. Recreations : Fishing, walking, ballooning, wrestling ; 
interested in fine arts, Japanese prints, and Oriental arts generally. Clubs : 
Constitutional, Carlyle. Masonic Lodge : Maughold, 1796, Isle of Man. 
Note : R.N.A.S. ; Flight Lieut, on Admiralty Air Department Staff. 

GRUNDY, Arthur Edward, Solicitor, CO., Clerk to District 
Insurance Committee . 

" Strathdene," Dukinfield ; 2, John Dalton Street, Manchester ; and 
Crumpsall. Born : June ist, 1881, at Dukinfield, in the County of Chester ; 
son of Samuel and Martha Grundy, of Dukinfield. Educated : Moravian 
School, Dukinfield, and afterwards had private tutor. Married : To Mary, 
daughter of William Cartwright, A.M.I.C.S., and Ann Cartwright, of " In- 
nellan," Dukinfield. Profession: Solicitor; Commissioner for Oaths ; passed 
final examination, June, 1905, and acquired the old-established practice of 
Loweshine and Humphries, carried on at 2, John Dalton Street, Manchester, 
and Crumpsall since the year 1842. Appointtnents : Clerk to Dukinfield 
District Insurance Committee ; Honorary Solicitor to Certificated Association 
of Bailiffs of England and Wales Northern Branch. Travelled : Scotland, 
Ireland, France. Recreations : Tennis, golf, motoring. Note : Member of 
the Manchester Law Society, and the Ashton-under-Lyne District Law Society, 

GULLAN, Lieut. -Col. Archibald Gordon, M.D., M.R.C.P., F.R.C.S., 
Consulting Physician. 

37, Rodney Street, Liverpool ('Phone: 2425 Royal Liverpool). Born: 
October 15th, 1871, at Swansea; son of Archibald Black Gullan (Scottish) 
and Ellen Gullan (nee Freeman), (English). Educated: Birkenhead School; 



BIOGRAPHIES 173 



University College, Liverpool ; London University ; M.D. (London), M.R.C.P, 
(London); F.R.C.S. (England). Married: January nth, 1913, to Louise 
Bowman, third daughter of the late James Henry and Elizabeth Bowman, of 
New Brighton, Cheshire. Profession : Consulting Physician. Appointments : 
Senior Physician to the Liverpool Stanley Hospital ; Lecturer in Clinical 
Medicine, University of Liverpool ; Lieut. -Col., R.A.M.C. (T.F.) ; O.C, i/3rd 
West Lanes. Field Ambulance ; Member of University and Liverpool Medical 
Institution. Career : Since mobilisation on August 4th, 1914, has been in 
command of the i/3rd West Lanes. Field Ambulance (Head-quarters, St. Helens, 
Lanes.). He raised a second line in one day in September, 1914. Has been 
stationed with his Field Ambulance in Knowsley Park, Lanes., Tunbridge 
Wells, and Canterbury, and his regiment has done good work looking after the 
health of the troops. Numerous drafts have been sent to various corps and 
to other Field Ambulances, but it has been maintained to full strength in all 
ranks, including officers, and all for imperial service. Lt.-Col. A. Gordon Gullan 
is now abroad in command of his Field Ambulance. Recreations : Mountaineer- 
ing, golf. Publications : Articles in the Medical Press, on Acute Nephritis, 
Chronic Rheumatism, Cerebro-spinal Meningitis, Addison's Disease, Pernicious 
Anaemia, Exophthalmic Goitre, etc. Masonic Lodge : Croxteth United 
Service, 786 (I.P.M.). 

GUPPY, Henry, M.A. (Vict.), Librarian, John Rylands Library. 

John Rylands Library, Deansgate, Manchester ; " Sunwick," Buxton. 
Born : December 31st, 1861 ; eldest son of Henry and Elizabeth Guppy (nee 
Dawson), of London and Sherborne (now deceased). Educated : City of 
London. Married : 1885, to Matilda, second daughter of John Bumby, R.N., 
late of Clovelly, and has issue two daughters : Lilian, born September 2nd, 
1887 (wife of Councillor V. S. Wood, of Manchester and Buxton) ; Alberta, 
born June i8th, 1892. Occupation : Librarian of the John Rylands Library; 
Hon. Fellow and Vice-President Library Association. Author : " Hand-list 
of Proclamations, George I. — Victoria," 1898-1901 ; " Propositio Johannis 
Russell, printed by W. Caxton," 1909 ; " Historical Description of the John 
Rylands Library," 1914 ; Editor of the Library Association Record, 1899- 
1903 ; " The Bulletin of the John Rylands Library," 1903, etc. ; " The John 
Rylands Facsimiles " ; numerous catalogues, literary and bibliographical 
pamphlets, and contributions to various periodicals. Club : Reform, Manchester. 

GUTHRIE, Thomas, F.R.S.M., Hon. Laryngologist to Liverpool 
Royal Infirmary. 

78, Rodney Street, Liverpool ('Phone : 3979 Royal) ; Greta, Heswall, 
Cheshire ('Phone : 189 Heswall). Born : May 3rd, 1878, at Liverpool ; eldest 
son of Alexander and Marian Guthrie. Educated : Greenbank School, Liver- 
pool ; Sedbergh School, Yorkshire ; Cambridge University ; St. Thomas's 
Hospital, London ; Vienna University ; First Class Honours, Natural Science 
Tripos, Cambridge ; Honorary Exhibition, King's College, Cambridge. 
Married : At Roehampton, to Winifred de Home Robinson, daughter of 
J. W. Robinson, of Putney Hill, London, and has issue two sons : Maurice 
and Alexander. Profession : Aurist and Laryngologist. Hon. Lar\-ngologist, 
Liverpool Royal Infirmary ; Hon. Aurist and Laryngologist, Roj-al Liverpool 
County Hospital for Children, and Hoylake and West Kirby Cottage Hospital ; 
Fellow Royal Society of Medicine ; Member Liverpool Medical Institution, 
British Medical Association, Liverpool Geographical Society : Honorary 
Consultant in Diseases of Throat, Nose and Ear to the Military Hospitals in 
Liverpool District ; formerly Surgeon, Royal Naval \'olunteer Reserve. 
Publications : Correspondent to The Journal of Laryngology, The Laryngoscope, 
etc ; numerous articles in various medical journals. Recreations : \^'alking 
and photography. Club : University, Liverpool. 



174 LANCASHIRE 



GUTTERY, Rev. Arthur Thomas, Primitive Methodist Pastor. 
Hartley Lecturer. 

Elmfield, 92. Hartington Road, Liverpool. 'Phone : Wavertree 420. 
Born : 1862, at Birmingham ; son of the Rev. Thos. Guttery. Educated : 
Normal School, Toronto ; Elmfield College, York ; London University. 
Married : June 30th, 1887, to S. B. Alford, daughter of the Rev. E. Alford. 
and has issue six children. Profession : Pastor of Princes Road Primitive 
Methodist Church, Liverpool ; President of Primitive Methodist Conference ; 
formerly General Missionary Secretary of the Primitive Methodist Church; 
Hartley Lecturer, 1917. Recreations : Travel and draughts. Club : 
Liverpool Reform. Notes : Doing much recruiting work. Has two sons 
in Army : Norman Arthur, Queen's Westminster Rifles ; Arthur Edward, 
R.A.M.C. 



HAGUE, Samuel, Registration Agent and Overseer. 

7, Essex Road, Gorton, Manchester. Office : 3, Hyde Road, Gorton, 
Manchester. Born : 1864, at Manchester. Occupation : Registration Agent. 
Appointments: Member of Manchester City Council (Labour), Gorton South 
Ward ; Overseer, South Manchester Board. Note : During the war served on 
Local Tribunal. 



HAIGH, Councillor Edwin, Director of Various Cinema Companies 
and Film Producers. 

" San Roque," Calderstone's Park, Allerton, Liverpool. Ofirces : 10, Com- 
mutation Row, Liverpool. Born : 1864, at Liverpool ; eldest son of William 
and Catherine Haigh. Educated : Windsor Street School ; Liverpool Insti- 
tute. Married : 1883, to Mary Jane Owens, of Liverpool, and has issue 
one son and one daughter : John Henry Haigh, born 1887 (2nd Lieut., 9th 
Batt., Royal Irish Rifles, now at the front in France) ; Mary Hannah Haigh, 
bom 1889. Occupation : Sole Owner of Liver Film Co. ; Chairman of Liver- 
pool and District Branch of the National Cinematograph Exhibitors' Associa- 
tion. Appointments : Member of City Liverpool Council (C), Wavertree 
West Ward ; President of Wavertree Patriotic Rifle Corps. Recreation : 
FootbaD. Clubs : Senior Conservative, Dale Street, Liverpool. Masonic 
Lodge: Dramatic, 1609 (W.M., September, 1916-1917). Notes: Holds Lord 
Derby's Badge for recruiting, and is on a Committee having charge of 
munition work. 



HAILSTONE, Rev. Samuel, M.A., Incumbent of St. Saviour's, 
Cheetham. 

Walton Lodge, Broughton Park, Manchester. Born : July 24th, 1851, 
at Bottisham, Cambridgeshire ; youngest son of the Rev. John Hailstone, 
J.P., M.A., of Anglesey Abbey, Bottisham, Cambridgeshire, and Jane Elizabeth 
Lay, of Gripping Hall, Essex, nephew of Edward Hailstone, F.S.A., of Walton 
Hall, Wakefield, Yorks. Educated : Temple Grove, East Sheen ; Rugby School ; 
Caius CoUege, Cambridge. Profession : Formerly Curate to the Rev. Canon 
Vaughan, of St. Martin's, Leicester ; since 1879 in Manchester : firstly Clerk 
in Orders of Manchester Cathedral, then Incumbent of St. Saviour's, Cheetham, 
Manchester. Travelled : Egypt, Holy Land, India, and Continent. Recrea- 
tions : Golf, tennis, music, etc. Notes : Owns property in Cambridgeshire ; 
Director of the Manchester Gentlemen's Concert Society, one of the oldest 
musical societies in Great Britain. 



BIOGRAPHIES 175 



HAINS WORTH, Benjamin. M.A., Assistant Master, Rossall. 

Bronwylfa, Rhos-on-Sea, Colwyn Bay. Born : May 20th. 1853, at Liver- 
pool ; second son of Benjamin and Catherine Hainsworth. Educated : Man- 
chester Grammar School ; Christ Church, Oxford ; M.A. (Oxon) ; Second 
Class, Natural Science, Final Schools. Appointment : Junior Studentship 
at Christ Church, Oxford. Recreations : Golf, photography, cycling. Club : 
British Empire, 12, St. James's Square, S.W. Masonic Lodge : P.P.G., J.D., 
West Lanes. ; Hesketh Lodge, 950. Note : Served formerly in Volunteers, 
1st Vol. Batt., King's Own Royal Lancaster Regt. Career : Assistant Master 
in Rossall School from 1877 to 1913 ; Vice-Master from 1910-1913, and 
retired at the age of sixty in the summer of 1913. At Felsted School, Essex, 
during the War. 

HALL, Rev. David Alston, M.A. (Cantab.), Vicar of Foulridge, Golne. 

Foulridge Vicarage, near Colne, Lanes. Born : January 21st, 1871, at 
Bury, Lanes. ; son of Edwin Franklin Hall, of Elton, Bury, Lanes., and Mary 
Elizabeth Hall (nee Alston), of " Innellan," Whitefield, Lanes. Educated : 
Late Exhibitioner of St. Catharine's College, Cambridge ; B.A., 1899 ; M.A., 
1903. Married : July 27th, 1910, to Elsie Honora, daughter of OUver Leak, 
Solicitor, of Barnoldswick, York, and Laura Emma Leak (nee Harrison), of 
The Hollies, Runcorn, Cheshire, and has issue two daughters : Enid Katharine 
Alston, bom July 29th, 1911 ; Freda Monica Alston, bom January 21st, 1913. 
Appointments : Vicar of Foulridge, Colne, Lanes., since 1905 ; formerly Curate 
of St. Paul's, Preston, Lanes., 1899-1902, and Christ Church, Colne, Lanes., 
1902-1905. Travelled : Continent, several times. Recreations : Cycling and 
gardening. Notes : Founder of the Parish of Foulridge ; Hon. Ruridecanal 
Secretary for Church of England Waifs and Strays Society (Patron, H.M. the 
King) ; Member of Colne and District Rifle Club, also of Local Recmiting and 
Distress Committees ; Vice-President of local St. John Ambulance Associa- 
tion. 



HALL, Rev. Edward, Congregational Minister. 

56, Church Road, Urmston, Manchester. Born : January ist, 1880, in 
London ; son of Edward and Harriet Hall. Educated : United Westminster 
School ; Cheshunt College, Cambridge. Married : October nth, 1906, to 
Alice Liddiard Brooks, and has issue one son and three daughters : Ella, 
Ronald, Gladys, and Joyce. Profession : CongregationaJ Minister. Recrea- 
tion : Golf. 

HALL, Edward Marshall, K.C., M.P. 

II, Harley House, Regent's Park, N.W. ; 3, Temple Gardens, E.C. ; Felder 
Lodge, Worth, Sandwich, Kent. Born : September i6th, 1858, at Brighton ; 
third son of the late Dr. Alfred Hall, F.R.C.P., and Julia Elizabeth Sebright. 
Educated : Rugby ; St. John's College, Cambridge ; Mathematical Prizeman, 
Rugby, 1876 ; B.A., Cambridge, 1882. Married : 1896, to Henriette Kroeger, 
and has issue one daughter : Elna Muriel. Profession : King's Counsel, 
1898 ; Barrister, Inner Temple, 1883 ; Bencher, 1911. Appointments : 
M.P. (C), Southport Division of Lancaster, 1900-1906 ; M.P., Liverpool (East 
Toxteth), 1910-1916 ; Recorder of Guildford. Recreations : Shooting, golf, 
tennis, cricket ; collector of old English silver, coloured prints and miniatures, 
French snuff-boxes and Oriental china. Clubs : Carlton, Garrick, and Beef- 
steak. Career : After leaving the University, travelled in Australia and India, 
and began work at the Bar in 1883. Has had a very large and varied practice 
at the Common Law Bar, and has been engaged in many important cases 



176 LANCASHIRE 



since 1^87. Took a very active part in the Tariff Reform Movement throughout 
the country, and has a reputation as a platform speaker. A keen Imperialist 
and advocate of Colonial reciprocity ; defeated Sir George Pilkington at 
Southport in 1900, and won back the East Toxteth seat for the Conservative 
party in January, 1910. 

HALL, John Herbert, Prosecuting Solicitor for Borough of Bolton. 

" Willow Bank," Lostock ; 20, Acrefield, Bolton. Born : September 
i8th, 1861, at Stone Hill, Farnworth ; son of the late John and Clara Hall, 
of Stone Hill, Farnworth. Educated : Rugby. Married : To Margaret, 
fourth daughter of the late J. Scowcroft, of Moorfield, Tonge, Bolton, and 
has issue one son and one daughter : Clara Margaret, born December 17th, 
1895 ; John Philip, born August 17th, 1897. Profession : Notary ; Prose- 
cuting Solicitor for the Borough of Bolton ; Solicitor to the Farnworth Urban 
District Council ; Commissioner for taking acknowledgments of married 
women ; Land Tax Commissioner. (London Agents : Rawle, Johnstone and 
Co.) Travelled : The Continent. Recreation : Riding. Club : Reform, 
Bolton. Notes : Clerk to the Local and General Munitions Courts, and MiHtary 
Representative for the Bolton Recruiting Area. His son, J. P. Hall, is now 
2nd Lieut., 2/3rd East Lanes. Brigade, R.F.A. 

HALL, Oscar Standing, J.P., M.I.Mech.E., Textile Machinist. 

Tenterden, Bury, Lanes. ('Phone : 539) ; Hope Foundry, Bury, Lanes. 
('Phone: 97). Born: October 3rd, 1862, at Bury, Lanes.; son of Samuel 
S. and Eleanor T. Hall. Educated : Bury Grammar School ; Germany ; 
Manchester Technical School ; Owens College. Married : 1895, to Eleanor 
Burrows Kerr, daughter of Dr. James Kerr, and has issue two sons and two 
daughters : Gerald Kerr, Oscar Herbert, Constance Eleanor, and Edith May. 
Occupation : Engineer. Active Director of Robert Hall and Sons, Bury, Lanes. ; 
also Director of Brooks and Doxey, Ltd., Manchester. Appointments : J.P. 
for County Borough of Bury, 1906 ; Chairman of Medical Benefit Sub-Com- 
mittee of the Bury Insurance Committee, 1912-1916 ; Past-President of Bury 
and District Chamber of Commerce. Publications : Translator from the 
German of the work, " Der Grossbetrieb," by Professor G. von Schulze- 
Gaevernitz ; many pamphlets on Education, the Textile Industry, etc. ; " Ger- 
many : a Shattered Ideal " ; " The Coming of the Automatic Loom " ; " The 
Education of Coming Leaders in the Textile Industry." Recreations : 
Philately, literature, economics. Clubs : Reform Manchester ; Manchester 
Literary. Career : After leaving school he was engaged in a cotton miU, 
then in engineering works, and afterwards proceeded to Germany to spend 
i^ years in weaving mills and taking private lessons. He afterwards 
attended evening courses at the Manchester Technical School and Owens 
College, and finished his training as a draughtsman. He then took up travel- 
ling with success for textUe machinery, spending from six to nine months on 
the Continent, mostly in Germany, every year, travelling also in Holland, 
Austria, Switzerland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Russia, Bulgaria, Servia, 
Roumania ; also visiting the United States on business. He became one of 
the active directors of Robert Hall and Sons, Bury, which was founded by 
his grandfather in 1844, and which firm has a world-wide reputation for weav- 
ing machinery. He was an active member (co-opted by Town Council) on 
the Education Committee for many years, and President for two years of 
Bury and District Chamber of Commerce. He is one of the founders and a 
member of the Council of the Textile Institute. He was made Chairman of 
the Medical Benefit Sub-Committee of the Bury Insurance Committee on the 
inception of the Insurance Act in 1912, and acted in that capacity ever since. 
He was made J.P. in 1906 ; Member of the Manchester Literary Club ; Member 



BIOGRAPHIES 17 j 



of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers in 1890. He is a noted German 
hnguist and has a good knowledge of other languages, and is well known for 
many papers and addresses at various institutions. He joined the Board of 
Brooks and Doxey, Ltd., Manchester, the weD-known makers of spinning 
machinery in 1914. This firm is probably making a larger quantity of shells 
and munitions than any other hitherto non-munition firm in the North of 
England. 

HALLAM, Rev. S. Henry, Wesleyan Methodist Minister. 

126, Bolton Road, Pendleton, Manchester. Born : March 5th, 1855, 
at Sheffield ; son of John and Mary A. HaUam. Educated : Wesley College, 
Sheffield ; Headingley College, Leeds. Married : August i6th, 1882, to Mary 
A., daughter of William Dalton, of Shatton, Derbyshire, and has issue one 
son and two daughters : Rev. John W. (Wesleyan Minister) ; Hilda D. (married 
to S. T. A. Bumpus, Bank of England Clerk) ; Dora H. (married to the Rev. 
R. E. Davies, Wesleyan Minister). Profession : Wesleyan |Methodist 
Minister. 

HAMER, Arthur, Solicitor, Commissioner for Oaths. 

" Oakdene," Chorley New Road, Bolton. Born : September 3rd, 1869, 
at Famworth, near Bolton ; eldest son of the late Richard Hamer, of Bolton, 
and Eliza, daughter of James Dowling, of Bolton. Educated : Bolton Church 
Institute ; studied Law ; admitted Solicitor, August 14th, 1891. Married : 
November 7th, 1894, at Leigh, to Ada Marie, second daughter of the late 
William Barnes, of Leigh, Lanes., and has issue one son and one daughter : 
Reginald Barnes, born October 9th, 1895 ; Rosalie Evelyn, bom December 
24th, 1899. Profession : Sohcitor and Commissioner for Oaths ; Partner in 
the firm of Cooper and Hamer, of Bolton, Solicitors, Commissioner for Oaths. 
(London Agents : Davenport, Cunhffe and Blake.) Appointment : Member of 
the Board of Guardians for Bolton. Travelled : Many times in France and 
Belgium. Recreation : Golf. Club : Bolton Conservative. Notes : A rela- 
tive of the late Capt. Smith, R.N.R., Commander of the s.s. Titanic, whose 
collision with an iceberg in April, 1912, caused the vessel to sink with practi- 
cally all on board. Also went to school with Capt. Rostron, of the Cunard 
Liner s.s. Carparthia, which rescued those who survived the disaster. 

HAMER, Ernest, J. P., Cotton Manufacturer. 

Alum Scar, Pleasington, Lanes. Born : 1871 ; second son of the late 
Sir Edwin Hamer, J. P. Married : 1897, to Clara, daughter of the late Thomas 
Shutt, of Blackburn. Occupation : Cotton Manufacturer ; Head of the firm 
of Edwin Hamer, Ltd., Newgate Mills, Blackburn. Appointment : J.P. for 
Lanes. Recreation : Hunting Forest (Hunt Secretary, Aspinall and Pendle 
Forest Hunt). Note: Hon. Secretary, Blackburn Recruiting Committee. 

HAMILTON, Major C. George C, M.P. 

Old Court House, Knutsford. Born : At Eghngham, Northumberland]; 
son of the late Venerable Archdeacon G.H. Hamilton, D.D., and Lady Louisa 
Hamilton. Educated : Aysgarth and Charterhouse Schools. Married : May, 
1906, to Eleanor, eldest daughter of the late Henry Simon and Mrs. Simon, 
of Lawnhurst, Didsbury, and has issue one son and one daughter : Lindisfeme 
and Patrick. Appointments : M.P. for Altrincham ; Major in Queen's West- 
minster Rifles. Recreation : Shooting. Clubs : Carlton, Constitutional, 
and 1900, London ; Union and Constitutional, Manchester. 



178 LANCASHIRE 



HAMILTON, James, J.P. (Late of Lancashire Hussars Yeomanry). 

Garswood, Old Hall Farm, Wigan. Telegrams : Hamilton, Huydock. 
Born : 1852, at Mount ; only son of James Hamilton, of Mount, Avondale, 
Lanark, and Jane Dunlop, of Peel, Ayrshire. Married : 1891, to Elizabeth, 
daughter of James Guthrie, of Barnyards, Forfar, and has issue four sons and 
one daughter : Bessie, James, John Guthrie, Andrew Martin, and Thomas 
Stevenson. Occupation : Farmer (Member of Council, Royal Lanes. Agricul. 
Society). Appointments : J.P. for Lanes., 1909 ; Member of the West Lanes. 
Territorial Association ; Member of the Ashton Urban District Council (Wigan 
Division). Notes : Late of the National Reserve ; served thirty- three years 
in Lanes. Hussars Yeomanry ; acted as Chairman of Ashton Recruiting Com- 
mittee. His sons, James and John, are in Lanes. Hussars Yeomanry ; 
daughter, Bessie, V.A.D. nurse. 

HAMILTON, Rev. James, M.A., Minister of St. Andrew's, Church 
of Scotland. 

The Manse, 96, Huskisson Street, Liverpool. Born : June 26th, 1859, 
at Whitburn, West Lothian. Educated : Wilson's Endowed School, Whit- 
burn ; Edinburgh University ; M.A. Married : June 4th, 1889, to Barbara 
Robertson, of Rocklea, Lerwick, Shetland, and has issue one son and one 
daughter : James Erik and Barbara Rodney. Profession : Minister, St. 
Andrew's, Church of Scotland, Rodney Street ; Chaplain, Liverpool Burns' 
Club, Liverpool Caledonian Association, Liverpool Caledonian Schools, and 
Liverpool Curling Club. Recreations : Fishing, shooting, modern languages. 
Note : Chaplain, loth (Scottish) Batt., King's (Liverpool) Regt. ; previous 
service, 7th Lanarkshire Rifle Volunteers, and Queen's Edinburgh Rifle Volun- 
teer Brigade. 

HAMILTON, Alderman John Crook, J.P. 

8, Stanley Terrace, Preston. Born : February 6th, 1846, at Stanley 
Terrace, Preston ; fourth son of John and Ann Hamilton, of Stanley Terrace, 
Preston. Educated : Denmark Hill Grammar School. Married : March 
22nd, 1908, to Fannie Emily, second daughter of George Peacock and Sarah 
Ann Batten, of Liverpool, and has issue one son and two daughters : John 
Crook, born July ist, 1909 ; Iris, born February 29th, 1912 ; Henrietta 
Beatrice, born May 12th, 1914. Occupation : Draper. Appointments : 
Chairman, The Newcastle and Gateshead Water Co. ; Alderman, J.P. of 
County of Lancaster and Borough of Preston ; Alderman of Local Council, 
1891 ; Chairman of the Harris Free Public Library and Museum and the 
Water Committees. Recreations : Music and Art. Club : National Liberal. 

HAMMILL, John, J.P. 

Millbrook House, Eccleston, Prescot. Born : 1852, at St. Helens ; eldest 
son of John C. Hammill, of Windle House, St. Helens. Married : 1878, to 
Caroline Mary, daughter of Robert Lansdale, of Booth Hall, Boothstown. 
Appointment : J.P. for Lanes., 1909. Notes : Has three sons in the army. 
One of the three has been killed in action, two are now in France. One, Capt. 
Lansdale Hammill, 5th South Lanes. (T.F.), other John Hammill, 7th South 
Lanes. Regt. (T.F.). 

HAMPSON, Councillor Frederick, Glass Manufacturer, Government 
Contractor. 

Oldfield Road, Salford ; Perseverance Glass Works, Duncan Street, 
Salford. 'Phone : Central 2319. Telegrams : Attention, Salford. Born : July 
29th, 1861, at Manchester ; son of Joseph and Mary Hampson. Married : 



BIOGRAPHIES 179 



1887, to Mary, daughter of Charles Phillips, of Salford, and has issue four 
children. Occupation : Glass Manufacturer (all kinds of bottles and flint glass 
ware). Appointment: Salford Town Council, Ordsall Ward, May, 1900. 
Recreation : Interested in most sports. Masonic Lodges : Zetland, No. 852 ; 
Salford Ionic ; St. John's Chapter. 

HARDCASTLE, Major Henry Marmaduke, J.P. 

Bradshaw Hall, Bolton. Born : 1871, at Bradshaw Hall ; second son of 
Thomas Hardcastle, of Bradshaw Hall, Lanes. Educated : Charterhouse. 
Married : 1892, to Dorothea, daughter of the Rev. R. K. Judson, of Bradshaw, 
and has issue three daughters. Appointment : J.P. for Lanes., 1904. Recrea- 
tions : Shooting, hunting, fishing. Club : Junior Carlton. Notes : Served in 
South African War, and mentioned in despatches, 1900-1901, with Imperial 
Yeomanry ; Major, Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry, from 1903, and 
commanded 2/ist Regt. during war, which he raised, clothed, and equipped, 
September, 1914. 

HARDICKER, James Ogden, Solicitor, Property Owner. 

Adlands, Llandrillo-yn-Rhos, Wales. Office : Northern Assurance Build- 
ings, Albert Square, Manchester. Born: July 3rd, 1872, at Ashton-under- 
Lyne ; only son of Joseph and Emma Hardicker (deceased), of Levenshulme, 
Manchester. Educated : Manchester Grammar School. Married : To Marion, 
daughter of James John Cole, of Voia Crux, Mexico, and has issue three sons 
and one daughter : Alan, Kenneth, John, and Betty. Profession : Solicitor. 
Appointments : Formerly Chairman of the Urban District Councils Associa- 
tion for England and Wales, now Vice-President ; Capt., 7th Batt., Man- 
chester Regt. Travelled : Europe. Recreations : Gardening and Golf. 
Club: Manchester Constitutional. Notes : Admitted Solicitor (Honours man), 
1893 ; Senior Partner in the firm of J. Ogden, Hardicker and Hanson ; 
stood in the Conservative interest for North-West Durham, December, 
1910, and is now the prospective Conservative candidate for that Division; 
has always taken a deep interest in Local Government, and is now a 
recognised authority on the same, having given evidence on behalf of the 
Association before Royal Commissions and Departmental Committees. Is 
a large property owner in Levenshulme, Manchester. 

HARDMAN, Arthur Edward, Director of Woollen Manufactory. 

New Hall, Hey Mills, Rawtenstall. Born : May 28th, 1866, at Rawten- 
stall. Lanes. ; son of Richard Hoyle and Elizabeth Wright Hardman. Edu- 
cated : Uppingham School ; Leeds University. Married : November 13th, 
1896, to Jessie Gertrude, daughter of Samuel Smallwood and Jemima Walley, 
and has issue three sons: Ronald Hoyle, Cyril George, and Ian Richard. 
Occupation : Woollen Manufacturer. Managing Director of Messrs. Hardman, 
Bros, and Co., Ltd., and Director of Messrs. S. S. Walley and Co., Manchester. 
Recreation : Shooting. Club : Constitutional, Manchester. 

HARDMAN, William, J.P. 

Fernleigh, Bispham. Born : 1845, at Bury, Lanes. ; only son of Edmund 
and Anne Hardman, of Chamber Hall, Bury. Educated: Rossall School, 
Lanes. ; University College ; University College Hospital and Middlesex 
Hospital, London ; University of Edinburgh ; M.B., CM.. L.M. (Edinburgh) ; 
M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., L.S.A., L.M. (London). Married : 18S7, to Annie, eldest 
daughter of Thomas Poole, of Bispham, and widow of the late Henry Coop, 
of " SpringhiU," Bury, Lanes. Appointments : Vice-President of Malthusian 
League; formerly House Physician, Middlesex Hospital. 1871 ; J.P. for 
Lanes, and Blackpool. Publications : " Treatment of Choleraic Diarrhoea 



i8o LANCASHIRE 



by Hypodermic Injection of Morphia," Lancet, 1879-1880 ; " Treatment of 
Malignant Vomiting by Hypodermic Injection of Normal Saline " ; and many 
other communications, Jbid. Recreations : Microscopy, fishing, fiddling. 
Club : Quekett Microscopical, London. 

HARFORD, Rev. George, M.A., Vicar, Editor of *' The Prayer Book 
Dictionary." 

Mossley Hill Vicarage, Liverpool. Born : i860, at Keswick ; son of the 
Rev. Thomas Dundas Harford Battersby, Hon. Canon of Carlisle, and 
Mary, daughter of George Forbes, and grand-daughter of SirWm. Forbes, Bart. 
Educated : Harborne Vicarage, 1869 ; Repton School, 1874 ; Balliol College 
Oxford, 1879 ; First Class, Math. Mods., 1880 ; Second Class, Maths., 1881 ; 
B.A., 1882 ; First Class Theol., 1884 ; M.A., 1886 ; University of Liverpool 
M.A. (by dissertation in Philosophy), 1915. Married : 1889, to Helen 
Antoinette, daughter of Col. Eugene C. Impey, CLE., grand-daughter of Sir 
Geo. St. P. Lawrence, K.C.B., and has issue two sons and three daughters : 
George Lawrence, born 1891 ; Eugene de I'Etang, bom 1901 ; Mary Isabella, 
born 1890, married in 1915 to David Nichol Smith, Goldsmiths' Reader in 
English, Oxford ; Margaret Letitia, born 1893 ; Honoria Eugenie, born 1895. 
Profession : Vicar of Mossley Hill, 1897 ; Hon. Canon of Liverpool, 1906 ; 
Hon. Librarian of the Church House Library ; Chairman of Executive, and 
Lecturer, Board of Biblical Studies ; Diocesan Warden of Society of Sacred 
Study ; Archbishops' Messenger for the National Mission, 1916. Publica- 
tions : Joint author of " Canon Harford Battersby and the Keswick 
Convention," 1890 ; Articles on Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, etc., in 
Hastings' " Dictionary of the Bible " ; Joint Editor of the " Hexateuch in 
the Revised Version," two volumes, 1900 (second edition of Vol. I., 1902) ; 
Joint Editor of " The Prayer Book Dictionary," 1912 ; Editor of " The Church 
Congress Manual," 1905 ; " Church Song and Prayer " (Second Edition, 1909) ; 
" The Gospel According to St. Paul," 1913 ; " Synoptic Tables," Liverpool, 
1910. Travelled : Belgium, Switzerland, France, Germany, Italy. Recrea- 
tions : Rock-climbing, cycling, tennis, figure-skating. Club : Church House. 
Notes : Formerly Curate of All Saints, South Lambeth, 1885-1887 ; Rector 
of Middle Claydon and Vicar of East Claydon, Bucks., 1888-1896. His eldest 
son, after serving as a subaltern (from 1911) in the ist and 2nd Battalions of 
the King's Own Royal Lancaster Regiment, was killed near Ypres, Feb. 17th, 
1915, in retaking a trench while leading the final charge ; mentioned in 
despatches, May 31st ; memorial window and tablet, with bronze medallion 
portrait, in Mossley HiU Church. 

HARPUR, Charles, M.A. (Dur.), Vicar of Rishton. 

The Vicarage, Rishton, near Blackburn. Born : At Lackagh, Drumquin, 
Co. Tyrone ; son of Charles and Fanny Harpur, of Lackagh, Co. Tyrone. 
Educated : Durham University ; M.A. Married : (i) To Clara B. Wardle 
(died 1913), daughter of James and Louisa Wardle, of Manchester and Douglas, 
and has issue two sons : Charles Noel, born November nth, 1903 ; James 
Wallace, bom October loth, 1906 ; (2) Catherine Ellen Roberts, daughter of 
George Henry and Sophia Esther Roberts, of Preston, and has issue one 
son, Robert Alexander, born December 23rd, 1915. Profession : Vicar of 
Rishton since 1906. 

HARRIS, Arthur Lea, Solicitor, Hon. Secretary, Boy Scouts. 

Sion Hill, Ribbleton, near Preston ; 15, Winchley Street, Preston. Born : 
May 2nd, 1886, at Blackburn ; son of the Rfev. Seymour Frederick Harris and 
Mary Elinor Harris, of Cotleigh Rectory, Honiton, Devon. Educated : Marl- 
borough College. Married : At St. Andrew's, Ashton-on-Ribble, to Winifred 



BIOGRAPHIES i8i 



Margaret, daughter of the late Dr. John Arminson, and has issue one daughter : 
Mary EUnor Joyce, born April nth, 1913. Profesaion : SoUcitor. Recrea- 
tions : Golf, gardening, amateur theatricals. Club : Old Marlburian. Note : 
Interested in Boy Scout Movement, and for over three years Hon. Secretary 
of the Preston Association. 

HARRIS, Rev. Charles, M.A. (Oxon), F.R.G.S., Vicar of Christ 
Church, Newburgh. 

Newburgh Vicarage, Wigan ; The Church House, Liverpool. Born : 
November 15th, i860, in City of London ; only son of Edmund (deceased) and 
of Anne Harris. Educated : King Edward VL's Grammar School, Maidstone, 
1870-1879 ; Lubbock Scholar, 1876-1879 ; University College. Oxford (Gunsley 
Exhibitioner), 1879-1882 ; B.A., Honour School of Natural Science, Oxford, 
1882 ; M.A., Oxford, 1885 ; Assistant Master, Merchant Taylors' School, 
Crosby, 1883-1891 ; Ordained Deacon, 1891 ; and Priest, 1892, by the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury. Married : 1897, at St. Paul's, Maidstone, to Minnie 
Caroline, youngest daughter of the late G. E. Wallis, J. P., of Maidstone, and 
has issue two daughters : Winifred Nightingale, born 1899 ; Ruth Helen 
Pettit, born 1902. Appointments : Curate of Milton-next-Sittingbourne, 
Kent, 1891-1893 ; St. Laurence, Ramsgate, 1893-1896 ; Appledore-with- 
Ebony, Kent, 1896-1900 ; Senior Curate of St. Mary's Parish Church, St. 
Helens, Lanes., 1900-1901 ; Organisation Secretary and Lecturer for the 
New Liverpool Cathedral, from 1901 to present time ; Assistant Diocesan 
Inspector of Religious Education for the Diocese of Liverpool, 1907-1908 ; 
Vicar of Christ Church, Newburgh, near Wigan, from 1908 to present time ; 
Lecturer on various scientific and literary subjects, and on Biblical Archaeology, 
from 1883 to present time ; Authorised Lecturer for the Palestine Exploration 
Fund, from 1893 ; Member of the Society of Biblical Archaeology and F.R.G.S., 
1895. Publications : " The Building of the New Liverpool Cathedral : Its 
History and Progress " (published by the Liverpool Cathedral Committee, 
1911) ; Editor of Liverpool Diocesan Gazette from its commencement, in 1903, 
to present time. Recreations : Photography and Ar chaeology. Club : 
Diocesan Church House, Liverpool. 

HARRIS, Robert, M.B. (Lond.), Retired, Vice-President Boy Scouts, 

Poor Law Guardian. 

7, Queen's Road, Southport, Lanes. Born : July 12th, 1847, at Hackney- 
London ; son of Michael Harris, M.R.C.S., of Hackney, and Caroline, daughter 
of the Rev. Robert Aspland, of Hackney. Educated : University College, 
London; Guy's Hospital; M.B. (London). Married: 1874, at Gee Cross, 
Cheshire, to Jane, daughter of Thomas Thornley, J. P., of Godley, Cheshire, 
and Sarah, daughter of Randal Hibbert, of Brookside, Godley, and has issue 
two sons and one daughter : Michael, born 1876 ; Robert Aspland, born 1881 ; 
Janet, born 1875 (married to W. A. Aspland, of Gee Cross, Cheshire). Appoint- 
ments : Vice-President, Southport Boy Scouts Association ; Vice-President, 
Lancashire and Cheshire Branch B. M.A. , 1903-1904 ; Vice-President, Southport 
Conservative and Unionist Association ; Chairman of Committee, Southport 
Provident Society ; Southport and Birkdale University Extension Society ; 
Member, Board, Southport Infirmary and Southport Convalescent Hospital ; 
Guardian, Ormskirk Poor Law Union ; President, Southport and Birkdale 
Literary and Philosophical Society, 1890 ; Southport Medical Society, 1900- 
1901 ; Chairman, Southport and Birkdale Women's Unionist League, 1913. 
Notes : Practised in Hackney, 1870-1884, and Southport, 1884-1907. Now a 
Deputy-President of the Southport and Birkdale Women's Unionist League. 
In the British Medical Association, Lanes, and Cheshire Branch, Vice-President 
for second time, 1914-1915, and Secretary of the Southport Division. Member 
of the Southport Recruiting Tribunal. 



i82 - LANCASHIRE 



HARRISON, George, L.R.C.P., L.R.C.S., L.R.F.P.S., Medical Officer 
in charge of X Ray and Electrical Departments ; Member of 
Medical Recruiting Board, Wrexham. 

Laurel Bank, Gresford, North Wales ; The Surgery, Rossett, North Wales. 
'Phone : 8 Gresford. Born : May ist, 1869, at Warrington ; second son 
of the late Rev. Canon Harrison, LL.D., M.A. Educated : Liverpool College 
Upper Schools ; Liverpool University. Married : April 4th, 1899, at St. 
Mary's Parish Church, Wavertree, to Gertrude Clarice, third daughter of 
Ronald Taylor, Coroner and Solicitor, of Eccles Park, Manchester, and has 
issue four sons and one daughter. Travelled : Continent. Recreations : 
Golf, billiards, motoring, photography. Club : Exchange. Notes : Ancestors : 
George Harrison, M.D., F.R.C.S., John Harrison, M.D., Job Harrison, 
M.D., Surgeons in Chester. Staff-Surgeon and Hon. Radiographer, 
Military Hospital, Wrexham ; Civil Medical Examiner, Wrexham Barracks ; 
District Medical Officer and Public Vaccinator to No. 4-5 District, Wrexham, 
and No. 3 District, Hawarden ; Medical Officer to Gresford Medical Charity ; 
Member : B.M.A. ; Chester and North Wales Medical Society ; Liverpool 
Medico-Chirurgical Society. 



HARRISON, James, M.A., J.P., Barrister-at-Law, Landowner. 

Newby Bridge House, Ulverston, Lanes. Born : August i8th, 1836, at 
Bury, Lanes. ; only son of James Harrison, of Irwell House, Bury, Lanes., 
and Harriette, sixth daughter of Richard Kay, of Limefield, Bury. Educated : 
Trinity College, Cambridge ; M.A. Married : July 26th, 1866, at St. Stephen's, 
Lewisham, to Althea Nona, youngest daughter of the Rev. Charles H. Maberly, 
of Onslebury Vicarage, Hants, and Charlotte MacNaghten, daughter of Robert 
Carey Hamilton MacNaghten, and has issue two sons and two daughters : 
M. A. M. Harrison, born May 12th, 1867 ; J. K. M. Harrison, born March 29th, 
1869 > C- N. M. Harrison, born April 29th, 1872 ; E. F. M. Harrison, bom 
August 15th, 1873. Profession : Barrister-at-Law. Appointments : J. P. for 
Westmorland, 1872 ; J. P. for Lanes., 1892. Note : Owns about 560 acres 
in Longsleddale. 



HARRISON, Rev. Thomas Martin, M.A. (Oxon.), Vicar of 
Longridge. 

Longridge Vicarage, near Preston. Born : 1854, at Farnworth, near 
Bolton ; son of Robert and Alice Harrison, Farnworth, near Bolton, Chemist. 
Educated : Manchester Grammar School ; Somerset Scholar and Hulme 
Exhibitioner of Brasenose College, Oxford ; M.A. Married : 1892, at Combe 
Down, Bath, to Lucy Charlotte, daughter of John Hector Whitaker, of Bath, 
and has issue three sons : Thomas Churton, born September, 1894 ; Aidan, 
born December, 1895 ; Oswald, born December, 1897 (died March, 1900). 
Profession : Vicar of Longridge, near Preston, 1894 ; formerly Vicar of Brier- 
cliffe, near Burnley, 1887-1894 ; Surrogate of Manchester Diocese. Appoint- 
ment : Member of the Local Education Committee of the Lanes. County 
Council. Notes : His grandfather, Abraham Harrison, of Little Hulton, 
served under the Duke of Wellington throughout the Peninsular War, and 
was present at the battle of Waterloo ; the Rev. Ralph Harrison, composer of 
" Warrington," and other hymn tunes, and Harrison Ainsworth, novelist, 
also relations. Grandfather (maternal), Thomas Martin, Surgeon, of Little 
Hulton and Farnworth. Has two sons, both in the Army : Churton Harrison, 
2nd Lieut., R.F.A. ; Aidan Harrison, 2nd Lieut., 8th Batt. Loyal North Lanes. 
Regt. 



BIOGRAPHIES 183 



HARRISON, William, F.S.A., Solicitor, Author. 

Yewdale, Wyngate Road, Hale, Cheshire. Office : 28, Booth Street, 
Manchester. Born : 1853, at Elton, Bury ; son of Richard and Betsey 
Harrison. Educated : Owens College, Manchester ; Obtained honours at 
Final Law Examination. Married : 1889, to Pauline Gerard, daughter of 
the late Geo. C. Yates, F.S.A., and has issue one son and two daughters. 
Profession : Solicitor ; Partner in the firm of Messrs. Higson, Son and Harrison, 
Appointments : Registrar of Tribunal of Arbitration of the Manchester Chamber 
of Commerce ; Hon. Treasurer and sometime President of the Lancashire and 
Cheshire Antiquarian Society. Publications : Treatise on " Law of Chief 
Rents " ; "A History of the Manchester Railways " ; " Archaeological Survey 
of Lancashire " ; various papers in the " Transactions of the Lancashire and 
Cheshire Antiquarian Society." Recreations : Cycling and mountain-climbing. 
Note : His only son, Edgar Yates Harrison, LL.B. (Vict.), is a 2nd Lieut, 
in the Lanes. Fusiliers (T.F.). 

HARROP, Alderman John, J. P., forraierly Lord Mayor of Manchester. 

Heaton Lodge, Heaton Mersey, Manchester ; and Straun, Storrs Park, 
Windermere ; and 91, Piccadilly, Manchester. Born : February ist, 1847, 
at Manchester ; son of John and Caroline Harrop (English). Married : 1870, 
to Elizabeth Farrar, and has issue seven sons and one daughter : Arthur, John, 
Walter, Alexander, William G., Maud, Frederick H., and Rowland. Appoint- 
ments : J. P. and Alderman of the City of Manchester ; Lord Mayor of Man- 
chester, 1906 and 1907. Career : At seven years of age began work at a silk 
engine, receiving eighteen pence a week. Became a warper in Mr. Horsfall's 
mill at Romily. At Hanover Mills, Reddish, formed a book club, and became 
so interested in books and the distribution of good literature that he left the 
mill and became agent for Chambers, Cassells, and other publishers. From 
books he passed to pictures, then to furniture. Now he is the head of a great 
furniture factory at Stockport, with central offices in Manchester, branches in 
London and Glasgow, and shops in various towns in the North of England. 
Their export department caters chiefly for Egypt and South Africa. Aid. 
Harrop's career seems to have been a very natural one to his energetic and 
enthusiastic temperament. The love of books has been a deciding factor, 
as that brought him in touch with religious, social, and temperance move- 
ments, Poor Law administration and public affairs generally. He is an ardent 
teetotaler and Wesleyan Methodist. In business he is the head of John Harrop, 
Ltd. Recreations : Angling ; interested in Art. Clubs : Liberal, Man- 
chester ; National Liberal, London. Member of Parliamentary Recruiting 
Committee, and on Tribunal, representing Manchester Corporation. Has sons 
in H.M. Forces : Walter, 2nd Lieut. Black Watch ; William Gladstone, 
R.A.M.C. ; Frederick Hardy, O.T.C., Lincoln's Inn ; Rowland, training at 
Winnipeg, Canada ; and daughter, Maud, training at St. Bartholomew's 
Hospital as Nurse for Red Cross. 

HART, Thomas, J. P., Rope Manufacturer. 

Brooklands, Blackburn ('Phone : 280 Blackburn) ; 12 and 14, Town- 
HaU Street, Blackburn ('Phone : 10 Blackburn). Telegrams : " Hart, 
Blackburn." Born : August 24th, 1840 ; second son of Thomas Hart, 
J. P., and Alice Hart, of Blackburn. Married : June 5th, 1877, to Hannah, 
eldest daughter of John C. Hutton, of Blackburn, and has issue three 
sons and two daughters : Robert Edward, Thomas Clifford, Alexander 
Hutton, Alice Winifred, and Dora Isabel. Occupation : Rope Manufacturer. 
Appointment : J. P. for Lanes., 1903. 



i84 LANCASHIRE 



HARTLEY, Charles, J.P., C.C., Member of Local Tribunal. 

Pinewood, Orrell, near Wigan. Born : 1858 ; third son of Henry Hartley, 
of Pemberton, and Mary Hartley. Appointments : J. P. for Lanes., 1909 ; 
County Councillor, 1907 ; Urban District Councillor, 1886 ; Chairman from 
1904. Recreation : Shooting. Club : Conservative. Notes : Member of 
Recruiting Committee ; Member of Local Tribunal. 

HARTLEY, William Harry, Registrar of Burnley County Court ; 
Landowner. 

Hoarstones, near Burnley. Born : July 29th, 185 1, at Colne ; son of 
Henry Waddington Hartley, of Fencegate, Pendle Forest, and Susan, daughter 
of Harry Bolton, of Colne, Lanes. Educated : Cheltenham College. Married : 
May 30th, 1883, to Gertrude, third daughter of William Farrer Ecroyd, of 
Lomeshaye, Lanes., and Credenhill Court, Hereford, and has issue two sons 
and two daughters : Christopher, born August 22nd, 1886 ; Margaret, born 
March 25th, 1888 (married Arthur Francis Ribsdale, Master of the Supreme 
Court) ; Susan Moon, born June 8th, 1889 ; Edmund, born July 20th, 1894. 
Profession : Solicitor ; member of the firm of Hartley and Pilgrim, Solicitors, 
Colne, Lanes. (London Agents : Ridsdale and Son, 5, Gray's Inn Square, 
W.C.) Appointments : Registrar of the Burnley County Court ; also Member 
of the House of Laymen. Clubs : Manchester Union ; Farmers, London. 
Notes : Owns about nine hundred acres in the Forest of Pendle. His son 
Christopher joined the 2nd East Lanes. Brigade R.F.A. when war broke out. 
He married, on October 29th, 1914, Dorothy Chernocke, elder daughter of the 
late Col. Villiers Downes, of Apsley House, Apsley Guise, Beds. Daughter 
Susan Moon married, on May 26th, 1914, Perceval M. Cobham Hayman, 
Barrister-at-law, now of the 5th East Lanes. Batt. Son Edmund is in the 
2nd Lanes. Fusiliers, and was wounded at Ypres. 

HARTLEY, Sir William Pickles, Kt., Manufacturer and Philan- 
thropist. 

Sea View, Southport ('Phone: 349 Southport). Born: 1846, at Colne 
Lanes. ; son of John Hartley. Educated : Colne Grammar School. Married 
Martha, daughter of H. Horsfield, and has issue one son and seven daughters. 
Occupation : Is a noted manufacturer of grocers' sundries, including jam 
marmalade, etc., and is a benefactor to Liverpool University, and various 
hospitals and chapels. Publication : Has produced a work entitled, " The 
Use of Wealth," published by the National Council of the Evangelical Free 
Churches. Club : Reform, Liverpool. 

HARVEY, Alexander Gordon Cummins, M.P., J. P., Cotton 
Manufacturer. 

Townhouse, Littleborough, near Manchester. Born : 1858, at Man- 
chester ; eldest son of Alexander Cummins Harvey, of Manchester and Little- 
borough. Occupation : Cotton Manufacturer and Merchant. Appointments : 
M.P. (L.), Rochdale, from 1906 ; J. P. for Lanes. Club : Reform. 

HARVEY, Ernest Cummins, J.P., Cotton Spinner, Director. 

Townhouse, Littleborough, near Manchester ('Phone : 2X) ; Sladen 
Wood Mills ; 31, Cooper Street, Manchester. Born : 1869, at Higher 
Broughton ; fifth son of Alexander Cummins Harvey, of Brooklands, Cheshire. 
Educated : Privately. Married : 1900, to Kate Louise, daughter of George 
Farmiloe, of Hampstead, Middlesex, and has issue two sons and one daughter : 



BIOGRAPHIES 185 



Alexander E. C, Charles G. C, and Barbara B. C. Occupation : Cotton 
Spinner and Manufacturer ; holds several Directorships. Appointment : 
J. P. for Lanes., 1910. Clubs : Reform, Manchester ; Automobile, London. 
Notes : Interested in National Guard ; Recruiting, and War Committees. 

HARVEY-GIBSON, Lieut. Colonel Robert John, D.L., M.A., Examiner 
at various Universities. 

18, Gambler Terrace, Liverpool. 'Phone : Royal 3355, Royal 1810, and 
Bank 3614 (during the war). Born: November 2nd, i860, at Row, Dum- 
bartonshire ; only son of the Rev. Robert Gibson, M.A., and Jane Tarbet 
Harvey. Educated : Grammar School, Aberdeen ; Universities of Aberdeen, 
Edinburgh, and Strasburg ; M.A. ; F.R.S.E. ; Member R.S. Geo. Society. 
Married : March 27th, 1887, to Eda, eldest daughter of the Rev. John Lawrie, 
M.A., B.D., and Isabella, daughter of James Stark, M.D., Medical Statist for 
Scotland, and granddaughter of Adam Black, M.P., Lord Provost of 
Edinburgh. Appointment : Deputy-Lieutenant of the County Palatine of 
Lancaster, appointed March, 1914. Author : Of about forty Scientific Papers 
in Proceedings and Transactions of Scientific Societies. Recreations : Music 
and military studies. Note : Lieut. -Col. Commanding City of Liverpool 
Cadet Batt., King's (Liverpool) Regt., and, during the war. Paymaster, West 
Lanes. Territorial Force Association. Career : Held successively teaching 
posts in the University of Aberdeen and Edinburgh ; ultimately Professor 
of Botany, University of Liverpool, 1892 to date ; Chairman of Faculty of 
Science ; late Examiner in Universities of Aberdeen, Glasgow, Durham, Wales, 
Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain. At present. Examiner, Universities 
of Bristol and Ireland ; Member, Agricultural Committee, County Council 
of Lanes. ; represents the University of Liverpool on the West Lanes. Terri- 
torial Force Association ; Secretary and Treasurer, Territorial Nursing Service 
and Voluntary Aid Committee for West Lanes. ; previously Capt., Cheshire 
R.E., and O.C., Cheshire Brigade, A.S.C. 

HARWOOD, Captain John, J.P., Cotton Manufacturer (Retired), 
Town Councillor, Chairman of Limited Company. 

Whalley House, Accrington, Lanes. Born : At Blacksnape, Darwen, 
Lanes. ; son of Henry Harwood, of Pickup Bank, and Mary, daughter of 
Edmund Shaw, of Manchester (both deceased) . Educated : Elementary School. 
Married : July 4th, 1867, at Wesleyan Church, Chorley, to Sarah, daughter of 
Richard Fisher, of Chorley, and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of John Marsden. 
of BrinscaJl, and has issue four sons and two daughters : Thomas Edward. 
born August i6th, 1868 ; Harry, born April 12th, 1872 ; Lily, born December 
7th, 1874 ; Mary, born May 19th, 1881 ; John, born March 21st, 1883 ; Jack, 
born May 4th, 1887. Occupation : Cotton Manufacturer (retired) ; Chair- 
man of Messrs. Lang, Bridge, Ltd., Engineers, of Accrington ; Chairman 
of Messrs. Henry Livesey, Ltd., Machinists, of Blackburn. Appointments : 
J. P. for Borough of Accrington, since 1903 ; was an Officer in the CaNNTipore 
Rifles (India), and was allowed to retain his rank on retirement in 1898 ; 
elected Councillor, Accrington Corporation, 1900 ; Mayor and Chief Magis- 
trate, November, 1912-13-14. Travelled : Four years in the United States, and 
tw^enty-three years in India ; represented Blackburn Chamber of Commerce 
at Empire Congresses in Canada, London, Australia, New Zealand, and Tas- 
mania ; has also travelled in China, Japan, Sandwich Islands, etc. Recrea- 
tion : Travelling abroad. Club : Central Conservative, Accrington. Notes : 
Founded the Cawnpore Cotton Mills Co., Ltd.. Cawnpore, India, in 1882, and 
was Vice-Chairman of the Cawnpore (India) Municipality for some years. In 
September, 1914, raised the nth Service Battalion, E^t Lanes. Regt. (1,350 



i86 LANCASHIRE 



men) in nine days ; fed, clothed, housed, and trained them until taken over 
on August 15th, 1915 (now on foreign service). In February, 1915, raised 
the 158th Brigade, R.F.A., with ist Reserves, in nine weeks (also on foreign 
service). Has four nephews and two grandsons serving in the Army. His 
eldest son, too old for service, is engaged in recruiting at Accrington. 

HARWOOD, Lieut. Harold Marsh, R.A.M.C., J.P., M.A., M.B., B.C. 
(Cantab.), Chairman of Cotton Spinning Company. 

Brownlow Fold MiDs, Bolton. 'Phone : 202 Bolton. Born : March 
29th, 1874, at Eccles ; son of George Harwood, M.P., and Alice Marsh. Educated : 
Marlborough College, and Trinity College, Cambridge ; M.A., M.B., B.C. 
(Cantab.). Occupation : Cotton Spinner ; Chairman of Richard Harwood 
and Son, Ltd., Bolton. Appointments : J. P. for Bolton ; Member of Bolton 
Town Council, 1905-1909. Publications : Plays performed : " Honour Thy 
Father," Pioneer Players, 1912 ; "The Mask" (with F. T. Jesse;, 1912 ; 
" Interlopers," Royalty Theatre, 1913 ; "Please Help Emily," 1916. Club: 
The Bath. Career : He was House Physician at St. Thomas's Hospital, 1901 ; 
practised in the City of London from 1901-1902 ; then retired and became 
Managing Director of R. Harwood and Son, Ltd., in Bolton. Cotton Spinner 
in 1902 ; he became Chairman of the Company on the death of George Harwood, 
M.P., in 1912 ; in October, 1914, he went to France with the Red Cross Am- 
bulance Convoy until March, 1915. In June, 1915, he became Resident 
Medical House Officer of 5th London General Hospital (St. Thomas's.) Note : 
1st Lieut., R.A.M.C. (T.F.), August, 1915. 

HARWOOD, Walter Edward, Company Director, Solicitor. 

134, Barlow Moor Road, West Didsbury, Manchester. Office : 42, 
Spring Gardens, Manchester. Born : At Manchester ; son of Thomas 
Harwood. Educated : Chorlton High School. Profession : Solicitor ; Chair- 
man, Guardian Plate Glass Insurance, Co., Ltd. Appointment : Member of 
Manchester City Council, Didsbury Ward, Alderman. 

HARWOOD-BANNER, Sir John Sutherland, Kt., M.P., D.L., J.P. 

Astun Hall, Preston Brook, Cheshire. Born : September, 1847 '» son of 
Harwood Walter Banner, of Bebington, Cheshire. Educated : Radley. 
Married : 1876, to Elizabeth, daughter of the late Thomas Knowles, M.P. 
for Wigan, of Darnhall Hall, Cheshire. Profession : Partner in the firm of 
Harwood-Banner and Son, Chartered Accountants, of Liverpool. Appoint- 
ments : Chairman of the Pearson Knowles Coal and Iron Co., Ltd. ; Auditor 
of Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Co., and of the Bank of Liverpool ; 
J.P. and D.L. for Cheshire (High Sheriff, 1902) ; Member of Liverpool Town 
Council, and Chairman of Finance Committee ; President of Association of 
Municipal Corporations ; Elected Lord Mayor of Liverpool, 1912 ; Knighted, 
1913. A Conservative ; has sat for Everton Division of Liverpool since 
February 22nd, 1905. Clubs : Carlton ; Junior Carlton. 

HASLAM, Cyril, Managing Director, Limited Companies. 

Bank Quay, Warrington ; Royds Mount, Helsby, Cheshire. Born : 
February 3rd, 1893, at Reading ; second son of Dryland and Alice Haslara, 
Warren House, Caversham. Educated : Reading ; Eastbourne ; Hastings. 
Married : April 19th, 1904, to Margery Jane, daughter of the Rev, Randolphe 
Pigott, of Grendon Hall, Bucks., and Adeline Pigott, and has issue one son 
and one daughter : Randolphe, bom January 26th, 1905 ; Pearl Margery, 



BIOGRAPHIES 187 



born February 26th, 1912. Occupation : Soap and Chemical Manufacturer ; 
Managing Director of Messrs. William Gossage and Sons, Ltd., Widnes, and 
Messrs. Joseph Crosfield and Sons, Ltd., Warrington. Travelled : Canada, 
U.S.A., South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, South Sea Islands, Japan. 
Club: R.A.C. 

HASLAM, Alderman John Percival, J.P., Cotton Spinner, Company 
Director. 

Ravenswood, Heaton, Bolton. Born : 1847, ^^ Bolton ; son of John 
and Jane Haslam (nee Crook), of Bolton. Married : 1873, to the daughter 
of W. H. Clare, of Twycross, and has issue and five daughters : two sons, 
Ellen Clare (Mrs. Marsh) ; Mabel Clare (Mrs. Ainsworth) ; Major Algernon 
Harcourt Clare ; Clara Jane Clare (Mrs. Tillard) ; Mary Ursula Clare (Mrs. 
Marsh) ; Capt. Percy Lovell Clare ; Florence Emily Clare. Occupation : 
Cotton Spinner and Manufacturer ; Director, John Haslam and Co., Haslam 
Spinning Co. ; Director, W. Ryder, Ltd., and John Musgrave and Sons, 
Ltd. ; Bolton Cotton Trade Mutual Fire Insurance Co. ; Bolton Mutual 
Employers' Liabihty Insurance Co. Appointments : J.P, for Lanes. ; Alder- 
man, Borough of Bolton. 

HASSAL, John Alfred Satterfield, F.I.C.A. 

6, Lord Street, Liverpool ; 27, Chancery Lane, London, \W.C. Born : 
April, 1868, at Waterloo, Lanes. ; only surviving son of the late John 
Satterfield Hassal, Banker, of Liverpool. Educated : King William's College, 
Isle of Man. Married : 1895, at Birkenhead, to Martha Helen, fourth daughter 
of the late Alderman Thos. Cook, J.P., of Birkenhead, and has issue two sons 
and one daughter. Profession : Chartered Accountant ; Fellow of the Insti- 
tute of Chartered Accountants (member since February, 1892). Recreations : 
Golf, shooting, motoring. Clubs : Cheshire Automobile, of which he is joint 
founder and Hon. Secretary; and Exchange, Liverpool. 

HASSALL, Thomas, Alderman and Justice of Peace for Manchester. 

Hazelhome, St. George's Square, St. Annes-on-Sea ; Lyme Cottage. 
Wellington Road, Eccles. Office : Ducie Street, Piccadilly, Manchester, 
'Phone : 946 Central Manchester. Telegrams : Sel, Manchester. Born : April 
14th, 1848, at Salford ; son of John Hassall. Educated : Alston College, Longridge, 
near Preston. Married : 1870, and has issue ten children (nine living). 
Occupation : Salt Merchant and Drysalter ; Director, Rochdale Canal Co. 
Member of Chamber of Commerce ; also Royal Exchange and Coal Exchange. 
Appointments: J.P. ; Manchester City Council (C), St. Clement's W^ard ; 
Alderman (twenty-one years on the Council) . Recreations : Golf and bowling. 
Clubs : Constitutional, Cross Street, Manchester ; Athenaeum ; St. Clement's 
Conservative, Manchester. Masonic Lodge : 1213, Bridgewater (P.M., P. 
Prov. G., A.D.C. for West Lanes.), since 1870. Notes : On the Western 
Sea Fisheries Board ; recruiting for Navy and swearing in recruits ; 
Treasurer of Navy League since commencement ; succeeded his father in 
business; has one son serving in Lord Derby's Regiment in France ; has 
been resident of Eccles for over fifty years. 

HATFIELD, Rev. Charles Henry, M.A., Vicar of St. Philip's, 
Southport. 

St. Philip's Vicarage, Southport, Lanes. Born : May 21st, 1S54, at 
Doncaster ; son of the late Charles William Hatfield, of Hall Cross, Regent 
Square, Doncaster, and Martha, daughter of Robert Stacy, of Doncaster. 
Educated : Doncaster Grammar School ; St. John's College, Cambridge ; 
College Prizeman ; B.A., 1877 ; M.A., 1880. Married : April 20th, 18S0, at 



i88 LANCASHIRE 



Ugthorpe, Yorks., to Dinah Elizabeth Ann, third daughter of the late John 
Thomas Rayner, of Methley, and Sarah, daughter of Benjamin Burnley, of 
Wakefield, and has issue one son and two daughters : Norman Henry Rayner, 
born January 19th, 1899 ; Christine Mary, born February ist, 1886 ; Doris 
Aline, born January i8th, 1892. Profession : Vicar of St. Philip's, Southport. 
Appointment : Vice-President of Southport Infirmary. Travelled : Palestine 
and Egypt. Recreations : Cycling and photography. 

HAWKE-GENN,* Bernard, M.B., Ch.B., Physician and Surgeon. 

172, St. Hubert's Road, Great Harwood, Lanes. Born : July 2nd, 1872, 
at Rock Ferry, Cheshire ; son of John Frederick Theodore and Ellen Mary 
Stahlknecht, of West Kirby, Cheshire. Educated : M.B., Ch.B., Victoria and 
Liverpool University. Married: December 12th, 1901, at West Kirby, to 
Ethel Cleland, only daughter of Richard Barnes Gardner, of Kirby Park, 
West Kirby, Cheshire, and has issue two sons : Richard Theodore, born 
April 8th, 1906, and Godfrey Bernard, born March loth. 1911. Profession : 
Physician and Surgeon. Recreations : Golf, Badminton, bridge, billiards. 
7 ravelled : Germany, Clubs : Great Harwood Union and Golf. Note : 
Member of the Legion of Frontiersmen. 

* Changed name by Deed Poll, September, 1914. 

HAWORTH, Sir Arthur Adlington (Bart.), Chairman, Manchester 

Royal Exchange. 

Normanby, Altrincham ; Pall Mall Court, Manchester. Born : 1865, at 
Eccles ; eldest son of Abraham and EUzabeth Ha worth. Educated : Rugby 
School. Married : 1891, to Lily Rigby, daughter of John Rigby, and has 
issue one son and two daughters : Arthur Geoffrey, Lois, and Mary. Occu- 
pation : Chairman, Manchester Royal Exchange. Appointments : Late 
M.P. for South Manchester ; Junior Lord of the Treasury ; J. P. for Cheshire 
and Salop. Recreations : Hunting, shooting, fishing. Clubs : Reform, 
and National and Liberal, London ; Reform and Union, Manchester. Notes : 
Commandant of Altrincham Batt., Cheshire Volunteer Regt. ; his son is 
2nd Lieut., Royal West Kent Regt., now serving at Salonika. 

HAWORTH, Colonel Frederic, J. P., D.L., Company Director. 

Ashley Green, near Ambleside. Born: 1857, at Whalley Range ; youngest 
son of Richard Haworth, of Mersey Bank, Didsbury. Educated : Privately. 
Married : 1881, to the daughter of R. Hodgkinson, of Cheadle-Moseley, 
Cheshire. Occupation : Director of Richard Haworth and Co., Ltd. Appoint- 
ments : J. P. and D.L. for Co. Westmorland. Recreation : Yachting. Clubs : 
Constitutional, and Royal Windermere Yacht. Notes : Col. Commandant, 
3rd Vol. (now 7th) Batt., Lanes. Fusiliers, 1884-1906 ; Hon. Col. 7th Batt. 
Lanes. Fusiliers from 1906 ; served with nth Batt., Border Regt., September, 
1914, to January, 1915 ; Recruiting Officer for 34th Regtl. District. His son. 
Capt. R. Haworth, ist Batt., Lanes. Fusiliers, received D.S.O. for gallantry 
on occasion of the landing at Dardanelles, April 25th, 1915. 

HAWORTH, Jesse, LL.D., Egyptologist. 

Woodside, Bowdon. Born : 1835, at Bolton ; son of S. Lomax Haworth. 
Educated : Manchester Grammar School ; then apprenticed to firm of Messrs. 
James Dilworth and Son, yarn commission agents. Married : 1874, to the 
eldest daughter of the late William Armitage, of Townfield, Altrincham, and 
has no issue. Occupation : Senior Partner of the firm of James Dilworth 
and Son. Having been a subscriber to the Manchester Royal Exchange for 



BIOGRAPHIES 189 



sixty years, he was in 1914 presented with a Comphmentary Free Ticket. On 
Board of Management of Henshaw's Blind Asylum for twenty years, and for 
about the same time on that of the Children's Hospital (he is still the Senior 
Trustee). Since i88g one of the Trustees of the Religious Institute. For 
twenty years he was J. P. for Cheshire, but retired from the Bench in 1903. 
In 1889 he was invited to become the Liberal Candidate for Burnley, but 
dechned. He retains his connection with the Manchester Reform Club and 
is one of the survivors of the ninety-nine original guarantors of the club, founded 
in 1867. He has been a shareholder and country member of the National 
Liberal Club since its formation in 1882. Career: Has taken a great interest in 
the work of exploration in Egypt. Presented a full set of the seventy-one 
published proof engravings of Turner's Liber Studiorum to the Municipal 
School of Art, Cavendish Street, Manchester. In 1908 he gave to the Burnley 
Corporation his collection of 121 Landseer proof engravings, which had been 
exhibited at the Townley Art Gallery for two years. Was invited to open 
the New Museum at Manchester in 1912. The degree of Doctor of Laws was 
conferred on him by the Victoria University in recognition of his great services 
in promoting the study of Egyptology. 

HAWORTH, William Thomas, J.P., Schoolmaster, Director of Co- 
operative Society. 

342, Fairfield Road, Droylsden, Manchester. Born : 1861, at Hurst ; eldest 
son of Thomas Wadicor and Maria Haworth, of Droylsden, Lanes. Trained as 
Schoolmaster, Borough Road College, London. Married : 1885, Sarah Swindells, 
daughter of . Henry Burgess, of Droylsden, and has issue two daughters : 
elder died February, 1914 ; younger, married to Harold Smith, of Cheadle 
Hulme. Profession : Schoolmaster. Appointments : Director of Co-operative 
Sundries Manufacturing Society, Droylsden ; J. P. for Lanes, 1913 ; Coun- 
cillor, Urban District Council, Droylsden, since January, 1895. Recreation : 
Cricket. Masonic Lodge : Droylsden, No. 3282 ; rank, P.P.A.G.D.C. ; Secre- 
tary of Lodge for past seven years. Notes : Special Constable, 1915 ; Military 
Representative under the Derby Scheme and Military Service Act. 

HAY, John, M.D. (Vic), M.D. (Liv.), F.R.C.P., M.R.C.S. (London).; 
Capt. R.A.M.C. (T.) 

12, Rodney Street, Liverpool ('Phone : 1167 Royal) ; 10, Grove Park, 
Liverpool, Born : November 25th, 1873, at Birkenhead, Liverpool ; son 
of James Murdock Hay, of Fairview Lodge, Heswall, and Annie Wilhelmina 
Hamilton Hogg. Educated : Liverpool Institute High School, Lanes. 
Married : January 17th, 1906, at Tyldesley, to Agnes Margaret, daughter 
of the late William Duncan, M.D., of Tyldesley, and has issue two sons and 
two daughters : Margaret Duncan, born Nov. 3rd, 1906 ; John Duncan, born 
Feb. 6th, 1909 ; Louisa Isobel, born Jan. 7th, 191 1 ; William James, born 
March 22nd, 1913. Appointments : Physician to Out-Patient Department, 
Liverpool Royal Infirmary ; Consulting Physician, Children's Convalescent 
Home, West Kirby. Publications : " Heart Disease " (Henrj^ Frowde) ; 
" Graphic Methods " (Hodder and Stoughton), 1909. Recreation : Golf. 

HAYDOCK, Milton, J.P. (Lancaster). 

Churchfield House, Great Harwood. Born : June loth, 1848, at Great 
Harwood, Lanes. ; son of Joseph and Mary Haydock, of Great Harsvood. 
Married : 1884, to Janet, daughter of John Mackinley, of Musselburgh, Edin- 
burgh. Appointment : J.P. for the County of Lancaster. Clubs : Union 
and Reform, Blackburn ; Union, Great Harwood. 



igo LANCASHIRE 



HAYES, Rev. James Gordon, formerly Civil Engineer, now Curate- 
in- Charge. 

The HoUies, Flixton. Born : 1877 ^t Worcester. Educated : Worcester 
Grammar and Private Schools ; Corpus Christi College, Cambridge ; Scholar 
and Sub-Librarian, Historical Tripos ; M.A. Married : 1913, to Mabel 
Richard, daughter of Douglas Richard and Agnes Messenger, and has no issue. 
Occupation : For ten years as Civil Engineer, was Associate Member of Insti- 
tution of Civil Engineers of Ireland, and Mullins Silver Medallist, 1905 ; also 
Member of Royal Sanitary Institute of Great Britain, and of Society of 
Engineers, London. Appointments : Took Holy Orders in 1909 ; ordained 
by Bishop of Southwell to St. Alkmund's, Derby ; Curate of Christ Church 
and St. Mary's West Didsbury ; Curate-in-Charge of Cadishead ; Sub- 
Examiner, Cambridge Local Examinations, 1914. Career : After leaving 
school was articled to Thos. Caink, A.M.Inst., C.E. for three years ; then 
Assistant Engineer to J. E. Wilcox, M.Inst. C.E. (now Wilcox and Raikes), of 
Temple Row, Birmingham ; subsequently Chief Assistant to H. E. Werner, 
of Westminster, and J. H. H. Swiney, M.Inst. C.E. , Consulting Engineer and 
Government Arbitrator of Belfast. Consulting Civil Engineer for various 
public works ; keen Churchman and lay worker. Entered C.C.C, Cambridge 
in 1906, Ordained by Bishop of Southwell in 1909 ; appointed by the Bishop 
of Manchester to the Curacy-in-Charge of the large conventional district of 
Cadishead in December, 1915 ; Locum Tenens of St. Andrew's, Levenshulme, 
Manchester, January-May, 1916. Recreations : Formerly rowing, swimming, 
high jumping, gymnastics, skating and golf ; now walking, gardening. Pub- 
lications : " Some Notes on Bacterial Purification," read before the Institute 
of Civil Engineers in Dublin ; " The Church and the Layman," read before 
the Manchester Clerical Society. Clubs : Formerly Member of Derby Con- 
servative ; Derwent Rowing ; C.C.C. Boating and other College Clubs ; Past- 
President of C.C.C. Literary Society ; Worcester Rowing ; Birmingham 
Athletic ; now Old Rectory, Manchester. 

HAYMAN, Capt. Perceval Mills Cobham, Barrister-at-Law. 

13, Harrington Street, Liverpool. Born : 1884, at Ruddington, Notts. ; 
younger son of Henry Telford Hayman, M.A. (Clerk in Holy Orders;, and 
Ellen Maria Elizabeth Cobham Hayman. Educated : Privately. Married : 
May 26th, 1914, to Susan Moon, younger daughter of William H. Hartley 
and Mrs. Hartley, of Hoarstones, near Burnley, Lanes., and has issue one 
son : Perceval Ecroyd Cobham, born March 22nd, 1915. Profession : 
Barrister-at-Law (Inner Temple), Northern Circuit. Recreations: Cricket 
and shooting. Clubs : Exchange and Racquet Liverpool ; Primrose, 
St. James's, London. Career : Called to the Bar, January, 1913 ; 
entered Chambers of A. R, Kennedy, Barrister-at-Law ; joined Northern 
Circuit ; Member of Liverpool City and County Sessions, Wigan Sessions, 
Blackburn Sessions, Burnley Sessions, and Preston Sessions. Note : East 
Lanes. Regt., 5th Batt., August 22nd, 1914 ; Capt., January 21st, 1915, 2/5th 
East Lanes. Regt. 

HAYTHORNTHWAITE, Councillor Thomas Henry, Managing 
Director of Printing Company. 

Park Villa, Harper's Lane, Bolton. Born : August 27th, 1874, at New 
Southgate, London, N. ; son of Thomas Septimus and Elizabeth Haythorn- 
thwaite. Married : February 27th, 1898, to Jennie, third daughter of the 
late William Graham. Occupation : Managing Director, Messrs. Geo. Henry 
and Co., Printers, Bolton. Appointments : Hon. Secretary, Lanes, and Cheshire 



BIOGRAPHIES 191 



Federation of Junior Unionist Association ; Councillor for County Borough 
of Bolton, elected November ist, 1909 ; Member of the Manchester University 
O.T. Corps. Recreations : Golf and bowls. Clubs : Manchester Constitutional 
and Bolton Conservative. Masonic Lodge : Goulburn, 3478. 

HAYWARD, Charles Williams, M.D., CM. (Edin.), D.P.H. (Cantab.), 
M.R.C.S. (Eng.), L.R.C.P. (Lond.), Barrister, Author. 

The Octagon, Grove Street, Liverpool. 'Phone : Royal 2342. Born : 
July 17th, 1864, at Liverpool ; son of John W. Hayward, M.D., M.R.C.S., 
L.S. A., of Shrewsbury Road, Birkenhead. Educated: M.D., CM. (Edinburgh) ; 
D.P.H. (Cambridge) ; M.R.C.S. (England) ; L.R.C.P. (London) ; studied 
at Edinburgh and Vienna ; Barrister-at-Law (Gray's Inn). Married : 1889, 
at Liverpool, to Lily, daughter of the late Thomas Davies, J. P., of Bootle, 
and has issue two daughters : Edna, born 1890 ; Eileen, born 1895. Pro- 
fession : Barrister-at-Law ; Author. Publications : " The Medical Profes- 
sion and the Present Hospital System," 1898 ; " Albuminuria " ; " Ration- 
alism and Medicine " ; " Rational Considerations on the Hospital Question " ; 
" Further Rational Considerations on the Hospital Question " {Liverpool 
Medical Journal) ; " Ionic Medication," 1912 ; " Wilfred, and Other Poems " ; 
1901 ; " Anthony, the Philosopher," 1910 ; " Taxation of Land Values " ; 
" War, Conscription, Armaments, and Sanity," 1913 ; " What is Diplomacy ?" 
1915. Travelled: Vienna. Recreations: Motoring and writing. Notes: Has 
been Operating Surgeon of Liverpool Hahnemann Hospital, since 1887 ; 
a Founder-member of the Rodewald Concert Club ; Business Manager of 
the Green Room Amateur Dramatic Society ; Adopted Prospective Liberal 
Candidate for Radnorshire, 1912, but resigned January, 1913. 

HEALD, James, M.A., Trustee of Bluecoat Hospital, Member, 
Liverpool Tribunal. 

Oakwood, Allerton, Liverpool ; Parrs Wood, Didsbury, Manchester. 
Born : April 22nd, 1859, at Halewood ; son of William Norris Heald, J. P., 
D.L., of Brook House, Halewood, and Parrs Wood, Didsbury, Lanes., and 
Jeanie, daughter of the late Rev. Edward Walker, M. A. Educated : Privately ; 
Trinity College, Cambridge ; B.A., 1881 ; M.A., 1885. Married : September 
8th, 1892, at All Hallows Church, Allerton, to Nettie Stewart, second daughter 
of Stewart Henry Brown, of Allerton, Banker, and his wife Emily, daughter 
of the late James Birkett, of Fulwood Park, Liverpool, and has issue two sons : 
William Henry Arthur, born October loth, 1893 ; Lionel Frederick, born 
August 7th, 1897 (both now in the Service — Royal Flying Corps, and R.E. 
respectively). Appointments : Chairman, Allerton Urban District Council, 
1909-1913 ; Co-opted Member of the City of Manchester Education Com- 
mittee since 1907 ; Trustee of the Liverpool Bluecoat Hospital since 1909 ; 
Alderman of City of Liverpool on Incorporation of Allerton, 1913. 
Travelled : Knows the Continent well. Recreations : Shooting, fishing, 
politics ; formerly cricket, racquets, football ; member of Corinthian F.C., 
Lancashire, M.C.C., and Surrey C.C. Clubs : Oxford and Cambridge, S.W. ; 
Conservative, Palatine, Liverpool ; Constitutional, Manchester. Xotes : 
Is a landowner in South-east and South-west Lanes. ; was formerly a 
Solicitor, and in partnership with the late Lord Wolverhampton and Sir R. 
W. Perks, Bart., M.P. ; a keen Conservative, but without Parliamentary 
ambition, having declined several seats and various public appointments. 

HEAP, Charles, J. P., Company Director, ex-Mayor of Rochdale. 

Caldershaw, Rochdale. Born : May 24th, 1845, at Caldershaw, Roch- 
dale ; sixth son of Samuel and Ann Heap, of Caldershaw, Rochdale. Edu- 
cated : Wesley College, Sheffield. Married : To Margaret Ellen, only daughter 



192 LANCASHIRE 



of John Stockdale Hudson, of Ivy House, Rochdale, and has issue four sons 
and four daughters : Frederick Charles, born December 13th, 1876 ; John 
Hudson, born July 22nd, 1878 ; Samuel, born May 23rd, 1880 ; Helen, born 
May 15th, 1882 ; William, born August 12th, 1884 ; Annie, bom June 26th, 
1887 ; Margaret, born October ist, 1889 ; Jessie, bom August nth, 1891. 
Occupation : Director of Messrs. Samuel Heap and Son, Ltd., Bleachers, Dyers, 
Finishers of Cotton Wool and Silk Goods ; also Director of the Ramie Co., 
Ltd. Appointments : J. P. for the County of Lancaster, 1905 ; Mayor of 
Rochdale, 1907-1908 (retired November, 1910, owing to ill health). Travelled : 
United States of America, Canada, Germany, France, Italy, Switzerland, 
Norway, Egypt. Recreations : Golf, billiards, motoring. Club : Reform, 
Rochdale. 

HEAP, Joseph, J. P. 

Red Lees, Blackpool. Born : 1852, at Burnley ; son of James Heap. 
Married : 1876, to Miss Clarke, of Red Lees, Burnley. Occupation : Head of 
the firm of Clarke Heap, Blackpool ; Director, Times Printing Co., Blackpool ; 
Bickenstaffe, Ltd. ; John Crankshawe, Ltd., Horwich ; W. R. Pickup and Co., 
Horwich ; Y.M.C.A. Camp, Ltd., Norbank, Blackpool. Appointments : J. P. 
for Lanes., 1895, for Blackpool, 1898 ; Mayor, 1898-1899 ; Alderman, 1898 ; 
Freeman of Blackpool, 1909. Recreation : Cricket. Club : National Liberal, 
London. Masonic Lodge : 2606, Blackpool. Notes : On Recruiting Com- 
mittee ; son, a despatch rider, 9th Division R.E., British Expeditionary Force. 

HEAPE, Charles, J.P., F.R.G.S., F.R.Anth.L, Director of Calico 
Printers' Association. 

Hartley High Lane, near Stockport ; Glebe House, Rochdale. Born : 
1848, at Rochdale ; second son of the late Samuel Heape, J. P., of Rochdale, 
and of Melbourne, Victoria, and Selina, daughter of Joseph Sleath, of Rochdale. 
Occupation : Director of the Calico Printers' Association, Ltd., and of 
St. James's Buildings, Ltd., of Manchester ; F.R.G.S., F.R.Anth.Inst. 
Appointment : J. P. for Cheshire, 1912. Publications : Joint author of the 
" Ethnographical Album " (published by Edge-Partington and Heape) ; 
joint author of the " Records of the Family of Heape " (printed for private 
circulation only). Recreation : Anthropology ; has a collection of Ethno- 
logical specimens in his house at Rochdale, which is considered by many to 
be inferior to no other private collection in the North of England. Clubs : 
Royal Societies, London ; Union, Manchester. Note : Both his parents' 
families have been settled in England for many centuries. 

HEAPE, Joseph Robert, J.P., ex-Mayor of Rochdale, Alderman, 
Landowner. 

Glebe House, Rochdale ; Hartley, High Lane, Cheshire. Born : Sep- 
tember 2ist, 1845, at Rochdale ; son of Samuel and Sehna Heape, of Rochdale. 
Educated: Melbourne, Victoria, and in England. Married: September 15th, 
1875, at Rochdale, to Eleanor, daughter of Thomas Booth, J. P., of Hare- 
lands, Rochdale, and has issue one son : Bernard (B.A., F.R.G.S.), bom 
April 28th, 1879. Appointments : J. P. for Borough of Rochdale, 1886 ; J. P. 
for County of Lancaster, 1889 ; elected Member of Town Council, 1878 ; 
Alderman, 1890 ; Member of School Board, 1882-1903. Mayor of Rochdale 
during Queen Victoria's Jubilee year. Knight of Grace of the Order of 
St. John of Jerusalem. Travelled : Austraha, America, Egypt, Palestine, 
Italy, Sicily, Algiers, Germany, France, Switzerland, etc. Recreations : 
Riding, lawn tennis, gardening, etc. Clubs : Royal Societies, London ; 
Reform, Manchester ; Reform, Rochdale. Notes : His grandfather, Benjamin 



BIOGRAPHIES 193 



Heape, was Town's Commissioner and proclaimed the accession of Queen 
Victoria, on June 20th, 1837. For more than eighty years his grandfather, 
his uncle, Robert Taylor Heape, J. P., D.L., and the subject of this biography 
have been continuously associated with the governing authority of the town. 
Joint owner with Charles Heape (brother), of Buckley Barn Estate, Rochdale. 
His only son is serving in France in connection with the British Ambulance 
Association. 

HEATON, James, Chairman and Managing Director of Limited 
Company. 

Eccleston House, St. Helens ; Ravenhead, St. Helens. 'Phone : 33 St. 
Helens. Telegrams: "Ravenhead." Born: May 21st, 1859, at Ince, near 
Wigan, son of William and Sarah Heaton, Educated : National Schools. 
Married : December 8th, 1880, to Elizabeth Monks, daughter of Paul and 
Mary Monks, and has issue three sons and three daughters : Wilham, Robert, 
Frank, Maud, Nelly, and Belle. Occupation : Chairman and Managing Director, 
Ravenhead Sanitary Pipe and Brick Co., Ltd. Appointments : Councillor, 
St. Helens, 1908 ; Chairman, St. Helens Education Committee ; Chairman, 
5th South Lanes. (T.) Regt., Recruiting Committee. Clubs : Conservative, 
St. Helens ; President, Peasley Cross Conservative and Unionist. Masonic 
Lodges: Loyalty, 897, St. Helens (P.P. J.G.D.), West Lanes. Province; 
Loyalty Chapter (P.P., A.S.), William-de-la-More K.L Preceptory (P.P.). 
Career : Left school at ii| years of age, and started in a lawyer's office ; 
then had experience as a railway booking clerk, and in the office of a wagon 
builder. At fourteen years of age was supposed to have settled to learning 
the trade of a boilermaker's plater, but this he left and went back to a lawyer's 
office, and then to the offices of a colliery, and a painter, and at 17^ years of 
age obtained a situation in the office of the Ravenhead Sanitary Pipe and 
Brick Co., Ltd., as a clerk ; after some years was appointed Secretary of 
the Company, and for about ten years has held the position of Managing 
Director and Chairman. Is a Past President of the British Clayworkers' 
Association, formulated the scheme of Association, and was first Chairman 
of the South Lanes. Brick Manufacturers' Association ; assisted in the forma- 
tion of the London Pressed Brick Makers' Association, the Manchester Common 
Brick Makers' Association, and others. Patentee of process and first manu- 
facturer of Rustic Facing Bricks, and some four years ago introduced Carved 
Brick Decoration, by organising a class of working boys for special training 
in brick decoration technique at the St, Helens School of Art. Has been with 
the Ravenhead Company now nearly forty years. During the summer of 
1915 led a constant daily recruiting campaign in St. Helens and a large adjoin- 
ing country area for the 5th South Lanes (T.) Regt. Has two sons in the 
5th South Lanes. (T.) Regt. : Captain William Heaton, who was wounded in 
the second German attack on Ypres on the 2nd of May last, but is now fully 
recovered ; Captain Robert Heaton, who was in the trenches in the Ypres 
salient during the German's second attack. Has another son, Frank, a Cadet 
in the Artists' Rifles. 

HELM, Capt. James Howard, B.A., Barrister-at-Law. 

Richmond Lodge, Bowdon, Cheshire. Born : February 7th, 1881, near 
Manchester ; son of the late Elijah and Mrs. Helm. Educated : Rydal Mount 
School ; Trinity Hall, Cambridge ; B.A. Profession : Barrister-at-Law, 
Appointments : Hon. Secretary of Heyrod Street Lads' Club, Manchester ; 
Councillor of the City of Manchester, 1910. Publications : Occasional con- 
tributions on Educational and Social Topics. Recreation : Yachting. 
Clubs : Reform, Manchester ; Cavendish, London. Note : Capt., 6th Man- 
chester Regt. (T.F.). ; wounded in Galhpoh, now serving in Egypt. 



194 LANCASHIRE 



HELME, Sir Norval Watson, M.P., J.P., President, Lancaster 
Chamber of Commerce. 

Springfield Hall, Lancaster ; 2, Whitehall Court, S.W. Born : Sep- 
tember 22nd, 1849, at Lancaster ; son of James and Mary J. Helme, of Lan- 
caster. Educated : Royal Grammar School, Lancaster. Married : July 17th, 
1877, at Caldbeck, to Mary, elder daughter of Thomas Wilson, of Caldbeck, 
and has issue two sons and one daughter : Thomas Wilson, born 1881 ; James, 
born 1884 ; Edith Mary, born 1886 (married to Erskine A. Crossley). Appoint- 
ments : J. P. for County of Lancaster, 1894 ; Member of Parliament (since 
1900) for Lancaster Division ; Knight Bachelor, 1912 ; Alderman, Lancashire 
County Council ; Chairman of Lanes. Asylums Board ; Alderman, Borough 
of Lancaster ; President of Lancaster and District Chamber of Commerce. 
Travelled : U.S.A., Canada, and Near East. Club : Reform, London. 
Masonic Lodge : Rowley, 1051 (P.M. and 31st Degree); P.P.G.W., West 
Lancashire. 

HELME, Dr. T. Artliur, M.D., M.R.C.P., F.R.S.E. 

Mayfield, Victoria Park, Manchester ; Tan-y-vron, Rhos Neigr, Anglesey. 
Born : 1862, at Lancaster ; son of James Helme, of Lancaster. Educated : 
Lancaster Royal Grammar School ; University College, London ; Universities 
of Edinburgh and Strasburg ; M.D., M.R.C.P., F.R.S.E. Honours : Gold 
MedaUist (Doctor of Medicine) of the University of Edinburgh ; Exhibitioner 
and Gold Medallist in Materia Medica, University of London ; Leckie Mactier 
Fellow, and Buchanan Scholar in Obstetrics and the Diseases of Women, 
University of Edinburgh ; Research Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, 
Edinburgh. Married : To Florence, daughter of James Crofts, of Bloomfield, 
Tipton, and has issue one son and one daughter : Arthur Crofts de Beetham, 
and Mary F. C. de Beetham. Profession : Consultant in Diseases of Women ; 
Senior Hon. Physician for Women to the Northern Hospital for Women and 
Children, Manchester ; formerly Junior Assistant to the Professor of Mid- 
wifery and Diseases of Women, University of Edinburgh ; Demonstrator and 
Assistant to Dr. Barbour ; Lecturer on the Diseases of Women, School of 
Medicine, Edinburgh ; Demonstrator of Anatomy, University of Edinburgh ; 
Senior House Surgeon and Resident Obstetric Surgeon to St. Mary's Hospital, 
Manchester ; House Surgeon to University Wards for Diseases of Women, 
Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, and at the Royal Maternity and Simpson 
Memorial Hospital, Edinburgh. Appointments : Representative of Medical 
Profession on Manchester Insurance Committee ; Chairman of the Manchester 
Insurance Medical Committee and of the Manchester Division of the British 
Medical Association ; President of the Manchester Medico-Ethical Society ; 
Vice-President of the Medical Defence Union ; Hon. Secretary, Manchester 
and Salford Sick Poor Nursing Institute ; Chairman of the Manchester Medical 
War Committee ; formerly President of the Lanes, and Cheshire Branch of 
the British Medical Association, and Member of Council of the British Medical 
Association, etc. Publications : " Histological Observations on the Muscular 
Fibre and Connective Tissue of the Uterus during Pregnancy and the Puerpe- 
rium," Trans. Royal Society Ed. (Vol, XXXV.) ; " Abdominal Total Hyste- 
rectomy for Pelvic Obstruction by Fibromyomata," Jour, of Obst. and Gyn. 
of British Empire, 1902 ; " The Appendix Vermiformis in Relation to Pelvic 
Disease in Women," British Medical Journal, Vol. II., 1906 ; " The Unborn 
Child : Its Care and its Rights," British Medical Journal, 1907 ; etc. 

HEMELRYK, Major Edward V. 

Yewfield, Woolton, Liverpool ('Phone : 23 Gateacre). Office : 7, Cotton 
Exchange, Liverpool ('Phone: 64 Liverpool). Born: September 9th, 1885, 
at Wavertree Lane ; fourth son of Paul Edward Joseph Hemelryk, J. P., 



BIOGRAPHIES 195 



O.R.S., and Caroline Bertha Hampshire. Educated: The Sacred Heart Jesuit 
College, Wimbledon ; the Oratory School, Edgbaston ; School of Commerce. 
Rolle, near Geneva ; School of Commerce, Cologne. Married : February rst, 
1912, to Norah Frances Maccabe, and has issue one son and one daughter : 
Elizabeth Catherine, and John Astley. Career : After studying in England 
at the Jesuit College at Wimbledon, and the Oratory at Edgbaston, went 
abroad for f' ur years. In 1905 entered the firm of Hornby, Hemelryk and 
Co., Cotton Brokers, Liverpool ; in 1910 was admitted into partnership. 
At present on Foreign Service in France. Has received the King George 
Coronation Medal. Notes : Joined Volunteer Force in 1907 (4th Lanes. 
R.G.A.), which was subsequently transferred into 4th West Lanes. Brigade, 
R.F.A. On outbreak of war appointed Staff Capt., R.A., to West Lanes. 
Division. Also enrolled during 1912 as Permanent Special Constable. 

HEMELRYK, Paul E. J., J.P., Knight Commander Saint Gregory, 
Consul for Japan, O.R.S. (Order Rising Sun). 

The Priory, Gateacre, Liverpool. Telegrams : Hemelryk, Liverpool- 
Born .• 1840, at Leyden, Holland ; son of P. Gz. Hemelryk and Christina 
Hermina Johanna Schmedding. Educated : Gymnasium, Boxmeer, Brabant ; 
St. Louis, Mechlin, Belgium. Married : 1874, to Caroline Bertha Hamp- 
shire, and has issue seven sons and five daughters : Paul Henry, Francis, 
Joseph, Mary, Bertha, Eugenie, George Edward, Anna Margaritta, Edward 
Valentine, Harold Victor, Charles Joseph, Eugene John Vincent, and Hilda 
Gertrude. Occupation : Founder of the firm of Hemelryk and Clover, 1865 > 
joined H. H. Hornby, and founded Hornby, Hemelryk and Co., 1875 ; Consul 
for Japan ; formerly Dutch Vice-Consul. Appointments : Vice-President. 
Superior Council of England, St. Vincent de Paul Society ; President, Central 
Council, St. Vincent de Paul Society, Liverpool Diocese; Chairman and 
Treasurer, Liverpool and County Police Court CathoUc Aid Society ; for- 
merly Chairman of Wavertree Local Board; ex- Vice-President, Chamber of 
Commerce ; ex-President School of Foreign Languages ; ex-Member, Execu- 
tive Council, Associated Chambers of Commerce, Representative of Liverpool ; 
ex-President, Liverpool School of Commerce ; ex-President, Wavertree Con- 
servative Working Men's Club. Publications : Commercial pamphlets on 
Commercial Education, on Forty Years' Reminiscences of the Cotton Trade. 
Recreation : Gardening. Note : Has five sons on active service at the front, 
and one enlisted for Secret Service. 

HEMMERDE, Edward George, K.C., M.P., Recorder of Liverpool. 

II, Mulberry Walk, Chelsea ('Phone : 863 Kensington) ; i. Hare Court, 
Temple ('Phone: 1592 Central). Born: November 13th, 1871, at London; 
soa of James Godfrey and Frances Hemmerde. Educated : Winchester and 
Oxford ; Classical Scholar of University College ; First Class Classical Mods. 
Married : 1903, to Lucy EUnor, daughter of Charles Courtney Colley 
and Mary Colley. Profession : King's Counsel ; Recorder of Liverpool. 
Appointments : M.P, for North-Western Division of Norfolk since 1912 ; for 
West Denbighshire, 1906-10. Publications : Plays — " A Maid of Honour " ; 
" Proud Maisie " ; " A Cardinal's Romance " ; in collaboration, " A Butter- 
fly on the Wheel"; "The Crucible." Recreation: Rowing (winner of 
Diamond Sculls, 1900) . 

HENDERSON, Algernon C. F., Managing Director of Shipping 
Company. 

8, Park Circus Place, Glasgow. Born: 1882, at Liverpool ; son of Francis 
Henderson, J. P. Educated : Greenbank School, Liverpool ; Rugby School. 
Married : January r6th. 1908. to Rachel M. D. Longton. Occupation : 



196 LANCASHIRE 



Managing Director, Anchor Line (Henderson Bros., Ltd.) ; Director of the 
Cunard Line ; one of the Managing Directors of T. and J. Brocklebank, Ltd. ; 
Director WeD Line, Ltd. Appointments : Member of Liverpool City Council, 
Dingle Ward, 1910-1912 ; Member of Committee of Seamen's Orphanage. 
Clubs : Junior Conservative, London ; Western, Glasgow ; Palatine, Liverpool. 

HENDERSON, Frederick William, B.A., B.Sc. 

Chorley Secondary School, Chorley. Born : September 28th, 1880, at 
Darlington ; second son of George J. Henderson, of Middlesbrough. Edu- 
cated : Middlesbrough High School, 1892-1895 ; Borough Road Training 
College, 1898-1900 ; Royal College of Science, London, 1900-1901. Married : 
December, 1907, to Grace, daughter of Thomas Cosier, of Widnes. Profession : 
Mathematics Master, Chorley Secondary School, and Technical Institute. 
Career : Bachelor of Science, 1901, and Bachelor of Arts, 1912, London Uni- 
versity. First in Honours at Matriculation, 1897. Mathematics Master at 
Widnes Secondary School, 1901-1904 ; Mathematics and Science Master at 
Wigan Mining College, 1904-1907 ; Mathematics Master at Chorley Secondary 
School, 1907 to present time. 

HENDERSON, Henry Martyn, M.B., Ch.B. (Vic), M.B., Ch.B. (Liv.). 
Bicton Lodge, Aigburth Road, Liverpool. Born : July 4th, 1873, at 
Rock Ferry, Cheshire ; son of the Rev. David Henderson (deceased), late of 
Rock Ferry, and Mary Henderson, daughter of Thomas Crookshanks, of Edin- 
burgh, Tobacco Manufacturer. Educated : Wellington, Salop ; Old Hall 
School, Liverpool; University College; Coombe Hospital, Dublin. Appoint- 
ments : Surgeon, Turner Memorial Home for Chronic Sufferers ; late Senior 
Resident Medical Officer, Royal Infirmary, Liverpool ; late House Surgeon, 
Liverpool Lock Hospital ; House Surgeon, Ophthalmic Department, and late 
Assistant- Aurist and Laryngologist, Royal Infirmary, Liverpool. Travelled : 
Canada, 1900 ; was shipwrecked the same year on Belle Isle when acting as 
Surgeon on ss. Scotsman. Recreations : Fishing and gardening. 

HENDY, Ernest William, B.A., Solicitor. 

Alderley Edge, Cheshire. Office : 56, Brown Street, Manchester. (Lon- 
don Agents : Messrs. Busk, Mellor and Norris.) Born: November 23rd, 1872, 
at Trowbridge, Wiltshire ; second son of James Wadman Hendy, of The Halve, 
Trowbridge, Wilts., and Julia Blake, only daughter (by his second marriage) 
of Richard Roberts, of Trowbridge. Educated : Blundell's School, Tiverton, 
Devon ; Balliol College, Oxford (Newte Exhibitioner) ; B.A., Honour School 
of Jurisprudence, 1895. Profession : Solicitor ; Partner in the firm of 
Cunliffe, Greg and Co., Solicitors, 56, Brown Street, Manchester. Recreations: 
Literature, ornithology, gardening, beaghng. 

HENN, Right Rev. Henry, D.D., Bishop Suffragan of Burnley. 

Reedley Lodge, Burnley, Lanes. Born: 1858, at Greystones, Co. Wicklow, 
Ireland ; son of Thomas Rice Henn, K.C., D.L., Recorder of Galway, of Para- 
dise, Co. Clare, Ireland, and Jane Isabella, daughter of the Right Hon. Francis 
Blackburne, Lord Chancellor of Ireland. Educated : Sherborne School and 
Trinity Hall, Cambridge (Scholar and First Class Classics, 1881) ; student of 
Lincoln's Inn, 1882. Married : November ist, 1905, at London, to Francis 
Helen, daughter of the Right Hon. Lord Colhns of Kensington. Appoint- 
ments : Fellow, Trinity Hall, Cambridge, 1881 ; Dean, 1888 ; Bursar and 
Lecturer till 1895 ; Ordained Deacon and Curate of Preston, 1886, Priest, 
1887 ; Vicar of St. Paul's, Preston, 1895 ; Vicar of Bolton and Rural Dean, 
1902 ; Chaplain of Bolton Union Workhouse, 1903, and South Lanes. Artil- 
lery Volunteers ; D.D., 1909, and consecrated in York Minster Bishop of 



BIOGRAPHIES 197 



Burnley. Travelled : France, Algiers, Italy, Germany, Denmark, Holland, 
Belgium, Norway, Sweden. Recreations : Fishing, sailing, cycling. Clubs : 
Cambridge University Cruising and Old Rectory, Manchester. Note : Was 
first Commodore of Cambridge University Cruising Club. 

HENRIQUES, David Quixano, Bank and Insurance Director, Stock- 
broker. 

Crookhey Hall, Cockerham, Lanes. 'Phone : 13, Pall Mall, Manchester. 
Born : 1866, at London ; eldest son of Arthur Quixano and Isabella Henriques. 
Educated : Clifton College and France. Married : 1893, to Edith, daughter 
of George Norbury, of Prestwich, and has issue one son and one daughter : 
George A. Henriques, born 1894 (Lieut., i6th Service Batt., Manchester Regt.) ; 
Muriel E. Henriques, born 1896. Occupation : Bank and Insurance Director, 
Stockbroker. Recreations : Shooting and golf. Career : After leaving Clifton 
College, and completing studies, entered the business of Henriques and Co., 
Merchants, of Manchester, in partnership with his uncle, the late E. M. 
Henriques, J. P., of that city ; was for many years abroad on the business of 
that firm. In 1898 became a member of the Manchester Stock Exchange, 
and founded the firm of D. G. Henriques and Co., of 13, Pall Mall, Manchester. 
Is a Director of the Bank of British West Africa, and the Norwich Union Life 
(Manchester Board). Largely interested in local public work and politics. 
An original member of the Manchester Distress Committee ; a strong Conser- 
vative ; Member of the Council of the Conservative Association, Manchester ; 
Ruling Councillor of the Cockerham Habitation of the Primrose League ; 
Special Constable, Manchester. 

HENRIQUES, Edgar Henry Quixano, A.M.I.C.E., Stock and Share 
Broker. 

Cambridge Road. Southport ; 5, Tithebarn Street, Liverpool. Born : 
June 19th, 1870, at Kersal, near Manchester ; son of Arthur Quixano 
Henriques, of Kersal, and Isabella Quixano Henriques, 16, Oxford Square, 
London, W. Educated : Chfton College ; A.M.I.C.E. Married : June, 1899, 
at Ormskirk, to Ethel, daughter of the late Henry Armstrong, of Prestwich, 
Lanes. Occupation : Stock and Share Broker. Travelled : Germany, France. 
Switzerland, Italy, Austria, Galicia, Roumania. Recreations : Yachting, golf, 
shooting. Clubs : Constitutional, S.W. ; Conservative, Liverpool. Xotes : 
Family came to England in 1654 from Spain. Takes keen interest in politics ; 
Hon, Secretary of Southport Division Conservative Association. 

HENSTOCK, Rev. Arthur John, M.A. 

St. Jude's, Liverpool ; 13A, Mount Vernon Road, Liverpool ; son of 
the late Henry Arthur Henstock. Educated : Grammar School, Macclesfield ; 
Selwyn College, Cambridge ; Bishop Jacob Hostel, Newcastle-on-Tyne ; M.A. 
Married: December 13th, 1915, to Olive Chubb, daughter of the late T. T. 
Chubb, of Whitchurch, Salop. Profession : Clergyman. Recreations : Music, 
cycling, football, gardening. 

HERDMAN, Professor William Abbott, D.Sc, LL.D., F.R.S., General 
Secretary of British Association. 

Croxteth Lodge, Ullet Road, Liverpool ; Rowany, Port Erin, Isle of 
Man. Born : 1858 ; son of Robert Herdman, R.S.A., of Edinburgh. Edu- 
cated : Edinburgh Academy ; University of Edinburgh. Married : 
(r) 1883, to Sarah W. Douglas, daughter of David Douglas. Publisher, of 
Edinburgh, and has issue two daughters : Beatrice (wife of Dr. H. E. Roaf). 
Winifred Flora. (2) 1893, to Jane B. Holt, daughter of Alfred Holt, Shipowner, 



198 LANCASHIRE 



of Liverpool, and has issue one son and one daughter : the late George 
Andrew, 2nd Lieut., i8th King's (Liverpool) Regt., killed in action at the 
battle of the Somme on July ist, 1916 ; Emma Catherine. Profession : 
Professor of Natural History, University of Liverpool, from 1881. Appoint- 
ments : President of the Linneean Society, 1904-1908 ; General Secretary of 
British Association. Publications : Many memoirs and papers on Zoology, 
Marine Biology, Sea-Fisheries, and Archaeology. Clubs : University and 
Athenaeum, Liverpool ; Royal Mersey Yacht. 

HERFORD, Professor Charles Harold, Litt.D. (Cantab.), B.A. (Lond.). 

5, Parkfield Road, Didsbury. Born : February i8th, 1853, at Man- 
chester ; eldest son of Charles James Herford, Merchant, and Mary, daughter 
of the Rev. John Robberds, Minister of Cross Street Chapel, Manchester. 
Educated : Castle Howell School, Lancaster ; Owens College ; Trinity College, 
Cambridge ; Litt. D. of Cambridge ; Hon. Litt, D. of Manchester ; B.A. of 
London. Married : 1888, to Marie, daughter of Hermann Betge, of Bremen, 
and has issue one son and one daughter : Mary Antonie Beatrice, and Siegfried 
Wedgwood. Recreations : Cycle-touring, water-colour sketching. Career : 
Professor of English in University of Manchester since 1901 ; from 1887-1901, 
Professor at the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth ; Author of " Studies 
n the Literary Relations of England and Germany," 1886 ; " The Age of 
vVordsworth," 1896; " Browning," 1905 ; " Shakespeare," 1912 ; "Goethe," 
1913. A translation in verse of Ibsen's " Brand," 1894 ; editor of the " Eversley 
Shakesepare," 1900, of " Germany in the Nineteenth Century," 1913, etc. ; 
articles and reviews in Quarterly Review, Nation, Manchester Guardian, etc. 
Son Siegfried was killed in action, January, igi6. 

HERRON, James Rowan, Solicitor, M.A., LL.M. 

The Briars, Freshfield, Lanes. Office : 8, Sweeting Street, Liverpool. 
Born : January 12th, 1870, at Birkenhead ; son of William Herron, late of 
Zigzag Hall, Cheshire. Educated : Giggleswick School ; Christ College, Cam- 
bridge ; M.A., LL.M. ; First Class Law Tripos; late Scholar, Exhibitioner and 
Prizeman of Christ College, Cambridge. Married : To Nora, daughter of Ellis 
Edwards, late of Beach Lawn, Waterloo, Lanes, and has issue two sons. 
Profession : Solicitor ; admitted, August, 1896 ; partner in the firm of Rigley 
and Herron, of Liverpool. (London Agents : Johnson, Weatherall and 
Start.) Recreations : Golf and fishing. 

HEWART, Gordon, K.C., M.P., Solicitor-General. 

26, Kensington Park Gardens, London, W. ; and 2, Harcourt Buildings, 
Temple, London, E.C. Born : 1870, at Bury, Lancashire ; eldest son of 
G. and Annie Elizabeth Hewart. Educated : Scholar of University Colle e, 
Oxford, 1887 ; B.A., 1891 ; M.A., 1893. Profession : Barrister-at-Law (of 
the Inner Temple and the Northern Circuit); called to the Bar, 1902 ; K.C., 
1912 ; elected M.P. for Leicester, 1913 ; unsuccessfully contested North-West 
Manchester, 1912 ; 1916, appointed Solicitor-General. Clubs : Reform, 
National Liberal. 

HEWITT, William, B.Sc. (Lond.), Assoc. R.S.M., Director of 
Technical Education. 

16, Clarence Road, Devonshire Park, Birkenhead. Born : 1851, at 
Wolvey, Warwickshire ; eldest son of Joshua Hewitt. Educated : Royal 
School of Mines, London. Occupation : Director of Technical Education 
under City Council, 1892 ; Science Demonstrator, under Liverpool School 
Board, 1877-1892. Publications : Educational Text Books ; " Jubilee History 
of Liverpool Geological Society." 



BIOGRAPHIES 199 



HEWITT-DEAN, Henry, J.P., F.R.G.S., Merchant and Cotton 

Manufacturer, Alderman, Landowner. 

Kirkrise, Foulridge, near Colne. Born : July 24th, 1864, at Colne ; son 
of William and Mally Hewitt, of Colne. Educated : Pannal, Harrogate. 
Married : At Colne, to Isobel, eldest daughter of the late Richard Bracewell, 
of Colne, and has issue four sons and one daughter : William Henry, bom 
March 2nd, 1891 ; Joseph, born March 4th, 1892 ; John, bom March 17th, 
1895 ; Dean, born October 14th, 1900 ; Mally Isobel, born September nth, 
1904. Occupation : Merchant and Cotton Manufacturer. Appointments : 
J. P. for Borough of Colne, and also for County of Lanes. ; Colne Town Council, 
1895 ; Alderman ; Mayor of Colne, 1903-1905 ; F.R.G.S. Travelled : Europe, 
America, and Near East. Recreation : Golf. Clubs : National Liberal. 
Notes : Landowner in West Riding, Yorkshire. Has two sons, both 2nd Lieuts. 
in 5th East Lanes. Regt. President of Auxiliary Home Hospital, Colne, 
which is in his old home, lent for the purpose by him. Is a Member of the 
Local Tribunal under Lord Derby's Scheme. 

HEYES, Rev. John Frederick, M.A. (Oxon.), F.C.S., F.R.C.S., Vicar 

of St. Barnabas, Bolton. 

8, Chorley Old Road, Bolton. Born : December 19th, 1857, at Liverpool ; 
only son of John Heyes, of Fairfield, Liverpool, and Mary, eldest daughter of 
James Heyes, of Liverpool (both deceased). Educated : Liverpool College ; 
Magdalen College, Oxford ; First Class in Final Honours School of Natural 
Science ; B.A., 1881 ; Demy of Magdalen, 1877-1882 ; M.A., 1884. Vicar 
of St. Bamaljas, Bolton. Appointments : Sometime Assistant Master, 
Winchester College, with Dr. Ridding, and Honours Tutor to Non- 
Collegiate Delegacy, Oxford University ; Examiner for the Civil Service, 
Oxford Local Examinations, and Oxford and Cambridge Board ; Founder of 
the Oxford Branch of National Association for Promoting Technical Associa- 
tion (which has done its work) ; Founder, Chairman of Council, and Hon. 
Secretary of the Bolton Education Society, since 1904 ; Chapter Clerk of the 
Bolton Rural Deanery ; since 1900, Vicar of St. Barnabas', Bolton, a new 
town parish with its church consecrated June loth, 1913. Publications : 
Papers on the " Tetravalency of Oxygen," and " Valency and Validity " 
{Philosophical Magazine, 1888) ; " Geosophy : an Ideal \vith Practical Issues " 
{Liverpool University Magazine), 1887; "The Recognition of Geography"; 
" Aspects of Imperial Federation," and other essays at Oxford, which went 
to promote the establishment of a University Faculty of Geography at Oxford 
in the eighties ; contributor to The Guardian. Travelled : Switzerland, etc. 
Recreations : Walking, Swiss travel, reviewing science books, reading, 
editing " Bolton Deanery Directory," etc. Notes : Suggested the formation of 
Manchester Union of Oxford Graduates, 1912 ; interested in all constructive 
efforts to promote better social ideals based upon the Christian Hope of Im- 
mortahty in Christ ; interested in the promotion of the study of geography 
in connection with the missionary expansion of the Church and the world-wide 
responsibilities of our Empire. 

HEYWOOD, Abel, J. P., Publisher, Author, Translator. 

487, Bury New Road, Kersal, Manchester. Born : 1840, at Manchester ; 
eldest son of the late Alderman Abel Heywood. Educated : Privately. Occu- 
pation : Partner in Abel Heywood and Son. Appointments : J. P. ; Co- 
opted Member of Educational Committee. Publications : \*arious papers on 
Literature, Science and Sport (Angling) ; translations from Norwegian, 
etc. 



200 LANCASHIRE 



HEYWOOD, Rev. Bernard Oliver Francis, M.A., Vicar of Swinton» 
Manchester. 

Swinton Vicarage, Manchester. Born: March ist, 1871, at Swinton, 
Lanes. ; youngest son of the Rev. Canon Henry Robinson Heywood, of Moor- 
field, Swinton, and Ella Sophia, eldest daughter of the Rev. W. Gibson, of 
Fawley, Hants. Educated : Harrow School ; Trinity College, Cambridge ; 
M.A. Married : October 17th, 1895, at Swinton, to Marion Maude, second 
daughter of Capt. P. R. Lempriere, R.A., late of the Bank of England. Man- 
chester, and Ella Lempriere, daughter of William Vizard, of Ewell, and has 
issue five sons and two daughters ; Maude, born January 27th, 1897 ; 
Ella Marion, bom October 25th, 1898 ; Michael Henry, born August 3rd, 
1900 ; Oliver Martin, born June 14th, 1904 ; Charles Bernard Mark, born Feb. 
17th, 1906 ; Francis Melville, born October ist, 1908 ; Percival Meredith, 
born March 26th, 1912. Profession : Vicar of Swinton Manchester. 

HIBBERT, Sir Henry Fleming, Knight (cr. 1903), M.P., J.P., D.L., 
LL.D. 

Dalegarth, Chorley ; Southport Road, Chorley. Born : April 4th, 1850, 
at Chorley ; only son of Isaac and Martha Hibbert, of Chorley and Ashton- 
under-Lyne. Educated : Hutton and Chorley Grammar Schools ; LL.D. 
(Victoria). Married : To Marion Theresa, fourth daughter of Ernest Reuss, 
of Victoria Park, Manchester, and has issue one son and three daughters : 
Muriel, born 1884 ; Constance, born 1886 ; Cyril Gordon (killed in action), born 
1888 ; Beatrice, born 1891. Occupation : Merchant and Importer ; Director 
of Canada Life Assurance Co. (London and Manchester Board) ; Imperial 
Cafe Co., Ltd., Manchester. Appointments : M.P. for Chorley ; J. P., D.L., 
and C.A. for Lanes. ; Chairman of Lanes. County Council Educational Com- 
mittee ; Chairman of Education Committee of County Councils Associa- 
tion ; Vice-Chairman of Lanes. County Council ; late Member, Consultative 
Committee of Board of Education. Travelled : France, Germany, Belgium, 
Switzerland, Italy. Recreation : Gardening. Clubs : Constitutional, Lon- 
don ; Conservative, Chorley. Notes : Special Constable, Metropolitan Police, 
Buckingham Palace Section ; Chairman of Advisory Committee to Recruiting 
Office, Chorley Parliamentary Division. His only son was killed at Festubert 
on June i6th, 1915. 

HIBBERT, Percy John, High Sheriff, D.L., J.P., M.A. (Cantab.), 
Barrister-at-Law, Landowner. 

Hampsfield Grange, Grange-over-Sands. Born : June 27th, 1850, at 
Bowdon, son of Rt. Hon. Sir John Tomlinson Hibbert, K.C.B., P.C, of Hamps- 
field, Grange-over-Sands, and Eliza, daughter of Andrew Schofield. Edu- 
cated : Shrewsbury School ; St, John's College, Cambridge, M.A. ; Married : 
November, 1878, at Sandbach, to E. A. Diana, younger daughter of the late 
J. St. J. Yates, of Wellbank, Co. Chester, and has issue three sons and one 
daughter : Geoffrey St. J., Oswald Yates, John Percy MaghuU, and Diana, 
Profession : Bai rister-at-Law (Inner Temple). Appointments : D.L. ; High 
Sheriff of Lanes., 1916-1917 ; J. P. for Lanes., 1885 ; late District Auditor, 
L.G.B., from 1882-1910 ; County and Rural District Councillor, Lanes. 
Recreations : Rowing, shooting, fishing, rock-gardening. Clubs : Lancaster, 
Ulverston ; Kendal ; Oxford and Cambridge, Pall Mall, S.W. Notes : 
Member of Agricultural War Committee, Lanes. ; Lanes. Committee for 
promoting the employment of women in agriculture during the war ; Local 
Tribunal, Ulverston Rural District ; on the Central Board of Finance of the 
Church of England ; the Cumberland and Westmorland Territorial Force 



BIOGRAPHIES 201 



Associations. Rowed for Cambridge University, 1874-1875 ; Grand Challenge, 
Henley, 1874 ; University Pairs, 1873. Major ( retired;, T.D. 5th Border 
Regt., Territorial Force Division. Landowner in Cartmel and South Lanes. 
Has sons : Geoffrey St. John Hibbert, who is Local Government District 
Auditor; Capt. Oswald Yates Hibbert, D.S.O., Brigade Major, Royal West 
Kent Regt., a Kut-el-Amara prisoner of war in the hands of the Turks ; 
Major John P. M. Hibbert, 2nd Essex Battery, 3rd East Anglian Brigade, 
now in Egypt. His daughter, Diana, married Thomas Symonds Tomlinson, 
Assistant Judge, Zanzibar. 

HICK, Pantland, M.D. (Lond.), M.B., Ch.B. (Liv.). 

21, Rodney Street, Liverpool. Born : August 15th, i88r, at New Ferry, 
Cheshire ; son of George H. Hick, of 11, Catherine Street, Liverpool, and 
Helen, daughter of John Carter Ramsden, of Bradford, Yorkshire. Edu- 
cated : Liverpool College ; Liverpool University. Appointments : Hon. 
Assistant Physician, Liverpool Royal Infirmary ; Hon. Medical Officer, Liver- 
pool Preventive Home. Travelled : Brazil, West Indies, United States. 
Clubs : Athenaeum and University. 

HICKINBOTHAM, Henry Charles, Science and Mathematical 
Master, Wigan Grammar School. 

28, Chorley Road, Wigan ; The Grammar School, Wigan. Pro- 
fession : Science and Mathematical Master, Wigan Grammar School. Recrea- 
tion : Chess. Club : Old Edwardians, New Street, Birmingham. Career : 
Associate of the Royal College of Science, London ; Science and Mathematical 
Master at the Wigan Grammar School. 

HICKLING. Rev. Henry, M.A. (Cantab.), Rector of St. Andrew's, 
Levenshulme. 

St. Andrew's Rectory, Levenshulme, Manchester. Born : December 
26th, 1857 '> oJ^ly son of the late Alfred and Mary Hickling, of Coventry, 
Warwickshire. Educated: St. John's College, Cambridge; B.A., 1891; 
M.A., 1895. Appointments : Rector of St. Andrew's, Levenshulme, since 
1899 ; formerly Curate of St. Peter's, Levenshulme ; ordained Deacon, 1891 ; 
Priest, 1892. 

HICKSON, Professor Sydney John. 

Ellesmere House, Withington, Manchester. 'Phone : 478 Rusholme. 
Born : June 25th, 1859, at Highgate ; son of George Hickson and Ellen Celia 
Hickson (nee Waterlow). Educated : Mansion Grammar School, Leatherhead ; 
University College School, London ; St. Bartholomew's Hospital ; Downing 
College, Cambridge ; M.A. (Cantab.) ; Hon. M.A. (Oxon.) ; D.Sc, (London) ; 
F.Z.S., F.R.S. ; Hon. Fellow, Downing College, Cambridge ; Hon. Member, 
K. Inst., Taal-Land en Volken Kunde Nederl. Indie ; Hon. Dr. Bot. Zool. 
(Groningen). Married : 1896, to Anne Maud Fletcher, daughter of William 
Fletcher, Brigham Hill, Cockermouth, and of CaroUne Fletcher (nee Ashby), 
and has issue one son and one daughter : Sylvia Kema, born December 18th, 
1898 ; Geoffrey Fletcher, born July 4th, 1900. Profession : Beyer Professor 
of Zoology in the University of Manchester. Publications : "A Naturalist 
in N. Celebes " (Murray) ; " Fauna of the Deep Sea " (Kegan Paul) ; " Story 
of Life in the Seas " (Newnes) ; and many contributions to scientific 
journals. Recreations : Cricket and billiards. Club : Brasenose, Man- 
chester. 



202 LANCASHIRE 



HIGGINS, Major George Frederick, Secretary of Liverpool Cotton 
Association. 

Sunnyside, Egerton Park, Rock Ferry, Cheshire ; i6, Cotton Exchange 
Buildings, Liverpool. Born : January 29th, 1880, at Rock Ferry, Cheshire ; 
eldest son of Frederick Crowther Higgins, Cotton Broker, of Egerton Park, 
Rock Ferry, Cheshire, and Charlotte, second daughter of the late George 
Cunliffe, of Rock Ferry and Liverpool. Educated : King Edward's School, 
Warwick. Appointments : Member of School Cadet Corps. Served in ranks 
of old 2nd V.B.K.L.R. ; was with Sea Insurance Company for eight years until 
1904, when he was appointed Assistant-Secretary to Liverpool Cotton Associa- 
tion, and in 1909 succeeded Mr. Peter Brown as Secretary. On the forma- 
tion of Lord Derby's " Comrades" Battalion, obtained permission from the 
Directors to join the ist Battalion, now called 17th Service Battahon, The 
King's (Liverpool) Regt. On September ist, 1914, was gazetted Capt., and 
appointed Officer Commanding No. i Company of the Battalion (the com- 
pany, about three hundred strong, being largely composed of men from the 
Cotton Market) ; gazetted Major from August 4th, 1915, and now out at the 
front in France. Recreations : Rowing, golf, music. Clubs : Royal Liverpool 
Golf; Old Hall. Notes : Capt., Mersey Rowing Club, 1911-1913 ; Secretary, 
Rock Ferry Musical Society, 1904-1908. (Major Higgins was killed m action 
in France, July loth, 1916.) 

HIGHAM, John Sharp, M.P., J.P., Head of Cotton Spinning Firm. 

Lancaster Road, Birkdale, Southport. Born : 1857, ^t Sabden, Lanes. ; 
eldest son of the late Eh Higham, of Accrington. Married : To Polly, daughter 
of Sir William P. Hartley, of Southport. Occupation : Head of the firm of 
Highams, Ltd., Cotton Spinners, Accrington, Rochdale, and Manchester. 
Appointments : J. P. for Accrington ; Mayor, 1898-1899, 1899-1900 ; M.P. (L.), 
West Riding, Yorkshire (Sowerby Division), from 1904. Club : National Liberal. 

HIGHAM, Alderman Thomas Edward, J.P., C.C. 

Bank House, Accrington, 'Phone : 2458 Higham, Accrington. Born : 
1866, at Todmorden ; son of Eli and Selina Higham. Educated : Private 
School. Married : 1893, to Lizzie Ashworth, daughter of Abraham Ashworth, 
and has issue three children. Occupation : Cotton Spinner and Manufacturer. 
Appointments : J. P., 1909, and C.C, Lanes. ; Alderman for Accrington. 
Recreations : Music, shooting, fishing, golf. Notes : Co-opted Member, East 
Lanes. Association Territorial Force ; on Munition Committee, East Lanes. 

HIGSON, James, J.P., Hon. Treasurer Old Mancunians. 

Cleveland House, Eccles Old Road, Pendleton, Manchester ('Phone : 
149 Eccles). Offices : 4, 6, and 8, Liverpool Street, Salford ('Phone : Central 
3377). Born : 1861, at Salford ; son of Richard and Ann Higson, of Salford. 
Educated : Broughton College ; Manchester Grammar School. Married : 
February 14th, 1887, to Annie, daughter of John and Elizabeth Watkinson, 
of Shrewsbury, and has issue one daughter : Hilda Alice, Appointments : 
President, National Association of Master House Painters and Decorators of 
England and Wales ; Hon. Treasurer, Old Mancunians Association ; J. P. ; 
Member of Salford Borough Council (C), Crescent Ward ; Representative 
Governor of Manchester Grammar School. Publication : " History of the Salford 
Football Club." Recreations : Photography ; early years, Rugby football. 
Club : Manchester Constitutional. Masonic Lodge : P.P.G.S. Deacon of 
East Lanes. ; P.M. of St. John's, Salford, 325 ; P.M. of Royal Salford, 2988 ; 
P.M. of Old Mancunians, 3140 ; Member of Fortitude, 64, and E.L. Prov, G. 
Officers' Lodge, 3747. Notes : Member of Salford Battalions Committee ; 
member of Salford Tribunal. 



BIOGRAPHIES 203 



HIGSON, Thomas Atkinson, M.A. (Oxon), Solicitor, CO., Director 
of Limited Companies. 

Buckstone House, Carnforth ; Lawrence Buildings, 2, Mount Street, 
Manchester. (London Agents : Messrs. Rutter, Veitch and Bond.) Born : Novem- 
ber 19th, 1873, at Howard House, Stockport, Cheshire ; son of Jacob Higson, 
of Rossland, Northwood, Middlesex, Mining and Civil Engineer, and grandson 
of Peter Higson, Government Inspector of Mines, and Ehza Ahce Higson, 
daughter of Robert Smith, of Howard House, Stockport (now deceased). 
Educated : Rossall ; New College, Oxford ; M.A. (Modern History). Martial : 
April 30th, 1903, at Taxal Church, Whaley Bridge, to Laura Frances, second 
daughter of the late Herbert B. Bowen, of Ollerenshaw Hall, Whalley Bridge, 
Derbyshire, and Laura Agnes Bowen (nee Brice), daughter of Edward Brice, 
of Rysby, Lincolnshire, and has issue two sons and three daughters : Dorothy 
Alice Lora, born February 5th, 1904 ; Peter, born December ist, 1905 ; Frances 
Violet, born February 4th, 1908 ; Thomas Atkinson, born March 25th, 191 1 ; 
Margaret Sybil, born March ist, 1914. Profession : Admitted Solicitor, 
April, 1899 ' Commissioner for Oaths ; Director of the Hoyland Silkstone 
Coal and Coke Co., Ltd., and Riverside Dying and Finishing Co., Ltd. 
Travelled : North of Spain. Recreaiion : Cricket. Clubs : Marylebone C.C, 
Lords, London ; Clarendon, Manchester. Notes : A member of the Lanes. 
County Cricket Club Committee, since 1900 ; played cricket for Lanes., 
Derbyshire, and Cheshire ; Hon. Secretary, Old Rossallian's C.C, 1896-1914. 

HILL, Charles Alexander, M.A., M.B., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., 
Consulting Physician on Tuberculosis. 

St. Domingo, Hoylake ; 13, Rodney Street, Liverpool. Born : December 
5th, 1867, at Liverpool ; son of Ely and Mary Hill, of " The HoUies," Croxteth 
Road, Liverpool. Educated : Rugby ; Trinity College, Cambridge ; St. 
George's Hospital, London ; M.A. ; M.B. ; B.C. ; D.P.H. ; M.R.C.S. ; 
L.R.C.P. Married : December 5th, 1907, at Llanfor, Merioneth, to Ethel 
Constance, daughter of Richard and Emily Charlwood Barker, and has issue 
one son and three daughters : Charles Guyse, born igo8 (died 1909, aged 
five months) ; Vera Guyse, born 1910 ; Sonia Charlwood, born 1912 ; Patricia 
Parlane, born 1913. Profession : Consulting Physician on Tuberculosis. 
Publications : Numerous articles in professional and scientific journals. 
Travelled : Canada, North America, Norway, France, Germany, Austria, 
Italy, Spain, Switzerland. Recreations : Mountaineering, cave-exploring, 
geology. Club : Conservative, Liverpool. 

HILL, Rev. Charles Frederick, United Methodist Minister. 

28, Nonvood Grove, Liverpool. Born : November 30th, 1868, at Halifax ; 
son of John William and Emma Hill. Educated : Private study ; Ranmoor 
College. Married : June i8th, 1895, to Clara, daughter of Fred and Emma 
Haworth, and has issue two sons : Clifford Vincent and Stuart Seymour. 
Profession : United Methodist Minister, 1891 ; St. Domingo Church, Everton, 
Liverpool, 1912. Recreation : Chess. 

HILL, Edward Falkner, Anaesthetist. 

336, Oxford Road, Manchester. Born : June 4th, 1877, ^^ Wellington, 
Somerset ; son of Edward and Harriet Hill. Educated : Sidcot School ; 
Owens College. Married : May 26th, 1903, to Agnes Thompson, of 53. Crox- 
teth Road, Liverpool. Profession : Anaesthetist. Travelled : British Isles, 
France, Switzerland, Portugal, Belgium, Norway. Recreations : Cricket, 
golf, motoring. Club : Agenda. 



204 LANCASHIRE 



HILL, Rev. John Charles, M.A. (Cantab.) t Rector of Bury, Rural 

Dean. 

The Rectory, Bury, Lanes. Born : May 22nd, 1862, at Cauldon Place, 
near Stoke-on-Trent ; son of John Sheriff Hill, J.P., of Hawk's Wick, St. 
Albans, and Julia, daughter of Charles Skipper, J. P., D.L., of Blake Hall, 
Essex, and 28, Russell Square, London. Educated : Harrow ; Trinity College, 
Cambridge ; Second Class Classical Tripos ; M.A. Married : September 
6th, 1893, at St. Mary Abbot's, Kensington, to Rosamond, daughter of Weston 
Parry, of 22, St. Mary Abbot's Terrace, Kensington, S.W., and Katharine 
Jean, daughter of the Rev. Stephen Butler, of Hambledon, Hants, and has 
issue one son and one daughter : Charles Edward Cecil, born July 22nd, 
1894 (educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge) ; Katherine, 
born August 3rd, 1900. Appointments : Ordained to Curacy of Harrow 
School Mission, 1887 ; Rector of Halesowen, 1893-1909 ; Rural Dean of 
Dudley, 1902 ; Hon. Canon of Worcester, 1907 ; officiating clergyman to 
the Troops, Bury, and Chaplain to the 5th Batt., Lanes. Fusiliers (T.) ; 
Chairman of Governors, Bury Grammar School ; Member, RossaU School 
Council ; Rector of Bury, 1909 ; Rural Dean, 1912. Travelled : Australia, 
New Zealand, North Africa, Switzerland, Italy, etc. Club : Oxford and 
Cambridge. Note : Is descended from a Scottish family belonging to Forfar- 
shire. Son, Charles Edward Cecil, held a commission in the ist Highland 
Light Infantry, and served in France and Mesopotamia, where he was killed. 

HILL, Sir Norman, Kt. (1911), Solicitor, Secretary and Treasurer to 
Liverpool Steamship Owners' Association. 

Leighton House, Neston, Cheshire ; Green Place, Stockbridge. Hants. 
Office : Messrs. Hill, Dickinson and Co., Solicitors, 10, Water Street, Liverpool. 
Born : 1863, at Bruce Castle, Tottenham ; second son of George Birkbeck 
Hill, D.C.L. Married : 1889, to Elen Mary Stratford, elder daughter of John 
Towne Danson, Barrister-at-Law, Grasmere, Westmorland, and has issue 
one son and three daughters. Profession : Solicitor ; Partner in the firm of 
Hill, Dickinson and Co. Appointments : Secretary and Treasurer to Liver- 
pool Steamship Owners' Association ; Manager and Secretary, Liverpool and 
London Steamship Protection Association, Ltd. ; Manager and Secretary, 
Liverpool and London War Risks Insurance Association, Ltd. ; Member of 
Board of Trade, Advisory Committee, on Merchant Shipping. 

HILL, Rowland. 

Art Gallery, Blackpool. Appointments : Chief Librarian and Curator 
F.R.Hist.Soc. ^Recreations : Golf, chess. Masonic Lodge : Union, 310. 

HILTON, John Cooke, J.P., ex-Sheriff, Railway Director. 

Oak Bank, Fallowfield, Manchester ; Glynhiriaeth, Llanfair, Welshpool. 
Born: 1842, at Manchester; only son of Edwin and Sarah Hilton, of Oak 
Bank, Manchester, and Glynhiriaeth, Mon. Married : 1869, to Mary, daughter 
of James Kennedy, of Sundaywell, Dumfriesshire, and has issue one son : 
Edwin Kennedy Hilton. Occupation : Director, Welshpool and Llanfair 
Railway. Appointments : J. P. for Montgomeryshire ; Sheriff, 1893. Club : 
Clarendon, Manchester. 

HILTON, Rev. Samuel, M.A., Vicar of St. Aidan, Liverpool. 

St. Aidan's Vicarage, 123, Great Mersey Street, Liverpool. Born : June 
loth, 1880, at Manchester. Educated : Corpus Christi College, Cambridge ; 
B.A., 1901 ; M.A., 1904; Ridley Hall, Cambridge. Married: 1910, to 



BIOGRAPHIES 205 



Marion Hickling, daughter of the Rev. H. Hickhng, Rector of St. Andrew's, 
Levenshulme. Profession : Vicar of St. Aidan, Liverpool. Appointment : 
Hon. Diocesan (Liverpool) Secretary, C.M.S. Gleaners' Union. 

HINCHLIFFE, Councillor Isaac, Printer and Publisher. 

52, Park Road, Stretford, Manchester. Married : Twice, and has five chil- 
dren living. Occupation: Printer and Publisher. Appointment: Manchester 
City Council (C), St. John's Ward, elected November, 1910. Publication: 
" Port of Manchester Official Sailing List and Shipping Guide." Recreations : 
Golf and walking tours. Masonic Lodges: 2962, Sale, Cheshire; 3248, Ionic, 
Salford (E.L.) ; 3715, Davyhulme (W.L.). 

HINDLE, Frederick George, M.P., Solicitor, Clerk to Darwen 
Borough Justices, Landowner. 

Thorncliffe, Darwen, Lanes. Office : Darwen. Born : January 15th, 
1848, at Darwen, Lanes. ; eldest son of John Hindle, of Darwen, Lanes., and 
of Alice, eldest daughter of Joseph Chadwick, of Darwen. Educated : Black- 
burn Grammar School ; Senior Prizeman, Incorporated Law Society for 
England and Wales, 1870. Married : November ist, 1876, to Helen, daughter 
of Thomas Gillibrand, of Hollins Grove House, Darwen, Cotton Manufacturer, 
and has issue one son : Frederick, born July 28th, 1877. Profession : 
Solicitor ; Clerk to the Darwen Borough Magistrates. Appointment : M.P. 
for Darwen Division of Lanes., 1910. Travelled : America, Egypt, and the 
East, etc. Recreations : Motoring and golf. Club : National Liberal. Note : 
Owner of the Astley Bank Estate, Darwen. 

HINDLE, Alderman Ralph, J.P., Landowner. 

Hollycroft, Stump Lane, Chorley. Born : May 24th, 1846, at Bamber 
Bridge ; son of John and Alice Hindle. Educated : Chorley Grammar School. 
Married : June, 1874, to Betsy, third daughter of William and Jane Allamson, 
of 53, North Road, Preston, and has issue one son and one daughter : Ralph, 
born February, 1882 ; Alice, born April, 1875. Occupation : Tanner. 
Appointments : J. P. ; Mayor ; Alderman, 1898. Travelled : Belgium and 
Holland. Note : Owns land at Harper's Lane and Stump Lane, Chorley. 

HINDLE, Robert, J, P., President, Clitheroe Division Liberal 
Association. 

Whins Cottage, Sabden, near Blackburn. Born : March 24th, 1859, ^t 
Whins Cottage, Sabden ; son of Robert and Alice Hindle, of Whins Cottage, 
Sabden, near Blackburn. Educated : Bickerton House, Birkdale, Southport. 
Appointments : J. P., Clitheroe Borough, 1893, Lanes. Count3^ 1896 ; for- 
merly member of the Clitheroe Rural District Council and Board of 
Guardians ; formerly Chairman, Pendleton (Sabden) School Board ; Presi- 
dent of Clitheroe Division Liberal Association, 1913. Travelled: Italy and 
other parts of the Continent. Recreations : Fishing, gardening, reading ; 
formerly cricket. Notes : Member of the Clitheroe Division Joint Parlia- 
mentary Recruiting Committee ; Member of the Sub- Advisory Committee for 
the Burnley Rural District. 

HISLOP, Cuthbert Hall, LL.B., Solicitor. 

" Ingleside," Prestwich, Lanes. Offices : 26, Brazennose Street, Man- 
chester. (London Agents : Messrs. Crow^ders, Vizard and Co.) Born : 
April 23rd, 1884, at Crumpsall, Manchester ; elder son of James Hislop, of 
" Ingleside," Prestwich Park, Prestwich, Lanes., and Alice Ann, eldest 
daughter of John Hall, of Bury, Lanes. Educated : Collegiate School, St. 



2o6 LANCASHIRE 



Annes-on-Sea ; Manchester Grammar School ; LL.B., London University 
(First Class Honoursman). Profession: Solicitor. Author: Has written 
for various magazines and periodicals, particularly on walking tours in France 
and Belgium, and yachting and life on the Norfolk Broads. Travelled : 
France, Belgium, Holland, Germany, Switzerland, Norway. Recreations : 
Walking, yachting, rowing, golf. Club : Athenaeum, Manchester. 

HISLOP, Councillor James, Solicitor. 

" Ingleside," Prestwich Park, Prestwich, Lanes. Office : 26. Brazennose 
Street, Manchester ('Phone: 3235 Central). Born : November, 9th, 1852, at 
Manchester. Descendant of Lieut.-General Sir Thos. Hislop, K.C.B. Edu- 
cated : Matriculated at Victoria University. Married : June 13th, 1883, 
and has issue two sons and one daughter : Cuthbert Hall Hislop, LL.B. 
(London) ; J. Arthur Hislop, B.A. (Oxon) ; Madeleine H. Hislop, educated at 
Cheltenham. Profession : Solicitor. Appointment : Manchester City Council 
(C), St. James' Ward ; President for thirteen years of Manchester Sidesman 
Club. Club : Constitutional, Manchester. Masonic Lodge : Past Pro- 
vincial Grand Registrar of East Lanes. 

HOARE, Edward Fitzwilliam, M.D., Ch.B., L.S.A. 

37, Derby Lane, Liverpool, E. Born : 1877, at Brighton ; son of the Rev. 
E. N. Hoare, M.A., Vicar of All Saints, Stoneycroft, Liverpool, and Frances 
R., daughter' of the Rev. T, E. Miller, Vicar of Belfast. Educated : Merchant 
Taylors' School, Great Crosby ; University, Liverpool ; Rotunda Hospital, 
Dublin. Married : 1904, at Egloshayle, Cornwall, to Amy, daughter of Wm. 
Deakin, Stretford, and has issue one son : Edward Ashley, born March 21st, 1910. 
Appointments: Medical Officer, Post Office, Liverpool; Medical Officer, 
St. Edward's Orphanage, Broad Green ; Medical Officer, Wm. Crawford and 
Sons' Biscuit Factory ; Member of Medical Board for Recruiting. Travelled : 
Egypt, Australia, South Africa. Recreations : Yachting, motoring, skating. 
Clubs : University, Liverpool ; Royal Mersey Yacht ; Royal Automobile, 
London. Notes : His father was the Rev. E. N. Hoare, M.A., Gold Medallist 
(Ethics), Trinity College, Dublin ; President, Lit. and Phil. Society, Liverpool ; 
and his grandfather, the Very Rev. E. N. Hoare, M.A., Dean of Waterford, 
Ireland. 

HOBDEY, Rev. William Henry, Assistant Priest. 

39, Green Gate, Salford, Manchester ; St. Anne's Vestry, Manchester. 
Born : 1888, at Manchester ; only son of William Thomas Hobdey (deceased), 
and Martha Ellen Hobdey. Educated : Privately, and at Hatfield Hall, 
Durham ; B.A., 191 1. Profession : Assistant Priest of St. Anne's Church, 
St. Anne's Square, Manchester. Recreations : Cycling, swimming, fives. 
Club : Old Rectory, Manchester. 

HODGE, Albert, M.R.C.S. (Eng.), L.R.C.P. (Lond.). 

Ashfield, Farnworth, near Bolton. Born : February 25th, 1871, at 
Southport, Lanes. ; fourth son of the late Henry Hodge, of Thornfield, South- 
port, and late Mary Wright, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George Wright. 
Educated : Victoria University, Manchester. Married : June 3rd, 1903. at 
Gloucester, to Hilda Mary, daughter of Frederick Sessions, F.R.G.S., of Rosen- 
berg, Kendal, and has issue two sons : Ralph, born September 28th, 1904 ; 
Gerard, born December i6th, 1907. Travelled: Round the world, 1898. 
Recreation : Golf. 



BIOGRAPHIES 207 



HODGINS, Rev. Joseph Rogerson Edmond Cotter, M.A., Vicar of 
St. James's, Birkdale. 

St. James's Vicarage, Birkdale, Southport. Born : At Midleton. Co. 
Cork ; son of the Rev. E. P. Hodgins, D.D., V^icar of St. Stephen's, Edge Hill, 
Liverpool (died February 27th, 1896) , and Margaret Ann, daughter of the Rev. 
Prebendary Joseph Rogerson Cotter, M.A., grandson of Sir James Cotter, first 
Baronet, M.P. The first and second Baronets sat in the Irish Parliament, 
and the third Baronet was M.P. for Mallow in the Imperial Parliament. The 
first Baronet (c. 1763) was the grandson of Sir James Cotter, Kt., of Ann- 
grove (Colonel of Dragoons and Commander-in-Chief of King James's forces 
in Ireland) who married, in 1688, the Hon. Eleonora Plunkett, eldest daughter 
of the seventh Lord Louth. Educated: Liverpool College ; Emmanuel College, 
Cambridge (Foundation Scholar, Thorpe Scholar, Hubbard Exhibitioner 
and Prizeman) ; B.A. (Twenty-Sixth Wrangler), 1873 ; M.A., 1876. Married : 
September i6th, 1880, at Dublin, to Theresa Georgina Adelaide, daughter of 
Robert Conway Hickson, J. P. (High Sheriff, 1855), of Fermoyle, Co. Kerry, 
and Jane, daughter of Capt. Paterson O'Hara, 59th Regt., and has issue one 
son and three daughters: Edmond Cotter, born March 9th, 1891 ; Sydney 
Margaret O'Hara (married, October 26th, 1911, to Capt. H. M. WTiittell, 
56th Rifles F.F., Indian Army) ; Vera Mary Theresa ; Mildred Josephine. 
Profession : Vicar of St. James's, Birkdale. Ordained Deacon, 1874 ; Priest, 
1875 (by Bishop of Chester) ; Curate of St. Jude's, West Derby, 1874-1875 ; 
Curate of St. Luke's, Liverpool, 1875-1881 ; Vicar of St. Cyprian, Edge Hill, 
Liverpool, 1881-1905 ; Hon. Canon, Liverpool, 1896 ; Proctor in York Con- 
vocation for Archdeaconry, Liverpool, 1906 ; Rural Dean of North Meols. 
1913. Publications : " The Sunday School in Relation to the Daily Life of 
the Young " ; " While there's Life there's Hope " ; etc. Recreation : Golf. 
Club : Church, Liverpool. Note : His son, Edmond Cotter Hodgins, has 
joined the Army, and is Lieut, in the 2/7th Batt. King's (Liverpool) Regt. 
His eldest daughter's husband, Capt. Hubert Massy WhitteU (Indian Army), 
has been at the front since the war began. 

HODGKINSON, Frederick, Cotton Spinner and Manufacturer. 

Higher Feniscowles Hall, Pleasington, near Blackburn. Born : May 8th, 
1866, at Moseley Lodge, Cheadle, Cheshire ; second son of Robert and Harriett 
Hodgkinson. Educated : Tettenhall College, Staffs. ; Owens College, Man- 
chester. Married : 1895, to Agnes Sharpies, daughter of the late J. E. Sharpies, 
J.P., and has issue three daughters : Winifred, Joyce, and Barbara. Recrea- 
tion : Golf. Club : Lancashire Automobile Club. Note : Special Constable, 
County Blackburn Lower Division. Career : Educated at Tettenhall 
College, Staffordshire, and Owens College, Manchester. Entered business of 
Codling and Hodgkinson in 1886, Cotton Spinners and Manufacturers, Mill 
Hill Cotton Works, Blackburn. Director of Imperial Mills (Blackburn), 
Ltd., Hollin Bank Ring Mills, Ltd. ; Blackburn and District Chamber of 
Commerce ; Member of Council of the British Cotton Growing Association ; 
on the Executive Committee of the Cotton Employers' Association. 

HODGSON, Joseph Uttley, J.P., Railway and Insurance Company 
Director. 

Higher Bebington Hall, near Birkenhead. 'Phone : (Private), Rock 
Ferry, No. 109 ; (Commercial) , Liverpool Central, Nos. 245 or 5681. Telegrams : 
Hodgson, Liverpool. Second son of Abraham Hodgson, of Liverpool. 
Educated : Liverpool Institute. Occupation : Partner, Hodgson Bros., 
Liverpool, and A. Hodgson and Sons, New York, from 1873 ; Member of 
Mersey Docks and Harbour Board ; Wallasey Embankment Commissioner ; 
Director, Reliance Marine Insurance Co., and Liverpool Overhead Railway 
Co. Appointment : J. P. for Cheshire, 1904. 



2o8 LANCASHIRE 



HODGSON, Capt. Thomas Reginald, M.A., Public Analyst. 

3, Colville Road, Wallasey ; 34, John Dalton Street, Manchester. Born : 
July 29th, 1883, at Poulton-le-Fylde, Lanes. ; second son of William and 
Isabella Ellen Hodgson. Educated : Rossall School ; Christ's College, Cam- 
bridge ; M.A. (Cantab, and Dublin). Married : May 2nd, 1914, to Margaret 
Ivy, youngest daughter of F. W. Lucas, Gordon Lodge, Bickley, Kent. Occu- 
pation : Public Analyst for the County of Antrim, the County Boroughs of 
Blackpool and Wallasey, and the Municipal Borough of Stedybridge. Publi- 
cations : " The Chemical Analysis of Water, Sewage, Foods and other Sub- 
stances," Cambridge University Health Series. Club : Manchester Chemical. 
Note : Captain, East Lanes. Division, A.S.C. Career : Fellow of the Institute 
of Chemistry ; Fellow of the Chemical Society ; formerly Senior Assistant 
Analyst, County of Derby ; Assistant Analyst and Bacteriologist, City of 
Bristol ; Assistant to the Professor of the Chemistry and Biology of Fermen- 
tation in the University of Birmingham. 

HODSON, Henry Moulton, Land Agent. 

Muar River Estate, Straits Settlements. Born : 1891, at Penarth, Glam. ; 
son of the Rev. James H. Hodson, B.D. Educated : Leys School, Cambridge. 
P.A.S.I. (Penfold Silver Medal and Driver Prize) ; passed F.S.I. Examination. 
Occupation : Land Agent. 

HODSON, John Wignall, LL.B., Solicitor. 

75, Mount Road, Fleetwood. Born : May 6th, 1883, at Newcastle-on- 
Tyne ; son of the Rev. James Henry Hodson, B.D., Retired Wesleyan Methodist 
Minister, and Nanny Hodson, of " Rhyddington," Clifton Drive, Lytham, 
Lanes. Educated : Manchester University, LL.B. ; Solicitors' Final Examina- 
tion, 1907 (Third Class Honours). Profession : Solicitor : practising under 
style of Crosby and Hodson, Solicitors, 33, North Albert Street, Fleetwood, 
Lanes. (London Agents : Wm. Hurd and Son.) Appointment: Joint Hon. 
Secretary, Fleetwood Branch, Royal National Lifeboat Institution. Recreations : 
Golf, cricket, walking. Clubs : Fairhaven Golf and Knott End Golf. 

HOLDEN, Arthur Thomas, Solicitor, Registrar of Bolton County 
Court, and Director of Limited Companies. 

Sharpies Hall, near Bolton ; 20, Mawdsley Street, Bolton. Born : Novem- 
ber i8th, 1852, at Summerfield, near Bolton ; son of Thomas and Betsy Holden, 
of Summerfield, Bolton. Educated : Rugby School. Married : June nth, 
1879, to Ada Maria, second daughter of Wilham Walter Cannon, one time 
Mayor and Freeman of the Borough of Bolton, and has issue three daughters. 
Profession : Solicitor and Registrar of Bolton County Court. Director, West- 
houghton Coal Co., Ltd. ; Bolton Conservative Building Co., Ltd. Travelled : 
Europe and North Africa. Recreation s : Shooting and fishing. Clubs : 
Bolton and Manchester. Note : Has been Chairman of Conservative Party 
in Bolton, and a Member of the House of Laymen, York. (Now deceased.) 

HOLDEN, Neville, F.R.A.S., F.R.Met.S., Coroner and County Court 

Registrar. 

Queen Square, Lancaster. Born : February 8th, 1864, at Lancaster ; 
son of the late Lawrence Holden, of Lancaster, formerly Solicitor and County 
Coroner for over fifty years. Educated : Royal Grammar School, Lancaster ; 
admitted Solicitor in February, 1889. Married : January 9th, 1895, to Louie, 
youngest daughter of the late Thomas Hodgson, of Broughton, Cumberland, 
and has issue one daughter : Norah, born September 28th, 1897. Appoint- 
ments : County Coroner for Lancaster District ; Registrar of Lancaster County 



BIOGRAPHIES 209 



Court ; Hon. Secretary of Lancaster Law Society and Royal Lancaster In- 
firmary ; Elected F.R.A.S. in 1890, and F.R.Met.Soc, in 1908 ; Hon. 
Director of Greg. Observatory under Lancaster Corporation, since 1907 ; 
Partner in the firm of Holden, Whelon and Wilson, Lancaster, (London Agents : 
Golding, Hargrove and Golding, 99, Cannon Street, E.C.) Clubs : County, 
Lancaster ; Authors, London. 

HOLDEN, William Stackhouse, Solicitor, CO. 

25, Green Heys Road, Liverpool, Office : 26, North John Street, Liver- 
pool, W. (London Agents : Sharpe, Pritchard and Co.) Born : April 2nd, 
1852, at Liverpool ; eldest son of the late Richard Holden, of the Breck, 
Anfield, Liverpool, and Jane, eldest daughter of the late William Talbot, of 
Lane House, Preston Patrick, Westmorland. Educated : Liverpool College. 
Married : June ist, 1892, at Christ Church, Beckenham, Kent, to Margaret, 
third daughter of the late Ambrose Patient Carr, of Boyton House, Beckenham, 
and Emma, only surviving daughter of John Patient, of Boyton, Wilts., and 
has issue two sons and one daughter : Guy Patient, born March nth, 1893 ; 
Margaret Talbot, born April 22nd, 1894 ; Trevor, born July 26th, 1903. 
Profession : Solicitor and Commissioner of Oaths. Appointments : Commis- 
sioner for Oaths for several Colonies ; Joint Hon. Treasurer for Liverpool 
College. Travelled : United States, Norway, France. Recreations : Canoeing 
and stamp collecting. Notes : Partner in the firm of Cleaver, Holden and Co., 
Sohcitors. His son, Guy Patient Holden, joined the Royal Naval Volunteer 
Reserve on September 12th, 1914 ; was appointed a Sub-Lieutenant on 
February 9th, 1915, and a Lieut, on January 17th, 1916. On April 17th, 
1915, he married Frances Dorothy Miller, only child of Edward Miller, of 
" Exchunga," Chudleigh, and " Calderwood," Torquay ; during the autumn 
of 1915 he was out at Galhpoli. 

HOLFORD, George William, General Manager, Salford Tramways. 

Fernlea, Northumberland Street, Higher Broughton, Manchester. 'Phone : 
97, Higher Broughton. Born : At Manchester. Educated : Manchester 
Grammar School. Occupation : General Manager, Salford Corporation 
Tramways, from 1905, Appointment : Hon. Sec. of Lanes, and Cheshire 
Municipal Tramway Managers' Association. 

HOLMES, A. Bromley, Consulting Engineer, M.Inst.C.E., M.LE.E. 

2, Princes Gate East, Liverpool. 'Phone : 481, Royal. Born : 1849 
at Derby ; son of Arthur E. Holmes, of Derby. Educated : Repton School. 
Career : With Andrew Handyside and Co., Engineers, Derby, till 1882 ; 
private practice, 1883; Engineer to Liverpool and Birmingham Electric 
Supply Companies; City Electrical Engineer, Liverpool, from 1896; Con- 
sulting Engineer, 1903-1912. Appointments : Member, Institution of Civil 
Engineers, Institution of Electrical Engineers and Faculty of Engineering, 
Liverpool University ; Director of Liverpool District Lighting Co., Ltd. ; 
Member of Liverpool City Council, Sefton Park East Ward, 1914. Clubs : 
Conservative ; West Lanes. Golf. 

HOLMES, Arthur Sandaver, Oil Refiner, Inspector Special Police 
Force. 

Ashfield, Sharpies Park, Bolton ('Phone : No. 1079). Ofi&ce: T. Moscrop 
and Co., Ltd., Folds Road, Bolton ('Phone : No, 116 ; Telegrams : Drysalter, 
Bolton). Born : March 20th, 1881 ; son of Thomas and Eleanor Ann Hohnes. 
Educated: Uppingham and Owens College, Manchester. Married: April 



210 LANCASHIRE 



22nd, 1908, to Ada Elizabeth Kay, daughter of William and Gillis Kay, and 
has issue one son and two daughters : Phyllis Mary, Nancy Stewart, Cyril 
Butler. Occupation : Director, Thomas Moscrop and Co., Ltd., Oil Refiners, 
Bolton. Recreations : At present, tennis, golf, photography, motoring ; 
earlier, Rugby football. Clubs : Bolton Conservative ; Astley Bridge Con- 
servative ; Agenda. Notes : Joined Bolton Special Police Force, 1914 ; 
promoted Sergeant, 1915 ; Inspector, 1916. Bolton Guild of Help : District 
Head, and on Executive Committee. Mayor's Local Representative Com- 
mittee and Local Statutory Committee. 

HOLMES, Charles Jackson, J. P., Insurance Broker. 

Barnacre, Latchford Without, Warrington. Born : 1853 ; only son of 
the late Charles John Holmes, J. P., of Warrington. Married : 1898, to the 
eldest daughter of the late Edward Sutton, of Manchester. Occupation : 
Insurance Broker. Appointments : J. P. for Cheshire, 1912 ; for Warrington, 
1894. 

HOLMES, James, Master of Textile Department, Burnley Technical 
Institute. 

Holme Lea, Colne Road, Burnley. Born : 1861, at Hebden Bridge, 
Yorks. ; son of J. P. Holmes and Jane Stansfield, of Hebden Bridge. Edu- 
cated : In the mill ; Manchester School of Technology ; Burnley Mechanics' 
Institution. Married : At Burnley, to Hannah, daughter of E. N. Lea, of 
Manchester. Appointments : For over twenty years the Master of the Textile 
Department of the Burnley, Nelson, and Accrington Technical Schools ; 
Master, Textile Department of the Burnley Municipal Technical Institute. 
Publications : " Cotton Cloth Designing " ; " Calculations in Cotton Weav- 
ing " ; " The SUde Rule for Textiles " ; " Mechanics' Arithmetic " ; " Physics 
and Drawing for Textile Students " ; " Manuscript Notes on Weaving for 
First, Second, and Third Year Students " ; Correspondent for Textile 
Papers, Paris Exhibition, 1900. Recreations : Natural History pursuits, 
fishing, football. Notes : In 1881, in association with his father and Dr. 
Worrall, founded the Bacup Natural History Society ; in 1884 he joined the 
Burnley Mechanics' Institution and studied Natural Science subjects, 
mechanics, and mathematics ; was the first Secretary of the Burnley Natural 
History Society (instituted in 1888) ; for six years a mill overlooker and 
mill manager ; in 1888, joined the newly formed classes in Cotton Manufacture, 
conducted by Mr. Sharp Thornber (now Alderman Sharp Thornber, J. P.) ; 
and, passing first class honours in connection with the City and Guilds of 
London Institutes, was appointed successor to Mr. Thornber (retired), 1888 ; 
he then founded and taught classes in cotton weaving at Colne, Nelson, Ac- 
crington, Padiham, and Great Harwood, teaching in the evenings and working 
in the mill during the day ; in 1891, joined the Manchester Technical School 
as a day pupil and began to devote his whole time to teaching, in which work 
he has been very successful, his pupils from 1902 to 1912 being awarded prizes 
and scholarships to the value of £5,000 ; at present. Master of the Textile 
Department of the Burnley Technical Institute ; elected Member of the 
Society of Arts, 1895 ; Member of the Cotton Advisory Committee to the 
City and Guilds of London Institutes ; Member of the Cotton Advisory Com- 
mittee to the Lanes, and Cheshire Institutes ; Member of the Teachers' Regis- 
tration Council of the Association of Teachers in Technical Institutions ; 
Chairman of Directors, Barden Mill Co. (Burnley), Ltd., 1913 ; Private, N.E. 
Lanes. (Volunteer) Regt., 1915. His nephew, Sergt. T. H. Holmes, R.F.A., 
was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal and the Czar's Decoration, 
St. George's Medal, for conspicuous gallantry and saving guns in the battle 
of Ypres, November, 1914. 



BIOGRAPHIES 2Ti 



HOLT, Alderman Sir Edward, Bart., J. P. 

Woodthorpe, Prestwich ; Derby Brewery, Manchester. Born : 1850, at 
Manchester ; son of Joseph and Catherine Holt. Educated : Privately. 
Married : September, 1889, to Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph and Anna 
Brookes, and has issue two sons and three daughters : Joseph, Kate, Edward, 
Marjory, and Pleasance. Occupation : Brewer. Appointments : J. P. for 
Manchester and Westmorland ; Alderman. Recreation : Golf. Club : Carl- 
ton, London ; Clarendon and Constitutional, Manchester. 

HOLT, Rev. Fred P., Rector of St. Augustine's, Chorlton-cum- 
Hardy. 

St. Augustine's, Chorlton-cum-Hardy. Born : 1865, at Rochdale ; son 
of George and Mary Holt. Educated : Ushaw College, Durham. Profession : 
Rector of St. Augustine's, Chorlton-cum-Hardy. Recreations : Horses, 
agriculture, horticulture. Club : Chorlton-cum-Hardy Golf. Career : Took 
leading part in late Chorlton Horticultural Society ; Vice-Chairman, 
British Red Cross Society, Chorlton Division ; Commandant, Men's Volunteer 
Aid Detachment ; Vice-Chairman, Chorlton-cum-Hardy War Distress Com- 
mittee ; R.C. Chaplain, South Manchester Hospitals, North Didsbury, and 
at Southern Cemetery ; was for many years a Religious Examiner for Diocese 
of Salford. Ordained, October 26th, 1890, by the Right Rev. Herbert 
Vaughan, Bishop of Salford ; held Curacies at St. John's, Rochdale, Holy 
Family, Manchester ; St. Herbert's, Great Harwood ; St. Mary's, Failsworth. 
Appointed Rector of St. Augustine's, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, on May 24th, 
1897. 

HOLT, George Richard, Solicitor, Wesleyan Chapel Circuit Secretary. 

Holmefield House, Crawshawbooth. Offices : 65, Bank Street, Rawten- 
stall. Lanes. Born : February 12th, 1886, at Crawshawbooth ; son of James 
Edward Holt, J. P., of the Mansion House, Lorclough, near Crawshawbooth 
and Holmefield House, Crawshawbooth, and Mary, daughter of George Poskitt, 
late of Hastingden, Lanes. Educated : Woodhouse Grove School, near Brad- 
ford, Yorkshire ; admitted a Solicitor of the Supreme Court, May, 191 1. 
Profession : Solicitor. Appointments : Chapel Secretary for the Rawtenstall 
Wesleyan Circuit ; elected co-opted Member of the Rawtenstall Education 
Authority, 1912. Recreations : Cricket, fishing, shooting. Notes : One of 
the oldest families in the Forest of Rossindale ; several ancestors have been 
appointed from time to time Forest Greaves. 

HOPKINSON, Sir Alfred, K.C. 

14, Campden Hill Square, London, W. Born : June 28th, 1851, at 

Manchester ; second son of John and Alice Hopkinson. Educated : Owens 

College, Manchester ; Lincoln College, Oxford ; M.A. ; B.C.L. ; Oxford 

Rons. Lit. Hum. ; Vinerian Scholar ; Stowell Fellow of University College, 

Oxford ; Hon. Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford ; Hon. LL.D. of Glasgow, 

Aberdeen, Leeds, and Bristol Universities. Married : 1873, to Esther, daughter 

of the late Henry Wells, of Nottingham, and has issue four sons and three 

daughters : Rev. Arthur Wells, M.A. ; Rev. John Henry, M.A. ; Austin ; 

Martin ; Ellen (married the late George Harwood, M.P. for Bolton) ; Margaret 

Alice (married to G. B. Hertz, M.A., Barrister-at-Law, and Major, 7th 

Manchester Batt.) ; Esther Phyllis. Publications : Magazine articles and 

addresses. Recreations : Mountaineering, cycling, lawn tennis. Clubs : 

I Reform, Alpine, and Brasenose, Manchester. Career : Barrister-at-Law, 

I Lincoln's Inn, called 1873 ; K.C, Bencher of Lincoln's Inn ; Principal of 

i Owens College, Manchester, 1898 ; Vice-Chancellor of Victoria L'niversity of 



212 LANCASHIRE 



Manchester until 1913 ; Adviser to Bombay University, 1913-1914 ; Contested 
East Manchester, 1885 (unsuccessfully), South-west Manchester, 1892 ; M.P. 
lor North Wiltshire, 1895-1898 (Unionist) ; Member of Lanes. Education 
Committee until 1913 ; J. P. for Hertfordshire. 

HOPKINSON, Charles, B.Sc, M.Inst.C.E., M.Inst.M.E. 

The Limes, Didsbury, Manchester. Born : 1854, ^t Manchester ; son 
of John Hopkinson, formerly Mayor of Manchester. Educated : Privately ; 
Owens College; B.Sc. Occupation: Director of Mazapil Copper Co., Ltd. ; 
Chairman, Sinai Mining Co., Ltd. Appointments : Member of Manchester 
Royal Infirmary Board ; formerly Alderman of County of Lanes. Publica- 
tions : Contributions to the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers. 
Recreation : Golf. Clubs : Union ; Brasenose ; Alpine. 

HOPKINSON, Edward, M .A., D.Sc, Director of Various Companies. 

Ferns, Alderley Edge, Cheshire. Born : 1859, ^^ Manchester ; son of 
John Hopkinson, of Manchester, and Alice Hopkinson, daughter of John 
Dewhurst, of Shipton-in-Craven. Educated : Owens College ; Emmanuel 
College, Cambridge ; M.A. ; D.Sc. ; Late Fellow of Emmanuel College. 
Married : August loth, 1886, to Minnie, daughter of John Campbell, of Rath- 
fern, Co. Antrim, and has issue one son and one daughter : Edward Campbell 
(Capt., East Lanes. Regt.), and Katharine. Occupation : Director of Mather 
and Piatt ; Vice-Chairman of the Chloride Electrical Storage Co. Appoint- 
ments : Vice-President of Institute of Mechanical Engineers ; Member of 
Institute of Civil Engineers ; Member of University Court ; Treasurer of 
Salford Royal Hospital and Chairman of Committee of Management of the 
David Lewis Epileptic Colony ; Member of the Board of Management of the 
Manchester Steam Users' Association ; Member of the Manchester Tribunal ; 
Chairman of the Alderley-Edge Tribunal. Publications : Several Papers 
communicated to the Institutions of Civil and Mechanical Engineers. Clubs : 
Athenaeum, Reform, and Alpine, London ; Union, Manchester. 

HOPPER, Rev. George. 

195, Great Cheetham Street, Higher Broughton, Manchester. Born : 
April 8th, 1874, at New Seaham, Durham ; son of David Dixon and Catherine 
Hopper. Educated : Queen's College, Taunton. Married : August 7th, 
1902, to Mabel Annie West, daughter of Henry West, of Taunton, Somerset, 
and has issue two sons : Leslie George Hopper and Reg. West Hopper. Pro- 
fession : Clerk in Holy Orders. Publications : Sermons in periodicals. 
Recreation : Golf. 

HOPWOOD, Edward Robert Gregge, Lord of the Manor of Hopwood. 

Hopwood Hall, Middleton ; 76, South Audley Street, London. Born : 
February 6th, 1846, at Hopwood Hall ; son of Ed. J. Gregge Hopwood, and 
Susan Fanny, daughter of John Baskervyle Glegg, of Withington Hall, 
Cheshire. Married : June 23rd, 1875, to Mary Brenda, daughter of the 
late Geo. Beauchamp Cole, of Heatham House, Twickenham, and great-grand- 
daughter of the twelfth Earl of Derby, and has issue two sons and two 
daughters : Edward Byng, born 1880 ; Robert Gerald, and Judith and Cecilia. 
Travelled : Africa and Europe. Recreations : Hunting, shooting, fishing. 
Clubs : Turf ; Arthurs. Notes : Forty years in Lanes. Hussars. The Hop- 
woods were settled at Hopwood in the time of King John. Lord of the 
Manor of Hopwood, and owner of those estates. Hon. Colonel Lanes. Hussars 
Imperial Yeomanry. 



BIOGRAPHIES 213 



HORNABROOK, Rev. John, Wesleyan Minister, former President of 
Conference. 

Hazelwood, Middleton Road, Manchester ('Phone: Cheetham Hill 787). 
Office : Central Buildings, Oldham Street, Manchester ('Phone : City 5194). 
Born : May 23rd, 1848, at Kingston, Jamaica ; son of Richard and Louisa 
Hornabrooic. Educated : Woodhouse Grove School ; Headingley College. 
Married : January 23rd, 1877, to Mary J. Wiseman, daughter of the Rev. Luke 
H. Wiseman, M.A., and has issue four sons and one daughter. Profession : 
Wesleyan Minister ; Secretary of the Wesleyan Chapel Committee since 
1897 ; Secretary of the Conference, 1904-19 10 ; President, 19 10 ; Director of 
the Wesleyan Trust Assurance Society. Note : Has three sons with the Forces. 

HORNBY, Alderman Christopher. 

Lindum House, Park Road, Ashton-on-Mersey, near Manchester. Born : 
March 26th, 1862, at Openshaw, near Manchester ; youngest son of Benjamin 
Hornby. Educated : Day School ; afterwards at Ark House College, Ban- 
bury. Married : March, 1883, to Margaret Bradburn, of Pendleton, Man- 
chester, and has issue two daughters. Occupation: Butcher (retired). Chair- 
man of the Manchester Fish and Meat Salesmen's Ice Co., Ltd. ; Director of 
Messrs. R. Markindale and Co., Ltd., Hide and Skin Market, Regent Bridge, 
Manchester. Appointments : Councillor, November ist, 1897 ; Alderman, 
November 9th, 1910 ; Overseer, South Manchester ; Chairman, 1912 and 1913 ; 
Chairman, Manchester Corporation Cold Stores ; Deputy Chairman, Cleans- 
ing Committee. Recreation : Driving horses. 

HORNBY, Major Edmund Geoffrey Stanley, J.P., D.L., LL.D. 

Dalton Hall, Burton, Carnforth. Born : 1839 ; only son of E. G. Hornby, 
M.P. (died 1865), of Dalton Hall, Burton, Westmorland. Educated : LL.B., 
Cantab. Appointments : D.L., J. P. for Lanes. ; J. P. for Westmorland. 
Clubs: Junior Carlton; United Universities. Note: Capt. (Hon. Major), 
3rd Batt. (Militia), K.O.R. Lanes. Regt., 1858-1883. 

HORNBY, Yen. Phipps John, M.A., Vicar of St. Michael's-on-Wyre, 
Archdeacon of Lancaster. 

The Vicarage, St. Michael's-on-Wyre, Garstang, Lanes. Born : January 
loth, 1853, at St. Michael's-on-Wyre ; third son of William Hornby and 
Susan Charlotte Margaret, daughter of Admiral Sir Phipps Hornby, G.C.B. 
Educated : Rugby ; Balliol College, Oxford ; M.A. ; Second Class in Modera- 
tions ; Third Class in " Greats." Married : December 30th, 1885, to Agnes 
Eleanor, daughter of E. H. Leycaster Penrhyn, East Sheen, S.W., and has 
issue four sons and two daughters : Hugh Leycester, Geoffrey Phipps, William, 
Eklward Windham, Cecil Vere, and Kathleen. Profession : Vicar of St 
Michael's-on-Wyre ; Archdeacon of Lancaster. Career : Curate of Lytham, 
1877-1880 ; Curate of St. Michael's-on-Wyre, 1880-1885 ; Vicar of St. Michael's- 
on-W>Te since 1885 ; Proctor in Convocation, 1905-1909 ; Archdeacon of 
Lancaster, 1909. Note : Sons : Hugh Leycaster, Chaplain of the Forces, 
in Flanders since February, 1915 (Military Cross, July, 1916) ; Geoffrey 
Phipps, 3rd Suffolk Regt., 2nd Lieut., missing since May 8th, 1915, at Ypres, 
believed to be killed ; William, private, 17th King's (Liverpool) Regt. ; Edward 
Windham, 2nd Lieut. Lanes. Hussars. 

HORNIMAN, Miss A. E. F., M.A., Owner of Gaiety Theatre, 
Manchester. 

no. High Street, Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester ; ih, Montague 
Mansions, Portman Square, London. Telegrams : Lintenfisch Baker, London. 



214 LANCASHIRE 



Born : October 3rd, i860, at Forest Hill, near London ; eldest daughter of 
Frederick John Horniman and Rebecca Emslie Homiman. Educated : 
privately ; studied at the Slade School, under Professor Legros ; M.A., of 
Manchester University, " Honoris Causa." Recreation : Mends her clothes 
as a recreation when she has leisure. Note : Owner of the Gaiety Theatre, 
Peter Street, Manchester ; formerly Lessee of the Avenue Theatre, Dublin ; 
is her own secretary and " reader " for her theatre. 

HORSFALL, Thomas Goglan, M.A., President, Manchester Art 
Museum. 

Swanscoe Park, near Macclesfield. Born : 1841, at Manchester ; son of 
the late WiHiam and Maria HorsfaU. Educated : Private Schools in Manchester 
and Bowdon, Married : 1878, to Frances Emma, daughter of the late Henry 
Wilson Reeves, Indian Civil Service, and has issue one son and three daughters : 
Henry Francis Coglan (Captain in Loyal N. Lanes. Regiment; died, April 
22nd, 1916, of wounds received in battle) ; Dorothy Frances, Mary 
Emmeline, and Edith May. Appointments : President of Manchester Art 
Museum and University Settlement ; M.A. (Hon.) Victoria University, 
1902. Publications : "An Art Gallery for Manchester " ; " The Use of 
Pictures in Elementary Schools " ; " First Principles of Education " ; 
" The Study of Beauty," to which Ruskin wrote a preface; " Reforms Needed 
in our System of Elementary Education " ; The Example of Germany " ; 
" The Relation of National Service to the Welfare of the Community " ; and 
many other papers on Education, Housing and Town Planning. Recreations : 
Walking and reading. Club : Clarendon, Manchester. Note : Served for 
several years after i860 as private in Cheshire Volunteers. 

HORTON, Charles Ernest, Solicitor and Notary Public. 

27, Waterpark Road, Prenton, Birkenhead ; 5, India Buildings, Liver- 
pool. Born : 1875, at Liverpool ; son of Samuel Horton. Educated : Bicker- 
ton House, Birkdale, and the Leys School, Cambridge. Married : 1902, to 
Mary Meadows, daughter of W. A. Meadows, of Wallasey. Professi&n : 
Solicitor and Notary. Recreation : Model Engineering. Note : In Army (B. 
Reserve). 

HOUGH, Richard George, J.P., C.C., Steamship Owner. 

" Beechcroft," Mossley Hill, Liverpool ; 22, Water Street, Liverpool. 
Born : October 5th, 1857, ^^ Liverpool ; son of Samuel Hough, J. P., and Mary 
Hough, of Hoylake. Educated : Private Schools. Married : 1883, at Liver- 
pool, to Annie Elizabeth, daughter of Michael and Ann Woodward, of Liver- 
pool, and has issue one son and one daughter : Strafford Frank, born 1889 ; 
May Gordon, born 1884. Occupation : Steamship Owner. Appointments : 
J. P. for Liverpool, 1910 ; Liverpool City Council, 1908. Travelled : Europe 
and Mediterranean. Recreation : Golf. Clubs : Reform ; National Liberal. 

HOUGHTON, Rev. Edward John Walford, M.A., B.D., D.D., Head 
Master Rossall School. 

Rossall Hall, Fleetwood. Born : August nth, 1867, at Alvechurch, 
Worcestershire ; eldest son of the Rev. Canon Edward James Houghton , 
M.A., and Hannah Maria Houghton. Educated : Sherborne School, Christ 
Church, Oxford, prox. accessit Abbott University Scholarship, Second Class 
Honours Classical Mods., 1889 ; Second Class Lit. Hum., 1891 ; B.A., 1891 ; 
M.A., 1894 ; B.D. and D.D., 1909. Married : 1895, to Ethelwyne Mary, 
eldest daughter of Rev. H. H. Chamberlain, M.A., Vicar of Godmancheste r 
Huntingdon, and Rural Dean, and has issue four sons : Ralph Edward 



BIOGRAPHIES 215 



Cunliffe, Jack Maxwell Hyslop, Lancelot Edmund Harry Villiers, and Leonard 
Derrick. Profession : Head Master of Rossall, 1908, to present time. Recrea- 
tions : Cricket, tennis, fives. Clubs : Royal Societies, 63, St. James's Street; 
Marylebone C.C. Career : Appointed Assistant Master in Bromsgrove School, 
1891 ; also House Master and Senior Chaplain, 1893 ; Ordained Deacon, 1892 ; 
Priest, 1893. Head Master of King Edward's School, Stratford-on-Avon ; 
Chaplain of the Guild of the Holy Cross ; Trustee of Shakespeare Buildings, 
etc., 1895-1902 ; Head Master of St. Edmund's School, Canterbury, and 
Licensed Preacher in the Diocese of Canterbury, 1902-1908. 

HOUGHTON, Harold Johnson, Outside Engineering Manager at 
Cammell Laird and Co. 

Westwood, Neston, Cheshire. Office : c/o Cammell Laird and Co., 
Ltd., Birkenhead. 'Phone : Neston No. 15. Born : 1878, at Leighton Hall, 
Neston, Cheshire ; son of J. Johnson Houghton and Margaret Johnson 
Houghton. Educated : Rugby School ; A.M.I.N.A, Occupation : Outside 
Engineering Manager, Cammell Laird and Co., Ltd., Birkenhead. Club : 
Palatine, Liverpool. 

HOWARTH, Frederick, Solicitor, 

Albion Place, Bury. Office : Silver Street, Bury. Born : October 31st, 
1852, at Bury, Lanes. ; eldest son of Samuel Howarth, of Bury (deceased), 
and Mary (deceased), third daughter of John Ward, of Hollinwood, Lanes. 
Married : October ist, 1879, at Bury Parish Church, to Isabella (now deceased), 
eldest daughter of John Whitehead, of Bury (deceased), and Ann (deceased), 
eldest daughter of James Shaw, of Bury, and has issue four sons and one 
daughter : Percy Stanley, born August 6th, 1880 ; Frederick Whitehead, 
born July 14th, 1881 ; Cecil, born August 30th, 1885 (deceased) ; Samuel 
Whitehead, born January 8th, 1890 ; Florence, born November 8th, 1882. 
Profession : Solicitor, admitted 1887 ; Senior Partner in the firm of Frederick 
Howarth and Son, Bury (London Agents : Chester, Broome and Griffithes) ; 
Commissioner for Oaths. Appointments : Hon. Secretary, Bury and Elton 
Unionist Association ; and Prince of Wales' Lodge of Freemasons, 1012. Is 
a Director, Bury Guardian Co., Ltd., and Derby Hotel, Ltd. Recreation : 
Hunting. Clubs : Central Conservative, Bury ; Palatine, Bury ; Old 
Rectory, Manchester. Notes : Is a Member of the Local Parliamentary 
Recruiting Committee ; also on the Local Advisory Committee. Has two 
sons in the new army — Fredk. W. Howarth, private in the Public Schools 
Batt., Royal Fusiliers ; Samuel W. Howarth, 2nd Lieut., 13th Batt., Lanes. 
Fusiliers. 



HOWARTH, Percy Stanley, Solicitor. 

Meadow Bank, Bury. Office : Silver Street, Bury. Born : August 6th, 
1880, at Bury, Lanes. ; eldest son of Frederick Howarth, of Albion Place, 
Bury, and Isabella (deceased), eldest daughter of the late John Whitehead, of 
Bury, Lanes. Educated : Bury Grammar School. Married : June 3rd, 1908, 
at Bury Parish Church, to Jessie, second daughter of George Holt, L.D.S., 
of Bury, Lanes., and Emma, youngest daughter of the late Joseph Halstead, 
of Bury, Lanes., and has issue one son : Neville Stanley, born December 
4th, 1910. Profession : Solicitor ; Commissioner for Oaths ; Partner in the 
firm of Frederick Howarth and Son. (London Agents : Chester, Broome and 
Griffithes.) Appointments : Hon. Secretary, Bury Grammar School Old Boys' 
Association, and Bury Church Defence Committee. Rccreatiofis : Music and 
tennis. 



2i6 LANCASHIRE 



HOWELL, James Henry, Cotton Broker. 

Woodville, Abbot's Park, Chester ('Phone: 317). Office: Jas. Howell and 
Sons, George Street, Liverpool ('Phone : 364 Liverpool. Telegrams: " Howells," 
Liverpool). Born : January 28th, 1857, ^t Wavertree, Liverpool; son of John 
Job and Mary Ann Howell. Educated : Privately. Occupation : Cotton 
Broker. Recreations : Golf and carpentry. Clubs : Royal Liverpool Golf, 
Old Hall, Liverpool ; Delamere Forest Golf. Masonic Lodge : Bucking- 
ham Chandos, No. 2667. 



HOWLETT, Capt. Arthur Waltham, R.A.M.C., M.B., Ch.B., 
formerly of the Indian Medical Service. 

Bolton Street, Bury. Born : 1880, at Bury, Lanes. ; son of the Rev. 
W. H. and Mrs. Howlett (a descendant of Mrs. Elizabeth Fry). Educated : 
Victoria University, Manchester ; M.B. ; Ch.B. Publications : " Many 
Camps," collected articles on India from the Manchester Guardian ; " The 
Gunrunners and Other Ballads," Pioneer Press ; articles in the Manchester 
Guardian, Pioneer, Field, Chambers's Journal and R.A.M.C. Journal. For- 
merly Chief Editor of Manchester Medical Students' Gazette, 1906-1907. Recrea- 
tions : Shooting and motor-cycling. Club : Authors', Whitehall Court. 
Career : He was House Physician at Manchester Royal Infirmary, 1907 ; 
Resident Medical Officer of Cheadle Convalescent Hospital, 1906-1907 ; Sur- 
geon in White Star Line and Booth Line ; entered Indian Medical Service in 
1907 ; Captain in 1910 ; Served on Chitral Relief Expedition and Mission 
to Afgho-Persian Frontier. Governor of Central and District Jails at Agra, 
1911-1912 ; of Central Jail and Reformatory at Bareilly, United Provinces, 
1913. Travelled : In Malay, China, Japan, Canada. First publications, poems 
in Chambers's Journal, and articles on South America and West Indies, followed 
by others on India, China, and Japan ; many been reprinted in various parts 
of the world, e.g. Canadian and German papers. He took up a controversy 
with anti-opium Society in the Manchester Guardian ; he served with the 
ist Division of the British Expeditionary Force from battle of Mons through 
first year of the war ; Reminiscences of War in Manchester Guardian, 1915. 
He was Medical Officer to ist Gloucester Regt., ist Division of Expeditionary 
Force, present at battle of Mons ; throughout the Retreat at battles of the 
Marne and Aisne ; and subsequently in Flanders, at Langemarck and the first 
attack on Ypres ; later with ist Field Ambulance, ist Guards Brigade, First 
Division, and later with 39th Brigade R.F.A., ist Division (battle of Festu- 
bert, May, 1915). Formerly in Indian Medical Service (1907), exchanged to 
R.A.M.C. in 1913. 

HOWLETT, Rev. William Henry, M.A., Head Master, Bury Grammar 

School. 

Bury Grammar School. Born : December 2nd, 1849, at Wicklewood, 
Norfolk ; only son of George and Elizabeth Howlett. Educated : Pupil at 
Perse Grammar School, Cambridge ; in 1869 gained a Scholarship in Classics, 
of ;^30, at Christ's College, Cambridge, admitted in October. At College he 
won second prize in 1870 and a Foundation Scholarship of ^^70 per annum ; 
in 1871, prize for Latin Verse and a Fishmongers' Exhibition ; in 1872, second 
prize. Theological Examination ; in 1873, Classical Tripos, ninth in Second 
Class ; B.A. in 1873 ; M.A. in 1876. Married : July 28th, 1879, at Arundel 
Parish Church, to the youngest daughter of Thomas Yarrall Johnston Dally, 
a family long connected with the County of Sussex, and relative of famous 
prison reformer, Mrs. Elizabeth Fry, and one of whose ancestors was Mayor 
of Chichester. Appointments : In 1872 was appointed Secretary of the College 



BIOGRAPHIES 217 



Musical Society ; in 1870-1873 sang in the College Choir ; in 1873-1877 was 
Classical Master at the College, Ely, and during the last two years of that 
period was also House Master at St. Audrey's; was ordained Deacon at Ely 
by Bishop Woodford, in 1876, and Priest at St. Albans, by Bishop Claughton 
in 1878 ; was Curate at Chettisham, Cambridgeshire, 1876-1878, held in con- 
junction with the school-chapel at Ely; Curate of Hemel-Hempstead, Herts., 
from 1878-1879, and also second Master at the Preparatory School, Boxmoor, 
Herts. ; in 1879, Head Master of Bury Grammar School ; President of Bury 
Athenaeum in 1887 ; Trustee-Director ; may be regarded as founder of the 
Athenaeum Operatic Society, of which he is Chairman. Secretary of Christian 
Social Union, first meeting held at his house in 1891. In March, 1892, with 
the help of Sir Henry James, M.P. for Bury, was instrumental in starting the 
Cadet Corps in association with the 5th Batt. Lanes. Fusiliers. This Corps 
has since become a junior branch of the Officers' Training Corps. In 1900-1901 
was a member of the Secondary Education Council of Convocation of York. 
For some time was a member of the Bury Borough Education Committee. In 
1903-1907 was Chairman of Division XII. of the Incorporated Association 
of Head Masters and a member of the Council of the same Association from 
1904-1908, Since 1910 he has been a Member of the Education Committee 
of the Lanes. County Council — co-opted by head masters and assistant masters 
of secondary schools. A trustee of the Bury Savings Bank. In 1912, May 6th, 
was elected President of the resuscitated Bury Grammar School Old Boys' 
Association. Some of the chief events of his Head Mastership have been the 
schemes, approved by the Education Department in 1899, for the Kay and 
Hulme amalgamation and a new constitution of the Grammar School ; the 
taking over by the Governors, in 1900, of the High School for Girls (Bolton 
Street), now the " Bury Grammar School " (Girls) ; the erection of new school 
buildings in Tenterden Street ; the laying the foundation stone of the new 
Central Hall in 1906 ; the opening of the same Hall in 1907 ; the opening, 
in 1907, of the School Rifle Range. In the year after his admission to Christ's 
College, he took part in the first game of Association Football played at the 
University, on " Parker's Piece," and played cricket with the College Eleven 
in 1872-1873. Note : His four sons were all scholars at the Grammar School : 
Arthur Waltham Hewlett, M.B., Ch.B. (Victoria University, Manchester), 
Capt., R.A.M.C, in charge of ambulance unit in France, formerly in the I. M.S. 
and Governor of the Central Gaol, Agra ; Cecil George Howlett, M.B., Ch.B. 
(Victoria University), Capt., Indian Medical Service, in Mesopotamia ; Leslie 
William Howlett, M.B., Ch.B. (Victoria University), Capt., R.A.M.C, in 
France ; and Charles Yarrall Howlett, Alberta, Canada. 



HOWORTH, Lieut. George Eric, B.Sc, A.M.LC.E.. Civil Engineer. 

42, Ellerton Road, Wandsworth Common, S.W. Born : April 13th, 1889 ; 
son of Thomas Smith and Helena Howorth. Educated : Leys School, 
Cambridge. Married : February 19th, 1913, to Alice Dora, second daughter 
of Richard and Ann Hambly, and has issue two sons : John Francis and 
Richard Hambly. Occupation : Civil Engineer ; A.M.LC.E. Note : 2nd 
Lieut. (Temp.), October 25th, 1914, promoted Lieut., July, 1915 ; with the 
Royal Engineers in France. 



HOWORTH, Henry Leslie, Dental Surgeon (L.D.S.). 

The Gables, Bowdon, Cheshire ; Dental Hospital, Manchester. Born : 
May ist, 1893, at Bowdon, Cheshire ; son of Thos. Smith and Helena (n6e 
Stott). Educated : The Leys. Manchester University, L.D.S. Profession : 
Dental Surgeon. 



2i8 LANCASHIRE 



HOWORTH, James Kenneth, Organ BuUder. 

The Gables, Bowdon, Cheshire ; Jardene and Co., Old Trafford. Born : 
April 9th, 1891, at Bowdon, Cheshire ; son of Thomas Smith and Helena 
Howorth. Educated : Leys School, Cambridge. Occupation : Organ Builder. 
Recreation : Music. Note : A.S.C., Motor Ambulance, Egypt. 

HOWORTH, Lieut. John Stott, Farmer. 

The Gables, Bowdon, Cheshire ; Willoughbridge Lodge, Market Drayton. 
Born : August 18th, 1887, at Bowdon, Cheshire ; son of Thomas Smith 
Howorth and Helena Howorth (nee Stott). Educated : Leys School, Cam- 
bridge. Married : August 17th, 1910, to Selina Charlotte Dreffield, daughter 
of Thomas and Selina Dreffield, and has issue one daughter : Helena Joyce 
Dreffield Howorth. Occupation: Farmer. A'O^g.* A. S.C. 2nd Lieut., Salonika. 

HOWSIN, Evelyn Gildon, J.P., Land Agent. 

Isles House, Whalley Road, Padiham. 'Phone : 91. Born : July 22nd, 
1870, at Padiham ; second son of the late Daniel and Emma Howsin, of South- 
port. Married : 1906, to Doris O., daughter of J. W. Appleyard, of Liver- 
pool, and has issue one daughter : Sybil, born October 28th, 1908. Occu- 
pation : Land Agent : Chairman, Padiham Farmers' Trading Society ; Chair- 
man, Padiham Branch Lanes. Farmers' Association. Appointment : J. P. for 
Lanes., 1910 ; Chairman, Burnley Area Sub-Committee of the County War 
Agricultural Committee. 

HOWSON, Ven. George John, Archdeacon of Warrington. 

Rectory, Woolton, Liverpool, (138, Gateacre.) Born : Ma3'' ist, 1854, 
at Liverpool ; son of John Saul Howson, D.D., Dean of Chester, and 
Mary, daughter of John Cropper, Dingle Bank, Liverpool. Educated : Liver- 
pool College ; Haileybury College ; Trinity College, Cambridge ; First Class 
Theological Tripos, and Evans Prize. Married : January 3rd, 1880, to Ethel, 
daughter of Archdeacon Dealtry, and has issue three sons : Roger (Librarian 
of Columbian University, New York) ; Geoffrey (Capt., Indian Army) ; George 
(Lieut., Hampshire Regt., France). Recreations : Fishing and rowing. Club: 
Athenaeum, Liverpool. 

HOWSON, Herbert, General Produce Broker, Churchwarden of St, 
John's, Waterloo. 

II, Marlborough Road, Waterloo, Lanes. ('Phone : 471, Waterloo). Office : 
3, Tithebarn Street, Liverpool ('Phone: 6051, Central). Born: December 
loth, 1868, at Bootle, Lanes. ; son of the late Charles Howson, Shipbuilder, 
and First Mayor of Bootle. Educated : Conway College, Conway, North Wales. 
Married : June loth, 1891, to Eleanor Turner, only daughter of the late 
Henry Turner, Civil Engineer. Occupation : General Produce Broker. 
Appointments : Churchwarden, St. John's, Waterloo. Recreation : Gardening. 
Career : Apprenticed in the year 1885 to Samuel How and Co., General Produce 
Brokers, and became a Partner in January, 1914. 

HOYLAND, Clement Edward. 

Stock Park, Ulverston. Born : July 4th, 1869, at Felkirk Vicarage, 
near Barnsley, Yorks. ; son of the Rev. John Hoyland, of Brierley Hall, 
Barnsley, Yorks., and Mary Anne, daughter of John Cordeux, of Barnsley. 
Educated : Uppingham and Trinity College, Cambridge. Married : At 
Forres, to Louisa Eddie, daughter of James Fraser, Forres, N.B., and has 



BIOGRAPHIES 219 



issue one son, John Fraser, born April 22nd, 1895. Formerly a Lieut., 2nd 
Vol. Batt., York and Lanes. Regt., and now holds a temporary commission 
as Capt., attached 2/4th K.O. Royal Lanes. Regt. His son, John Fraser, is a 
Lieut., 4th Batt., Lanes. Fusiliers, 

HOYLE, Rev. Joshua, Wesleyan Minister. 

Mossley, near Manchester. Born : October 20th, 1874, at Whitworth, 
near Rochdale ; son of James and Esther Hoyle. Educated : Wesleyan Day 
School ; Richmond College, Surrey. Married : To Mary H. HiU, daughter 
of J. S. and Betsy H. Hill, and has issue one son and one daughter : Stephen 
H. Stead and Vera Mary. Profession : Wesleyan Minister. Recreations : 
Tennis, cycling, walking. Note : Officiating Clergyman to Wesleyans in 
Ashton-under-Lyne Barracks. 

HOYLE, Richard, Cotton Spinner, Merchant, Arbitrator, Landowner. 

Lulworth Grange, Birkdale. Born : May 4th, 1853, at Bolton ; son of 
John and Mary Hoyle, of Wheelton, Chorley. Educated : Southport College ; 
Mintholme College. Married : At Blackburn, to Mary J., only child of 
James Kenyon, of Blackburn, and Ada Mary Rostron, only daughter of Walter 
Martin Musgrave, J. P., of Bolton, and has issue three sons and one daughter : 
John, born July, 1882 ; James Kenyon, born December, 1887 ; Walter 
Musgrave, born March, 1896 ; Mary Vivienne, born October, 1893. Occupation : 
Cotton Spinner and China Clay Merchant. Travelled : North and South 
America, Egypt, Palestine, West Indies, Europe. Recreations : Fishing and 
shooting. Clubs : R.A.C., London ; Union Sport. Notes : Landowner in 
Heaton Park, Manchester. Well-known arbitrator. 

HUDSON, Frank, LL.B., Solicitor, Commissioner for Oaths. 

156, Coal Clough Lane, and 12, St. James' Row, Burnley. Born : March 
31st, 1884, at Padiham, Lanes. ; son of the late John Howard Hudson, M.A., 
and Hannah, daughter of J. Battye, of Manchester, Architect. Educated : 
Burnley Grammar School ; Manchester University ; LL.B. (First Class). 
Profession : Solicitor ; Member of the firm of Roberts, Riley and Hudson, 
Burnley ; Commissioner for Oaths. (London Agents : W. J. and E. H. 
Tremellen.) Recreations: Golf, tennis. Badminton. Joined H.M. Forces (3rd 
Border Regiment), March, 1916, 

HUDSON, James Arthur, Registrar, Rochdale County Court, Notary 
Public, Solicitor, CO. 

" Hillside," Littleborough, near Rochdale. Office : The Butts, Rochdale. 
(London Agents : Torr and Co.) Born : December 30th, 1858, at York ; 
eldest son of Thomas Bamford Hudson, of Littleborough, and Kate, daughter 
of Mr. Woffindin, of Hutton Ambo, near Malton. Educated : Rochdale 
Grammar School. Married : April 17th, 1894, at Rochdale Parish Church, 
to Edith, elder daughter of the late James Hamilton, of " Broomhill," Roch- 
dale, and Amelia, daughter of WiUiam Deakin, of Chorlton-on-Medloek, 
Manchester, and has issue three sons and one daughter : Edith Blanche, 
born June 21st, 1896 ; Arthur Keith, born October 22nd, 1899 ; Eric Hamilton, 
born July nth, 1902 ; Charles Maurice, born November 8th, 1904. Profes- 
sion : Solicitor ; Commissioner for Oaths ; Registrar of the Rochdale County 
Court ; Notary Public. Recreation : Amateur photography. Club : Unionist, 
Rochdale. Note : Practices under the style of Brierley and Hudson, at 
Rochdale and Littleborough. 



220 LANCASHIRE 



HUDSON, John Charles, Solicitor, Chairman of Gas Company. 

Wellington Lodge, Littleborough ; 3, Mount Street, Manchester. Born : 
October 14th, 1864, at Littleborough, Lanes. ; son of John and Sarah Ann 
Hudson, of Littleborough, Lanes. Educated : Privately, in Yorkshire. 
Married : August 14th, 1890, to Amy Louisa, daughter of James Taylor 
Rogers, of Wellington Lodge, Littleborough, and has issue one son and one 
daughter : John, born May 19th, 1891 ; Amy, born November 8th, 1894. 
Profession : Solicitor ; Chairman, Littleborough Gas Co. ; Director, Messrs. 
Leigh, Ltd., Preston, etc. Clubs : Constitutional, Manchester ; Lytham and 
St. Anne's Golf, etc. 

HUGHES, Charles, B.A., J.P., Retired Yarn Agent. 

The Gables, Kersal, Manchester. 'Phone : 250 Higher Broughton, Man- 
chester. Born : 185 1, at Manchester ; son of William and Mary Hughes. 
Educated: Manchester Grammar School; Owens College; B.A. (London). 
Married : 1893, to Susan M. Worthington, of South Australia. Occupation : 
Yarn Agent ; Chairman of Convocation of Victoria University, 1890-1893 ; 
Director of Manchester Chamber of Commerce, from 1904-1911 ; retired from 
business, 1914. Appointment : J. P. for Manchester. Publications : " Fynes 
Morysons Unpublished Itinerary " ; " The Defence of the Realm, by H. 
Knyvett " (The Oxford University Press) ; " Mrs. Piozzi's Thraliana." Club: 
Brasenose, Manchester. 

HUGHES, Rev. Howell Harris, B.A. (Lond.), B.D. (Wales), Minister 
of the Gospel. 

34, Sydenham Avenue, Sefton Park, Liverpool. 'Phone : Wavertree 604. 
Born : 1873, in Anglesey ; son of John Richard and Jane Hughes. Educated : 
Beaumaris, Bangor (University College) ; Bala Theological College ; one of two 
first B.D. graduates in Wales. Married : 1902, to Margaret Ellen, youngest 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Griffith Roberts, of Bala, and has issue three sons : 
Howell Gwynn, Keri Harris, and Arthur Emlyn. Profession : Minister of 
the Gospel. Publications : Sunday School Handbooks and Pamphlets. 

HUGHES, Rev. Jacob, L.D.. Vicar of St. Winifrid's. 

95, Park Road East, Birkenhead, Liverpool ; St. Winifrid's Vicarage, 
Birkenhead. Born : August 4th, 1872, at Croft, near Cardigan ; son of 
Benjamin and Lydia Hughes. Educated : St. David's College, Lampeter ; 
L.D. (Gospeller at Llandaff, 1898). Married: September, 1908, to Crystal 
Phillips, daughter of William and Mary Phillips, of Penrhyn, Portmadoc. 
Profession : Vicar of St. Winifred's Church, Birkenhead. Recreation : Walk- 
ing. Notes : His father was cousin of late Bishop of St. Asaph (Bishop 
Hughes) ; mother, cousin of the late Bishop of Swansea (Bishop Lloyd) ; 
wife is now a Red Cross Nurse. 



HUGHES, Lieut. -Colonel Michael James. 

Sherdley Hall, St. Helens, Lanes. Born : i86r ; only child of Michael 
Hughes, J.P. (died 1886), of Sherdley Hall, Lanes. Married : 1896, to Edith, 
youngest daughter of the late Col. David Brewster-Macpherson, of Balavil, 
Co. Inverness. Profession : Lieut.-Col. Commanding 7th Royal Inniskilling 
Fusiliers from April. 1915 ; Capt., 2nd Life Guards, 1892-1896. Clubs : 
Marlborough and Boodles 



BIOGRAPHIES 221 



HUGHES, Thomas Cann, M.A. (Cantab.), F.S.A., Town Clerk, 
Lancaster. 

78, Church Street, Lancaster ; Woodpark, Hittisleigh, Devon. Born : 
August 14th, i860, at 4, Paradise Row, Chester ; son of Thomas and Juhana 
Senora Hughes, of The Groves, Chester, and of Drewsteignton, Devon. Edu- 
cated : King's School, Chester ; Westminster Gold Medal, Piatt Exhibitioner ; 
B.A. (Camb.), 1882 (Math. Honours) ; M.A., 1890. Married : September 
28th, 1911, at Lancaster Parish Church ; to Ada Fanny (A.R.S.L, Lady Health 
Visitor, Lancaster), second daughter of Walter Hey wood, of Winkleigh, Devon. 
Publications : Antiquarian and literary articles ; ' ' Official Guide to Lan- 
caster." Travelled : France, Belgium, extensively in England (especiaUy 
Devon). Recreations : Walking, art and book collecting. Freemasonry ; in- 
tensely interested in all about Devon — has best collection Devon books 
outside county. Clubs : Manchester Literary ; Cambridge Union. Notes : 
Fellow of the Local Government Officers' Association ; Member of the Law 
Committee of Associated Municipal Corporations ; F.S.A. ; Co-optative 
Governor, Royal Grammar School, Lancaster ; Vice-President, British 
Archaeological Association ; Vice-President, London Devonian Association ; 
Freeman of Chester ; Freeman of London and Tinplate-worker ; Member of 
over thirty learned and Masonic Societies ; Clerk to the Lancaster Local 
Tribunal, and Naval and Military Pensions Committee ; President, Lancaster 
Scientific Society, 1915-1916 ; President, Lancaster Literary Society; M.W.S., 
Philips Rose-Croix Chapter Freemasons, 1916; P.M. Rowley Lodge, Lancaster. 

HULTON, Charles Edward, Solicitor, Registrar of Bolton County 
Court. 

The Hawthorns, Chorley New Road, Bolton ; 25, Wood Street, Bolton. 
Born : April 26th, 1880, at Eccles ; youngest son of Jessop Henry Fletcher 
Hulton, of Astley House, Bolton, and Brada, daughter of J. Simpson, of 
Lancaster. Educated : Shrewsbury Grammar School ; Admitted Solicitor, 
1902. Profession : Solicitor, junior partner in the firm of Fullagar, Hulton, 
Bailey and Co. (London Agents : Rowcliffe, Rawle and Co.) Appointments : 
Registrar of Bolton County Court ; Governor of Eden's Orphanage ; Local 
Hon. Secretary for Land Union, and Director of Western Cricket Ground, 
Ltd. Travelled : Russia, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji Isles, 1909, West 
Indies. Recreations : Hockey, cricket, tennis, golf. Clubs : Western Cricket 
(for cricket, hockey, tennis) ; Lostock Golf, Bolton ; Birkdale Golf ; Bolton 
Conservative ; Bolton Law Society. 

HUMPHREY, Rev. John Henry, M.A., Vicar, Rural Dean, Member 
Lancashire County Council. 

The Vicarage, Royton, Lanes. Born : April 28th, i860, at Leeds ; son 
of Thomas and Ann Eliza Humphrey. Educated : Park Hill Preparatory 
School, by private tutor. Rev. J. Carter Browne, D.D. (late Rector of Thurning) ; 
Clare College, Cambridge ; M.A. (Cambridge). Married : 1901, to Mary, 
elder daughter of Thomas and Anne Mercer, and has issue one daughter : 
Kathleen Mary Whalley. Profession : Ordained Deacon in 1885 ; Priest, 
1886, by the Lord Bishop of Manchester ; Curate of Lancaster, 1885-1888 ; 
Vicar of Caton-with-Littledale, 1888-1894 ; Vicar of Royton since 1894 ; 
Rural Dean of Oldham ; Proctor in Convocation for the Province of York. 
Appointments : Member of the Lanes. County Council ; Late Chairman of 
the Royton School Board ; Chairman of the Royton and Crompton Education 
Committee ; Chairman of the Royton and Crompton Old Age Pensions Com- 
mittee ; Governor of the Oldham Royal Infirmary ; Governor of the Hulme 



222 LANCASHIRE 



Grammar School, Oldham ; Governor of the Middleton Grammar School ; 
Chairman, Church Schools Emergency League, 1915 ; Hon. Secretary, Church 
Schools Emergency League, 1915. Recreation : Fond of Travel. Club : 
Old Rectory, Manchester. Note : Late Senior Acting-Chaplain to the 5th 
Lanes. Royal Garrison Artillery (Volunteers), V.D. 



HUMPHREYS, Lieut. Leslie Brian, Cotton Manufacturer. 

Merle Bank, Hale, Cheshire. 'Phone : 51 Altrincham. Born : February 
20th, 1893, at Bowdon, Cheshire ; son of Humphrey and Jessie Humphreys. 
Educated : Leys School. Occupation : Cotton Manufacturer. Recreations : 
Golf and tennis. Note : Lieut., 17th Batt., Manchester Regt. 



HUNTER, William Henry, M.Inst.C.E., Civil Engineer. 

Bank House, Woodley, Cheshire. Offices: 42, Spring Gardens, Man- 
chester. 'Phone : 1956, City (Manchester). Born : 1849 >* son of the late 
Henry Hunter, of Sunderland. Educated : Sunderland ; Newcastle-on-Tyne. 
Occupation : Civil Engineer ; Consulting Engineer to the Ship Canal Co. 
Appointments : Past President of Manchester Association of Engineers ; Past 
Member of Board of Consulting Engineers for the Panama Canal ; Consult- 
ing Engineer to the Greenock Harbour Trust, and to the Marine Board of 
Launceston, Tasmania. Publications : " Rivers and Estuaries " (Longman) ; 
" Dock and Lock Machinery " (Constable) ; many scientific papers. 



HUTCHISON, Joseph Anderson, Chemical Manufacturer. 

105, Barkston Gardens, S.W, Ofiices : Hulton Chemical Works, Bolton ; 
Chemical Works, Highbridge Wharf, Somerset ; 25, Holland Street, Black- 
friars, S.E. Born : At Parkfield, near Ballymena, Co. Antrim ; son of William 
Hutchinson, and Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Anderson. Educated : Bolton 
Church Institute ; Bolton Grammar School. Married : April 30th, 1909, to 
Laura Emily, daughter of James and Laura Reed, and has issue one son : 
Kenneth Noel Joseph Anderson. Occupation : Chemical Manufacturer. 
Recreations : Hunting, foreign travel. Club : The Royal Automobile. 
Masonic Lodges : Craft Lodges : P.M., " Newall," 1134, Manchester, and 
" Earl of Derby," 3564, Manchester ; Chapter : " Caledonian," 204, Man- 
chester ; Mark : " St. Andrew's," 34, Manchester ; Preceptors: " St. Joseph," 
9, Manchester. Career : Chairman, Managing The Burnden Tar Co. (Bolton), 
Ltd. ; Hulton Chemical Works, Bolton, Lanes. ; Joseph A. Hutchinson, 
Ltd., Chemical Works, Highbridge Wharf, Somerset. 



HUTCHINSON, Dr. Lancelot, M.D., M.B., Ch.B., Liverpool 
University. 

Blacklow House, Hayton. Born : July 22nd, 1879, at Rock Ferry, 
Cheshire ; son of John Heap Hutchinson, and Fanny Elise Forwood, of 16, 
Princes Terrace, Liverpool. Educated : Sedberg, M.D., M.B. ; Liverpool 
University, Ch.B. Married : July 2nd, 1912, to Doris Maud Knowles, daughter 
of the late Herbert Knowles, M.D., of St. Helens, Lanes., and has issue one 
daughter: Ethlean Elaine. Profession: M.D., M.B., Ch.B., Liverpool Uni- 
versity. Publications : Contributions to the Bio-Chemistry of Haemolysis 
(with Professor Moore and Dr. Wilson) ; " The Haemolytic Action of Certain 
Bile Derivatives " (with Dr. McLean), both in Bio-Chemical Journal, 1909. 
Travelled : Rome, Canada, Far East, Switzerland, Italy. 



BIOGRAPHIES 223 



HUTCHINSON, Councillor Samuel Mason, J.P., ex-Lord Mayor of 
Liverpool. 

The Marfords, Bromborough, Cheshire ('Phone : 32 Bromborough). 
Office : Mersey Flour Mills, Liverpool ('Phone : 6806 Central Liverpool ; Tele- 
grams : "Echord"). Born: May 28th, 1858, at Liverpool; second son of 
Edward Hutchinson, J. P., of Liverpool. Educated : Liverpool Collegiate 
Institution. Married : April, 1883, to Miss Josephine H. Chellew, and has 
issue one son and six daughters. Occupation : Corn Merchant and Miller. 
Appointments : J. P. for County of Chester, and also for City of Liverpool ; 
Councillor for Kensington Ward, Liverpool. Recreation : Work. Club : 
Liverpool Conservative. Career : Lord Mayor of Liverpool, 1910-1911. 



HUTTON, William Leak, J.P., C.C., Newspaper Proprietor. 

"Moss Bank," Aughton, Ormskirk ; "St. Winifrede," Llanfair, M.E., 
Anglesea. Born : 1847, at Ormskirk ; eldest son of Thomas Hutton, of 
Fairfield House, Ormskirk. Educated : Lancaster Royal Grammar School ; 
Liverpool College. Married : 1872, to Ann Louisa Gobbett, and has issue 
eleven children. Occupation : Newspaper Proprietor. Appointments : J. P. 
for Lanes., 1906 : County Councillor, 1901. Publications : Ormskirk Adver- 
tiser, also West Lancashire Coast Chronicle. Recreation : Country life. Career : 
J. P. for the County of Lancaster ; Member of the Standing Joint Committee 
for County ; County Licensing Bench ; County Council ; County Educa- 
tion Committee ; York House of Laymen (Liverpool Diocese) ; Liverpool 
Cathedral Committee ; Chairman of the Ormskirk Grammar School Governors ; 
Corn Exchange ; President of the Ormskirk Conservative Association ; Vice- 
President of the Ormskirk Divisioaal Conservative Council ; Delegate to the 
National Union ; Chairman of the Old Age Pension Committee ; Treasurer 
of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Families Association ; S.P.G. and many religious 
Societies ; Governor of the UphoUand Grammar School ; Trustee, Ormskirk 
Savings Bank, and many other societies. 



ILDERTON, Frederick George Pell, M.B., Ch.B. (Vic), Medical 
Officer of Health. 

Higher Openshaw, Manchester. Born : May 28th, 1880, at Openshaw, 
Manchester ; son of the late Harry Pell and Elizabeth Pell Ilderton. of Higher 
Openshaw, Manchester. Educated : Hulme Grammar School ; Owens College ; 
M.B., Ch.B. (Victoria). Married: At St. Michael's Parish Church, Ashton- 
under-Lyne, to Marion, eldest daughter of Alderman Edward Barlow Heap, 
J. P., of Stamford House, Ashton-under-Lyne. Profession : Medical Officer 
of Health, Droylsden Urban District. Club : Droylsden Conservative. 

INGHAM, Ernest Arthur, M.A., Mus. Bac, Clerk in Holy Orders. 

95, Grove Street, Liverpool. Born : 1865, at Chester ; son of Laurence 
and Mary Ann Ingham (nee Barnacle). Educated: Private School; St. 
John's College, Cambridge ; M.A, ; First Exam. Mus. Bac. Married : 1892, 
to Sarah Elizabeth Corbett, daughter of John Corbett, and has issue one son 
and three daughters : Lawrence Ernest, Edith Maud, Dorothy Elizabeth, 
and Amy Ethel. Profession : Formerly Precentor of Liverpool Cathedral ; 
Clerk in Holy Orders ; Visitor to the Molyneux Charity, Liverpool. Recrea- 
tions : Cycling, travelling, music. Club : Athenaeum. Liverpool. Note : 
His son, Lawrence Ernest, private, i8th Service Batt., K.L.R. (" 2nd Pads "), 
now serving in France. 



224 LANCASHIRE 



INGHAM, John Arthur, Solicitor, Chairman of Unionist Association. 

The Shaw, Langfield, near Todmorden. Bom: 1858 ; son of John 
Arthur Ingham, J. P. (died 1900), of The Shaw, Todmorden, and Mary MitcheU, 
eldest daughter of John Mitchell and Sarah Foster, of High Greenwood, Hep- 
tonstall, Yorks. Educated : Private tutor ; Victoria University, Manchester. 
Married : 1902, to S. E., only daughter of the late John Frederick Sutchffe, 
of Harley House, Todmorden. Profession : Solicitor. Appointments : Chair- 
man of Sowerby Division Unionist Association, and Farmers' Association ; 
Member of Board of Guardians and Assessment Committee. Publication : 
" City Slums, Land Depression, and Common Labour." Recreations : Hunting 
and fishing. Serving on Local and Belgian Relief and Recruiting 
Committees. 

IRELAND, Arthur Broadbent, Director of Manchester Chamber of 
Commerce. 

" The Knowle," Altrincham, Cheshire. Office ; 10/12, Hopwood Avenue, 
Manchester. 'Phone : 1831 City. Telegrams : " Erin." Born : February 
i8th, 1868, at Broughton, Manchester ; second son of Charles William and 
Elsie Ireland, Educated : Bloxham. Married : September 5th, 1907, to 
Margaret, youngest daughter of the late John T. Lewis, J.P., Dunham Massey, 
Cheshire, and has issue one daughter. Occupation : Cotton Merchant, Broker. 
Recreations : Golf, motoring, cycling. Note : Special Constable for City of 
Manchester ; Director of the Manchester Cotton Association ; Member 
of the Manchester Association of Importers and Exporters ; Director of the 
Manchester Chamber of Commerce. Club : Manchester Constitutional. 

IRELAND-BLACKBURNE, Robert, C.B., J.P.. D.L., Hon. Col. 3rd 
South Lanes. Regt. 

Hale Hall, Liverpool. Born : October 13th, 1850, at Light Oaks, Cheadle, 
Staffordshire ; son of Colonel John Ireland-Blackburne, of Hale Hall, 
Liverpool, and Mary, eldest daughter of Sir Henry Bold Hoghton, eighth 
Baronet, of Hoghton Tower, Lancashire. Educated : Eton and Cambridge. 
Married : February 5th, 1885, at London, to Georgina Vernon, younger 
daughter of Sir Gustavus Hume, Kt., of Dublin, and Ellen Caroline, elder 
daughter of Mrs. Vernon-Gore, of Derryluskan, Co. Tipperary, and has issue 
two sons and one daughter : Gilbert Ireland, born January 14th, 1887 ; John 
Ireland, born August 9th, 1889 ; Mary Ireland, born August loth, 1891. 
Appointments: J. P. for Lanes., D.L., C.B. (Military), 1902; Hon. Col., 3rd 
South Lanes. Regt. Travelled : All over the world. Recreations : Shooting, 
golf, travelling. Club : United Service. Notes : In command of the 3rd 
South Lanes. Regt. in South African War, 1900-1901 ; Medal and three 
Clasps ; mentioned in despatches. Owns about four thousand acres in South 
Lanes., Hale, and Orford, Warrington. 

IRVINE, William Fergusson, M.A., F.S.A., Company Director. 

56, Park Road South, Birkenhead ('Phone : 1163 Birkenhead). Born : 
1869 ; second son of James Irvine, of Claughton, Cheshire, African Merchant. 
Educated : Birkenhead School. Trained in firm of James Irvine and Co., 
Liverpool. Married : 1897, to Lilian, third daughter of the late T. C. Davies- 
CoUey, M.A., of Higher Broughton, and has issue f